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Consumer health

Alberto Renzoni, Antonia Pirrera, Francesco Novello, Alessandra Lepri, Paolo Cammarata, Cristiano Tarantino, Fortunato D'Ancona, Alberto Perra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Italy has seen a constant upward trend in the practice of tattooing. The Italian National Health Institute has conducted a national survey to determine the prevalence of tattooed people in Italy and to study related features of the phenomenon. AIM: Establish the prevalence and characteristics of the tattooed population and evaluate awareness of the risks associated with tattoos, which can contribute to consumer health protection. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews and computer-assisted web interviews were completed by a sample of the general population; 7608 people aged between 12 and 75+...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Giovanni Antonetti, Daniela D'Angelo, Paola Scampati, Ileana Croci, Narciso Mostarda, Saverio Potenza, Rosaria Alvaro
INTRODUCTION: Health care in prisons represents an important part of public health due to the interaction between prisons and society. Women prisoners have needs that distinguish them from male prisoners, however little is known about how those needs are met. The aim of the study was to gather information about the needs of women in prison and to identify which of their needs are the most or the least met. METHODS: This study investigated the needs of detained women using a newly developed Questionnaire based on Gordon's model...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Natalie Sherwood, Meiyin Wu, Peddrick Weis
Mercury contamination in consumed foods poses a significant threat to human health globally. The consumption of mercury-contaminated turtle meat is of special concern due to mercury's capability to bioaccumulate and biomagnify in organisms. Turtles are long-lived predators, allowing for a high degree of bioaccumulation and biomagnification of contaminants. In the U.S., diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) are legally harvested in several states throughout their range. Harvested turtles are usually sold to both local and global markets mainly for human consumption, which results in a human consumption threat...
June 18, 2018: Environmental Management
Douglas Knutson, Meredith A Martyr, Travis A Mitchell, Tori Arthur, Julie M Koch
Purpose: Scholars indicate that rates of mental and physical health issues (e.g., substance use, anxiety, depression) may be much higher among transgender individuals relative to the general population. This disparity may be even greater for transgender individuals in rural areas. Clinical researchers suggest using affirmative therapeutic approaches and interventions to address the health concerns of transgender individuals, specifically to connect individuals with the transgender community. However, little is known about the content of information that is shared in transgender communities in rural areas...
2018: Transgender Health
Karin Alvåsen, Ian Dohoo, Anki Roth, Ulf Emanuelson
BACKGROUND: Longevity is an important trait for increasing the profitability of dairy production. Long cow longevity is also essential to reduce the environmental impact of milk production, and to maintain positive consumer attitude. Genetic selection for increased longevity has been effective, but the phenotypic trend of longevity in Swedish dairy cows has not been improved. The objective of this study was to identify herd characteristics and management routines that are associated with the average cow longevity in a herd...
June 19, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Maartje P Poelman, S Coosje Dijkstra, Hanne Sponselee, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Marieke C E Battjes-Fries, Marleen Gillebaart, Jacob C Seidell
BACKGROUND: Food literacy refers to the capability to make healthy food choices in different contexts, settings and situations. The aim of this study is to develop and validate the self-perceived food literacy (SPFL) scale, to assess individuals' level of food literacy, including a knowledge, skills and behavior to plan, manage, select, prepare and eat food healthfully. METHODS: An initial set of 50 items for the SPFL scale were generated based on expert insights and literature...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
S Connor, K Edvardsson, E Spelten
BACKGROUND: While there has been a steady decline in adolescent pregnancies worldwide and in Australia over the last three decades, Australian rates still rank third highest among developed countries. Adolescent pregnancies are defined as those that occur to girls between the ages of 15 and 19. The current pregnancy rate of 15 to 19 year old females rural Victoria is 21.19%, this is more than double the Victorian state rate of 8.2% and almost double the national Australian rate at 13...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Adnan Taş, Mehmet Suat Yalçın, Bünyamin Sarıtaş, Banu Kara
Background/aim: There are various scoring systems for evaluating prognosis in patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) with hepatic encephalopathy. These include the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) classification, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD), chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment (CLIF-SOFA), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II). In this study, we aimed to compare the various scoring systems to determine the best system for showing the prognosis of patients with a prior diagnosis of cirrhosis who were hospitalized for hepatic encephalopathy...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Kévin Gillois, Mathilde Lévêque, Vassilia Théodorou, Hervé Robert, Muriel Mercier-Bonin
Synthetic chemicals (environmental pollutants, food additives) are widely used for many industrial purposes and consumer-related applications, which implies, through manufactured products, diet, and environment, a repeated exposure of the general population with growing concern regarding health disorders. The gastrointestinal tract is the first physical and biological barrier against these compounds, and thus their first target. Mounting evidence indicates that the gut microbiota represents a major player in the toxicity of environmental pollutants and food additives; however, little is known on the toxicological relevance of the mucus/pollutant interplay, even though mucus is increasingly recognized as essential in gut homeostasis...
June 15, 2018: Microorganisms
Joey K Grochmal, Andrew M Lozen, Andrew P Klein, Leighton P Mark, Jianing Li, Marjorie C Wang
BACKGROUND: Although recent work has focused on characterizing quantitative MRI markers that may predict outcome among patients with cervical degenerative conditions, little is known about their reliability. Measurement and reporting of these markers is time-consuming and non-standardized, thereby preventing their routine use in clinical care. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cervical MRI images among subjects prospectively enrolled in a health outcomes study of elective surgery for degenerative cervical spine conditions...
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Jamal Rahmani, Yadolah Fakhri, Ali Miri, Abbas Shahsavani, Zohreh Bahmani, Mauricio A Urbina, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Hassan Keramati, Bigard Moradi, Abotaleb Bay, Geir Bjørklund
Human consumption of fish protein, including canned tuna fish, is increasing steadily worldwide. However, there are some concerns about the potential exposure to elevated concentrations of metals in canned tuna fish. Several studies have been conducted in Iran regarding the concentration of metals in seafood, including copper (Cu), selenium (Se), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), tin (Sn), and cadmium (Cd) in canned tuna fish. The main aim of this study was to gather data from existing papers and to perform a meta-analysis of the pooled concentrations of metals to evaluate their non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks in children and adults consumers...
June 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Grant E Donnelly, Laura Y Zatz, Dan Svirsky, Leslie K John
Governments have proposed text warning labels to decrease consumption of sugary drinks-a contributor to chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, they may be less effective than more evocative, graphic warning labels. We field-tested the effectiveness of graphic warning labels (vs. text warning labels, calorie labels, and no labels), provided insight into psychological mechanisms driving effectiveness, and assessed consumer sentiment. Study 1 indicated that graphic warning labels reduced the share of sugary drinks purchased in a cafeteria from 21...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Noordiana Nordin, Nor Azah Yusof, Son Radu, Roozbeh Hushiarian
Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a common foodborne pathogen that contributes to a large proportion of public health problems globally, significantly affecting the rate of human mortality and morbidity. Conventional methods for the detection of V. parahaemolyticus such as culture-based methods, immunological assays, and molecular-based methods require complicated sample handling and are time-consuming, tedious, and costly. Recently, biosensors have proven to be a promising and comprehensive detection method with the advantages of fast detection, cost-effectiveness, and practicality...
June 3, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Flaviano da Silva Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio
We aimed to assess the prevalence and characterize the profile of elder abuse in Brazil in this quantitative descriptive and exploratory study using a document analysis of cases of elder abuse against people aged 60 and over reported to Brazil's Notifiable Disease Information System ( Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação-SINAN) from 2009 to 2013. Association between age groups (older adults and non-older adults) and (a) characteristics of the victims (gender, age, and race), (b) characteristics of the violence (type of violence, place of occurrence, and repeated violence) and, (c) characteristics of the perpetrator (gender, suspected alcohol consumption, and victim-perpetrator relationship) were assessed using the chi-square test and odds ratios (OR) with a 95% confidence interval...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Joan A Vaccaro, Gustavo G Zarini, Fatma G Huffman
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine the association of unhealthy dietary food items with cardiometabolic risk factors with and without sociodemographic factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data available to the public from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 where unhealthy food consumption was based on responses to the Dietary Screener Questionnaire (unique to this NHANES cycle), and cardiometabolic risk factors were based on laboratory results, anthropometric measures, interview and examination questions for 2045 adults aged 20-69 and belonging to four racial/ethnic groups: 473 Mexican Americans (MA); 267 Other Hispanics (OH); 389, non-Hispanic Blacks (NHB) and 916 non-Hispanic Whites (NHW) (characterised by NHANES)...
June 17, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Abdolmotalleb Rezaei
International and national organizations responsible for healthy food production and food consumers have too often neglected farmers, who are the producers in this cycle and are directly involved in environmental issues, integrating resources with their skills and producing agricultural crops to offer to civil society. Moreover, the health of farmers has also been neglected, when attending to their health would likely ensure a healthy environment and safe foods. Thus, the Farmer First Health Paradigm is seeking to address the fact that if international community expects a healthy environment and safe foods for future generations, then basic principles for producing healthy food in different countries should be considered and applied in their strategic plans...
June 2018: One Health
Joshua H Guy, Grace E Vincent
Exercise-induced heat production is further elevated by exercise performed in hot conditions and this can subsequently impact inflammation, and gastrointestinal (GI) health. Implementing nutrition and supplementation strategies under these conditions may support the hyperthermic response, the systemic inflammatory response, GI permeability and integrity, and exercise performance. Therefore, the aim of this brief review is to explore athletes' inflammatory response of two key biomarkers, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and provide nutrition and supplementation recommendations when exercising in hot conditions...
February 6, 2018: Sports
Lubertus Bijlsma, Rubén Gil-Solsona, Félix Hernández, Juan Vicente Sancho
Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are consumed as legal alternative to cannabis and often allow passing drug-screening tests. Their rapid transience on the drug scene, combined with their mostly unknown metabolic profiles, creates a scenario with constantly moving analytical targets, making their monitoring and identification challenging. The development of fast screening strategies for SCs, not directly focused on their chemical structure, as an alternative to the commonly applied target acquisition methods, would be highly appreciated in forensic and public health laboratories...
June 16, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Zhixia Li, Jiyun Nie, Zhen Yan, Yang Cheng, Feng Lan, Yunan Huang, Qiusheng Chen, Xubo Zhao, An Li
The presence of pesticide residues in fruit has been of extensive concern worldwide. In this paper, pesticide residues in peach samples in China and their dietary exposure risks for the Chinese general population and children were evaluated. Thirty-nine different pesticides were detected, and 92.3% of samples contained one or more pesticide residues. The most frequently detected pesticide was carbendazim with a detection rate of 60.6%. Residues for eight pesticides in 3.2% of the samples exceeded their MRLs with the highest exceedance of 345%...
June 14, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
W A Knauer, S M Godden, S M McGuirk, J Sorg
The objective of this study was to describe the effect of offering a fixed or increasing milk allowance in the first 1 to 2 wk of life. We hypothesized that calves offered a fixed amount of milk early in life would not experience more scours, but rather would experience improved health and growth compared with calves that had their daily milk allowance slowly increased over a period of 1 to 2 wk. This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 5 dairy farms in Minnesota with both a summer (June-August 2016) and winter (December-February 2017) period of enrollment...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
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