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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926450/changing-health-behavior-motivation-from-i-must-to-i-want
#1
S Knecht, P Kenning
In the past, medicine was dominated by acute diseases. Since treatments were unknown to patients they followed their medical doctors´ directives-at least for the duration of the disease. Behavior was thus largely motivated by avoiding expected costs associated with alternative behaviors (I-must). The health challenges prevailing today are chronic conditions resulting from the way we chose to live. Traditional directive communication has not been successful in eliciting and maintaining appropriate lifestyle changes...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925711/evaluation-of-susceptibility-of-polymer-and-rubber-materials-intended-into-contact-with-drinking-water-on-biofilm-formation
#2
Maciej Szczotko, Agnieszka Stankiewicz, Małgorzata Jamsheer-Bratkowska
Background: Plumbing materials in water distribution networks and indoor installations are constantly evolving. The application of new, more economical solutions with plastic materials eliminates the corrosion problems, however, do not fully protect the consumer against secondary microbial contamination of water intended for human consumption caused by the presence of a biofilm on the inner surface of materials applied. National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene conducts research aimed at a comprehensive assessment of this type of materials, resulting their further marketing authorization in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925707/natural-mineral-bottled-waters-available-on-the-polish-market-as-a-source-of-minerals-for-the-consumers-part-2-the-intake-of-sodium-and-potassium
#3
Anna Gątarska, Joanna Ciborska, Elżbieta Tońska
Background: Natural mineral waters are purchased and consumed according to consumer preferences and possible recommendations. The choice of appropriate water should take into account not only the general level of mineralization but also the content of individual components, including electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Sodium is necessary to ensure the proper physiological functions of the body. It is defined as a health risk factor only when its excessive intake occurs. Potassium acts antagonistically towards sodium and calcium ions, contributes to a reduction of the volume of extracellular fluids and at the same time reduces muscle tension and permeability of cell membranes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925211/impacts-of-fat-from-ruminants-meat-on-cardiovascular-health-and-possible-strategies-to-alter-its-lipid-composition
#4
REVIEW
Vargas-Bello-Pérez E, Larraín R E
In the last decades there has been an increased consumer interest in the fatty acid (FA) composition of ruminant meat due to its content of saturated FA, which have been implicated in diseases associated with modern life. However, recent studies have questioned the recommendations to reduce intake of fat, saturated FA and cholesterol as a mean of reducing risk of cardiovascular disease. Interestingly, ruminant meat has some bioactive lipids such as C18:1t11 and C18:2 c9, t11 which have been reported to have positive effects on human health...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925107/characteristics-of-motorcyclists-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents-attended-at-public-urgent-and-emergency-services
#5
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro
Injuries resulting from motorcycle road traffic accidents are an important public health issue in Brazil. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of motorcyclists involved in traffic accidents attended in public urgent and emergency services in the state capitals and the Federal District. This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA Survey) in 2014. Data were analyzed according to sociodemographic, event and attendance characteristics. Proportional differences between genders were analyzed by chi-square test (Rao-Scott) with 5% significance level...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924584/the-health-conditions-and-the-health-care-consumption-of-the-uninsured
#6
Marco A Castaneda, Meryem Saygili
This paper investigates the difference in the health conditions and the health care consumption of uninsured individuals as compared to individuals with private insurance, using a nationally representative data set of inpatient hospital admissions from the US. In line with the previous literature, our results indicate that uninsured individuals are, on average, in worse health conditions. However, if we compare individuals within the same diagnosis category, the uninsured are actually healthier, with a lower number of chronic conditions and a lower risk of mortality...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924528/mycotoxins-an-underhand-food-problem
#7
Antonio Moretti, Antonio F Logrieco, Antonia Susca
Among the food safety issues, the occurrence of fungal species able to produce toxic metabolites on the agro-food products has acquired a general attention. These compounds, the mycotoxins, generally provided of low molecular weight, are the result of the secondary metabolism of the toxigenic fungi. They may have toxic activity toward the plants, but mostly represent a serious risk for human and animal health worldwide, since they can be accumulated on many final crop products and they have a broad range of toxic biological activities...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923155/user-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-experimental-evidence-from-rural-tanzania
#9
Zachary Burt, Robert M Njee, Yolanda Mbatia, Veritas Msimbe, Joe Brown, Thomas F Clasen, Hamisi M Malebo, Isha Ray
Almost half of all deaths from drinking microbiologically unsafe water occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems, when consistently used, can provide safer drinking water and improve health. Social marketing to increase adoption and use of HWTS depends both on the prices of and preferences for these systems. This study included 556 households from rural Tanzania across two low-income districts with low-quality water sources. Over 9 months in 2012 and 2013, we experimentally evaluated consumer preferences for six "low-cost" HWTS options, including boiling, through an ordinal ranking protocol...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922603/digital-footprints-facilitating-large-scale-environmental-psychiatric-research-in-naturalistic-settings-through-data-from-everyday-technologies
#10
N Bidargaddi, P Musiat, V-P Makinen, M Ermes, G Schrader, J Licinio
Digital footprints, the automatically accumulated by-products of our technology-saturated lives, offer an exciting opportunity for psychiatric research. The commercial sector has already embraced the electronic trails of customers as an enabling tool for guiding consumer behaviour, and analogous efforts are ongoing to monitor and improve the mental health of psychiatric patients. The untargeted collection of digital footprints that may or may not be health orientated comprises a large untapped information resource for epidemiological scale research into psychiatric disorders...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921420/-frequency-and-timing-of-meals-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-adventist-health-study-2
#11
Hana Kahleová, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary Fraser
GOAL: Our study focuses on examining the relationship between the frequency and timing of meals and changes in BMI in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) which represents a relatively healthy population in North America. METHODOLOGY: A longitudinal analysis was undertaken using data from 48 673 individuals monitored over an average period of 7.43 ± 1.24 years. The number of meals per day, length of nighttime fasting, eating breakfast and timing of the largest meal of the day (breakfast 5-11 a...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921083/integrated-role-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-supplementation-in-gut-microbiota-immunity-and-metabolism-of-infant-rhesus-monkeys
#12
Xuan He, Carolyn M Slupsky, James W Dekker, Neill W Haggarty, Bo Lönnerdal
To investigate the impact of probiotic supplementation of infant formula on immune parameters, intestinal microbiota, and metabolism, five individually housed infant rhesus monkeys exclusively fed standard infant formula supplemented with probiotics (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019) from birth until 3 months of age were compared with five standard formula-fed and five breast-fed monkeys. Anthropometric measurements, serum insulin, immune parameters, fecal microbiota, and metabolic profiles of serum, urine, and feces were evaluated...
November 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920772/streptococcus-thermophilus-apc151-strain-is-suitable-for-the-manufacture-of-naturally-gaba-enriched-bioactive-yogurt
#13
Daniel M Linares, Tom F O'Callaghan, Paula M O'Connor, R P Ross, Catherine Stanton
Consumer interest in health-promoting food products is a major driving force for the increasing global demand of functional (probiotic) dairy foods. Yogurt is considered the ideal medium for delivery of beneficial functional ingredients. Gamma-amino-butyric acid has potential as a bioactive ingredient in functional foods due to its health-promoting properties as an anti-stress, anti-hypertensive, and anti-diabetic agent. Here, we report the use of a novel Streptococcus thermophilus strain, isolated from the digestive tract of fish, for production of yogurt naturally enriched with 2 mg/ml of gamma-amino-butyric acid (200 mg in a standard yogurt volume of 100 ml), a dose in the same range as that provided by some commercially available gamma-amino-butyric acid supplements...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920757/advances-and-challenges-in-viability-detection-of-foodborne-pathogens
#14
REVIEW
Dexin Zeng, Zi Chen, Yuan Jiang, Feng Xue, Baoguang Li
Foodborne outbreaks are a serious public health and food safety concern worldwide. There is a great demand for rapid, sensitive, specific, and accurate methods to detect microbial pathogens in foods. Conventional methods based on cultivation of pathogens have been the gold standard protocols; however, they take up to a week to complete. Molecular assays such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequencing, microarray technologies have been widely used in detection of foodborne pathogens. Among molecular assays, PCR technology [conventional and real-time PCR (qPCR)] is most commonly used in the foodborne pathogen detection because of its high sensitivity and specificity...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920321/many-mobile-health-apps-target-high-need-high-cost-populations-but-gaps-remain
#15
Karandeep Singh, Kaitlin Drouin, Lisa P Newmark, JaeHo Lee, Arild Faxvaag, Ronen Rozenblum, Erika A Pabo, Adam Landman, Elissa Klinger, David W Bates
With rising smartphone ownership, mobile health applications (mHealth apps) have the potential to support high-need, high-cost populations in managing their health. While the number of available mHealth apps has grown substantially, no clear strategy has emerged on how providers should evaluate and recommend such apps to patients. Key stakeholders, including medical professional societies, insurers, and policy makers, have largely avoided formally recommending apps, which forces patients to obtain recommendations from other sources...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920248/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-among-older-australians-national-quality-improvement-programmes-have-led-to-sustained-practice-change
#16
Nicole L Pratt, Lisa M Kalisch Ellett, Janet K Sluggett, Svetla V Gadzhanova, Emmae N Ramsay, Mhairi Kerr, Vanessa T LeBlanc, John D Barratt, Elizabeth E Roughead
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of national multifaceted initiatives to improve use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the use of PPIs among older Australians. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis using administrative health claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA). SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: All veterans and dependents who received PPIs between January 2003 and December 2013...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#17
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919469/dangerous-intoxication-after-oral-ingestion-of-poppers-alkyl-nitrites-two-case-reports
#18
Stéphanie Pain, François Chavant, Bernard Fauconneau, Jérémy Guenezan, Nicolas Marjanovic, Jean-Yves Lardeur, Bertrand Brunet, Marie-Christine Perault-Pochat
"Poppers" (alkyl nitrites) were made famous in the 1960s as a party drug and are still used today. They are highly volatile, sweet-smelling liquids commonly administered by inhalation. However, sometimes, they can be consumed by oral ingestion resulting in greater toxicity. They are used for their vasodilator effects but these volatile nitrites can also cause methemoglobinemia. Methemoglobinemia is a rare pathology that results from the oxidation of iron in the hemoglobin molecule. Oxidation of iron switches it from the ferrous to the ferric state and impedes the ability of hemoglobin to carry oxygen...
December 2, 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919381/consumer-choice-of-on-demand-mhealth-app-services-context-and-contents-values-using-structural-equation-modeling
#19
Euehun Lee, Semi Han, Sang Hyun Jo
OBJECTIVE: As smartphone penetration increases and the technology advances, various mobile services have reached the market. mHealth Applications are specifically highlighted for phenomena such as global aging & well-being, but the technology-driven mHealth services have not been successful in the market because consumer needs have not been reflected in the services properly. This study developed a research model consisting of context/contents values to explain the intention of consumers over the age of 40 in using mHealth Applications...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919153/-nudge-strategies-at-a-glance-an-overview-more-freedom-or-new-paternalism
#20
Luca Leone
Under the theoretical assumptions of individual bounded rationality and of behavioural psychology about human actions and agency, nudge has been promoted as an alternative to traditional regulatory tools, characterized by being inexpensive, choice-preserving, and bound to promote legitimate goals and citizens' welfare within through specific choice architectures. Applicable to several domains, health included, the nudging approach runs in connection with requests and needs arising from marketing strategies, with the aim of maximizing economic rationality and efficiency...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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