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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050032/providing-personalised-nutrition-consumers-trust-and-preferences-regarding-sources-of-information-service-providers-and-regulators-and-communication-channels
#1
Rui Poínhos, Bruno M P M Oliveira, Ivo A van der Lans, Arnout R H Fischer, Aleksandra Berezowska, Audrey Rankin, Sharron Kuznesof, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Lynn J Frewer, Maria D V de Almeida
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Personalised nutrition has potential to revolutionise dietary health promotion if accepted by the general public. We studied trust and preferences regarding personalised nutrition services, how they influence intention to adopt these services, and cultural and social differences therein. METHODS: A total of 9,381 participants were quota-sampled to be representative of each of 9 EU countries (Germany, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, and Norway) and surveyed by a questionnaire assessing their intention to adopt personalised nutrition, trust in service regulators and information sources, and preferences for service providers and information channels...
October 20, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049043/challenges-of-healthcare-administration-optimizing-quality-and-value-at-an-affordable-cost-in-pediatric-cardiology
#2
Mitchell I Cohen, Patricio A Frias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the paradigm shift in healthcare delivery that will need to take place over the next few years away from an emphasis on supply-driven health care to better quality transparent-driven health care whose focus is on the consumer's best interest. RECENT FINDINGS: The current healthcare system is fragmented and costs continue to rise. The best way to contain costs is to improve quality to the consumer, the patient...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048960/machine-learning-to-detect-prescription-opioid-abuse-promotion-and-access-via-twitter
#3
Tim K Mackey, Janani Kalyanam, Takeo Katsuki, Gert Lanckriet
OBJECTIVES: To deploy a methodology accurately identifying tweets marketing the illegal online sale of controlled substances. METHODS: We first collected tweets from the Twitter public application program interface stream filtered for prescription opioid keywords. We then used unsupervised machine learning (specifically, topic modeling) to identify topics associated with illegal online marketing and sales. Finally, we conducted Web forensic analyses to characterize different types of online vendors...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048576/monitoring-characteristics-and-genotoxic-effects-of-engineered-nanoparticle-protein-corona
#4
Violet Aileen Senapati, Krupa Kansara, Rishi Shanker, Alok Dhawan, Ashutosh Kumar
Engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) possess different physical and chemical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. These unique properties have found application in various products in the area of therapeutics, consumer goods, environmental remediation, optical and electronic fields. This has also increased the likelihood of their release into the environment thereby affecting human health and ecosystem. ENPs, when in contact with the biological system have various physical and chemical interactions with cellular macromolecules including proteins...
October 17, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048553/are-preschoolers-meeting-the-mark-comparing-the-dietary-activity-and-sleep-behaviors-of-preschoolers-with-obesity-to-national-recommendations
#5
Cathleen Odar Stough, Mary Beth McCullough, Shannon L Robson, Christopher Bolling, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Jessica C Kichler, Cynthia Zion, Lisa M Clifford, Stacey L Simon, Richard F Ittenbach, Lori J Stark
Objective: National health organizations and expert committees have issued recommendations for health behaviors related to obesity risk. Behavioral and family-based weight management interventions for preschoolers often target improving adherence to these recommendations, but it is unknown how the health behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in weight control treatments (WCTs) compare with these guidelines. In this study, the dietary intake, activity, and sleep behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in a family-based behavioral WCT are described and compared with national health behavior recommendations...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045011/consumer-health-information-seeking-in-social-media-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Yuehua Zhao, Jin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to summarise current research regarding how consumers seek health-related information from social media. Primarily, we hope to reveal characteristics of existing studies investigating the health topics that consumers have discussed in social media, ascertaining the roles social media have played in consumers' information-seeking processes and discussing the potential benefits and concerns of accessing consumer health information in social media...
October 17, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044878/the-impact-of-coaches-providing-healthy-snacks-at-junior-sport-training
#7
Regina Belski, Kiera Staley, Stephen Keenan, Anne Skiadopoulos, Erica Randle, Alex Donaldson, Paul O'Halloran, Pam Kappelides, Stacey O'Neil, Matthew Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels. METHODS: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044739/peripheral-intravenous-cannula-insertion-and-use-in-the-emergency-department-an-intervention-study
#8
Tracey Hawkins, Jaimi H Greenslade, Jessica Suna, Julian Williams, Matthew Jensen, Maria Donohue, Elizabeth Ho, Christopher Van Hise, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Louise Cullen
OBJECTIVES: To examine cannulation practice and effectiveness of a multi-modal intervention to reduce peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) insertion in emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: A prospective before and after study and cost analysis was conducted at a single tertiary ED in Australia. Data were collected 24 hours a day for two weeks pre- and post-implementation of a multi-modal intervention. PIVC placement and utilization within 24 hours were evaluated in all eligible patients...
October 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044724/tea-polyphenols-for-the-prevention-of-uvb-induced-skin-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Pooja Sharma, Mary Katherine Montes de Oca, Amena R Alkeswani, Sarah F McClees, Tanushree Das, Craig A Elmets, Farrukh Afaq
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer with increasing incidence rate and public health burden. Solar Ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes an array of damaging cellular and molecular events that eventually lead to the development of skin cancer. Despite increased awareness about sun protection, the exposure rate remains high with less than 15% of men and 30% of women using sunscreen on a regular basis. Therefore, there is an imperative need for the development of novel preventive approaches. Skin cancer chemoprevention using phytochemicals either as dietary supplements or by topical applications has gained considerable attention due to their low toxicity, availability, and anti-carcinogenic properties...
October 16, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043938/piloting-consumer-health-information-services-in-collaboration-with-a-community-research-engagement-program
#10
Margaret Ansell, Michele R Tennant, Vicki Piazza, Linda B Cottler
At an academic health science center, librarians partnered with a community research engagement program to offer a suite of consumer health information services. The services included training staff in the use of online consumer health resources, purchasing a print collection of monographs, and creating a guide to both the online and print resources for staff use. Focus groups were conducted to assess information needs, and the workshop attendees' online health information competency was assessed presession and postsession...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043761/exploring-sales-data-during-a-healthy-corner-store-intervention-in-toronto-the-food-retail-environments-shaping-health-fresh-project
#11
Leia M Minaker, Meghan Lynch, Brian E Cook, Catherine L Mah
INTRODUCTION: Population health interventions in the retail food environment, such as corner store interventions, aim to influence the kind of cues consumers receive so that they are more often directed toward healthier options. Research that addresses financial aspects of retail interventions, particularly using outcome measures such as store sales that are central to retail decision making, is limited. This study explored store sales over time and across product categories during a healthy corner store intervention in a lowincome neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043408/what-is-the-cost-of-free-cleft-surgery-in-the-middle-east
#12
Samar Sheriff, Hassan J Zawahrah, Lenisa V Chang, Sonay Beyatli, Haithem M Elhadi Babiker, Ashton L Roach, Natalyia Biskup, John A van Aalst
BACKGROUND: This project explores the costs of cleft lip and/or palate surgeries in Palestine and Sudan, two low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in the Middle East. Our purpose is to examine the veracity of advertisements from international cleft organizations claiming that "250 US dollars (USD) covers the cost of a single cleft surgery." We hypothesize that the actual cost of surgery is greater than 250 USD. METHODS: Costs for each cleft surgery were organized broadly into 5 categories: hospital charges, personnel (time and money spent for health professionals to travel to LMIC, including lost wages), tests, consumables, and reusables...
October 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043222/production-of-fermented-kale-juices-with-lactobacillus-strains-and-nutritional-composition
#13
Seong Yeong Kim
Fermented kale juices using four types of lactobacilli were produced in the present study. After 48 h of fermentation time, viable cell counts of all ferments reached an above 10(9) CFU/mL. The viability of the ferments after cold storage in the refrigerator for 4 weeks showed 10(8) CFU/mL in all ferments. Among four types of fermented kale juices, the ferment of Lactobacillus acidophilus IFO 3025 indicated a good nutritional composition, including neutral sugar (1,909.76 μg/mL), reducing sugar (564.00 μg/mL, P<0...
September 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042495/impact-of-dietary-resistant-starch-on-the-human-gut-microbiome-metaproteome-and-metabolome
#14
Tanja V Maier, Marianna Lucio, Lang Ho Lee, Nathan C VerBerkmoes, Colin J Brislawn, Jörg Bernhardt, Regina Lamendella, Jason E McDermott, Nathalie Bergeron, Silke S Heinzmann, James T Morton, Antonio González, Gail Ackermann, Rob Knight, Katharina Riedel, Ronald M Krauss, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Janet K Jansson
Diet can influence the composition of the human microbiome, and yet relatively few dietary ingredients have been systematically investigated with respect to their impact on the functional potential of the microbiome. Dietary resistant starch (RS) has been shown to have health benefits, but we lack a mechanistic understanding of the metabolic processes that occur in the gut during digestion of RS. Here, we collected samples during a dietary crossover study with diets containing large or small amounts of RS. We determined the impact of RS on the gut microbiome and metabolic pathways in the gut, using a combination of "omics" approaches, including 16S rRNA gene sequencing, metaproteomics, and metabolomics...
October 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042290/wild-edible-plants-nutritional-and-toxicological-characteristics-retrieval-strategies-and-importance-for-today-s-society
#15
José Pinela, Ana Maria Carvalho, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Wild edible plants (WEPs) are part of the cultural and genetic heritage of different regions of the world. In times of famine and scarcity, these sources of nutrients and health-promoting compounds have received high importance mainly in rural and suburban areas. Although currently underutilized, WEPs are still consumed traditionally by different communities and are gaining relevance in today's society. However, these foods lack recognition as significant contributors to the human diet in developed areas. This review describes the nutritional value of WEPs from the North-eastern region of Portugal and points out those containing potentially toxic compounds...
October 14, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041992/understanding-patterns-of-socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-along-with-health-services-provider-availability-for-zika-outbreak-in-south-florida
#16
Linda McQuade, Mya Rao, Roger Miller, Winnie Zhou, Rinku Deol, Brian Sato
In this study, we analyzed the patterns of socioeconomic and demographic factors along with health services provider availability for the current Zika outbreak in Miami-Dade County, South Florida. We used Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) Machine-Readable Public Use Files (MR-PUFs) to examine provider availability in combination with socioeconomic and demographic factors that could potentially lead to healthcare disparities between any underserved population of the Wynwood neighborhood and the broader population of Miami-Dade County...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041813/regulatory-science-requirements-of-labeling-of-genetically-modified-food
#17
A Alan Moghissi, Lisa M Jaeger, Dania Shafei, Lindsey L Bloom
This paper provides an overview of the evolution of food labeling in the USA. It briefly describes the three phases of agricultural development consisting of naturally occurring, cross-bred, and genetically engineered, edited or modified crops, otherwise known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). It uses the Best Available Regulatory Science (BARS) and Metrics for Evaluation of Regulatory Science Claims (MERSC) to evaluate the scientific validity of claims applicable to GMO and the Best Available Public Information (BAPI) to evaluate the pronouncements by public media and others...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040086/compliance-of-brown-mussel-perna-perna-production-areas-in-the-south-of-brazil-with-the-bacteriological-criteria-of-the-shellfish-hygiene-systems-in-the-european-union-and-united-states-of-america-assessing-the-impacts-on-consumer-safety
#18
Robson Ventura de Souza, Carlos José Alexandre de Campos, Luis Hamilton Pospissil Garbossa, Walter Quadros Seiffert
Levels of faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) monitored in surface water and brown mussels collected at 28 production areas in Brazil from August 2012 to October 2013 were used to assess compliance with the bacteriological standards of the shellfish hygiene classification systems used in the European Union (EU) and USA. This classification determines the level of post-harvesting purification needed to reduce the risk of illness in consumers. The results indicate that 36% of production areas would be class A under the EU system and 75% would be 'Approved' under the US system...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039769/-their-packaging-has-always-been-like-a-power-a-qualitative-study-of-u-s-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-visual-design-features-to-inform-product-regulation
#19
Joseph G L Lee, Paige E Averett, Tiffany Blanchflower, Nunzio Landi, Kyle R Gregory
Cigarette packaging matters to consumer behavior. However, it is less clear which changes to packaging design would be salient for adult smokers. Such information is critically important to regulators in the United States who are charged with reviewing new tobacco products for their impact on population health. In this qualitative study, U.S. adult smokers (n = 33) participated in six telephone-based focus groups in March 2017. Separate groups were comprised of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants; participants with less than four years of post-secondary education; a mix of LGB and straight participants; and, the general population...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038976/classification-of-human-and-zoonotic-group-hepatitis-e-virus-hev-using-antigen-detection
#20
Gui-Ping Wen, Zi-Min Tang, Si-Ling Wang, Wen-Fang Ji, Wei Cai, Xu Zhang, Shou-Jie Huang, Ting Wu, Jun Zhang, Zi-Zheng Zheng, Ning-Shao Xia
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the major pathogens that cause acute viral hepatitis. The human (genotypes 1 and 2) and zoonotic (genotypes 3 and 4) groups of HEV present different epidemiology and clinical features. In this study, we developed a classification method for rapidly classifying HEV into human or zoonotic groups that combines a general antigen test with a zoonotic group-specific antigen test. Evaluation of serial samples from HEV-infected rhesus monkeys indicated that HEV antigen-positive samples can be classified using the antigen-based classification method...
October 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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