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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098769/sensory-acceptability-of-infant-cereals-with-whole-grain-in-infants-and-young-children
#1
Juan Francisco Haro-Vicente, Maria Jose Bernal-Cava, Amparo Lopez-Fernandez, Gaspar Ros-Berruezo, Stefan Bodenstab, Luis Manuel Sanchez-Siles
In many countries, infant cereals are one of the first foods introduced during the complementary feeding stage. These cereals are usually made with refined cereal flours, even though several health benefits have been linked to the intake of whole grain cereals. Prior evidence suggests that food preferences are developed at early stages of life, and may persist in later childhood and adulthood. Our aim was to test whether an infant cereal with 30% of whole grain was similarly accepted both by parents and infants in comparison to a similar cereal made from refined flour...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098161/modelling-of-occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-nickel-compounds
#2
Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Dorothea Koppisch, Rainer Van Gelder, Katrin Pitzke, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Jack Siemiatycki, Jerome Lavoué, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Roger Stamm, Thomas Brüning
The aim of this study was to estimate average occupational exposure to inhalable nickel (Ni) using the German exposure database MEGA. This database contains 8052 personal measurements of Ni collected between 1990 and 2009 in adjunct with information on the measurement and workplace conditions. The median of all Ni concentrations was 9 μg/m(3) and the 95th percentile was 460 μg/m(3). We predicted geometric means (GMs) for welders and other occupations centered to 1999. Exposure to Ni in welders is strongly influenced by the welding process applied and the Ni content of the used welding materials...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098043/-the-effects-of-smoking-on-health-growth-of-knowledge-reveals-even-grimmer-picture
#3
J P Mackenbach, R A M Damhuis, J V Been
- In this article we give a short overview of new insights into the effects of smoking on health, both on smokers themselves and on those who are exposed to other people's tobacco smoke.- The number of diseases and conditions that are known to be caused by active smoking has now risen to over thirty.- The risk of premature death is not, as previously thought, twice as high in smokers as in non-smokers, but actually three times as high.- Passive smoking too has been shown to have a whole range of negative effects on health...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097722/antimicrobial-utilization-in-an-iraqi-province-a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-antibiotic-source-and-cost
#4
Ali A Al-Jumaili, Ahmed H Hussein, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, Saba A Raheem, Erika J Ernst
PURPOSE: The aims were to calculate total systemic antibiotic consumption and cost in both public and private sectors in all care settings in Al-Najaf province, Iraq, during 2012, recognize the percentage of each pharmacological class for the dispensed antibiotics and identify oral and parenteral antibiotic percentages dispensed and the portions manufactured nationally and imported. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Najaf to calculate the total cost and quantities of antibiotics consumed during 2012 using World Health Organization Guidelines for Defined Daily Dose (DDD)...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#5
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096748/questioning-reliability-assessments-of-health-information-on-social-media
#6
REVIEW
Nicole K Dalmer
This narrative review examines assessments of the reliability of online health information retrieved through social media to ascertain whether health information accessed or disseminated through social media should be evaluated differently than other online health information. Several medical, library and information science, and interdisciplinary databases were searched using terms relating to social media, reliability, and health information. While social media's increasing role in health information consumption is recognized, studies are dominated by investigations of traditional (i...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096745/your-teaching-strategy-matters-how-engagement-impacts-application-in-health-information-literacy-instruction
#7
Heather A Johnson, Laura Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare two pedagogical methods, active learning and passive instruction, to determine which is more useful in helping students to achieve the learning outcomes in a one-hour research skills instructional session. METHODS: Two groups of high school students attended an instructional session to learn about consumer health resources and strategies to enhance their searching skills. The first group received passive instruction, and the second engaged in active learning...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096622/survey-on-sarcocystis-in-bovine-carcasses-slaughtered-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-el-kharga-egypt
#8
Ali Meawad Ahmed, Nagwa Thabet Elshraway, Ahmed Ibrahim Youssef
AIM: The main objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of Sarcocystis sp. infection in cattle and buffalo carcasses slaughtered at El-Kharga abattoir, New Valley Governorate, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for Sarcocystis macrocysts through a year (2015). Macroscopic Sarcocystis was detected from a total of 2120 cattle and buffalo carcasses. In addition, 100 meat samples were collected from female cattle and buffalo (50 each) and were examined microscopically for sarcocystosis...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096137/introduction-to-the-yogurt-in-nutrition-initiative-at-the-first-symposium-of-yogurt-in-mexico-the-balanced-diet-initiative
#9
REVIEW
Armando R Tovar, Guadalupe Herrera
In some European countries, yogurt consumption is common. However, such consumption is not common in Latin America, particularly in Mexico, partially because of the lack of a cultural tradition of consuming yogurt. Moreover, we also know that little information about the health benefits associated with yogurt consumption has been provided to the Mexican population. Thus, there is an immediate need to provide, at least to the nutrition community in the country, current scientific evidence about the health benefits of yogurt, with the aim that yogurt be included as part of the functional foods recommended to the population...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096068/perceived-and-performed-ehealth-literacy-survey-and-simulated-performance-test
#10
Efrat Neter, Esther Brainin
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) literacy of consumers is essential in order to improve information and communication technology (ICT) use for health purposes by ordinary citizens. However, performed eHealth literacy is seldom studied. Therefore, the present study assessed perceived and performed eHealth literacy using the recent conceptualization of health literacy skills. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to examine the association between perceived and performed eHealth literacies...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095624/-it-s-good-enough-swedish-general-dental-practitioners-on-reasons-for-accepting-sub-standard-root-filling-quality
#11
L Dahlström, O Lindwall, H Rystedt, C Reit
AIM: The concept of "good enough" is central and necessary in the assessment of root filling quality. The aim was to explore the concept by analysing reasons and arguments for the acceptance or rejection of substandard root filling quality as reported by GDPs in Sweden. METHODOLOGY: The study was designed as a qualitative and exploratory study based on seven videotaped focus group interviews analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. Thirty-three general dental practitioners (GDPs) employed in the Public Dental Health Service in Gothenburg, Sweden, participated (4-6 GDPs/interview)...
January 17, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095290/study-of-the-microbiological-quality-of-bulgarian-bottled-water-in-terms-of-its-contamination-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#12
Vesela Georgieva, Yulia Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: Due to the widespread use of bottled water, it is important from a hygienic point of view to ensure that these products have good quality and meet the requirements set out in regulations. METHODS: In the period 2000-2013, a large-scale study (2,500 samples) was carried out on the quality of Bulgarian bottled water as per the microbiological parameters laid down in the European and Bulgarian legislation. Standard microbiological methods were applied. RESULTS: There is strong evidence that the most frequently isolated contaminant in these products was Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095123/seafood-consumption-habits-of-south-carolina-shrimp-baiters
#13
Deborah Laska, Grace Vahey, Trevor Faith, John Vena, Edith M Williams
Shrimp baiting is a fishing technique used by many South Carolinians and has been regulated in the state since the late 1980s. A postcard survey was developed and included with 400 South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) annual surveys of registered shrimp baiters over a two-year period. The survey contained questions concerning frequency, portion size, baiting locations, and preparation techniques for shrimp as well as other species consumed and demographic information. An overall response rate of 37% was received...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095031/the-role-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-in-shiraz-iran-2014-a-case-crossover-study
#14
Narges Khanjani, Masoomeh Mousavi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Souri
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents and traffic-related injuries and mortality have become a major public health concern over the current years in Iran. This study aimed to examine the role of drug and alcohol use in motor vehicle accidents in Iran. METHODS: This case-crossover study was conducted on 441 drivers who survived from a road traffic crash and were taken to the emergency department of Shahid Rajaee trauma hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran. Data were collected using checklists which included demographic characteristics and drug and alcohol use prior to driving...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093900/who-is-responsible-for-metabolic-screening-for-mental-health-clients-taking-antipsychotic-medications
#15
Tamara Ward, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Metabolic syndrome is common in mental health consumer populations, and is linked to cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes. Metabolic screening is a way of recognising consumers who are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome but internationally screening rates remain low. A retrospective audit was completed at one Australian public mental health service on the case files of 100 randomly selected consumers to determine nurses level of compliance with metabolic screening policies over a 12 month period...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093883/consumers-in-mental-health-service-leadership-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Brett Scholz, Sarah Gordon, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for greater involvement of mental health service consumers in all aspects and at all levels of service planning, delivery, and evaluation. The extent to which consumers are part of the decision-making function of mental health organizations varies. This systematic review synthesizes empirical and review studies published in peer-reviewed academic journals relating to consumers in leadership roles within mental health organizations. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and PsycINFO were searched for articles specifically analysing and discussing consumers' mental health service leadership...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#17
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#18
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091886/levels-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-breast-milk-of-maya-women-in-yucatan-mexico
#19
Ángel G Polanco Rodríguez, M Inmaculada Riba López, T Angel DelValls Casillas, Jesús Alfredo Araujo León, B Anjan Kumar Prusty, Fernando J Álvarez Cervera
In this study, 24 breast milk samples, obtained from rural Maya women, from municipalities of Yucatan, Mexico, were analyzed for organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues by gas chromatography. Recent studies have shown that Maya communities have a poor perception about the proper usage and handling of OCP. The karstic soil in this area has a high vulnerability to groundwater pollution by the use of OCP in agriculture and livestock activities. The impact of the ecosystem on human health is much more critical due to the prevailing poverty and a very low educational level of these communities...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091647/phytosterol-nutritional-supplement-improves-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#20
Fang Gao, Guangya Wang, Linxia Wang, Ningning Guo
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly serious health problem among pregnant women. Phytosterol-enriched spreads are known to reduce total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), but little is known about their effects on GDM. We aimed to examine the effect of the daily consumption of phytosterol-enriched spreads on both the maternal and neonatal outcomes of GDM patients. GDM patients during the third trimester of pregnancy were enrolled and assigned randomly to consume a regular spread or phytosterol-enriched spread daily until the end of their pregnancy...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
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