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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474816/coffee-for-cardioprotection-and-longevity
#1
REVIEW
James H O'Keefe, James J DiNicolantonio, Carl J Lavie
Coffee, a complex brew containing hundreds of biologically active compounds, exerts potent effects on long-term human health. Recently, a plethora of studies have been published focusing on health outcomes associated with coffee intake. An inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality has been seen consistently in large prospective studies. Habitual coffee consumption is also associated with lower risks for cardiovascular (CV) death and a variety of adverse CV outcomes, including coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (HF), and stroke; coffee's effects on arrhythmias and hypertension are neutral...
February 20, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474397/beyond-signal-functions-in-global-obstetric-care-using-a-clinical-cascade-to-measure-emergency-obstetric-readiness
#2
John N Cranmer, Julia Dettinger, Kimberly Calkins, Minnie Kibore, Onesmus Gachuno, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rate of reduction in delivery-associated maternal and perinatal mortality has been slow compared to improvements in post-delivery mortality in children under five. Improving clinical readiness for basic obstetric emergencies is crucial for reducing facility-based maternal deaths. Emergency readiness is commonly assessed using tracers derived from the maternal signal functions model. OBJECTIVE-METHOD: We compare emergency readiness using the signal functions model and a novel clinical cascade...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474145/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-yersinia-enterocolitica-in-retail-seafood
#3
Chenyang Li, Greta Gölz, Thomas Alter, Andrea Barac, Stefan Hertwig, Carolin Riedel
Yersinia enterocolitica is a zoonotic enteropathogenic bacterium that can cause acute gastroenteritis and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Although Y. enterocolitica is common in animals, food, and the environment, the reservoirs and transmission routes of this pathogen are still not fully understood. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of Y. enterocolitica in seafood in Germany, because only limited data are available on that topic. Seafood samples were purchased from retail shops in Berlin, Germany and examined for the presence of Y...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473443/pesticide-use-poisoning-and-knowledge-and-unsafe-occupational-practices-in-thailand
#4
Ratana Sapbamrer
The agricultural system in Thailand has shifted from a traditional to a commercial agricultural system. Pesticides have been imported into Thailand to increase agricultural productivity, resulting in adverse health effects for farmers and consumers. However, the scientific data available in Thailand are limited and inconsistent. Thus, this article reviews research studies regarding pesticide use, poisoning, and knowledge and unsafe occupational practices in Thailand over the last decade. This article also makes recommendations for future policies...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473425/characterisation-of-nutraceutical-compounds-from-different-parts-of-particular-species-of-citrus-sinensis-ovale-calabrese-by-uhplc-uv-esi-hrms
#5
Rita Celano, Luca Campone, Imma Pagano, Sonia Carabetta, Rosa Di Sanzo, Luca Rastrelli, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Mariateresa Russo
Consumers are aware of diet causing health problems and therefore there is an increased demand for natural ingredients that are expected to be safe and health-promoting. Many of these compounds belong to the class of flavonoids and can be divided into these five groups: flavanones, flavones, flavonols, flavanols, isoflavones and anthocyanidins. Extracts from citrus fruits are usually used as functional ingredients for several products. The aim of this paper was to develop an UHPLC-UV-ESI-HRMS method to define the metabolite profile of different parts of citrus fruit, of a particular cultivar called 'Ovale Calabrese', and in its main by-products...
February 23, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472621/temporal-trends-of-phthalate-exposures-during-2007-2010-in-swedish-pregnant-women
#6
Huan Shu, Bo Ag Jönsson, Chris Gennings, Åke Svensson, Eewa Nånberg, Christian H Lindh, Malin Knutz, Tim K Takaro, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag
BACKGROUND: The general population is exposed to phthalates, a group of chemicals with strong evidence for endocrine disrupting properties, commonly used in a large number of consumer products. Based on published research and evidence compiled by environmental agencies, certain phthalate applications and products have become restricted, leading to an increasing number of "new generation compounds" coming onto the market during recent years replacing older phthalates. Some examples of such newer compounds are di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP), di-iso-decyl phthalate (DiDP), and most recently di-isononyl-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DiNCH)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471941/editor-in-chief-s-top-picks-from-2017
#7
Valentin Fuster
Each week, I record audio summaries for every article in JACC, as well as an issue summary. While this process has been time-consuming, I have become quite familiar with every paper that we publish. Thus, I personally select papers (both original investigations and review articles) from 15 distinct specialties each year for your review. In addition to my personal choices, I have included manuscripts that have been the most accessed or downloaded on our websites, as well as those selected by the JACC Editorial Board members...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471813/rural-urban-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-awareness-of-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing
#8
Ramzi G Salloum, Thomas J George, Natalie Silver, Merry-Jennifer Markham, Jaclyn M Hall, Yi Guo, Jiang Bian, Elizabeth A Shenkman
BACKGROUND: Access to direct-to-consumer genetic testing services has increased in recent years. However, disparities in knowledge and awareness of these services are not well documented. We examined awareness of genetic testing services by rural/urban and racial/ethnic status. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using pooled cross-sectional data from 4 waves (2011-2014) of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Descriptive statistics compared sample characteristics and information sources by rural/urban residence...
February 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471590/consumer-use-and-response-to-online-third-party-raw-dna-interpretation-services
#9
Catharine Wang, Tiernan J Cahill, Andrew Parlato, Blake Wertz, Qiankun Zhong, Tricia Norkunas Cunningham, James J Cummings
BACKGROUND: With the availability of raw DNA generated from direct-to-consumer (DTC) testing companies, there has been a proliferation of third-party online services that are available to interpret the raw data for both genealogy and/or health purposes. This study examines the current landscape and downstream clinical implications of consumer use of third-party services. METHODS: Study participants were recruited online from social media platforms. A total of 321 survey respondents reported using third-party services for raw DNA interpretation...
January 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471323/what-s-to-be-done-about-laboratory-quality-process-indicators-laboratory-stewardship-the-outcomes-problem-risk-assessment-and-economic-value-responding-to-contemporary-global-challenges
#10
Frederick A Meier, Tony C Badrick, Kenneth A Sikaris
Objectives: For 50 years, structure, process, and outcomes measures have assessed health care quality. For clinical laboratories, structural quality has generally been assessed by inspection. For assessing process, quality indicators (QIs), statistical monitors of steps in the clinical laboratory total testing, have proliferated across the globe. Connections between structural and process laboratory measures and patient outcomes, however, have rarely been demonstrated. Methods: To inform further development of clinical laboratory quality systems, we conducted a selective but worldwide review of publications on clinical laboratory quality assessment...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471256/consensus-research-priorities-for-paediatric-status-epilepticus-a-delphi-study-of-health-consumers-researchers-and-clinicians
#11
Jeremy Furyk, Robin Ray, Kerriane Watt, Stuart R Dalziel, Ed Oakely, Mark Mackay, Gabriel Dabscheck, Kate Riney, Franz E Babl
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a paediatric emergency with significant morbidity and mortality. Recommendations beyond first line care are not based on high quality evidence. Emergency physicians and neurologists are key stakeholders in managing this condition. A collaborative, widely consulted approach to identifying priorities can help direct limited research funds appropriately. The objectives of this study are to identify consensus research priorities in paediatric SE among experts and health consumers...
February 5, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471007/risk-assessment-of-benzene-in-food-samples-of-iran-s-market
#12
Ali Heshmati, Sabah Ghadimi, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Francisco J Barba, Jose M Lorenzo, Fatemeh Nazemi, Yadolah Fakhri
The concentration of benzene in ninety-eight collected food and drink samples (carbonated beverage, fruit juice, pickle, lime juice, mayonnaise and salad dressing, 16 samples from each) from Iran local markets were investigated using gas chromatography equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Moreover, the correlation of benzene concentration with sodium benzoate and ascorbic acid concentrations was assessed. Benzene concentration in carbonated beverages, fruit juices, pickle, lime juices, mayonnaise and salad dressing were 3...
February 19, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470754/mitigation-measures-to-avert-the-impacts-of-plastics-and-microplastics-in-the-marine-environment-a-review
#13
Oluniyi Solomon Ogunola, Olawale Ahmed Onada, Augustine Eyiwunmi Falaye
The increasing demand for and reliance on plastics as an everyday item, and rapid rise in their production and subsequent indiscriminate disposal, rise in human population and industrial growth, have made the material an important environmental concern and focus of interest of many research. Historically, plastic production has increased tremendously to over 250 million tonnes by 2009 with an annual increased rate of 9%. In 2015, the global consumption of plastic materials was reported to be > 300 million tonnes and is expected to surge exponentially...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470689/the-nutritional-and-health-attributes-of-kiwifruit-a-review
#14
REVIEW
David P Richardson, Juliet Ansell, Lynley N Drummond
PURPOSE: To describe the nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit and the benefits relating to improved nutritional status, digestive, immune and metabolic health. The review includes a brief history of green and gold varieties of kiwifruit from an ornamental curiosity from China in the 19th century to a crop of international economic importance in the 21st century; comparative data on their nutritional composition, particularly the high and distinctive amount of vitamin C; and an update on the latest available scientific evidence from well-designed and executed human studies on the multiple beneficial physiological effects...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470389/a-walnut-enriched-diet-affects-gut-microbiome-in-healthy-caucasian-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Charlotte Bamberger, Andreas Rossmeier, Katharina Lechner, Liya Wu, Elisa Waldmann, Sandra Fischer, Renée G Stark, Julia Altenhofer, Kerstin Henze, Klaus G Parhofer
Regular walnut consumption is associated with better health. We have previously shown that eight weeks of walnut consumption (43 g/day) significantly improves lipids in healthy subjects. In the same study, gut microbiome was evaluated. We included 194 healthy subjects (134 females, 63 ± 7 years, BMI 25.1 ± 4.0 kg/m²) in a randomized, controlled, prospective, cross-over study. Following a nut-free run-in period, subjects were randomized to two diet phases (eight weeks each); 96 subjects first followed a walnut-enriched diet (43 g/day) and then switched to a nut-free diet, while 98 subjects followed the diets in reverse order...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470381/the-business-ethics-and-quality-cases-for-consumer-engagement-in-nursing
#16
Susan Hassmiller, Ani Bilazarian
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to illustrate the quality, safety, cost-effectiveness, and ethics of consumer engagement initiatives and identify promising practices and leadership strategies used by nursing leaders. METHODS: A literature review was performed with supplementary interviews conducted with 25 key nursing informants including nursing executives and chief nursing officers at acute care hospitals, community health centers, policy institutions, and quality and safety organizations...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469948/sensory-acceptability-of-iron-fortified-red-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-dal
#17
Rajib Podder, Shaan M Khan, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Chowdhury Jalal, Phyllis J Shand, Albert Vandenberg
Panelists in Saskatoon, Canada (n = 45) and Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 98) participated in sensory evaluations of the sensory properties of both cooked and uncooked dehulled red lentil dal fortified with FeSO4 ·7H2 O, NaFeEDTA or FeSO4 ·H2 O at fortificant Fe concentrations of 800, 1,600 (both cooked and uncooked), or 2,800 ppm. Appearance, odor, and overall acceptability of cooked and uncooked samples were rated using a 9-point hedonic scale (1 = dislike extremely to 9 = like extremely). Taste and texture were rated for the cooked samples prepared as typical south Asian lentil meals...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469617/are-energy-drinks-scapegoats-decomposing-teenagers-caffeine-intake-from-energy-drinks-and-soda-beverages
#18
Ofir Turel
BACKGROUND: Energy drinks have been repeatedly blamed for contributing to caffeine intake among teenagers. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate and compare the caffeine intake of US teenagers from soda drinks versus energy drinks and shots. METHODS: Data were taken from a 2015 nationally representative survey (Monitoring the Future) of 8th and 10th graders in the US (47.2% 8th grade; 51.1% female). Participants reported their numbers of consumed sodas, diet sodas, energy drinks, and energy shots per day...
February 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469025/sleep-duration-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-energy-drinks-among-adolescents
#19
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Hayley A Hamilton, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy drinks (EDs) among adolescents. METHODS: Data on 9,473 adolescents aged 11-20 years were obtained from the 2015 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a province-wide and cross-sectional school based survey of students in middle and high school. Respondents self-reported their sleep duration and consumption of SSBs and EDs...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468781/what-factors-predict-the-passage-of-state-level-e-cigarette-regulations
#20
Johanna Catherine Maclean, Melissa Oney, Joachim Marti, Jody Sindelar
E-cigarettes are controversial products. They may help addicted smokers to consume nicotine in a less harmful manner or to quit tobacco cigarettes entirely, but these products may also entice youth into smoking. This controversy complicates e-cigarette regulation as any regulation may lead to health improvements for some populations, and health declines for other populations. Using data from 2007 to 2016, we examine factors that are plausibly linked with U.S. state e-cigarette regulations. We find that less conservative states are more likely to regulate e-cigarettes and that states with stronger tobacco lobbies are less likely to regulate e-cigarettes...
February 22, 2018: Health Economics
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