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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735297/regulating-the-advertising-of-genetic-tests-in-europe-a-balancing-act
#1
REVIEW
Louiza Kalokairinou, Pascal Borry, Heidi Carmen Howard
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests (GT) have provoked criticism over their potential adverse impact on public health. The European Parliament called for a ban on DTC advertising of GT during the debate for the adoption of a European Regulation on in vitro diagnostic medical devices. This proposal, however, was not ultimately retained in the final text. Instead, the regulation includes an article prohibiting misleading claims for this kind of advertising. These two different approaches raise questions about the optimal degree of regulation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733233/estimation-of-dietary-intake-and-target-hazard-quotients-for-metals-by-consumption-of-wines-from-the-canary-islands
#2
Angel J Gutiérrez, Carmen Rubio, Isabel M Moreno, A Gustavo González, Dailos Gonzalez-Weller, Naouel Bencharki, Arturo Hardisson, Consuelo Revert
This paper describes the impact of mineral content on wines and assesses the potential health risk from consuming these wines from Canary Islands. The metal content (B, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Zn) of red wines belonging to different regions in the Canary Islands was determined by ICP-OES. The studied wine regions were Valle de la Orotava, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Ycoden-Daute-Isora, Abona and Valle de Güimar in Tenerife Island and only one in La Gomera and La Palma Islands. According to the content found, elements could be classified in two categories: the main group including Ca, K, Mg, Na, and the ''minor'' set consisting of B, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn...
July 18, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732074/who-uses-running-apps-and-sports-watches-determinants-and-consumer-profiles-of-event-runners-usage-of-running-related-smartphone-applications-and-sports-watches
#3
Mark Janssen, Jeroen Scheerder, Erik Thibaut, Aarnout Brombacher, Steven Vos
Individual and unorganized sports with a health-related focus, such as recreational running, have grown extensively in the last decade. Consistent with this development, there has been an exponential increase in the availability and use of electronic monitoring devices such as smartphone applications (apps) and sports watches. These electronic devices could provide support and monitoring for unorganized runners, who have no access to professional trainers and coaches. The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into the characteristics of event runners who use running-related apps and sports watches...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731633/australian-consumer-awareness-of-health-benefits-associated-with-vegetable-consumption
#4
Reetica Rekhy, Aila Khan, Jocelyn Eason, Hazel Mactavish-West, Carolyn Lister, Robyn Mcconchie
AIM: The present study investigated the perceived health benefits of specific vegetable consumption to guide the use of nutrition and health claims on vegetable marketing collateral. METHODS: Free elicitation and consumer ranking data were collected through an online survey of 1000 adults from across Australia and analysed for the perceived importance of vegetables in the daily diet, number of serves consumed per day, knowledge about health-related benefits of specific vegetables and perceived health benefits of vegetable consumption...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#5
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731297/smart-capsules-for-lead-removal-from-industrial-wastewater
#6
Bartosz Tylkowski, Renata Jastrząb
Ground and especially drinking water could be contaminated by heavy metal ions such as lead and chromium, or the metalloid arsenic, discarded from industrial wastewater. These heavy metal ions are regarded as highly toxic pollutants which could cause a wide range of health problems in case of a long-term accumulation in the body. Thus, there have been many efforts to reduce the concentration of lead ions in effluent wastewater. They have included the establishment of stringent permissible discharge levels and management policies, the application of various pollution-control technologies, and the development of adsorbent materials for lead reduction...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731294/the-bioinorganic-chemistry-of-lead-in-the-context-of-its-toxicity
#7
Wolfgang Maret
Owing to its abundance on earth and its multiple uses by humans, lead (Pb) is a major toxicant that has threatened human health for millennia and continues to do so. There is no safe level of exposure, necessitating a nuanced approach to its control in the food we consume, the water we drink, and the air we breathe. Turnover in soft tissues is within days. In contrast, lead accumulates in bone and turns over with a half-life of about 30 years, though it can be mobilized from bone under physiological and pathophysiological conditions of bone resorption...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730944/integrating-bioassays-and-analytical-chemistry-as-an-improved-approach-to-support-safety-assessment-of-food-contact-materials
#8
Julien Veyrand, Maricel Marin-Kuan, Claudine Bezencon, Nancy Frank, Violaine Guérin, Sander Koster, Hélia Latado, Julie Mollergues, Amaury Patin, Dominique Piguet, Patrick Serrant, Jesus Varela, Benoît Schilter
Food contact materials (FCM) contain chemicals which can migrate into food and result in human exposure. Although it is mandatory to ensure that migration does not endanger human health, there is still no consensus on how to pragmatically assess the safety of FCM since traditional approaches would require extensive toxicological and analytical testing which are expensive and time consuming. Recently, the combination of bioassays, analytical chemistry and risk assessment has been promoted as a new paradigm to identify toxicologically relevant molecules and address safety issues...
July 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#9
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730384/verifying-identities-of-plant-based-multivitamins-using-phytochemical-fingerprinting-in-combination-with-multiple-bioassays
#10
Yeni Lim, Yoon Hee Ahn, Jae Keun Yoo, Kyoung Sik Park, Oran Kwon
Sales of multivitamins have been growing rapidly and the concept of natural multivitamin, plant-based multivitamin, or both has been introduced in the market, leading consumers to anticipate additional health benefits from phytochemicals that accompany the vitamins. However, the lack of labeling requirements might lead to fraudulent claims. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop a strategy to verify identity of plant-based multivitamins. Phytochemical fingerprinting was used to discriminate identities...
July 20, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729812/what-are-interesterified-fats-and-should-we-be-worried-about-them-in-our-diet
#11
C E Mills, W L Hall, S E E Berry
Interesterified (IE) fats are used in a wide range of food products and were introduced as a replacement for trans fats, which are known to be detrimental to cardiovascular health. However, the effects of interesterification on metabolism and subsequent effects on cardiovascular health are not understood and previous studies have seldom investigated industrially-relevant IE fats. No legislation currently exists regarding the labelling of IE fats in food products and therefore estimates of average consumption rates in the UK population are currently unavailable...
June 2017: Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729786/association-of-oral-health-behavior-and-the-use-of-dental-services-with-oral-health-literacy-among-adults-in-tehran-iran
#12
Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Jorma I Virtanen, Reza Yazdani, Heikki Murtomaa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of oral health behavior (OHB) and the use of dental services with oral health literacy (OHL) among Iranian adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population study of a random sample of 1031 adults aged 18-65 in Tehran, Iran. We collected data on tooth brushing frequency, the consumption of sugary snacks and beverages, and time since last dental visit. To measure OHL, we used a validated OHL adults' questionnaire (OHL-AQ)...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728554/the-rise-and-fall-of-dental-therapy-in-canada-a-policy-analysis-and-assessment-of-equity-of-access-to-oral-health-care-for-inuit-and-first-nations-communities
#13
Victoria Leck, Glen E Randall
BACKGROUND: Inequality between most Canadians and those from Inuit and First Nations communities, in terms of both access to oral health care services and related health outcomes, has been a long-standing problem. Efforts to close this equity gap led to the creation of dental therapy training programs. These programs were designed to produce graduates who would provide services in rural and northern communities. The closure of the last dental therapy program in late 2011 has ended the supply of dental therapists and governments do not appear to have any alternative solutions to the growing gap in access to oral health care services between most Canadians and those from Inuit and First Nations communities...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728401/research-trends-in-outdoor-pig-production
#14
Hyun-Suk Park, Sang Hyon Oh
Since the industrialization of swine production in the late 1900s, swine farms in the United States, as well as in Europe, have largely become consolidated. Pig farms became larger in size but fewer in number, with 91% of market pigs being produced by large operations with 5,000 or more pigs on-site in the US, and only 3% of the total utilized agricultural land representing organic farming. Such change in the market made it difficult for small farmers to stay competitive, forcing them to find alternative ways to reduce the cost of production and increase profit using the outdoor production system...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728141/estimates-of-soil-ingestion-in-a-population-of-chinese-children
#15
Chunye Lin, Beibei Wang, Xiaoyong Cui, Dongqun Xu, Hongguang Cheng, Qin Wang, Jin Ma, Tuanyao Chai, Xiaoli Duan, Xitao Liu, Junwei Ma, Xuan Zhang, Yanzhong Liu
BACKGROUND: China's soil pollution poses serious health risks. However, data regarding the soil ingestion rate (SIR) of the Chinese population, which is critical to assessing associated health risks, are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We estimated soil ingestion of 177 Chinese children from Guangdong, Hubei, and Gansu Provinces. METHODS: We conducted this investigation by employing a tracer mass-balance method. We collected a duplicate of all food consumed and all feces and urine excreted on 1 d () and over 3 consecutive d (), as well as soil samples from play areas and drinking-water samples...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727506/nutritional-habits-and-performance-in-male-elite-wheelchair-basketball-players-during-a-precompetitive-period
#16
Amelia Ferro, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Javier Pérez, Lena Grams
Physical condition and an optimized diet are relevant to enhance performance and recovery. The diet composition and meal frequency of eleven elite wheelchair basketball players were estimated using a 3-day food-weighing diary in two months during the precompetitive-period. Performance was determined through a 20 m sprint test. The players consumed 4.2 ± 0.8 meals/day in May and 4.5 ± 0.9 meals/day in June, resulting in total energy intakes of 2492 ± 362 kcal/d and 2470 ± 497 kcal/d, respectively. The macronutrient distribution was 3...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727079/detection-of-dietary-dna-protein-and-glyphosate-in-meat-milk-and-eggs
#17
A L Van Eenennaam, A E Young
Products such as meat, milk, and eggs from animals that have consumed genetically engineered (GE) feed are not currently subject to mandatory GE labeling requirements. Some voluntary "non-genetically modified organism" labeling has been associated with such products, indicating that the animals were not fed GE crops, as there are no commercialized GE food animals. This review summarizes the available scientific literature on the detection of dietary DNA and protein in animal products and briefly discusses the implications of mandatory GE labeling for products from animals that have consumed GE feed...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727022/triennial-growth-and-development-symposium-genetics-and-breeding-for-intramuscular-fat-and-oleic-acid-content-in-pigs
#18
J Estany, R Ros-Freixedes, M Tor, R N Pena
The intramuscular fat (IMF) and oleic acid (OL) content have been favorably related to pork quality and human health. This influences the purchasing behavior of consumers and, therefore, also shifts the attention of breeding companies toward whether these traits are included into the breeding goal of the lines producing for high-valued markets. Because IMF and OL are unfavorably associated with lean content, a key economic trait, the real challenge for the industry is not simply to increase IMF and OL, but rather to come up with the right trade-off between them and lean content...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726744/future-protein-supply-and-demand-strategies-and-factors-influencing-a-sustainable-equilibrium
#19
REVIEW
Maeve Henchion, Maria Hayes, Anne Maria Mullen, Mark Fenelon, Brijesh Tiwari
A growing global population, combined with factors such as changing socio-demographics, will place increased pressure on the world's resources to provide not only more but also different types of food. Increased demand for animal-based protein in particular is expected to have a negative environmental impact, generating greenhouse gas emissions, requiring more water and more land. Addressing this "perfect storm" will necessitate more sustainable production of existing sources of protein as well as alternative sources for direct human consumption...
July 20, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726580/high-intensity-and-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-high-school-seniors-in-the-u-s
#20
Megan E Patrick, Philip T Veliz, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use poses threats to health, particularly among adolescents. These risks would be exacerbated to the extent that high-intensity drinking (e.g., 10+ drinks in a row) and marijuana use (e.g., 1+ joints per day) are associated with a higher likelihood of SAM use. The current study examines the extent to which the intensity of alcohol use and of marijuana use are associated with adolescent SAM use prevalence, and whether associations remain after controlling for key covariates known to associate with both alcohol and marijuana use; it identifies alcohol and marijuana use intensity levels associated with the highest risk of adolescent SAM use...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
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