keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Consumer health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667562/caregiver-perceptions-of-a-fruit-and-vegetable-prescription-programme-for-low-income-paediatric-patients
#1
Amy Saxe-Custack, Heather Claire Lofton, Mona Hanna-Attisha, Colleen Victor, Gwendolyn Reyes, Tiffany Ceja, Jenny LaChance
OBJECTIVE: The physical and social environments that surround children should support good health. However, challenges with food security and access prevent many children from consuming a healthy diet, which is critical to proper growth and development. The present study sought to gain a better understanding of primary care initiatives to address these issues in a low-income setting. DESIGN: Following the relocation of a paediatric clinic to a farmers' market building and the implementation of a fruit and vegetable prescription programme, researchers conducted thirty-two semi-structured interviews with caregivers...
April 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667387/dietary-supplements-%C3%A2-consumer-assessment-based-on-questionnaire-survey
#2
Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Beata Budzyńska, Marta Lis-Sochacka, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
INTRODUCTION: Dietary supplements (DS) are dietary products aiming only at diet complementation. Nevertheless, they are frequently used in treatment of various conditions since they are safer substitutes for medication. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of dietary supplements using by young people, their knowledge about the used substances, and the assessment of the effectiveness of DS by those who consumed these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted by the means of an anonymous questionnaire assessed the DS intake among subjects aged between 15 and 54...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667238/diet-quality-and-10-year-healthcare-costs-by-bmi-categories-in-the-mid-age-cohort-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#3
A Patterson, A Hure, T Burrows, J Jackson, C Collins
BACKGROUND: Better diets, as evaluated by diet quality indices, are associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although governments and researchers alike recognise the burden that obesity incurs for increased healthcare spending, there is insufficient evidence for the role of diet quality on healthcare costs. METHODS: Diet quality was assessed by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) for 6328 women aged 50-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667028/a-review-of-commercial-and-medical-grade-physiological-monitoring-devices-for-biofeedback-assisted-quality-of-life-improvement-studies
#4
Pedro Nogueira, Joana Urbano, Luís Paulo Reis, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Daniel Castro Silva, Ana Paula Rocha, Joaquim Gonçalves, Brígida Mónica Faria
With the rise in wearable technology and "health culture", we are seeing an increasing interest and affordances in studying how to not only prolong life expectancy but also in how to improve individuals' quality of life. On the one hand, this attempts to give meaning to the increasing life expectancy, as living above a certain threshold of pain and lack of autonomy or mobility is both degrading and unfair. On the other hand, it lowers the cost of continuous care, as individuals with high quality of life indexes tend to have lower hospital readmissions or secondary complications, not to mention higher physical and mental health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666797/development-and-implementation-of-a-perianesthetic-safety-checklist-in-a-veterinary-university-small-animal-teaching-hospital
#5
Gwennaëlle Menoud, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Claudia Spadavecchia, Mathieu Raillard
Introduction: The use of a surgical safety checklist is recommended by the World Health Organization and is associated with advantages: improved communication and reduced complications and mortality. Adapting checklists to the environment in which they are used improves their efficiency, but their implementation can be challenging. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a perianesthetic safety checklist for a small animal hospital. Materials and methods: A panel of eight anesthesia diplomates and seven residents and doctoral students were gathered...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666551/impact-of-new-ingredients-obtained-from-brewer-s-spent-yeast-on-bread-characteristics
#6
Z E Martins, O Pinho, I M P L V O Ferreira
The impact of bread fortification with β-glucans and with proteins/proteolytic enzymes from brewers' spent yeast on physical characteristics was evaluated. β-Glucans extraction from spent yeast cell wall was optimized and the extract was incorporated on bread to obtain 2.02 g β-glucans/100 g flour, in order to comply with the European Food Safety Authority guidelines. Protein/proteolytic enzymes extract from spent yeast was added to bread at 60 U proteolytic activity/100 g flour. Both β-glucans rich and proteins/proteolytic enzymes extracts favoured browning of bread crust...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666512/exploration-of-the-diversity-and-associated-health-benefits-of-traditional-pickles-from-the-himalayan-and-adjacent-hilly-regions-of-indian-subcontinent
#7
Rakhi Chakraborty, Swarnendu Roy
The Himalayas have provided shelter to the various communities for thousands of years and have remained the cradle for the origin of diverse cultures and traditions. The Himalayan belt is rich in biodiversity and have ushered mankind with numerous gifts for survival and existence. The art of pickling is believed to have developed independently among the different communities of this region. In this region, the main meal is supplemented with pickles or achar that not only adds flavour, but also enhances the value of the meal and often comes with inherent health benefits...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665483/absorption-of-arsenic-from-soil-and-water-by-two-chard-beta-vulgaris-l-varieties-a-potential-risk-to-human-health
#8
L M Yañez, J A Alfaro, G Bovi Mitre
The accumulation of arsenic (As) in vegetables poses a risk of contamination to humans via the food chain. Two chard (var. cicla and var. d'ampuis) crops were grown for 60 days in greenhouses on Aridisol soil, and irrigated with water from Pastos Chicos, Jujuy (Argentina). The soil and water used in the trial presented 49 and 1.44 mg/L As concentration levels, respectively. Total dry biomass (TDB) and total As were determined in soils, roots and leaves. The latter was quantified by atomic absorption spectrometry with hydride generation, and bioconcentration and translocation factors were determined...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664906/cigarette-smoking-is-a-risk-factor-for-the-onset-of-fatty-liver-disease-in-nondrinkers-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Masashi Okamoto, Teruki Miyake, Kohichiro Kitai, Shinya Furukawa, Shin Yamamoto, Hidenori Senba, Sayaka Kanzaki, Akiko Deguchi, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Toru Ishihara, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Osamu Yoshida, Masashi Hirooka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND: The effect of cigarette smoking on the onset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear, especially that associated with drinking small amounts of alcohol. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and NAFLD onset, which was stratified according to the amount of alcohol consumed. METHODS: We enrolled 7,905 Japanese subjects who had received annual health checkups more than twice between April 2003 and August 2013, 4,045 of whom met at least one of the following exclusion criteria and were excluded: (a) fatty liver at baseline; (b) hepatitis B or hepatitis C; (c) alcohol consumption (men: ≥210 g/wk; women: ≥140 g/wk); (d) change in alcohol drinking status between baseline and the study's endpoint; (e) change in cigarette smoking habits between baseline and the study's endpoint; or (f) current treatment with antidiabetic agents, antihypertensive agents, and/or lipid-lowering agents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663928/a-tiered-experimental-approach-for-characterization-and-silver-release-of-silver-containing-wound-dressings
#10
Liming Xu, Ru Bai, Xiang Cheng, Anliang Shao, Liang Chen, Shuxin Qu, Chunying Chen
Silver-containing dressings are widely used for wound care owing to their broad-spectrum microbicidal activity. However, the potential adverse effects on human health emerging from exposure to their active ingredients (silver ions or nanoparticles) have resulted in widespread concerns about their use. The release profiles of various chemical forms of silver (Ag) from silver-containing dressing are closely related to their bioavailability and potential adverse effects on the body. In this research, we demonstrated a tiered experimental approach for systematic characterization and assessment of silver-containing wound dressing, which provides information for risk assessments...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663801/identification-and-characterization-of-phenolic-compounds-in-black-walnut-kernels
#11
Danh Vu, Phuc Vo, Mark Coggeshall, Chung-Ho Lin
Black walnuts ( Juglans nigra L.) are highly valued for producing phenolic-enriched nuts. The objectives of this study were to identify and characterize phenolic contents of eleven different black walnut cultivars and compare the levels of these phenolics between black walnuts and English walnut ( Juglans regia L.). Totally, 16 phenolics including phenolic acids, flavonoids, and catechins were identified in the black walnut kernels, with ellagic acid predominating over the other phenolics. Significant differences were noted for the levels of quinic acid, gallic acid, 1,3,6-trigalloylglucose, catechin, and penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose between the studied black walnuts and English walnut...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663658/understanding-consumers-initial-expectations-of-community-based-residential-mental-health-rehabilitation-in-the-context-of-past-experiences-of-care-a-mixed-methods-pragmatic-grounded-theory-analysis
#12
Stephen Parker, Carla Meurk, Ellie Newman, Clayton Fletcher, Isabella Swinson, Frances Dark
This study explores how consumers expect community-based residential mental health rehabilitation to compare with previous experiences of care. Understanding what consumers hope to receive from mental health services, and listening to their perspectives about what has and has not worked in previous care settings, may illuminate pathways to improved service engagement and outcomes. A mixed-methods research design taking a pragmatic approach to grounded theory guided the analysis of 24 semi-structured interviews with consumers on commencement at three Community Care Units (CCUs) in Australia...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662915/patient-perspectives-of-midlevel-providers-in-orthopaedic-sports-medicine
#13
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Charles P Hannon, Michael L Redondo, David R Christian, Brian Forsythe, Shane J Nho, Bernard R Bach
Background: Midlevel providers (eg, nurse practitioners and physician assistants) have been integrated into orthopaedic systems of care in response to the increasing demand for musculoskeletal care. Few studies have examined patient perspectives toward midlevel providers in orthopaedic sports medicine. Purpose: To identify perspectives of orthopaedic sports medicine patients regarding midlevel providers, including optimal scope of practice, reimbursement equity with physicians, and importance of the physician's midlevel provider to patients when initially selecting a physician...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661752/a-novel-information-retrieval-tool-to-find-hospital-care-team-members-development-and-usability-study
#14
Kyle Morawski, Craig Monsen, Sukhjit Takhar, Adam Landman
BACKGROUND: Hospital communication among members of a patient's care team is a central part of clinical workflow and consumes a large amount of a health care provider's time. Oftentimes the complexity of hospital care leads to difficulty in finding the appropriate contact, which can lead to inefficiencies and frustration. Squire is a Web-based information retrieval app created to improve the speed and efficiency in reaching the appropriate team member during the care of a hospitalized patient...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661189/origins-in-the-usa-in-the-1980s-of-the-warning-that-smokeless-tobacco-is-not-a-safe-alternative-to-cigarettes-a-historical-documents-based-assessment-with-implications-for-comparative-warnings-on-less-harmful-tobacco-nicotine-products
#15
Lynn T Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Before the 1980s in the USA, smokeless tobacco carried no health warnings, was not judged to cause disease, and was a declining practice. In 1986, the federal government passed legislation requiring rotating warnings on "mouth cancer," "gum disease and tooth loss," and "This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes." This paper explores the history of the establishment of these warnings with emphasis on the 'not a safe alternative' warning and the bases for claiming that smokeless was 'not safe' (absolute harm) versus 'not safer than cigarettes' (relative harm)...
April 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660828/storage-stability-of-dietary-nitrate-and-phenolic-compounds-in-beetroot-beta-vulgaris-and-arugula-eruca-sativa-juices
#16
Karen A Corleto, Jashbir Singh, G K Jayaprakasha, Bhimanagouda S Patil
Nitrate and polyphenols from the diet may enhance the production and bioavailability of nitric oxide, a radical signaling molecule critical for cardiovascular health. Understanding the stability of these bioactives in beetroot and arugula juices is important for their functions. In this study, the stability of nitrate and phenolics in beetroot and arugula juices was measured for 32 days at different temperatures (25, 4, -20, and -80 °C). The levels of nitrate were measured by reversed-phase HPLC and initial levels were found to be 4965...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660100/assessment-of-iodine-nutritional-status-of-school-age-children-in-kolkata-district-of-west-bengal-state-in-post-iodation-scenario
#17
Udayan Bhattacharya, Amar K Chandra
To evaluate the state of iodine nutrition in post-iodation scenario, 3500 children were examined clinically for endemic goitre. Iodine and thiocyanate were measured in 240 urine samples; iodine content in 210 salt samples was measured. Total goitre prevalence was 6.1%. Median urinary iodine level was 21.80 µg/dl, and mean (±SD) urinary thiocyanate was 0.89 ± 0.49 mg/dl. Iodine content of only 11.9% salt samples was below recommended level of 15 ppm, 25.2% was between 15 and 30 ppm and 62.9% was >30 ppm...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660079/completion-task-to-uncover-consumer-s-perception-a-case-study-using-distinct-types-of-hen-s-eggs
#18
C A B Sass, S Kuriya, G V da Silva, H L A Silva, A G da Cruz, E A Esmerino, M Q Freitas
The choice and consumption of eggs are made considering a consumers' multidimensional perception, and their understanding becomes essential to the production targeting and the products' success in the market. In this context, this work aimed to verify the consumers' perception about the distinct types of hens' eggs, using a projective technique of completion task combined with presentation of images. A hundred consumers (n = 100) evaluated the main factors, both positive and negative, involved at the purchase time of eggs besides estimating their price...
April 5, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659967/carbohydrate-replacement-of-rice-or-potato-with-lentils-reduces-the-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-healthy-adults-in-an-acute-randomized-crossover-trial
#19
Dita Moravek, Alison M Duncan, Laura B VanderSluis, Sarah J Turkstra, Erica J Rogers, Jessica M Wilson, Aileen Hawke, D Dan Ramdath
Background: The postprandial blood glucose response (PBGR) following carbohydrate replacement of high-glycemic index (GI) foods with pulses, in a mixed meal, has not been accurately defined. Objective: We aimed to determine the extent to which PBGR and relative glycemic response (RGR) are lowered when half of the available carbohydrate (AC) from rice or potato is replaced with cooked lentils. Methods: Using a crossover design, 2 groups of 24 healthy adults randomly consumed 50 g AC from control white rice alone [mean ± SD body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2): 24...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659694/nutritional-genomics-and-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-an-overview
#20
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Hassan S Dashti, Jordi Merino
The increasing prevalence in polygenic diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes, observed over the past few decades is more likely linked to a rapid transition in lifestyle rather than to changes in the sequence of the nuclear genome. In the new era of precision medicine, nutritional genomics holds the promise to be translated into tailored nutritional strategies to prevent and manage polygenic diseases more effectively. Nutritional genomics aims to prevent, treat, and manage polygenic diseases through targeted therapies formulated from individuals' genetic makeup and dietary intake...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
keyword
keyword
8003
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"