keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgery pediatric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804898/epilepsy-surgery-of-low-grade-epilepsy-associated-neuroepithelial-tumors-a-retrospective-nationwide-italian-study
#1
Marco Giulioni, Gianluca Marucci, Veronica Pelliccia, Francesca Gozzo, Carmen Barba, Giuseppe Didato, Flavio Villani, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Pier Paolo Quarato, Vincenzo Esposito, Alessandro Consales, Matteo Martinoni, Gianfranco Vornetti, Corrado Zenesini, Carlo Efisio Marras, Nicola Specchio, Luca De Palma, Raffaele Rocchi, Flavio Giordano, Giovanni Tringali, Paolo Nozza, Gabriella Colicchio, Guido Rubboli, Giorgio Lo Russo, Renzo Guerrini, Paolo Tinuper, Francesco Cardinale, Massimo Cossu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude and results of Italian epilepsy surgery centers in the surgical management of "low grade epilepsy associated neuroepithelial tumors" (LEATs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 339 consecutive patients with LEATs who underwent surgery between January 2009 and June 2015 at eight Italian epilepsy surgery centers. We compared demographic, clinical, pathologic, and surgical features of patients with favorable (Engel class I) and unfavorable (Engel class II, III, and IV) seizure outcome...
August 14, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803261/advantages-in-prognosis-of-adult-patients-with-ewing-sarcoma-11-years-experiences-and-current-treatment-management
#2
Dagmar Adamkova Krakorova, Katerina Kubackova, Ladislav Dusek, Tomas Tomas, Pavel Janicek, Stepan Tucek, Jana Prausova, Igor Kiss, Iva Zambo
Ewing sarcoma (ES) is an exceptionally rare tumor in adults. Data regarding outcomes of adult patients with ES and experiences with age-adapted therapeutic strategies are very limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors and clinical outcome in a cohort of adult patients treated according to pediatric protocols in the Czech Republic. The records of 58 adult ES patients diagnosed between 2002 and 2013 were reviewed and factors relevant to prognosis and survival were analyzed. The median age of study cohort was 29 years (range, 18-59)...
August 12, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802643/update-on-urinary-stones-in-children-current-and-future-concepts-in-surgical-treatment-and-shockwave-lithotripsy
#3
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas Tailly, Paolo Caione
CONTEXT: Miniaturized instrumentation used for endoscopic treatment of urinary stone disease in children has been readily adopted in clinical practice. However, there is a need to optimize and individualize the surgical approach according to the patient's age, body habitus, and stone characteristics. Promising novel equipment and techniques will continue to advance the surgical care of these children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding surgical and shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment of urinary stone disease in children and provide an overview on future treatment innovations...
August 9, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802595/variability-in-opioid-prescribing-for-children-undergoing-ambulatory-surgery-in-the-united-states
#4
William C Van Cleve, Eliot B Grigg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We attempted to describe the opioid prescribing patterns for ambulatory pediatric surgery in the United States from 2007 to 2014. DESIGN: Retrospective database review. SETTING: Operating room ambulatory encounters as determined by the Truven Health Marketscan Commercial Claims and Encounters database. PATIENTS: A total of 929,874 ambulatory surgical encounters were identified in patients <18years of age and, of these, 439,286 encounters generated an analgesic prescription...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802390/pediatric-head-and-neck-bone-sarcomas-an-analysis-of-204-cases
#5
Jacob S Brady, Sei Y Chung, Emily Marchiano, Jean Anderson Eloy, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the demographics, survival, and treatment efficacy of pediatric sarcomas of the facial skeleton and skull. METHODS: Retrospective study of cases from the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Pediatric patients between the ages of 0 and 18 diagnosed with a malignant sarcoma of either the mandible or the bones of skull, face, and associated joints from 1973 to 2013 were studied. RESULTS: In total, 204 patients were included in the analysis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802384/retrospective-study-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-as-a-prophylactic-against-emergence-delirium-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-ear-tube-surgery
#6
Lisgelia Santana, Katherine Mills
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of intranasal dexmedetomidine on emergence delirium (ED) in pediatric patients who underwent ear tube surgeries. Due to the brief nature of the surgery and low levels of pain experienced, an IV is rarely needed, limiting the medications available to anesthesiologists to manage postoperative delirium that may arise during recovery from inhalational anesthesia. Intravenous dexmedetomidine is an alpha-2 agonist anesthetic that is used in pediatric patients for the management of ED in various surgical procedures...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800052/pediatric-post-anesthesia-care-unit-discharge-criteria-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Mary Ryals, Michelle Palokas
The objectives of this review are to explore existing literature on discharge criteria, tools and strategies utilized in pediatric post-anesthesia care units (PACUs) after outpatient surgery, examine and conceptually map the evidence, and identify gaps in the literature.Specifically, the review question is: what criteria, tools and strategies are being used in pediatric PACUs for discharge?
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797578/accuracy-of-laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-pediatric-scald-wounds
#8
Robin Mirdell, Simon Farnebo, Folke Sjöberg, Erik Tesselaar
BACKGROUND: Changes in microvascular perfusion in scalds in children during the first four days, measured with laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI), are related to the time to healing and need for surgical intervention. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of LSCI on different days after injury in the prediction of healing outcome and if the accuracy can be improved by combining an early and a late measurement. Also, the accuracy of LSCI was compared with that of clinical assessment...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797015/pediatric-orbital-blowout-fractures
#9
Stella Y Chung, Paul D Langer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current study reviews the recent literature on pediatric orbital blowout fractures and provides guidelines on their management. RECENT FINDINGS: The most common problem among patients requiring surgical revision of a previously repaired orbital floor fracture is an improperly placed orbital floor implant, usually erroneously placed under the posterior bony ledge. Although the transconjunctival incision can be combined with a lateral canthotomy and cantholysis, excellent surgical exposure can be obtained without the need for these latter relaxing maneuvers...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796070/clinical-characteristics-of-meckel-diverticulum-in-children-a-retrospective-review-of-a-15-year-single-center-experience
#10
Xiao-Kun Lin, Xiao-Zhong Huang, Xiao-Zhou Bao, Na Zheng, Qiong-Zhang Xia, Cong-de Chen
Meckel diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract in children. The aim of this study was to review and analyze clinical data on the diagnosis and management of Meckel diverticulum in pediatric patients. The records of 102 pediatric patients (<14 years old) who underwent surgery for Meckel diverticulum at our institute between 2001 and 2015 were reviewed. Clinical, imaging, laboratory, surgical, and pathological data were recorded. The series comprised 65 males and 37 females with a median age of 5...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#11
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795197/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-in-a%C3%A2-child-with-acute-upper-respiratory-infection-a%C3%A2-case-report
#12
T Ergönenç, H Can, S Gökhan Beyaz
The brachial plexus is commonly blocked at the interscalene level for shoulder and proximal humeral surgery. There are only a few publications about the interscalene technique in pediatric patients for a peripheral nerve block. Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block has become increasingly more popular for pediatric patients because of high success rates and safety concerns. We used ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block in an 18-month-old child with an acute upper respiratory infection who had a supracondylar fracture of the humerus...
August 9, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794910/first-report-of-two-rare-entities-in-a-family-49-xxxxy-and-45-x
#13
Yavuz Şahin, Aysegül Özcan
49,XXXXY and 45,X syndromes are sex chromosome aneuploidies in which the affected individuals present with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, short or long stature, and skeletal malformations. Psychological, endocrinological, and orthopaedic disorders constitute the major problems in the clinical follow-up. We report a family with two rare entities: 49,XXXXY and 45, X. Sex chromosome abnormalities should especially be in mind in the evaluation of patients with micropenis, mental retardation, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792662/comparing-oncologic-outcomes-after-minimally-invasive-and-open-surgery-for-pediatric-neuroblastoma-and-wilms-tumor
#14
Brian Ezekian, Brian R Englum, Brian C Gulack, Kristy L Rialon, Jina Kim, Lindsay J Talbot, Obinna O Adibe, Jonathan C Routh, Elisabeth T Tracy, Henry E Rice
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been widely adopted for common operations in pediatric surgery; however, its role in childhood tumors is limited by concerns about oncologic outcomes. We compared open and MIS approaches for pediatric neuroblastoma and Wilms tumor (WT) using a national database. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base from 2010 to 2012 was queried for cases of neuroblastoma and WT in children ≤21 years old. Children were classified as receiving open or MIS surgery for definitive resection, with clinical outcomes compared using a propensity matching methodology (two open:one MIS)...
August 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791240/critical-arrhythmia-in-postoperative-cardiac-children-recognition-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Mohamed Salim Kabbani, Hayan Al Taweel, Nasib Kabbani, Saleh Al Ghamdi
Arrhythmias after pediatric cardiac surgery are common and can be life-threatening. They occur intraoperatively or may appear shortly after surgery during postoperative care. They require early management and specific intervention. In this review, we describe important critical arrhythmias that are encountered during postoperative management of children undergoing cardiac surgery. We review the diagnosis, management, and explain the role of epicardial electrocardiogram in diagnosing certain types of postoperative rhythm abnormalities seen during early period after pediatric cardiac surgery...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790217/-an-elderly-patient-with-pilocytic-astrocytoma-operated-on-14-years-after-initial-detection-a-case-study
#16
Naoyuki Isobe, Takeshi Nishimoto, Takeshi Ueda
Pilocytic astrocytomas are found predominantly in the pediatric population and are extremely rare in elderly patients. We describe a case of pilocytic astrocytoma in an elderly patient who presented with the symptoms of an enlarged tumoral cyst. A 70-year-old woman was found to have an asymptomatic small solid tumor with a cystic component in the right frontal lobe at "Ningen Dock(medical checkup)of the Brain". She was hospitalized and underwent further examinations including cerebral angiography. At that time, she was opposed to undergoing an operation for tumor removal owing to lack of symptoms...
August 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782373/correlating-resting-state-functional-mri-connectivity-by-independent-component-analysis-based-epileptogenic-zones-with-intracranial-eeg-localized-seizure-onset-zones-and-surgical-outcomes-in-prospective-pediatric-intractable-epilepsy-study
#17
Varina Boerwinkle, Deepankar Mohanty, Stephen Foldes, Danielle Guffey, Charles G Minard, Lucia Mirea, Aditya Vedantam, Jeffery S Raskin, Sandi Lam, Margaret Bond, P David Adelson, Angus A Wilfong, Daniel J Curry
OBJECTIVE: Prospective investigation determining agreement between the epileptogenic zone(s) (EZ) localization by resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and the seizure onset zone(s) (SOZ) identified by intracranial EEG (ic-EEG) using novel differentiating and ranking criteria of rs-fMRI abnormal independent components in a consecutive heterogeneous pediatric intractable epilepsy population prospectively was conducted. METHODS: The EZ criteria were developed from an initial cohort of 350 patients evaluated for epilepsy surgery over a 3-year period...
August 7, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782193/resident-responses-to-after-hours-otolaryngology-patient-phone-calls-an-overlooked-aspect-of-residency-training
#18
Ashton E Lehmann, Elliott D Kozin, Rosh K V Sethi, Kevin Wong, Brian M Lin, Stacey T Gray, Michael J Cunningham
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Otolaryngology residents are often responsible for triaging after-hours patient calls. However, residents receive little training on this topic. Data are limited on the clinical content, reporting, and management of otolaryngology patient calls. This study aimed to characterize the patient concerns residents handle by phone and their subsequent management and reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Five hundred consecutive after-hours patient calls in a tertiary pediatric hospital were reviewed...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782157/initial-clinical-experiences-with-novel-diagonal-ecls-system-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients
#19
Yildiz Okan, Haydin Sertac, Ozturk Erkut, Kasar Taner, Onan I Selen, Altin H Firat, Cine Nihat, Ayyildiz Pelin, Erkan Halime, Guzeltas Alper
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) provides mechanical support following cardiac surgery when respiratory or cardiac failure occurs. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and feasibility of the Medos Deltastream diagonal pump (DP3) ECLS system in pediatric cardiac patients. We described the technical considerations and risk factors related to the survival outcomes in 102 pediatric cardiac patients who received ECLS support between March 2011 and April 2016. We switched from the DP2 system, which was used for the initial 25 patients, to the DP3 system after November 2012...
August 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781917/long-term-recurrence-of-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-clinical-case-report
#20
Daniel A Tonetti, William J Ares, R Mark Richardson, Ronald L Hamilton, Frank S Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are rare, benign brain neoplasms that typically arise in children and adolescents and classically present with intractable, partial complex seizures. DNETs are classically associated with a favorable prognosis after complete surgical resection. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a case of long-term recurrence of a DNET, which initially resected and diagnosed as an oligodendroglioma prior to the recognition of DNETs...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
keyword
keyword
80024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"