keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dementia research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332552/practitioner-views-on-the-impacts-challenges-and-barriers-in-supporting-older-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#1
Hannah Bows
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersection between age and sexual violence drawing on interviews with 23 practitioners supporting older survivors (aged 60 and over). They reported physical and emotional effects of sexual violence leading to limited lifestyles, disengagement from social networks, and reliance on pathogenic coping strategies...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332051/the-impact-of-music-on-the-self-in-dementia
#2
Amee Baird, William Forde Thompson
In this review, we consider how the onset and progression of dementia can disrupt one's sense of self, and propose that music is an ideal tool for alleviating this distressing symptom. Various aspects of the self can be impaired in people with dementia, depending on how the self is defined. There are anecdotal reports that music can 'bring people back to themselves' in the face of dementia, but there have been scarce empirical investigations of this topic. Motivated by a consideration of the existing literature, we outline a novel theoretical framework that accounts for the relationship between music and the self in people with dementia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330839/peripheral-blood-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-as-a-biomarker-of-alzheimer-s-disease-are-there-methodological-biases
#3
REVIEW
Marta Balietti, Cinzia Giuli, Fiorenzo Conti
Mounting evidence that alterations in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels and signaling may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has suggested that its blood levels could be used as a biomarker of the disease. However, higher, lower, or unchanged circulating BDNF levels have all been described in AD patients compared to healthy controls. Although the reasons for such different findings are unclear, methodological issues are likely to be involved. The heterogeneity of participant recruitment criteria and the lack of control of variables that influence circulating BDNF levels regardless of dementia (depressive symptoms, medications, lifestyle, lack of overlap between serum and plasma, and experimental aspects) are likely to bias result and prevent study comparability...
January 13, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330235/primary-care-physician-perspectives-about-antipsychotics-and-other-medications-for-symptoms-of-dementia
#4
J William Kerns, Jonathan D Winter, Katherine M Winter, Terry Boyd, Rebecca S Etz
BACKGROUND: Guidelines, policies, and warnings have been applied to reduce the use of medications for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Because of rare dangerous side effects, antipsychotics have been singled out in these efforts. However, antipsychotics are still prescribed "off label" to hundreds of thousands of seniors residing in nursing homes and communities. Our objective was to evaluate how and why primary-care physicians (PCPs) employ nonpharmacologic strategies and drugs for BPSD...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329059/amyloid-burden-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Stephanie Perin, Karra D Harrington, Yen Ying Lim, Kathryn Ellis, David Ames, Robert H Pietrzak, Adrian Schembri, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Olivier Salvado, Simon M Laws, Ralph N Martins, Victor L Villemagne, Christopher C Rowe, Colin L Masters, Paul Maruff
BACKGROUND: Relationships between depression and Alzheimer's disease (AD) may become clearer if studied in preclinical AD where dementia is not present. METHOD: The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively, relationships between brain amyloid-β (Aβ), depressive symptoms and screen positive depression in cognitively normal (CN) older adults. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDS-15) in CN adults from the Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study without depression at baseline and classified as having abnormally high (Aβ+; n = 136) or low (Aβ-; n = 449) Aβ according to positron emission tomography at 18-month intervals over 72 months...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327604/strategies-to-improve-recruitment-of-people-with-dementia-to-research-studies
#6
Ruth Bartlett, Richard Milne, Rebecca Croucher
Background Low participation in research is one of the key challenges to advancing understanding of dementia, and improving the care and treatment of those who live with this condition. Nurses and nurse researchers play a vital role in recruiting people with dementia to studies, as several countries including the United States and the United Kingdom set national targets and develop initiatives to encourage more people with dementia to take part in research. Aim To highlight the challenges to recruiting people with dementia to studies, and to identify strategies that nurses, and in particular, nurse researchers can use for overcoming them...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325531/costs-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#7
S L Harrison, L Kouladjian O'Donnell, R Milte, S M Dyer, E S Gnanamanickam, C Bradley, E Liu, S N Hilmer, M Crotty
BACKGROUND: The potential harms of some medications may outweigh their potential benefits (inappropriate medication use). Despite recommendations to avoid the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in older adults, the prevalence of PIM use is high in different settings including residential aged care. However, it remains unclear what the costs of these medications are in this setting. The main objective of this study was to determine the costs of PIMs in older adults living in residential care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325105/predictors-of-secondary-role-strains-among-spousal-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-functional-disability
#8
Courtney A Polenick, Nicole DePasquale
Background and Objectives: Aging spouses commonly care for a partner with functional disability, but little is known about how spousal caregiving may impact different life domains. This study evaluated how caregiving characteristics are associated with secondary role strains among spousal caregivers. Research Design and Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 367 spousal caregivers and their partners from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving...
January 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323302/typhoid-vaccine-dementia-research-and-discrimination-in-science
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322577/i-just-can-t-please-them-all-and-stay-sane-adult-child-caregivers-experiences-of-family-dynamics-in-care-giving-for-a-parent-with-dementia-in-australia
#10
Gemma Tatangelo, Marita McCabe, Ashley Macleod, Anastasia Konis
Family caregivers of people with dementia who live within the community often experience stress and poor quality of life due to their care-giving role. While there are many factors that affect this, one influential factor is the family context. This study focussed on adult child caregivers. It examined the specific ways that family dynamics contribute to adult child caregivers' distress in the context of caring for a parent with dementia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 participants who were adult child primary caregivers for a parent with dementia who was living within the community...
January 11, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319920/employee-attitudes-toward-aggression-in-persons-with-dementia-readiness-for-wider-adoption-of-person-centered-frameworks
#11
Vanessa Louise Burshnic, Natalie Douglas, Robert Michael Barker
INTRODUCTION: Implementing person-centered care requires shared attitudes, beliefs, and values among all care employees. Existing research has failed to examine the attitudes of non-nursing employees. AIM: This study examined attitudes toward aggression among nursing and non-nursing employees to address gaps in existing research and assess readiness for wider adoption of person-centered frameworks. METHOD: The Management of Aggression in People with Dementia Attitude Questionnaire was used to survey attitudes of employees in Michigan-based nursing homes...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319813/testing-the-implementation-of-the-veder-contact-method-a-theatre-based-communication-method-in-dementia-care
#12
Petra Boersma, Julia C M van Weert, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Berno van Meijel, Rose-Marie Dröes
Background and Objectives: There is a lack of research on implementation of person-centered care in nursing home care. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of the Veder contact method (VCM), a new person-centered method using theatrical, poetic and musical communication for application in 24-hr care. Research Design and Methods: Caregivers (n = 136) and residents (n = 141) participated in a 1-year quasi-experimental study. Foundation Theater Veder implemented VCM on six experimental wards and rated implementation quality...
January 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319603/population-neuroscience-dementia-epidemiology-serving-precision-medicine-and-population-health
#13
Mary Ganguli, Emiliano Albanese, Sudha Seshadri, David A Bennett, Constantine Lyketsos, Walter A Kukull, Ingmar Skoog, Hugh C Hendrie
Over recent decades, epidemiology has made significant contributions to our understanding of dementia, translating scientific discoveries into population health. Here, we propose reframing dementia epidemiology as "population neuroscience," blending techniques and models from contemporary neuroscience with those of epidemiology and biostatistics. On the basis of emerging evidence and newer paradigms and methods, population neuroscience will minimize the bias typical of traditional clinical research, identify the relatively homogenous subgroups that comprise the general population, and investigate broader and denser phenotypes of dementia and cognitive impairment...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318004/poly-de-prescribing-to-treat-polypharmacy-efficacy-and-safety
#14
Doron Garfinkel
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of poly-de-prescribing (PDP) based on the Garfinkel method in older people with polypharmacy. Methods: A longitudinal, prospective, nonrandomized study in Israel was carried out between 2009 and 2016. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were performed at home in people age ⩾66 years consuming ⩾6 prescription drugs. Exclusion criteria were life expectancy <6 months and a seeming unwillingness to cooperate (poor compliance)...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315202/the-effects-of-white-noise-on-agitated-behaviors-mental-status-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-older-adults-with-dementia
#15
Li-Wei Lin, Shu-Chuan Weng, Hua-Shan Wu, Lu-Jen Tsai, Ya-Ling Lin, Shu-Hui Yeh
BACKGROUND: The aging of society is a global trend, and care of older adults with dementia is an urgent challenge. As dementia progresses, patients exhibit negative emotions, memory disorders, sleep disorders, and agitated behavior. Agitated behavior is one of the most difficult problems for family caregivers and healthcare providers to handle when caring for older adults with dementia. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of white noise in improving agitated behavior, mental status, and activities of daily living in older adults with dementia...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313420/knowledge-of-dementia-among-the-australian-health-workforce-a-national-online-survey
#16
Michael J Annear
Dementia is a leading cause of death and disability in Australia. This research evaluated dementia knowledge and educational needs among the Australian health workforce. An online version of the validated Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS) was administered with a random sample of 234 health professionals across eight Australian states. Respondents provided additional self-report data concerning dementia experiences, educational needs, and demographic information. Dementia knowledge deficiencies were identified concerning risk factors, prevalent typologies of the condition, and cognitive symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305782/an-empirical-comparison-of-the-measurement-properties-of-the-eq-5d-5l-demqol-u-and-demqol-proxy-u-for-older-people-in-residential-care
#17
Tiffany Easton, Rachel Milte, Maria Crotty, Julie Ratcliffe
PURPOSE: This study aimed to empirically compare the measurement properties of self-reported and proxy-reported (in cases of severe cognitive impairment) generic (EQ-5D-5L) and condition-specific (DEMQOL-U and DEMQOL-Proxy-U) preference-based HRQoL instruments in residential care, where the population is characterised by older people with high rates of cognitive impairment, dementia and disability. METHODS: Participants were recruited from seventeen residential care facilities across four Australian states...
January 5, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305437/dementia-in-latin-america-assessing-the-present-and-envisioning-the-future
#18
REVIEW
Mario A Parra, Sandra Baez, Ricardo Allegri, Ricardo Nitrini, Francisco Lopera, Andrea Slachevsky, Nilton Custodio, David Lira, Olivier Piguet, Fiona Kumfor, David Huepe, Patricia Cogram, Thomas Bak, Facundo Manes, Agustin Ibanez
The demographic structure of Latin American countries (LAC) is fast approaching that of developing countries, and the predicted prevalence of dementia in the former already exceeds the latter. Dementia has been declared a global challenge, yet regions around the world show differences in both the nature and magnitude of such a challenge. This article provides evidence and insights on barriers which, if overcome, would enable the harmonization of strategies to tackle the dementia challenge in LAC. First, we analyze the lack of available epidemiologic data, the need for standardizing clinical practice and improving physician training, and the existing barriers regarding resources, culture, and stigmas...
January 5, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305061/a-refined-concept-%C3%AE-synuclein-dysregulation-disease
#19
REVIEW
Hideki Mochizuki, Chi-Jing Choong, Eliezer Masliah
α-synuclein (αSyn) still remains a mysterious protein even two decades after SNCA encoding it was identified as the first causative gene of familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Accumulation of αSyn causes α-synucleinopathies including PD, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Recent advances in therapeutic approaches offer new antibody-, vaccine-, antisense-oligonucleotide- and small molecule-based options to reduce αSyn protein levels and aggregates in patient's brain. Gathering research information of other neurological disease particularly Alzheimer's disease, recent disappointment of an experimental amyloid plaques busting antibody in clinical trials underscores the difficulty of treating people who show even mild dementia as damage in their brain may already be too extensive...
January 2, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304748/revisiting-the-link-between-cognitive-decline-and-masticatory-dysfunction
#20
Chia-Shu Lin
Age-related decline in cognitive functions and dementia are major challenges in geriatric healthcare. Accumulating evidence from clinical, epidemiological and animal research suggests that tooth loss may be a risk factor for the decline of cognitive functions. This issue highlights the role of the brain-stomatognathic axis in geriatric medicine. Whether input from the stomatognathic apparatus can affect the brain remains an open debate. By revisiting the evidence published in the past five years, we argue that the hypothesis regarding the association between cognitive decline and masticatory dysfunction should be carefully interpreted...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
keyword
keyword
80020
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"