keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peroneus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127611/tacrolimus-as-an-adjunct-to-autologous-minced-muscle-grafts-for-the-repair-of-a-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury
#1
Benjamin T Corona, Jessica C Rivera, Joseph C Wenke, Sarah M Greising
BACKGROUND: Volumetric muscle loss (VML) following extremity orthopaedic trauma or surgery results in chronic functional deficits and disability. A current translational approach to address the devastating functional limitations due to VML injury is the use of an autologous minced muscle graft (~1 mm(3) pieces of muscle tissue) replacement into the injured defect area, although limitations related to donor site morbidity are still unaddressed. This study was designed to explore adjunct pharmacological immunomodulation to enhance graft efficacy and promote muscle function following VML injury, and thereby reduce the amount of donor tissue required...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121509/modifications-in-lower-leg-muscle-activation-when-walking-barefoot-or-in-minimalist-shoes-across-different-age-groups
#2
Simon Franklin, François-Xavier Li, Michael J Grey
Ageing is associated with a decline in muscle strength and impaired sensory mechanisms which contribute to an increased risk of falls. Walking barefooted has been suggested to promote increased muscle strength and improved proprioceptive sensibility through better activation of foot and ankle musculature. Minimalist footwear has been marketed as a method of reaping the suggested benefits of barefoot walking whilst still providing a protective surface. The aim of this study was to investigate if walking barefoot or in minimalist footwear provokes increased muscle activation compared to walking in conventional footwear...
October 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100184/does-a-not-so-recent-ankle-sprain-influence-interjoint-coordination-during-walking
#3
Philippe Dedieu, Rima Chamoun, Guilhaume Lacaud, Thibault Moulinat, Maxime Queron, Pier-Giorgio Zanone
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are common joint injuries in daily and sports activities, whose underlying mechanisms have been amply studied. If joint structures are directly damaged, neuromuscular activity can be affected, particularly in the time domain. This study aims to establish whether previous ankle injury correlates with changes in the inter-joint synergy of the entire lower limb and in the muscle activity pattern during walking. METHODS: Three-dimensional walking-gait analysis was conducted on twenty-four adults...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081863/chronic-achilles-tendon-rupture
#4
REVIEW
Nicola Maffulli, Alessio Giai Via, Francesco Oliva
BACKGROUND: The Achilles tendon, the largest and strongest tendon in the human body, is nevertheless one of the tendons which most commonly undergoes a complete subcutaneous tear. Achilles tendon ruptures are especially common in middle aged men who occasionally participate in sport. Even though Achilles tendon ruptures are frequent, up to 25% of acute injuries are misdiagnosed, and present as chronic injuries. METHODS: This is a review article about diagnosis and management of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071376/-corrective-procedures-and-indications-for-cavovarus-foot-deformities-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
J Hamel
Cavovarus deformities in children and adolescents require sound considerations concerning the timing for corrective surgery. Progression can be recognized best by repeated pedographic examination with evaluation of the typical features of cavovarus deformity. Surgical correction consists of a combination of soft tissue release, bony realignment, and restoration of muscle balance. In most cases plantar or medioplantar soft tissue release should be considered, whereas calf muscle lengthening is rarely indicated...
October 25, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025616/the-peroneus-brevis-flap-in-the-treatment-of-bone-infections-of-the-lower-limb
#6
Andrea Antonini, Carlo Rossello, Carlo Salomone, Giovanni Riccio, Lamberto Felli, Giorgio Burastero
The Peroneus Brevis Flap is a described option for the soft tissue coverage and for small bone gap reconstruction in the lower third of the lower leg, where few other local flaps are available and reliable. We analysed retrospectively a case series of 11 consecutive patients whose age ranged from 31 to 87 years (mean 56), who underwent a reconstruction with a PB flap in the treatment of post-traumatic bone infections from October 2010 to February 2012. In our series, only one patient at a 3 year minimum follow-up showed recurrence of the bone infection and required further surgical treatment...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991715/clinical-and-pathological-findings-in-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-caused-by-a-transthyretin-e61k-mutation
#7
Tatsufumi Murakami, Hirotake Nishimura, Taiji Nagai, Shoji Hemmi, Yumiko Kutoku, Yutaka Ohsawa, Yoshihide Sunada
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is an autosomal dominant hereditary systemic amyloidosis caused by mutation of the transthyretin (TTR) gene, and usually shows sensory-dominant polyneuropathy and autonomic neuropathy at the initial stage. The pathogenesis of this neuropathy remains unknown, although several mechanisms, including mechanical compression, vessel occlusion, TTR toxicity and Schwann cell dysfunction have been proposed. We describe a patient with late-onset FAP caused by a TTR E61K mutation...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984656/the-distally-based-peroneus-brevis-flap-the-5-step-technique
#8
Luigi Troisi, Thomas Wright, Umraz Khan, Ahmed T Emam, Thomas W L Chapman
The peroneus brevis flap was first described as proximally based by Mathes et al (Surg Clin North Am. 1974;54:1337-1354) and later by Jackson and Scheker (Injury. 1982;13:324-330). A distally based version of this flap by Mathes and Nahai (Reconstructive Surgery: Principles, Anatomy and Technique. 1997:1437e46) was subsequently described in 1997. The first case series of distally based flaps was published by Eren et al (Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;107:1443-1448).In our experience, the distally based flap is a useful muscle flap to reconstruct small defects in the lateral distal third of the leg...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950148/the-influence-of-foot-position-on-lower-leg-muscle-activity-during-a-heel-raise-exercise-measured-with-fine-wire-and-surface-emg
#9
Hiroshi Akuzawa, Atsushi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Naoto Matsunaga, Koji Kaneoka
OBJECTIVE: Exercises for lower leg muscles are important to improve function. To examine the influence of foot position on lower leg muscle activity during heel raises. DESIGN: Cross-sectional laboratory study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen healthy men participated in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The muscle activity levels of the tibialis posterior (TP), peroneus longus (PL), flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and medial gastrocnemius (MG) were measured...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892581/direct-current-stimulation-modulates-the-excitability-of-the-sensory-and-motor-fibres-in-the-human-posterior-tibial-nerve-with-a-long-lasting-effect-on-the-h-reflex
#10
Francesco Bolzoni, Roberto Esposti, Carlo Bruttini, Giuseppe Zenoni, Elzbieta Jankowska, Paolo Cavallari
Several studies demonstrated that transcutaneous direct current stimulation (DCS) may modulate central nervous system excitability. However, much less is known about how DC affects peripheral nerve fibres. We investigated the action of DCS on motor and sensory fibres of the human posterior tibial nerve, with supplementary analysis in acute experiments on rats. In forty human subjects, electric pulses at the popliteal fossa were used to elicit either M-waves or H-reflexes in the Soleus, before (15 min), during (10 min) and after (30 min) DCS...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843163/electromiography-comparison-of-distal-and-proximal-lower-limb-muscle-activity-patterns-during-external-perturbation-in-subjects-with-and-without-functional-ankle-instability
#11
Khadijeh Kazemi, Amir Massoud Arab, Iraj Abdollahi, Daniel López-López, César Calvo-Lobo
Ankle sprain is one of the most common injuries among athletes and the general population. Most ankle injuries commonly affect the lateral ligament complex. Changes in postural sway and hip abductor muscle strength may be generated after inversion ankle sprain. Therefore, the consequences of ankle injury may affect proximal structures of the lower limb. The aim is to describe and compare the activity patterns of distal and proximal lower limb muscles following external perturbation in individuals with and without functional ankle instability...
August 23, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818476/complex-anatomic-abnormalities-of-the-lower-leg-muscles-and-tendons-associated-with-phocomelia-a-case-report
#12
Thomas Hodo, Mark Hamrick, Yulia Melenevsky
Musculoskeletal anatomy is widely known to have components that stray from the norm in the form of variant muscle and tendon presence, absence, origin, insertion, and bifurcation. Although these variant muscles and tendons might be deemed incidental and insignificant findings by most, they can be important contributors to pathologic physiology or, more importantly, an option for effective treatment. In the present case report, we describe a patient with phocomelia and Müllerian abnormalities secondary to in utero thalidomide exposure...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807512/non-linear-finite-element-model-to-assess-the-effect-of-tendon-forces-on-the-foot-ankle-complex
#13
Enrique Morales-Orcajo, Thales R Souza, Javier Bayod, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas
A three-dimensional foot finite element model with actual geometry and non-linear behavior of tendons is presented. The model is intended for analysis of the lower limb tendon forces effect in the inner foot structure. The geometry of the model was obtained from computational tomographies and magnetic resonance images. Tendon tissue was characterized with the first order Ogden material model based on experimental data from human foot tendons. Kinetic data was employed to set the load conditions. After model validation, a force sensitivity study of the five major foot extrinsic tendons was conducted to evaluate the function of each tendon...
November 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765981/-anatomic-stabilization-of-chronic-lateral-instability-of-the-ankle-gold-technique
#14
REVIEW
T Diermeier, B Scheiderer, L Lacheta, A B Imhoff
OBJECTIVES: Anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex in the ankle. INDICATIONS: Chronic lateral ankle instability. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Severe osteoarthritis, obesity, hindfoot varus, general contraindications (infection, circulatory disorders, diabetic foot syndrome). SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Anatomical V‑shaped reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex with half of the peroneus brevis tendon and additional retinaculum stabilization...
August 1, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744032/effect-of-a-4-week-balance-exercise-with-medio-lateral-unstable-sole-on-ankle-joint-functional-ability
#15
Su-Bin Nam, Bo-Ram Choi
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of 4-week of balance exercise with medio-lateral unstable sole on ankle muscle activation and functional ability. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty university students without current or past ankle injuries were assigned to either an experimental group or control group. The experimental group participated in a balance exercise program 3 times a week over 4 weeks, which consisted of one-leg stands and semi-squat exercises with medio-lateral unstable sole. The control group continued with their regular life activities without participation in the program...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736620/peroneal-tendon-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Kinner Davda, Karan Malhotra, Paul O'Donnell, Dishan Singh, Nicholas Cullen
Pathological abnormality of the peroneal tendons is an under-appreciated source of lateral hindfoot pain and dysfunction that can be difficult to distinguish from lateral ankle ligament injuries.Enclosed within the lateral compartment of the leg, the peroneal tendons are the primary evertors of the foot and function as lateral ankle stabilisers.Pathology of the tendons falls into three broad categories: tendinitis and tenosynovitis, tendon subluxation and dislocation, and tendon splits and tears. These can be associated with ankle instability, hindfoot deformity and anomalous anatomy such as a low lying peroneus brevis or peroneus quartus...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720406/mri-anatomical-preoperative-evaluation-of-distally-based-peroneus-brevis-muscle-flap-in-reconstructive-surgery-of-the-lower-limb
#17
Federico Barbera, Fulvio Lorenzetti, Ricccardo Marsili, Matteo Ragoni, Andrea Lisa, Virna Zampa, Marcello Pantaloni
BACKGROUND: The distally based peroneus brevis muscle flap has proved to be a simple solution for small- to moderate-sized wounds of the lower limb. The length of the muscle belly suitable for coverage is a crucial parameter. In this study, we evaluated the capability of 3D MRI of the lower limb to measure it preoperatively. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2017, 32 patients with lower limb defects underwent preoperative MRI to measure the peroneus brevis muscle length...
November 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702813/dynamic-factors-involved-in-common-peroneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#18
Takao Kitamura, Kyongsong Kim, Daijiro Morimoto, Rinko Kokubo, Naotaka Iwamoto, Toyohiko Isu, Akio Morita
BACKGROUND: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) entrapment neuropathy (CPNEN) is the most common peripheral neuropathy of the lower extremities. The pathological mechanisms underlying CPNEN remain unclear. We sought to identify dynamic factors involved in CPNEN by directly measuring the CPN pressure during stepwise CPNEN surgery. METHODS: We enrolled seven patients whose CPNEN improved significantly after CPN neurolysis. All suffered intermittent claudication, and the repetitive plantar flexion test, used as a CPNEN provocation test, was positive...
July 12, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677942/effect-of-fibular-repositioning-taping-in-adult-basketball-players-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#19
Yanina Alves, Fernando Ribeiro, Anabela G Silva
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability presents a high incidence and prevalence in basketbal players. It's important to develop strategies to reduce the functional and mechanical limitations resulting from this condition. To compare the effect of Mulligan ́s fibular repositioning taping with a placebo taping immediatly after application and after a running test (Yo-Yo IRT). METHODS: 16 adult basketball players (10 male, 6 female) with chronic ankle instability and mean age 21...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655126/peroneus-longus-activity-according-to-various-angles-of-a-ramp-during-cross-ramp-walking-and-one-legged-standing
#20
Sang-Yeol Lee, Seung-Min Lee, Jae-Min Jung
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain are one of the most common injuries in sports and public health in general. Cross-slope may creat a risk for ankle sprain and are commonly found in both urban and rural environment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of study was to clarify the environmental risk factor that can be easily occurred ankle sprain during walking (stance phase) and one leg standing at various ramp environment. METHODS: Participants was measured muscle activation on peroneus longus during both conditions (walk across the ramp and one leg stand in the transverse direction) of seven different angle (0∘, 2∘, 5∘, 10∘, 15∘, 20∘, 25∘)...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
8002
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"