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Pei Y Liu, Nicholas Sokolowski, Su T Guo, Faraz Siddiqi, Bernard Atmadibrata, Thomas J Telfer, Yuting Sun, Lihong Zhang, Denise Yu, Joshua Mccarroll, Bing Liu, Rui H Yang, Xiang Y Guo, Andrew E Tee, Ken Itoh, Jenny Wang, Maria Kavallaris, Michelle Haber, Murray D Norris, Belamy B Cheung, Jennifer A Byrne, David S Ziegler, Glenn M Marshall, Marcel E Dinger, Rachel Codd, Xu D Zhang, Tao Liu
BET bromodomain inhibitors are very promising novel anticancer agents, however, single therapy does not cause tumor regression in mice, suggesting the need for combination therapy. After screening a library of 2697 small molecule compounds, we found that two classes of compounds, the quinone-containing compounds such as nanaomycin and anti-microtubule drugs such as vincristine, exerted the best synergistic anticancer effects with the BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 in neuroblastoma cells. Mechanistically, the quinone-containing compound nanaomycin induced neuroblastoma cell death but also activated the Nrf2-antioxidant signaling pathway, and the BET bromodomain proteins BRD3 and BRD4 formed a protein complex with Nrf2...
October 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Wu-Jun Liu, Ke Tian, Li-Li Ling, Han-Qing Yu, Hong Jiang
The optimal strategy for the safe disposal of large amounts of hydrophyte biomass with enriched levels of N and P is challenging. In this study, we proposed and illustrated a facile pyrolysis approach to prepare an N, P-dually doped porous carbon (NPC) material with robust energy storage performance using a thermochemical self-doping process and a widely distributed hydrophyte biomass (Typha angustifolia). As a supercapacitor electrode material for electrochemical energy storage, the NPC shows a maximum capacitance of 257 F g-1 and energy density of 19...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Frank Juvenal, Adam Langlois, Antoine Bonnot, Daniel Fortin, Pierre D Harvey
The organometallic synthon trans-[p-MeSC6H4C≡C-Pt(PMe3)2-C≡CC6H4SMe] (L1) reacts with CuX (X = Cl, Br, I) in PrCN and PhCN to form 1D- or 2D-coordination polymers (CP) with a very high degree of variability of features. The copper-halide unit can be either the rhomboids Cu2X2 fragments or the step cubane Cu4I4. The CP's may also incorporate a crystallization solvent molecule or not, which may be coordinated to copper or not. Their characterizations were performed by X-ray crystallography, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and IR, absorption, and emission spectra as well as photophysical measurements in the presence and absence of solvent crystallization molecules...
October 17, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Tingsheng Zhou, Yao Zhou, Ruguang Ma, Zhenzhen Zhou, Guanghui Liu, Qian Liu, Yufang Zhu, Jiacheng Wang
In situ formation of nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles on hollow carbon spheres (NHCSs) were successfully realised via a simple, scalable emulsion polymerization route using melamine as the nitrogen precursor, followed by thermal treatment at 1000 °C in N2. All NHCSs show large BET specific surface areas (648.2-837.7 cm(2) g(-1)) and pore volumes (0.91-1.16 cm(3) g(-1)), evidently superior to N-free hollow carbon spheres (HCSs) (524.3 cm(2) g(-1) and 0.48 cm(3) g(-1), respectively). This unique nanocomposite has hierarchical micro-/mesoporosity (1...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Sabolč Pap, Jelena Radonić, Snežana Trifunović, Dragan Adamović, Ivana Mihajlović, Mirjana Vojinović Miloradov, Maja Turk Sekulić
Development, characterization and evaluation of the efficiency of cost-effective medium for the removal of Pb(2+), Cd(2+) and Ni(2+) from aqueous systems, as a novel, eco-friendly solution for wastewater remediation were done. The precursors for low-cost adsorbent were lignocellulosic raw materials (sweet/sour cherry kernels), as industrial byproducts and components of organic solid waste. Activated carbon synthesis was carried out by thermochemical conversion (H3PO4, 500 °C) in the complete absence of inert atmosphere...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Xiumei Song, Lichao Tan, Xiaojun Sun, Huiyuan Ma, Lin Zhu, Xiaoqing Yi, Qiang Dong, Junyu Gao
A hierarchical structure of NiCo2O4@rGO composite has been fabricated, with its structure and morphology well characterized by XRD, TEM, XPS and BET. The results proved that the NiCo2O4 nanosheets grow uniformly on both sides of the graphene sheets. In batch adsorption experiments, the effects of equilibrium time, pH and temperature on uranium(vi) adsorption were investigated. The main results show that the NiCo2O4@rGO composite has a higher affinity towards the uptake of uranium(vi) from aqueous solutions...
September 30, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hadis Derikvandi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
Mechanically ball-mill prepared clinoptilolite nanoparticles (NC) were used for increasing photocatalytic activity of NiO and ZnO as alone and binary systems. The semiconductors were supported onto the zeolite during calcination of Ni(II)-Zn(II)-exchanged NC at different calcinations temperatures. XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, X-ray mapping, DRS, TEM and BET techniques were used for characterization of the samples. The calcined catalysts at 400°C for 4h showed the best photocatalytic activity for metronidazole (MNZ) in aqueous solution...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yufang Ma, Lihong Wang, Leif R Neitzel, Sudan Loganathan, Nan Tang, Lili Qin, Crispi E Emily, Yan Guo, Stefan Knapp, Robert D Beauchamp, Ethan Lee, Jialiang Wang
PURPOSE: The bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family proteins are epigenetic readers for acetylated histone marks. Emerging BET bromodomain inhibitors have exhibited antineoplastic activities in a wide range of human cancers through suppression of oncogenic transcription factors, including MYC. However, the preclinical activities of BET inhibitors in advanced solid cancers are moderate at best. To improve BET-targeted therapy, we interrogated mechanisms mediating resistance to BET inhibitors in colorectal cancer (CRC)...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Cédric B D Marien, Clément Marchal, Alain Koch, Didier Robert, Patrick Drogui
We report a facile method to tune TiO2 nanoparticles' morphology by modifying and an acid-catalyzed sol-gel synthesis with Pluronic P123. Synthesized particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, BET analysis, and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. XRD analysis revealed a high anatase content while BET measurements showed that porous volume strongly depends on the amount of P123. We demonstrate that high amounts of P123 increase particle's aspect-ratio from spherical to rod-shape morphology...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kerstin Hogg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Craig Ferguson, Body Richard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Mudasir Ahmad, Kaiser Manzoor, Perumal Venkatachalam, Saiqa Ikram
A modified biomacromolecule, chitosan-thiosemicarbazide framework (TSCS) as an adsorbent for Cu(II) was prepared from dialdehyde chitosan through condensation reaction with thiosemicarbazide, stabilized by the reduction reaction with sodium borohydride. TSCS was characterized by means of FT-IR and XPS. Surface morphologies were studied by FESEM and BET, which revealed the highly macro porous structure. The thermal analyses was done through TGA showing much stable chemical configuration at about ≥400°C. The experimental equilibrium data was evaluated by Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models...
November 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
H V Vikram Simha, Heartwin A Pushpadass, Magdaline Eljeeva Emerald Franklin, P Arun Kumar, K Manimala
Moisture sorption isotherms of spray-dried milk-foxtail millet powder were determined at 10, 25 and 40 °C. Sorption data was fitted using classical and soft-computing approaches. The isotherms were of type II, and equilibrium moisture content (EMC) was temperature dependent. The BET monolayer moisture content decreased from 3.30 to 2.67 % as temperature increased from 10 to 40 °C. Amongst the classical models, Ferro-Fontan gave the best fit of EMC-aw data. However, the Sugeno-type adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) with generalized bell-shaped membership function performed better than artificial neural network and classical models with RMSE as low as 0...
June 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Aminul Islam, Suneel Kumar, Noushi Zaidi, Hilal Ahmad
An ethylenediamine functionalized glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) based terpolymeric chelating resin was synthesized for the separation and preconcentration of Cd(II) and Zn(II) by SPE from bread, rice and fruit juice prior to FAAS determination. The resin was characterized by FT-IR, TGA/DTA, SEM, BET analysis and EDS. Synthesized resin shows a good capacity of 53.96mgg(-1) for Cd(II) and 24.19mgg(-1) for Zn(II) at pH 8.0. Five isotherm equilibrium models were studied to explain the sorption phenomenon out of which Langmuir, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Scatchard and Temkin models were found to be the best fitted...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Petr Vomáčka, Václav Štengl, Jiří Henych, Martin Kormunda
The uniform Sn-doped CuO nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple solution method at a low temperature. The prepared samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron microscopy techniques (HRSEM, HRTEM, SAED, STEM and EDS elemental mapping), atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV/Vis spectroscopy, nitrogen physisorption (BET) and by evaluation of the catalytic activity on the degradation of Rhodamine B. The tin doping had a considerable influence on the morphology of CuO...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Craig Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Elisa Pelosin, Laura Avanzino, Roberta Barella, Cristina Bet, Elisabetta Magioncalda, Carlo Trompetto, Piero Ruggeri, Mauro Casaleggio, Giovanni Abbruzzese
BACKGROUND: Treadmill Training (TT) has been indicated as a potential therapeutic tool for improving balance and gait in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the lack of evidences about the best modality of intervention (e.g.: number of sessions) and the lack of reliable follow-up measures, made difficult to hand down these results into the clinical practice. AIM: To compare the efficacy of 3 different modalities of TT program on gait performance in PD patients...
July 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Gong-duan Fan, Li-ru Chen, Ru-jing Lin, Qian Lin, Zhao-yue Su, Xiu-yong Lin
Titanate nanomaterials (TNs) were synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method using TiO2 (ST-01) and NaOH as the raw materials, and presented different morphologies by adjusting the reaction time. The physico-chemical properties of the as-prepared TNs, such as morphology, structure, surface area, and chemical composition were characterized by XRD, SEM and BET. The adsorption capability and rules of Pb(II) in aqueous solutions were tested in the static system. The results showed that the TNs prepared with 12-72 h reaction time were pure monoclinic phase titanate and their specific surface areas were in the range from 243...
February 15, 2016: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Wen Zhang, Xiaoyu Niu, Liqiang Chen, Fulong Yuan, Yujun Zhu
In this study, nano-structure ceria with three different morphologies (nanorod, nanoparticle and flake) have been prepared by hydrothermal and solvothermal methods. The ceria samples were deeply characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, H2-TPR, XPS and in-situ DRIFTS, and tested for soot combustion in absence/presence NO atmospheres under loose and tight contact conditions. The prepared ceria samples exhibit excellent catalytic activities, especially, the CeO2 with nanorod (Ce-R) shows the best catalytic activity, for which the peak temperature of soot combustion (Tm) is about 500 and 368 °C in loose and tight contact conditions, respectively...
2016: Scientific Reports
William Wilson Anku, Samuel Osei-Bonsu Oppong, Sudheesh Kumar Shukla, Poomani Penny Govender
This research work delved into the photocatalytic degradation of monoazo dye (methyl orange) and diazo dye (congo red) in aqueous solution using Fe3+/C/S-doped TiO2 nanocomposites. The nanocomposites were synthesised through sol-gel method and characterized using XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM, EDX, BET and UV-Vis. Photocatalytic degradation of the dyes was monitored under simulated visible light using pristine TiO2, C/S/doped-TiO2 and Fe3+/C/S doped-TiO2 with varying concentrations of Fe3+. The influence of catalyst doping, solution pH, and light intensity were also examined...
2016: Acta Chimica Slovenica
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