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Manel Wakkel, Besma Khiari, Féthi Zagrouba
The potential of raw date pits as a natural, widely available and low-cost agricultural waste has been studied in order to adsorb cationic dyes from an aqueous solution. Date pits were characterized by FTIR, SEM, BET, and XRD analysis. To optimize removal of two industrial dyes, basic red 2 (BR2) and methyl violet (MV), from aqueous solution using date pits, response surface methodology (RSM) is employed. Tests were carried out as per central composite design (CCD) with four input parameters namely contact time, temperature, initial concentration of adsorbate, and pH...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zhirui Niu, Shaokang Zhang, Lin Zhu
Mn-Zn ferrite (Mn1 - x Zn x Fe2 O4 , x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) nanomaterials were prepared by bioleaching and hydrothermal synthesis from waste Zn-Mn batteries. The materials were characterized by XRD, SEM, BET, VSM, CEC, and isoelectric point. It turned out when x = 0.4, synthesized Mn-Zn ferrite had best performance which was nanoferrite crystal structure with a specific surface area that reached 37.77 m2 /g, the saturation magnetization was 62.85 emu/g, and isoelectric point and the CEC value were 7...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Miloš Kostić, Miljana Radović, Nena Velinov, Slobodan Najdanović, Danijela Bojić, Andrew Hurt, Aleksandar Bojić
In this study, co-precipitation synthesis of the mesoporous triple-metal nanosorbent from Fe, Cu, Ni layered double hydroxide (FeCuNi-LDH), on the basis of the data obtained from the TG analysis was carried out. The FTIR spectroscopy and XRD results confirm the formation of CuO, NiO and Fe2 O3 nanoparticles, while the EDX analysis does not show significant variations on the surface in elemental composition. BET analysis shows that FeCuNi-280 (FeCuNi-LDH calcinated at 280 °C) with mesoporous structure, has larger surface area compared to FeCuNi-LDH and FeCuNi-550 (FeCuNi-LDH calcinated at 550 °C)...
May 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jianrui Niu, Xiuxiu Jia, Yaqing Zhao, Yanfang Liu, Weizhang Zhong, Zengli Zhai, Zaixing Li
The CeO2 @ZSM-5 was prepared by the dipping method. We used ZSM-5 and CeO2 as the carrier and load components, respectively. The aim was to reduce the low concentration of Cr(VI) in simulated wastewater (the concentration of Cr(VI) ranged from 0.2 to 1 mg/L). The characteristics of ZSM-5 and CeO2 @ZSM-5 samples were determined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET)...
May 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Adolph Anga Muleja
This study entails adsorption attempt of platinum ion from "aged" aqueous solution with purified multiwalled carbon nanotubes and tryphenylphosphine-linked multiwalled carbon nanotubes (1) and (2) (Tpp-MWCNTs (1) and Tpp-MWCNTs (2)). The aims were to produce and use purified MWCNTs, Tpp-MWCNTs (1) and (2) and compare their adsorption capacity. These adsorbents were characterised with SEM, FTIR, XPS, BET and zeta potential. Tpp-MWCNTs (1) and (2) differ by their atomic percentage content of phosphorus which is 0...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
A C Runcie, M Zengerle, K-H Chan, A Testa, L van Beurden, M G J Baud, O Epemolu, L C J Ellis, K D Read, V Coulthard, A Brien, A Ciulli
Allele-specific chemical genetics enables selective inhibition within families of highly-conserved proteins. The four BET (bromodomain & extra-terminal domain) proteins - BRD2, BRD3, BRD4 and BRDT bind acetylated chromatin via their bromodomains and regulate processes such as cell proliferation and inflammation. BET bromodomains are of particular interest, as they are attractive therapeutic targets but existing inhibitors are pan-selective. We previously established a bump-&-hole system for the BET bromodomains, pairing a leucine/alanine mutation with an ethyl-derived analogue of an established benzodiazepine scaffold...
March 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Xu Han, Roland Kwitt, Stephen Aylward, Spyridon Bakas, Bjoern Menze, Alexander Asturias, Paul Vespa, John Van Horn, Marc Niethammer
Brain extraction from 3D medical images is a common pre-processing step. A variety of approaches exist, but they are frequently only designed to perform brain extraction from images without strong pathologies. Extracting the brain from images exhibiting strong pathologies, for example, the presence of a brain tumor or of a traumatic brain injury (TBI), is challenging. In such cases, tissue appearance may substantially deviate from normal tissue appearance and hence violates algorithmic assumptions for standard approaches to brain extraction; consequently, the brain may not be correctly extracted...
May 4, 2018: NeuroImage
Xiaofeng Yi, Fuliang Sun, Zhenhua Han, Fuhao Han, Jiarui He, Minrui Ou, Junjie Gu, Xiaoping Xu
In this work, a novel sodium alginate (SA)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/graphene oxide (GO) hydrogel microspheres were prepared by a simple method. Sodium alginate was physically crosslinked by Ca2+ ; GO was encapsulated into the composite to strengthen the hydrogels; PVA played a significant role in well dispersing of GO in SA. The SA/PVA/GO (SPG) hydrogels were employed as an efficient adsorbent for removal of Cu (II) and U (VI) from aqueous solution. Batch experiments with the subject of the pH, initial metal ion concentration, competing ions and contact time were investigated...
May 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Hai Yang Ji, Yu Ying Wang, Hao Hao Lyu, Yu Xue Liu, Rui Qin Yang, Sheng Mao Yang
In this study, biochars (BC300, BC500 and BC700) were produced from silk waste through pyrolysis under oxygen-limited condition at 300, 500 and 700 ℃, respectively. The physicochemical properties of biochar were detected by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and specific surface area analyzer. The Cd2+ adsorption capacities of biochars were investigated. Results showed that BET surface area, pH, and ash were increased with the increases of pyrolysis temperature...
April 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
S Gupta, A Yadav, S Bhartiya, M K Singh, A Miotello, A Sarkar, N Patel
A facile hydrothermal synthesis route was explored to obtain various nanostructures of Co oxide for applications in electrocatalytic water-splitting. The effect of reaction time and metal precursor ions on the morphology of synthesized nanostructures was studied in detail with the aid of a scanning electron microscope. By systematic optimization of the synthesis parameters, Co oxide nanostructures with single dimensionality were obtained in the form of 0D nanoparticles (NPs), 1D nanowires (NWs), 2D nanosheets (NSs) and 3D nanocrystals (NCs)...
May 10, 2018: Nanoscale
Je-Min Woo, Jung Yoon Seo, Hyunuk Kim, Dong-Ho Lee, Young Cheol Park, Chang-Keun Yi, Yeong Seong Park, Jong-Ho Moon
The influence of ultrasonication treatment on the catalytic performance of CuY zeolite catalysts was investigated for the liquid-phase oxidative carbonylation of methanol to dimethyl carbonate (DMC). The deammoniation method of NH4 Y into HY zeolites was optimized and characterized by elemental analyzer, derivative thermogravimetry, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyzer, and powder X-ray diffractometry, revealing that the HY zeolite deammoniated at 400 °C presented the highest surface area, complete ammonium/proton ion exchange, and no structure collapse, rendering it the best support from all the prepared zeolites...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Lijun Cheng, Xumin Hu, Liang Hao
Via an ultrasonic-assisted in-situ etching method, BiOBr modified Bi2 O2 CO3 microstructures were fabricated in short time. The samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, BET, UV-Vis, XPS and PL spectra methods. Rhodamine B (RhB) aqueous solution was applied to evaluate the photocatalytic activities of the as-prepared samples. The results showed that the sample prepared at pH of 2 in which the molar ratio of BiOBr and Bi2 O2 CO3 was 0.69:1 had the largest specific surface area, the best utilization for ultraviolet and visible light and efficient separation efficiency of charge carriers, contributing to its best photocatalytic activity...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Amir Shafiee Kisomi, Afshin Rajabi Khorrami, Taher Alizadeh, Majid Farsadrooh, Hamedreza Javadian, Arash Asfaram, Shabnam Najafi AsliPashaki, Parisa Rafiei
In this research, a novel Sn(II)-imprinted poly(dimethyl vinylphosphonate) nanopowder (Sn(II)-IPDMVPN) was prepared using Sn2+ , dimethyl vinylphosphonate, azobis isobutyronitril and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the template, ligand, initiator and cross linker, respectively. The non-imprinted poly(dimethyl vinylphosphonate) nanopowder (NIPDMVPN) was also synthesized utilizing the same procedure without using SnCl2 ·2H2 O in order to compare the results with the Sn(II)-IPDMVPN. The structure, morphology and composition of the products were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, XRF, BET, FT-IR and NMR techniques...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Vu K H Bui, Duckshin Park, Vinh V Tran, Go-Woon Lee, Seo Yeong Oh, Yun Suk Huh, Young-Chul Lee
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with their excellent photocatalytic performance are among the hottest research subjects for environmental-cleanup applications. In the present work, we developed a method of one-pot synthesis of magnesium aminoclay-titanium dioxide [MgAC-TiO2] nanocomposites in ethanol solution and then treated the obtained nanocomposites in a 350 °C muffle furnace for 3 hours. The obtained X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed the growth of the anatase TiO2 NPs in the amorphous MgAC phase. In the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) morphological observation, the MgAC-TiO2 nanocomposites exhibited an aggregate form of 246...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ardie Septian, Sanghwa Oh, Won Sik Shin
Antibiotic contaminants, which are generally present in bi-solute systems, can be competitively adsorbed onto clays. Single- and bi-solute sorptions of sulfadiazine (SDZ) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) onto montmorillonite and kaolinite were investigated at pH values of 5 and 8. Freundlich and Langmuir models were used and fit the experimental data well for single-solute sorption. The sorption isotherms were nonlinear (NF = 0.265-0.730), and the maximum sorption capacities (qmL ) of the SDZ and CIP onto montmorillonite were higher than those onto kaolinite...
March 29, 2018: Environmental Technology
Mojtaba Jahanbakhshi
Mesoporous carbon foam (MCF) was prepared by via the Pechini method which is facile and template-free. The MCF was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and BET surface area analysis. Afterwards, the MCF was dispersed in the natural hydrogel salep to give a composite. Finally, myoglobin was immobilized on the composite and then placed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified GCE gives a distinct quasi-reversible redox peak during electroreduction of hydrogen perxide (H2 O2 )...
January 19, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
Winda Rahmalia, Jean-François Fabre, Thamrin Usman, Zéphirin Mouloungui
The adsorption of bixin in aprotic solvents onto acid- and alkali-treated kaolinite was investigated. Kaolinite was treated three times, for 6 h each, with 8 M HCl or 5 M KOH. The adsorbents were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, EDS, and BET-N2 . The effects of contact time and dye concentration on adsorption capacity and kinetics, electronic transition of bixin before and after adsorption, and also mechanism of bixin-kaolinite adsorption were investigated. Dye adsorption followed pseudo-second order kinetics and was faster in acetone than in dimethyl carbonate...
2018: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Juliana M Schöntag, Alcione A Alves, Luis G Romero Esquivel, Maurício L Sens
Population growth requires more food production and as a consequence, there is the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals, among them major group are carbamates. At times, runoff of pesticides leads to surface water pollution that serves as a source of public supply. Thus, the presence of these microcontaminants in surface water has become increasingly frequent. The treatment developed in this work uses the principle of adsorption as a technology for the removal of carbamates, more specifically carbofuran. Two methods of coating the polystyrene beads with iron oxide were used to adsorb these microcontaminants from the water...
March 29, 2018: Environmental Technology
Mohammed Sheikh, Daniel Horner
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether the use of intravenous vitamin C can reduce mortality or morbidity in patients diagnosed in the early phases of severe sepsis. Three directly relevant papers were found using the reported search strategy. The author, date and country of publication; patient group studied; study type; relevant outcomes; results and study weaknesses of the best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that there is insufficient high-quality research to justify the routine use of vitamin C in severe sepsis...
April 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Elliott Bertram-Ralph, Daniel Horner
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether augmentation of blood pressure to a high mean arterial pressure (MAP) target in the early phase of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) could lead to improvements in morbidity or mortality. 23 directly relevant papers were found using the reported search strategy. Of these, two systematic reviews collated the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication; patient group studied; study type; relevant outcomes; results and study weaknesses of the best papers are tabulated...
April 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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