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Priyanka Roy, Nandini Das
Li containing Bikitaite zeolite has been synthesized by an ultrasound-assisted method and used as a potential material for hydrogen storage application. The Sonication energy was varied from 150W to 250W and irradiation time from 3h to 6h. The Bikitaite nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR) spectral analysis, and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) thermo-gravimetrical analysis and differential thermal analysis (TGA, DTA). XRD and IR results showed that phase pure, nano crystalline Bikitaite zeolites were started forming after 3h irradiation and 72h of aging with a sonication energy of 150W and nano crystalline Bikitaite zeolite with prominent peaks were obtained after 6h irradiation of 250W sonic energy...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhigang Chen, Xiaoliu Chen, Jun Di, Yiling Liu, Sheng Yin, Jiexiang Xia, Huaming Li
A novel graphene-like BN modified BiPO4 material was prepared for the first time via a simple solvothermal process with the assistance of reactable ionic liquid 1-decyl-3-methylimidazolium dihydrogen phosphate ([Omim]H2PO4). The as-prepared photocatalyst was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, Raman, XPS, TEM, DRS, BET, PL, EIS and ESR to investigate the structure, morphology, optical property, surface area, electrical property and active species. The photocatalytic activities of graphene-like BN/BiPO4 materials were evaluated by the degradation of antibiotic enrofloxacin (ENR) under UV light irradiation and the 1wt% graphene-like BN/BiPO4 displayed the best activity among the BN/BiPO4 composites...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Senar Aydin
  The aim of this study was to investigate the usability of magnetic Fe3O4/red mud nanoparticles (NPs) for the removal of organophosphorus pesticides from water samples. The effect of various experimental parameters such as red mud amount in Fe3O4/red mud-NPs, pH, contact time, initial pesticide concentrations and adsorbent dose was studied in order to find the optimum conditions for their removal in a batch process. The Fe3O4/red mud-NPs were characterized by using TGA, SEM, XRD, VSM, and determination of the BET surface area...
December 1, 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
M Abdullah, S K Kamarudin, L K Shyuan
In this study, TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) were synthesized via a hydrothermal method using highly concentrated NaOH solutions varying from 6 to 12 M at 180 °C for 48 h. The effects of the NaOH concentration and the TNT crystal structure on the performance for methanol oxidation were investigated to determine the best catalyst support for Pt-based catalysts. The results showed that TNTs produced with 10 M NaOH exhibited a length and a diameter of 550 and 70 nm, respectively; these TNTs showed the best nanotube structure and were further used as catalyst supports for a Pt-based catalyst in a direct methanol fuel cell...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Ting Jin, Wenhua Yuan, Yujie Xue, Hong Wei, Chaoying Zhang, Kebin Li
Antibiotics are emerging contaminants due to their potential risks to human health and ecosystems. Poor biodegradability makes it necessary to develop effective physical-chemical methods to eliminate these contaminants from water. The cobalt-modified MCM-41 was prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal method and characterized by SAXRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, SEM, UV-Vis DR, and FTIR spectroscopy. The results revealed that the prepared 3% Co-MCM-41 possessed mesoporous structure with BET surface areas at around 898...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
WeiWen Wong, H Y Wong, A Borhan M Badruzzaman, H H Goh, Mukter Zaman
Recently, increasing research efforts have been made to exploit the enormous potential of nanotechnology and nanomaterial in the application of arsenic removal from water. As a result, there are myriad of types of nanomaterials being developed and studied for their arsenic removal capabilities. Nevertheless, challenges such as having a complete understanding of the material properties and removal mechanism make it difficult for researchers to engineer nanomaterials that are best suited for specific water treatment applications...
January 27, 2017: Nanotechnology
Clara Jiménez-Saelices, Bastien Seantier, Bernard Cathala, Yves Grohens
Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) aerogels were prepared by spray freeze-drying (SFD). Their structural, mechanical and thermal insulation properties were compared to those of NFC aerogels prepared by conventional freeze-drying (CFD). The purpose of this investigation is to develop superinsulating bioaerogels by reducing their pore size. Severe reduction of the aerogel pore size and skeleton architecture were observed by SEM, aerogels prepared by SFD method show a fibril skeleton morphology, which defines a mesoporous structure...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Reza Hasanzadeh, Peyman Najafi Moghadam, Naeimeh Bahri-Laleh, Mika Sillanpää
In this study, effective novel magnetic nanocomposite particles (MNCPs) were prepared based on iminodiacetic acid grafted poly (glycidylmethacrylate-maleicanhydride) (PGMA-MAn) copolymer. For this purpose, firstly Fe3O4 nanoparticles reacted with 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane for the production of magnetite nanoparticles containing amine groups (MNPs-NH2). Then iminodiacetic acid reacted with PGMA-MAn copolymer to produce iminodiacetic acid grafted PGMA-MAn copolymer (ID-g-PGMA-MAn). Finally, the MNPs-NH2 reacted with the ID-g-PGMA-MAn and the reaction was completed by propylenediamine (PDA) to produce MNCPs...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Marion Campbell, Silvia Ruiz Buitrago
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether a vagal manoeuvre was better than or as good as adenosine at safely terminating supraventricular tachycardia in children. Forty unique papers were found in Medline and Embase using the reported searches, of which five were relevant. A hand search of the forty unique citations identified a further nine relevant papers. Thus, 14 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated...
January 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Kevin Mackway-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Louis-David Audette
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether a standard frontal view CXR as good as standard frontal and lateral views at diagnosing pneumonia in children with a clinical suspicion of that diagnosis. Three papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. It is concluded that the addition of a lateral view does not appear to significantly improve the accuracy of pneumonia diagnosis in children by emergency physicians, when compared with frontal view alone...
January 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Hadis Derikvandi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
In the present work, coupled and supported NiS and ZnS onto the mechanically prepared clinoptilolite nanoparticles (NC) was prepared and characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, X-ray mapping, DRS, BET, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The obtained catalysts were used in photodegradation of metronidazole (MZ). The mole ratio of NiS/ZnS affects the degradation activity of the obtained catalysts so the best activity was obtained for the NZ4-NC (NiS1.0-ZnS5.2/NC, containing 1...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ramiro Vázquez, María E Riveiro, Lucile Astorgues-Xerri, Elodie Odore, Keyvan Rezai, Eugenio Erba, Nicolò Panini, Andrea Rinaldi, Ivo Kwee, Luca Beltrame, Mohamed Bekradda, Esteban Cvitkovic, Francesco Bertoni, Roberta Frapolli, Maurizio D'Incalci
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive and heterogeneous subgroup of breast tumors clinically defined by the lack of estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors, limiting the use of the targeted therapies employed in other breast malignancies. Recent evidence indicates that c-MYC is a key driver of TNBC. The BET-bromodomain inhibitor OTX015 (MK-8628) has potent antiproliferative activity accompanied by c-MYC down-regulation in several tumor types, and has demonstrated synergism with the mTOR inhibitor everolimus in different models...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
Janet Withall, Janice L Thompson, Kenneth R Fox, Mark Davis, Selena Gray, Jolanthe de Koning, Liz Lloyd, Graham Parkhurst, Afroditi Stathi
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the health benefits of a physically active lifestyle among older adults is strong, yet only a small proportion of older people meet physical activity recommendations. A synthesis of evidence identified "best bet" approaches, and this study sought guidance from end-user representatives and stakeholders to refine one of these, a peer-volunteering active aging intervention. METHODS: Focus groups with 28 older adults and four professional volunteer managers were conducted...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
Elahe Karimi Pasandideh, Babak Kakavandi, Simin Nasseri, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ramin Nabizadeh, Ali Esrafili, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary
BACKGROUND: In this work, the magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (MNPs) and silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles (SMNPs) were synthesized as adsorbents for removing humic acid (HA) from water resources. METHODS: The adsorption processes were performed in batch experiments with which the influence of pH, reaction time, adsorbent dosage, initial concentrations of HA and temperature were investigated. Specific techniques were applied to characterize the features of both adsorbents (i...
2016: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
T S Anirudhan, J R Deepa
Purpose of this study is to report the synthetic procedure of a novel photo catalyst, nano zinc oxide incorporated graphene oxide/nanocellulose (ZnO-GO/NC) for the effective adsorption and subsequent photo degradation of ciprofloxacin (CF), an antibiotic widely used in the poultry. Self cleaning property in cellulose was achieved by introducing a nano zinc oxide incorporated graphene oxide into nanocellulose (NC) matrix. By incorporating nano zinc oxide (ZnO) in graphene oxide (GO), band gap could be tuned to 2...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hadis Derikvandi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
Increased photocatalytic activity of NiO and SnO2 was achieved by coupling and supporting of them onto clinoptilolite nanoparticles (NC) via calcination of Ni(II)-Sn(IV) - exchanged NC in photocatalytic degradation of metronidazole (MZ) aqueous solution. XRD, XRF, FTIR, SEM, X-ray mapping, DRS, TEM, BET Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques (EIS) were used for characterization of samples. Red shift occurred in bang gap energies of the coupled semiconductors with respect to monocomponent one...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Reza Fotovat, Mehdi Alikhani, Mostafa Valizadeh, Mehdi Mirzaei, Ghasem Hossein Salekdeh
Plants reproductive phase, when grain yield and consequently farmers' investment is most in jeopardy, is considered as the most sensitive stage to drought stress. In this study, we aimed to explore the proteomic response of wheat anther at meiosis stage in a drought tolerant, Darab, and susceptible, Shiraz, wheat genotypes. Wheat plants were exposed to drought stress at meiosis stage for four days under controlled environmental conditions. Then, anthers from both genotypes were sampled, and their proteomes were examined via quantitative proteomics analysis...
November 30, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
D Grzywiński, M Szumski, B Buszewski
Cholesteryl methacrylate has been used to obtain hypercrosslinked poly(cholesteryl methacrylate-co-4-methylstyrene-co-vinylbenzyl chloride-co-divinylbenzene) monolithic stationary phase for capillary liquid chromatography. Different contents of cholesteryl methacrylate and toluene in polymerization mixture have been tested to obtain chromatographic performance. The best column has been prepared using 7% of cholesteryl methacrylate and 1% of toluene in polymerization mixture. Such a monolithic material exhibited a surface area of 452m(2)/g (BET)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Colby Duncan, Brad Riley
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether low-dose ketamine is better than morphine at safely and effectively reducing pain scores in ED patients with acute pain who do not respond to conventional therapies. One hundred and thirty-two papers were found using the reported searches, of these three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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