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Maria-Jesus Pueyo, Ramon Escuriet, M Pérez-Botella, I de Molina, D Ruíz-Berdun, S Albert, S Díaz, P Torres-Capcha, V Ortún
AIM: To explore the effect of hospital's characteristics in the proportion of obstetric interventions (OI) performed in singleton fullterm births (SFTB) in Catalonia (2010-2014), while incentives were employed to reduce C-sections. METHODS: Data about SFTB assisted at 42 public hospitals were extracted from the dataset of hospital discharges. Hospitals were classified according to the level of complexity, the volume of births attended, and the adoption of a non-medicalized delivery (NMD) strategy...
February 10, 2018: Health Policy
Annie Xianghong Lin, Ging Chan, Yuanjia Hu, Defang Ouyang, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Luwen Shi, Hao Hu
Through reviewing the current international market for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), this paper identified the internationalization challenges for TCM, including unclear therapeutic material basis and mechanism, difficulty of quality control, low preparation level, registration/policy barriers, and shortage of intellectual property. To deal with these challenges, suggestions were given including: (1) product innovation of TCM (study the TCM by using the methods and means of western medicine; innovate the basic theory of TCM; develop TCM health product); (2) standard innovation of TCM; (3) building big data platform of Chinese medicine (big data platform of TCM preparation; big data platform on the quality of TCM)...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Kota Suzuki, Yosuke Kita, Yuhei Oi, Yasuko Okumura, Hideyuki Okuzumi, Masumi Inagaki
OBJECTIVE: The right prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays an essential role in active processing within visuospatial working memory (VSWM). The aim of this study was to examine developmental changes in the recruitment patterns of the PFC during visuospatial memory tasks in school-age participants. METHODS: We recruited 80 school-age children who were classified into three age groups: 7- to 8-year-old, 9- to 10-year-old, and 11- to 12-year-old children. We used near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure PFC activity during visuospatial memory task...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Zhidong Luo, Shuran Fan, Chuying Gu, Weicong Liu, Baohong Li, Jianqiang Liu
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are compounds consisting of metal ions or clusters coordinated to organic ligands to form one-, two-, or three-dimensional structures. They are a subclass of coordination polymers (CPs), with the special feature that they are often porous. The organic ligands are sometimes referred to as second building structs. The new porous materials have paid great attention because of the variety of advantages such as tunable components, structural diversity, high loading performance and favorable biodegradability...
February 14, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Regina Cheuk-Lam Lo, Carmen Oi-Ning Leung, Kristy Kwan-Shuen Chan, Daniel Wai-Hung Ho, Chun-Ming Wong, Terence Kin-Wah Lee, Irene Oi-Lin Ng
Identification and characterization of functional molecular targets conferring stemness properties in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) offers crucial insights to overcome the major hurdles of tumor recurrence, metastasis and chemoresistance in clinical management. In the current study, we investigated the significance of Cripto-1 in contributing to HCC stemness. Cripto-1 was upregulated in the sorafenib-resistant clones derived from HCC cell lines and patient-derived xenograft that we previously developed, suggesting an association between Cripto-1 and stemness...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Kenichiro Suzuki, Kimiaki Komukai, Kotaro Nakata, Renshi Kan, Yuhei Oi, Eri Muto, Yusuke Kashiwagi, Mitsutoshi Tominaga, Satoru Miyanaga, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Kenji Okuno, Masahiko Uzura, Michihiro Yoshimura
Objective This study was carried out to examine the usefulness of point-of-care (POC) cardiac troponin in diagnosing acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to understand the limitations of a POC cardiac troponin I/T-based diagnoses. Methods Patients whose cardiac troponin levels were measured in the emergency department using a POC system (AQT System; Radiometer, Tokyo, Japan) between January and December 2016 were retrospectively examined (N=1449). Patients who were < 20 years of age or who were admitted with cardiopulmonary arrest were excluded...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Hon Weng Chang, Tai Boon Tan, Phui Yee Tan, Faridah Abas, Oi Ming Lai, Yong Wang, Yonghua Wang, Imededdine Arbi Nehdi, Chin Ping Tan
Fish oil-in-water emulsions containing fish oil, thiol-modified β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) fibrils, chitosan and maltodextrin were fabricated using a high-energy method. The results showed that chitosan coating induced charge reversal; denoting successful biopolymers complexation. A significantly (p<0.05) larger droplet size and lower polydispersity index value, attributed to the thicker chitosan coating at the oil-water interface, were observed. At high chitosan concentrations, the cationic nature of chitosan strengthened the electrostatic repulsion between the droplets, thus conferring high oxidative stability and low turbidity loss rate to the emulsions...
March 2018: Food Research International
Besio Roberta, Iula Giusy, Garibaldi Nadia, Cipolla Lina, Sabbioneda Simone, Biggiogera Marco, C Marini Joan, Rossi Antonio, Forlino Antonella
The clinical phenotype in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is attributed to the dominant negative function of mutant type I collagen molecules in the extracellular matrix, by altering its structure and function. Intracellular retention of mutant collagen has also been reported, but its effect on cellular homeostasis is less characterized. Using OI patient fibroblasts carrying mutations in the α1(I) and α2(I) chains we demonstrate that retained collagen molecules are responsible for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enlargement and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) mainly through the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3 (PERK) branch...
February 9, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ashley S Bruns, Patricio E Lau, Gurpreet S Dhillon, Joseph Hagan, Joshua A Kailin, George B Mallory, Pablo Lohmann, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Rodrigo Ruano, Caraciolo J Fernandes
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study compares the efficacy of the highest oxygenation index in the first 48 h (HiOI) versus current prenatal indices to predict survival and morbidity. METHODS: Medical records of 50 prenatally diagnosed, isolated, left-sided CDH patients treated from January 2011 to April 2016 were reviewed. Data abstracted included HiOI, lung to head ratio (LHR), observed to expected total fetal lung volume (O/E TFLV), percent liver herniation (%LH), 6 month survival, respiratory support at discharge, ventilator days and length of stay...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Daichi Kita, Takashi Kinumatsu, Atsushi Yokomizo, Miki Tanaka, Masahiro Egawa, Asako Makino-Oi, Sachiyo Tomita, Atsushi Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate clinically the effect of a novel dentifrice containing three kinds of bactericidal ingredients on periodontal disease. RESULTS: This was a single-arm, prospective clinical study that enrolled patients with periodontitis undergoing supportive periodontal therapy. Periodontal examination, microbiological testing of saliva samples, and evaluation of inflammatory markers (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid were performed...
February 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Chenggang Zhu, Bilin Ge, Ru Chen, Xiangdong Zhu, Lan Mi, Jiong Ma, Xu Wang, Fengyun Zheng, Yiyan Fei
Total internal reflection (TIR) is useful for interrogating physical and chemical processes that occur at the interface between two transparent media. Yet prism-coupled TIR imaging microscopes suffer from limited sensing areas due to the fact that the interface (the object plane) is not perpendicular to the optical axis of the microscope. In this paper, we show that an electrically tunable lens can be used to rapidly and reproducibly correct the focal length of an oblique-incidence scanning microscope (OI-RD) in a prism-coupled TIR geometry...
February 9, 2018: Sensors
Mario Caicedo-Rubio, Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder in wich, the bone quality and density is affected. OI includes some metabolic disorders and have a wide range of clinical presentations. In Osteogenesis Imperfecta bone has a very low density and it is a disorder currently treated with bisphosphonates. Quality and quantity of bone is important for establishment of osseointegration in dental implants. There are few reported cases in the literature. This is a case report of a 61 year-old man with grade IV OI, rehabilitated with implant-supported fixed prostheses in the posterior right and left mandible, whithout bone grafts...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
D A Camargo Barros Rocha, F A L Marson, C C B Almeida, A A Almeida Junior, J D Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is a common practice in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). However, the role of oxygenation (OI) and ventilation (VI) indices regarding the time on IMV has not been fully understood. BASIC PROCEDURES: The study was conducted with infants up to 24 months of age, hospitalized in PICU for two consecutive years. The values of ventilatory parameters, OI, VI, and blood gas of infants, collected in the first seven days in IMV, were associated with the time on IMV...
February 2, 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
S Abad, F Héran, C Terrada, P Bielefeld, D Sène, S Trad, D Saadoun, P Sève
Inflammatory orbitopathies relate to an inflammatory state originating within the orbit and its adnexes, except the inner ocular globe. Orbital inflammation (OI) may be either localized manifestation of a proven or like autoimmune disease, or local response from immune system against infectious, structural or tumoral antigens. We review the clinical manifestations of OI, which provide helpful clues to the diagnosis and describe the inflammatory, infectious and neoplastic conditions classically associated with OI...
February 1, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Deepashri Rao, Ravi Vasanthapuram, P Satishchandra, Anita Desai
Neurotuberculosis is one of the commonest HIV-associated opportunistic infections (OI) of the CNS. Cross-talk between HIV, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and host immune responses may alter expression of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), thereby affecting cytokine profiles and functional responses. We examined PRR mRNA expression and cytokine and granzyme levels in HIV infected individuals with neurotuberculosis and found significant downregulation of TLR9 and increased MDA5 expression compared to healthy subjects...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Yolanda Feimster Holt
Purpose: This research explored mechanisms of vowel variation in African American English by comparing 2 geographically distant groups of African American and White American English speakers for participation in the African American Shift and the Southern Vowel Shift. Method: Thirty-two male (African American: n = 16, White American controls: n = 16) lifelong residents of cities in eastern and western North Carolina produced heed,hid,heyd,head,had,hod,hawed,whod,hood,hoed,hide,howed,hoyd, and heard 3 times each in random order...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Yoo Hwan Kim, Zephaniah Phillips V, Seung-Ho Paik, Nam-Joon Jeon, Beop-Min Kim, Byung-Jo Kim
The Valsalva maneuver (VM) with beat-to-beat blood pressure and heart rate monitoring are used to evaluate orthostatic intolerance (OI). However, they lack the ability to detect cerebral hemodynamic changes, which may be a cause of OI symptoms. Therefore, we utilized near-infrared spectroscopy during VM. Patients with OI symptoms and normal healthy subjects were recruited. Patients were subgrouped according to VM results: patients with normal VM (NVM) and abnormal VM (AbVM). Oxyhemoglobin (HbO), deoxyhemoglobin, and total hemoglobin changes were measured at four different source-detector distances (SD) (15, 30, 36, and 45 mm), and latency, amplitude, duration, and integrated total signal were calculated...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
Christian Herren, Marly Reijnen, Miguel Pishnamaz, Philipp Lichte, Hagen Andruszkow, Sven Nebelung, Jan Siewe, Frank Hildebrand, Philipp Kobbe
A possible risk factor for premature facet joint degeneration or adjacent segment degeneration after surgical treatment of spine fractures is facet joint violation (FV) during insertion of pedicle screws. Hence, the study aim was to determine risk factors for FV in the thoracic and lumbar spine following minimal-invasive screw insertion (MIS) or open instrumentation (OI). A retrospective analysis of all patients with spine fractures requiring posterior stabilization was performed. After allocation to the thoracic / lumbar group, FV was defined as an involvement due to the positioning of a pedicle screw and its severity as determined by computed tomography was assessed by using a customized scoring system...
January 29, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yee-Ying Lee, Teck-Kim Tang, Eng-Tong Phuah, Nur Azwani Abdul Karim, Noorjahan Banu Mohamed Alitheen, Chin-Ping Tan, Intan Shameha Abdul Razak, Oi-Ming Lai
Medium-and-Long Chain Triacylglycerol (MLCT) is a type of structured lipid that is made up of medium chain, MCFA (C8-C12) and long chain, LCFA (C16-C22) fatty acid. Studies claimed that consumption of MLCT has the potential in reducing visceral fat accumulation as compared to long chain triacylglycerol, LCT. This is mainly attributed to the rapid metabolism of MCFA as compared to LCFA. Our study was designed to compare the anti-obesity effects of a enzymatically interesterified MLCT (E-MLCT) with physical blend of palm kernel and palm oil (B-PKOPO) having similar fatty acid composition and a commercial MLCT (C-MLCT) made of rapeseed/soybean oil on Diet Induced Obesity (DIO) C57BL/6J mice for a period of four months in low fat, LF (7%) and high fat, HF (30%) diet...
January 2018: Food Research International
Z Jabbour, A Al-Khateeb, H Eimar, J M Retrouvey, F H Glorieux, F Rauch, F Tamimi
OBJECTS: To investigate the relationship between genotype and severity of malocclusion in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 49 patients participated in this cross-sectional study (age range: 5-19 years; 28 females; diagnoses: OI type I, N = 7; OI type III, N = 11; OI type IV, N = 27; OI type V, N = 2; OI type VI, N = 2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sequence analysis of COL1A1/COL1A2 and other OI-related genes was compared to the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR), an index reflecting the severity of malocclusion...
February 1, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
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