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Dipolar field

I Dierking, M Heberle, M A Osipov, F Giesselmann
Dispersions of magnetic nanoparticles in a nematic liquid crystal were investigated as magnetic fields were applied in three different boundary condition geometries: (i) planar substrates and B ⊥ n, (ii) planar substrates and B ‖ n, and (iii) homeotropic substrates and B ⊥ n. Particle chaining is observed when a magnetic field is applied, with a periodicity perpendicular to the chains. Furthermore, linear chains are observed for the magnetic field applied perpendicular to the director, while zigzag chains are formed when the magnetic field direction is parallel to the director field...
June 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Dijana Zilic, Debdeep Maity, Mario Cetina, Kresimir Molcanov, Zoran Dzolic, Mirta Herak
The detailed single crystal electron spin resonance (ESR) analysis of oxalamide complexes with halogen-bridged copper dimers, supported by X-ray, magnetic susceptibility and powder ESR studies, is reported. Four complexes with two different ligands were synthesized: [CuLA(μ-X)]₂ and [CuLV(μ-X)]₂, where LA = N-(L-alanine methyl ester)-N'-((2-pyridine-2-yl)methyl)oxalamide and LV=N-(L-valine methyl ester)-N'-((2-pyridine-2-yl)methyl)oxalamide, while X=Cl or Br. X-ray analysis shows that geometry at each copper(II) ion is square pyramidal while two pyramids share one base-to-apex edge with parallel basal planes...
June 21, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Daniel Nohr, Bernd Paulus, Ryan Rodriguez, Asako Okafuji, Robert Bittl, Erik Schleicher, Stefan Weber
Light-generated short-lived radial pairs have been suggested to play pivotal roles in cryptochromes and photolyases. Chryptochromes are very probably involved in magnetic compass sensing in migratory birds and the magnetic-field-dependent behavior of insects. We examined photo-generated transient states in the cryptochrome of Drosophila melanogaster and in the structurally related DNA-repair enzyme Escherichia coli DNA photolyase. Using pulsed EPR spectroscopy, the exchange and dipolar contributions to the electron spin-spin interaction were determined in a straightforward and direct way...
June 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Gabriel Cornilescu, René F Ramos Alvarenga, Thomas P Wyche, Tim S Bugni, Roberto R Gil, Claudia C Cornilescu, William M Westler, John L Markley, Charles D Schwieters
Establishing the relative configuration of a bioactive natural product represents the most challenging part in determining its structure. Residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) are sensitive probes of the relative spatial orientation of internuclear vectors. We adapted a force field structure calculation methodology to allow free sampling of both R and S configurations of the stereocenters of interest. The algorithm uses a floating alignment tensor in a simulated annealing protocol to identify the conformations and configurations that best fit experimental RDC and distance restraints (from NOE and J-coupling data)...
June 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
L D C Jaubert, T Lin, T S Opel, P C W Holdsworth, M J P Gingras
Motivated by recent realizations of Dy_{2}Ti_{2}O_{7} and Ho_{2}Ti_{2}O_{7} spin ice thin films, and more generally by the physics of confined gauge fields, we study a model spin ice thin film with surfaces perpendicular to the [001] cubic axis. The resulting open boundaries make half of the bonds on the interfaces inequivalent. By tuning the strength of these inequivalent "orphan" bonds, dipolar interactions induce a surface ordering equivalent to a two-dimensional crystallization of magnetic surface charges...
May 19, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Amador García-Fuente, Andrés Vega
We present a theoretical approach, based on a density functional theoretic parametrization of a model Hamiltonian, that allows for the determination of the complete electronic 4f(n) and 4f(n-1)5d valence manifolds of a lanthanide ion impurity in different host lattices in an easy, fast and reliable way. The model accounts for the electrostatic interactions, ligand field splitting due to the surroundings of the impurity and spin-orbit coupling effects, which means that the parametrization is transferable to different ligand environments...
June 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Nicholas Cox, Anna Nalepa, Wolfgang Lubitz, Anton Savitsky
ELDOR-detected NMR (EDNMR) performed at higher magnetic fields is becoming an increasingly popular alternative to conventional ENDOR for the characterization of electron-nuclear hyperfine interactions owing to its enhanced sensitivity. However there are two key problems that limit its widespread adoption, with factors controlling: (i) lineshape distortions and; (ii) overall spectral resolution, still largely understood only at a qualitative level. Indeed highly anisotropic (dipolar) coupled species are particularly problematic in the EDNMR experiment...
July 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Philipp E Spindler, Philipp Schöps, Wolfgang Kallies, Steffen J Glaser, Thomas F Prisner
This article describes current uses of shaped pulses, generated by an arbitrary waveform generator, in the field of EPR spectroscopy. We show applications of sech/tanh and WURST pulses to dipolar spectroscopy, including new pulse schemes and procedures, and discuss the more general concept of optimum-control-based pulses for applications in EPR spectroscopy. The article also describes a procedure to correct for experimental imperfections, mostly introduced by the microwave resonator, and discusses further potential applications and limitations of such pulses...
July 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Zewen Zuo, Yibing Wen, Sheng Zhang, Jun Qu, Guanglei Cui, Yi Shi
Gold nanospheres (AuNSs) were partly embedded into silicon through metal-assisted chemical etching, producing multiple-dimensional coupling of the plasmon resonances with the induced image charges in the surrounding medium. Rich plasmonic features of such coupling system were revealed by single particle dark-field scattering spectra, characterizing by two splitted multipolar resonances at short wavelength region and a mixed dipolar resonance extending to infrared region. Numerical electrodynamic calculations indicated that the multipolar modes arise from the in-plane and out-of-plane quadrupolar resonances, which are excited by the horizontal and verticle electric field components, respectively, of the incident light owing to the enhanced coupling interaction...
May 31, 2017: Nanotechnology
Shichao Yan, Luigi Malavolti, Jacob A J Burgess, Andrea Droghetti, Angel Rubio, Sebastian Loth
The ability to sense the magnetic state of individual magnetic nano-objects is a key capability for powerful applications ranging from readout of ultradense magnetic memory to the measurement of spins in complex structures with nanometer precision. Magnetic nano-objects require extremely sensitive sensors and detection methods. We create an atomic spin sensor consisting of three Fe atoms and show that it can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets through minute, surface-mediated magnetic interaction. Coupling, even to an object with no net spin and having vanishing dipolar stray field, modifies the transition matrix element between two spin states of the Fe atom-based spin sensor that changes the sensor's spin relaxation time...
May 2017: Science Advances
Muyi He, You Jiang, Dan Guo, Xingchuang Xiong, Xiang Fang, Wei Xu
A dual-polarity linear ion trap (LIT) mass spectrometer was developed in this study, and the method for simultaneously controlling and detecting cations and anions was proposed and realized in the LIT. With the application of an additional dipolar DC field on the ejection electrodes of an LIT, dual-polarity mass spectra could be obtained, which include both the mass-to-charge (m/z) ratio and charge polarity information of an ion. Compared with conventional method, the ion ejection and detection efficiency could also be improved by about one-fold...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Z M Dai, W Liu, X T Zhao, T T Wang, S K Li, Yongsheng Yu, X G Zhao, Z D Zhang
We report on a field induced domain evolutionary procedure in the anisotropic Nd-Dy-Fe-Co-B/MgO/Fe multilayers by using first-order-reversal-curves and magnetic force microscopy. Different reversal behaviors and domain sizes are found in well coupled and decoupled multilayers by changing the thickness of the spacer layer. The competition between dipolar magnetostatic energy and Zeeman energy is evaluated by in-field observation throughout nucleation and annihilation processes. In addition, lithography-patterned arrays of soft Fe disks onto a continuous Nd-Dy-Fe-Co-B hard-magnetic layer are designed...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
Petra Rovó, Rasmus Linser
This paper deals with the theoretical foundation of proton magic angle spinning rotating-frame relaxation (R1ρ) and establishes the range of validity and accuracy of the presented approach to describe low-amplitude microsecond time scale motion in the solid state. Beside heteronuclear dipolar and chemical shift anisotropy interactions, a major source of relaxation for protons is the homonuclear dipolar interaction. For this latter relaxation process, no general analytical equation has been published until now, which would describe the R1ρ relaxation at any spinning speed, spin-lock field, or tilt angle...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Andrew J Pell, Kevin J Sanders, Sebastian Wegner, Guido Pintacuda, Clare P Grey
We propose two broadband pulse schemes for (14)N solid-state magic-angle-spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) that achieves (i) complete population inversion and (ii) efficient excitation of the double-quantum spectrum using low-power single-sideband-selective pulses. We give a comprehensive theoretical description of both schemes using a common framework that is based on the jolting-frame formalism of Caravatti et al. [J. Magn. Reson. 55, 88 (1983)]. This formalism is used to determine for the first time that we can obtain complete population inversion of (14)N under low-power conditions, which we do here using single-sideband-selective adiabatic pulses...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Euna Jo, Sejun Park, Jooseop Lee, Soonchil Lee, Jeong Hyun Shim, Takehito Suzuki, Takuro Katsufuji
The simultaneous occurrence of the structural and magnetic phase transitions observed in MnV2O4 is one clear example of strong interplay among the spin, orbital and lattice degrees of freedom. The structure of MnV2O4 is switched by the magnetic field and the linear magnetostriction is very high. The orbital order mediates the interaction between the spin and the lattice generating these phenomena. In this work, we present experimental evidence of an orbital order in MnV2O4 and its reorientation under a rotating magnetic field as obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR)...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Muath Nairat, Morgan Webb, Michael P Esch, Vadim V Lozovoy, Benjamin G Levine, Marcos Dantus
The optically populated excited state wave packet propagates along multidimensional intramolecular coordinates soon after photoexcitation. This action occurs alongside an intermolecular response from the surrounding solvent. Disentangling the multidimensional convoluted signal enables the possibility to separate and understand the initial intramolecular relaxation pathways over the excited state potential energy surface. Here we track the initial excited state dynamics by measuring the fluorescence yield from the first excited state as a function of time delay between two color femtosecond pulses for several cyanine dyes having different substituents...
May 31, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dirk Romeis, Philipp Metsch, Markus Kästner, Marina Saphiannikova
In the literature, different theoretical models have been proposed to describe the properties of systems which consist of magnetizable particles that are embedded into an elastomer matrix. It is well known that such magneto-sensitive elastomers display a strong magneto-mechanical coupling when subjected to an external magnetic field. Nevertheless, the predictions of available models often vary significantly since they are based on different assumptions and approximations. Up to now the actual accuracy and the limits of applicability are widely unknown...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
Yann Chalopin, Jean-Claude Bacri, Florence Gazeau, Martin Devaud
Clusters of magnetic nanoparticles have received considerable interest in various research fields. Their capacity to generate heat under an alternating magnetic field has recently opened the way to applications such as cancer therapy by hyperthermia. This work is an attempt to investigate the collective effects of interacting dipoles embedded in magnetic nano-particles (MNP) to predict their thermal dissipation with a liquid. We first present a general approach, based on the tracking of the microscopic dipole fluctuations, to access to the dissipation spectra of any spatial distribution of MNPs...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Harsha Bajaj, Silvia Acosta Gutierrez, Igor Bodrenko, Giuliano Malloci, Mariano Andrea Scorciapino, Mathias Winterhalter, Matteo Ceccarelli
Transport of molecules through biological membranes is a fundamental process in biology, facilitated by selective channels and general pores. The architecture of some outer membrane pores in Gram-negative bacteria, common to other eukaryotic pores, suggests them as prototypes of electrostatically regulated nanosieve devices. In this study, we sensed the internal electrostatics of the two most abundant outer membrane channels of Escherichia coli, using norfloxacin as a dipolar probe in single molecule electrophysiology...
May 12, 2017: ACS Nano
Jie Li, Ming-Jie Zhu, Ying-Hua Wang, Ren-Chao Jin, Jia-Qi Li, Zheng-Gao Dong
The far-field radiation of a single dipolar emitter can be controlled by coupling to toroidal dipole resonance attached to metallic double flat rings, realizing a conversion from non- to super-radiating. The underlying physical mechanism is the hybridization interference of toroidal and electric dipoles under an asymmetric configuration by introducing a radial displacement of the dipolar emitter. By embedding gain medium in the gap spacer between double flat rings, the directional far-field super-radiating power can achieve a tremendous enhancement with a moderate requirement on the gain coefficient, promoting light-matter interaction manipulation...
May 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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