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Dipolar field

Seojun Lee, Hyungchae Kim, Jongcheon Lee, Changsoon Kim
We investigate scattering of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at a planar metal-dielectric interface by a dielectric nanocube embedded in the metal layer using finite element method-based simulations. The scattering characteristics of the embedded nanocube, such as the scattering and absorption cross sections, far-field scattering patterns, reflectance, and transmittance, are calculated as functions of the wavelength of the incident SPP waves in the visible range. The main features of the characteristics are explained in connection with the excitation of plasmonic eigenmodes of the embedded nanocube...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
Marine Schott, Anne Bernand-Mantel, Laurent Ranno, Stéfania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Hélène Béa, Claire Baraduc, Stéphane Auffret, Gilles Gaudin, Dominique Givord
Nanoscale magnetic skyrmions are considered as potential information carriers for future spintronics memory and logic devices. Such applications will require the control of their local creation and annihilation, which involves so far solutions that are either energy consuming or difficult to integrate. Here we demonstrate the control of skyrmion bubbles nucleation and annihilation using electric field gating, an easily integrable and potentially energetically efficient solution. We present a detailed stability diagram of the skyrmion bubbles in a Pt/Co/oxide trilayer and show that their stability can be controlled via an applied electric field...
April 24, 2017: Nano Letters
Camilla Terenzi, Sabine Bouguet-Bonnet, Daniel Canet
At ambient temperature, conversion from 100% enriched para-hydrogen (p-H2; singlet state) to ortho-hydrogen (o-H2; triplet state) leads necessarily to the thermodynamic equilibrium proportions: 75% of o-H2 and 25% of p-H2. When p-H2 is dissolved in a diamagnetic organic solvent, conversion is very slow and can be considered as arising from nuclear spin relaxation phenomena. A first relaxation mechanism, specific to the singlet state and involving a combination of auto-correlation and cross correlation spectral densities, can be retained: randomly fluctuating magnetic fields due to inter-molecular dipolar interactions...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Fabio Novelli, Saeideh Ostovar Pour, Jonathan O Tollerud, Ashkan Roozbeh, Dominique R T Appadoo, Ewan W Blanch, Jeffrey A Davis
Here we reveal details of the interaction between human lysozyme proteins, both native and fibrils, and their water environment by intense terahertz time domain spectroscopy. With the aid of a rigorous dielectric model, we determine the amplitude and phase of the oscillating dipole induced by the THz field in the volume containing the protein and its hydration water. At low concentrations, the amplitude of this induced dipolar response decreases with increasing concentration. Beyond a certain threshold, marking the onset of the interactions between the extended hydration shells, the amplitude remains fixed but the phase of the induced dipolar response, which is initially in phase with the applied THz field, begins to change...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Andrey A Kuznetsov, Alexander F Pshenichnikov
Langevin dynamics simulation is used to study the suspension of interacting magnetic nanoparticles (dipolar spheres) in a zero applied magnetic field and in the presence of a gravitational (centrifugal) field. A particular emphasis is placed on the equilibrium vertical distribution of particles in the infinite horizontal slab. An increase in the dipolar coupling constant λ (the ratio of dipole-dipole interaction energy to thermal energy) from zero to seven units causes an increase in the particle segregation coefficient by several orders of magnitude...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
Seok-Yeong Chä, Uwe R Fischer
We consider an analogue de Sitter cosmos in an expanding quasi-two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate with dominant dipole-dipole interactions between the atoms or molecules in the ultracold gas. It is demonstrated that a hallmark signature of inflationary cosmology, the scale invariance of the power spectrum of inflaton field correlations, experiences strong modifications when, at the initial stage of expansion, the excitation spectrum displays a roton minimum. Dipolar quantum gases thus furnish a viable laboratory tool to experimentally investigate, with well-defined and controllable initial conditions, whether primordial oscillation spectra deviating from Lorentz invariance at trans-Planckian momenta violate standard predictions of inflationary cosmology...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Hong-Guang Jin, Xiaoqin Jiang, Irina A Kühne, Sylvain Clair, Valérie Monnier, Christophe Chendo, Ghenadie Novitchi, Annie K Powell, Karl M Kadish, Teodor Silviu Balaban
Five heteroleptic lanthanide porphyrin-bis-phthalocyanine triple-decker complexes with bulky peripheral groups were prepared via microwave-assisted synthesis and characterized in terms of their spectroscopic, electrochemical, and magnetic properties. These compounds, which were easily obtained under our preparative conditions, would normally not be accessible in large quantities using conventional synthetic methods, as a result of the low yield resulting from steric congestion of bulky groups on the periphery of the phthalocyanine and porphyrin ligands...
April 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
P Bender, L K Bogart, O Posth, W Szczerba, S E Rogers, A Castro, L Nilsson, L J Zeng, A Sugunan, J Sommertune, A Fornara, D González-Alonso, L Fernández Barquín, C Johansson
The structural and magnetic properties of magnetic multi-core particles were determined by numerical inversion of small angle scattering and isothermal magnetisation data. The investigated particles consist of iron oxide nanoparticle cores (9 nm) embedded in poly(styrene) spheres (160 nm). A thorough physical characterisation of the particles included transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation. Their structure was ultimately disclosed by an indirect Fourier transform of static light scattering, small angle X-ray scattering and small angle neutron scattering data of the colloidal dispersion...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Polina Kapitanova, Vladimir Ternovski, Andrey Miroshnichenko, Nikita Pavlov, Pavel Belov, Yuri Kivshar, Michael Tribelsky
Besides purely academic interest, giant field enhancement within subwavelength particles at light scattering of a plane electromagnetic wave is important for numerous applications ranging from telecommunications to medicine and biology. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate the enhancement of the intensity of the magnetic field in a high-index dielectric cylinder at the proximity of the dipolar Mie resonances by more than two orders of magnitude for both the TE and TM polarizations of the incident wave...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
E Nimerovsky, M Makrinich, A Goldbourt
The distance between a spin one-half and an attached spin possessing a large anisotropy can be obtained using different dipolar recoupling sequences that are based on the rotational-echo double resonance technique under magic-angle spinning solid-state NMR. The general difference between these sequences with respect to the coupled spin is the set of pulses applied in order to drive this spin out of equilibrium, thereby recoupling the dipolar interaction. Since complete inversion is practically not possible due to the coupled-spin anisotropy, using one or another pulse depends on the experimental and spin conditions: the spinning speed, the strength of the radio frequency field, the size of the anisotropic interaction (quadrupolar or chemical shiftanisotropy couplings), the offset, and the accuracy of setting the magic angle...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Iago Pereiro, Sanae Tabnaoui, Marc Fermigier, Olivia du Roure, Stéphanie Descroix, Jean-Louis Viovy, Laurent Malaquin
Fluidization, a process in which a granular solid phase behaves like a fluid under the influence of an imposed upward fluid flow, is routinely used in many chemical and biological engineering applications. It brings, to applications involving fluid-solid exchanges, advantages such as high surface to volume ratio, constant mixing, low flow resistance, continuous operation and high heat transfer. We present here the physics of a new miniaturized, microfluidic fluidized bed, in which gravity is replaced by a magnetic field created by an external permanent magnet, and the solid phase is composed of magnetic microbeads with diameters ranging from 1 to 5 μm...
April 6, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Eric Tucker, Jeffrey D'Archangel, Glenn Boreman
Three different size gold square loop structures were fabricated as arrays on ZnS over a ground plane and designed to have absorptive fundamental, second order, and third order resonances at a wavelength of 10.6 µm and 60° off-normal. The angular dependent far-field spectral absorptivity was investigated over the mid-infrared for each size loop array. It was found that the second order modes were dark at normal incidence, but became excited at off-normal incidence, which is consistent with previous work for similar geometry structures...
March 6, 2017: Optics Express
Ioana Fugariu, Wolfgang Bermel, Daniel Lane, Ronald Soong, Andre J Simpson
Although current NMR techniques allow organisms to be studied in vivo, magnetic susceptibility distortions, which arise from inhomogeneous distributions of chemical moieties, prevent the acquisition of high-resolution NMR spectra. Intermolecular single quantum coherence (iSQC) is a technique that breaks the sample's spatial isotropy to form long range dipolar couplings, which can be exploited to extract chemical shift information free of perturbations. While this approach holds vast potential, present practical limitations include radiation damping, relaxation losses, and non-phase sensitive data...
April 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Chaojun Tang, Bo Yan, Qiugu Wang, Jing Chen, Zhendong Yan, Fanxin Liu, Naibo Chen, Chenghua Sui
We have investigated numerically toroidal dipolar excitation at optical frequency in metamaterials whose unit cell consists of three identical Ag nanodisks and a SiO2 spacer on Ag substrate. The near-field plasmon hybridization between individual Ag nanodisks and substrate forms three magnetic dipolar resonances, at normal incidence of plane electromagnetic waves. The strong coupling among three magnetic dipolar resonances leads to the toroidal dipolar excitation, when space-inversion symmetry is broke along the polarization direction of incident light...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jolanta Swiergiel, Jan Jadżyn
The main objective of this paper is to find a source of anomalously high value of the equilibrium permittivity of water. The source is identified to be the unusually high deformation polarizability. The conclusion follows from the analysis of the behavior of the orientational entropy increment induced by an external electric field applied to the liquids belonging to the homologous series of hydroxyl compounds H(CH2)nOH at the end of which water is located. The finding reflects the "indecision" of water about its dielectric relationship with the alcohol family: the value of the permittivity of water absolutely does not fit into alcohols (is too high), while the dipolar orientation effects (which normally determine the permittivity level) fit into alcohols quite well...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Daniel Lee, Sachin R Chaudhari, Gaël De Paëpe
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has become a powerful tool to substantially increase the sensitivity of high-field magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR experiments. The addition of dissolved hyperpolarizing agents usually results in the presence of solvent signals that can overlap and obscure those of interest from the analyte. Here, two methods are proposed to suppress DNP solvent signals: a Forced Echo Dephasing experiment (FEDex) and TRAnsfer of Populations in DOuble Resonance Echo Dephasing (TRAPDORED) NMR...
May 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Rongchun Zhang, Kamal H Mroue, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy
Protons are vastly abundant in a wide range of exciting macromolecules and thus can be a powerful probe to investigate the structure and dynamics at atomic resolution using solid-state NMR (ssNMR) spectroscopy. Unfortunately, the high signal sensitivity, afforded by the high natural-abundance and high gyromagnetic ratio of protons, is greatly compromised by severe line broadening due to the very strong (1)H-(1)H dipolar couplings. As a result, protons are rarely used, in spite of the desperate need for enhancing the sensitivity of ssNMR to study a variety of systems that are not amenable for high resolution investigation using other techniques including X-ray crystallography, cryo-electron microscopy, and solution NMR spectroscopy...
March 29, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Zhihua Xie, Yannick Lefier, Miguel Angel Suarez, Mathieu Mivelle, Roland Salut, Jean-Marc Merolla, Thierry Grosjean
Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have drawn strong interest in the past for their high prospects in scientific, medical, and industrial applications. However, the full characterization of these quantum emitters is currently restricted to the visible wavelengths, and it remains a key challenge to optically probe single CQDs operating in the infrared spectral domain, which is targeted by a growing number of applications. Here, we report the first experimental detection and imaging at room temperature of single infrared CQDs operating at telecommunication wavelengths...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
Yan Liu, Huayou Hu, Xiang Wang, Sanjun Zhi, Yuhe Kan, Chao Wang
Pyrroles are an important group of heterocyclic compounds with a wide range of interesting properties, which have resulted in numerous applications in a variety of fields. Despite the importance of these compounds, there have been few reports in the literature pertaining to the synthesis of pyrroles from simple alkenes using a one-pot sequential 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition/aromatization reaction sequence. Herein, we report the development of a benzoyl peroxide-mediated oxidative dehydrogenative aromatization reaction for the construction of pyrroles...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Alexander I Greenwood, Mary C Clay, Chad M Rienstra
Typically, the process of NMR-based structure determination relies on accurately measuring a large number of internuclear distances to serve as restraints for simulated annealing calculations. In solids, the rotational-echo double-resonance (REDOR) experiment is a widely used approach to determine heteronuclear dipolar couplings corresponding to distances usually in the range of 1.5-8Å. A challenge in the interpretation of REDOR data is the degeneracy of symmetric subunits in an oligomer or equivalent molecules in a crystal lattice, which produce REDOR trajectories that depend explicitly on two or more distances instead of one...
May 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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