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Plantar fascia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150882/plantar-eumycetoma-by-madurella-mycetomatis-in-a-heart-transplanted-patient-living-in-portugal
#1
N Cunha, M L Martins, N Fradinho, P Martins, J Cabete
Eumycetoma is a chronic granulomatous fungal infection of dermal and subcutaneous tissue rarely seen in Europe. It is characterized by a painless subcutaneous mass with drainage of macroscopic grains through sinus tracts,(1,2) spreading with severe tissue destruction, including fascia and bone. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144991/finite-element-simulation-on-posterior-tibial-tendinopathy-load-transfer-alteration-and-implications-to-the-onset-of-pes-planus
#2
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Yang, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images of a 28-year-old normal female...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133920/energy-neutral-the-human-foot-and-ankle-subsections-combine-to-produce-near-zero-net-mechanical-work-during-walking
#3
Kota Z Takahashi, Kate Worster, Dustin A Bruening
The human foot and ankle system is equipped with structures that can produce mechanical work through elastic (e.g., Achilles tendon, plantar fascia) or viscoelastic (e.g., heel pad) mechanisms, or by active muscle contractions. Yet, quantifying the work distribution among various subsections of the foot and ankle can be difficult, in large part due to a lack of objective methods for partitioning the forces acting underneath the stance foot. In this study, we deconstructed the mechanical work production during barefoot walking in a segment-by-segment manner (hallux, forefoot, hindfoot, and shank)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126038/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-before-and-after-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy
#4
Masahiro Maki, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Yusuke Hara, Koshiro Sawada, Suzuyo Ohashi, Toshikazu Kubo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to examine the relationships between treatment outcome and changes in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings after extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for chronic plantar fasciitis. METHODS: The subjects were 23 feet of 23 patients of refractory plantar fasciitis. The mean age was 53.7 years. The thickness of the plantar fascia (PF) and findings of a high-signal intensity area (HSIA) inside the PF, edema around the PF, and bone marrow edema (BME) of the calcaneus were investigated on MR images...
October 26, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104234/dupuytren-s-and-ledderhose-diseases-in-a-family-with-lmna-related-cardiomyopathy-and-a-novel-variant-in-the-aste1-gene
#5
Michael V Zaragoza, Cecilia H H Nguyen, Halida P Widyastuti, Linda A McCarthy, Anna Grosberg
Dupuytren's disease (palmar fibromatosis) involves nodules in fascia of the hand that leads to flexion contractures. Ledderhose disease (plantar fibromatosis) is similar with nodules of the foot. While clinical aspects are well-described, genetic mechanisms are unknown. We report a family with cardiac disease due to a heterozygous LMNA mutation (c.736C>T, p.Gln246Stop) with palmar/plantar fibromatosis and investigate the hypothesis that a second rare DNA variant increases the risk for fibrotic disease in LMNA mutation carriers...
November 1, 2017: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077502/clinical-utility-of-ultrasound-measurements-of-plantar-fascia-width-and-cross-sectional-areaa-novel-technique
#6
Adebisi Bisi-Balogun, Michael Rector
BACKGROUND: We sought to develop a standardized protocol for ultrasound (US) measurements of plantar fascia (PF) width and cross-sectional area (CSA), which may serve as additional outcome variables during US examinations of both healthy asymptomatic PF and in plantar fasciopathy and determine its interrater and intrarater reliability. METHODS: Ten healthy individuals (20 feet) were enrolled. Participants were assessed twice by two raters each to determine intrarater and interrater reliability...
September 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032485/endoscopic-plantar-fascia-release-via-a-suprafascial-approach-is-effective-for-intractable-plantar-fasciitis
#7
Wataru Miyamoto, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the medium-term clinical results of endoscopic plantar fascia release (EPFR) using a suprafascial approach for recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Twenty-four feet of twenty-three patients who underwent EPFR using a suprafascial approach were followed up for more than 2 years using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score. The AOFAS score at final follow-up was compared between patients who participated in athletic activity (group A) and those who were sedentary (group S) and between those with and those without calcaneal spur (group with CS and group without CS, respectively)...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029575/effect-of-gender-on-mechanical-properties-of-the-plantar-fascia-and-heel-fat-pad
#8
Serkan Taş
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate the plantar fascia and heel fat pad stiffness and thickness parameters in females and compare these values with those of males. METHODS: This study was carried out in 60 healthy sedentary participants (30 female, 30 male) between the ages of 19 and 50 years. Shear wave velocity (SWV) and thickness of the plantar fascia and heel fat pad were measured with an ultrasonography device. RESULTS: Males had a higher plantar fascia ( P = ...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985685/effectiveness-of-the-simultaneous-stretching-of-the-achilles-tendon-and-plantar-fascia-in-individuals-with-plantar-fasciitis
#9
Phoomchai Engkananuwat, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn, Nithima Purepong
BACKGROUND: Since the plantar fascia and the Achilles tendon are anatomically connected, it is plausible that stretching of both structures simultaneously will result in a better outcome for plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Fifty participants aged 40 to 60 years with a history of plantar fasciitis greater than 1 month were recruited. They were prospectively randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 was instructed to stretch the Achilles tendon while group 2 simultaneously stretched the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980331/spontaneous-distal-rupture-of-the-plantar-fascia
#10
Salvatore Gitto, Ferdinando Draghi
Spontaneous ruptures of the plantar fascia are uncommon injuries. They typically occur at its calcaneal insertion and usually represent a complication of plantar fasciitis and local treatment with steroid injections. In contrast, distal ruptures commonly result from traumatic injuries. We describe the case of a spontaneous distal rupture of the plantar fascia in a 48-year-old woman with a low level of physical activity and no history of direct injury to the foot, plantar fasciitis, or steroid injections.
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932308/ultrasonographic-enthesopathy-and-disease-activity-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#11
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Gehan Gamal Elolemy, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Adela M Gad
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the correlation between ultrasonographic enthesopathy and severity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been done before. However, the correlation between ultrasonography of enthesopathy and the Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) have not been done. AIM: To compare the results of ultrasonographic enthesopathy of foot and PASDAS in PsA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 65 PsA patients were involved and divided into two groups...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891313/mid-sole-release-of-the-plantar-fascia-combined-with-percutaneous-drilling-of-the-calcaneus-for-treatment-of-resistant-heel-pain
#12
Ahmed Shawkat Rizk, Wael A Kandel, Eslam Abd Elshafi Tabl, Mahmoud I Kandil
BACKGROUND: Heel pain with or without calcaneal spur is a challenging problem. Once conservative measures have failed, surgery may be indicated; there has been debate about the best surgical procedure. Two standard operative procedures have been either releasing the plantar fascia or removing the spur with drilling of the calcaneus. In this study, we evaluated the results of percutaneous drilling of the calcaneus combined with mid-sole release of the plantar fascia for treatment of resistant heel pain...
November 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885209/investigation-of-the-acute-plantar-fasciitis-with-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-shear-wave-elastography-first-results
#13
Franz Josef Putz, Matthias G Hautmann, Miriam Banas, Ernst Michael Jung
BACKGROUND: The plantar fasciitis is a common disease with a high prevalence in public and a frequent cause of heel pain. OBJECTIVE: In our pilot study, we wanted to characterise the feasibility of shear-wave elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the assessment of the plantar fasciitis. METHODS: 23 cases of painful heels were examined by B-Mode ultrasound, Power Doppler (PD), shear wave elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound before anti-inflammatory radiation...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882059/mri-evaluation-of-ligaments-and-tendons-of-foot-arch-in-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesions
#14
Ali Koç, Özgür Karabiyik
Background There are no publications in literature describing an association between disorders of the ligaments and tendons supporting the foot arch and osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT). We believe there may be a correlation between the damage of these structures. Purpose To investigate the pathologies of main ligaments and tendons that support the foot arch in sprained ankles, by reviewing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies and comparing the results in two groups of patients, with and without OCLT...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842084/endoscopic-plantar-fasciotomy-deep-fascial-versus-superficial-fascial-approach-a-prospective-randomized-study
#15
Bilgehan Çatal, Mert Keskinbora, Mehmet Ali Uysal, Mustafa Şahin, Deniz Gulabi, Bahtiyar Demiralp
In the present randomized prospective study, 2 different surgical techniques of endoscopic plantar fascia release were compared. Of 547 patients with a diagnosis of plantar fasciitis, 46 with no response to conservative treatment for ≥6 months were included. Of the 46 patients, 5 were lost to follow-up. In group 1 (n = 21), plantar fascia release was performed using a deep fascial approach (DFA), and in group 2 (n = 20), the superficial fascial approach (SFA) with a slotted cannula technique was used...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807512/non-linear-finite-element-model-to-assess-the-effect-of-tendon-forces-on-the-foot-ankle-complex
#16
Enrique Morales-Orcajo, Thales R Souza, Javier Bayod, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas
A three-dimensional foot finite element model with actual geometry and non-linear behavior of tendons is presented. The model is intended for analysis of the lower limb tendon forces effect in the inner foot structure. The geometry of the model was obtained from computational tomographies and magnetic resonance images. Tendon tissue was characterized with the first order Ogden material model based on experimental data from human foot tendons. Kinetic data was employed to set the load conditions. After model validation, a force sensitivity study of the five major foot extrinsic tendons was conducted to evaluate the function of each tendon...
November 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765053/metatarsal-periosteal-plantar-ganglion-cyst-associated-with-stress-fracture-a-case-report
#17
Kenji Serigano, Masayoshi Ikeda, Tadashi Nukaga, Masahiko Watanabe
We encountered a rare case of a periosteal ganglion cyst at the plantar aspect of the metatarsal that induced a stress fracture in a 77-year-old female. The clinical manifestation of the plantar ganglion cyst of the foot was not evident because of its location deep beneath the plantar fascia. A pressure cortical indentation was detected at the metatarsal neck on the initial radiographs. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a stress fracture of the metatarsal with a ganglion cyst. The stress fracture was thought to have resulted from several factors, including structural weakness due to bony absorption from the ganglion cyst, osteoporosis that induced a fragility fracture, and a load-induced fatigue fracture...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752980/-ultrasonic-features-of-enthesitis-a-comparison-between-patients-with-psoriasis-vulgaris-and-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#18
Yuan-Jiao Tang, Xi Xiang, Yu-Jia Yang, Li-Yun Wang, Ying He, Li Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the ultrasonic features of enthesitis between psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis vulgaris. METHODS: A total of 39 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA group), 60 with psoriasis vulgaris (non-PsA group) and 60 healthy people (control group) participated in this study. They were examined by two-dimensional and color Doppler ultrasound on the entheses of bilateral femoral quadriceps tendons, patella tendons, Achilles tendons, plantar fasciae, common flexor tendons and common extensor tendons...
July 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720138/plantar-plate-pathology-is-associated-with-erosive-disease-in-the-painful-forefoot-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Heidi J Siddle, Richard J Hodgson, Elizabeth M A Hensor, Andrew J Grainger, Anthony C Redmond, Richard J Wakefield, Philip S Helliwell
BACKGROUND: Disease-related foot pathology is recognised to have a significant impact on mobility and functional capacity in the majority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The forefoot is widely affected and the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are the most common site of symptoms. The plantar plates are the fibrocartilaginous distal attachments of the plantar fascia inserting into the five proximal phalanges. Together with the transverse metatarsal ligament they prevent splaying of the forefoot and subluxation of the MTP joints...
July 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717629/ultrasound-measures-of-tendon-thickness-intra-rater-inter-rater-and-inter-machine-reliability
#20
María Elena Del Baño-Aledo, Jacinto Javier Martínez-Payá, José Ríos-Díaz, Silvia Mejías-Suárez, Sergio Serrano-Carmona, Ana de Groot-Ferrando
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging is often used by physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals but the reliability of image acquisition with different ultrasound machines is unknown. The objective was to compare the intra-rater, inter-rater and intermachine reliability of thickness measurements of the plantar fascia (PF), Achilles tendon (AT), patellar tendon (PT) and elbow common extensor tendon (ECET) with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging (MSUS). METHODS: Tendon thickness was measured in four anatomical structures (14 participants, 28 images per tendon) by two sonographers and with two different ultrasound machines...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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