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Plantar fascia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334642/partial-fasciectomy-is-a-useful-treatment-option-for-symptomatic-plantar-fibromatosis
#1
Haji Khairul Abd Kadir, Coonoor R Chandrasekar
Plantar fibromatosis is a rare, benign fibroproliferative disorder of the plantar fascia. It is considered as a low-grade tumour and it can be locally aggressive. It can present as painful swelling with impairment of local function. Upon failure of non-operative management, surgical treatment options include total fasciectomy or partial fasciectomy. Although surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment, recurrence rate can be up to 60%. The aim of this study was to determine the recurrence and complication rates of surgically treated plantar fibromatosis...
February 21, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242379/plantar-fascia-segmentation-and-thickness-estimation-in-ultrasound-images
#2
Abdelhafid Boussouar, Farid Meziane, Gillian Crofts
Ultrasound (US) imaging offers significant potential in diagnosis of plantar fascia (PF) injury and monitoring treatment. In particular US imaging has been shown to be reliable in foot and ankle assessment and offers a real-time effective imaging technique that is able to reliably confirm structural changes, such as thickening, and identify changes in the internal echo structure associated with diseased or damaged tissue. Despite the advantages of US imaging, images are difficult to interpret during medical assessment...
February 20, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241395/applicability-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-of-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Rikke Broholm, Jessica Pingel, Lene Simonsen, Jens Bülow, Finn Johannsen
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is used to visualize the microvascularisation in various tissues. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CEUS could be used to visualize the microvascular volume (MV) in the plantar fascia, and to compare the method to clinical symptoms and B-mode ultrasound (US) in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). 20 patients with unilateral PF were included and were divided by US in insertional thickening (10), midsubstance thickening (5) and no US changes (5). The MV was measured simultaneously in both heels...
February 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224272/biomechanical-evaluation-of-reconstruction-plates-with-locking-nonlocking-and-hybrid-screws-configurations-in-calcaneal-fracture-a-finite-element-model-study
#4
Ching-Hsuan Chen, Chinghua Hung, Yu-Chun Hsu, Chen-Sheng Chen, Chao-Ching Chiang
Calcaneal fractures are the most common fractures of the tarsal bones. The stability of fixation is an important factor for successful reconstruction of calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical influence of plate fixation with different combinations of locking and nonlocking screws during early weight-bearing phase. A three-dimensional FE foot model was established using ANSYS software, which comprised bones, cartilages, plantar fascia, and soft tissue. Calcaneal plate was fixed with whole locking (WLS), whole nonlocking (WNS), and hybrid screw configurations for FE analysis...
February 21, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217420/acute-effects-of-different-self-massage-volumes-on-the-fms%C3%A2-overhead-deep-squat-performance
#5
Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Jakob Škarabot, Andrew D Vigotsky, Amanda Fernandes Brown, Thiago Matassoli Gomes, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
BACKGROUND: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a battery of tests designed to assess movement competency; the overhead deep squat test, specifically, has been shown to be an accurate predictor of overall FMS™ scores. Self-massage (SM) is a ubiquitous warm-up utilized to increase joint range of motion and, therefore, may be effective for improving performance of the overhead deep squat test. PURPOSE: To examine how different doses (30, 60, 90, and 120 seconds) of SM of different areas of the body (plantar fascia, latissimus dorsi, and lateral thigh) affects the score obtained on an overhead deep squat test...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209507/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-stimulation-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-a-potential-novel-intervention-for-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciitis
#6
Yung-Tsan Wu, Chih-Ya Chang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chun-Chang Yeh, Tsung-Ying Li, Heng-Yi Chu, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic benefit of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation at the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) in patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial (12-week follow-up). SETTING: Outpatient of local medical center settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six patients with recalcitrant PF were randomized and 36 participants were included in the final data analysis...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167182/calf-stretching-in-correct-alignment-an-important-consideration-in-plantar-fasciopathies
#7
Mark Silvester
Stretching of the calf muscles is important in the treatment of plantar fasciopathy. In order to correctly stretch the calf muscles without strain on the plantar fascia the correct alignment of the lower limb should be maintained. A clinical method of achieving this is presented along with a practical guide to assisting the patient to become familiar with correct lower limb alignment.
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125360/monitoring-total-body-inflammation-and-damage-in-joints-and-entheses-the-first-follow-up-study-of-whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
M B Axelsen, I Eshed, M Østergaard, M L Hetland, J M Møller, D V Jensen, S B Krintel, M S Hansen, L Terslev, M Klarlund, R P Poggenborg, L Balding, S J Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WBMRI) inflammatory and structural lesions in most joints and entheses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with adalimumab. METHODS: WBMRI was obtained at weeks 0, 6, 16, and 52 in a 52 week follow-up study of 37 RA patients starting treatment with adalimumab. Readability and reliability of WBMRI were investigated for 76 peripheral joints, 23 discovertebral units, the sacroiliac joints, and 33 entheses...
January 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028519/beneficial-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-improvement-of-pain-severity-and-physical-disability-in-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-trial
#9
Babak Vahdatpour, Lida Kianimehr, Ahmad Moradi, Shila Haghighat
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clinically examine the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on improvement of plantar fasciitis and its related manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed on 32 consecutive patients with the final diagnosis of plantar fasciitis that were randomly assigned to the case group (that received PRP, n = 16) and the control group (that received corticosteroid as methylprednisolone 1 ml plus lidocaine 1 ml, n = 16)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998023/clinical-enthesitis-in-a-prospective-longitudinal-psoriatic-arthritis-cohort-incidence-prevalence-characteristics-and-outcome
#10
Ari Polachek, Suzanne Li, Vinod Chandran, Dafna Gladman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence, prevalence, characteristics, disease associations, risk factors and outcome of clinical enthesitis in patients with PsA. METHODS: The study included patients with PsA followed prospectively. Enthesitis was defined as the presence of at least one tender enthesis at one of the 18 entheseal sites of the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada enthesitis index. RESULTS: Between 2008 and 2014, 281 of 803 patients had enthesitis providing a prevalence of 35%...
December 20, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957702/imaging-of-plantar-fascia-disorders-findings-on-plain-radiography-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
REVIEW
Ferdinando Draghi, Salvatore Gitto, Chandra Bortolotto, Anna Guja Draghi, Gioia Ori Belometti
Plantar fascia (PF) disorders commonly cause heel pain and disability in the general population. Imaging is often required to confirm diagnosis. This review article aims to provide simple and systematic guidelines for imaging assessment of PF disease, focussing on key findings detectable on plain radiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sonographic characteristics of plantar fasciitis include PF thickening, loss of fibrillar structure, perifascial collections, calcifications and hyperaemia on Doppler imaging...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904584/effectiveness-and-relevant-factors-of-platelet-rich-plasma-treatment-in-managing-plantar-fasciitis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Seet Khing Chiew, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy, Farahnaz Amini
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a common foot complaint, affects both active sportsmen and physically inactive middle age group. It is believed that PF results from degenerative changes rather than inflammation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy has been introduced as an alternative therapy for PF. This study is aimed to systematically review to the effectiveness and relevant factors of PRP treatment in managing PF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted in electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar using different keywords...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888853/mr-imaging-findings-in-heel-pain
#13
REVIEW
Ching-Di Chang, Jim S Wu
Heel pain is common and due to a variety of osseous and soft tissue disorders. Causes of heel pain can be classified by the anatomic structure in which they arise and include disorders of the (1) Achilles tendon, (2) plantar fascia, (3) calcaneus, (4) bursae, (5) nerves in the hindfoot, (6) and heel pad. Although careful history taking and physical examination are important, imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of heel pain. MR imaging is the best imaging test to assess pain in the heel...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833490/ultrasound-guided-injection-for-plantar-fasciitis-a-brief-review
#14
REVIEW
A S Nair, R K Sahoo
Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a distressing condition experienced by many patients. Although self-limiting, it tends to become a chronic ailment if the precipitating factors are not addressed. One of the modality of treating PF is intra-lesional corticosteroid injection. This was done using palpation technique earlier but nowadays many specialists use ultrasound (US) imaging as a guide to give injection accurately instead of inadvertently damaging the plantar fascia or injecting into surrounding soft tissue, both of which can have serious implications...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828846/ultrasound-evaluation-of-intrinsic-plantar-muscles-and-fascia-in-hallux-valgus-a-case-control-study
#15
César Calvo Lobo, Alejandro Garrido Marín, David Rodríguez Sanz, Daniel López López, Patricia Palomo López, Carlos Romero Morales, Irene Sanz Corbalán
A cross-sectional area (CSA) and thickness reduction of the abductor hallucis (AbH) is shown in subjects with hallux valgus (HV). To date, other soft-tissue structures have not been researched in relation with HV. The aim of this study was to compare the CSA and thickness of the intrinsic plantar muscles and fascia (PF) between feet with and without HV. Therefore, a cross-sectional and case-control study was performed using B-mode with an iU22 Philips ultrasound system and a 5 to 17-MHz transducer. The CSA and thickness were measured for the AbH, flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) and flexor hallucis brevis (FHB), and also the thickness for the anterior, middle, and posterior PF portions...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757279/ultrasonography-an-effective-tool-in-diagnosing-plantar-fasciitis-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-trials
#16
Ahmed Radwan, Matthew Wyland, Lee Applequist, Erin Bolowsky, Heather Klingensmith, Isaac Virag
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common cause of heel pain that affects 10% of the general population, whether living an athletic or sedentary lifestyle. The most frequent mechanism of injury is an inflammatory response that is caused by repetitive micro trauma. Many techniques are available to diagnose PF, including the use of ultrasonography (US). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review and appraise previously published articles published between the years 2000 and 2015 that evaluated the effectiveness of using US in the process of diagnosing PF, as compared to alternative diagnostic methods...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692740/strength-training-for-plantar-fasciitis-and-the-intrinsic-foot-musculature-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Dean Huffer, Wayne Hing, Richard Newton, Mike Clair
The aim was to critically evaluate the literature investigating strength training interventions in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and improving intrinsic foot musculature strength. A search of PubMed, CINHAL, Web of Science, SPORTSDiscus, EBSCO Academic Search Complete and PEDRO using the search terms plantar fasciitis, strength, strengthening, resistance training, intrinsic flexor foot, resistance training. Seven articles met the eligibility criteria. Methodological quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
March 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651833/ultrasonographic-examination-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-comparison-of-patient-positions-during-examination
#18
Jae Hoon Ahn, Choong Woo Lee, ChanJoo Park, Yoon-Chung Kim
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a non-invasive and low-cost modality for real-time visualisation of the plantar fascia. Ultrasound examination for plantar fasciitis is generally performed with the patient in a prone position, although the rational for using a prone position has not been validated. The aim of the study was to investigate if ultrasound examination in a supine position, which is more comfortable than the prone position, is valid. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 participants with plantar fasciitis, 8 men (27 %) and 22 women (73 %), with a mean age of 53...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599439/endoscopic-plantar-fascia-debridement-for-chronic-plantar-fasciitis
#19
REVIEW
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker
When conservative therapy fails for chronic plantar fasciitis, surgical intervention may be an option. Surgical techniques that maintain the integrity of the plantar fascia will have less risk of destabilizing the foot and will retain foot function. Endoscopic debridement of the plantar fascia can be performed reproducibly to reduce pain and maintain function of the foot.
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594644/paper-clip-localization-easy-technique-for-verification-of-portal-placement-for-endoscopic-plantar-fasciotomy-procedures
#20
Donald Adams, Lori Drake
Surgeons are always searching for useful methods that enhance surgical accuracy. In the case of endoscopic plantar fasciotomy, identifying the optimal location for insertion of the endoscope for precise sectioning of the desired portion of the plantar fascia, without increasing the risk of injury to adjacent anatomic structures and without complicating the surgery in terms of time or costs, would be beneficial to patients and surgeons alike. In the present techniques report, a simple method for accurately determining the optimal location for placement of the endoscope for execution of plantar fasciotomy is described...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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