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Plantar fascia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650749/comparative-effectiveness-of-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-ultrasound-guided-local-corticosteroid-injection-treatment-for-plantar-fasciitis
#1
Sehriban Hocaoglu, Umit Erkan Vurdem, Mehtap Aykac Cebicci, Serap Tomruk Sutbeyaz, Zuhal Guldeste, Serap Gurek Yunsuroglu
BACKGROUND: We compared the long-term clinical and ultrasonographic effects of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT) versus ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection treatment in patients with plantar fasciitis unresponsive to conservative therapy. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with unilateral plantar fasciitis were randomized to receive either rESWT (three times once per week) (n = 36) or corticosteroid treatment (a single 1-mL dose of betamethasone sodium plus 0...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647902/ultrasonography-assessment-of-heel-entheses-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-a-comparative-study-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-conventional-radiography
#2
Rodrigo Aguila Maldonado, Santiago Ruta, María Laura Valuntas, Mercedes García
The aim of the present study was to determine the agreement between ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and conventional radiography (CR) in the detection of findings indicative of enthesopathy in spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients. A cross-sectional study was performed in 40 SpA patients. Heel entheses (Achilles tendon and plantar fascia) were bilaterally examined by US, MRI, and CR. The three imaging modalities were carried out by three independent operators blinded to the other imaging modality data...
June 25, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#3
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634696/prominent-midfoot-involvement-in-children-with-enthesitis-related-arthritis-category-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Sanat Phatak, Namita Mohindra, Abhishek Zanwar, Amita Aggarwal
Foot involvement is common in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) but is often unrecognized and difficult to treat. This study was done to assess clinical and radiological involvement of the feet and its impact on function in Indian children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA). We enrolled consecutive children with ERA with disease duration of less than 5 years. All patients underwent clinical examination of the feet and filled the juvenile arthritis foot index (JAFI) questionnaire. Ultrasound (US) of foot joints and entheses and extremity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of one foot were done...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633777/shall-we-inject-superficial-or-deep-to-the-plantar-fascia-an-ultrasound-study-of-the-treatment-of-chronic-plantar-fasciitis
#5
Eda Gurcay, Murat Kara, Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Ayşe Merve Ata, Şule Şahin Onat, Levent Özçakar
We compared the effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided corticosteroid, injected superficial or deep to the fascia, in patients with plantar fasciitis. Thirty patients (24 females [75%] and 6 males [25%]) with unilateral chronic plantar fasciitis were divided into 2 groups according to the corticosteroid injection site: superficial (n = 15) or deep (n = 15) to the plantar fascia. Patient heel pain was measured using a Likert pain scale and the Foot Ankle Outcome Scale (FAOS) for foot disability, evaluated at baseline and repeated in the first and sixth weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633773/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-outcomes-of-laser-therapy-ultrasound-therapy-and-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Aslihan Ulusoy, Lale Cerrahoglu, Sebnem Orguc
We determined and compared the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), therapeutic ultrasound (US) therapy, and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We performed a randomized, prospective, comparative clinical study. A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of chronic plantar fasciitis were divided randomly into 3 treatment groups: group 1 underwent 15 sessions of LLLT (8 J/cm(2); 830 nm); group 2 underwent 15 sessions of continuous US (1 mHz; 2 W/cm(2)); and group 3 underwent 3 sessions of ESWT (2000 shocks)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623061/comparison-of-extraosseous-talotarsal-stabilization-implants-in-a-stage-ii-adult-acquired-flatfoot-model-a-finite-element-analysis
#7
Jian Xu, Xin Ma, Daping Wang, Wei Lu, Weimin Zhu, Kan Ouyang, Haifeng Liu, Hao Li, Luoyong Jiang
Subtalar arthroereisis has been proved to be an efficient method for correcting flexible adult flatfoot. However, the optimal sinus tarsi implant is still debated and yet to be determined. In the present study, we compared the biomechanical effects of type I and II sinus tarsi implants in stage II adult-acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD). First, a finite element model of stage II AAFD was established in which virtual surgery of subtalar arthroereisis was simulated. The indexes of plantar stress distribution, peak von Mises of the medial and lateral columns, strain of the medial ligaments and plantar fascia, arch height, talo-first metatarsal angle, calcaneus pitch angle, talonavicular coverage angle, and hindfoot valgus angle were all compared and analyzed...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602048/injected-corticosteroids-for-treating-plantar-heel-pain-in-adults
#8
REVIEW
Judy A David, Venkatesan Sankarapandian, Prince Rh Christopher, Ahana Chatterjee, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain, commonly resulting from plantar fasciitis, often results in significant morbidity. Treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), orthoses, physical therapy, physical agents (e.g. extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), laser) and invasive procedures including steroid injections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of injected corticosteroids for treating plantar heel pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, clinical trials registries and conference proceedings...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540529/the-preventive-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-on-endotoxin-induced-exacerbated-post-incisional-pain-in-rats
#9
Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Atsushi Nishigaki, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Fabricio M Locatelli, Masataka Yokoyama
PURPOSE: Low-grade endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) exposure may contribute to the development of exaggerated acute postoperative pain. In the present study, we investigated the possible impact of intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on LPS-induced postoperative hyperalgesia in a rat incisional pain model. METHODS: The surgical and sham-surgical animals were randomly divided into saline-treated control, 5.0 mg/kg LPS-treated, 10 µg/kg DEX-treated, and 5...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535692/effects-of-body-mass-index-on-mechanical-properties-of-the-plantar-fascia-and-heel-pad-in-asymptomatic-participants
#10
Serkan Taş, Nilgün Bek, Mehmet Ruhi Onur, Feza Korkusuz
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal foot disorders have a high incidence among overweight and obese individuals. One of the important factors causing this high incidence may be plantar fascia and heel pad (HP)-related mechanical changes occurring in these individuals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the plantar fascia and HP stiffness and thickness parameters in overweight and obese individuals and compare these values with those of normal-weight individuals. METHODS: This study was carried out in 87 (52 female, 35 male) healthy sedentary individuals between the ages of 19 and 58 years (34 ± 11 years)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527835/biomechanical-study-on-surgical-fixation-methods-for-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-hallux-valgus
#11
Rui Mao, Junchao Guo, Chenyu Luo, Yubo Fan, Jianmin Wen, Lizhen Wang
Hallux valgus (HV) was one of the most frequent female foot deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanical responses and stabilities of the Kirschner, bandage and fiberglass fixations after the distal metatarsal osteotomy in HV treatment. Surface traction of different forefoot regions in bandage fixation and the biomechanical behavior of fiberglass bandage material were measured by a pressure sensor device and a mechanical testing, respectively. A three-dimensional foot finite element (FE) model was developed to simulate the three fixation methods (Kirschner, bandage and fiberglass fixations) in weight bearing...
May 17, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461784/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-plantar-fascitis-heel-spurs
#12
Piotr Kędzierawski, Rafał Stando, Paweł Macek
AIM: The aim of the study was the evaluation of the effectiveness of radiotherapy in patients with the feet pain caused by heel spurs. BACKGROUND: Treatment options for patients reporting these symptoms include use of suitable orthopedic footwear, the use of general or topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids, physiotherapy, manual therapy, shock wave or appropriate surgical procedures. Radiotherapy is one of the method used in patients with chronic pain syndrome...
May 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369929/the-plantar-calcaneal-spur-a-review-of-anatomy-histology-etiology-and-key-associations
#13
REVIEW
Joshua Kirkpatrick, Omid Yassaie, Seyed Ali Mirjalili
The plantar calcaneal spur (PCS) is a bony outgrowth from the calcaneal tuberosity and has been studied using various methods including cadavers, radiography, histology and surgery. However, there are currently a number of discrepancies in the literature regarding the anatomical relations, histological descriptions and clinical associations of PCS. Historically, authors have described the intrinsic muscles of the foot and/or the plantar fascia as attaching to the PCS. In this article we review the relationship between the PCS and surrounding soft tissues as well as examining the histology of the PCS...
June 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358891/plantar-fascia-enthesopathy-is-highly-prevalent-in-diabetic-patients-without-peripheral-neuropathy-and-correlates-with-retinopathy-and-impaired-kidney-function
#14
Francesco Ursini, Franco Arturi, Kassandra Nicolosi, Antonio Ammendolia, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Saverio Naty, Caterina Bruno, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of plantar fascia (PF) enthesopathy in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without distal peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: We recruited 50 T2DM patients without DPN and 50 healthy controls. DPN was excluded using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI). All patients underwent a bilateral sonographicevaluation of the enthesealportion of the PF. RESULTS: PF thickness was significantly higher in T2DM patients (p<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336421/percutaneous-planter-fasciitis-release-under-local-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#15
Ramji Lal Sahu
PURPOSE: Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. It occurs when the strong band of the tissue supporting the arch of foot becomes irritated and inflamed. The majority of patients can be treated conservatively but some resistant cases need surgery eventually. This study aims to evaluate the outcome results of percutaneous planter fascia release under local anesthesia for chronic planter fasciitis. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, India from December 2010 to December 2013...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334642/partial-fasciectomy-is-a-useful-treatment-option-for-symptomatic-plantar-fibromatosis
#16
Haji Khairul Abd Kadir, Coonoor R Chandrasekar
Plantar fibromatosis is a rare, benign fibroproliferative disorder of the plantar fascia. It is considered as a low-grade tumour and it can be locally aggressive. It can present as painful swelling with impairment of local function. Upon failure of non-operative management, surgical treatment options include total fasciectomy or partial fasciectomy. Although surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment, recurrence rate can be up to 60%. The aim of this study was to determine the recurrence and complication rates of surgically treated plantar fibromatosis...
February 21, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242379/plantar-fascia-segmentation-and-thickness-estimation-in-ultrasound-images
#17
Abdelhafid Boussouar, Farid Meziane, Gillian Crofts
Ultrasound (US) imaging offers significant potential in diagnosis of plantar fascia (PF) injury and monitoring treatment. In particular US imaging has been shown to be reliable in foot and ankle assessment and offers a real-time effective imaging technique that is able to reliably confirm structural changes, such as thickening, and identify changes in the internal echo structure associated with diseased or damaged tissue. Despite the advantages of US imaging, images are difficult to interpret during medical assessment...
March 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241395/applicability-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-of-plantar-fasciitis
#18
Rikke Broholm, Jessica Pingel, Lene Simonsen, Jens Bülow, Finn Johannsen
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is used to visualize the microvascularisation in various tissues. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CEUS could be used to visualize the microvascular volume (MV) in the plantar fascia, and to compare the method to clinical symptoms and B-mode ultrasound (US) in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). 20 patients with unilateral PF were included and were divided by US in insertional thickening (10), midsubstance thickening (5) and no US changes (5). The MV was measured simultaneously in both heels...
February 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224272/biomechanical-evaluation-of-reconstruction-plates-with-locking-nonlocking-and-hybrid-screws-configurations-in-calcaneal-fracture-a-finite-element-model-study
#19
Ching-Hsuan Chen, Chinghua Hung, Yu-Chun Hsu, Chen-Sheng Chen, Chao-Ching Chiang
Calcaneal fractures are the most common fractures of the tarsal bones. The stability of fixation is an important factor for successful reconstruction of calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical influence of plate fixation with different combinations of locking and nonlocking screws during early weight-bearing phase. A three-dimensional FE foot model was established using ANSYS software, which comprised bones, cartilages, plantar fascia, and soft tissue. Calcaneal plate was fixed with whole locking (WLS), whole nonlocking (WNS), and hybrid screw configurations for FE analysis...
February 21, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217420/acute-effects-of-different-self-massage-volumes-on-the-fms%C3%A2-overhead-deep-squat-performance
#20
Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Jakob Škarabot, Andrew D Vigotsky, Amanda Fernandes Brown, Thiago Matassoli Gomes, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
BACKGROUND: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a battery of tests designed to assess movement competency; the overhead deep squat test, specifically, has been shown to be an accurate predictor of overall FMS™ scores. Self-massage (SM) is a ubiquitous warm-up utilized to increase joint range of motion and, therefore, may be effective for improving performance of the overhead deep squat test. PURPOSE: To examine how different doses (30, 60, 90, and 120 seconds) of SM of different areas of the body (plantar fascia, latissimus dorsi, and lateral thigh) affects the score obtained on an overhead deep squat test...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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