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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100429/right-ventricular-function-measured-by-tapse-in-obese-subjects-at-the-time-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-2year-outcomes
#1
Yaser S Alhamshari, Talal Alnabelsi, Ramzi Mulki, Beatriz Cepeda-Valery, Vincent M Figueredo, Abel Romero-Corral
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with significantly better outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a phenomenon known as 'obesity paradox'. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement of right ventricular (RV) function and has prognostic implications at the time of AMI. METHODS: We examined the difference in RV function among patients admitted with AMI according to obesity status. In a single center cohort analysis of 105 patients admitted between 2010 and 2011 with the diagnosis of AMI...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090301/pulmonary-pulse-wave-transit-time-is-associated-with-right-ventricular-pulmonary-artery-coupling-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#2
Kurt W Prins, E Kenneth Weir, Stephen L Archer, Jeremy Markowitz, Lauren Rose, Marc Pritzker, Richard Madlon-Kay, Thenappan Thenappan
Pulmonary pulse wave transit time (pPTT), defined as the time for the systolic pressure pulse wave to travel from the pulmonary valve to the pulmonary veins, has been reported to be reduced in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, the underlying mechanism of reduced pPTT is unknown. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that abbreviated pPTT in PAH results from impaired right ventricular-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling. We quantified pPTT using pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound from 10 healthy age- and sex-matched controls and 36 patients with PAH...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070903/myocardial-deformation-in-pediatric-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-a-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-study
#3
Francesco Borgia, Enrica Pezzullo, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Regina Sorrentino, Francesco Lo Iudice, Sara Cocozza, Roberto Della Casa, Giancarlo Parenti, Pietro Strisciuglio, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiency of required glycosaminoglycans breakdown enzymes, inducing cardiac involvement. Little is known about myocardial deformation involvement in MPS. Our aim was to assess biventricular structure and function in asymptomatic children with MPS using standard echo Doppler and 2D speckle tracking (STE). METHODS: Fifteen MPS children (one type I, six type II, three type III A, one III B, three IV A, one VI), asymptomatic for cardiac symptoms, and 15 age and sex-matched healthy controls underwent echo Doppler and STE...
January 10, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057097/-assessment-right-atrial-function-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-by-speckle-tracking-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#4
X Y Ge, L Shao, Z L Zheng
Objective: To evaluate right atrial function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with normal pulmonary pressure by using two dimensional-speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography(RT-3DE). Methods: A totoal of 40 patients with SLE and 40 control subjects were collected between December 2011 and May 2014 from Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital. Right atrial global longitudinal strain (RAGLS) and all kinds of right atrium volume index (RAVI) were detected...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052583/pulmonary-hypertension-in-advanced-lung-diseases-echocardiography-as-an-important-part-of-patient-evaluation-for-lung-transplantation
#5
Jolanta Nowak, Bartosz Hudzik, Dariusz Jastrze Bski, Jacek T Niedziela, Piotr Rozentryt, Jacek Wojarski, Marek Ochman, Wojciech Karolak, Sławomir Żegleń, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common complication in advanced lung disease. Echocardiography provides additional information and may be useful to assess PH probability. OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of combination of well-known echocardiographic parameters in detecting PH in patients with advanced lung disease referred for lung transplantation was evaluated. METHODS: The study population consisted of 37 consecutive patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 20 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and 8 patients with other interstitial lung diseases...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040272/myocardial-strain-may-be-useful-in-differentiating-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-from-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-ischemia
#6
LiYing Cai, Karima Addetia, Diego Medvedofsky, Kirk T Spencer
BACKGROUND: Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SCM) is characterized by transient apical wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle (LV) in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Although the echocardiographic findings of SCM mimic those of left anterior descending coronary artery ischemia or infarction (LAD), the regional LV wall motion pattern and degree of RV involvement may differ. METHODS: We sought to systematically assess regional LV and RV function with myocardial strain imaging to assess if ventricular involvement may differ between SCM and LAD...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034627/two-dimensional-right-ventricular-strain-by-speckle-tracking-for-assessment-of-longitudinal-right-ventricular-function-after-paediatric-congenital-heart-disease-surgery
#7
Clement Karsenty, Khaled Hadeed, Yves Dulac, Florent Semet, Xavier Alacoque, Sophie Breinig, Bertrand Leobon, Philippe Acar, Sebastien Hascoet
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) function is a prognostic marker of cardiac disease in children. Speckle tracking has been developed to assess RV longitudinal shortening, the dominant deformation during systole; little is known about its feasibility in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of RV two-dimensional (2D) strain assessed by speckle tracking in infants undergoing CHD surgery compared with conventional markers...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998847/the-failing-right-heart-implications-and-evolution-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#8
Luca Testa, Azeem Latib, Federico De Marco, Marco De Carlo, Claudia Fiorina, Marco Barbanti, Rocco A Montone, Mauro Agnifili, Anna Sonia Petronio, Federica Ettori, Silvio Klugmann, Corrado Tamburino, Nedy Brambilla, Antonio Colombo, Francesco Bedogni
AIMS: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVdy) is negatively associated with survival after left heart valve surgery. It is unclear whether RVdy has the same impact in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of different grades of RVdy on TAVI, with and without concomitant left ventricular dysfunction (LVdy), and the possible impact of TAVI on RVdy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 870 consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI, 226 patients (26%) presented with a concomitant diagnosis of RVdy...
December 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995291/assessing-myocardial-function-in-infants-with-pulmonary-hypertension-the-role-of-tissue-doppler-imaging-and-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion
#9
Chalese Richardson, Cynthia Amirtharaj, Dorota Gruber, Denise A Hayes
Transthoracic echocardiography is the most common noninvasive method of evaluating pulmonary hypertension (PH) in infants. Identification of reliable, quantitative indices of myocardial function may enhance the diagnostic value of echocardiography in this population. We hypothesized that pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) would be reproducible measurements and would suggest decreased ventricular function, in infants with PH. This retrospective case-control study involved subjects diagnosed clinically and echocardiographically with PH at <12 months of age, matched with controls by age and gestational age (GA)...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990701/maintained-right-ventricular-pressure-overload-induces-ventricular-arterial-decoupling-in-mice
#10
Mario Boehm, Allan Lawrie, Jochen Wilhelm, Hossein A Ghofrani, Friedrich Grimminger, Norbert Weissmann, Werner Seeger, Ralph T Schermuly, Baktybek Kojonazarov
Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function in rodents is a challenge due to the complex RV anatomy and structure. Subsequently, the best characterization of RV function is achieved by accurate cardiovascular phenotyping, involving a combination of non-invasive imaging and intra-cardiac pressure-volume measurements. We sought to investigate the feasibility of two complementary phenotyping techniques for the evaluation of RV function in an experimental mouse model of sustained RV pressure overload. Mice underwent either Sham surgery (n = 5) or pulmonary artery banding (PAB) (n = 8) to induce isolated RV pressure overload...
December 19, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977616/clinical-study-of-right-ventricular-longitudinal-strain-for-assessing-right-ventricular-dysfunction-and-hemodynamics-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
Yidan Li, Yidan Wang, Xiaoguang Ye, Lingyun Kong, Weiwei Zhu, Xiuzhang Lu
This study aimed to appraise the application of right ventricular longitudinal strain for assessing right ventricular dysfunction and severe hemodynamic changes in pulmonary hypertension. The study included 53 patients clinically diagnosed with PH. Tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (s'), early diastolic peak velocity (e'), late diastolic peak velocity (a'), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP), and right ventricular fractional area change (FAC) were determined...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943062/longitudinal-function-and-ventricular-dyssynchrony-are-restored-in-children-with-pulmonary-stenosis-after-percutaneous-balloon-pulmonary-valvuloplasty
#12
Ragab A Mahfouz, Tamer M Moustafa, Mohammad Gouda, Marwa Gad
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty on longitudinal ventricular dysfunction and cardiac dyssynchrony in children with congenital moderately severe pulmonary stenosis (PS). Forty-eight children with congenital moderately severe valvular pulmonary stenosis and 36 age-matched normal children were included. Successful percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty was performed for children with PS. Longitudinal Cardiac function and myocardial synchrony was assessed by echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933640/tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-as-a-marker-of-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-pediatric-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#13
Ericka S McLaughlin, Curtis Travers, William L Border, Shriprasad Deshpande, Ritu Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) is a predictor of outcomes in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in adults, but little is known in children. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) has emerged as a reliable tool to assess RVSD. We sought to determine the prevalence and prognostic significance of RVSD using TAPSE in children with DCM. METHODS: The first echocardiogram at the time of diagnosis with DCM was analyzed to obtain left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and 2D TAPSE...
December 9, 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916237/transesophageal-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-improves-right-ventricular-systolic-function-assessment-in-the-perioperative-setting
#14
Nicholas W Markin, Mohammed Chamsi-Pasha, Jiangtao Luo, Walker R Thomas, Tara R Brakke, Thomas R Porter, Sasha K Shillcutt
BACKGROUND: Perioperative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) systolic function is important to follow intraoperative changes, but it is often not possible to assess with transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) imaging, because of surgical field constraints. Echocardiographic RV quantification is most commonly performed using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), but it is not clear whether this method works with transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) imaging. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between TTE and TEE TAPSE distances measured with M-mode imaging and in comparison with speckle-tracking TTE and TEE measurements...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909490/effects-of-atrial-fibrillation-cardioversion-after-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-on-echocardiographic-left-and-right-atrial-functions
#15
Ayman Morttada Md, Aly Ramzy Md, Said Khaled Md, Amal Ayoub Md, Sameh Samir Md, Hossam Zaki Md
Amongst patients with mitral stenosis (MS), the most common complication is AF.Our study aimed at evaluating the effect of AF cardioversion after Percutaneous Mitral Balloon Valvuloplasty (PMBV) on echocardiographic atrial functions. The study included 34 patients with MS and AF, presenting to Ain-shams University hospitals, who underwent successful PMBV then randomized into 2 different groups according to AF management strategy. Group-I patients (n=16) received DC cardioversion after amiodarone infusion (within 24 hours post-PMBV) in addition to anticoagulation...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884609/tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-comparing-transthoracic-to-transesophageal-echocardiography
#16
Henry Skinner, Hazlyna Kamaruddin, Thomas Mathew
OBJECTIVE: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) represents movement of the lateral annulus of the tricuspid valve toward the apex and denotes right ventricular contractility in the long axis. In transesophageal echocardiography with the probe in the mid-esophagus, TAPSE occurs at a significant angle to the M-mode scan line. The authors describe a novel method to assess TAPSE in 2 dimensions (2D) and compare this with an established method. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871765/-evaluation-of-cardiac-function-in-a-group-of-small-for-gestational-age-school-age-children-treated-with-growth-hormone
#17
Esther Aurensanz Clemente, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Pilar Samper Villagrasa, Pablo Ruiz Frontera, Gloria Bueno Lozano
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) patients have an increased risk of developing a cardiovascular pathology, as well as a metabolic syndrome. Our objective is to evaluate the cardiac morphology and function of SGA children treated with growth hormone (GH), identifying changes that could potentially have long-term consequences. METHODS: We selected 23 SGA school-age patients and 23 healthy children. We measured their weight, height, blood pressure and heart rate...
November 18, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860029/different-correlates-but-similar-prognostic-implications-for-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-patients-with-reduced-or-preserved-ejection-fraction
#18
Stefano Ghio, Marco Guazzi, Angela Beatrice Scardovi, Catherine Klersy, Francesco Clemenza, Erberto Carluccio, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Andrea Rossi, Pompilio Faggiano, Egidio Traversi, Olga Vriz, Frank Lloyd Dini
AIMS: To evaluate whether the clinical and echocardiographic correlates and the prognostic significance of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are different in heart failure patients with reduced (HFrEF), mid-range (HFmrEF), or preserved (HFpEF) left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 1663 patients with heart failure caused by ischaemic or hypertensive heart disease or by idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular ejection fraction was <40% in 1123 patients (HFrEF), 40-49% in 156 patients (HFmrEF) and ≥50% in 384 patients (HFpEF)...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854396/maternal-cardiac-function-after-hellp-syndrome-an-echocardiographic-study
#19
Rossana Orabona, Enrico Vizzardi, Edoardo Sciatti, Federico Prefumo, Ivano Bonadei, Adriana Valcamonico, Marco Metra, Tiziana Frusca
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal hemodynamics in asymptomatic women with a pregnancy complicated by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome, and compare it with patients with a previous preeclampsia (PE) and controls with uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: Women with a history of PE (n = 60) or HELLP syndrome (n = 49) and matched healthy controls (n = 60) underwent an echocardiographic examination 6 months-4 years after delivery, recording left ventricular (LV) dimensions, ejection fraction (LVEF) and mass, right ventricular (RV) tricuspid annular plane systolic movement (TAPSE) and fractional area changing (FAC)...
November 10, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812790/the-role-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-reducing-cardiovascular-risk
#20
Tromba Luciana, Tartaglia Francesco, Carbotta Sabino, Sforza Nadia, Pelle Fabio, Colagiovanni Vanessa, Carbotta Giovanni, Cavaiola Stefania, Casella Giovanni
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an independent cardiovascular risk factor and a catalyst of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We analyzed cardiovascular risk in obese patients before and after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). To this end, we studied changes in body mass index (BMI), blood chemistry parameters that characterize the risk of atherosclerosis and instrumental parameters (objective markers of this risk), namely intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD), the latter reflecting endothelial function...
November 4, 2016: Obesity Surgery
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