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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194742/predictability-of-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-for-the-effectiveness-of-tolvaptan-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Toru Niwa, Katsuhisa Waseda, Tomofumi Mizuno, Yusuke Nakano, Kentaro Mukai, Hirokazu Wakabayashi, Atsushi Watanabe, Hirohiko Ando, Hiroaki Takashima, Tetsuya Amano
BACKGROUND: There is no echocardiographic predictor of the effectiveness of tolvaptan in patients with heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to investigate the echocardiographic predictor of responders to tolvaptan in patients with HF. METHODS: This observational study consisted of 62 consecutive in-hospital patients with HF who received tolvaptan with volume overload despite standard therapies. The echocardiography data were obtained within 1 week before the administration of tolvaptan...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187374/the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-non-invasive-parameters-obtained-by-echocardiography-and-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-comparison-with-the-hemodynamic-assessment-by-the-right-heart-catheterization-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#2
Katarzyna Ptaszyńska-Kopczyńska, Anna Krentowska, Emilia Sawicka, Anna Skoneczny, Małgorzata Jasiewicz, Małgorzata Knapp, Włodzimierz J Musiał, Bożena Sobkowicz, Karol A Kamiński
PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) diagnosis requires invasive assessment by right heart catheterization (RHC), but screening and monitoring are performed using non-invasive methods: echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). The aim of the study was to assess correlations between the parameters obtained in non-invasive testing and RHC in patients with PH of different etiologies. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study included 53 medical records of PH patients (32 women) aged 29-81 years...
June 14, 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120156/investigating-the-value-of-right-heart-echocardiographic-metrics-for-detection-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-disease
#3
Myriam Amsallem, David Boulate, Zoe Kooreman, Roham T Zamanian, Guillaume Fadel, Ingela Schnittger, Elie Fadel, Michael V McConnell, Gundeep Dhillon, Olaf Mercier, François Haddad
This study determined whether novel right heart echocardiography metrics help to detect pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with advanced lung disease (ALD). We reviewed echocardiography and catheterization data of 192 patients from the Stanford ALD registry and echocardiograms of 50 healthy controls. Accuracy of echocardiographic right heart metrics to detect PH was assessed using logistic regression and area under the ROC curves (AUC) analysis. Patients were divided into a derivation (n = 92) and validation cohort (n = 100)...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110433/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-cardiac-valve-plane-displacement-in-healthy-adults-age-stratified-normal-values-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#4
Marco M Ochs, Thomas Fritz, Florian André, Johannes Riffel, Derliz Mereles, Matthias Müller-Hennessen, Evangelos Giannitsis, Hugo A Katus, Matthias G Friedrich, Sebastian J Buss
Cardiac valve plane displacement (CVPD) reflects longitudinal LV function. The purpose of the present study was to determine regional heterogeneity of CVPD in healthy adults to provide normal values by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). We measured the anterior aortic plane systolic excursion (AAPSE); the anterior, anterolateral, inferolateral, inferior, and inferoseptal mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE); and the lateral tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). Systolic excursion was measured as the distance from peak end-diastolic to peak end-sysstolic annular position (peak-to-peak) in cine images acquired in 2-, 3- and 4-chamber views...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100429/right-ventricular-function-measured-by-tapse-in-obese-subjects-at-the-time-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-2year-outcomes
#5
Yaser S Alhamshari, Talal Alnabelsi, Ramzi Mulki, Beatriz Cepeda-Valery, Vincent M Figueredo, Abel Romero-Corral
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with significantly better outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a phenomenon known as 'obesity paradox'. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement of right ventricular (RV) function and has prognostic implications at the time of AMI. METHODS: We examined the difference in RV function among patients admitted with AMI according to obesity status. In a single center cohort analysis of 105 patients admitted between 2010 and 2011 with the diagnosis of AMI...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090301/pulmonary-pulse-wave-transit-time-is-associated-with-right-ventricular-pulmonary-artery-coupling-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#6
Kurt W Prins, E Kenneth Weir, Stephen L Archer, Jeremy Markowitz, Lauren Rose, Marc Pritzker, Richard Madlon-Kay, Thenappan Thenappan
Pulmonary pulse wave transit time (pPTT), defined as the time for the systolic pressure pulse wave to travel from the pulmonary valve to the pulmonary veins, has been reported to be reduced in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, the underlying mechanism of reduced pPTT is unknown. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that abbreviated pPTT in PAH results from impaired right ventricular-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling. We quantified pPTT using pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound from 10 healthy age- and sex-matched controls and 36 patients with PAH...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070903/myocardial-deformation-in-pediatric-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-a-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-study
#7
Francesco Borgia, Enrica Pezzullo, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Regina Sorrentino, Francesco Lo Iudice, Sara Cocozza, Roberto Della Casa, Giancarlo Parenti, Pietro Strisciuglio, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiency of required glycosaminoglycans breakdown enzymes, inducing cardiac involvement. Little is known about myocardial deformation involvement in MPS. Our aim was to assess biventricular structure and function in asymptomatic children with MPS using standard echo Doppler and 2D speckle tracking (STE). METHODS: Fifteen MPS children (one type I, six type II, three type III A, one III B, three IV A, one VI), asymptomatic for cardiac symptoms, and 15 age and sex-matched healthy controls underwent echo Doppler and STE...
January 10, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057097/-assessment-right-atrial-function-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-by-speckle-tracking-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#8
X Y Ge, L Shao, Z L Zheng
Objective: To evaluate right atrial function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with normal pulmonary pressure by using two dimensional-speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography(RT-3DE). Methods: A totoal of 40 patients with SLE and 40 control subjects were collected between December 2011 and May 2014 from Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital. Right atrial global longitudinal strain (RAGLS) and all kinds of right atrium volume index (RAVI) were detected...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052583/pulmonary-hypertension-in-advanced-lung-diseases-echocardiography-as-an-important-part-of-patient-evaluation-for-lung-transplantation
#9
Jolanta Nowak, Bartosz Hudzik, Dariusz Jastrze Bski, Jacek T Niedziela, Piotr Rozentryt, Jacek Wojarski, Marek Ochman, Wojciech Karolak, Sławomir Żegleń, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common complication in advanced lung disease. Echocardiography provides additional information and may be useful to assess PH probability. OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of combination of well-known echocardiographic parameters in detecting PH in patients with advanced lung disease referred for lung transplantation was evaluated. METHODS: The study population consisted of 37 consecutive patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 20 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and 8 patients with other interstitial lung diseases...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040272/myocardial-strain-may-be-useful-in-differentiating-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-from-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-ischemia
#10
LiYing Cai, Karima Addetia, Diego Medvedofsky, Kirk T Spencer
BACKGROUND: Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SCM) is characterized by transient apical wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle (LV) in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Although the echocardiographic findings of SCM mimic those of left anterior descending coronary artery ischemia or infarction (LAD), the regional LV wall motion pattern and degree of RV involvement may differ. METHODS: We sought to systematically assess regional LV and RV function with myocardial strain imaging to assess if ventricular involvement may differ between SCM and LAD...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034627/two-dimensional-right-ventricular-strain-by-speckle-tracking-for-assessment-of-longitudinal-right-ventricular-function-after-paediatric-congenital-heart-disease-surgery
#11
Clement Karsenty, Khaled Hadeed, Yves Dulac, Florent Semet, Xavier Alacoque, Sophie Breinig, Bertrand Leobon, Philippe Acar, Sebastien Hascoet
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) function is a prognostic marker of cardiac disease in children. Speckle tracking has been developed to assess RV longitudinal shortening, the dominant deformation during systole; little is known about its feasibility in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of RV two-dimensional (2D) strain assessed by speckle tracking in infants undergoing CHD surgery compared with conventional markers...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998847/the-failing-right-heart-implications-and-evolution-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
Luca Testa, Azeem Latib, Federico De Marco, Marco De Carlo, Claudia Fiorina, Marco Barbanti, Rocco A Montone, Mauro Agnifili, Anna Sonia Petronio, Federica Ettori, Silvio Klugmann, Corrado Tamburino, Nedy Brambilla, Antonio Colombo, Francesco Bedogni
AIMS: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVdy) is negatively associated with survival after left heart valve surgery. It is unclear whether RVdy has the same impact in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of different grades of RVdy on TAVI, with and without concomitant left ventricular dysfunction (LVdy), and the possible impact of TAVI on RVdy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 870 consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI, 226 patients (26%) presented with a concomitant diagnosis of RVdy...
December 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995291/assessing-myocardial-function-in-infants-with-pulmonary-hypertension-the-role-of-tissue-doppler-imaging-and-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion
#13
Chalese Richardson, Cynthia Amirtharaj, Dorota Gruber, Denise A Hayes
Transthoracic echocardiography is the most common noninvasive method of evaluating pulmonary hypertension (PH) in infants. Identification of reliable, quantitative indices of myocardial function may enhance the diagnostic value of echocardiography in this population. We hypothesized that pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) would be reproducible measurements and would suggest decreased ventricular function, in infants with PH. This retrospective case-control study involved subjects diagnosed clinically and echocardiographically with PH at <12 months of age, matched with controls by age and gestational age (GA)...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990701/maintained-right-ventricular-pressure-overload-induces-ventricular-arterial-decoupling-in-mice
#14
Mario Boehm, Allan Lawrie, Jochen Wilhelm, Hossein A Ghofrani, Friedrich Grimminger, Norbert Weissmann, Werner Seeger, Ralph T Schermuly, Baktybek Kojonazarov
What is the central question of this study? The aim was to investigate whether complementary assessment of non-invasive ultrasound imaging together with closed chest-derived intracardiac pressure-volume catheterization is applicable to mice for an in-depth characterization of right ventricular (RV) function even upon maintained pressure overload. What is the main finding and its importance? Characterization of RV function by the complementary use of echocardiographic imaging together with pressure-volume catheterization reveals ventricular-arterial decoupling upon maintained pressure overload, where RV systolic function correlates with ventricular-arterial coupling rather than contractility, whereas diastolic function correlates well with RV diastolic pressure...
February 1, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977616/clinical-study-of-right-ventricular-longitudinal-strain-for-assessing-right-ventricular-dysfunction-and-hemodynamics-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#15
Yidan Li, Yidan Wang, Xiaoguang Ye, Lingyun Kong, Weiwei Zhu, Xiuzhang Lu
This study aimed to appraise the application of right ventricular longitudinal strain for assessing right ventricular dysfunction and severe hemodynamic changes in pulmonary hypertension. The study included 53 patients clinically diagnosed with PH. Tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (s'), early diastolic peak velocity (e'), late diastolic peak velocity (a'), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP), and right ventricular fractional area change (FAC) were determined...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943062/longitudinal-function-and-ventricular-dyssynchrony-are-restored-in-children-with-pulmonary-stenosis-after-percutaneous-balloon-pulmonary-valvuloplasty
#16
Ragab A Mahfouz, Tamer M Moustafa, Mohammad Gouda, Marwa Gad
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty on longitudinal ventricular dysfunction and cardiac dyssynchrony in children with congenital moderately severe pulmonary stenosis (PS). Forty-eight children with congenital moderately severe valvular pulmonary stenosis and 36 age-matched normal children were included. Successful percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty was performed for children with PS. Longitudinal Cardiac function and myocardial synchrony was assessed by echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933640/tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-as-a-marker-of-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-pediatric-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#17
Ericka S McLaughlin, Curtis Travers, William L Border, Shriprasad Deshpande, Ritu Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) is a predictor of outcomes in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in adults, but little is known in children. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) has emerged as a reliable tool to assess RVSD. We sought to determine the prevalence and prognostic significance of RVSD using TAPSE in children with DCM. METHODS: The first echocardiogram at the time of diagnosis with DCM was analyzed to obtain left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and 2D TAPSE...
January 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916237/transesophageal-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-improves-right-ventricular-systolic-function-assessment-in-the-perioperative-setting
#18
Nicholas W Markin, Mohammed Chamsi-Pasha, Jiangtao Luo, Walker R Thomas, Tara R Brakke, Thomas R Porter, Sasha K Shillcutt
BACKGROUND: Perioperative evaluation of right ventricular (RV) systolic function is important to follow intraoperative changes, but it is often not possible to assess with transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) imaging, because of surgical field constraints. Echocardiographic RV quantification is most commonly performed using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), but it is not clear whether this method works with transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) imaging. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between TTE and TEE TAPSE distances measured with M-mode imaging and in comparison with speckle-tracking TTE and TEE measurements...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909490/effects-of-atrial-fibrillation-cardioversion-after-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-on-echocardiographic-left-and-right-atrial-functions
#19
Ayman Morttada Md, Aly Ramzy Md, Said Khaled Md, Amal Ayoub Md, Sameh Samir Md, Hossam Zaki Md
Amongst patients with mitral stenosis (MS), the most common complication is AF.Our study aimed at evaluating the effect of AF cardioversion after Percutaneous Mitral Balloon Valvuloplasty (PMBV) on echocardiographic atrial functions. The study included 34 patients with MS and AF, presenting to Ain-shams University hospitals, who underwent successful PMBV then randomized into 2 different groups according to AF management strategy. Group-I patients (n=16) received DC cardioversion after amiodarone infusion (within 24 hours post-PMBV) in addition to anticoagulation...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884609/tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-comparing-transthoracic-to-transesophageal-echocardiography
#20
Henry Skinner, Hazlyna Kamaruddin, Thomas Mathew
OBJECTIVE: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) represents movement of the lateral annulus of the tricuspid valve toward the apex and denotes right ventricular contractility in the long axis. In transesophageal echocardiography with the probe in the mid-esophagus, TAPSE occurs at a significant angle to the M-mode scan line. The authors describe a novel method to assess TAPSE in 2 dimensions (2D) and compare this with an established method. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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