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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445936/pulmonary-arterial-hemodynamic-assessment-by-a-novel-index-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients-pulmonary-pulse-transit-time
#1
Mehmet Dogan, Tolga Han Efe, Tolga Cimen, Cem Ozisler, Mehmet Ali Felekoglu, Ahmet Goktug Ertem, Mehmet Erat, Omer Yiginer, Murat Tulmac
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, inflammatory, and autoimmune connective tissue disease that is associated with vascular lesions, and fibrosis of the skin and visceral organs. Cardiac complications may occur as a secondary effect of SSc as a result of pulmonary arterial hypertension and interstitial lung disease. The objective of this study was to assess whether the pulmonary pulse transit time (pPTT) could serve as a diagnostic marker for pulmonary arterial alterations in patients with SSc, prior to development of pulmonary hypertension...
February 14, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445537/neural-respiratory-drive-and-cardiac-function-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-following-initiation-of-non-invasive-ventilation
#2
Angelo Onofri, Maxime Patout, Georgios Kaltsakas, Elodie Lhuillier, Sitali Mushemi-Blake, Gill Arbane, Martino F Pengo, Philip Marino, Joerg Steier
Background: Chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (HRF) in obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is commonly treated using non-invasive ventilation (NIV). We hypothesised that treatment of OHS would improve neural respiratory drive index (NRDI) and cardiac function. Methods: Fourteen patients (8 females) with OHS, who were admitted for initiation of domiciliary NIV, were prospectively studied. Patients had (mean ± SD): age (53±10 years), body mass index (BMI) (50...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435740/rv-fractional-area-change-and-tapse-as-predictors-of-severe-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-pulmonary-hypertension-a-cmr-study
#3
Susana Hoette, Nicolas Creuzé, Sven Günther, David Montani, Laurent Savale, Xavier Jaïs, Florence Parent, Olivier Sitbon, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Gerald Simonneau, Marc Humbert, Rogerio Souza, Denis Chemla
BACKGROUND: The right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) is a surrogate marker of right ventricular function in pulmonary hypertension (PH), but its measurement is complicated and time consuming. The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) measures only the longitudinal component of RV contraction while the right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) takes into account both the longitudinal and the transversal components. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between RVEF, RVFAC, and TAPSE according to hemodynamic severity in two groups of patients with PH: pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH)...
February 12, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422266/right-ventricular-systolic-function-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Ben Ren, Ernest Spitzer, Marcel L Geleijnse, Felix Zijlstra, Peter P T de Jaegere, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Jan G Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction is associated with worse survival in patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), yet it is not included in traditional risk scores of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) candidates. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of RV systolic function on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI at one year follow-up; and, echocardiographic changes of RV systolic function up to 12 months after TAVI and compared with SAVR when possible...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416586/brain-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-acute-inferior-myocardial-infarction
#5
Tarik Yildirim, Seda Elcim Yildirim, Meryem Aktoz, Armagan Altun
Background: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between initial serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and right ventricular functions in inferior myocardial infarction (MI) with and without right ventricular involvement. Methods: The study included 61 patients, who presented with acute inferior MI. Twenty-seven patients had right ventricular involvement. Blood samples for BNP were obtained from each patient on admission. Echocardiographic assessments were performed and recorded during the first 12 h...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416213/the-role-of-doppler-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-right-ventricular-function-a-case-control-study-of-acute-inferior-wall-infarction
#6
Mojdeh Dabirian, Mohsen Aarabi, Maryam Nabati, Babak Bagheri, Shideh Nikoohemat, Vahid Mokhberi, Aliasghar Farsavian, Hadi Darvishi-Khezri
Background: Right ventricular infarction (RVI) develops in 30-50% of patients with inferior wall infarction (IWI). The rates of mortality, morbidity, and complications in these patients are greater than in the patients without RVI. We compared the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) indices between a group of patients with IWI and RVI, with a similar group of patients who had IWI alone to investigate the application of TDI indices in the evaluation and detection of right ventricular function...
February 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405511/a-flattening-oxygen-consumption-trajectory-phenotypes-disease-severity-and-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-mid-range-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#7
Dejana Popovic, Ross Arena, Marco Guazzi
BACKGROUND: In heart failure (HF), a flattening oxygen consumption (VO2 ) trajectory during cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) reflects an acutely compromised cardiac output. We hypothesized that a flattening VO2 trajectory is helpful in phenotyping disease severity and prognosis in HF with either reduced (HFrEF), mid-range (HFmrEF), or preserved (HFpEF) ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 319 HF patients (198 HFrEF, 80 HFmrEF, and 41 HFpEF) underwent CPET...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387425/comparison-of-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-with-fractional-area-change-for-the-evaluation-of-right-ventricular-systolic-function-a-meta-analysis
#8
Justin Z Lee, See-Wei Low, Ahmed K Pasha, Carol L Howe, Kwan S Lee, Prakash G Suryanarayana
Background: Accurate determination of right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) is challenging because of the unique geometry of the right ventricle. Tricuspidannular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and fractional area change (FAC) are commonly used echocardiographic quantitative estimates of RV function. Cardiac MRI (CMRI) has emerged as the gold standard for assessment of RVEF. We sought to summarise the available data on correlation of TAPSE and FAC with CMRI-derived RVEF and to compare their accuracy...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383465/the-feasibility-of-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-performed-by-transesophageal-echocardiography-throughout-heart-surgery-and-its-interchangeability-with-transthoracic-echocardiography
#9
A Korshin, L Grønlykke, J C Nilsson, H Møller-Sørensen, N Ihlemann, M Kjøller, S Damgaard, P Lehnert, C Hassager, J Kjaergaard, H B Ravn
Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is a robust measure of RV function, but the performance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) measured TAPSE during surgery is not well established. We aim to evaluate feasibility of various TEE views before, during and after surgery. Furthermore, we compare performance of individual TEE measurements depending on view and method (AMM- and M-mode as well as 2D) as well as TAPSE measured using TEE with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) TAPSE. The study was conducted from January 2015 through September 2016...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380563/cd34-cell-transplantation-improves-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-nonischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#10
Sabina Frljak, Martina Jaklic, Gregor Zemljic, Andraz Cerar, Gregor Poglajen, Bojan Vrtovec
We investigated the effects of CD34+cell therapy on right ventricular (RV) function in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We enrolled 60 patients with DCM who were randomized to CD34+cell therapy (Stem Cells (SC) Group n = 30), or no cell therapy (Controls, n = 30). The SC Group received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, and CD34+cells were collected by apheresis and injected transendocardially. Patients were followed for 6 months. At baseline, the groups did not differ in age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction, N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide, or parameters of RV function...
February 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377172/high-risk-inferior-myocardial-infarction-can-speckle-tracking-predict-proximal-right-coronary-lesions
#11
Hisham Samir Roshdy, Ibtesam Ibrahim El-Dosouky, Mohammad Hassan Soliman
BACKGROUND: It is important to diagnose right ventricular (RV) infarction in the setting of acute inferior myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of RV infarction and identify a high-risk subset of inferior MI patients with proximal RCA lesions. HYPOTHESIS: We tried to find the link between speckle tracking and coronaries in high risk inferior infarction METHODS: This study included 68 patients within 24 hours of first acute inferior MI...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375106/tricuspid-regurgitation-peak-gradient-trpg-tricuspid-annulus-plane-systolic-excursion-tapse-%C3%A3-a-novel-parameter-for-stepwise-echocardiographic-risk-stratification-in-normotensive-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#12
Michał Ciurzyński, Katarzyna Kurnicka, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Marta Kozłowska, Magdalena Pływaczewska, Piotr Sobieraj, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Sylwia Goliszek, Piotr Bienias, Maciej Kostrubiec, Piotr Pruszczyk
BACKGROUND: Patients with intermediate-risk acute pulmonary embolism (APE) are a heterogeneous group with an early mortality rate of 2-15%. The tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and tricuspid regurgitation peak gradient (TRPG) can be used for risk stratification, so we analyzed the prognostic value of a new echo parameter (TRPG/TAPSE) for prediction of APE-related 30-day death or need for rescue thrombolysis in initially normotensive APE patients.Methods and Results:The study group consists of 400 non-high-risk APE patients (191 men, age: 63...
January 26, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367547/the-dark-side-of-the-moon-the-right-ventricle
#13
REVIEW
Massimiliano Foschi, Michele Di Mauro, Fabrizio Tancredi, Carlo Capparuccia, Renata Petroni, Luigi Leonzio, Silvio Romano, Sabina Gallina, Maria Penco, Mario Cibelli, Antonio Calafiore
The aim of this review article is to summarize current knowledge of the pathophysiology underlying right ventricular failure (RVF), focusing, in particular, on right ventricular assessment and prognosis. The right ventricle (RV) can tolerate volume overload well, but is not able to sustain pressure overload. Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), as a response to increased afterload, can be adaptive or maladaptive. The easiest and most common way to assess the RV is by two-dimensional (2D) trans-thoracic echocardiography measuring surrogate indexes, such as tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), fractional area change (FAC), and tissue Doppler velocity of the lateral aspect of the tricuspid valvular plane...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333219/clinical-utility-of-echocardiography-for-early-and-late-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-infants-relation-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#14
Yo Han Seo, Hee Joung Choi
Background: We evaluated early and late pulmonary hypertension (PH) in preterm infants and its relation with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods: Sixty-seven preterm infants < 30 weeks' gestation underwent echocardiography within 14 days after birth for early PH and over 28 days after birth for late PH. We measured tricuspid regurgitation (TR) peak velocity, pulse Doppler-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) of right ventricle (RV) (RV MPI), eccentricity index (EI), and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315873/dominance-of-free-wall-radial-motion-in-global-right-ventricular-function-of-heart-transplant-recipients
#15
Bálint Károly Lakatos, Márton Tokodi, Alexandra Assabiny, Zoltán Tősér, Annamária Kosztin, Alexandra Doronina, Kristóf Rácz, Kinga Bianka Koritsánszky, Viktor Berzsenyi, Endre Németh, Balázs Sax, Attila Kovács, Béla Merkely
Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function using conventional echocardiography might be inadequate as the radial motion of the RV free wall is often neglected. Our aim was to quantify the longitudinal and the radial components of RV function using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in heart transplant (HTX) recipients. 51 HTX patients in stable cardiovascular condition without history of relevant rejection episode or chronic allograft vasculopathy and 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled. RV end-diastolic (EDV) volume and total ejection fraction (TEF) were measured by 3D echocardiography...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314646/right-ventricular-contractile-reserve-in-tetralogy-of-fallot-patients-with-pulmonary-regurgitation
#16
Clotilde Kingsley, Saad Ahmad, John Pappachan, Sujata Khambekar, Thomas Smith, Diane Gardiner, James Shambrook, Shankar Baskar, Ryan Moore, Gruschen Veldtman
BACKGROUND: The right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve is a measure of the dynamic function of the RV and is a sensitive indicator of volume load. This can be measured noninvasively using the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) during exercise. We studied the RV contractile reserve of patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair with varying degree of RV dilation and pulmonary regurgitation (PR), and compared them to a control group. METHODS: Twenty-six patients who had undergone TOF repair (mean age 29 ± 10 years) were identified and stratified into three group based on the presence and severity of RV dilation and PR...
January 5, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304238/improved-right-ventricular-index-of-myocardial-performance-in-the-assessment-of-right-ventricular-function-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#17
Nashmil Hashemi, Lars-Åke Brodin, Anders Hedman, Bassem A Samad, Mahbubul Alam
OBJECTIVES: Decreased right ventricular (RV) longitudinal function following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), as assessed by tricuspid annular systolic excursion (TAPSE) and RV peak systolic velocity (RVS') is a known condition. We aimed to explore the feasibility of the right ventricular index of myocardial performance (RIMP) in the assessment of RV function after CABG at rest and during peak dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). METHODS: Forty-two patients indicated for CABG were included in this study...
January 3, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277303/modified-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-using-transesophageal-echocardiography-and-its-utility-to-predict-postoperative-course-in-heart-transplantation-and-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#18
Yoshihisa Morita, Tura Lencho, Sharadhadevi Gunasekaran, Raj Modak
OBJECTIVES: Perioperative right ventricular (RV) function is important for determining the postoperative course in heart transplantation (HT) and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The authors describe a modified tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (m-TAPSE) using transesophageal echocardiography and assessed its clinical utility in HT and LVAD. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: A single tertiary-care medical center...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238122/right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-heart-failure-in-a-cardiac-clinic-in-southwest-nigeria
#19
Adeseye A Akintunde
Background: Right ventricular (RV) function is an important entity in heart failure. Patients with RV dysfunction (RVD) have poorer prognosis and exercise tolerance than those with preserved RV systolic function. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) has been proposed as a simple and reproducible parameter for the qualitative assessment of RV systolic function/ejection fraction (EF). This study aims at describing RV function/RVD among heart failure patients in a specialized cardiac facility in Southwestern Nigeria...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229260/tapse-a-red-herring-after-cardiac-surgery
#20
EDITORIAL
Timothy M Maus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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