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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784532/short-term-results-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-delayed-and-neglected-achilles-tendon-repair
#1
Hamza Ozer, Yilmaz Ergisi, Gulcan Harput, Mehmet S Senol, Gul Baltaci
Flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer to the calcaneus in the repair of delayed or neglected Achilles tendon (AT) injuries is a viable and dynamic option. Nineteen patients (18 males, 1 female; mean age 47.4 ± 12.4, range 24 to 74, years; body mass index 27.5 ± 4.5, range 23.2 to 38.9, kg/m2 ; interval from injury to surgery 40.8 ± 11.6, range 28 to 60, days) with delayed or neglected repair of AT rupture were included in the present study. FHL transfer to the calcaneus through a single incision and repair of the defect with native tendon lengthening or a tendinous turndown flap was performed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784530/triplane-hallux-abducto-valgus-classification
#2
REVIEW
Daniel J Hatch, Robert D Santrock, Bret Smith, Paul Dayton, Lowell Weil
One of the most common procedures performed in the foot and ankle is correction of hallux abducto valgus deformity or "bunion surgery." Most foot and ankle surgeons recognize the challenges associated with defining each patient's individual deformity and selecting the optimal procedure for the best long-term results. Using current 2-dimensional algorithms that focus on the severity of the transverse plane deformity, surgical outcomes have varied. In the past 10 years, high recurrence and complication rates for popular procedures have been reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781363/karl-ludloff-1864-1945-an-inventive-orthopedic-surgeon-his-work-and-his-surgical-technique-for-the-correction-of-hallux-valgus
#3
Konstantinos Markatos, Georgios Karaoglanis, Christos Damaskos, Nikolaos Garmpis, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Konstantinos Laios, Gregory Tsoucalas
The purpose of this article is to summarize the work and pioneering achievements in the field of orthopedic surgery of the German orthopedic surgeon Karl Ludloff. Ludloff had an impact in the diagnostics, physical examination, orthopedic imaging, and orthopedic surgical technique of his era. He was a pioneer in the surgical treatment of dysplastic hip, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and hallux valgus. His surgical technique for the correction of hallux valgus, initially stabilized with plaster of Paris, remained unpopular among other orthopedic surgeons for decades...
May 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778063/comparison-of-three-dimensional-multi-segmental-foot-models-used-in-clinical-gait-laboratories
#4
Kristen Nicholson, Chris Church, Colton Takata, Tim Niiler, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Nancy Lennon, Julie P Sees, John Henley, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: Many skin-mounted three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models are currently in use for gait analysis. Evidence regarding the repeatability of models, including between trial and between assessors, is mixed, and there are no between model comparisons of kinematic results. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study explores differences in kinematics and repeatability between five three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models. The five models include duPont, Heidelberg, Oxford Child, Leardini, and Utah...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775166/aluminum-foot-insoles-reduce-plantar-forefoot-pressure-and-increase-foot-comfort-for-motorcyclists
#5
Israel Casado-Hernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Daniel López-López, Antonio Gómez-Bernal, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Foot pain and paresthesia are common in cycling, due to plantar pressure and repetitive loading. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effect of foot insoles on plantar pressure of the foot in motorcycling, as well as self-reported comfort. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized crossover clinical trial. METHODS: A flexible foot pressure mat (GP MobilData WiFi® Gebiomized®) with different sizes was utilized. RESULTS: Maximum pressure values occurred predominantly in the hallux with 4...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772992/rotational-deformity-of-the-first-ray-precludes-accurate-distal-metatarsal-articular-angle-measurement-in-hallux-valgus
#6
David B Frumberg, Qais Naziri, Robert Pivec, Lee Bloom, Barbara Freeman, Jaime A Uribe
The routine workup of hallux valgus includes measurements of the distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA). However, this angle may not be a reliable measurement when rotational deformities occur. Eight matched cadaveric feet were evaluated radiographically using fluoroscopy. The intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux valgus angle, and DMAA were evaluated as a baseline. Then, we assessed whether axial rotation of 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° affected the accuracy of the IMA and the DMAA significantly. Statistical evaluation was performed using Student's t tests and analysis of variance...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772572/lack-of-equipoise-on-ankle-block-after-hallux-valgus-surgery
#7
Mark C Kendall, Lucas Castro Alves
No Abstract.
May 17, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765178/gender-difference-in-factors-affecting-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-height-of-the-foot-in-healthy-young-adults
#8
Katsuhito Nagano, Risako Okuyama, Natsuki Taniguchi, Tomoki Yoshida
[Purpose] Medial longitudinal arch (MLA) height is associated with various injuries and diseases and gender differences, if any. This study aimed to examine factors affecting the MLA height associated with gender differences in healthy subjects with no orthopedic disorders. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 36 healthy adults (19 males, 17 females; mean age, 21.8 ± 3.6 years; body mass index, 21.1 ± 2.0 kg/m2 ). Their height, body weight, foot length, muscle strength of the tibialis posterior muscle (TPM), toe-gripping strength, hallux valgus angle, inversion microdactylia angle, angle of leg-heel alignment, femoro-tibial angle, and navicular height were measured...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763814/inter-segment-foot-motion-in-girls-using-a-three-dimensional-multi-segment-foot-model
#9
Woo Young Jang, Dong Yeon Lee, Hae Woon Jung, Doo Jae Lee, Won Joon Yoo, In Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Several multi-segment foot models (MFMs) have been introduced for in vivo analyses of dynamic foot kinematics. However, the normal gait patterns of healthy children and adolescents remain uncharacterized. We sought to determine normal foot kinematics according to age in clinically normal female children and adolescents using a Foot 3D model. METHODS: Fifty-eight girls (age 7-17 years) with normal function and without radiographic abnormalities were tested...
May 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759927/incidence-of-nonunion-of-the-hallux-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Eric So, Matthew D Wilson, Anson K Chu, Mark A Prissel
Hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis is an effective procedure to treat pain and provide stability and is often performed for intrinsic pain to the hallux interphalangeal joint. Additionally, this procedure is typically used in concert with the Jones tenosuspension. Although this as an accepted technique, the available data are scant, and questions remain regarding nonunion rates and contributory factors to poor healing. A systematic review of the reported data were undertaken to determine the rate of nonunion for hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758978/analysis-of-foot-kinematics-wearing-high-heels-using-the-oxford-foot-model
#11
Meizi Wang, Yaodong Gu, Julien Steven Baker
Wearing high heels is thought to lead to various foot disorders and injuries such as metatarsal pain, Achilles tendon tension, plantar fasciitis and Haglund malformation. However, there is little available information explaining the specific mechanisms and reasons why wearing high heels causes foot deformity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the foot kinematics of high heel wearers and compare any differences with barefoot individuals using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM). Fifteen healthy women aged 20-25 years were measured while walking barefoot and when wearing high heels...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758977/evaluation-of-plantar-pressures-in-people-with-hallux-valgus-using-principal-component-analysis
#12
Kanako Nakajima, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Mitsunori Tada, Masaaki Mochimaru
BACKGROUND: Foot deformities are serious problems in the elderly as they increase the risk of falling. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between foot plantar pressure during gait and hallux valgus (HV). METHODS: Foot-pressure data were recorded using an F-scan II system. We analyzed the entire waveform of plantar pressure during gait from 37 healthy adults using principle component analysis (PCA), conducted using a 370 × 357 matrix of time-normalized plantar data of 7 areas during gait (5 gait trials × 2 (both feet) of 37 participants × 51 data points × 7 plantar areas)...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752219/immediate-weightbearing-after-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-with-screw-and-locking-plate-fixation-a-short-term-review
#13
Kyle W Abben, Matthew D Sorensen, Brett J Waverly
Historically, the postoperative protocol for patients undergoing first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis has included 6 weeks of non-weightbearing, followed by protected weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast boot or postoperative shoe. This prolonged period of non-weightbearing predisposes the patient to disuse atrophy, osteopenia, deep vein thrombosis risk, and, overall, a prolonged time to recovery. The present study reports a retrospective review of a patient cohort that underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion with immediate full weightbearing postoperatively...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731664/perioperative-analgesia-with-a-buprenorphine-transdermal-patch-for-hallux-valgus-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Can Xu, Mingqing Li, Chenggong Wang, Hui Li, Hua Liu
Purpose: Hallux valgus surgery often results in significant postoperative pain. Adequate control of pain is essential for patient satisfaction and improves the outcome of the procedure. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative analgesic effect of a buprenorphine transdermal patch in patients who underwent hallux valgus surgery. Patients and methods: A total of 90 patients were randomly divided into the following three groups based on the perioperative analgesic method: flurbiprofen axetil intravenous injection (Group F), oral celecoxib (Group C), and buprenorphine transdermal delivery system (BTDS) (Group BTDS)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730939/quantifying-patient-reported-disability-and-health-while-waiting-for-bunion-surgery
#15
Jason M Sutherland, Kevin Wing, Murray Penner, Alastair Younger, Guiping Liu, Andrea Veljkovic, Trafford Crump
BACKGROUND: Many patients with hallux valgus progress to experiencing pain and loss of function that requires corrective surgery when nonoperative treatments fail. The primary goal of this study was to measure changes in participants' health while patients waited for their operative correction. METHODS: Patients were prospectively recruited to complete a number of patient-reported outcome measures preoperatively. Baseline data collection was initiated in October 2014, and participants' second surveys were returned by August 2017...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729804/hallux-valgus-a-three-dimensional-approach
#16
EDITORIAL
Woo-Chun Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729803/hallux-valgus-medial-column-instability-and-their-relationship-with-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Steven Blackwood, Leland Gossett
Historically, bunions have focused on the coronal plane; however, there is tension and compression failure in the sagittal plane of the midfoot during arch collapse. Correction of all 3 planes of deformity, coronal, sagittal, and rotational, can be achieved in several ways. Taking a big picture of global foot mechanics by recognizing the common types of conditions associated with arch collapse, including hallux valgus deformities, can serve as a useful roadmap for navigating more complicated deformities where hallux valgus exists...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729802/hallux-valgus-deformity-and-treatment-a-three-dimensional-approach-modified-technique-for-lapidus-procedure
#18
REVIEW
Robert D Santrock, Bret Smith
In a hallux valgus deformity, the problem is deviation of the hallux at the metatarsophalangeal joint and of the first metatarsal at the tarsometatarsal joint. Although anterior-posterior radiograph findings have been prioritized, deviation in the other planes can substantially change visible cues. The modified technique for Lapidus procedure procedure, uses all 3 planes to evaluate and correct the deformity, making radiographic measurements less useful. Using a triplane framework and focusing on the apex of the deformity, all bunions become the same modified technique for Lapidus procedure can be performed regardless of the degree of deformity, always includes triplane correction, and deformity size becomes irrelevant...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729801/hallux-valgus-deformity-and-treatment-a-three-dimensional-approach
#19
REVIEW
Jesse Forbes Doty, Wallace Taylor Harris
The cause and effect between hallux valgus and first ray hypermobility continues to be debated. Understanding the anatomic and radiographic examination of the first metatarsocuneiform (MTC) joint is critical to choosing an appropriate treatment algorithm for the surgical management of hallux valgus deformity. Some studies suggest hypermobility can be corrected without fusing the first MTC joint. Some think hypermobility arises secondarily from malalignment of the soft tissue constraints as the hallux valgus deformity progresses...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729800/proximal-supination-osteotomy-of-the-first-metatarsal-for-hallux-valgus
#20
REVIEW
Ryuzo Okuda
Postoperative recurrence of hallux valgus is a relatively common complication and is associated with unsatisfactory surgical outcomes. Risk factors for postoperative recurrence include a round lateral edge of the first metatarsal head (a positive round sign) and incomplete reduction of the sesamoids. These risk factors may relate to residual pronation of the first metatarsal following surgery. A novel technique of a proximal supination osteotomy, in which varus and pronation of the first metatarsal can be corrected simultaneously, can achieve significant correction in moderate or severe hallux valgus deformity and a low rate of hallux valgus recurrence...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
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