keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hallux

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542878/foot-shape-in-arboreal-birds-two-morphological-patterns-for-the-same-pincer-like-tool
#1
Anick Abourachid, Anne-Claire Fabre, Raphaël Cornette, Elizabeth Höfling
The feet are the only contact between the body and the substrate in limbed animals and as such they provide a crucial interface between the animal and its environment. This is especially true for bipedal and arboreal species living in a complex three-dimensional environment that likely induces strong selection on foot morphology. In birds, foot morphology is highly variable, with different orientations of the toes, making it a good model for the study of the role of functional, developmental, and phylogenetic constraints in the evolution of phenotypic diversity...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539678/evaluation-of-foot-static-disturbances-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases
#2
Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal, Katarzyna Kaniewska, Zofia Dzięcioł-Anikiej, Piotr Adrian Klimiuk
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatic diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis constitute the most frequent pathological states leading to the development of foot deformities, which reduce quality of life and cause disability. The aim of the present study was to compare the results of plantoconturographic examinations, obtained by means of a computer podoscope, in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis patients. Special attention was paid to the differences in the values of each parameter determining the level of foot function...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535691/measuring-joint-flexibility-in-hallux-rigidus-using-a-novel-flexibility-jig
#3
Elizabeth A Cody, Andrew P Kraszewski, Anca Marinescu, Grace C Kunas, Sriniwasan B Mani, Smita Rao, Howard H Hillstrom, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: The flexibility of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in patients with hallux rigidus (HR) has not been studied. Compared to measuring range of motion alone, measures of joint flexibility provide additional information that may prove useful in the assessment of HR. The purpose of this study was to assess the flexibility of the hallux MTP joint in patients with HR compared to controls using a novel flexibility device. METHODS: Fifteen patients with Coughlin stage II or III HR and 20 healthy controls were recruited prospectively...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527835/biomechanical-study-on-surgical-fixation-methods-for-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-hallux-valgus
#4
Rui Mao, Junchao Guo, Chenyu Luo, Yubo Fan, Jianmin Wen, Lizhen Wang
Hallux valgus (HV) was one of the most frequent female foot deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanical responses and stabilities of the Kirschner, bandage and fiberglass fixations after the distal metatarsal osteotomy in HV treatment. Surface traction of different forefoot regions in bandage fixation and the biomechanical behavior of fiberglass bandage material were measured by a pressure sensor device and a mechanical testing, respectively. A three-dimensional foot finite element (FE) model was developed to simulate the three fixation methods (Kirschner, bandage and fiberglass fixations) in weight bearing...
May 17, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523314/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus
#5
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Bogdan Gheorghe Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Bogdan Corneliu Andor, Codrina Mihaela Levai, Ana Cristina Bredicean
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No deformity of the forefoot occurs more frequently than hallux valgus (HV), which is considered to be medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation and rotation of the hallux, either with or without medial soft tissue enlargement of the metatarsal head. The HV deformity can lead to painful motion of the joint or difficulty in daily joint activity that often requires surgical correction. The aims of this study were to investigate the levels of foot pain and quality of life of patients with HV before and after surgery...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504456/performance-of-mycology-and-histopathology-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-toenail-onychomycosis-due-to-filamentous-fungi-dermatophyte-and-non-dermatophyte-moulds
#6
Fernanda G Lavorato, Dávson A Guimarães, Mario G Premazzi, Juan M Piñeiro-Maceira, Andréa R Bernardes-Engemann, Rosane Orofino-Costa
Improvement of laboratory diagnosis of onychomychosis is important so that adequate treatment can be safely implemented. To evaluate and compare the performance of mycological and histopathological examinations in onychomycoses caused by dermatophyte and non-dermatophyte moulds. Patients with lateral/distal subungual onychomycosis in at least one hallux were enrolled in the protocol and assessed via mycological and histopathological tests. The isolation of filamentous fungi was considered the gold standard...
May 15, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501433/responsiveness-of-the-self-administered-foot-evaluation-questionnaire-safe-q-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus
#7
Hisateru Niki, Naoki Haraguchi, Takafumi Aoki, Hiroko Ikezawa, Kazuo Ouchi, Ryuzo Okuda, Masataka Kakihana, Hiroaki Shima, Yasunori Suda, Masato Takao, Yasuhito Tanaka, Kota Watanabe, Shinobu Tatsunami
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the responsiveness of the Self-Administered Foot Evaluation Questionnaire (SAFE-Q) for patient's assessment before and after hallux valgus surgery. METHODS: Patient-reported answers on the SAFE-Q and Short Form-36 (SF-36) before and at a mean of 3-4 and 9-12 months after hallux valgus surgery were analyzed. Data of 100 patients (92 women, eight men) from 36 institutions throughout Japan were used for analysis. RESULTS: In all subscales of the SAFE-Q, the trend of increased scores after surgery was statistically significant (P < 0...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479160/technique-for-preventing-troughing-in-scarf-osteotomy
#8
Su Chan Lee, Seung Hyun Hwang, Chang Hyun Nam, Ji-Hoon Baek, Soon Yong Yoo, Hye Sun Ahn
Scarf osteotomy is a common operative procedure for mild-to-moderate hallux valgus. We describe a simple supportive technique that prevents troughing intraoperatively without additional bony procedures.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476396/nonsurgical-treatment-of-osteomyelitis-of-the-hallux-sesamoids-a%C3%A2-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
Flavien Mauler, Florian Wanivenhaus, Thomas Böni, Martin Berli
The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatment for osteomyelitis of the hallucal sesamoids. Osteomyelitis of the hallucal sesamoids in young and healthy patients is rare and might originate from hematogenous spread or after a puncture wound. In diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy, it often results from direct contiguous seeding from adjacent ulceration. The superiority of surgical versus nonsurgical therapy is still debated. In our institution, all patients presenting with osteomyelitis of the hallucal sesamoids are first treated nonsurgically but eventually usually require a surgical procedure...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476392/gastrocnemius-recession-leads-to-increased-ankle-motion-and-improved-patient-satisfaction-after-2-years-of-follow-up
#10
Julia Alessandra Holtmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Alexander T Mehlhorn
The isolated gastrocnemius contracture present in neurologic healthy patients results in a significant limitation of ankle dorsiflexion causing pathologic gait patterns and a greater risk of further foot disorders. Gastrocnemius recession is an established procedure to increase ankle dorsiflexion. However, little evidence is available of the use of gastrocnemius recession in these patients. Complication rates, recurrence of gastrocnemius contracture, and the prevalence of additional foot disorders needs further evaluation...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476391/rate-of-revision-after-cheilectomy-versus-decompression-osteotomy-in-early-stage-hallux-rigidus
#11
Benjamin Cullen, Alexandria Lila Stern, Glenn Weinraub
Two commonly used procedures for early stage hallux rigidus are cheilectomy and decompression metatarsal osteotomy. However, although both procedures were first described several decades ago, a deficit exists in the published data comparing their effectiveness. We performed a retrospective comparative study to examine the results of surgical treatment of early-stage hallux rigidus. A total of 423 subjects were included. Hallux limitus or rigidus had been diagnosed in all patients, who had undergone either cheilectomy or any variation of plantarflexion decompression metatarsal head osteotomy...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476096/hallux-valgus-correction-comparing-percutaneous-chevron-akin-peca-and-open-scarf-akin-osteotomies
#12
Moses Lee, James Walsh, Margaret M Smith, Jeff Ling, Andrew Wines, Peter Lam
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery is being used increasingly, including for hallux valgus surgery. Despite the growing interest in minimally invasive procedures, there have been few publications on percutaneous chevron/akin (PECA) procedures, and no studies have been published comparing PECA to open scarf/akin osteotomies (SA). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study of 50 patients undergoing operative correction of hallux valgus using one of 2 techniques (PECA vs open SA)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474115/-hallux-valgus-conservative-and-operative-treatment
#13
EDITORIAL
C Stukenborg-Colsman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473268/the-congenital-great-toe-malformation-of-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-a-close-call
#14
O Will Towler, Eileen M Shore, Meiqi Xu, Abbey Bamford, Ilse Anderson, Robert J Pignolo, Frederick S Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Congenital bilateral hallux valgus with associated absence or fusion of the interphalangeal joint is a classic diagnostic feature of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), a human genetic disease of extra-skeletal bone formation caused in nearly all cases by a gain-of-function mutation in Activin A Receptor I/Activin-like Kinase 2 (ACVR1/ALK2), which encodes a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) Type 1 receptor. This toe malformation prompts the suspicion of FOP even before the appearance of extra-skeletal bone...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459164/effectiveness-of-total-contact-orthosis-for-plantar-pressure-redistribution-in-neuropathic-diabetic-patients-during-different-walking-activities
#15
Muhammad Nouman, Wipawan Leelasamran, Surapong Chatpun
BACKGROUND: Using a total contact orthosis (TCO) is an effective method to offload in diabetic patients with foot neuropathy. However, the redistribution of peak plantar pressure is mostly observed during level walking, which may differ from other walking activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the plantar pressure from 4 regions of the foot during different walking activities (level walking, ramp ascending, ramp descending, stair ascending, and stair descending) in neuropathic diabetic patients with and without a TCO...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449701/arthroscopic-treatment-of-focal-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#16
Ersin Kuyucu, Harun Mutlu, Serhat Mutlu, Baris Gülenç, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: Although arthroscopic surgical treatment of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint involves painful sesamoid excision, synovectomy, debridement, and partial cheilectomy, no gold standard treatment technique has been defined in the literature for hallux rigidus and focal osteochondral lesions. This study aimed to assess the arthroscopic treatment for early grade focal osteochondral lesions of the first MTP joint and to determine the impact of arthroscopic microhole drill surgery on foot function and activities of daily living in a group of patients who failed conservative treatment...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445273/staged-management-of-open-lisfranc-injury-experience-from-14-patients
#17
Wenqi Gu, Zhongmin Shi
There are still controversies on the management and outcome of open Lisfranc injury in available studies. This study evaluates the staged management of Lisfranc injury and its complications.Patients who received a staged strategy for open Lisfranc injury were reviewed.One patient with degloving injury suffered from partial skin and hallux necrosis which was treated by debridement, hallux amputation, definitive internal fixation, and local flap transfer on the 12th day after first stage management. A definitive internal fixation and simultaneous skin graft or flap coverage were performed in another 3 patients with soft tissue defects...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416969/repeatability-and-agreement-of-ultrasonography-with-computed-tomography-for-evaluating-forefoot-structure-in-the-coronal-plane
#18
Keisuke Matsubara, Tomofumi Matsushita, Yuto Tashiro, Seishiro Tasaka, Takuya Sonoda, Yasuaki Nakayama, Yuki Yokota, Yusuke Suzuki, Mirei Kawagoe, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Forefoot structure is important to understand some foot problems such as hallux valgus and metatarsalgia. Ultrasonography (US) is a highly portable, noninvasive, low cost, and fast imaging method, especially when compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and radiography. As the use of US for evaluating forefoot bony structure has not been validated, except for the presence of synovitis, erosions and bursitis within the forefoot in people with inflammatory arthritis, the purpose of this study was to determine whether US is a reliable method for evaluating forefoot structure...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413452/ankle-and-toe-muscle-strength-characteristics-in-runners-with-a-history-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome
#19
Junya Saeki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Sayaka Nakao, Kosuke Fujita, Ko Yanase, Katsuyuki Morishita, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of flexor digitorum longus attachment is found at the posteromedial border of the tibia, which is the most common location of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). Therefore, plantar flexion strength of the lesser toes could be related to MTSS; however, the relationship between MTSS and muscle strength of the hallux and lesser toes is not yet evaluated due to the lack of quantitative methods. This study investigated the muscle strength characteristics in runners with a history of MTSS by using a newly developed device to measure the muscle strength of the hallux, lesser toes, and ankle...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405710/-distal-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-hallux-valgus-chevron-osteotomy
#20
C Stukenborg-Colsman, L Claaßen, S Ettinger, D Yao, M Lerch, C Plaaß
Distal osteotomies, like the Chevron osteotomy, is indicated for mild to moderate hallux valgus deformities. Splayfoot, painful pseudoexostosis, and transfer metatasalgia are observed in the clinical examination. Radiographic examination should be done with weight bearing in two planes. Preoperatively the intermetatarsal (IM), hallux valgus, and distal metatarsal articular (DMAA) angles should be measured. The operative technique is based on soft tissue and bony correction. Modifications of the osteotomy allow a shortening, lengthening, or neutral correction of the first metatarsal...
May 2017: Der Orthopäde
keyword
keyword
7999
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"