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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938326/progress-on-botulinum-toxin-type-a-induced-pain-relief-in-the-field-of-plastics
#1
Xiaona Lu, Guocheng Chen, Pengjie Ren, Yan Yang, Fei Fan
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of Botulinum Toxin Type A (BTX-A) injections relieve pain in the field of plastic surgery and postoperative rehabilitation, and discuss the analgesic mechanism of BTX- A in plastics and related research progress. METHODS: From appearance to September 1, 2016, PUBMED, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched, using the key words related to "Botulinum Toxin Type A" and "Pain." Furtherly, nonplastic surgery-related literature was excluded by manual screening...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934874/radiographic-shape-of-foot-with-second-metatarsophalangeal-joint-dislocation-associated-with-hallux-valgus
#2
Tetsuro Kokubo, Takeshi Hashimoto, Yasunori Suda, Akeo Waseda, Hiroko Ikezawa
BACKGROUND: Second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint dislocation is associated with hallux valgus, and the treatment of complete dislocation can be difficult. The purpose of this study was to radiographically clarify the characteristic foot shape in the presence of second MTP joint dislocation. METHODS: Weight-bearing foot radiographs of the 268 patients (358 feet) with hallux valgus were examined. They were divided into 2 groups: those with second MTP joint dislocation (study group = 179 feet) and those without dislocation (control group = 179 feet)...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933975/foot-problems-in-older-women
#3
F Guidozzi
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933330/-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-hallux-rigidus
#4
M Dygrýnová, M Uvízl, J Gallo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Hallux rigidus is common and degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The aim of this study was to assess the results of cheilectomy and total joint replacement (TJR) in patients with hallux rigidus. Minimum duration of followup was 18 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included fifty-nine patients who underwent surgery at our Department due to hallux rigidus between January 2013 and December 2014. Thirty-seven patients underwent cheilectomy and twenty-two patients had total joint arthroplasty using METIS®...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904967/foot-structure-in-boys-with-down-syndrome
#5
Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Krzysztof Nowak, Jarosław Omorczyk, Tadeusz Ambroży, Przemysław Bujas, Leszek Nosiadek
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Down syndrome (DS) is associated with numerous developmental abnormalities, some of which cause dysfunctions of the posture and the locomotor system. The analysis of selected features of the foot structure in boys with DS versus their peers without developmental disorders is done. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The podoscopic examination was performed on 30 boys with DS aged 14-15 years. A control group consisted of 30 age- and gender-matched peers without DS...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880597/evaluating-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hallux-abducto-valgus-deformity-after-a-taping-technique
#6
Malcolm Paul Formosa, Alfred Gatt, Cynthia Formosa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the quality of life in patients living with hallux abducto valgus deformity before and after a taping technique. METHODS: This study used a time series, quasi-experimental, same-subject design. Thirty-five patients with hallux abducto valgus were recruited in this study. Nonelastic zinc oxide tape was applied for 4 weeks. The Foot Health Status Questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life of participants before and after the intervention...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878463/associations-between-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-and-foot-and-ankle-strength-in-young-adults
#7
Paloma Guillén-Rogel, Cristina San Emeterio, Pedro J Marín
[Purpose] This study assessed the relationships between the ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and foot and ankle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine healthy (young adults) volunteers participated in this study. Each participant completed tests for ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, hallux flexor strength, and ankle plantar and dorsiflexor strength. [Results] The results showed (1) a moderate correlation between ankle dorsiflexor strength and dorsiflexion range of motion and (2) a moderate correlation between ankle dorsiflexor strength and first toe flexor muscle strength...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870735/percutaneous-osteotomies-in-hallux-valgus-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ana Bia, Francisco Guerra-Pinto, Bruno S Pereira, Nuno Corte-Real, Xavier Martin Oliva
Percutaneous and minimally invasive surgery is one of the greatest advances in the operating field of orthopedic since the late 1990s. The potential advantages include a shorter operative time, quicker recovery, and reduced hospital stay compared with traditional open surgery. However, scientific validation of the safety and efficacy of hallux valgus (HV) percutaneous surgery remains inconclusive. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the published data and clinical evidence for percutaneous HV surgery, evaluate the scientific method of the reports, and clarify the indications, safety, efficacy, and potential risks of these surgical techniques...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865589/effect-of-joint-pathology-surface-preparation-and-fixation-methods-on-union-frequency-after-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review-of-the-english-literature
#9
Muhammad Tawfiq Korim, Devendra Mahadevan, Arijit Ghosh, Jitendra Mangwani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to perform a qualitative synthesis of the current literature to determine the union frequencies for first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis as well as the influence of pathology, joint preparation and fixation methods on union. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to identify relevant studies reporting on first metatarsophalangeal joint union frequencies. RESULTS: 26 studies with 2059 feet met our inclusion criteria...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865584/bone-block-arthrodesis-procedure-in-failures-of-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-replacement
#10
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Jacopo Tamini, Camilla Maccario, Miriam Grassi, Eric W Tan
BACKGROUND: The treatment for the failure of a first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1) prosthesis can be complex. There is no consensus regarding the ideal treatment. One of the main issues is the available bone stock after prosthesis removal. The aim of the study was to report the clinical and radiographic results for MTP1 arthrodesis with autologous calcaneus bone graft (bone-block fusion) as a revision procedure of a previous MTP1 implant failure. METHODS: This study included 12 patients diagnosed with failure of a MTP1 prosthesis...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865583/a-prospective-24-months-follow-up-of-a-three-component-press-fit-prosthesis-for-hallux-rigidus
#11
S Wassink, B J Burger, N P Saragas, J Asunción Márquez, L Trtik, J Harlaar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results following total first metatarsophalangeal (FMTP) joint replacement arthroplasty using a modular three component press fit prosthesis at two year follow up. METHODS: All patient data was collected in a prospective way in four study centres. Both preoperative and postoperative evaluation consisted of an assessment using the AOFAS-HMI score, visual analogue scale for pain, evaluation of the range of motion and patient satisfaction scores...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865582/1st-metatarso-phalangeal-joint-arthroplasty-with-roto-glide-implant
#12
C Tunstall, P Laing, R Limaye, C Walker, S Kendall, D Lavalette, P Mackenney, A Adedapo, M Al-Maiyah
BACKGROUND: Total joint replacement of the 1st metatarso-phalangeal Joint (MTPJ) has been controversial as arthrodesis remains a good option for patients with end stage 1st MTPJ arthritis. We present a multi centre service evaluation of the ROTO-glide device METHODS: 33 ROTO-glide procedures were carried out in 30 patients across 7 sites within the UK. Exclusion criteria - hallux valgus and arthritis, age below 45 years and over 80 years, inflammatory joint disease. Patient assessed pre and post operatively with AOFAS and Oxford forefoot (MOXFQ) scores and plain radiographs...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865581/the-rotoglide%C3%A2-total-replacement-of-the-first-metatarso-phalangeal-joint-a-prospective-series-with-7-15-years-clinico-radiological-follow-up-with-survival-analysis
#13
Hakon Kofoed, Lasse Danborg, Jacob Grindsted, Søren Merser
BACKGROUND: The Rotoglide total replacement of the MTP-1 joint. 15 years survival analysis. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the long-term performance clinico-radiographically of an uncemented three-component total replacement for the first metatarso-phalangeal joint (MTP-1) used for hallux rigidus (primary osteoarthritis grades 3 and 4). The follow-up was median 11.5 years (7-15). METHODS: The AOFAS forefoot score was used preoperatively and at follow-up...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865580/mid-term-outcomes-of-first-metatarsophalangeal-arthroplasty-using-the-primus-fgt-double-stemmed-silicone-implants
#14
Stefano Fieschi, Mo Saffarini, Luigi Manzi, Arrigo Fieschi
BACKGROUND: Silicone implants for first metatarsophalangeal (MTP-1) arthroplasty are regaining popularity, though most studies have long inclusion periods, or short follow-up. The authors aimed to report mid-term outcomes of a cohort that received a third-generation MTP-1 implant at minimum follow-up of 5 years. METHODS: The authors evaluated 70 MTP-1 arthroplasties performed in 64 patients using the Primus™ Flexible Great Toe implant. The indications were hallux rigidus of grade II (10%) and grade III (87...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859075/plantar-pressures-are-elevated-in-people-with-longstanding-diabetes-related-foot-ulcers-during-follow-up
#15
Malindu E Fernando, Robert G Crowther, Peter A Lazzarini, Saiumaeswar Yogakanthi, Kunwarjit S Sangla, Petra Buttner, Rhondda Jones, Jonathan Golledge
OBJECTIVE: High plantar pressures are implicated in the development of diabetes-related foot ulcers. Whether plantar pressures remain high in patients with chronic diabetes-related foot ulcers over time is uncertain. The primary aim of this study was to compare plantar pressures at baseline and three and six months later in participants with chronic diabetes-related foot ulcers (cases) to participants without foot ulcers (controls). METHODS: Standardised protocols were used to measure mean peak plantar pressure and pressure-time integral at 10 plantar foot sites (the hallux, toes, metatarsals 1 to 5, mid-foot, medial heel and lateral heel) during barefoot walking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844292/comparison-of-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus-and-healthy-matched-controls
#16
Takashi Hida, Ryuzo Okuda, Toshito Yasuda, Tsuyoshi Jotoku, Hiroaki Shima, Masashi Neo
BACKGROUND: Detailed information regarding differences in plantar pressure distribution between hallux valgus and healthy feet is unavailable. The purposes of the present study were to clarify the characteristics of the plantar pressure distribution in patients with hallux valgus compared with healthy matched controls and to determine whether hallux valgus leads to dysfunction of the great toe during walking. METHODS: The study consisted of 25 patients with symptomatic moderate-to-severe hallux valgus (HV group) and 13 healthy matched volunteers (C group) without hallux valgus...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842091/ten-year-follow-up-of-metatarsal-head-resurfacing-implants-for-treatment-of-hallux-rigidus
#17
Henry Hilario, Alan Garrett, Travis Motley, Sumihiro Suzuki, Brian Carpenter
Controversy remains regarding the use of arthroplasty versus arthrodesis in the surgical treatment of late-stage hallux rigidus. The purpose of our retrospective study was to report the long-term follow-up results of the metatarsal head resurfacing implant used for hemiarthroplasty. The patient assessments were conducted using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) metatarsophalangeal clinical rating system and a satisfaction questionnaire. A total of 59 consecutive implantations were performed from January 2005 to December 2009 at our institution...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842090/comparison-of-tibial-sesamoid-position-on-anteroposterior-and-axial-radiographs-before-and-after-triplane-tarsal-metatarsal-joint-arthrodesis
#18
Paul Dayton, Mindi Feilmeier
We reviewed the radiographic results of a group of patients who had undergone triplane correctional tarsometatarsal arthrodesis for symptomatic hallux abducto valgus with metatarsus primus abducto valgus. Of the 21 feet included in the present review, 17 (81%) displayed radiographic findings of metatarsal pronation preoperatively based on axial sesamoid views and positive lateral round sign on anteroposterior radiographs. At a mean follow-up period of 5.2 ± 1.6 months, a significant improvement in the tibial sesamoid position (TSP) on both anteroposterior (AP) and axial radiographs was measured...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841865/comparison-of-outcomes-according-to-fixation-technique-following-the-modified-ludloff-osteotomy-for-hallux-valgus-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Young-Hoon Jo, Ki-Chul Park, Young-Sik Song, Il-Hoon Sung
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiological outcomes including fixation stability of osteotomy site were compared in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who underwent modified Ludloff osteotomy to correct hallux valgus with osteotomy site fixation using two screws versus those who underwent additional fixation using a plate. METHODS: The fixation technique performed with two screws was used to fix the osteotomy sites following modified Ludloff osteotomy in 15 patients (15 feet, Group S), while the augmented plate fixation technique was used in 14 patients (16 feet, Group P)...
August 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840674/-case-report-comprehensive-treatment-of-forefoot-with-double-brachymetatarsia-in-one-surgical-stage
#20
I Caldiño-Lozada, O Gallegos-de la Torre, R Esperón-Hernández
Brachymetatarsia (shortening of the metatarsal) directly affects the transversal arch of the foot causing severe deformities, such as hallux valgus, divergent toes, overlapping toes, metatarsalgia, all of these alter the biomechanics of the foot and gait. Treatment consists of two main techniques, one-stage lengthening with bone graft or elongation through callotaxis with external fixator; there are variants of both techniques used to minimize the disadvantages of each. The objective of treatment must be to return the structural harmony to the forefoot, improving the biomechanics, resulting in a satisfactory outcome for the patients...
March 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
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