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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892317/-sleep-bruxism-state-of-the-art-and-management
#1
P Grobet, Y Gilon, A Bruwier, J-L Nizet
Although well studied since the 50's, bruxism remains a largely unknown pathology. Its origin is complex, mixing psychological as well as neurological, odontological and hypnic aspects. However, the few analyzes performed on this topic have allowed to set convincing etiopathological hypotheses, including central dysregulation of the dopaminergic system as well as of the neuro-masticatory system. To avoid harmful consequences as headaches, temporomandibular disorders and premature dental scuffs / fractures, it is mandatory to diagnose bruxism as early as possible...
September 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857986/craniofacial-and-dental-features-in-six-children-with-cherubism
#2
Patricia Stoor, Anni Suomalainen, Maarit Kemola, Sirpa Arte
Cherubism is an autosomal-dominant benign bone disorder, characterized by fibro-osseous lesions in the mandible and maxilla commonly caused by mutations in the SH3-binding protein 2-gene. The purpose of the authors' study was to analyze craniofacial and dental features of children diagnosed with cherubism, describe their treatment, and assess their dental age compared with norms for Finnish children. Six children were diagnosed, followed up and treated due to dental and skeletal disorders caused by cherubsim...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#3
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729800/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-on-anti-retro-viral-therapy-in-raichur-taluk-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the dentition status and the treatment needs of the HIV-positive patients on ART for more than a year in Raichur, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was followed. The sample size was 170. The dentition status and treatment needs of the patients were recorded as per the WHO guidelines. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 79.4%. Males had higher percentage of dental caries than the females, and this was found to be statistically significant...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698331/efficacy-of-conventional-treatment-with-composite-resin-and-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-in-posterior-primary-teeth-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig, Cíntia Saori Sahiara, Laysa Yoshioka, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Isabela Floriano, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Mariana Minatel Braga, Daniela Procida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread acceptance of conventional treatment using composite resin in primary teeth, there is limited evidence that this approach is the best option in paediatric clinics. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) using high-viscosity glass ionomer cement has gradually become more popular because it performs well in clinical studies, is easy to handle and is patient friendly. Therefore, the aim of this randomised clinical trial study is to compare the restoration longevity of conventional treatment using composite resin with that of ART in posterior primary teeth...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#6
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639368/botulinum-toxin-state-of-the-art
#7
REVIEW
Joseph Jankovic
Botulinun neurotoxin (BoNT) has emerged as one of the most multipurpose therapeutic agents in modern medicine with more clinical applications than any other drug currently on the market. Initially developed in the treatment of strabismus and neurologic movement disorders, the use of botulinun neurotoxin has been expanding during the past 3 decades to include the treatment of a variety of ophthalmologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, orthopedic, dermatologic, dental, secretory, painful, cosmetic, and other conditions...
August 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574371/tooth-and-alveolar-bone-segmentation-from-dental-computed-tomography-images
#8
Yangzhou Gan, Zeyang Xia, Jing Xiong, Guanglin Li, Qunfei Zhao
Three-dimensional (3D) models of tooth-alveolar bone complex are needed in treatment planning and simulation for computer-aided orthodontics. Tooth and alveolar bone segmentation from computed tomography (CT) images is a fundamental step in reconstructing their models. Due to less application of alveolar bone in conventional orthodontic treatment which may cause undesired side effects, the previous studies mainly focused on tooth segmentation and reconstruction and did not consider the alveolar bone. In this study, we proposed a method to implement both tooth and alveolar bone segmentation from dental CT images for reconstructing their 3D models...
May 29, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571260/anxiety-levels-among-five-year-old-children-undergoing-art-restoration-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ishan, K K Shivlingesh, Vartika Agarwal, Bhuvan Deep Gupta, Richa Anand, Abhinav Sharma, Sumedha Kushwaha, Khateeb Khan
INTRODUCTION: Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) involves manually excavating the carious part of the tooth and restoring the prepared cavity with chemically adhesive restorative material [Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC)] and it may induce and/or impact the dental anxiety in children. It is well established that ART procedure is less anxiety producing when compared with other restorative procedures using dental drill. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anxiety levels among five-year-old children undergoing ART restoration in I...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492197/the-effect-of-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-on-adhesive-restorations-for-dental-caries-in-deciduous-molars
#10
Eliane Batista de Medeiros Serpa, Marayza Alves Clementino, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Aronita Rosenblatt
BACKGROUND: Minimal invasive approaches to managing caries, such as partial caries removal techniques and atraumatic restorative treatment (ART), are showing increasing evidence of improved outcomes over the conventional complete caries removal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinically and radiographically the effect of ART on restorations using restorative cement and glass ionomer cement (GIC) for dental caries in the deciduous molars of children aged between 4 and 8 years...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426028/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#11
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422591/effect-of-papacarie-and-alternative-restorative-treatment-on-pain-reaction-during-caries-removal-among-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amg Abdul Khalek, M A Elkateb, W E Abdel Aziz, M El Tantawi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Papacarie and Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) on pain and discomfort during caries removal among children. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, 4-8 year-old children were equally and randomly allocated to Papacarie and ART to remove caries from decayed primary teeth. A randomized, controlled, blinded, two parallel-arms clinical trial was conducted in the clinic of the Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Alexandria University, Egypt in March 2014...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418413/-how-useful-is-restorative-care-in-the-primary-dentition
#13
J E Frencken
Too many children develop carious lesions and many such lesions progress into a dentine carious lesion. In 2010, the percentage of dentine carious lesions in the primary dentition of 6-year-old Dutch children that were restored was less than 50 per cent. Owing to research, the necessity to restore dentine carious lesions routinely has been called into question. Current understanding of cariologic principles point in the direction of a causal treatment that is based on cleaning accessible dentine carious cavities and those that can be made accessible, possibly supported by the application of silver diamine fluoride...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418411/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#14
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272584/-groping-in-the-dark-pain-that-goes-unheard-1
#15
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
Even with pharmalogical support, it is always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups on a deaf-blind man with profound intellectual disabilities. The man cannot communicate pain. Further diagnostic measures and treatment are impossible while using only oral sedation. When caries and calculus are diagnosed, the man is treated under general anaesthesia. In this treatment session severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems are also diagnosed. The legal representative of the patient is unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan during the treatment session...
March 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#16
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044248/the-opinion-of-children-and-their-parents-about-four-different-types-of-dental-restorations-in-a-public-health-service-in-brazil
#17
R Maciel, D Salvador, K Azoubel, R Redivivo, C Maciel, C da Franca, E Amerongen, V Colares
AIM: To investigate the opinion of children and their parents of four different types of restoration placed in primary molars. METHODS: A mixed method study in which both children and their parents were involved. In the quantitative study, children and parents gave their opinion using a face scale about four different types of restoration immediately after placement, evaluating how satisfied they were. In the qualitative part, children and their parents were interviewed to report their preference among the four types of restoration using dental models and photos...
January 2, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994072/hiv-1-latency-reversing-agents-prostratin-and-bryostatin-1-induce-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-inflammation-and-modulate-leukocyte-adhesion-transmigration
#18
Clélia Dental, Alizé Proust, Michel Ouellet, Corinne Barat, Michel J Tremblay
A shock-and-kill approach involving the simultaneous treatment of HIV-1-infected patients with latency-reversing agents (LRAs) and combination antiretroviral therapy was proposed as a means to eradicate viral reservoirs. Currently available LRAs cannot discriminate between HIV-1-infected and uninfected cells. Therefore, the risks and benefits of using broad-spectrum LRAs need to be carefully evaluated, particularly in the CNS, where inflammation and leukocyte transmigration must be tightly regulated. We used a real-time impedance-sensing system to dynamically record the impact of different classes of LRAs on the integrity of tight monolayers of the immortalized human cerebral microvascular endothelial cell line hCMEC/D3...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966518/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-development-and-remission-of-oral-plasmablastic-lymphoma
#19
Vivian Petersen Wagner, Lisley Ortiz, Helena Pereira Rodrigues da Silva, Luise Meurer, João Julio da Cunha Filho, Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins, Manoela Domingues Martins
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) represents a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in this tumor is poorly known due to its small incidence. This study reports a case of a 33-year-old HIV-positive woman who was referred to the Stomatology Department complaining about a painful gingival growth and cervical nodule both with 20 days of evolution. The lesions appeared 7 months after the patient stopped HAART...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928102/cytotoxicity-and-biocompatibility-of-resin-free-and-resin-modified-direct-pulp-capping-materials-a-state-of-the-art-review
#20
REVIEW
Liang Chen, Byoung In Suh
Direct pulp capping is the placement of a dental material directly over exposed pulp to prevent dental pulp from dying and avoid the need for root canal treatments. Calcium hydroxide and calcium silicates/mineral trioxide aggregates (MTA) have been commonly used for direct pulp capping with great success clinically. In recent years, resin-modified calcium hydroxide and calcium silicates have been developed with the advantages of precise placement, command set, and superior physical strength. As pulp capping materials would be in direct contact with the pulp, the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility is of particular importance in order to avoid pulp irritation and maintain pulp vitality...
January 31, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
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