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art dental treatment

Noha Samir Kabil, Amira Saad Badran, Mariem Osama Wassel
BACKGROUND: Antibacterial restorations can increase the success rate of minimum invasive dentistry especially in young permanent molars with deep carious lesions as an attempt to preserve maximum dental structure and avoid pulp exposure. Further research is warranted to evaluate different antibacterial agents. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adding chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) or aqueous miswak (Salvadora persica) extract on the clinical performance and in vivo antibacterial activity of conventional anhydrous glass ionomer cement (GIC)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
S Mickenautsch
OBJECTIVES: To provide a brief overview of the current evidence-base for direct posterior tooth restorations in permanent teeth placed using high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC). METHODS: The evidence sources: laboratory trials, uncontrolled clinical trials, controlled clinical trials with HVGIC restorations placed after conventional cavity preparation by drill and controlled clinical trials with HVGIC restorations placed following the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) approach, were assessed based on systematic reviews and meta-analyses, as well as methodological studies...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Michael Clayton May, Paul Nielsen Andrews, Shadi Daher, Uday Nitin Reebye
BACKGROUND: Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy. There is insufficient literature regarding the impact of dental implants in AIDS patients. This study investigated the long-term clinical outcome of implant placement in patients diagnosed with AIDS. METHODS: This monocentric study included AIDS patients with CD4 <200 cells/μL, age 18 years or older, and a minimum of one edentulous space requiring implant...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Gurprit Bhamrah, Francine Ryba, Gavin Mack, Chrisopher Huppa
This patient report describes simultaneous bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and mandibular reconstruction by means of three-dimensional (3D) planning, 3D printed biocompatible surgical wafers, and 3D selective-laser sintered titanium implant. A 26-year-old male patient presented with a left mandibular defect secondary to trauma. The whole body of the mandible on the left hand side was deficient with a narrow connection with the remaining left condyle. He had undergone orthodontic treatment for 18 months and was ready to undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
R Burger-Calderon, J S Smith, K J Ramsey, J Webster-Cyriaque
Unmet oral care needs are high among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS (PLWH). Oral health care is of increasing importance as life expectancy is being prolonged extensively among PLWH. The benefit of oral health care in relation to time since HIV diagnosis has not previously been assessed. A retrospective multivariable analysis of the Special Project of National Significance Oral Health Initiative observational cohort study (N = 2,178) was performed to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) of oral health outcomes comparing historically diagnosed subjects (>1 y since HIV diagnosis) to newly diagnosed subjects (≤1 y since HIV diagnosis)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Isabel Cristina Olegário, Daniela Hesse, Marcelo Bönecker, José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato, Mariana Minatel Braga, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Daniela Prócida Raggio
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies are being conducted in less strict conditions in order to establish an adequate scientific basis for decision making. The aim of this pragmatic randomized clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of single and multiple-surfaces restorations performed following the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) premises compared with Conventional Treatment (CT) using bulk fill composite restorations in primary and permanent teeth. METHODS/DESIGN: A total of 1,214 5-to-13 year-old children with at least one single or multiple-surface dentin caries lesion in primary or permanent molars will be selected in public schools of Barueri-SP, Brazil...
2016: BMC Oral Health
K V K Santosh Kumar, M Ghanashyam Prasad, R Venkata Sandeep, S Pavani Reddy, D Divya, K Pratyusha
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of various caries removal techniques in mandibular primary molars using Smart Burs, atraumatic restorative technique (ART) (mechanical caries removal) and Carie-care (chemomechanical caries removal [CMCR]) among primary school children in clinical and community-based settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 carious primary mandibular molars were selected for the study from the dental clinic and community. They were equally assigned to four groups according to caries removal technique and also by the operating site...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
Deise Cruz Oliveira, John J Warren, Steven M Levy, Justine Kolker, Fang Qian, Clifton Carey
PURPOSE: Little is known about use or acceptance of minimally invasive dentistry (MID) in the USA, particularly in public health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess opinions concerning MID among dentists in public-health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the views of dentists in public-health practices concerning MID using an online survey instrument among National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA) and American Association of Community Dental Programs (AACDP) members...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Waleed M S Al Qahtani, Christine Schille, Sebastian Spintzyk, Mohammed S A Al Qahtani, Eva Engel, Juergen Geis-Gerstorfer, Frank Rupp, Lutz Scheideler
Titanium dental implants with sandblasted and/or acid-etched surfaces have shown clinical superiority in comparison to their smooth, machined counterparts, and are now state of the art. Sandblasting of finished, sintered zirconia implants, however, will damage the surface structure and affect the mechanical properties. To improve osseointegration of zirconia dental implants without impairing the original mechanical strength by crack initiation and partial phase transformation from tetragonal to monoclinic, roughening of the zirconia surface by sandblasting before the final sintering step was employed...
April 23, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Daniela Hesse, Mariana Pinheiro de Araujo, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Nicola Innes, Daniela Prócida Raggio, Clarissa Calil Bonifácio
BACKGROUND: In many parts of the world, school-age children have high dental treatment needs; however, there is often low, or no, dental care provision. Although Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) was developed to address this, its survival rate in occluso-proximal lesions is low. An alternative, the Hall Technique (HT) has shown better relative outcomes for occluso-proximal lesions, but has not been directly compared to ART or tested in field settings. This trial will compare ART and the HT for the most clinically- and cost-effective strategy for managing occluso-proximal lesions in primary molars, in a school setting, using low-technology and child-friendly dental techniques...
2016: Trials
E Arrive, D Meless, G Anaya-Saavedra, M Gallottini, L M Pinzon, V Ramirez-Amador
OBJECTIVES: To achieve a comprehensive understanding about the global burden of oral diseases in HIV-infected children and to identify research needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed (2009-2014) to address five questions: (i) prevalence of oral diseases in HIV-infected compared with uninfected children, (ii) impact of oral diseases on quality of life, (iii) effect of antiretroviral exposure in utero on craniofacial and dental development, (iv) important co-infections and antiretroviral complications, and (v) value of atraumatic restorative treatment...
April 2016: Oral Diseases
C van Loveren, W van Palenstein Helderman
AIM: This was to collect information for the 9th European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry Interim Seminar and Workshops to discuss the state of art on non-invasive caries therapy to be used if possible to formulate clinical guidelines by European experts in paediatric dentistry METHODS: Based on systematic reviews and additional papers were assessed for methods to prevent caries initiation and caries progression both in the state of pre-cavitation and cavitation without invasive technologies...
February 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
G Ben-Gal, Y Ziv, E I Weiss, A Zabrovsky
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular two-implant overdentures are considered the minimum standard of care for edentulous patients and provide an excellent performance, as well as satisfaction to the patients. Dental schools are required to promote the teaching of current treatment options in order to enable students to master state-of-the-art procedures. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine how the theoretical and practical aspects of mandibular two-implant overdentures are taught in dental schools in North America...
January 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Marcellin N Nouaman, David G Meless, Patrick A Coffie, Elise Arrivé, Boris K Tchounga, Didier K Ekouévi, Camille Anoma, Serge P Eholié, François Dabis, Antoine Jaquet
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, female sex workers (FSW) represent a vulnerable population for oral diseases due to many risk factors including HIV infection and drug abuse. In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the burden of oral diseases and their determinants in vulnerable populations. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of oral diseases among FSW. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among FSW who attended a dedicated non-profit clinic in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire from June to August 2013...
December 2, 2015: BMC Oral Health
Danieli Cristina da Silva, Alan Grupioni Lourenço, Ana Elisa Rodrigues Alves Ribeiro, Alcyone Artioli Machado, Marilena Chinali Komesu, Ana Carolina Fragoso Motta
Considering the changes antiretroviral therapy (ART) has brought to the treatment of HIV infection, the current clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV/AIDS individuals referred to oral health centers are crucially important in instructing dentists about the oral health management of these patients. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV-infected individuals referred to a clinic for patients with special needs between 2005 and 2012 by retrospectively analyzing their dental records...
2015: Brazilian Oral Research
Gundolf Schüttfort, Timo Wolf, Phillip de Leuw, Gerrit Kann, Maximilian Blume, Hans-Reinhard Brodt, Christoph Stephan
INTRODUCTION: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a rare vascular tumor that may occur in a severe, rapidly progressive form, namely in HIV/AIDS patients. HIV-associated KS mainly affects the skin and mucous membranes. CASE PRESENTATION: We report about an HIV-positive patient who presented with an exophytic growing tumor in the region of the hard palate and severe problems regarding his dental status. Histological examination revealed evidence of AIDS-related KS. Antiretroviral therapy initiation with elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine(FTC)/tenofovirdisoproxilfumarat (E/c/F/T-fix dose combination) resulted in rapid complete remission of the KS within 2 months...
February 2016: Infection
Javier Ata-Ali, Fadi Ata-Ali, Nicolas Di-Benedetto, Leticia Bagán, José-Vicente Bagán
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review is made to determine whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has an impact upon dental implant osseointegration. STUDY DESIGN: A PubMed (MEDLINE) literature search was made of articles published up until 14 April 2014. The systematic review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). The quality of the studies included in the review was assessed using the Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies (MINORS) and levels of evidence (based on the University of Oxford's Center for Evidence Based Medicine criteria)...
May 2015: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Joan A Phelan, William R Abrams, Robert G Norman, Yihong Li, Maura Laverty, Patricia M Corby, Jason Nembhard, Dinah Neri, Cheryl A Barber, Judith A Aberg, Gene S Fisch, Michael A Poles, Daniel Malamud
INTRODUCTION: The impaired host defense system in HIV infection impacts the oral and gastrointestinal microbiota and associated opportunistic infections. Antiretroviral treatment is predicted to partially restore host defenses and decrease the oral manifestation of HIV/AIDS. Well-designed longitudinal studies are needed to better understand the interactions of soluble host defense proteins with bacteria and virus in HIV/AIDS. "Crosstalk" was designed as a longitudinal study of host responses along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and interactions between defense molecules and bacteria in HIV infection and subsequent therapy...
2014: PloS One
Tatiana Vasconcellos Fontes, Sonia Maria Soares Ferreira, Arley Silva-Júnior, Patrícia Dos Santos Marotta, Cesar Werneck Noce, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Lucio Souza Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of periradicular lesions in HIV-infected Brazilian patients and to assess the correlation of several factors with the periradicular status. METHOD: One hundred full-mouth periapical radiographs were evaluated. A total of 2,214 teeth were evaluated for the presence of periradicular lesions, caries lesions, coronal restorations, pulp cavity exposure and endodontic treatment. RESULTS: The prevalence of periradicular lesions was 46%...
September 2014: Clinics
Janet M Blair, Jennifer L Fagan, Emma L Frazier, Ann Do, Heather Bradley, Eduardo E Valverde, Ad McNaghten, Linda Beer, Shuyan Zhang, Ping Huang, Christine L Mattson, Mark S Freedman, Christopher H Johnson, Catherine C Sanders, Kathryn E Spruit-McGoff, James D Heffelfinger, Jacek Skarbinski
PROBLEM: As of December 31, 2009, an estimated 864,748 persons were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and six U.S.-dependent areas. Whereas HIV surveillance programs in the United States collect information about persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection, supplemental surveillance systems collect in-depth information about the behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons receiving outpatient medical care for HIV infection...
June 20, 2014: MMWR Supplements
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