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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135733/treatment-of-maxillary-hypoplasia-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-segmental-distraction-osteogenesis-with-hyrax-device
#1
Rodrigo Fariña, Alejandro Diaz, Roberto Pantoja, Carolina Bidart
The objective of this work is to describe a segmental maxillary distraction osteogenesis (SDO) with segmental Lefort I with an inexpensive device.Four patients who presented severe class III and maxillary hypoplasia due to cleft lip and palate sequel were treated. A SDO was performed using a dental-anchored Hyrax device, achieving enlargement of the upper jaw without altering speech, with adequate and stable occlusion. Dental implants in a new formed bone were installed.The authors can conclude that SDO is a good treatment alternative for patients with maxillary hypoplasia...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129784/impact-of-prosthodontic-rehabilitation-on-the-masticatory-performance-of-partially-dentate-older-patients-can-it-predict-nutritional-state-results-from-a-rct
#2
Sara Wallace, Stefanie Samietz, Meriem Abbas, Gerald McKenna, Jayne V Woodside, Martin Schimmel
OBJECTIVES: With a decreased number of teeth, a reduction in chewing function can contribute to changes in food choices and ultimately impact on overall nutritional status. This study compared the impact of two tooth replacement strategies for partially dentate older patients on masticatory performance and nutritional status. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and older were randomly allocated to two different treatment groups. For the RPDP-group (removable partial dental prostheses) each participant was restored to complete arches with cobalt-chromium removable prostheses to replace missing teeth...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099695/algorithm-for-treatment-of-patients-with-mesial-occlusion-using-proprietary-orthodontic-device
#3
P Flis, V Filonenko, N Doroshenko
Early elimination of dentoalveolar apparatus orthodontic disorders is the dominant concept in the treatment technique. AIM: to present a sagittal anomalies treatment algorithm, of Class III particularly, in the transitional bite period by the proposed design of individual orthodontic devices with a movable ramp. The treatment algorithm consisted of several blocks: the motivation, the etiological factors establishment, the plan and treatment tactics creation basing on careful diagnosis, the stages of the active period of treatment and the patient management in the retention period...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067787/impact-of-removable-partial-dental-prostheses-on-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-a-south-african-cohort-with-varied-distributions-of-missing-posterior-teeth
#4
Sadika Khan, Usuf Chikte, Ridwaan Omar
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of removable partial dental prostheses on satisfying the daily functioning and quality of life (QoL) of adult patients with different distributions of missing posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional interventional study was carried out on 80 patients having variously distributed posteriorly shortened and interrupted arches. Treatment comprised provision of partial dentures by senior dental students, supervised by senior clinical teachers who had knowledge of the potential benefits of the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042742/class-ii-young-adult-treatment-with-twin-force-bite-corrector-10-year-follow-up
#5
Ozge Uslu-Akcam, Ayse Tuba Altug, Ufuk Toygar Memikoglu
One of the most preferred compliance free fixed functional appliances in nongrowing patients is Twin Force Bite corrector (TFBC). The aim of this case report is to evaluate the effectiveness of TFBC in the treatment of an adult Class II case. A 16-year 1-month-old boy having skeletal and dental Class II relationship was selected. Roth 0.018 × 0.025 inch slots brackets were attached; a fixed lingual arch in the mandibular dental arch and a Nance appliance in the maxillary dental arch were used to increase anchorage...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034420/prevalence-of-dental-agenesis-in-a-sample-of-italian-orthodontic-patients-an-epidemiological-study
#6
Antonio L T Gracco, Serena Zanatta, Filippo Forin Valvecchi, Denis Bignotti, Alessandro Perri, Francesco Baciliero
BACKGROUND: The congenital absence of one or more teeth is a dental anomaly that frequently occurs in the world's population with a wide variability of distribution. The aim of this study is to assess the current prevalence of dental agenesis in the permanent dentition (excluding third molars) using a sample of Italian orthodontic patients. METHODS: Panoramic radiographs of 4006 Caucasian children between 9 and 16 years of age (1865 males and 2141 females) performed over a 5-year period (from 2010 to 2015) were carefully examined to identify congenital missing teeth...
October 16, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994495/ankyloglossia-as-a-risk-factor-for-maxillary-hypoplasia-and-soft-palate-elongation-a-functional-morphological-study
#7
A J Yoon, S Zaghi, S Ha, C S Law, C Guilleminault, S Y Liu
OBJECTIVES: To characterize associations between restricted tongue mobility and maxillofacial development. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Cross-sectional cohort study of 302 consecutive subjects from an orthodontic practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tongue mobility (measured with tongue range of motion ratio [TRMR] and Kotlow free tongue measurement) was correlated with measurements of the maxillofacial skeleton obtained from dental casts and cephalometric radiographs...
October 10, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962736/extraction-of-maxillary-canines-esthetic-perceptions-of-patient-smiles-among-dental-professionals-and-laypeople
#8
Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Hanieh Javidi, Sarah Elizabeth Griffiths, Anwar A Shah, Jonathan Sandler
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary canines are generally considered important both cosmetically and functionally. Most claims on the importance of maxillary canines, however, have been based on expert opinions and clinician-based studies. There are no scientific studies in the literature reporting on their cosmetic importance or how laypeople perceive a smile treated by maxillary canine extractions. Our objective was to investigate whether there is any difference in the perceptions of patients' smiles treated by extracting either maxillary canines or first premolars, as judged by orthodontists, dentists, and laypeople...
October 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944358/ceramic-vs-composite-veneering-of-full-arch-implant-supported-zirconium-frameworks-assessing-patient-preference-and-satisfaction-a-crossover-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Mauro Merli, Eugenio Bianchini, Giorgia Mariotti, Marco Moscatelli, Matteo Piemontese, Giorgio Rappelli, Michele Nieri
PURPOSE: The objectives of this two-period, crossover, mono-centred, double-blind, randomised controlled trial (RCT) were to compare two different materials used for full arch implant-supported prosthetic restorations with regard to patient preference and impact on a patient's quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Edentulous patients requesting one full arch restoration in the mandible or maxilla supported by dental implants were included in this study. Patients were randomised to receive either a full arch zirconia framework hand-veneered with ceramic, or a full arch zirconia framework hand-veneered with composite material...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858275/-botulinus-toxin-in-complex-treatment-of-myofacial-pain-syndrome
#10
S N Fedotov, M A Gerasimova, S D Shorokhov, A I Tischenko
The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of type A Botulinus toxin (BTA) in pain release by TMJ functional pain disorders. The study included 211 patients with TMJ functional pain disorder (20.4% males and 79.6% females; mean age 45.3 years). The patients underwent clinical examination and bioelectric activity assessment of masticatory muscles by electromyography (EMG). EMG specters of 20 healthy volunteers with intact dental arches served as a control. After examination BTA was injected in muscular pain trigger points...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839424/a-2d-panoramic-surgical-stent-imaging-complete-arch-mandibular-implant-fixed-prosthesis-along-with-bar-supported-maxillary-over-denture
#11
Mukesh Kumar Singhal, Rumneet Kaur Billing, Nitin Srivastava, Zainab Khan
Successful rehabilitation of a patient should restore function, esthetic, and speech by prosthesis. Treatment modalities vary from patient to patient. Semi-precision attachments and implants offer several advantages over the traditional approach. The aim and objective of this report was to assess a case of a 55-year-old female patient who had lost all her teeth, except maxillary canines #13 and #23 and with severe bone loss in the mandible. Tooth-supported bar attachment was planned for maxilla, and a total of five dental implants were placed in the mandible using a flapless approach aided by radiographic gutta-percha surgical stents over panoramic two-dimensional imaging...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799171/outcomes-with-a-posterior-reduced-dental-arch-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
S Khan, U M Chikte, R Omar
To compare function, patient satisfaction and quality of life of patients with a posterior reduced mandibular arch with those who had all missing teeth replaced with removable partial dentures. Patients with at least three and not more than six posterior occluding pairs of teeth were enrolled sequentially and randomised into one of two treatment groups: a denture and no-denture group. A research assistant allocated interventions; concealment was ensured using opaque-sealed envelopes. Analysis of data was performed in stages, adding samples of 10 incrementally, and stopping when the relevant statistical tests indicated a clear conclusion as judged by the power set at 80% or above...
November 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798441/minimal-intervention-management-of-the-older-patient
#13
L J Walsh
With an aging population, dentists need to be aware of the risks which come to their elderly patients from retained teeth and exposed root surfaces. Oral health problems in the later years of life are multifactorial, with lifestyle, plaque and salivary factors remaining paramount. Root surface caries is likely to present a challenge in patients with a strong history of past coronal caries (and who have the attendant lifestyle risk factors) as well as in elderly patients who suddenly develop salivary hypofunction...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792115/digital-workflow-in-full-arch-implant-rehabilitation-with-segmented-minimally-veneered-monolithic-zirconia-fixed-dental-prostheses-2-year-clinical-follow-up
#14
Panos Papaspyridakos, Kiho Kang, Catherine DeFuria, Sarah Amin, Yukio Kudara, Hans-Peter Weber
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a digital workflow in full-arch implant rehabilitation with minimally veneered monolithic zirconia and to report the outcomes including technical complications. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Three patients (5 edentulous arches) received full-arch fixed implant rehabilitation with monolithic zirconia and mild facial porcelain veneering involving a digital workflow. The incisal edges and occluding surface areas were milled out of monolithic zirconia to reduce the possibility of chipping...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782099/knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-application-of-the-shortened-dental-arch-concept-among-malaysian-government-dentists
#15
Siti Kamilah Mohd Kasim, Ishak Abdul Razak, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof
AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of Malaysian government dentists regarding the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept and its application in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The SDA concept refers to a specific type of dentition with intact anterior teeth and a reduction in posterior occlusal pairs. Dentists' knowledge and perceptions of the SDA concept can influence its application in clinical practice. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire on the SDA concept was distributed to 326 government dentists in the states of Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746465/orofacial-characteristics-of-functionally-independent-elders
#16
Danielle Nunes Moura Silva, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho
Purpose: to understand the main orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elderly individuals and to investigate their association with age, gender, socioeconomic level, and dental status. Methods: an observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample. Inclusion criteria: minimum age of 60 years, individual in good health conditions according to a pre-established protocol published by the health care service...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736605/minimally-invasive-orthodontics-elastodontic-therapy-in-a-growing-patient-affected-by-dentinogenesis-imperfecta
#17
Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Giuliana Nardacci, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni
AIM: The aim of the study was to report the use of an elastodontic therapy in a growing patient affected by Dentinogenesis Imperfecta, second class malocclusion, deep bite and lower arch crowding from the deciduous dentition to permanent one. CASE REPORT: At first, the 5-year-old patient was treated with an elastodontic device known as "Nite-Guide". When the patient was 7 years old, during her first permanent molars and incisors eruption and after optimal house-practices, an Occlus-o-Guide Series G was placed at night and on daylight (two hours a day) performing exercises aimed to activate facial muscles and facilitate the deep bite reopening...
January 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729593/is-the-shortened-dental-arch-still-a-satisfactory-option
#18
M Manola, F Hussain, B J Millar
Aims Dental practitioners may hold the view that missing posterior teeth should be replaced to ensure a healthy masticatory system and satisfactory oral function. However, the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept is still in use, but after 35 years is it acceptable? This review searches the literature for the evidence and opinions regarding the suitability of the SDA as a current treatment modality.Methods Medline and PubMed databases were searched for relevant terms, all the abstracts were assessed and articles selected according to the pre-set exclusion and inclusion criteria...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722005/a-conservative-management-of-iatrogenically-damaged-distal-root-of-the-mandibular-second-molar
#19
Rashmi Bansal, Sonali Roy, Praveen Chandra, Anuraag Gurtu, Rahul Pandey
Trauma to the adjacent hard and soft tissue is the most common iatrogenic injury during extraction of the mandibular third molar. As every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice, the major concern must be in conserving the tooth and its structure as much as possible. The present case discusses the application of this conservative approach for management of iatrogenically damaged distal root of the mandibular second molar during extraction of impacted third molar, in which excessive guttering of alveolar bone and fractured apical third of distal root of 37 was observed radiographically...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713747/the-surgical-management-of-skeletal-disproportion-with-lingual-orthodontics-and-three-dimensional-planning
#20
Krutiben Patel, Chung How Kau, Peter D Waite, Ahmet Arif Celebi
This case report describes the successful treatment of a 26-year-old Caucasian male with skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion associated with mild maxillary and mandibular crowding. The patient had anteroposterior and transverse discrepancies with a reverse overjet and bilateral posterior crossbites. The nonextraction treatment plan included aligning and leveling of the teeth in both arches, Le Fort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies, and postsurgical correction of the malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment was initiated with custom lingual appliances followed by orthognathic surgery planned with virtual surgical planning...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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