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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107730/systemic-atherosclerosis-and-voiding-symptom
#1
A Ozgur Yeniel, A Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Anıl Ari, Ceren Sancar, Ismail Mete Itil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of atherosclerosis on the storage and voiding symptoms of the bladder in women with overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of women with OAB who were evaluated between 2013 and 2015 in our urogynecology unit. Charts were assessed for history, examination findings, urinary diary, quality of life (QOL) questionnaires, urodynamic studies (UDSs), and four main risk factors for atherosclerosis: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and hyperlipidemia...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107682/happy-faces-sad-faces-emotion-understanding-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-language-impairments
#2
Carolien Rieffe, Carin H Wiefferink
BACKGROUND: The capacity for emotion recognition and understanding is crucial for daily social functioning. We examined to what extent this capacity is impaired in young children with a Language Impairment (LI). In typical development, children learn to recognize emotions in faces and situations through social experiences and social learning. Children with LI have less access to these experiences and are therefore expected to fall behind their peers without LI. METHOD: In this study, 89 preschool children with LI and 202 children without LI (mean age 3 years and 10 months in both groups) were tested on three indices for facial emotion recognition (discrimination, identification, and attribution in emotion evoking situations)...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107330/tell-me-about-you-experiences-teach-a-nurse-the-importance-of-listening%C3%A2
#4
Julie Beck
Unexpected cardiac issues at an early age inspired me to return to school to pursue a career in nursing. While in school, a close relationship with a family member facing a terminal cancer diagnosis gave me insight into the importance of listening as a tool for keeping patients safe and delivering the most appropriate care. These insights have shaped my career as I moved from student to RN to oncology nurse practitioner.
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107314/effect-of-treatment-with-twin-block-appliances-on-body-posture-in-class-ii-malocclusion-subjects-a-prospective-clinical-study
#5
Dalia Smailienė, Aistė Intienė, Irma Dobradziejutė, Gintaras Kušleika
BACKGROUND There is strong evidence that malocclusion and body posture are interdependent. The relationship between improvement of nasopharyngeal airway, correction of malocclusion by orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery, and changes in body posture were evaluated in several studies. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of the orthodontic treatment with Twin-block appliance on body posture. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study group consisted of 23 children (mean age 12.45 (1.06) years)...
January 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105740/psychosocial-distress-in-haematological-cancer-survivors-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
D Raphael, R Frey, M Gott
Haematological cancers are becoming more prevalent, however, survival is also increasing. Many survivors are faced with psychosocial issues after treatment ends, and they may not receive the support they need. This review aims to examine peer reviewed literature reporting psychosocial distress faced by haematological cancer survivors in the early post-treatment period. Database and hand searches were conducted between August and September 2015, with no year restriction. Eligible studies were those reporting on psychosocial sequelae in haematological cancer survivors up to 5 years post-treatment...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104708/prevalence-and-determinants-of-current-and-secondhand-smoking-in-greece-results-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-gats-study
#7
George Rachiotis, Anastasia Barbouni, Antonis Katsioulis, Eleni Antoniadou, Konstantinos Kostikas, Kyriakoula Merakou, Kallirrhoe Kourea, Rula N Khoury, Agis Tsouros, Jenny Kremastinou, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
OBJECTIVES: Greece is one of the leading tobacco-producing countries in European Union, and every year over 19 000 Greeks die from tobacco-attributable diseases. The aim of the present study was to provide nationally representative estimates on current and secondhand smoking prevalence in Greece and their determinants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Greece. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4359 individuals participated in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a household survey of adults ≥15 years old (overall response rate 69%)...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#8
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104428/long-term-clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#9
Mony Shuvy, Laurie J Morrison, Maria Koh, Feng Qiu, Jason E Buick, Paul Dorian, Damon C Scales, Jack V Tu, P Richard Verbeek, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Dennis T Ko
AIMS: Improvement in resuscitation efforts has translated to an increasing number of survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our objectives were to assess the long-term outcomes and predictors of mortality for patients who survived OHCA. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study linking the Toronto RescuNET cardiac arrest database with administrative databases in Ontario, Canada. We included patients with non-traumatic OHCA from December 1, 2005 to December 31, 2014...
January 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104088/myocardial-wall-thinning-predicts-transmural-substrate-in-patients-with-scar-related-ventricular-tachycardia
#10
Seigo Yamashita, Frédéric Sacher, Darren A Hooks, Benjamin Berte, Jean-Marc Sellal, Antonio Frontera, Nora Al Jefairi, Yuki Komatsu, Sana Amraoui, Arnaud Denis, Nicolas Derval, Maxime Sermesant, François Laurent, Michel Montaudon, Mélèze Hocini, Michel Haïssaguerre, Pierre Jaïs, Hubert Cochet
BACKGROUND: Scar-related ventricular tachycardia (VT) arises from specific substrate according to etiology. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between wall thinning (WT) on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and local abnormal ventricular activity (LAVA) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), postmyocarditis (PMC), and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: Forty-two patients (40 male, age 58 ± 13 years, 22 ICM, 11 PMC, 9 DCM) underwent MDCT before a combined endo-/epicardial VT ablation procedure...
February 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104050/knowledge-attitudes-and-challenges-of-healthcare-professionals-managing-people-with-eating-disorders-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Xin Yi Seah, Xiang Cong Tham, Netty Ryanie Kamaruzaman, Piyanee Klainin Yobas
This review consolidates findings regarding knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals, together with challenges faced while caring for patients with eating disorders. A rigorous and systematic approach was taken to identify 21 articles, which include 12 quantitative, 7 qualitative, and 2 mixed-method papers. Healthcare professionals' knowledge and attitudes toward patients with eating disorders will be discussed, while identifying if factors like age, gender, work experience or profession have an impact on these two variables...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103557/data-dependent-label-distribution-learning-for-age-estimation
#12
Zhouzhou He, Xi Li, Zhongfei Zhang, Fei Wu, Xin Geng, Yaqing Zhang, Ming-Hsuan Yang, Yueting Zhuang
As an important and challenging problem in computer vision, face age estimation is typically cast as a classification or regression problem over a set of face samples with respect to several ordinal age labels, which have intrinsically cross-age correlations across adjacent age dimensions. As a result, such correlations usually lead to the age label ambiguities of the face samples. Namely, each face sample is associated with a latent label distribution that encodes the cross-age correlation information on label ambiguities...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102792/a-study-exploring-the-protean-responses-of-nurses-transitioning-to-primary-healthcare
#13
Christine Ashley, Elizabeth Halcomb, Angela Brown
Background Healthcare systems are faced with changing community health profiles and ageing populations. Together with economic considerations, these factors have influenced the increase in provision of care in primary rather than other healthcare settings. Many nurses are electing to move from acute care to meet demands for a skilled primary healthcare workforce. However, little is reported about these nurses' experiences of transition. Aim To describe how role theory provides a theoretical framework to inform the design of a mixed-methods study exploring the transition of acute care nurses to roles in primary health care...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101883/mytreehouse-self-concept-assessment-preliminary-psychometric-analysis-of-a-new-self-concept-assessment-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Sau Kuan Cheong, Cathryne P Lang, Sheryl A Hemphill, Leanne M Johnston
AIM: To evaluate the preliminary validity and reliability of the myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment for children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 8 to 12 years. METHOD: The myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment includes 26 items divided into eight domains, assessed across three Performance Perspectives (Personal, Social, and Perceived) and an additional Importance Rating. Face and content validity was assessed by semi-structured interviews with seven expert professionals regarding the assessment construct, content, and clinical utility...
January 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101845/feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-treatment-outcomes-in-a-school-based-cbt-intervention-program-for-adolescents-with-asd-and-anxiety-in-singapore
#15
Irene E Drmic, Mariam Aljunied, Judy Reaven
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk for anxiety difficulties and disorders. Clinic-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective; however, few published school-based CBT programs for youth with ASD exist. In this study, the Facing Your Fears CBT protocol was adapted for delivery and piloted within a school setting by non-clinicians, with culturally appropriate adaptations. 44 13-15 aged youth with ASD from 22 mainstream schools in Singapore participated. Feasibility, acceptability and preliminary treatment outcomes were examined...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101561/wheelchair-donation-in-a-low-resources-setting-utilization-challenges-and-benefits-of-wheelchair-provided-through-a-specialized-seating-programme-in-haiti
#16
Emma Sumner, Colleen O'Connell, Brenda MacAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To describe a 6-month follow-up of a specialized paediatric wheelchair and seating programme in Haiti. DESIGN: Descriptive design using a structured survey and open-ended questions. METHODS: Concurrent with a seating and wheelchair programme conducted in northern Haiti, beneficiaries and their families were introduced to the study, and 86 of 91 consented to future contact. A survey was developed with input from international and local partners, and administered by face-to-face or telephone interviews...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100667/the-control-of-translational-accuracy-is-a-determinant-of-healthy-ageing-in-yeast
#17
Tobias von der Haar, Jane E Leadsham, Aimie Sauvadet, Daniel Tarrant, Ilectra S Adam, Kofo Saromi, Peter Laun, Mark Rinnerthaler, Hannelore Breitenbach-Koller, Michael Breitenbach, Mick F Tuite, Campbell W Gourlay
Life requires the maintenance of molecular function in the face of stochastic processes that tend to adversely affect macromolecular integrity. This is particularly relevant during ageing, as many cellular functions decline with age, including growth, mitochondrial function and energy metabolism. Protein synthesis must deliver functional proteins at all times, implying that the effects of protein synthesis errors like amino acid misincorporation and stop-codon read-through must be minimized during ageing. Here we show that loss of translational accuracy accelerates the loss of viability in stationary phase yeast...
January 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100358/-study-on-the-effect-and-predictive-to-bronchiectasis-combined-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
W Ding, Y F Zhao, H W Lu, S Liang, K B Cheng, J F Xu
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of bronchiectasis(BR)coexisting in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: One hundred and forty-eight bronchiectasis patients were retrospectively analyzed. These cases were all diagnosed in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital and Shanghai Gongli Hospital of Pudong New Area during Jan. 2012 to Dec.2015.The patients consisted of 74 males and 74 females, aging from 45 to 79 [mean(65±11)] years. In these patients, coexisting rheumatoid arthritis was found in 34 males and 36 females, aging from 45 to 79[mean(68±12)] years(RA-BR group)...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099980/challenges-faced-in-translating-the-benefits-of-surfactant-replacement-therapy-to-a-resource-limited-setting
#19
N Hamilton, Helen Trotman
Aim To determine the challenges, if any, in translating the benefits of surfactant replacement therapy (SRT) to a resource-limited setting. Method This was a retrospective descriptive study comparing the outcome of 75 cases who received surfactant and 69 controls who did not at the University Hospital of the West Indies during the period 2001 to 2011. Descriptive analyses were performed. Statistical significance was taken at the level p < 0.05. Results Only 13% of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome received surfactant therapy...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099775/the-population-genomic-signature-of-environmental-association-and-gene-flow-in-an-ecologically-divergent-tree-species-metrosideros-polymorpha-myrtaceae
#20
Ayako Izuno, Kanehiro Kitayama, Yusuke Onoda, Yuki Tsujii, Masaomi Hatakeyama, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, Hiroshi Kudoh, Kentaro K Shimizu, Yuji Isagi
Genome-wide markers enable us to study genetic differentiation within a species and the factors underlying it at a much higher resolution than before, which advances our understanding of adaptation in organisms. We investigated genomic divergence in Metrosideros polymorpha, a woody species that occupies a wide range of ecological habitats across the Hawaiian Islands and shows remarkable phenotypic variation. Using 1,659 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers annotated with the genome assembly, we examined the population genetic structure and demographic history of nine populations across five elevations and two ages of substrates on Mauna Loa, the island of Hawaii...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
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