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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351345/to-impres-or-to-expres-exploiting-comparative-judgments-to-measure-and-visualize-implicit-and-explicit-preferences
#1
Tom Everaert, Adriaan Spruyt, Jan De Houwer
We introduce an adaptation of the affect misattribution procedure (AMP), called the implicit preference scale (IMPRES). Participants who complete the IMPRES indicate their preference for one of two, simultaneously presented Chinese ideographs. Each ideograph is preceded by a briefly presented prime stimulus that is irrelevant to the task. Participants are hypothesized to prefer the ideograph that is preceded by the prime they prefer. In the present research, the IMPRES was designed to capture racial attitudes (preferences for white versus black faces) and age-related attitudes (preferences for young versus old faces)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350971/rating-nasolabial-aesthetics-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-cropped-versus-full-face-images
#2
Roderic M F Schwirtz, Frans J Mulder, David G M Mosmuller, Robin A Tan, Thomas J Maal, Charlotte Prahl, Henrica C W de Vet, J Peter W Don Griot
OBJECTIVE: To determine if cropping facial images affects nasolabial aesthetics assessments in unilateral cleft lip patients and to evaluate the effect of facial attractiveness on nasolabial evaluation. DESIGN: Two cleft surgeons and one cleft orthodontist assessed standardized frontal photographs 4 times; nasolabial aesthetics were rated on cropped and full-face images using the Cleft Aesthetic Rating Scale, and total facial attractiveness was rated on full-face images with and without the nasolabial area blurred using a 5-point Likert scale...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349200/changes-in-living-arrangements-and-mortality-among-older-people-in-china
#3
Zhixin Feng, Jane Falkingham, Xiaoting Liu, Athina Vlachantoni
Living arrangements in later life are dynamic, with changes associated with life events such as widowhood or moves into an institution. Previous research has found particular changes in living arrangements to be associated with an elevated risk of mortality. However, research in this area within the context of China is limited, despite China being home to the world's largest population of older people. This study investigates the impact of changes in living arrangements on older persons' survival using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 2002 to 2011...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349050/a-comparison-of-the-local-flap-and-skin-graft-by-location-of-face-in-reconstruction-after-resection-of-facial-skin-cancer
#4
Kyung Suk Lee, Jun Oh Kim, Nam Gyun Kim, Yoon Jung Lee, Young Ji Park, Jun Sik Kim
Background: Surgery for reconstruction of defects after surgery should be performed selectively and the many points must be considered. The authors conducted this study to compare the local flap and skin graft by facial location in the reconstruction after resection of facial skin cancer. Methods: The authors performed the study in patients that had received treatment in Department of Plastic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University. The cases were analyzed according to the reconstruction methods for the defects after surgery, sex, age, tumor site, and tumor size...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348264/employment-among-patients-starting-dialysis-in-the-united-states
#5
Kevin F Erickson, Bo Zhao, Vivian Ho, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with ESRD face significant challenges to remaining employed. It is unknown when in the course of kidney disease patients stop working. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We examined employment trends over time among patients ages 18-54 years old who initiated dialysis in the United States between 1996 and 2013 from a national ESRD registry. We compared unadjusted trends in employment at the start of dialysis and 6 months before ESRD and used linear probability models to estimate changes in employment over time after adjusting for patient characteristics and local unemployment rates in the general population...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348038/children-with-fragile-x-syndrome-display-threat-specific-biases-toward-emotion
#6
Jessica L Burris, Ryan A Barry-Anwar, Riley N Sims, Randi J Hagerman, Flora Tassone, Susan M Rivera
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. FXS is caused by a silencing of the FMR1 gene that results in a loss or absence of the gene's protein product, fragile X mental retardation protein. The phenotype of FXS is consistently associated with heightened anxiety, although no previous study has investigated attentional bias toward threat, a hallmark of anxiety disorders, in individuals with FXS. METHODS: The current study employed a passive-viewing eye-tracking version of the dot probe task to investigate attentional biases toward emotional faces in young children with FXS (n = 47) and without FXS (n = 94)...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#7
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347869/social-support-networks-and-quality-of-life-of-rural-men-in-a-context-of-marriage-squeeze-in-china
#8
Sasa Wang, Xueyan Yang, Isabelle Attané
A significant number of rural Chinese men are facing difficulties in finding a spouse and may fail to ever marry due to a relative scarcity of women in the adult population. Research has indicated that marriage squeeze is a stressful event which is harmful to men's quality of life, and also weakens their social support networks. Using data collected in rural Chaohu city, Anhui, China, this study explores the effects of social support networks on quality of life of rural men who experience a marriage squeeze...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346428/revisiting-facial-resemblance-in-couples
#9
Yetta Kwailing Wong, Wing Wah Wong, Kelvin F H Lui, Alan C-N Wong
It is widely believed that couples look alike. Consistently, previous research reported higher facial similarity for couples than non-couples, and that facial similarity predicts marital satisfaction. However, it is unclear if facial similarity in couples shown in previous studies was solely driven by extrinsic features like hairstyle, glasses, etc. Also unclear is what attributes are perceived as similar from the faces of a couple. In three experiments, we showed that faces were considered more similar in couples than non-couples even without extrinsic features...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346378/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-virtual-clinic-on-patient-experience-personal-and-provider-costs-of-care-in-urinary-incontinence-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Georgina Jones, Victoria Brennan, Richard Jacques, Hilary Wood, Simon Dixon, Stephen Radley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of using a 'virtual clinic' on patient experience and cost in the care of women with urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women, aged > 18 years referred to a urogynaecology unit were randomised to either (1) A Standard Clinic or (2) A Virtual Clinic. Both groups completed a validated, web-based interactive, patient-reported outome measure (ePAQ-Pelvic Floor), in advance of their appointment followed by either a telephone consultation (Virtual Clinic) or face-to-face consultation (Standard Care)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345476/adapting-a-parenting-intervention-for-parents-aging-out-of-the-child-welfare-system-a-systematic-approach-to-expand-the-reach-of-an-evidence-based-intervention
#11
Kendal Holtrop, Angela I Canto, Lisa Schelbe, Lenore M McWey, Melissa Radey, Jordan E Montgomery
Parents aging out of the child welfare system face a constellation of unique risk factors that threaten the well-being of themselves and their children. Although parenting interventions are an important resource for providing much-needed services to parents aging out, there is currently a lack of evidence-based parenting interventions that address the unique needs of this population. The purpose of this project was to systematically adapt an evidence-based parenting intervention for parents aging out. An established adaptation framework was used to guide this process, and acceptability and feasibility outcomes were evaluated as part of a pilot study of the adapted intervention...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345021/effects-of-loneliness-on-illness-perception-in-persons-with-a-chronic-disease
#12
Fatma Özkan Tuncay, Tülay Kars Fertelli, Mukadder Mollaoğlu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the effects of loneliness on illness perception in persons with a chronic disease. BACKGROUND: How an illness is perceived not only affects all dimensions of a person's life but also plays an important role in his/her coping with the complications and consequences of the disease. One of the factors that influence the illness perception is loneliness. DESIGN: The study is a descriptive study...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344538/lived-experiences-of-mothers-with-diabetic-children-from-the-transfer-of-caring-role
#13
Maryam Khandan, Farokh Abazari, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Background: Following the confirmed type 1 diabetes in children and their discharge from the hospital, the care responsibilities are transferred from nurses to mothers. These mothers are faced with many challenges to play this caring role. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of the diabetic children's mothers from the transfer of caring role. Methods: In 2016, semi-structured interviews with Eleven Iranian mothers of children (aged≤14 year) with type 1 diabetes were conducted...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344535/sexual-experience-of-iranian-women-in-their-middle-life-a-qualitative-approach
#14
Sedigheh Moghasemi, Giti Ozgoli, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masomeh Simbar
Background: Sexual problems are common among the middle-aged women; however, there is no deep understanding of sexuality in midlife. The current study aimed to investigate Iranian women's attitudes and experiences about sexual life changes in midlife. Methods: This is a descriptive qualitative study. Seventeen women aged 40 -65 years old were purposively selected from urban health centers in Gorgan, Iran, in 2015. Face-to-face, semi-structured and in-depth interviews were conducted for data collection until data saturation was attained...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343253/an-integrated-primary-care-approach-for-frail-community-dwelling-older-persons-a-step-forward-in-improving-the-quality-of-care
#15
Lotte Vestjens, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: High-quality care delivery for frail older persons, many of whom have multiple complex needs, is among the greatest challenges faced by healthcare systems today. The Chronic Care Model (CCM) may guide quality improvement efforts for primary care delivery to frail older populations. Objectives of this study were to assess the implementation of interventions in CCM dimensions, and to investigate the quality of primary care as perceived by healthcare professionals, in practices following the Finding and Follow-up of Frail older persons (FFF) integrated care approach and those providing usual care...
January 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343226/binge-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-among-females-of-child-bearing-age-the-korea-nurses-health-study
#16
O Kim, M S Kim, J Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. METHODS: Participants were 7,267 female nurses, of which 502 had symptoms of BED...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341606/hogg1-removes-solution-accessible-8-oxog-lesions-from-globally-substituted-nucleosomes-except-at-the-dyad-region
#17
Katharina Bilotti, Mary E Tarantino, Sarah Delaney
Persistent DNA damage is responsible for mutagenesis, aging, and disease. Repair of the prototypic oxidatively damaged guanine lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) is initiated by oxoguanine glycosylase (hOGG1 in humans). In this work, we examine hOGG1 activity on DNA packaged as it is in chromatin, in a nucleosome core particle (NCP). We use synthetic methods to generate a population of NCPs with G to 8-oxoG substitutions and evaluate the global profile of hOGG1 repair in packaged DNA. For several turns of the helix, we observe that solution-accessible 8-oxoG are sites of activity for hOGG1...
January 17, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341388/venous-anastomosis-by-piggyback-technique-to-avoid-twisting-of-the-pediatric-en-bloc-kidney-grafts
#18
Jun Li, Raphael Schild, Jochen Herrmann, Jun Oh, Lutz Fischer, Martina Koch
This is the first report of using piggyback technique for the venous anastomosis in two pediatric recipients of small en bloc kidneys, which was found to be effective to avoid twisting of the grafts and vessels. The donors were aged 2 and 3 years with a body weight of 17 and 20 kg. The recipient age was 14 and 16 years with a body weight of 42 and 54 kg. The implantation was done extraperitoneally in the right iliac fossa. The donor's inferior vena cava was anastomosed to the recipient's distal caval vein side-to-side using 6-0 polydioxanone running suture as the piggyback technique, initially dealing with the short vena cava graft in the first case...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340950/dermatologic-lesions-submitted-to-an-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathology-biopsy-service-an-analysis-of-2487-cases
#19
Rekha Reddy, Liya Davidova, Indraneel Bhattacharyya, Donald M Cohen, Mohammed N Islam, Sarah G Fitzpatrick
Skin lesions are often submitted to oral and maxillofacial pathology practices. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency, distribution, variability, and composition of dermatologic lesions within a large oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service. An IRB-approved retrospective search of skin lesions diagnosed at University of Florida oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service between 1994 and 2015 was performed. 2487 cases were included in the study. Gender was reported in 2466 cases, of which 59% were male and 41% female...
January 16, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340781/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-college-students-and-same-aged-peers-results-from-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#20
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer G Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J Mcgrath, Siobhan O'neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaerts
PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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