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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432875/one-step-surgical-correction-of-transverse-and-anteroposterior-maxillary-deficiencies-using-wire-fixation-a-new-approach-and-long-term-stability
#1
Max Domingues Pereira, Vivian Farfel, Gabriela Pereira Ribeiro Prado, Lydia Masako Ferreira
PURPOSE: To describe a retrospective assessment of the long-term stability of a new approach using wire fixation for 1-step surgical correction of transverse and anteroposterior maxillary deficiencies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a case series of 5 adult patients (3 men and 2 women; mean age, 31.4 yr) needing maxillary advancement less than 5 mm and had transverse maxillary deficiency greater than 7 mm who underwent total Le Fort I and median palatal suture osteotomies and had their maxilla advanced and stabilized bilaterally with stainless steel wire...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432775/application-for-lower-facial-fat-reduction-and-tightening-by-static-type-monopolar-1-mhz-radio-frequency%C3%A2-for-body-contouring
#2
Jun Sugawara, Seiko Kou, Kenichi Kokubo, Aimi Kuroda, Yoshie Hashizume, Shinji Kobayashi, Jirou Maegawa, Toshihiko Satake
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction and mesotherapy are popular treatments for fat reduction of lower face, but because these treatments are invasive, a novel non-invasive treatment with similar or better efficacy has been sought. There are various devices such as CoolSculpt, laser, RF, and HIFU that are used as non-invasive treatments for fat reduction and body contouring, but these applications have not been applied to facial fat reduction. In this study, we selected Monopolar 1-MHz RF for body contouring to be applied for fat reduction and tightening of the lower face...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432727/efficacy-of-fractionated-microneedle-radiofrequency-with-and-without-adding-subcision-for-the-treatment-of-atrophic-facial-acne-scars-a-randomized-split-face-clinical-study
#3
Gita Faghihi, Nazila Poostiyan, Ali Asilian, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Masoom Shahbazi, Fariba Iraji, Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard treatment for facial acne scars, and overall, little literature exists about the combination therapy for treatment of acne scar. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fractionated microneedle radiofrequency (FMR) vs FMR combined with subcision for the treatment of atrophic acne scars. PATIENTS/METHODS: This was a randomized, split-face clinical study of 25 patients with II-IV Fitzpatrick skin types with moderate to severe facial atrophic acne scars...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432514/breast-cancer-treatment-costs-in-younger-privately-insured-women
#4
Benjamin T Allaire, Donatus U Ekwueme, Diana Poehler, Cheryll C Thomas, Gery P Guy, Sujha Subramanian, Justin G Trogdon
PURPOSE: Younger women (under age 45 years) diagnosed with breast cancer often face more aggressive tumors, higher treatment intensity, lower survival rates, and greater financial hardship. The purpose of this study was to estimate breast cancer costs by stage at diagnosis during the first 18 months of treatment for privately insured younger women. METHODS: We analyzed North Carolina cancer registry data linked to claims data from private insurers from 2003 to 2010...
April 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431806/gender-specific-evaluation-of-variation-of-maxillary-exposure-when-smiling
#5
Niels Christian Pausch, Dimitrios Katsoulis
INTRODUCTION: Excessive exposure of maxillary teeth when smiling can have a negative effect on the aesthetics and attractiveness of the face. The presented study was aimed to evaluate the effect of different amounts of gingival exposure on the perception of such human characteristics and qualities as age, attractiveness, gender specificity, and felt sympathy in the context of the whole face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two participants (21 female and 21 male students of Dental Medicine) were recruited as evaluators for the study...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431627/sequential-naion-presenting-as-pseudo-foster-kennedy-syndrome
#6
Anuja Patil, Aastha Takkar, Manoj Goyal, Ramandeep Singh, Vivek Lal
PURPOSE: To review recurrent NAION as a cause for PFK syndrome. METHODS: In an observational study patients presenting with sudden loss of vision were evaluated. We reviewed patients presenting with disc edema on one side and optic atrophy in contralateral eye on fundus examination. Their visual field defects and fundus fluorescein angiography was assessed. RESULTS: Of the 7 patients evaluated 4 (57.1%) were females. Mean age at presentation was 53...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431532/residents-satisfaction-with-primary-medical-and-health-services-in-western-china
#7
Weinan Dong, Qingyu Zhang, Chunsheng Yan, Wanling Fu, Linlin Xu
BACKGROUND: Currently, China is in the process of medical and health care reform, and the establishment of primary medical and health services covering urban and rural residents is an important aspect of this process. Studying the satisfaction of residents of underdeveloped areas with their primary medical and health services and identifying the factors that can increase the satisfaction of different groups may improve patient compliance and ultimately improve health. Moreover, such research may provide a reference for the development of medical and health undertakings in similarly underdeveloped areas...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431518/is-adjuvant-chemotherapy-necessary-in-pt1n1-gastric-cancer
#8
Hyun Beak Shin, Ji Yeong An, Seung Hyoung Lee, Yoon Young Choi, Jong Won Kim, Soo Sang Sohn, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: Due to a lack of consensus on adjuvant treatments for pT1N1 gastric cancer, surgeons face a dilemma when deciding treatments for patients with pT1N1 gastric cancer after gastrectomy. The objective of this study was to determine survival benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy and risk factors for tumor recurrence in gastric cancer patients with pT1N1. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2010, 510 patients who underwent curative resection for pT1N1 gastric cancer at three institutes were divided into two groups: adjuvant chemotherapy group (N = 150) and surgery-only group (N = 360)...
April 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429999/beneficial-effects-of-oral-supplementation-with-ovoderm-on-human-skin-physiology-two-pilot-studies
#10
Andrés Aguirre, Erena Gil-Quintana, Marisa Fenaux, Sandra Erdozain, Itziar Sarria
Collagens and hyaluronic acid have long been used in pharmaceuticals and food supplements for the improvement of skin elasticity and hydration. These compounds provide the building blocks of the skin. Ovoderm is an oral supplement obtained from eggshells that contains naturally occurring collagen and glycosaminoglycans, such as hyaluronic acid. We evaluated the efficacy of Ovoderm on skin biophysical parameters related to cutaneous aging such as elasticity, hydration, and pigmentation. Two pilot studies were run to assess the effect of daily oral supplementation with 300 mg Ovoderm on skin parameters...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428878/immunization-dropout-rate-and-data-quality-among-children-12-23-months-of-age-in-ghana
#11
Benjamin Baguune, Joyce Aputere Ndago, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya
BACKGROUND: Immunization against diseases is one of the most important public health interventions with cost effective means to preventing childhood morbidity, mortality and disability. However, a proportion of children particularly in Africa are not fully immunized with the recommended vaccines. Thus, many children are still susceptible to the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) targeted diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the immunization dropout rate and data quality among children aged 12-23 months in Techiman Municipality, Ghana...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428732/access-to-information-and-counselling-older-cancer-patients-self-report-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Kristin Vassbotn Guldhav, Randi Jepsen, Siri Ytrehus, Ellen Karine Grov
BACKGROUND: An increasingly older population, improved diagnostics and treatment increase the number of older cancer survivors, thus more than 60% of those affected by cancer are over the age of 65. Symptom relief and the prevention of functional impairment are important tasks for home care nursing, considering that patients can live a long time with their cancer disease and related side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which cancer patients over the age of 65 reported access to information and counselling from home care nursing services, including those offered by the cancer coordinator...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427763/exploring-patient-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-heart-failure-telerehabilitation-program-a-mixed-methods-approach
#13
Rita Hwang, Allison Mandrusiak, Norman R Morris, Robyn Peters, Dariusz Korczyk, Jared Bruning, Trevor Russell
OBJECTIVES: To describe patient experiences and perspectives of a group-based heart failure (HF) telerehabilitation program delivered to the homes via online video-conferencing. BACKGROUND: Limited information currently exists on patient experiences of telerehabilitation for HF. Patient feedback and end-user perspectives provide important information regarding the acceptability of this new delivery model which may have a substantial impact on future uptake. METHODS: We used mixed-methods design with purposive sampling of patients with HF...
April 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427536/health-risks-of-food-oxidation
#14
Mario Estévez, Zhuqing Li, Olugbenga P Soladoye, Thomas Van-Hecke
The impact of dietary habits on our health is indisputable. Consumer's concern on aging and age-related diseases challenges scientists to underline the potential role of food on the extension and guarantee of lifespan and healthspan. While some dietary components and habits are generally regarded as beneficial for our health, some others are being found to exert potential toxic effects and hence, contribute to the onset of particular health disorders. Among the latter, lipid and protein oxidation products formed during food production, storage, processing, and culinary preparation have been recently identified as potentially harmful to humans...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427311/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-clinic-based-mediterranean-style-diet-intervention-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-for-hispanic-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Laura Cubillos, Yanire Estrada Del Campo, Khalil Harbi, Thomas Keyserling, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Daniel S Reuland
Purpose The purpose of the study was to modify a previously tested Spanish language version of a Mediterranean (Med)-style dietary intervention so that the dietary recommendations align with the cultural and social needs of Hispanic Americans (HAs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and evaluate the modified intervention's feasibility and acceptability. Methods In phase I (formative), semi-structured interviews and focus groups were used to refine the intervention content and format for delivery to HAs with T2D receiving care at a large primary care practice...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427000/psychological-maltreatment-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-problems-a-brief-and-effective-measure-of-psychological-maltreatment-in-adolescents
#16
Gökmen Arslan
Psychological maltreatment is an important social and public health problem and associated with a wide range of short and long-term outcomes in childhood to adulthood. Given the importance of investigating mitigating factors on its effect, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the mediating effect of active and avoidant coping strategies on the association between psychological maltreatment and mental health- internalizing and externalizing- problems in adolescents. Participants of the study consisted of 783 adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M=15...
April 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426748/tails-of-the-travelling-gaussian-model-and-the-relative-age-effect-tales-of-age-discrimination-and-wasted-talent
#17
John R Doyle, Paul A Bottomley, Rob Angell
The Relative Age Effect (RAE) documents the inherent disadvantages of being younger rather than older in an age-banded cohort, typically a school- or competition-year, to the detriment of career-progression, earnings and wellbeing into adulthood. We develop the Tails of the Travelling Gaussian (TTG) to model the mechanisms behind RAE. TTG has notable advantages over existing approaches, which have been largely descriptive, potentially confounded, and non-comparable across contexts. In Study 1, using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, we investigate the different levels of RAE bias across school-level academic subjects and "personality" traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426631/directional-changes-in-tissue-reflectivity-may-influence-flow-detection-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#18
Rosa Dolz-Marco, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To determine if directional or anatomical changes in tissue reflectivity of Henle fiber layer (HFL) may influence flow detection on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of consecutive cases undergoing OCT-A. Directional changes in visualization of HFL were either produced manually by moving the beam entrance within the pupil or observed occurring naturally because of tilting of the OCT line-scan within a myopic staphyloma...
April 19, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426619/committee-opinion-no-698-hormone-therapy-in-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#19
(no author information available yet)
Primary ovarian insufficiency describes a spectrum of declining ovarian function and reduced fecundity due to a premature decrease in initial follicle number, an increase in follicle destruction, or poor follicular response to gonadotropins. The sequelae of primary ovarian insufficiency include vasomotor symptoms, urogenital atrophy, osteoporosis and fracture, cardiovascular disease, and increased all-cause mortality. In women with primary ovarian insufficiency, systemic hormone therapy (HT) is an effective approach to treat the symptoms of hypoestrogenism and mitigate long-term health risks if there are no contraindications to treatment...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426614/committee-opinion-no-698-summary-hormone-therapy-in-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#20
(no author information available yet)
Primary ovarian insufficiency describes a spectrum of declining ovarian function and reduced fecundity due to a premature decrease in initial follicle number, an increase in follicle destruction, or poor follicular response to gonadotropins. The sequelae of primary ovarian insufficiency include vasomotor symptoms, urogenital atrophy, osteoporosis and fracture, cardiovascular disease, and increased all-cause mortality. In women with primary ovarian insufficiency, systemic hormone therapy (HT) is an effective approach to treat the symptoms of hypoestrogenism and mitigate long-term health risks if there are no contraindications to treatment...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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