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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#1
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145523/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-and-awareness-questionnaire
#2
Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, João Marôco, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
AIMS: To cross-culturally adapt the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) to the Brazilian Portuguese language, to evaluate its psychometric properties when applied to Brazilian pain-free adults and to adults with different pain profiles, and to compare the PVAQ factor scores of different groups using a new method for calculating the overall scores for vigilance, attention to pain, and awareness of changes in pain. METHODS: A total of 1,143 adults (79% women; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age of 38...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145485/adolescents-perception-of-parental-feeding-practices-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practices-questionnaire-for-brazilian-adolescents-the-cfpq-teen
#3
Ângela Bein Piccoli, Lucas Neiva-Silva, Clarisse Pereira Mosmann, Dara Musher-Eizenman, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Parental feeding practices may play a key role in dietary habits and nutritional status of adolescents, but research from adolescents' point of view on this topic is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate an instrument of parental feeding practices as perceived by adolescents in a Brazilian setting. METHODS: The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and adapted to be answered by adolescents (ages 12 to 18)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#4
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144224/violence-exposure-and-neural-systems-underlying-working-memory-for-emotional-stimuli-in-youth
#5
Jessica L Jenness, Maya L Rosen, Kelly A Sambrook, Meg J Dennison, Hilary K Lambert, Margaret A Sheridan, Katie A McLaughlin
Violence exposure during childhood is common and associated with poor cognitive and academic functioning. However, little is known about how violence exposure influences cognitive processes that might contribute to these disparities, such as working memory, or their neural underpinnings, particularly for cognitive processes that occur in emotionally salient contexts. We address this gap in a sample of 54 participants aged 8 to 19 years (50% female), half with exposure to interpersonal violence. Participants completed a delayed match to sample task for emotional faces while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143571/enabling-positive-change-progress-and-setbacks-in-hiv-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#6
Purnima Mane, Peter Aggleton
At a point in history when the future of sexual and reproductive health including HIV looks particularly uncertain, it is helpful to recognise that many of the challenges currently faced are neither new nor insurmountable. Reflecting on past achievements and lessons learned helps us to have confidence that positive change is feasible. This paper reflects on some of the changes observed in countries like India and Mozambique and identifies a range of factors which need to coalesce to enable these developments, along with specific contextual factors...
November 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141812/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-iran
#7
Sharareh Eskandarieh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Amir Reza Azimi, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitys optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a rare demyelinating disease; as a result, the epidemiological data on this disorder is scarce. In this regard, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, serology, and clinical features of NMOSD in Caucasian population in Tehran, Iran. METHOD: A cross sectional study was performed in Tehran from 2015 to 2016 among patients registered with NMOSD diagnosis, based on consensus criteria published in 2015...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141743/prognostic-and-predictive-factors-of-ebola-virus-disease-outcome-in-elderly-people-during-the-2014-outbreak-in-guinea
#8
Mahamoud Sama Cherif, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Diénaba Kassé, Fatoumata Cherif, Facély Camara, Alpha Koné, Mandiou Diakité, Mohamed Cisse, Mamadou Pathé Diallo, Edouard Le Gall, Juntra Karbwang, Kenji Hirayama
Elderly people occupy a prominent position in African societies; however, their potential linkage to high case fatality rate (CFR) in Ebola virus disease (EVD) was often overlooked. We describe the predictive factors for EVD lethality in the elderly. A total of 2,004 adults and 309 elderly patients with confirmed EVD were included in the analysis. The median age (interquartile range) was 35 years (23-44) in adults and 65 years (60-70) in the elderly. The proportion of funeral participation was significantly higher in the elderly group than in the adult group...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141188/autistic-traits-modulate-the-activity-of-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-response-to-female-faces
#9
Yui Murakami, Shinya Sakai, Kenta Takeda, Daisuke Sawamura, Kazuki Yoshida, Takamichi Hirose, Chisa Ikeda, Hiroki Mani, Toru Yamamoto, Ayahito Ito
Previous findings have revealed abnormal visual attention or processing of faces among individuals with autism spectrum condition (ASC). However, little attention has been paid to the relationship between autistic traits and neural mechanisms associated with representing facial values. Using fMRI, we investigated the patterns of brain activity in the vmPFC and VS in response to faces of elderly males, elderly females, young males, and young females. During fMRI, subjects with a relatively high autism quotient (high group) and those with a relatively low autism quotient (low group) were presented with a face and asked to rate its pleasantness...
November 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140818/drop-instillation-and-glaucoma
#10
Scott A Davis, Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Susan J Blalock, Kelly W Muir, Donald L Budenz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current state of knowledge regarding glaucoma patients' eye drop technique, interventions attempting to improve eye drop technique, and methods for assessing eye drop technique. RECENT FINDINGS: In observational studies, between 18.2 and 80% of patients contaminate their eye drop bottle by touching their eye or face, 11.3-60.6% do not instill exactly one drop, and 6.8-37.3% miss the eye with the drop. Factors significantly associated with poorer technique include older age, lack of instruction on eye drop technique, female sex, arthritis, more severe visual field defect, lack of positive reinforcement to take eye drops, lower educational level, low self-efficacy, and being seen at a clinic rather than a private practice...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140737/older-americans-were-sicker-and-faced-more-financial-barriers-to-health-care-than-counterparts-in-other-countries
#11
Robin Osborn, Michelle M Doty, Donald Moulds, Dana O Sarnak, Arnav Shah
High-income countries are grappling with the challenge of caring for aging populations, many of whose members have chronic illnesses and declining capacity to manage activities of daily living. The 2017 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults in eleven countries showed that US seniors were sicker than their counterparts in other countries and, despite universal coverage under Medicare, faced more financial barriers to health care. The survey's findings also highlight economic hardship and mental health problems that may affect older adults' health, use of care, and outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140586/annual-global-mean-temperature-explains-reproductive-success-in-a-marine-vertebrate-from-1955-2010
#12
Robert A Mauck, Donald C Dearborn, Charles E Huntington
The salient feature of anthropogenic climate change over the last century has been the rise in global mean temperature. However, global mean temperature is not used as an explanatory variable in studies of population-level response to climate change, perhaps because the signal to noise ratio of this gross measure makes its effect difficult to detect in any but the longest of datasets. Using a population of Leach's storm-petrels breeding in the Bay of Fundy, we tested whether local, regional, or global temperature measures are the best index of reproductive success in the face of climate change in species that travel widely between and within seasons...
November 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140543/infant-mortality-in-white-faced-capuchins-the-impact-of-alpha-male-replacements
#13
Lauren F Brasington, Eva C Wikberg, Shoji Kawamura, Linda M Fedigan, Katharine M Jack
Infanticide is common in the context of alpha male replacements (AMR), particularly in groups where alpha males experience high reproductive skew and the infants are unlikely to be related to a new alpha male. We examined the relationship between the rate of infant mortality, infant age, and the occurrence and type of AMR in white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator) of the Santa Rosa population in Sector Santa Rosa, Área de Conservación Guanacaste. Specifically, we investigated how the source of the new alpha male (coresident or extragroup) and relative aggression level during AMRs influenced infant mortality in this species...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139276/preventing-stroke-and-assessing-risk-in-women
#14
Tracey Keteepe-Arachi, Sanjay Sharma
Ischaemic stroke is rare in premenopausal women but risk increases with advancing age and doubles in the ten years following the menopause. Up to the age of 75 years men have a 25% higher risk of suffering a stroke compared with women. However, the increased life expectancy of women ultimately results in a higher overall incidence. Twice as many women die from stroke compare with breast cancer. Women with cerebrovascular disease are more likely to present with atypical symptoms than men. Altered mental status (including unresponsiveness, confusion and behavioural change) is the most common nonconventional symptom, and is reported by 23% of women compared with 15% of men...
March 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139154/principal-component-analysis-of-three-dimensional-face-shape-identifying-shape-features-that-change-with-age
#15
M Kurosumi, K Mizukoshi
BACKGROUND: The types of shape feature that constitutes a face have not been comprehensively established, and most previous studies of age-related changes in facial shape have focused on individual characteristics, such as wrinkle, sagging skin, etc. In this study, we quantitatively measured differences in face shape between individuals and investigated how shape features changed with age. METHODS: We analyzed three-dimensionally the faces of 280 Japanese women aged 20-69 years and used principal component analysis to establish the shape features that characterized individual differences...
November 15, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138650/evaluation-of-antibiotic-self-medication-among-outpatients-of-the-state-university-hospital-of-port-au-prince-haiti-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kenny Moise, Joseph Junior Bernard, Jean Hugues Henrys
In Haiti, where all drugs are available over the counter, self-medication with antibiotics appears as a common practice. Inappropriate use of beta-lactams and macrolides is likely to contribute to the development of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to (i) assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics, (ii) explore the contributing factors (age, gender and educational background) and (iii) identify specific antibiotic drug classes used among patients attending the outpatient clinic of the State University Hospital of Port-au-Prince...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138059/pityrosporum-folliculitis-a-retrospective-review-of-110-cases
#17
Brea Prindaville, Leah Belazarian, Nikki A Levin, Karen Wiss
BACKGROUND: Pityrosporum folliculitis is an under-recognized eruption of the face and upper trunk that may be confused with, or occur simultaneously with, acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize risk factors for Pityrosporum folliculitis, its clinical presentation, and response to treatment. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients aged 0 to 21 years seen from 2010-2015 with Pityrosporum folliculitis confirmed by potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137187/clinical-usefulness-of-the-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-angiosarcoma-of-the-face-and-scalp
#18
Gen Suzuki, Hideya Yamazaki, Norihiro Aibe, Koji Masui, Naomi Sasaki, Daisuke Shimizu, Takuya Kimoto, Jun Asai, Makoto Wada, Satoshi Komori, Norito Katoh, Kei Yamada
Angiosarcoma of the face and scalp (ASFS) is an extremely aggressive tumor that frequently metastasizes, often leading to death. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) are inflammatory markers that predict outcome of various cancers. We aimed to examine the relationship between pretreatment inflammatory markers and ASFS outcome. We included 17 patients with ASFS and a control group of 56 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137076/test-retest-reliability-of-the-mandarin-versions-of-the-hypertension-self-care-profile-instrument
#19
Soh Heng Agnes Ngoh, Hazel Wai Ling Lim, Yi Ling Eileen Koh, Ngiap Chuan Tan
Self-efficacy in essential hypertension can be measured using scales, such as the "Hypertension Self-Care Profile" (HTN-SCP) questionnaire. It assesses "Behavior", "Motivation", and "Self-efficacy" in 3 domains, respectively. This study aimed to validate the Mandarin version of HTN-SCP instrument (HTN-SCP-Mn) targeted at patients of Chinese ethnicity with hypertension.Our study recruited Chinese patients, aged 40 years and older, with essential hypertension from a public primary healthcare clinic in Singapore...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136414/quantitative-respirator-fit-face-sizes-and-determinants-of-fit-in-south-african-diagnostic-laboratory-respirator-users
#20
Jeanneth Manganyi, Kerry S Wilson, David Rees
Objectives: Respirators are widely used in health care settings but there is scant information on adequacy of fit and its determinants, particularly in resource-constrained settings. The aim of the study is to describe the proportion of South African diagnostic laboratory respirator users with adequate quantitative respirator fit while wearing their currently selected respirators which were generally supplied without regard to face size, and to identify determinants of fit test pass and fail...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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