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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535291/invited-commentary-continuing-to-loosen-the-constraints-on-epidemiology-in-an-age-of-change-a-comment-on-mcmichael-s-prisoners-of-the-proximate
#2
Sandro Galea
Published in 1999, McMichael's "Prisoners of the Proximate: Loosening the Constraints on Epidemiology in an Age of Change" (Am J Epidemiol. 1999;149(10):887-897) outlined an exciting vision for epidemiology as the field that that can help us better understand the drivers of population health so that we may intervene, paving the way for healthier populations. McMichael's paper remains today what it was when it was first published: clear, thoughtful, provocative, and usefully prescriptive in its call to action...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534768/personalized-age-progression-with-bi-level-aging-dictionary-learning
#3
Xiangbo Shu, Jinhui Tang, Zechao Li, Hanjiang Lai, Liyan Zhang, Shuicheng Yan
Age progression is defined as aesthetically re-rendering the aging face at any future age for an individual face. In this work, we aim to automatically render aging faces in a personalized way. Basically, for each age group, we learn an aging dictionary to reveal its aging characteristics (e.g., wrinkles), where the dictionary bases corresponding to the same index yet from two neighboring aging dictionaries form a particular aging pattern cross these two age groups, and a linear combination of all these patterns expresses a particular personalized aging process...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#4
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534001/frequency-of-acute-hepatitis-following-acute-paraphenylene-diamine-intoxication
#5
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Sadaf Shafiq, Ali Imran, Qazi Masroor Ali, Raheel Khan, Hassan Tariq, Daniyal Ishtiaq
INTRODUCTION: Paraphenylene diamine (PPD) ingestion is manifesting as one of the more common ways of committing suicide in Southern Punjab, Pakistan, especially Bahawalpur. PPD is an ingredient of a compound commonly known "Kala Pathar" which means "Black Stone" in Urdu. It is readily available in the market at low cost and is used to dye hair and fur. Its intoxication inhibits cellular oxidation and affects the muscles causing rhabdomyolysis. This leads to myoglobinuria followed by renal failure and edema of face and throat resulting in respiratory difficulty...
April 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533951/face-recognition-is-similarly-affected-by-viewpoint-in-school-aged-children-and-adults
#6
Marisa Nordt, Sarah Weigelt
There is an ongoing debate on the question when face processing abilities mature. One aspect that has been part of this debate is the ability to recognize faces in and across different viewpoints. Here, we tested 128 participants consisting of school-age children (ages, 5-10 years) and adults (ages, 19-37 years) in two experiments to investigate the effects of different viewpoints (including front, three-quarter, profile view) on face recognition during development. Furthermore, we compared recognition performance for faces to that of another object category (cars)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532430/a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-the-risk-of-stroke-in-relation-to-a-priori-health-knowledge-level-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-taiwan
#7
Yun-Ju Lai, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Po-Wen Ku, Yung-Feng Yen, Dachen Chu
BACKGROUND: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532361/electrical-stimulation-of-the-retina-to-produce-artificial-vision
#8
James D Weiland, Steven T Walston, Mark S Humayun
Retinal prostheses aim to restore vision to blind individuals suffering from retinal diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration. These devices function by electrically stimulating surviving retinal neurons, whose activation is interpreted by the brain as a visual percept. Many prostheses are currently under development. They are categorized as epiretinal, subretinal, and suprachoroidal prostheses on the basis of the placement of the stimulating microelectrode array. Each can activate ganglion cells through direct or indirect stimulation...
October 14, 2016: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532283/the-feasibility-of-an-automated-eye-tracking-modified-fagan-test-of-memory-for-human-faces-in-younger-ugandan-hiv-exposed-children
#9
Ronak Chhaya, Jonathan Weiss, Victoria Seffren, Alla Sikorskii, Paula M Winke, Julius C Ojuka, Michael J Boivin
OBJECTIVE: The Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) uses longer gaze length for unfamiliar versus familiar human faces to gauge visual-spatial encoding, attention, and working memory in infants. Our objective was to establish the feasibility of automated eye tracking with the FTII in HIV-exposed Ugandan infants. METHOD: The FTII was administered to 31 perinatally HIV-exposed noninfected (HEU) Ugandan children 6-12 months of age (11 boys; M = 0.69 years, SD = 0...
May 22, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532135/anthropometric-analysis-of-cephalofacial-dimensions-in-kerman-iran
#10
Fatemeh Pouya, Seyed Hassan Eftekhar-Vaghefi, Parvin Salehinejad
The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531872/the-relative-effectiveness-of-extinction-and-counter-conditioning-in-diminishing-children-s-fear
#11
Carol Newall, Tiffany Watson, Kerry-Ann Grant, Rick Richardson
Two behavioural strategies for reducing learned fear are extinction and counter-conditioning, and in this study we compared the relative effectiveness of the two procedures at diminishing fear in children. Seventy-three children aged 7-12 years old (M = 9.30, SD = 1.62) were exposed to pictures of two novel animals on a computer screen during the fear acquisition phase. One of these animals was paired with a picture of a scared human face (CS+) while the other was not (CS-). The children were then randomly assigned to one of three conditions: counter-conditioning (animal paired with a happy face), extinction (animal without scared face), or control (no fear reduction procedure)...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531281/standard-vs-intensified-management-of-heart-failure-to-reduce-healthcare-costs-results-of-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
P A Scuffham, J Ball, J D Horowitz, C Wong, P J Newton, P Macdonald, J McVeigh, A Rischbieth, N Emanuele, M J Carrington, C M Reid, Y K Chan, S Stewart
Aims: To determine if an intensified form of heart failure management programme (INT-HF-MP) based on individual profiling is superior to standard management (SM) in reducing health care costs during 12-month follow-up (primary endpoint). Methods and results: A multicentre randomized trial involving 787 patients (full analysis set) discharged from four tertiary hospitals with chronic HF who were randomized to SM (n = 391) or INT-HF-MP (n = 396). Mean age was 74 ± 12 years, 65% had HF with a reduced ejection fraction (31...
May 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530436/chinese-preschoolers-resource-allocation-in-the-face-of-existing-inequality-under-collaborative-and-noncollaborative-contexts
#13
Qiao Chai, Jie He
The current study investigated the stage at which Chinese preschoolers started considering recipients' material welfare and minimizing existing inequalities under both noncollaborative and collaborative contexts. Also, it analyzed how they behaved when recipients' material welfare was in conflict with merit or equality rule. Experiment 1 found that 4-year-old children allocated resources to the poor rather than the rich character only under the noncollaborative context but not under the collaborative context, in which they had observed these 2 characters working together to finish a task...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530322/-oro-dento-facial-manifestations-in-patients-with-familial-dysautonomia
#14
REVIEW
Eliyahu Mass
The oro-dento-facial features and dysfunctions of children with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type III (HSAN III), known as familial dysautonomia (FD) or Riley-Day syndrome, were first described in the scientific literature in 1949. They include: dental trauma, dental and soft tissue selfmutilation, normal dental age, normal sequence and timing of eruption and exfoliation of teeth, smaller tooth size, different and disproportional tooth components, normal alveolar bone height, small jaws, mild crowding and malocclusion...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530123/-we-are-a-team-couple-identity-and-memory-loss
#15
Elise Hernandez, Beth Spencer, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Alexandra Faber, Allison Ewert
Couplehood can be an important source of resilience in the face of memory loss, but couple identity has only recently been explored and has rarely been measured. This paper examines older spouses' descriptions of their couple identity and discusses salient themes. Data come from 19 couples from the Couples Life Story Project, a life review intervention where one partner has memory loss. Using baseline data, we analyzed how partners depicted their couple identity using a series of separate and overlapping circles...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530053/-alopecia-areata
#16
REVIEW
Yaron Zafrir, Sharon Baum, Shoshi Greenberger, Anna Lyakhovitsky, Aviv Barzilai
Alopecia areata (AA) is an organ specific autoimmune disease. Similar to other autoimmune diseases, its pathogenesis is believed to be an interaction of genetic, environmental and immune factors. Studies have shown that autoreactive lymphocytes affect anagen hair follicles leading to subsequent shedding of hairs and alopecia. Clinically, the disease is characterized by sudden nonscarring hair loss that usually involves the scalp, but may also affect the face and other body areas, and indeed the entire body hair...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#17
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529138/public-preventive-awareness-and-preventive-behaviors-during-a-major-influenza-epidemic-in-fukui-japan
#18
Shintoku Takahashi, Kazuhiro Sato, Yukinori Kusaka, Akihito Hagihara
BACKGROUND: As an influenza epidemic poses a serious public health threat, it is important for the public to adopt behaviors that effectively prevent influenza infection. METHODS: In the winter of 2009, by using a structured questionnaire, we conducted an Internet survey with respect to residents (n=2788) in Fukui prefecture, Japan. The main aim is to obtain information about effective prevention, factors related to preventive awareness and behaviors during the influenza epidemic...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528899/effect-of-professional-society-recommendations-on-women-s-desire-for-a-routine-pelvic-examination
#19
George F Sawaya, Karen K Smith-McCune, Steven E Gregorich, Michelle Moghadassi, Miriam Kuppermann
BACKGROUND: The American College of Physicians strongly recommends against performing pelvic examinations in asymptomatic, nonpregnant women, citing evidence of harm (false-positive testing, unnecessary surgery) and no evidence of benefit. In contrast, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women beginning at age 21 years, citing expert opinion. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate if providing women with professional societies' conflicting statements about pelvic examinations (recommendations and rationales) would influence their desire for a routine examination...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528596/face-and-object-perception-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-versus-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-mooney-faces-task
#20
Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception. This study compared the nature and extent of perceptual anomalies in BDD versus OCD and health controls (HC), using a modified Mooney task...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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