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Classification of fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#1
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908536/the-sensitivity-and-negative-predictive-value-of-a-pediatric-cervical-spine-clearance-algorithm-that-minimizes-computerized-tomography
#2
Mary Arbuthnot, David P Mooney
BACKGROUND: It is crucial to identify cervical spine injuries while minimizing ionizing radiation. This study analyzes the sensitivity and negative predictive value of a pediatric cervical spine clearance algorithm. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all children <21years old who were admitted following blunt trauma and underwent cervical spine clearance utilizing our institution's cervical spine clearance algorithm over a 10-year period. Age, gender, International Classification of Diseases 9th Edition diagnosis codes, presence or absence of cervical collar on arrival, Injury Severity Score, and type of cervical spine imaging obtained were extracted from the trauma registry and electronic medical record...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906770/the-effect-of-two-factors-on-interobserver-reliability-for-proximal-humeral-fractures
#3
Jos J Mellema, Michael T Kuntz, Thierry G Guitton, David Ring
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess whether training observers and simplifying proximal humeral fracture classifications improve interobserver reliability among a large number of orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: One hundred eighty-five observers were randomized to receive training or no training in a simple classification for proximal humeral fractures before evaluating preoperative radiographs of a consecutive series of 30 patients who were treated with open reduction and internal fixation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904220/pfna-ii-protrusion-over-the-greater-trochanter-in-the-asian-population-used-in-proximal-femoral-fractures
#4
Sun-Jun Hu, Shi-Min Chang, Zhuo Ma, Shou-Chao Du, Liang-Ping Xiong, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of proximal femoral fractures in geriatric osteoporotic patients continues to be a challenge in orthopaedic trauma. Various kinds of cephalomedullary nails, such as gamma nail, InterTan and PFNA were used clinically. The latest generation PFNA II, specially designed for Asian population, is commonly used for geriatric per-/intertrochanteric fractures. The aim of this study was to determine whether the current PFNA-II proximal segment length is suitable for the greater trochanter height, as assessed by postoperative radiograph measurements...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904212/functional-outcome-after-primary-hemiarthroplasty-in-three-or-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-short-term-followup
#5
Saurabh Agarwal, Ashish Rana, Rajeev K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Several modalities of treatment are being used for the management of proximal humerus fractures. Primary hemiarthroplasty in proximal humerus fracture is indicated in three or four part fracture or fracture dislocations. It is also indicated if fracture involves a large area of articular cartilage loss and viability of head is doubtful. We studied the functional outcome of hemiarthroplasty in comminuted proximal humerus fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 patients of three or four part proximal humerus fractures, (according to Neer's classification) who underwent primary shoulder hemiarthroplasty were included in this retrospective study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903406/morphology-of-the-posteromedial-fragment-in-pertrochanteric-fractures-a-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-analysis
#6
Gaurav Sharma, Kiran Kumar Gn, Kavin Khatri, Ravijot Singh, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Vijay Sharma
BACKGROUND: In this study we describe the morphology of the posteromedial fragment in pertrochanteric fractures using 3D CT scans and answer two questions 1) Do differences exist between the 3D CT appearances of posteromedial fragments and the depictions made in the AO classification 2) Does the posteromedial fragment affect stability in pertrochanteric fractures, in terms of fracture collapse? METHODS: Preoperative CT scans of eight 31-A1 and fifty 31-A2 fractures were analysed...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900703/the-treatment-of-distal-third-humeral-diaphyseal-fractures-is-there-still-a-place-for-the-external-fixation
#7
N Tartaglia, G Vicenti, M Carrozzo, A Abate, F Rifino, G Picca, G Solarino, B Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The treatment for humeral diaphyseal fractures is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of treating humeral distal third diaphyseal fractures by using external fixation technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively review 65 cases of diaphyseal humeral fractures (31 type A, 23 type B and 11 type C of the AO/OTA classification) treated with external fixation (Orthofix FAD small) between 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900307/arthroscopic-fixation-of-coronoid-process-fractures-through-coronoid-tunnelling-and-capsular-plication
#8
Paolo Arrigoni, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Davide Cucchi, Simone Nicoletti, Enrico Guerra
PURPOSE: the purpose of this study is to describe a new arthroscopic technique for reduction and fixation of coronoid process fractures (CPFs) and report clinical and functional results in 4 patients after a 24-month follow-up. METHODS: four patients underwent arthroscopic reduction and fixation of isolated CPFs (acute or non-unions, type I or type II according to the Regan-Morrey classification) performed using a new technique based on coronoid tunnelling and capsular plication...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898626/dental-trauma-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-referral-center
#9
Emily Hall, Patricia Hickey, Thuy Nguyen-Tran, Jeff Louie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe dental and associated oral injuries in a pediatric population that presents to an emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 2007 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 19 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for any dental or oral injury. Data abstraction included demographics, time of day of presentation, location and identification of tooth (s) injured, management, and disposition...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891547/severe-pelvic-injury-vascular-lesions-detected-by-ante-and-post-mortem-contrast-medium-enhanced-ct-and-associations-with-pelvic-fractures
#10
Mahmoud Hussami, Silke Grabherr, Reto A Meuli, Sabine Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare arterial and venous contrast medium extravasation in severe pelvic injury detected by ante- and post-mortem multi-detector CT (MDCT) and determine whether vascular injury is associated with certain types of pelvic fracture. METHODS: We retrospectively included two different cohorts of blunt pelvic trauma with contrast medium extravasation shown by MDCT. The first group comprised 49 polytrauma patients; the second included 45 dead bodies undergoing multi-phase post-mortem CT-angiography (MPMCTA)...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891409/distal-femur-locking-plate-the-answer-to-all-distal-femoral-fractures
#11
Jagandeep Singh Virk, Sudhir Kumar Garg, Parmanand Gupta, Vivek Jangira, Jagdeep Singh, Sudhir Rana
INTRODUCTION: Good results have been published by researchers with distal femur nail, dynamic condylar screw and even addition of a medial plate to a distal femur locking plate for treating distal femur fractures. By this study, we explore the capability of a distal femur locking plate to counter distal femur fractures of extra- articular, partial or intra- articular nature. Positive results have been published by various groups from all over the world. AIM: To study the functional and radiological outcome of distal femoral fractures in skeletally mature patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation with distal femur locking plate...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890690/successful-outcome-with-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-for-periprosthetic-tibial-fracture-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Hee-June Kim, Ki-Chul Park, Joon-Woo Kim, Chang-Wug Oh, Hee-Soo Kyung, Jong-Keon Oh, Kyeong-Hyeon Park, Seong-Dae Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of periprosthetic fracture after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing, and treatment is becoming more necessary. In periprosthetic tibial fracture, the stem of the tibial component largely occupies the medullary canal of the proximal tibia, which limits the selection of implants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique with locking plates for periprosthetic tibial fractures after TKA...
November 24, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890220/-complications-of-volar-locking-plates-used-to-treat-distal-radius-fractures
#13
G Herzberg, A Marc, M Burnier
About 10 years after volar locking plates were introduced to treat acute distal radius fractures, several papers have reported short-term complications. The aim of this paper was to report our complication rate over a 2-year period and to compare it to the literature. We found similar complication rates despite different classification systems. Because of the prospective nature of our study, we were able to demonstrate that extra-articular and/or intra-articular scores exceeding 8 points on a 12-points scale were statistically associated with more complications, irrespective of the patient's overall health and age...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890215/-incidence-of-distal-ulna-fractures-associated-with-distal-radius-fractures-treatment-options
#14
G Herzberg, T Castel
Fractures of the neck and/or head of the ulna or distal ulna fracture (DUF) other than ulnar styloid fractures can occur in combination with distal radius fractures (DRF). This combination can have a significant influence on the treatment and prognosis since it causes the entire distal forearm to be unstable. In a series of 1279 consecutive unilateral DRFs, we found an associated ulnar neck fracture in 5.9% of cases, ulnar head and neck fracture in 1.6%, and isolated ulnar head fracture in 1.4%. Overall, 9% of cases in this study had a DUF with a DRF...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890214/-pathology-of-the-triangular-fibrocartilaginous-complex-in-distal-radius-fractures
#15
D Fontès
Distal radius fracture is actually quite rarely isolated and triangular fibrocartilaginous complex (TFCC) is often involved with the same mechanism of injury. A contemporary management of the treatment of the initial fracture is ideal and so benefits from a routine arthroscopic management. Nevertheless, in the absence of diagnosis and therefore early treatment, the symptoms may be located at the ulnar crossroads and justify specific treatment of TFCC. It is generally conducted after an accurate arthroscopic lesion classification guiding a procedure, depending on the lesion vascularization as well as its possible destabilization potential (debridement, capsular suture or foveal reattachment)...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890209/-patient-accident-fracture-paf-classification-of-distal-radius-fractures
#16
M Burnier, G Herzberg, Y Izem
Despite the huge amount of literature devoted to acute distal radius fractures, there is currently no consensus as to treatment recommendations. There is no universally accepted anatomical classification other than the three main categories of the AO classification. The authors believe that the only way to improve this field is to stratify the patients according to their general health and functional needs. They propose a new classification system that they have used since 2009 and demonstrate its therapeutic, epidemiological and teaching values...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890207/-the-meu-classification-system-for-distal-radius-fractures-prognostic-and-therapeutic-value-of-an-independent-assessment-of-various-fracture-parameters
#17
J Laulan, E Marteau, G Bacle
Distal radius fractures (DRF) are often complex injuries that can impact the radial metaphysis (M), the radial epiphysis (E) and the distal ulna (U). Each of these parameters can influence the outcome. In a given injury, these three DRF components are involved to a varying degree and are variably associated. The MEU classification independently analyzes the three main bone components of the fracture; thus, all possible combinations and each specific injury can be described. It accurately depicts the type and severity of the DRF...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890206/-distal-radius-fractures-which-classification-is-the-right-one
#18
L Obert, D Lepage, R Saadnia, F Mille, P-B Rey, F Loisel
None of the classification systems for distal radius fractures is ideal. However a validated system to analyze these fractures is available that is based on the "metaphysis, epiphysis, ulna" (MEU) classification and the "patient, accident, fracture" (PAF) system. It makes it possible to understand the injury and select the best treatment.
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890197/-treatment-of-partial-articular-fractures-of-the-distal-radius-in-active-young-adults
#19
C Camps, A Durand, M Merle
The wrist's function is at stake in young active adults with partial intra-articular fractures of the distal radius. The high energy nature of these injuries, displaced fractures with risk of malunion in case of insufficient treatment, and associated ligament or cartilage damage all hinder the prognosis of these fractures. Many classification systems exist to help us analyze and in some cases, select a treatment. Optimal management requires a high-quality preoperative assessment and a precise surgical technique coupled with the use of arthroscopy to deal with joint and ligament injuries in the same operation...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889406/is-surgeons-experience-important-on-intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-of-classifications-used-for-adult-femoral-neck-fracture
#20
Ali Turgut, Mert Kumbaracı, Önder Kalenderer, Gökhan İlyas, Tayfun Bacaksız, Levent Karapınar
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether surgeons' experience affect inter- and intra-observer reliability among mostly used classification systems for femoral neck fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A power point presentation was prepared with 107 slides which were antero-posterior radiographs of each femoral neck fracture. Five residents, 5 orthopaedic surgeons and 5 senior orthopaedic surgeons reviewed this presentation and classified the fractures according to Garden, Pauwels and AO classifications...
November 23, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
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