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Romantic attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529444/childbirth-pain-attachment-orientations-and-romantic-partner-support-during-labor-and-delivery
#1
Carol L Wilson, Jeffry A Simpson
Attachment anxiety is associated with greater perceived physical pain, whereas social support is associated with lower pain perceptions. Few studies, however, have examined the joint effects of attachment and support on acute physical pain in a dyadic context. In this study, first-time expectant mothers (N=140) and their male partners completed romantic attachment measures (prenatally) and postnatal assessments of women's pain and men's emotional support during labor and delivery. More securely attached women benefited from emotional support in terms of reduced pain, more avoidantly attached women reported greater pain when given more support, and more anxiously attached women reported greater pain, regardless of their partner's support...
December 2016: Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#2
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#3
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#4
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504323/the-systemic-interaction-of-attachment-on-psychophysiological-arousal-in-couple-conflict
#5
Nathan C Taylor, Ryan B Seedall, W David Robinson, Kay Bradford
Attachment in adult romantic relationships has long been linked to conflict styles. Psychophysiological measures have provided additional insight into this association by accessing less conscious and controlled responses to conflict. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the interaction between attachment styles on skin conductance responses during conflict and recovery from conflict. Using dyadic analysis of 50 heterosexual couples, we found evidence of a systemic effect of attachment, where psychophysiological arousal increased when one partner had higher levels of attachment anxiety and the other partner had higher levels of attachment avoidance...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447814/undetected-scars-self-criticism-attachment-and-romantic-relationships-among-otherwise-well-functioning-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors
#6
Dana Lassri, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently demonstrated the negative impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on intimate relationships. The majority of studies have focused on revictimization in at-risk or clinical samples, with very few addressing the impact of CSA on otherwise well-functioning adults and even fewer investigating the psychological mechanisms involved. To fill this gap, this study focuses on the effect of CSA on "normative" (nonviolent) romantic relationships in otherwise well-functioning young women, and the mediating role of personality dimension self-criticism and attachment in this regard...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440709/the-relationship-between-attachment-style-and-placement-of-parents-in-adults-attachment-networks-over-time
#7
F S Julal, K B Carnelley, A Rowe
Using a bull's-eye hierarchical mapping technique (HMT), the present study examined placement of parents in adults' attachment networks over time. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict distance at which network members (mother, father, and romantic partner) would be placed from the core-self over time. Participants completed the HMT on two occasions, 12 months apart. Concurrently and over time, fathers were placed further from the core-self than mothers. Attachment style explained unique variance, beyond that accounted for by individual and relationship characteristics...
April 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#8
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407150/dissociable-patterns-of-brain-activity-for-mentalizing-about-known-others-a-role-for-attachment
#9
Anne C Laurita, Cindy Hazan, R Nathan Spreng
The human brain tracks dynamic changes within the social environment, forming and updating representations of individuals in our social milieu. This mechanism of social navigation builds an increasingly complex map of persons with whom we are familiar and form attachments to guide adaptive social behaviors. We examined the neural representation of known others along a continuum of attachment using fMRI. Heterosexual adults (N = 29, 16 females), in romantic relationships for more than two years, made trait judgments for a romantic partner, parent, close friend, familiar acquaintance, and self during scanning...
April 12, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401830/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-insecure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-adulthood-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-high-risk-sample
#10
K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, Elizabeth A Carlson, Glenn I Roisman
The present report used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation to investigate the factor structure and childhood abuse and/or neglect related antecedents of adults' attachment states of mind in a high-risk sample. Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) were collected when participants were age 26 years (N = 164) and Current Relationship Interviews (CRIs) were collected from participants (N = 116) and their romantic partners when target participants were between ages 20 and 28 years (M = 25...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#11
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381923/addicted-to-love-what-is-love-addiction-and-when-should-it-be-treated
#12
Brian D Earp, Olga A Wudarczyk, Bennett Foddy, Julian Savulescu
Recent research suggests that romantic love can be literally addictive. Although the exact nature of the relationship between love and addiction has been described in inconsistent terms throughout the literature, we offer a framework that distinguishes between a narrow view and a broad view of love addiction. The narrow view counts only the most extreme, harmful forms of love or love-related behaviors as being potentially addictive in nature. The broad view, by contrast, counts even basic social attachment as being on a spectrum of addictive motivations, underwritten by similar neurochemical processes as more conventional addictions...
March 2017: Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology: PPP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358534/adolescent-support-seeking-as-a-path-to-adult-functional-independence
#13
David E Szwedo, Elenda T Hessel, Emily L Loeb, Christopher A Hafen, Joseph P Allen
The potential importance of depending on others during adolescence to establish independence in young adulthood was examined across adolescence to emerging adulthood. Participants included 184 teens (46% male; 42% non-White), their mothers, best friends, and romantic partners, assessed at ages 13-14, 18, 21-22, and 25. Path analyses showed that associations were both partner and age specific: markers of independence were predicted by participants' efforts to seek support from mothers at age 13, best friends at 18, and romantic partners at 21...
March 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350265/persistent-complications-of-child-sexual-abuse-sexually-compulsive-behaviors-attachment-and-emotions
#14
Dixie Meyer, Aaron Cohn, Brittany Robinson, Fatima Muse, Rachel Hughes
Child sexual abuse has the potential to cause distress for the victim across the lifespan. Romantic relationships may be particularly difficult for victims of child sexual abuse. This retrospective study examined differences in adult romantic attachment, sexually compulsive behaviors, and emotion regulation by history of child sexual abuse in a large, nonclinical sample. Those with a history of child sexual abuse reported more attachment anxiety in romantic relationships and engaged in more sexually compulsive behaviors...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338882/tribal-love-the-neural-correlates-of-passionate-engagement-in-football-fans
#15
Isabel C Duarte, Sónia Afonso, Helena Jorge, Ricardo Cayolla, Carlos Ferreira, Miguel Castelo-Branco
The tribal character of the affective link between football fans and their teams is a well-recognized phenomenon. Other forms of love such as romantic or maternal attachment have previously been studied from a neuroimaging point of view. Here we aimed to investigate the neural basis of this tribal form of love, which implies both the feeling of belongingness and rivalry against opposing teams. A pool of 56 participants was submitted to an fMRI experimental design involving the presentation of winning and losing football moments of their loved, rival or neutral teams...
February 23, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213745/perceptions-of-parent-child-attachment-relationships-and-friendship-qualities-predictors-of-romantic-relationship-involvement-and-quality-in-adolescence
#16
Logan B Kochendorfer, Kathryn A Kerns
Relationships with parents and friends are important contexts for developing romantic relationship skills. Parents and friends may influence both the timing of involvement and the quality of romantic relationships. Three models of the joint influence of parents and friends (direct effects model, mediation model, and moderator model) have been proposed. The present study uses data from a longitudinal study (n = 1012; 49.8% female; 81.1% Caucasian) to examine how attachment and friendship quality at age 10 years predict romantic relationship involvement and quality at ages 12 and 15 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182282/antenatal-determinants-of-parental-attachment-and-parenting-alliance-how-do-mothers-and-fathers-differ
#17
Rita Luz, Astrid George, Rachel Vieux, Elisabeth Spitz
Parental (parent-to-infant) attachment and parenting alliance are defined as two important components of psychoaffective adjustment to the parental role. This study aimed to build a predictive model of parental attachment and parenting alliance for mothers and fathers using partial least squares-structural equation modeling. Specifically, we were interested in assessing how adult romantic attachment, marital quality, and psychological distress influenced parental attachment (parent-to-infant) and parenting alliance...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181992/women-prefer-men-who-use-metaphorical-language-when-paying-compliments-in-a-romantic-context
#18
Zhao Gao, Shan Gao, Lei Xu, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Xiaole Ma, Lizhu Luo, Keith M Kendrick
Language plays an important role in romantic attachment. However, it is unclear whether the structure and topic of language use might influence potential mate choice. We investigated 124 female students' preference for compliments paid by males incorporating either literal or metaphoric (conventional/novel) language and targeting their appearance or possessions (house) throughout their menstrual cycle. Male faces paired with novel metaphorical compliments were rated as more attractive by women than those paired with literal ones...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173184/parents-romantic-attachment-predicts-family-ritual-meaning-and-family-cohesion-among-parents-and-their-children-with-cancer
#19
Susana Santos, Carla Crespo, M Cristina Canavarro, Anne E Kazak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154474/long-term-predictions-from-early-adolescent-attachment-state-of-mind-to-romantic-relationship-behaviors
#20
Joseph S Tan, Elenda T Hessel, Emily L Loeb, Megan M Schad, Joseph P Allen, Joanna M Chango
Attachment state of mind was investigated as a long-term predictor of romantic relationship competence. A secure early adolescent attachment state of mind was hypothesized to predict more constructive dyadic behaviors during conflict discussions and support seeking interactions in late adolescence and early adulthood. Utilizing multi-method data from a community sample of 184 individuals, followed from ages 14 to 21, adolescents with a secure attachment state of mind at age 14 were found to be in relationships that displayed more constructive dyadic conflict discussion behaviors and dyadic supportive behaviors at both ages 18 and 21...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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