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Romantic attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#1
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029169/the-past-is-present-representations-of-parents-friends-and-romantic-partners-predict-subsequent-romantic-representations
#2
Wyndol Furman, Charlene Collibee
This study examined how representations of parent-child relationships, friendships, and past romantic relationships are related to subsequent romantic representations. Two-hundred 10th graders (100 female; Mage  = 15.87 years) from diverse neighborhoods in a Western U.S. city were administered questionnaires and were interviewed to assess avoidant and anxious representations of their relationships with parents, friends, and romantic partners. Participants then completed similar questionnaires and interviews about their romantic representations six more times over the next 7...
December 28, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004962/failing-the-duck-test-reply-to-barbaro-boutwell-barnes-and-shackelford-2017
#3
Marije L Verhage, Carlo Schuengel, R M Pasco Fearon, Sheri Madigan, Mirjam Oosterman, Rosalinda Cassibba, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
In this reply, we respond to the critique by Barbaro, Boutwell, Barnes, and Shackelford (2017) in regard to our recent meta-analysis of intergenerational transmission of attachment (Verhage et al., 2016). Barbaro et al. (2017) claim that the influence of shared environment on attachment decreases with age, whereas unique environmental and genetic influences increase, which they felt was disregarded in our meta-analysis. Their criticisms, we argue, are based on a misunderstanding of the core tenets of attachment theory...
January 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002619/social-anhedonia-and-romantic-relationship-processes
#4
Lily Assaad, Edward P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: Social anhedonia is a deficiency in the capacity to experience pleasure from social interactions. This study examined the implications of social anhedonia for romantic relationship functioning, including the association of social anhedonia with sentiments towards romantic partners that are central to relationship functioning (satisfaction, commitment, regard for the partner, and care for the partner's welfare) and analogous perceptions of the partner's sentiments. METHODS: Data were collected from 281 participants who were involved in romantic relationships...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936840/social-disadvantage-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-study-of-social-networks
#5
Joseph E Beeney, Michael N Hallquist, Allan D Clifton, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Examining differences in social integration, social support, and relationship characteristics in social networks may be critical for understanding the character and costs of the social difficulties experienced of borderline personality disorder (BPD). We conducted an ego-based (self-reported, individual) social network analysis of 142 participants recruited from clinical and community sources. Each participant listed the 30 most significant people (called alters) in their social network, then rated each alter in terms of amount of contact, social support, attachment strength and negative interactions...
December 12, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935785/romantic-attachment-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-in-a-chilean-sample-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#6
Mnica Guzmn-Gonzlez, Marie-France Lafontaine, Christine Levesque
Despite evidence that adult attachment insecurity has been linked to the perpetration of physical intimate violence, the mechanisms underlying this link need further exploration. The goal of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between romantic attachment and the use of physical intimate partner violence. To this end, 611 students recruited from Chilean universities completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales...
October 2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853426/a-reaction-time-experiment-on-adult-attachment-the-development-of-a-measure-for-neurophysiological-settings
#7
Theresia Wichmann, Anna Buchheim, Hans Menning, Ingmar Schenk, Carol George, Dan Pokorny
In the last few decades, there has been an increase of experimental research on automatic unconscious processes concerning the evaluation of the self and others. Previous research investigated implicit aspects of romantic attachment using self-report measures as explicit instruments for assessing attachment style. There is a lack of experimental procedures feasible for neurobiological settings. We developed a reaction time (RT) experiment using a narrative attachment measure with an implicit nature and were interested to capture automatic processes, when the individuals' attachment system is activated...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842464/attachment-anxiety-and-avoidance-as-mediators-of-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-adult-personality-dysfunction
#8
Lisa J Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Thachell Tanis, Winter Halmi, Igor Galynker, Agnes Von Wyl, Michael P Hengartner
This paper tests the hypothesis that the association between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction is at least partially attributable to insecure attachment, that is that attachment style mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction. Associations between childhood trauma, as measured by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), anxious and avoidant attachment in romantic relationships, as measured by the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), and five personality domains, as measured by the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP-118), were examined in a sample of 72 psychiatric inpatients...
February 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768513/memories-of-parent-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#9
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739579/the-association-between-the-parent-child-relationship-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-the-roles-of-attachment-and-perceived-spouse-attachment-behaviors
#10
Angela B Bradford, Kayla L Burningham, Jonathan G Sandberg, Lee N Johnson
Research shows that the parent-child relationship affects attachment security, which correlates with anxiety and depression in adulthood. Additional research shows that romantic attachment behaviors may supersede individual attachment security and buffer against negative processes. Using data from 680 married couples in the general population, we examined whether attachment mediates the link between the parent-child relationship and depressive and anxiety symptoms in adulthood. In addition, we tested whether perceived spouse attachment behaviors moderate the effects of attachment insecurity...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718380/the-sense-of-relational-entitlement-among-adolescents-toward-their-parents-sreap-testing-an-adaptation-of-the-sre
#11
Rami Tolmacz, Yaniv Efrati, Boaz M Ben-David
The quality of the adolescent-parent relationship is closely related to the adolescent's sense of entitlement. Study 1 (458 central-Israel adolescents, 69% girls, ages: 11-16) developed the sense of relational entitlement among adolescents toward their parents (SREap, adapted from the original SRE on adults' romantic relationships) and provided initial validity evidence of its three-factor structure: exaggerated, restricted and assertive - replicating the SRE's factor structure. Studies 2-5 (1237 adolescents, 56% girls) examined the link between the SREap factors and relevant psychological measures...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711981/assessing-moderated-mediation-in-linear-models-requires-fewer-confounding-assumptions-than-assessing-mediation
#12
Tom Loeys, Wouter Talloen, Liesbet Goubert, Beatrijs Moerkerke, Stijn Vansteelandt
It is well known from the mediation analysis literature that the identification of direct and indirect effects relies on strong no unmeasured confounding assumptions of no unmeasured confounding. Even in randomized studies the mediator may still be correlated with unobserved prognostic variables that affect the outcome, in which case the mediator's role in the causal process may not be inferred without bias. In the behavioural and social science literature very little attention has been given so far to the causal assumptions required for moderated mediation analysis...
November 2016: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692482/corrigendum-to-identity-and-intimacy-during-adolescence-connections-among-identity-styles-romantic-attachment-and-identity-commitment-j-adolesc-35-2012-1427-1439
#13
Jennifer L Kerpelman, Joe F Pittman, Hans Saint-Eloi Cadely, Felicia J Tuggle, Marinda K Harrell-Levy, Francesca M Adler-Baeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624285/two-in-a-bed-the-influence-of-couple-sleeping-and-chronotypes-on-relationship-and-sleep-an-overview
#14
Kneginja Richter, Sophia Adam, Lennard Geiss, Lukas Peter, Guenter Niklewski
OBJECTIVE: To summarize research on couple sleeping with respect to gender-specific differences and chronotype. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: Millions of adults around the world share their beds with a partner. This may be an expression of intimacy and attachment and tends to intensify romantic relationships. Yet, couple sleeping still has underestimated implications for the quality of the relationship, quality of sleep and for physical and psychological health which are not consistently positive...
2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603938/perceived-benefits-and-costs-of-romantic-relationships-for-young-people-differences-by-adult-attachment-style
#15
Adelaida Monteoliva, J Miguel A García-Martínez, Antonia Calvo-Salguero
Bowlby's attachment theory suggested that the attachment experiences of early childhood influence adult approaches to close relationships. As a result of these experiences, the child develops typical mental schemas or internal working models. The aim of this study was to analyze how young people with different attachment styles perceive the benefits and costs involved in spending as much time as possible with their partner, and to determine whether their beliefs reflect the internal working models associated with their attachment style...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597725/self-compassion-as-a-mediator-between-attachment-anxiety-and-body-appreciation-an-exploratory-model
#16
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Sarah Piontkowski, Kayi Hui, Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer, Patton O Garriott
Body appreciation has been found to be linked to interpersonal and intrapersonal factors, with attachment styles and self-compassion separately identified as important correlates. The present study examined these variables together in a model, and we hypothesized that maternal attachment anxiety was related to peer and romantic attachment anxiety, which, in turn, was associated with self-compassion and body appreciation. Using structural equation modeling, this cross-sectional study with a sample of 1306 incoming first year college women found that the proposed model explained 40% of the variance in body appreciation...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579797/examining-parents-romantic-attachment-styles-and-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-as-predictors-of-caregiving-experiences
#17
Laura M River, Jessica L Borelli, S Katherine Nelson-Coffey
Evidence has suggested that parental romantic attachment style and depressive and anxiety symptoms are related to experiences of caregiving (Creswell, Apetroaia, Murray, & Cooper, 2013; Jones, Cassidy, & Shaver, 2014; Lovejoy, Graczyk, O'Hare, & Neuman, 2000), but more research is necessary to clarify the nature of these relations, particularly in the context of attachment-salient events such as reunions. In a cross-sectional study of 150 parents of children ages 1 to 3 years, we assessed participants' attachment styles (self-reported anxiety and avoidance) and depressive and anxiety symptoms...
September 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529751/regulation-of-romantic-love-feelings-preconceptions-strategies-and-feasibility
#18
Sandra J E Langeslag, Jan W van Strien
Love feelings can be more intense than desired (e.g., after a break-up) or less intense than desired (e.g., in long-term relationships). If only we could control our love feelings! We present the concept of explicit love regulation, which we define as the use of behavioral and cognitive strategies to change the intensity of current feelings of romantic love. We present the first two studies on preconceptions about, strategies for, and the feasibility of love regulation. Questionnaire responses showed that people perceive love feelings as somewhat uncontrollable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524361/romantic-attachment-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-in-a-chilean-sample-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#19
Mónica Guzmán-González, Marie-France Lafontaine, Christine Levesque
Despite evidence that adult attachment insecurity has been linked to the perpetration of physical intimate violence, the mechanisms underlying this link need further exploration. The goal of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between romantic attachment and the use of physical intimate partner violence. To this end, 611 students recruited from Chilean universities completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales...
2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458063/cortisol-coregulation-in-fish
#20
Ines Fürtbauer, Michael Heistermann
Cortisol coregulation, which is the up- or down-regulation of partners' physiological stress responses, has been described for individuals with strong attachment bonds, e.g. parents and their children, and romantic relationship partners. Research into moderating effects on cortisol coregulation suggests stronger covariation among distressed partners. Whether cortisol coregulation is unique to humans or can also be found in other species that share universal features of the vertebrate stress response remains unexplored...
2016: Scientific Reports
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