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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813299/stress-and-wellbeing-during-chronic-illness-and-partner-death-in-later-life-the-role-of-social-support
#1
REVIEW
Gery C Karantzas, Omri Gillath
Chronic illness and the death of a romantic partner are two of the most significant stressors reported by older adults, resulting in various physical and mental health consequences. Evidence suggests that social support is a key factor in understanding the association between chronic illness and widowhood and the wellbeing of older adults. Nevertheless, research into social support is often approached in an atheoretical manner when investigating these stressors in older adulthood. We attempt to address this theoretical chasm by proposing an integrative model to explain social support processes in older couples which draws on models of social support and attachment theory...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813296/couple-conflict-insights-from-an-attachment-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Judith A Feeney, Gery C Karantzas
The experience of conflict is often cited as a highly stressful relational phenomenon by romantic couples, and can have negative implications for relationship satisfaction and for the longevity of romantic relationships. In this paper, we review extant research on couple conflict in romantic relationships from an attachment theory perspective. The research we review is underpinned by two central tenets: firstly, severe or persistent conflict activates the attachment system; secondly, responses to couple conflict involve complex attachment dynamics, shaped by partners' attachment anxiety and avoidance...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813289/the-transition-to-parenthood-impact-on-couples-romantic-relationships
#3
REVIEW
Brian D Doss, Galena K Rhoades
The birth of the first baby-often referred to as the transition to parenthood (TTP)-is both a time of great joy and great stress for new parents. Although the literature is mixed, the preponderance of evidence suggests that the TTP has a negative effect on relationship functioning for most couples. However, as children age, the relationship functioning of parents and non-parents converge. Notably, there are important moderators of this average trajectory; couples with higher levels of pre-birth relationship problems, insecurely attached parents, temperamentally difficult infants, and TTP following biological birth rather than adoption are associated with larger post-birth declines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813288/adult-attachment-stress-and-romantic-relationships
#4
REVIEW
Jeffry A Simpson, W Steven Rholes
In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We first review basic principles of attachment theory and then discuss how two forms of attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-are associated with unique patterns of emotion regulation in response to certain types of threatening/distressing situations. We then discuss a Diathesis-Stress Process Model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737417/benefits-of-positive-relationship-experiences-for-avoidantly-attached-individuals
#5
Sarah C E Stanton, Lorne Campbell, Jennifer C Pink
Attachment avoidance is characterized by discomfort with closeness and a reluctance to develop intimacy with romantic partners, which contribute to heightened general negativity and lower satisfaction and self-disclosure in and out of their relationships. Recent research, however, has begun to uncover circumstances in which romantic partners and positive relationships buffer more avoidantly attached individuals against deleterious individual and relationship outcomes. Across 3 studies, using a multimethod approach encompassing both experimental and dyadic longitudinal diary methods, we investigated the effects of positive, intimacy-related relationship experiences on more avoidant persons' positive and negative affect, relationship quality, self-disclosure, and attachment security immediately and over time...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715233/betrayals-in-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-perspective-of-infidelity
#6
Jerika C Norona, Spencer B Olmstead, Deborah P Welsh
Infidelity is associated with considerable distress and discord in dating relationships. The current mixed methods study examined both the written narratives and survey responses of 104 (59.6% women) emerging adults to investigate reasons for engaging in infidelity (i.e., sexual and emotional infidelity). Emerging adults' reasons for engaging in infidelity were attributed primarily to their primary relationships and/or their romantic partners not fulfilling their needs for interdependence and thus feeling motivated to fulfill these needs elsewhere...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683600/fuckbuddy-partnerships-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-marker-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk
#7
Vincent J Cornelisse, Christopher K Fairley, Tiffany Phillips, Sandra Walker, Eric Pf Chow
'Fuckbuddies' are a type of regular sexual partner with whom men have ongoing sexual contact, generally in the absence of romantic attachment. We surveyed 989 men who have sex with men (MSM) at the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia, with the aim of determining the frequency of 'fuckbuddy' partnerships among sexual health clinic attendees and assessing their sexual risk. The majority (60%) of 1139 regular partnerships were described as 'fuckbuddies'. Most MSM (63%) with a 'fuckbuddy' had multiple 'fuckbuddies'...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645226/the-fragile-spell-of-desire-a-functional-perspective-on-changes-in-sexual-desire-across-relationship-development
#8
Gurit E Birnbaum
The sexual behavioral system evolved to motivate reproductive acts by arousing sexual desire. Building on the idea that this system has also been "exploited" by evolutionary processes to promote enduring bonds between romantic partners, the present article introduces an integrative model that delineates the functional significance of sexual desire in relationship formation and maintenance. This model explains why individuals' sexual reaction to their partner is context-dependent, clarifying how changes in the nature of interdependence over the course of relationships alter the ways in which specific predictors of sexual desire tend to promote (or inhibit) desire and thereby affect relationship depth and stability...
June 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645098/the-behavioral-economics-of-social-anxiety-disorder-reveal-a-robust-effect-for-interpersonal-traits
#9
Thomas L Rodebaugh, Natasha A Tonge, Jaclyn S Weisman, Michelle H Lim, Katya C Fernandez, Ryan Bogdan
Recent evidence suggests that reduced generosity among individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) in behavioral economic tasks may result from constraint in changing behavior according to interpersonal contingencies. That is, people with SAD may be slower to be more generous when the situation warrants. Conversely, more global effects on generosity may be related to interpersonal vindictiveness, a dimension only somewhat related to SAD. A total of 133 participants, 73 with the generalized form of SAD, completed self-report instruments and a behavioral economic task with simulated interpersonal (friend, romantic partner, stranger) interactions...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641061/positive-parenting-as-responsible-care-risks-protective-factors-and-intervention-evaluation
#10
Silvia Donato, Anna Bertoni
In this themed issue of the Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, the first four contributions provide knowledge on factors that can support or hinder positive parenting throughout children's lives. In particular, the first article examined the spillover of work stressors on parenting behaviors and the role of spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover. The second contribution examines the association between parents' promotion of volitional functioning and adopted children's sense of strength of family bonds and belonging to the adoptive family...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573961/revising-working-models-across-time-relationship-situations-that-enhance-attachment-security
#11
Ximena B Arriaga, Madoka Kumashiro, Jeffry A Simpson, Nickola C Overall
We propose the Attachment Security Enhancement Model (ASEM) to suggest how romantic relationships can promote chronic attachment security. One part of the ASEM examines partner responses that protect relationships from the erosive effects of immediate insecurity, but such responses may not necessarily address underlying insecurities in a person's mental models. Therefore, a second part of the ASEM examines relationship situations that foster more secure mental models. Both parts may work in tandem. We posit that attachment anxiety should decline most in situations that foster greater personal confidence and more secure mental models of the self...
June 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548007/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-attachment-states-of-mind-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#12
Jodi Martin, K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Glenn I Roisman
This investigation examined preoccupied attachment states of mind as both a risk factor for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and as a mechanism by which prospectively assessed childhood experiences of abuse and neglect predicted the frequency/severity of NSSI behavior up to age 26 years in 164 individuals (83 females) who were followed from birth in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. Preoccupied (but not dismissing) states of mind regarding both childhood caregivers and adult romantic partners were correlated with more frequent/severe NSSI...
May 26, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529444/childbirth-pain-attachment-orientations-and-romantic-partner-support-during-labor-and-delivery
#13
Carol L Wilson, Jeffry A Simpson
Attachment anxiety is associated with greater perceived physical pain, whereas social support is associated with lower pain perceptions. Few studies, however, have examined the joint effects of attachment and support on acute physical pain in a dyadic context. In this study, first-time expectant mothers (N=140) and their male partners completed romantic attachment measures (prenatally) and postnatal assessments of women's pain and men's emotional support during labor and delivery. More securely attached women benefited from emotional support in terms of reduced pain, more avoidantly attached women reported greater pain when given more support, and more anxiously attached women reported greater pain, regardless of their partner's support...
December 2016: Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#14
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#15
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#16
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504323/the-systemic-interaction-of-attachment-on-psychophysiological-arousal-in-couple-conflict
#17
Nathan C Taylor, Ryan B Seedall, W David Robinson, Kay Bradford
Attachment in adult romantic relationships has long been linked to conflict styles. Psychophysiological measures have provided additional insight into this association by accessing less conscious and controlled responses to conflict. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the interaction between attachment styles on skin conductance responses during conflict and recovery from conflict. Using dyadic analysis of 50 heterosexual couples, we found evidence of a systemic effect of attachment, where psychophysiological arousal increased when one partner had higher levels of attachment anxiety and the other partner had higher levels of attachment avoidance...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447814/undetected-scars-self-criticism-attachment-and-romantic-relationships-among-otherwise-well-functioning-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors
#18
Dana Lassri, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently demonstrated the negative impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on intimate relationships. The majority of studies have focused on revictimization in at-risk or clinical samples, with very few addressing the impact of CSA on otherwise well-functioning adults and even fewer investigating the psychological mechanisms involved. To fill this gap, this study focuses on the effect of CSA on "normative" (nonviolent) romantic relationships in otherwise well-functioning young women, and the mediating role of personality dimension self-criticism and attachment in this regard...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440709/the-relationship-between-attachment-style-and-placement-of-parents-in-adults-attachment-networks-over-time
#19
F S Julal, K B Carnelley, A Rowe
Using a bull's-eye hierarchical mapping technique (HMT), the present study examined placement of parents in adults' attachment networks over time. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict distance at which network members (mother, father, and romantic partner) would be placed from the core-self over time. Participants completed the HMT on two occasions, 12 months apart. Concurrently and over time, fathers were placed further from the core-self than mothers. Attachment style explained unique variance, beyond that accounted for by individual and relationship characteristics...
April 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#20
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
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