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Romantic attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294831/do-trust-and-sexual-intimacy-mediate-attachment-s-pathway-toward-sexual-violence-occurring-in-same-sex-romantic-relationships
#1
Nicolas Gabbay, Marie-France Lafontaine
This study tested a serial mediation model examining how dyadic trust and sexual intimacy mediate the relationship between insecure romantic attachment and perpetrated sexual violence occurring between same sex intimate partners (sexual SSIPV). A community sample of adults ( N = 310; 203 women, 107 men) involved in a committed (6 months or longer) same sex romantic relationship completed an encrypted online questionnaire package which included psychometric measures designed to assess the aforementioned variables...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285655/the-psychology-of-gay-men-s-cuckolding-fantasies
#2
Justin J Lehmiller, David Ley, Dan Savage
Cuckolding (also known as troilism) is a sexual interest in which one obtains sexual arousal from the experience of a romantic partner engaging in sexual activity with someone else. The present study investigated fantasies about and experiences with cuckolding in a large and diverse sample of predominately gay-identified men (N = 580). Compared to previous research focusing on heterosexual men's cuckolding fantasies, our results indicate that gay men's cuckolding fantasies share many common elements; however, they differ in some important ways...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244527/motivations-for-extradyadic-infidelity-revisited
#3
Dylan Selterman, Justin R Garcia, Irene Tsapelas
Relationship infidelities are motivated by many distinct factors, with previous research indicating motivations of dissatisfaction, neglect, anger, and sexual desire (Barta & Kiene, 2005). We expand on this by demonstrating additional, empirically distinct motivations for infidelity. Using an Internet-based questionnaire, participants (N = 495), most of whom were young adults, self-reported their infidelities. In addition to evidence for previously studied motivations, our data demonstrate additional factors, including lack of love ("I had 'fallen out of love with' my primary partner"), low commitment ("I was not very committed to my primary partner"), esteem ("I wanted to enhance my popularity"), gaining sexual variety ("I wanted a greater variety of sexual partners"), and situational factors ("I was drunk and not thinking clearly")...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213107/brain-to-brain-synchrony-during-naturalistic-social-interactions
#4
Sivan Kinreich, Amir Djalovski, Lior Kraus, Yoram Louzoun, Ruth Feldman
The evolution of humans as a highly social species tuned the brain to the social world; yet the mechanisms by which humans coordinate their brain response online during social interactions remain unclear. Using hyperscanning EEG recordings, we measured brain-to-brain synchrony in 104 adults during a male-female naturalistic social interaction, comparing romantic couples and strangers. Neural synchrony was found for couples, but not for strangers, localized to temporal-parietal structures and expressed in gamma rhythms...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206485/structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-adult-romantic-attachment
#5
Jacob S Gray, William L Dunlop
Romantic attachment is a popular theory for explaining affect, cognition, and behavior in romantic contexts. This popularity has led to a surge of self-report measures assessing dimensions of attachment. In this study, we considered the ability of 2 common attachment measures, the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and the Experience in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), to replicate the avoidant and anxious attachment factors. We also determined the degree of measurement invariance across, and mean differences between, genders and single and nonsingle individuals...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179138/pathological-jealousy-and-pathological-love-apples-to-apples-or-apples-to-oranges
#6
Andrea Lorena da C Stravogiannis, Hyoun S Kim, Eglacy C Sophia, Cíntia Sanches, Monica L Zilberman, Hermano Tavares
Pathological jealousy evokes emotions, thoughts, and behaviors that cause damage to social and interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, pathological love is the uncontrollable behavior of caring for a partner that results in neglecting the needs of the self. The aim of the present research was to assess the similarities and differences between the two psychopathologies of love. To this end, thirty-two individuals with pathological jealousy and 33 individuals with pathological love were compared on demographics, aspects of romantic relationship (jealousy, satisfaction, love style), psychiatric co-morbidities, personality and psychological characteristics (e...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175733/examining-the-role-of-attachment-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-psychological-distress-and-subjective-well-being
#7
Mark Corcoran, Muireann McNulty
Childhood adversity is associated with a wide range of detrimental psychological consequences. This study examined the mediating role of relationship-specific attachment (avoidance and anxiety) in the associations between childhood adversity and both psychological distress and subjective well-being. University students (N=190) across the Republic of Ireland completed self-report measures including the Adverse Childhood Experiences scale, Experiences in Close Relationships - Relationship Structures scale, Depression Anxiety and Stress scales and measures of subjective well-being...
November 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166227/the-impact-of-attachment-style-on-sexual-satisfaction-and-sexual-desire-in-a-sexually-diverse-sample
#8
Kristen P Mark, Laura M Patrick, Sarah H Murray
Research has indicated that adult romantic attachment is influential and important to sexual and relationship satisfaction. Sexual desire, although not a direct focus of attachment literature, is highly related to sexual and relationship satisfaction, suggesting it may also be impacted by attachment style in romantic couples. However, the research conducted on sexual desire, sexual satisfaction, and attachment has been largely heterocentric, making it difficult to determine whether the findings documented in the literature thus far are relevant in a sexually diverse group of individuals...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163857/italian-translation-and-cross-cultural-comparison-with-the-childhood-attachment-and-relational-trauma-screen-carts
#9
A Simonelli, C Sacchi, L Cantoni, M Brown, P Frewen
Background: The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) is a computer-administered survey designed to assess retrospectively the socio-ecological context in which instances of child abuse may have occurred. To date, studies supporting the validity of the CARTS have only been undertaken in English-speaking North American populations. Validation projects in other countries and cross-cultural comparisons are therefore warranted. Objective: Develop and preliminarily evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the CARTS on college students and compare such observations to data acquired from Canadian students...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083214/breastfeeding-duration-predicts-greater-maternal-sensitivity-over-the-next-decade
#10
Jennifer M Weaver, Thomas J Schofield, Lauren M Papp
The current study represents the first longitudinal investigation of the potential effects of breastfeeding duration on maternal sensitivity over the following decade. This study also examined whether infant attachment security at 24 months would mediate longitudinal relations between breastfeeding duration and changes in maternal sensitivity over time. Using data from 1,272 families from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we found that longer breastfeeding duration (assessed up to age 3) predicted increases in observed maternal sensitivity up to child age 11, after accounting for maternal neuroticism, parenting attitudes, ethnicity, maternal years of education, and presence of a romantic partner...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073322/mindfulness-in-the-context-of-romantic-relationships-initial-development-and-validation-of-the-relationship-mindfulness-measure
#11
Jonathan G Kimmes, Matthew E Jaurequi, Ross W May, Sapna Srivastava, Frank D Fincham
Trait mindfulness and mindfulness in the context of romantic relationships may not be completely overlapping constructs. This study adapted an existing measure of trait mindfulness to assess the tendency to be mindful in romantic relationships, the Relationship Mindfulness Measure (RMM). Using data from 185 young adults, the results supported the RMM's internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity. The RMM accounted for a significant portion of variance in positive relationship quality, negative relationship quality, and anxious and avoidant attachment, even after controlling for trait mindfulness...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052432/suicidal-risk-following-the-termination-of-romantic-relationships
#12
Heather A Love, David P Nalbone, Lorna L Hecker, Kathryn A Sweeney, Prerana Dharnidharka
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if specific risk markers for suicide are related to an individual's commitment level to the romantic relationship prior to its dissolution. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to examine if commitment and investment are linked with suicidal risk in a sample of adults (n = 208) in the United States ages 18-64 who experienced the break-up of a significant romantic relationship within the past 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988437/the-impact-of-blamer-softening-on-romantic-attachment-in-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy
#13
Melissa Burgess Moser, Susan M Johnson, Tracy L Dalgleish, Stephanie A Wiebe, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT; Johnson, ) treats relationship distress by targeting couples' relationship-specific attachment insecurity. In this study, we used hierarchical linear modeling (Singer & Willett, ) to examine intercept and slope discontinuities in softened couples' trajectories of change in relationship satisfaction and relationship-specific attachment over the course of therapy from a total sample of 32 couples. Softened couples (n = 16) reported a significant increase in relationship satisfaction and a significant decrease in attachment avoidance at the softening session...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959920/similarities-and-differences-regarding-changes-in-attachment-preferences-and-attachment-styles-in-relation-to-romantic-relationship-length-longitudinal-and-concurrent-analyses
#14
Tomotaka Umemura, Lenka Lacinová, Kristína Kotrčová, R Chris Fraley
This study examines whether attachment preferences and attachment styles with different figures (mother, father, romantic partner, and friends) change over the course of a romantic relationship. Study 1 employed a three-wave longitudinal sample of Czech young adults who were currently in a romantic relationship (N = 870; mean age = 21.57; SD = 1.51; 81% females). Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that, as romantic relationships progressed, attachment preferences for romantic partners increased and preferences for friends decreased...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818734/the-predictors-of-perceived-social-support-among-former-foster-youth
#15
Andrew Zinn, Ashley N Palmer, Eunji Nam
Based on a 5-wave panel survey of 732 foster youth, the current study examined the respective relationships between foster youths' individual characteristics, youths' social connections with individuals and formal institutions, and the development of perceived social support across the transition to adulthood. Several youth characteristics - including self-reported delinquency and attachment insecurity - were found to be statistically significantly associated with perceived social support. Attachment insecurity also appeared to mediate the relationships between social support and several other youth-level characteristics, including prior placement disruptions and placement with relatives...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813299/stress-and-wellbeing-during-chronic-illness-and-partner-death-in-later-life-the-role-of-social-support
#16
REVIEW
Gery C Karantzas, Omri Gillath
Chronic illness and the death of a romantic partner are two of the most significant stressors reported by older adults, resulting in various physical and mental health consequences. Evidence suggests that social support is a key factor in understanding the association between chronic illness and widowhood and the wellbeing of older adults. Nevertheless, research into social support is often approached in an atheoretical manner when investigating these stressors in older adulthood. We attempt to address this theoretical chasm by proposing an integrative model to explain social support processes in older couples which draws on models of social support and attachment theory...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813296/couple-conflict-insights-from-an-attachment-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Judith A Feeney, Gery C Karantzas
The experience of conflict is often cited as a highly stressful relational phenomenon by romantic couples, and can have negative implications for relationship satisfaction and for the longevity of romantic relationships. In this paper, we review extant research on couple conflict in romantic relationships from an attachment theory perspective. The research we review is underpinned by two central tenets: firstly, severe or persistent conflict activates the attachment system; secondly, responses to couple conflict involve complex attachment dynamics, shaped by partners' attachment anxiety and avoidance...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813289/the-transition-to-parenthood-impact-on-couples-romantic-relationships
#18
REVIEW
Brian D Doss, Galena K Rhoades
The birth of the first baby-often referred to as the transition to parenthood (TTP)-is both a time of great joy and great stress for new parents. Although the literature is mixed, the preponderance of evidence suggests that the TTP has a negative effect on relationship functioning for most couples. However, as children age, the relationship functioning of parents and non-parents converge. Notably, there are important moderators of this average trajectory; couples with higher levels of pre-birth relationship problems, insecurely attached parents, temperamentally difficult infants, and TTP following biological birth rather than adoption are associated with larger post-birth declines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813288/adult-attachment-stress-and-romantic-relationships
#19
REVIEW
Jeffry A Simpson, W Steven Rholes
In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We first review basic principles of attachment theory and then discuss how two forms of attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-are associated with unique patterns of emotion regulation in response to certain types of threatening/distressing situations. We then discuss a Diathesis-Stress Process Model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737417/benefits-of-positive-relationship-experiences-for-avoidantly-attached-individuals
#20
Sarah C E Stanton, Lorne Campbell, Jennifer C Pink
Attachment avoidance is characterized by discomfort with closeness and a reluctance to develop intimacy with romantic partners, which contribute to heightened general negativity and lower satisfaction and self-disclosure in and out of their relationships. Recent research, however, has begun to uncover circumstances in which romantic partners and positive relationships buffer more avoidantly attached individuals against deleterious individual and relationship outcomes. Across 3 studies, using a multimethod approach encompassing both experimental and dyadic longitudinal diary methods, we investigated the effects of positive, intimacy-related relationship experiences on more avoidant persons' positive and negative affect, relationship quality, self-disclosure, and attachment security immediately and over time...
October 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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