Read by QxMD icon Read

Pre operative assessment

Dawei Song, Bin Meng, Guangdong Chen, Junjie Niu, Weimin Jiang, Zongping Luo, Huilin Yang
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of secondary balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) for new vertebral compression fracture (NVCF) of previously non-fractured, non-treated vertebrae after previous BKP and to compare the therapeutic effect between patients with single-level adjacent NVCF and remote NVCF. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with single-level NVCF after initial BKP in our hospital from January 2007 to August 2014. The mean follow-up time from secondary BKP was 13...
October 21, 2016: European Spine Journal
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Meghana Ramachandra, Muhammad Farooq, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
PURPOSE: Urological and sexual dysfunction are recognised risks of rectal cancer surgery; however, there is limited evidence regarding urogenital function comparing robotic to laparoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to assess the urogenital functional outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Urological and sexual functions were assessed using gender-specific validated standardised questionnaires. Questionnaires were sent a minimum of 6 months after surgery, and patients were asked to report their urogenital function pre- and post-operatively, allowing changes in urogenital function to be identified...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Ju H Kim, Ramesh Singh, Francis D Pagani, Shashank S Desai, Nicholas A Haglund, Shannon M Dunlay, Simon Maltais, Keith D Aaronson, John M Stulak, Mary E Davis, Christopher T Salerno, Jennifer A Cowger, Palak Shah
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on outcomes in patients greater than 70 years of age supported with continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVAD). METHODS: Data on 1,149 continuous-flow LVAD recipients was queried from the Mechanical Circulatory Support Research Network. Groups were assigned based on age: ≥70 years ("older patients") and <70 years. The primary outcome was survival at one-year based on age grouping. RESULTS: Compared with younger patients, (54...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
David James Osborn, Andy J Martinez, James R Jezior
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of circumferential cremasteric lysis in the treatment of adult symptomatic retractile testicles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients who had undergone circumferential cremasteric lysis at a single institution by a single surgeon between January 2010 and December 2011. We evaluated etiology, pre- and post-operative pain intensity, post-operative pain alleviation and any surgical complications...
October 17, 2016: Urology
Kai Pun Wong, Kin Pan Au, Shi Lam, Brian H Lang
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hoarseness of voice, previous neck operation or suspicion of malignancy are at "high-risk" of having pre-thyroidectomy vocal cord (VC) palsy. Therefore, VC functions should be evaluated before the operation. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of hoarseness, voice related questionnaire (Voice handicap Index (VHI) - 30) and transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasound (TLUSG) in diagnosing VC palsy, as well as the role of TLUSG in the evaluation of high-risk patients. METHODS: 1000 patients undergoing thyroidectomy or other endocrine-related neck procedures were prospectively included...
October 20, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Clément Chesseboeuf
This document presents a non-rigid registration algorithm for the use of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images comparison. More precisely, we want to compare pre-operative and post-operative MR images in order to assess the deformation due to a surgical removal. The proposed algorithm has been studied in Chesseboeuf et al. ((Non-rigid registration of magnetic resonance imaging of brain. IEEE, 385-390. doi: 10.1109/IPTA.2015.7367172 , 2015), following ideas of Trouvé (An infinite dimensional group approach for physics based models in patterns recognition...
October 19, 2016: Acta Biotheoretica
M Moutzouri, N Gleeson, E Billis, E Tsepis, I Panoutsopoulou, J Gliatis
PURPOSE: Despite the high incidence of falls in patients with OA, few studies have explored whether falls risk is affected after patients undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to identify the extent of the effects of TKA on balance and incidence of falls by critically reviewing the available literature. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature sources was conducted up to March 2014. All studies assessing balance and incidence of falls after TKA (without physiotherapeutic intervention) were included...
October 19, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Ali Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi, Nasrin Nejadsarvari, Azin Ebrahimi, Hamid Reza Rasouli
OBJECTIVE: A variety of nasal skin reconstruction methods are available to meet the esthetic patient's needs. In this article, we review some of modifications of these procedures and share our experience in reconstruction of different parts of the nasal skin following skin tumor ablation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2014, 171 patients underwent nasal skin reconstruction after excising cancerous lesions of the involved nasal skin. The patient's history, pre- and post-operation photographs, and the surgery data were collected and assessed...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Madhuri S Kurdi, Sindhu Priya Muthukalai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Melatonin (MT), a naturally occurring pituitary hormone has a sleep promoting effect. There are very few studies on pre-operative oral MT (0.2-0.5 mg/kg) in children. We planned a study to assess the efficacy of oral MT in two doses and compare it with oral midazolam and placebo for pre-operative anxiolysis, sedation, maintenance of cognition and psychomotor skills, parental separation behaviour and venepuncture compliance. METHODS: This prospective double-blind randomised study was conducted after ethical committee approval on 100 children aged 5-15 years, American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I and II undergoing elective surgery at our hospital from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Hiroyuki Daiko, Takeo Fujita, Takashi Kojima
Postoperative chemotherapy was initially conducted with surgical treatment as part of a multimodal treatment strategy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Subsequently, a randomized trial comparing post- versus pre-operative chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil demonstrated the superior efficacy of neoadjuvant treatment with FP(CF). However, the results of subgroup analysis based on T factor revealed no efficacy for cT3 tumors. To improve the survival rate in patients with cT3 tumors, treatments with neoadjuvant chemotherapy using FP(CF)plus docetaxel and concurrent FP(CF)plus radiation were conducted to assess the feasibility of preoperative adjuvant treatment and surgery after neoadjuvant treatment...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hui-Ling Deng, Yu-Feng Zhang, Ya-Ping Li, Yu Zhang, Yan Xie, Jun Wang, Xiao-Yan Wang, Shuang-Suo Dang
BACKGROUND: Severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is sometimes associated with serious complications such as acute heart failure that can cause substantial child mortality. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of congestive heart failure. The aim of this study was to use plasma NT-proBNP levels to establish the severity of childhood HFMD. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 128 Chinese patients with severe HFMD and 88 patients with mild HFMD treated between January 2014 and October 2015...
October 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Bruno Law-Ye, Chloé Hangard, Adrien Felter, Dominique Safa, Philippe Denormandie, François Genet, Robert-Yves Carlier
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic Myositis Ossificans (NMO) is a rare disabling pathology characterized by peri-articular heterotopic ossifications following severe peripheral or central nervous system injuries. It results in ankylosis and vessels or nerves compressions. Our study aimed to describe the pre-operative findings of patients with NMO of the hip using biphasic computerized tomography (CT). METHODS: Between 2006 and 2012, we retrospectively analyzed 101 consecutive patients with hip NMO...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Takele Kefyalew, Zelalem Kebede, Dawit Getachew, David Mukanga, Tessema Awano, Agonafer Tekalegne, Esey Batisso, Wasihun Edossa, Emebet Mekonnen, James Tibenderana, Ebenezer Sheshi Baba, Constance Shumba, Joaniter I Nankabirwa, Prudence Hamade
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends injectable artesunate given either intravenously or by the intramuscular route for definitive treatment for severe malaria and recommends a single intramuscular dose of intramuscular artesunate or intramuscular artemether or intramuscular quinine, in that order of preference as pre-referral treatment when definitive treatment is not possible. Where intramuscular injections are not available, children under 6 years may be administered a single dose of rectal artesunate...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
M Saylik, K Gökkuş
BACKGROUND: Associated joint disorders with popliteal cysts were stated approximately between the ranges of 41-83 % in all reported cases. Combined treatment strategies that eliminate intra-articular pathologies and cyst- associated valve mechanisms are thought to be a good option in treatment of the disease. In this study, our main objective is to present clinical results of our combined treatment results, which includes posterior cyst excision with supine arthroscopic intervention, targeting intra-articular pathologies on recalcitrant cases...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
T Ni, X Sun, B Shan, J Wang, Y Liu, S-L Gu, Y-D Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). STUDY DESIGN: This study included 40 patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of high-risk EC between April 2015 and May 2016. Patients were further divided into high-risk (grade 3, non-endometrioid, myometrial invasion ≥1/2 and stage III-IV) and high-intermediate-risk (grade 2-3, endometrioid, myometrial invasion <1/2 and stage I-II) groups according to postoperative pathological results...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
John Arvesen, J Tracy Watson, Heidi Israel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a hexapod external fixator (TSF) and its ability to perform six-axis correction in restoring deformities associated with distal tibial nonunions. DESIGN: Consecutive retrospective case review. SETTING: St. Louis University Hospital. Level One Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 37 patients with distal tibial nonunion with greater than 5 degrees of deformity in any plane. Patients were excluded who were less than 18 years of age, had tibial deformities less than 5 degrees, had proximal or middle tibial deformities or had less than one year of follow up...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Ning Ma, Xiao-Yan Wu, Chang-Sheng Ma, Nian Liu, Rong Bai, Xin Du, Yan-Fei Ruan, Jian-Zeng Dong
Catheter ablation has been recommended as a treatment option for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) patients complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PAF patients with T2DM have a higher recurrence rate after catheter ablation. Prolongation of corrected QT (QTc) interval has been linked to poor outcomes in T2DM patients. Whether the abnormal QTc interval is associated with the ablation outcome in the PAF patients with T2DM remains unknown. In this study, 134 PAF patients with T2DM undergoing primary catheter ablation were retrospectively enrolled...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Degala Sai Krishna, Dey Soumadip
PURPOSE: The main aim of our study was to assess and evaluate the efficacy, long standing outcome and infection of porous polyethylene implants in treatment of orbital floor fractures. PATIENT AND METHODS: Twelve patients with fractures of orbital floor were included in the study. The cause of fracture was road traffic accident, self fall and cow hit respectively. They also complained of enophthalmos (n = 9), diplopia (n = 3), restricted eye movement (n = 2), impairment of infraorbital nerve (n = 3) and dystopia (n = 6)...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
J K F Wong, C C Hsu, C H Lin, S H Lien, Y T Lin
BACKGROUND: Many techniques have been described to relieve the compression and reduce subluxation of the ulnar nerve following surgery. The subfascial anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve (SfATUN) is one described technique, but involves a long scar, risk of injury to the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve, and possible nerve ischemia from anterior transposition. We assessed a more refined approach of endoscopy-assisted SfATUN for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: A consecutive case series of 21 patients (15 males and 6 females) with evidence of nerve subluxation after ulnar nerve decompression were operated using an endoscopy-assisted SfATUN...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"