keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pre operative assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938143/contribution-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-assessment-of-brain-connectivity-and-networks
#1
REVIEW
Mark Hallett, Riccardo Di Iorio, Paolo Maria Rossini, Jung E Park, Robert Chen, Pablo Celnik, Antonio P Strafella, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Yoshikazu Ugawa
The goal of this review is to show how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques can make a contribution to the study of brain networks. Brain networks are fundamental in understanding how the brain operates. Effects on remote areas can be directly observed or identified after a period of stimulation, and each section of this review will discuss one method. EEG analyzed following TMS is called TMS-evoked potentials (TEPs). A conditioning TMS can influence the effect of a test TMS given over the motor cortex...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#2
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936285/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-arthrocentesis-followed-by-autologous-blood-injection-for-treatment-of-chronic-recurrent-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation
#3
Jinesh Patel, Kumar Nilesh, M I Parkar, Alpesh Vaghasiya
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the functional outcome and MRI findings of arthrocentsis followed by autologous blood injection (ABI) into the joint space for management of chronic recurrent TMJ dislocation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total ten patients with bilateral chronic recurrent condylar dislocation were included in the study. Arthrocentesis of both TMJ was performed on each patient, followed by the injection of 2 ml of autologous blood into the superior joint compartment and 1 ml onto the outer surface of the joint capsule...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935227/physiotherapy-education-and-training-prior-to-upper-abdominal-surgery-is-memorable-and-has-high-treatment-fidelity-a-nested-mixed-methods-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Ianthe Boden, Doa El-Ansary, Nadia Zalucki, Iain K Robertson, Laura Browning, Elizabeth H Skinner, Linda Denehy
OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess memorability and treatment fidelity of pre-operative physiotherapy education prior to elective upper abdominal surgery and, (2) to explore patient opinions on pre-operative education. DESIGN: Mixed-methods analysis of a convenience sample within a larger parallel-group, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Tertiary Australian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine patients having upper abdominal surgery attending pre-admission clinic within six-weeks of surgery...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934802/intravertebral-vacuum-cleft-and-its-varied-locations-within-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-effect-on-therapeutic-efficacy
#5
Weibo Yu, Xiaobing Jiang, De Liang, Zhensong Yao, Ting Qiu, Linqiang Ye, Shuncong Zhang, Daxiang Jin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high incidence of re-collapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC) during long-term follow-up. Previous IVC might be considered an important predisposing factor for re-collapse, but the prior studies could not find a significant correlation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and distribution characteristics of IVCs and to further assess IVCs in their varied locations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934761/comparison-between-mri-and-pathology-in-the-assessment-of-tumour-regression-grade-in-rectal-cancer
#6
Francesco Sclafani, Gina Brown, David Cunningham, Andrew Wotherspoon, Larissa Sena Teixeira Mendes, Svetlana Balyasnikova, Jessica Evans, Clare Peckitt, Ruwaida Begum, Diana Tait, Josep Tabernero, Bengt Glimelius, Susana Roselló, Janet Thomas, Jacqui Oates, Ian Chau
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the correlation between MRI tumour regression grade (mrTRG) and pathological TRG (pTRG) in rectal cancer. METHODS: mrTRG and pTRG were compared in rectal cancer patients from two phase II trials (EXPERT and EXPERT-C). The agreement between radiologist and pathologist was assessed with the weighted κ test while the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival outcomes. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-one patients were included...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932334/corneal-biomechanics-in-ectatic-diseases-refractive-surgery-implications
#7
Renato Ambrósio, Fernando Faria Correia, Bernardo Lopes, Marcella Q Salomão, Allan Luz, Daniel G Dawson, Ahmed Elsheikh, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Paolo Vinciguerra, Cynthia J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Ectasia development occurs due to a chronic corneal biomechanical decompensation or weakness, resulting in stromal thinning and corneal protrusion. This leads to corneal steepening, increase in astigmatism, and irregularity. In corneal refractive surgery, the detection of mild forms of ectasia pre-operatively is essential to avoid post-operative progressive ectasia, which also depends on the impact of the procedure on the cornea. METHOD: The advent of 3D tomography is proven as a significant advancement to further characterize corneal shape beyond front surface topography, which is still relevant...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932266/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infections-in-obstetrics-a-retrospective-study-in-an-ethiopian-referral-hospital
#8
Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence and associated risk factors would help to undertake optimal precautions and standard surgical techniques to reduce surgical site infection which poses increased hospital cost and total hospital stay of the patients. METHOD: Facility based retrospective observational study design was carried out purposively to assess the prevalence of surgical site infections and associated risk factors among mothers who had delivery related surgery at obstetric ward of Assela teaching referral hospital from April, 23, 2015 to September 5, 2015...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932049/evaluation-of-two-flap-designs-on-the-mandibular-second-molar-after-third-molar-extractions
#9
Nabeeh A Alqahtani, S Khaleelahmed, Farheen Desai
BACKGROUND: The extraction of third molars is associated with some clinical outcomes and periodontal problems. It is imperative to note that the type of incision used in the surgery for the removal of the impacted third molar is critical. The design of the flap influences the healing of the surgically created defect and damage to the distal periodontal area of the adjacent second molar. However, till date, there have been conflicting reports on the influence of different flap designs used for the surgical removal of impacted third molars...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931264/assessment-of-the-accuracy-and-errors-of-head-up-display-by-an-optical-neuronavigation-system-in-brain-tumor-surgery
#10
Kenichiro Asano, Kosuke Katayama, Kiyohide Kakuta, Kanae Oyama, Hiroki Ohkuma
BACKGROUND: A head-up display (HUD) in which navigational information is projected into the microscope view may enable surgeons to perform operations more efficiently. Projecting depictions of both tumor and important intracranial structures on the HUD may facilitate safe surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate accuracy and errors regarding important intracranial structures, errors due to brain shifts, and preservation rates for important intracranial structures. METHODS: A total of 184 surgeries in 172 patients were performed using this operation system...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931013/a-pre-registered-naturalistic-observation-of-within-domain-mental-fatigue-and-domain-general-depletion-of-self-control
#11
Daniel Randles, Iain Harlow, Michael Inzlicht
Self-control is often believed to operate as if it were a finite, domain-general resource. However, recent attempts to demonstrate this under transparent conditions have failed to yield positive results. In the current study, we monitor two groups of students (N1 = 8,867, N2 = 8,754) over separate 17-week intervals with 24-hour coverage, as they engage in voluntary learning and self-testing using an online program. We use daily behavior to assess whether time-of-day effects support domain-general theories of self-control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929187/morden-synthetic-material-is-a-safe-and-effective-alterative-for-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Paul Y F Lee, David Golding, Sam Rozewicz, Amit Chandratreya
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is often performed using gracilis autografts, which may be associated with donor site morbidity and complications. The use of a synthetic material can circumvent a harvest operation and has previously been demonstrated to be effective in other types of reconstructive procedures and may be effective in MPFL reconstruction. This study reports the clinical result with the use of a morden ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene with a braided jacket of polyester tape (FT) in MPFL reconstruction compared to using standard autografts...
September 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929072/type-1-tympanoplasty-by-cartilage-palisade-and-temporalis-fascia-technique-a-comparison
#13
Nikhil Arora, J C Passey, A K Agarwal, R Bansal
(1) To compare graft take up of type-1 tympanoplasty with cartilage palisade technique with those of type-1 tympanoplasty using autotemporalis fascia. (2) To compare hearing results of type 1 tympanoplasty with cartilage palisade technique with those of type-1 tympanoplasty using autotemporalis fascia. A prospective clinical study. It consisted of 60 patients divided into two groups of 30 patients each. After randomization 30 patients underwent type 1 tympanoplasty using cartilage palisade technique and 30 underwent type 1 tympanoplasty using autotemporalis fascia...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929063/lymph-node-central-necrosis-on-the-computed-tomography-as-the-predictor-of-the-extra-capsular-spread-in-metastatic-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Aditi Sharma, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Girish Umredkar, Ratiram Barle, Neeta Sharma, Praveer Kumar Banerjee, Amrish Kumar Garg, Ravindranath Membally
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the presence of the cervical lymph node with central necrosis as on the preoperative imaging and postoperative histopathological identification of the lymph node extra capsular spread. This study is a prospective study conducted at J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (C.G), from August 2011 to January 2014. Thirty patients with metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were enrolled. All candidates were subjected to a detailed history taking and clinical examination...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928778/effectiveness-of-morinda-citrifolia-juice-as-an-intracanal-irrigant-in-deciduous-molars-an-in-vivo-study
#15
Manisha Chandwani, Rakesh Mittal, Shweta Chandak, Jitesh Pimpale
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbial reduction in deciduous molars using Morinda citrifolia juice (MCJ) as irrigating solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized comparative study including 60 deciduous molars chosen among the patients belonging to the age group of 6-9 years based on the inclusion or exclusion criteria. The selected teeth were divided randomly into two groups based on irrigation solution used, that was, Group I (1% NaOCl) and Group II (MCJ)...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928192/a-pragmatic-group-sequential-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-glyceryl-trinitrate-for-retained-placenta-got-it-a-study-protocol
#16
Fiona C Denison, John Norrie, Julia Lawton, Jane E Norman, Graham Scotland, Gladys C McPherson, Alison McDonald, Mark Forrest, Jemma Hudson, Jane Brewin, Mathilde Peace, Cynthia Clarkson, Sheonagh Brook-Smith, Susan Morrow, Nina Hallowell, Laura Hodges, Kathryn F Carruthers
INTRODUCTION: A retained placenta is diagnosed when the placenta is not delivered following delivery of the baby. It is a major cause of postpartum haemorrhage and treated by the operative procedure of manual removal of placenta (MROP). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The aim of this pragmatic, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind UK-wide trial, with an internal pilot and nested qualitative research to adjust strategies to refine delivery of the main trial, is to determine whether sublingual glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) is (or is not) clinically and cost-effective for (medical) management of retained placenta...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927720/neuronal-defects-an-etiological-factor-in-congenital-pelviureteric-junction-obstruction
#17
Guo Yuan How, Kenneth Tou En Chang, Anette Sundfor Jacobsen, Te-Lu Yap, Caroline Choo Phaik Ong, Yee Low, John Carson Allen, Chik Hong Kuick, Malcolm Zhun Leong Lim, Narasimhan Kannan Laksmi
INTRODUCTION: Congenital pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) is one of the most frequent causes of neonatal hydronephrosis. Obstruction at the PUJ has potential severe adverse outcomes, such as renal damage. While pyeloplasty has been established as the definitive treatment, the exact pathophysiology of congenital PUJO remains unknown. Recent research has proposed neuronal innervation defects as an etiological factor in congenital PUJO. We aim to study the expression of various neuronal markers in PUJO specimens compared with controls, and evaluate whether severity of renal disease or dysfunction pre-operatively is related to expression of neuronal markers in resected PUJO specimens...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927554/catheter-foam-sclerotherapy-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-perisaphenous-tumescence-infiltration-and-saphenous-irrigation
#18
Attilio Cavezzi, Giovanni Mosti, Fausto Campana, Lorenzo Tessari, Luca Bastiani, Simone U Urso
OBJECTIVES: This was a prospective observational study to assess the short- to mid-term efficacy and safety of catheter foam sclerotherapy (CFS) of the great saphenous vein (GSV), including peri-saphenous tumescence infiltration (PST) and intra-saphenous saline irrigation (ISI), in combination with phlebectomy of the varicose tributaries. METHODS: Eighty-eight limbs in 82 patients (19 male, 63 female, mean age 55.7 years) affected by varices related to GSV incompetence were submitted to CFS of the refluxing GSV segment after PST and ISI, combined with phlebectomy of the varicose tributaries...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924814/the-prognostic-value-of-heart-rate-response-during-vasodilator-stress-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#19
Wael AlJaroudi, Chiedozie Anokwute, Ibtihaj Fughhi, Tania Campagnoli, Marwan Wassouf, Aviral Vij, Michael Kharouta, Andrew Appis, Amjad Ali, Rami Doukky
BACKGROUND: In asymptomatic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) prior to renal transplantation (RT), the impact of pre-transplant heart rate response (HRR) to vasodilator stress on post-RT outcomes is unknown. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of asymptomatic patients with ESRD who underwent a vasodilator stress SPECT-MPI and subsequently received RT. Blunted HRR was defined as HRR <28% for regadenoson stress and <20% for adenosine stress...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923761/surgical-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#20
Tyler R Halle, Melissa S Oh, Nancy A Collop, Arshed A Quyyumi, Donald L Bliwise, Raj C Dedhia
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasingly prevalent clinical problem with significant effects on quality of life and cardiovascular risk. Surgical therapy represents an important treatment for those unable to use positive airway pressure. This systematic review examines the available cardiovascular risk reduction data for surgical treatment of OSA. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed. Articles were included if they met the following criteria: (1) adults >18 years (2) OSA diagnosed by sleep study; (3) surgical intervention performed for OSA; (4) one or more physical or biochemical cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular variables was measured pre-operatively and at ≥14 days postoperatively...
September 15, 2017: Chest
keyword
keyword
79958
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"