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C-11 choline/PET

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333548/utility-of-pet-ct-after-cryoablation-for-early-identification-of-local-tumor-progression-in-osseous-metastatic-disease
#1
Ann T Packard, Stephen M Broski, Matthew R Callstrom, Thomas D Atwell, Grant D Schmit, John J Schmitz, Jonathan M Morris, Christopher H Hunt, A Nicholas Kurup
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of combined PET/CT for the detection of early local tumor progression after cryoablation of bone metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective single-institution review revealed 61 consecutive patients with 80 separate bone metastases treated with cryoablation who were evaluated with a preablation PET/CT and at least two postablation PET/CT examinations between September 2007 and July 2015. Patients were excluded if they had local therapy or pathologic fracture after ablation...
March 23, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302759/preclinical-evaluation-of-11-c-sarcosine-as-a-substrate-of-proton-coupled-amino-acid-transporters-and-first-human-application-in-prostate-cancer
#2
Morand Piert, Xia Shao, David M Raffel, Mathew S Davenport, Jeffrey Montgomery, Lakshmi Kunju, Brian G Hockley, Javed Siddiqui, Peter J H Scott, Arul Chinnaiyan, Thekkelnaycke Rajandiran
Sarcosine is a known substrate of proton-coupled amino acid transporters (PAT), which are overexpressed in selected tissues and solid tumors. Sarcosine, an N-methyl derivative of the amino acid glycine and a metabolic product of choline, plays an important role for prostate cancer aggressiveness and progression. Methods: Carbon-11 radiolabeled sarcosine ((11)C-sarcosine) was tested as a new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging probe in comparison with (11)C-choline in two prostate cancer tumor xenograft models (DU-145 and PC-3)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267448/imaging-of-prostate-cancer-using-11-c-choline-pet-computed-tomography
#3
REVIEW
Paolo Castellucci, Francesco Ceci, Stefano Fanti
This article reviews the role of (11)C-choline-PET/computed tomography (CT) in patients with prostate cancer for diagnosis, staging, and restaging the disease in case of biochemical recurrence after primary treatment. The main application of this imaging procedure is restaging of the disease in case of biochemical recurrence. (11)C-Choline-PET/CT proved its value for metastases-directed salvage therapies and for monitoring therapy response in castration-resistant patients. Prostate-specific antigen and prostate-specific antigen kinetics values confirmed their correlation with (11)C-choline PET/CT sensitivity...
April 2017: PET Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258616/focal-salvage-hifu-in-radiorecurrent-prostate-cancer
#4
A Kanthabalan, M Peters, M Van Vulpen, N McCartan, R G Hindley, A Emara, M C Moore, M Arya, M Emberton, H U Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To assess short to medium term cancer control rates and side effects of focal salvage High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective registry analysis identified 150 men who underwent focal salvage HIFU (Sonablate 500) (November 2006-August 2015). Metastatic disease was excluded using the nodal assessment on the pelvic MRI, a radioisotope bone scan and PET imaging (choline-FDG-PET or Choline PET-CT). In our current clinical practice, metastatic disease must be ruled out by both Choline PET and bone scan...
March 4, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123863/performance-characteristics-and-relationship-of-psa-value-kinetics-on-carbon-11-acetate-pet-ct-imaging-in-biochemical-relapse-of-prostate-cancer
#5
Fabio D Almeida, Chi-Kwan Yen, Mark C Scholz, Richard Y Lam, Jeffrey Turner, Larry L Bans, Robert Lipson
An elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level alone cannot distinguish between local-regional recurrences and distant metastases after treatment with curative intent. With available salvage treatments, it has become important to localize the site of recurrence. (11)C-Acetate PET/CT was performed in patients with rising PSA, with statistical analysis of detection rates, sites/location of detection, PSA kinetics and comparison with other tracers (FDG and Choline). Correlation to biopsy, subsequent imaging and PSA response to focal treatment was also performed...
2017: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005153/-significance-of-psma-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#6
C Gasch, C Düwel, K Kopka, C Kratochwil, M Vinsensia, M Eiber, T Maurer, U Haberkorn, B Hadaschik, F L Giesel
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies of men in developed countries. To improve clinical diagnostics of PCa, (68)Ga-PSMA-11 was recently introduced as a new PET tracer. (68)Ga-PSMA-11 is able to specifically bind to the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), which is upregulated on the surface of prostate cancer cells in most patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the current significance of (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET imaging in prostate cancer in relation to staging of men with initial diagnosis, biochemical recurrence and metastatic disease...
January 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920703/-11-c-choline-avid-but-18-f-fdg-nonavid-prostate-cancer-with-lymph-node-metastases-on-positron-emission-tomography
#7
Kazuhiro Kitajima, Kazuhito Fukushima, Shingo Yamamoto, Toshiko Yamano, Haruyuki Takaki, Koichiro Yamakado, Yukako Nakanishi, Akihiro Kanematsu, Michio Nojima, Shozo Hirota
Choline is a new positron emission tomography (PET) tracer useful for detection of prostate cancer and metastatic lesions. We report a 70-year-old man with prostate cancer and multiple abdominal, pelvic, and inguinal node metastases. PET scans demonstrated accumulation of (11)C-choline in the primary tumor and lymph node metastases but no accumulation of (18)F-FDG. Choline PET/computed tomography may be useful for diagnosis of advanced prostate cancer with suspected metastatic lesions and treatment planning...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914899/reply-from-authors-re-alberto-bossi-nicolas-mottet-pierre-blanchard-choline-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-selection-of-patients-for-salvage-strategies-after-primary-local-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-and-rising-prostate-specific-antigen
#8
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825431/pet-tracers-beyond-fdg-in-prostate-cancer
#9
REVIEW
David M Schuster, Cristina Nanni, Stefano Fanti
Conventional anatomical imaging with CT and MRI has limitations in the evaluation of prostate cancer. PET is a powerful imaging technique, which can be directed toward molecular targets as diverse as glucose metabolism, density of prostate-specific membrane antigen receptors, and skeletal osteoblastic activity. Although 2-deoxy-2-(18)F-FDG-PET is the mainstay of molecular imaging, FDG has limitations in typically indolent prostate cancer. Yet, there are many useful and emerging PET tracers beyond FDG, which provide added value...
November 2016: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796820/whole-body-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-wb-dw-mri-vs-choline-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-choline-pet-ct-for-selecting-treatments-in-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#10
A J Conde-Moreno, G Herrando-Parreño, R Muelas-Soria, J Ferrer-Rebolleda, R Broseta-Torres, M P Cozar-Santiago, F García-Piñón, C Ferrer-Albiach
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of whole-body diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (WB-DW-MRI) in detecting metastases by comparing the results with those from choline-positron emission tomography-computed tomography (choline-PET/CT) in patients with biochemical relapse after primary treatment, and no metastases in bone scintigraphy, CT and/or pelvic MRI, or metastatic/oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa). Patients with this disease profile who could benefit from treatment with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) were selected and their responses to these techniques were rated...
October 31, 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694174/evaluation-of-prostate-cancer-with-radiolabeled-amino-acid-analogs
#11
David M Schuster, Cristina Nanni, Stefano Fanti
Conventional imaging of prostate cancer has limitations related to the frequently indolent biology of the disease. PET is a functional imaging method that can exploit various aspects of tumor biology to enable greater detection of prostate cancer than can be provided by morphologic imaging alone. Radiotracers that are in use or under investigation for targeting salient features of prostate cancer include those directed to glucose, choline, acetate, prostate-specific membrane antigen, bombesin, and amino acids...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694172/evaluation-of-prostate-cancer-with-11c-choline-pet-ct-for-treatment-planning-response-assessment-and-prognosis
#12
Francesco Ceci, Paolo Castellucci, Paola Mapelli, Elena Incerti, Maria Picchio, Stefano Fanti
The aim of this review is to report on the value of (11)C-choline PET imaging as a diagnostic procedure for metastasis-directed therapies. Furthermore, the role of (11)C-choline PET/CT as a diagnostic tool for monitoring castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with systematic therapy is assessed. Finally, the role of (11)C-choline PET/CT in the prediction of survival in both castration-resistant prostate cancer patients and hormone-naïve patients is investigated.
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694169/evaluation-of-prostate-cancer-with-11c-and-18f-choline-pet-ct-diagnosis-and-initial-staging
#13
Sascha Nitsch, Oliver W Hakenberg, Martin Heuschkel, Desiree Dräger, Guido Hildebrandt, Bernd J Krause, Sarah M Schwarzenböck
Early diagnosis and adequate staging are crucial for the choice of adequate treatment in prostate cancer (PC). Morphologic and functional imaging modalities, such as CT and MRI, have had limited accuracy in the diagnosis and nodal staging of PC. Molecular PET/CT imaging with (11)C- or (18)F-choline-labeled derivatives is increasingly being used, but its role in the diagnosis and initial staging of PC is controversial because of limitations in sensitivity and specificity for the detection of primary PC. For T staging, functional MRI is superior to (11)C- or (18)F-choline PET/CT...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660552/synthesis-isolation-and-purification-of-11-c-choline
#14
Marcin Szydło, Michał Jadwiński, Agnieszka Chmura, Kamil Gorczewski, Maria Sokół
[(11)C]-choline is an effective PET tracer used for imaging of neoplastic lesions and metastases of the prostate cancer. However, its production can be a challenge for manufacturers, as it has not yet been described in Polish or European pharmacopoeia. In this study the technical aspects of [(11)C]-choline production are described and detailed process parameters are provided. The quality control procedures for releasing [(11)C]-choline as solutio iniectabilis are also presented. The purity and quality of the radiopharmaceutical obtained according to the proposed method were find to be high enough to safely administrate the radiopharmaceutical to patients...
2016: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638826/-pulmonary-granulomatous-diseases-and-pulmonary-manifestations-of-systemic-granulomatous-disease-including-tuberculosis-and-nontuberculous-mycobacteriosis
#15
S Piel, M Kreuter, F Herth, H-U Kauczor, C-P Heußel
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Granulomas as signs of specific inflammation of the lungs are found in various diseases with pulmonary manifestations and represent an important imaging finding. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The standard imaging modality for the work-up of granulomatous diseases of the lungs is most often thin-slice computed tomography (CT). There are a few instances, e. g. tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and silicosis, where a chest radiograph still plays an important role...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601051/cancer-specific-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-recurrent-prostate-cancer-who-underwent-salvage-extended-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection
#16
Daniar K Osmonov, Alexey V Aksenov, David Trick, Carsten M Naumann, Moritz F Hamann, Amr Abou Faddan, Klaus-Peter Jünemann
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) recurrence who underwent salvage extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND), taking into consideration pre- and postoperative androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: Salvage ePLND was performed in a cohort of 54 patients with PCa recurrence, and data from 45 patients were analyzed. The indications for salvage ePLND were biochemical recurrence (BCR) of PCa and suspect findings on (11)C-choline PET/CT...
September 6, 2016: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557844/comparison-of-68-ga-labelled-psma-11-and-11-c-choline-in-the-detection-of-prostate-cancer-metastases-by-pet-ct
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Johannes Schwenck, Hansjoerg Rempp, Gerald Reischl, Stephan Kruck, Arnulf Stenzl, Konstantin Nikolaou, Christina Pfannenberg, Christian la Fougère
PURPOSE: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is expressed ubiquitously on the membrane of most prostate tumors and its metastasis. While PET/CT using (11)C-choline was considered as the gold standard in the staging of prostate cancer, PET with radiolabelled PSMA ligands was introduced into the clinic in recent years. Our aim was to compare the PSMA ligand (68)Ga-PSMA-11 with (11)C-choline in patients with primary and recurrent prostate cancer. METHODS: 123 patients underwent a whole-body PET/CT examination using (68)Ga-PSMA-11 and (11)C-choline...
January 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548229/-18-f-fet-pet-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-pilot-study
#18
Martin Krakauer, Andreas Kjaer, Finn N Bennedbæk
Preoperative localisation of the diseased parathyroid gland(s) in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) is a prerequisite for subsequent minimally invasive surgery. Recently, as alternatives to conventional sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy, the (11)C-based positron emission tomography (PET) tracers methionine and choline have shown promise for this purpose. We evaluated the feasibility of using the (18)F-based PET tracer fluoroethyl-l-tyrosine (FET), as the longer half-life of (18)F makes it logistically more favourable...
August 17, 2016: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467137/rapidly-changing-landscape-of-pet-ct-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#19
Joshua J Morigi, S Fanti, D Murphy, Michael S Hofman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: PET/CT imaging in men with prostate cancer (PCa) is rapidly growing as clinicians are becoming aware of its possible fundamental role in the diagnostic flow chart of these patients. As this technology becomes more available worldwide, a considerable number of scientific studies are focusing on specific clinical scenarios and novel PET radiopharmaceuticals that might assist improving early diagnosis and shifting to a truly tailored treatment for PCa. This review focuses on the most recent and important publications in PET/CT imaging of PCa...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449262/contemporary-mapping-of-post-prostatectomy-prostate-cancer-relapse-with-11-c-choline-positron-emission-tomography-and-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Ilya Sobol, Harras B Zaid, Rimki Haloi, Lance A Mynderse, Adam T Froemming, Val J Lowe, Brian J Davis, Eugene D Kwon, R Jeffrey Karnes
PURPOSE: We identify sites and patterns of cancer recurrence in patients with post-prostatectomy biochemical relapse using (11)C-choline positron emission tomography/computerized tomography and endorectal coil multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and June 2015, 2,466 men underwent choline positron emission tomography for suspected prostate cancer relapse at our institution. Of these men 202 did not receive hormone or radiation therapy, underwent imaging with choline positron emission tomography and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, and were found to have disease recurrence...
January 2017: Journal of Urology
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