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Ultrasound msk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830280/ultrasound-examination-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-diseases-and-neonatal-spine
#1
REVIEW
Alka Sudhir Karnik, Alpana Karnik, Alpana Joshi
Ultrasound (US) is a simple, non-invasive imaging modality which allows high-resolution imaging of the musculoskeletal (MSK) system. Its increasing popularity in pediatrics is due to the fact that it does not involve radiation, has an ability to visualize non-ossified cartilaginous and vascular structures, allows dynamic imaging and quick contralateral comparison. US is the primary imaging modality in some pediatric MSK conditions like infant hip in developmental dysplasia (DDH), hip joint effusion, epiphyseal trauma and evaluation of the neonatal spine...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163811/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-ureteroscopic-laser-papillotomy-to-treat-intraductal-papillary-calculi-associated-with-medullary-sponge-kidney
#2
Gang Xu, Jiaming Wen, Bohan Wang, Zhongyi Li, Chuanjun Du
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and durability of ureteroscopic laser papillotomy for the treatment of radiographically visible intraductal papillary calculi and/or free collecting system calculi associated with medullary sponge kidney (MSK). METHODS: The medical records of 25 MSK patients who underwent ureteroscopic laser papillotomy were reviewed at our institution from 2010 to 2013. The follow-up was made in our outpatient department. Pain was assessed using a standard verbal analog pain scale...
September 2015: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25533819/complication-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-8-025-cases-in-china
#3
Jianxing Li, Bo Xiao, Weiguo Hu, Bo Yang, Liang Chen, Hao Hu, Xiaofeng Wang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was mostly performed with fluoroscopy and/or ultrasonography. The safety and feasibility of PCNL performed totally under ultrasound are not clearly defined. Therefore, we introduce the 9-year experience of 8 025 ultrasound guided PCNL procedures from multiple centers in China performed by the same surgeon, to evaluate the feasibility and security of this technique. METHODS: From September 2004 to August 2013, 8 025 cases, 4 398 males (54...
2014: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25346103/familial-mixed-nephrocalcinosis-as-a-cause-of-chronic-kidney-failure-two-case-reports
#4
Pedro Francisco Ferraz de Arruda, Márcio Gatti, José Germano Ferraz de Arruda, Fernando Nestor Fácio, Luis Cesar Fava Spessoto, Laísa Ferraz de Arruda, José Maria Pereira de Godoy, Moacir Fernandes Godoy
INTRODUCTION: Nephrocalcinosis consists of the deposition of calcium salts in the renal parenchyma and is considered the mixed form when it involves the renal cortex and medulla. The main etiological agents of this condition are primary hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis, medullary sponge kidney, hyperoxaluria and taking certain drugs. These factors can lead to hypercalcemia and/or hypercalciuria, which can give rise to nephrocalcinosis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Patient 1 was a 48-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of bilateral nephrocalcinosis causing chronic kidney failure...
October 27, 2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23860485/a-rare-case-of-congenital-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-combined-with-medullary-sponge-kidney
#5
ZhiQun Zhang, YaLi Liu, MingJuan Dai, XianMei Huang
Distal renal tubular acidosis combined with medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is not uncommon in adults, but is rare in infants. We report a 13-month-old boy with MSK who had features of distal renal tubular acidosis (nephrocalcinosis, hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia) and failed to thrive. Renal ultrasound revealed bilateral increased medullary echogenicity and nephrocalcinosis. Bilateral medullary nephrocalcinosis in the ultrasound was the first sign that alerted our pediatrician to the presence of MSK in infants...
2014: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23364586/evidence-for-inheritance-of-medullary-sponge-kidney
#6
COMMENT
David S Goldfarb
Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is associated with recurrent calcium stones. Gambaro's group evaluated the relatives of probands with MSK. When prior imaging was not available, they performed renal ultrasounds. They demonstrated familial clustering, providing the best evidence yet that MSK is a heritable disorder. Although a small proportion of MSK cases are associated with variants of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), the genetic basis for most instances of MSK is not known.
February 2013: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21491822/coexistence-of-medullary-sponge-kidney-and-ulcerative-colitis-in-the-same-patient-long-term-follow-up
#7
J K Triantafillidis, G Malgarinos, Ch Iatrou, A Hatzivassiliou, G Peros
We describe a female patient with ulcerative colitis since the age of 17, who was accidentally diagnosed as having medullary sponge kidney 3 years after the establishment of diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. The diagnosis of renal disease was based on the typical appearance of both kidneys on abdominal ultrasound examination and on IV pyelography findings. All other well-known causes of medullary sponge kidney were excluded on the basis of the relevant laboratory investigation. So far, the patient experienced only one episode of urinary infection but no renal colic...
April 2009: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21448517/-anatomical-alterations-in-patients-with-nephrolithiasis
#8
Luis Alberto Batista Peres, José Roberto Leonel Ferreira, Ana Paula Kazue Beppu, Everaldo Roberto de Araújo Junior, Gustavo Vicenzi, Ricardo Yukiharu Tsuge Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Nephrolithiasis is a multifactorial disease related to genetic disorders and environmental factors. Kidney stones are more common in adults and are associated with several metabolic and anatomical disorders. The major anatomical abnormalities, such as obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction, horseshoe kidney, complete or incomplete duplicated ureter, bifid pelvis, and medullary sponge kidney, are known to be responsible for stone formation. The objective of this study is to evaluate anatomical alterations in patients with nephrolithiasis in our region...
March 2010: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20721261/-standard-tract-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-accessed-by-two-step-dilation-for-3052-patients
#9
Bo Yang, Jian-xing Li, Wei-guo Hu, Xiao-bo Huang, Xiao-feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and morbidity of 24F-tract percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) accessed by two-step dilation. METHODS: A total of 3052 patients with 3 366 kidneys or upper ureter calculi underwent 24F-tract PNL accessed by two-step dilation between Aug., 2003 and Jan., 2008, including 108 patients with solitary kidney, 68 with kidney cysts, 44 with horseshoe kidney, 26 with vertebral column deformity, 24 with medullary sponge kidney and 1 transplanted kidney...
August 18, 2010: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19830120/medullary-sponge-kidney-presenting-in-a-neonate-with-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-and-failure-to-thrive-a-case-report
#10
Mohamed El-Sawi, Abdul-Rahman Shahein
INTRODUCTION: Medullary sponge kidney is a congenital anomaly characterized by diffuse ectasy of the collecting tubules of one or both kidneys. It is usually diagnosed in the second or third decade of life. CASE PRESENTATION: Distal renal tubular acidosis is commonly observed in patients with medullary sponge kidney. We describe here a 50-day-old Egyptian Caucasian girl with medullary sponge kidney who had features of distal renal tubular acidosis, (persistent alkaline urine, hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia) and failure to thrive...
2009: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17849153/rabson-mendenhall-syndrome-medullary-sponge-kidney-a-new-component
#11
Andrew M Harris, Bryan Hall, Vesna M Kriss, John L Fowlkes, Stefan G Kiessling
Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by severe insulin resistance, extreme hyperinsulinemia, postprandial hyperglycemia, growth retardation, and dysmorphisms. Enlargement of the kidneys and nephrocalcinosis have been described previously. We report a 10-year-old boy who presented with gross hematuria, unilateral hydronephrosis, and the initial diagnosis of bilateral extensive medullary nephrocalcinosis. Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) was included in the differential diagnosis given the ultrasound findings...
December 2007: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16771946/is-congenital-hepatic-fibrosis-a-pure-liver-disease
#12
Ozlem Yönem, Nihal Ozkayar, Ferhun Balkanci, Ozgür Harmanci, Cenk Sökmensüer, Osman Ersoy, Yusuf Bayraktar
OBJECTIVES: An association between congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) and several different conditions is being increasingly recognized. We aimed to investigate, prospectively, these associated disorders and the clinical consequences for patients with CHF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CHF was diagnosed using liver biopsy, abdominal ultrasound (US), Doppler US, upper endoscopy, and abdominal computed tomography (CT) in 19 patients (13 women, 6 men). CT portography and splenoportography with digital subtraction angiography were performed if indicated...
June 2006: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16229212/-nephronophthisis-and-medullary-cystic-kidney-disease-complex
#13
Marijana Stanisić, Rajko Hrvacević, Zoran Paunić, Stanko Petrović
BACKGROUND: Nephronophthisis and medullary cystic kidney disease complex refers to the genetic heterogeneous group of inherited tubulointerstital nephritis. Nephronophthisis comprises at last 3 clinical manifestations, has the autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance, appears early in life and is the most frequent inherited kidney disease that causes terminal renal failure in childhood, while medullary cystic kidney disease has the autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, is less frequent, and terminal renal failure appears later in life...
September 2005: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11223745/extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-ureteral-and-kidney-malformations
#14
M Gallucci, A Vincenzoni, M Schettini, P Fortunato, A Cassanelli, A Zaccara
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) has long been accepted worldwide in the treatment of kidney stone disease. Upper ureter calculi in ureteral and kidney malformations are rather frequent (10-25%). The aims of this retrospective study were to determine whether malformations might impair fragment expulsion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1986 to 1995, 203 patients with ureteral and kidney malformations were treated and followed up for a minimum of 1 year to a maximum of 9 years...
2001: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11182333/significance-of-hematuria-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-review-of-radiographic-and-endoscopic-findings
#15
C M Gomes, R F Sánchez-Ortiz, C Harris, A J Wein, E S Rovner
OBJECTIVES: Hematuria may be found in up to 30% of patients with interstitial cystitis (IC). However, few studies have described its etiology based on the findings of a complete evaluation. We reviewed the clinical significance of hematuria in the setting of IC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 148 patients fulfilling the National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases inclusion criteria for IC. Patients with gross or microscopic hematuria were identified...
February 2001: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9162340/-milk-of-calcium-renal-stone-echographic-diagnosis
#16
G Virgili, P Rosi, F Tamburro, M Valitutti, F Torelli, G Vespasiani, M Porena
"Milk of calcium renal stone" (liquid renal calculosis) is a quite uncommon lithiasis distinguished by the presence of a semiliquid suspension of calcium salts or a "seed-like" sediment in a caliceal diverticulum or an ectasia segment of the collecting system. We reviewed 5 patients (1 male and 4 females, mean age 48.6 years), with a history of urinary tract infection, renal pain or haematuria. All patients underwent renal ultrasonographic assessment in both clinostatic and orthostatic position. Three patients underwent intravenous pyelography before ultrasound...
December 1996: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7985664/hypertension-in-pregnancy-the-incidence-of-underlying-renal-disease-and-essential-hypertension
#17
L Reiter, M A Brown, J A Whitworth
The objective of this study was to ascertain the likelihood of underlying renal disease or essential hypertension in women diagnosed antepartum as having pre-eclampsia. One hundred eighty-six women (antepartum diagnosis of pre-eclampsia in 87 women and gestational hypertension, also known as "mild pre-eclampsia" by other definitions, in 99 women) in whom no underlying disorder was apparent during pregnancy or the early puerperium were entered into the study. Women were reviewed between 3 and 60 months postpartum...
December 1994: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2678257/hyperechoic-medulla-of-the-kidneys
#18
K Toyoda, Y Miyamoto, M Ida, S Tada, M Utsunomiya
Eighteen patients were identified in whom ultrasound (US) of the kidney demonstrated a hyperechoic medulla. Diagnoses in the patients included gout in seven; Sjögren syndrome in two; medullary sponge kidney in two; primary aldosteronism in two; and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, glycogen storage disease type XI, Wilson disease, and pseudo-Bartter syndrome in one each. The pathogenesis of the echogenicity was evaluated by comparing the findings from computed tomography and conventional radiography...
November 1989: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1887027/hyperechoic-renal-medullary-pyramids-in-infants-and-children
#19
P K Shultz, J L Strife, C F Strife, J D McDaniel
Fifty-five children (34 boys, 21 girls; age range, 1 day to 18 years) with increased echogenicity of the renal medullary pyramids at ultrasound evaluation were identified. The clinical diagnoses associated with hyperechoic medullary pyramids could be separated based on the presence or absence of hypercalciuria. Patients with drug-induced hypercalciuria included 10 infants treated with furosemide, two treated with long-term steroid therapy, and one treated with excessive amounts of vitamin D. Other clinical conditions associated with hypercalciuria included renal tubular acidosis (n = 10), Bartter syndrome (n = 5), hyperparathyroidism (n = 3), Williams syndrome (n = 2) and medullary sponge kidney (n = 2)...
October 1991: Radiology
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