keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Accidents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944980/failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-a-community-practice-perspective
#1
Bradley W Schuller, Angi Burns, Elizabeth A Ceilley, Alan King, Joan LeTourneau, Alexander Markovic, Lynda Sterkel, Brigid Taplin, Jennifer Wanner, Jeffrey M Albert
PURPOSE: To report our early experiences with failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) in a community practice setting. METHODS: The FMEA facilitator received extensive training at the AAPM Summer School. Early efforts focused on department education and emphasized the need for process evaluation in the context of high profile radiation therapy accidents. A multidisciplinary team was assembled with representation from each of the major department disciplines. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) was identified as the most appropriate treatment technique for the first FMEA evaluation, as it is largely self-contained and has the potential to produce high impact failure modes...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943445/the-effects-of-cissampelos-pareira-extract-on-envenomation-induced-by-bothropsdiporus-snake-venom
#2
Bárbara Ricciardi Verrastro, Ana Maria Torres, Gabriela Ricciardi, Pamela Teibler, Silvana Maruñak, Chiara Barnaba, Roberto Larcher, Giorgio Nicolini, Eduardo Dellacassa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ophidian accidents are a serious public health problem in Argentina; the Bothrops species is responsible for 97% of these accidents, and in particular, B. diporus is responsible for 80% of them. In the northeast of the country (Corrientes Provinces), Cissampelos pareira L. (Menispermaceae) is commonly used against the venom of B. diporus; its use is described in almost all ethnobotanical literature from countries where the plant grows,. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, the in vitro and in vivo antivenom activities of C...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942081/environmental-exposure-to-organophosphorus-nerve-agents
#4
REVIEW
Slavica Vucinic, Biljana Antonijevic, Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Loukia Vassilopoulou, Anca Oana Docea, Alexander E Nosyrev, Boris N Izotov, Horst Thiermann, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Dragica Brkic
Exposure to organophosphorus nerve agents, the most deadly chemical warfare agents, is possible in a variety of situations, such as destruction of chemical warfare agents, terrorist attacks, armed conflicts or accidents in research laboratories and storage facilities. Hundreds of thousands of tons of chemical munitions were disposed of at the sea in the post World War II period, with European, Russian, Japanese and US coasts being the most affected. Sulfur mustard, Lewisite and nerve agents appear to be the most frequently chemical warfare agents disposed of at the sea...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941968/popliteal-pseudoaneurysm-and-arteriovenous-fistula-after-arthroscopic-anterior-and-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#5
Ding Xu, Liefeng Ji, Jiang Zhu, Yuefeng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Vascular injuries are a well recognised but very rare complication of surgery or trauma around the knee, especially associated with arthroscopic anterior and posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report describes a case of a Popliteal pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula after Arthroscopic anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. An 57-year-old male who complained of pain and swelling around the left lower extremity after the ACL and PCL reconstruction using a semitendinosus graft from the two limbs caused by bicycle accident...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941556/subgaleal-hematoma-at-the-contralateral-side-of-scalp-trauma-in-an-adult
#6
Ching-En Chen, Zen-Zhon Liao, Yen-Heng Lee, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Chi-Kao Tang, Yi-Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and children. According to previous cases, the etiology of SGH includes mild head trauma, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, contusion, and hair braiding or pulling. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old healthy worker came to our emergency department (ED) due to scalp lacerations from an accident that caused severe twisting of his hair...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940915/the-life-saving-effect-of-hospital-proximity
#7
Paola Bertoli, Veronica Grembi
We provide a new assessment of the effect of hospital proximity in an emergency situation-road-traffic accidents-exploiting the exogenous variation in the proximity to cities that are legally allowed to have a hospital on the basis of their population size. Our instrumental variable results show that a one-standard-deviation increase in the distance to the nearest hospital (5 km) raises the fatality rate by 13.84% at the sample average. This figure is equal to 0.92 additional deaths per 100 accidents. We show that both ordinary least squares and difference-in-differences estimates, common approaches in the literature, provide a downward-biased measure of the true effect of hospital proximity because they do not fully solve spatial sorting problems...
September 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939936/a-descriptive-study-of-work-ability-and-health-problems-among-brazilian-recyclable-waste-pickers
#8
Nívia Cecília Kruta de Araújo, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
To describe the work ability and health problems among Brazilian recyclable waste pickers. Sixty-one workers answered questionnaires related to the work ability (Work Ability Index-WAI), musculoskeletal problems (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire-NMQ), low back related disability (Roland Morris Questionnaire-RMQ), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-IPAQ), smoking (Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence-FTND), and alcohol use (The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939865/a-replication-study-of-genetic-risk-loci-for-ischemic-stroke-in-a-dutch-population-a-case-control-study
#9
Allard J Hauer, Sara L Pulit, Leonard H van den Berg, Paul I W de Bakker, Jan H Veldink, Ynte M Ruigrok
We aimed to replicate reported associations of 10 SNPs at eight distinct loci with overall ischemic stroke (IS) and its subtypes in an independent cohort of Dutch IS patients. We included 1,375 IS patients enrolled in a prospective multicenter hospital-based cohort in the Netherlands, and 1,533 population-level controls of Dutch descent. We tested these SNPs for association with overall IS and its subtypes (large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel disease and cardioembolic stroke (CE), as classified by TOAST) using an additive multivariable logistic regression model, adjusting for age and sex...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938431/association-of-thyroid-function-with-maternal-and-neonatal-homocysteine-concentrations
#10
Mirjana Barjaktarovic, Eric A P Steegers, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Yolanda B de Rijke, Theo J Visser, Tim I M Korevaar, Robin P Peeters
Context: High homocysteine concentrations are associated with maternal pregnancy complications and low birth weight, jaundice and cerebrovascular accidents in neonates. Thyroid hormone may interfere with homocysteine metabolism via stimulation of vitamin B12- and folate-dependent processes and via effects on enzymes of the re-methylation pathway. Objective: Investigating the associations of maternal and neonatal thyroid function with homocysteine during pregnancy and after delivery, respectively...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937458/transpedicular-corpectomy-and-cage-placement-in-the-treatment-of-traumatic-lumbar-burst-fractures
#11
Martin H Pham, Alexander Tuchman, Thomas C Chen, Frank L Acosta, Patrick C Hsieh, John C Liu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To review the feasibility of a posterior-only approach for instrumented reconstruction in lumbar burst fractures. BACKGROUND: Burst fractures of the lumbar spine have been treated through a variety of techniques, including anterior, posterior, or combined approaches. Here we review series of patients undergoing posterior-only transpedicular corpectomy with instrumented fusion for traumatic lumbar burst fracture...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#12
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936967/-effect-of-sedation-on-respiratory-function-of-patients-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation
#13
Jie Yang, Yan Kang
Sedation and analgesia for ventilated patients is an important treatment in intensive care unit (ICU). Patients receiving mechanical ventilation therapy comfortably and safely can improve patient-ventilator synchrony, reduce ventilation-related lung injury (VILI), improve compliance, decrease oxygen consumption and stress, prevent accidents, and reduce the incidence of complications and mortality in critical patients. Although sedation may protect lung function, it also has a greater impact on respiratory function...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934703/an-empirical-bayes-before-after-evaluation-of-road-safety-effects-of-a-new-motorway-in-norway
#14
Rune Elvik, Heidi Ulstein, Kristina Wifstad, Ragnhild S Syrstad, Aase R Seeberg, Magnus U Gulbrandsen, Morten Welde
This paper presents an Empirical Bayes before-after evaluation of the road safety effects of a new motorway (freeway) in Østfold county, Norway. The before-period was 1996-2002. The after-period was 2009-2015. The road was rebuilt from an undivided two-lane road into a divided four-lane road. The number of killed or seriously injured road users was reduced by 75 percent, controlling for (downward) long-term trends and regression-to-the-mean (statistically significant at the 5 percent level; recorded numbers 71 before, 11 after)...
September 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934673/an-analysis-of-chemicals-and-other-constituents-found-in-produced-water-from-hydraulically-fractured-wells-in-california-and-the-challenges-for-wastewater-management
#15
Emily A Chittick, Tanja Srebotnjak
As high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HF) has grown substantially in the United States over the past decade, so has the volume of produced water (PW), i.e., briny water brought to the surface as a byproduct of oil and gas production. According to a recent study (Groundwater Protection Council, 2015), more than 21 billion barrels of PW were generated in 2012. In addition to being high in TDS, PW may contain hydrocarbons, PAH, alkylphenols, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), metals, and other organic and inorganic substances...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933559/-parallel-investigations-of-blood-and-alveolar-air-in-the-diagnosis-of-lethal-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#16
Miroslav Bauer, Jiřina Bauerová, Peter Očko, Jozef Šidlo
Carbon monoxide poisonings are the most frequent among fatal gas and volatile substances intoxications. The authors present diagnostic options of fatal carbon monoxide poisoning by parallel blood investigations for the content of karbonylhaemoglobin and determining of the concentration of carbon monoxide in the alveolar air. The analysis of 160 cases of lethal poisonings with carbon monoxide over a period of 20 years was carried out. The cases were divided into subgroups according to the place of death to poisonings in flats, garages, bathrooms, in fires, road traffic accidents and mining accidents...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933307/the-role-of-xanthine-oxidase-inhibitors-in-patients-with-history-of-stroke-a-systematic-review
#17
Sara R Britnell, Kelly A Chillari, Jamie N Brown
BACKGROUND: Xanthine oxidase inhibitors are commonly used to lower uric acid levels in patients with gout. Due to their effects on endothelial function, they have also been investigated for possible benefits for patients with cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of xanthine oxidase inhibitors in the treatment of patients with history of stroke. METHODS: MEDLINE (1946-June 2017) and EMBASE (1947-June 2017) were queried using the search terms: "allopurinol" OR "febuxostat" OR "xanthine oxidase inhibitor" OR "xanthine oxidase/antagonists and inhibitors" AND "stroke" OR "cerebral infarction" OR "cerebrovascular accident"...
September 19, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932703/imaging-in-traumatic-mandibular-fractures
#18
REVIEW
Adil Naeem, Hugo Gemal, Duncan Reed
A fracture of the mandible is a common trauma presentation amongst young males and represents one of the most frequently encountered fractured bones within the viscerocranium. Historically, assault was the dominant contributing factor but now due to the increased number of vehicles used per capita, motor vehicle accidents are the primary cause. Mandibular fractures can be classified anatomically, by dentition, by muscle group and by severity. The fracture may also be closed, open, comminuted, displaced or pathological...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932269/evaluation-and-performance-of-a-newly-developed-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-a-clinical-study-population
#19
Leticia Delgado-Herrera, Kathryn Lasch, Bernhardt Zeiher, Anthony J Lembo, Douglas A Drossman, Benjamin Banderas, Kathleen Rosa, Christopher Lademacher, Rob Arbuckle
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the newly developed seven-item Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Diarrhea predominant (IBS-D) Daily Symptom Diary and four-item Event Log using phase II clinical trial safety and efficacy data in patients with IBS-D. This instrument measures diarrhea (stool frequency and stool consistency), abdominal pain related to IBS-D (stomach pain, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps), immediate need to have a bowel movement (immediate need and accident occurrence), bloating, pressure, gas, and incomplete evacuation...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931465/chronic-radiation-exposure-as-an-ecological-factor-hypermethylation-and-genetic-differentiation-in-irradiated-scots-pine-populations
#20
P Yu Volkova, S A Geras'kin, N Horemans, E S Makarenko, E Saenen, G T Duarte, R Nauts, V S Bondarenko, G Jacobs, S Voorspoels, M Kudin
Genetic and epigenetic changes were investigated in chronically irradiated Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations from territories that were heavily contaminated by radionuclides as result of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident. In comparison to the reference site, the genetic diversity revealed by electrophoretic mobility of AFLPs was found to be significantly higher at the radioactively contaminated areas. In addition, the genome of pine trees was significantly hypermethylated at 4 of the 7 affected sites...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
keyword
keyword
79935
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"