keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Accidents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777885/posttraumatic-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-associated-with-an-upper-cervical-meningeal-diverticulum
#1
Noriya Enomoto, Hideo Mure, Toshiyuki Okazaki, Mai Azumi, Shinya Okita, Shinji Nagahiro, Yasushi Takagi
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) has been increasingly recognized as a phenomenon caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks; however, its pathogenesis is still unclear. Here, we report two cases of SIH as a result of CSF leak from a meningeal diverticulum at the C2 nerve root sleeve. The first case is that of a 46-year-old man who had suffered from orthostatic headache after a bicycle accident at age 45. Computed tomography (CT) myelography revealed CSF leaks at the C1/2 level. He underwent epidural blood patch (EBP) therapy, but it was unsuccessful...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777771/assessing-the-longer-term-effects-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-self-reported-driving-ability
#2
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may have long-term cognitive and functional consequences, and recent mTBI is associated with impaired performance on measures related to driving ability. However, it remains unclear whether prior mTBI history is associated with poorer driving performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine the longer-term effects of mTBI on self-reported driving ability. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online...
May 16, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776861/acceptability-and-functionality-of-the-kettle-strap-an-attempt-to-decrease-kettle-related-burns-in-children
#3
Obakeng Makhubalo, Dorothy Schulman, Heinz Rode, Sharon Cox
BACKGROUND: Extensive hot water burns (HWB) are common at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH). The majority are caused by kettle scalds. These burn injuries usually affect toddlers living in poor socio-economic circumstances. The majority of these injuries are preventable. AIM: This trial aims to demonstrate the acceptability and functionality of the Kettle Strap as a kettle safety device. The feedback will be used for a public awareness program marketed by the Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Southern Africa and ChildSafe as part of their mandate to reduce kettle related thermal injuries...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776583/reducing-workplace-accidents-through-the-use-of-leadership-interventions-a-quasi-experimental-field-study
#4
Sharon Clarke, Ian Taylor
There is increasing evidence to suggest that leaders need to use a combination of leader behaviors to successfully improve safety, including both transformational and transactional styles, but there has been limited testing of this idea. We developed a leadership intervention, based on supervisor training in both transformational and active transactional behaviors, and implemented it with supervisors at a UK-based chemical processing company. The study found that the supervisory training intervention led to significant improvements in perceived employee safety climate, over an eight-week period, relative to the comparison group...
May 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776532/worker-safety-and-injury-severity-analysis-of-earthmoving-equipment-accidents
#5
Emrah Kazan, Mumtaz A Usmen
INTRODUCTION: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776525/ability-to-monitor-driving-under-the-influence-of-marijuana-among-non-fatal-motor-vehicle-crashes-an-evaluation-of-the-colorado-electronic-accident-reporting-system
#6
Alexis B Peterson, Erin K Sauber-Schatz, Karin A Mack
INTRODUCTION: As more states legalize medical/recreational marijuana use, it is important to determine if state motor-vehicle surveillance systems can effectively monitor and track driving under the influence (DUI) of marijuana. This study assessed Colorado's Department of Revenue motor-vehicle crash data system, Electronic Accident Reporting System (EARS), to monitor non-fatal crashes involving driving under the influence (DUI) of marijuana. METHODS: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines on surveillance system evaluation were used to assess EARS' usefulness, flexibility, timeliness, simplicity, acceptability, and data quality...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776431/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-methods-using-hospital-medical-records-a-case-study-in-vietnam
#7
Hong Thi Tran, Hoa Phuong Nguyen, Sue M Walker, Peter S Hill, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Information on causes of death (COD) is crucial for measuring the health outcomes of populations and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. In many countries such as Vietnam where the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system is dysfunctional, information on vital events will continue to rely on verbal autopsy (VA) methods. This study assesses the validity of VA methods used in Vietnam, and provides recommendations on methods for implementing VA validation studies in Vietnam...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775921/toxicological-investigation-in-blood-samples-from-suspected-impaired-driving-cases-in-the-milan-area-possible-loss-of-evidence-due-to-late-blood-sampling
#8
Davide Ferrari, Monica Manca, Simone Premaschi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Locatelli
Driving under the influence of illicit drugs (DUID) represents a significant menace to public safety and is therefore sanctioned with severe fines and penalties such as driving disqualification or even arrest in case the accident has caused serious injury or death. In Italy, DUID is regulated by the article 187 of the National Street Code, however, the list of the substances to be searched and their threshold concentrations are left to the 20 Italian regional authorities. A further lack of legislative standardization concerns the type of detection methods and moreover the time gap between the car accident and blood sampling...
May 1, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775914/current-radiological-situation-in-areas-of-ukraine-contaminated-by-the-chernobyl-accident-part-1-human-dietary-exposure-to-caesium-137-and-possible-mitigation-measures
#9
I Labunska, V Kashparov, S Levchuk, D Santillo, P Johnston, S Polishchuk, N Lazarev, Y Khomutinin
This study reports for the first time temporal trends for the period of 2011-2016 in 137 Cs content in cow's milk originating from private farms and households of 14 settlements located in the territories of the Rivne region, Ukraine. These areas are still radioactively contaminated as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) in 1986. In 2016, the average 137 Cs activity concentration in milk exceeded the Ukrainian Permissible Level (PL) for adults of 100 Bq/l in samples from 6 settlements and the PL for children of 40 Bq/l in 8 settlements, reaching activity concentration of around 500 Bq/l in some samples...
May 15, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775843/transfer-of-radionuclides-and-dose-assessment-to-ants-and-anthills-in-a-swedish-forest-ecosystem
#10
K Rosén, L Lenoir, K Stark, M Vinichuk, S Sundell-Bergman
In forest ecosystems soil organisms are important for immobilization, translocation and recycling of radionuclides. Still, there is a lack of studies on the role of insects such as ants in the turnover of radionuclides and how radioactivity affects an ant community. In this study seven anthills were sampled in an area that was heavily contaminated after the fallout from the Chernobyl accident. Samples of ant and anthill materials were taken from different depths of the anthills as well as from the surrounding soil and the activity concentrations of 137 Cs were determined...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775841/cesium-desorption-behavior-of-weathered-biotite-in-fukushima-considering-the-actual-radioactive-contamination-level-of-soils
#11
Hiroki Mukai, Kenji Tamura, Ryosuke Kikuchi, Yoshio Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Yaita, Toshihiro Kogure
For the better understanding of radioactive contamination in Fukushima Prefecture at present and in future, Cs desorption experiments have been conducted mainly using weathered biotite (WB) collected from Fukushima Prefecture and considering the actual contamination level (∼10-10  wt%) of radiocesium in Fukushima Prefecture. In the experiments, 137 Cs sorbed to WB by immersing in 137 Cs solution for one day was mostly desorbed by solutions of 1 M NaNO3 , 1 M LiNO3 , 10-1  M HCl, and 10-1  M HNO3 , although it was barely desorbed by 1 M KNO3 , 1 M CsNO3 , 1 M NH4 NO3 , and natural seawater...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775406/phrase-mining-of-textual-data-to-analyze-extracellular-matrix-protein-patterns-across-cardiovascular-disease
#12
David Alexandre Liem, Sanjana Murali, Dibakar Sigdel, Yu Shi, Xuan Wang, Jiaming Shen, Howard Choi, J Harry Caufield, Wei Wang, Peipei Ping, Jiawei Han
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins have been shown to play important roles regulating multiple biological processes in an array of organ systems, including the cardiovascular system. By using a novel bioinformatics text-mining tool, we studied six categories of cardiovascular disease (CVD), namely ischemic heart disease (IHD), cardiomyopathies (CM), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), congenital heart disease (CHD), arrhythmias (ARR), and valve disease (VD), anticipating novel ECM protein-disease and protein-protein relationships hidden within vast quantities of textual data...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775393/proactive-strategy-for-long-term-biological-research-aimed-at-low-dose-radiation-risk-in-korea
#13
Ki Moon Seong, TaeWoo Kwon, Jina Park, BuHyun Youn, Hyuck-Jin Cha, Yonghwan Kim, Changjong Moon, Seung-Sook Lee, Young Woo Jin
PURPOSE: Since the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, Korean radiation experts have agreed that reliable data on health risks of low-dose radiation (LDR) are needed to ease the anxiety of lay people. The intent of this study was to devise a sustainable biological program suited for the research environment in Korea and aimed at the health effects of radiation exposures <100 millisieverts (mSv). To address pressing public concerns over LDR risk, we investigated the current understanding of LDR effects by analyzing the previous reports of international authorities for radiation protection and research publications that appeared after the Chernobyl accident...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775088/an-assessment-of-the-uk-inpatient-care-for-heart-failure-patients-with-diabetes
#14
Lihua Wu, Jackie Cleator, Mamas Mamas, Christi Deaton
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a common co-morbidity for patients with heart failure. Diabetes as a co-morbidity means that inpatient care should focus on both conditions to maximize the treatment regimen. However, this pressing issue is not widely researched and so it is unclear whether the acute care management needs of these patients are being met. AIMS: (1) To assess the differences in the number of hospital readmissions between patients with heart failure and patients with heart failure-diabetes; (2) to assess the use of integrated care approach for patients with heart failure-diabetes during the index heart failure-related admission; (3) to explore patient experiences of admissions...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774592/risk-factors-for-stroke-on-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#15
Muath Bishawi, Jeremy Joseph, Chetan Patel, Jacob Schroder, Mani Daneshmand, Dawn Bowles, Joseph Rogers, Carmelo Milano
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage heart failure on left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are predisposed to a high incidence of stroke. Preoperative factors associated with increased stroke risk are poorly understood. METHODS: We performed a single-center retrospective review of all patients from 2009 to 2014 in whom a rotary flow LVAD was implanted. All patients with symptoms of a cerebrovascular event underwent a non-contrast head computed tomography scan...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774222/asymmetrical-traumatic-bilateral-hip-dislocations-with-hemodynamic-instability-and-an-unstable-pelvic-ring-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Kai Huang, Grey Giddins, Jian-Fang Zhang, Jian-Wei Lu, Jun-Ming Wan, Peng-Li Zhang, Shao-Yu Zhu
Simultaneous anterior and posterior traumatic dislocations of both hips are very rare. Only 33 cases have been previously reported in the English language literature. Although they were all due to high-energy injuries, they were hemodynamically stable and had a stable pelvic ring. We report a unique case of asymmetrical hip dislocations with an unstable pelvic ring and hemodynamic instability. A 40-year-old man was injured in a high-energy motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable when he presented in the emergency department...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774200/thickening-ligamentum-flavum-mimicking-tumor-in-the-epidural-space-of-the-cervical-spine
#17
Sung Hyun Bae, Dong Wuk Son, O Ik Kwon, Su Hun Lee, Jun Seok Lee, Geun Sung Song
In patients with tumors and spinal cord lesions, inflammation and tissue infection can result in mass effect detection on imaging. As a result, surgical biopsy procedures are often performed on the lesions. We report a rare case in which the thickening ligamentum flavum (LF) appeared to be a tumor in the epidural space of the cervical spine based on imaging findings. A 52-year-old man visited our outpatient clinic with severe shoulder pain and radicular pain in his right arm that had developed gradually after a traffic accident two months earlier...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774197/paraplegia-following-spinal-cord-contusion-from-an-indirect-gunshot-injury
#18
Khuram Khan, Beatrice Dieudonne, Saqib Saeed, Sara Alothman, Yasir Saeed, Sanjiv Gray
Spinal cord injuries are debilitating and life threatening. Paraplegia due to direct traumatic gunshot injury to the spinal cord is common. The most common cause of spinal cord injury is road traffic accidents. This is followed by spinal cord injury due to a fall from a height. Most of the spinal cord injuries due to gunshot wounds occur as a result of direct traumatic effects. We present a rare case of a 49-year-old male with trauma. He developed paraplegia after a gunshot wound injury to the neck and contusion to the spinal cord, with no direct trauma...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773764/degloving-lower-leg-injury-the-importance-of-additional-treatment-negative-pressure-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#19
Piotr Stabryła, Joanna Kulińska, Łukasz Warchoł, Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Wojciech Gaszyński, Bogusław Antoszewski
Degloving injury poses a severe therapeutic challenge concerning both trauma and plastic surgery. The injury involves separation of skin and subcutaneous tissue from fascia and muscles. Treatment is often long-lasting and brings unsatisfying results due to the extent of damage, risk of infection and massive blood loss. In this article, we present the management and therapeutic outcomes of a patient admitted due to the degloving injury of the lower extremity caused by workplace accident. We described the complexity of treatment including surgical intervention as well as additional treatment, which combined brought good esthetic outcome...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773410/corrigendum-to-radiological-impact-of-the-nuclear-power-plant-accident-on-freshwater-fish-in-fukushima-an-overview-of-monitoring-results-journal-of-environmental-radioactivity-volume-151-part-1-january-2016-pages-144-155
#20
Toshihiro Wada, Atsushi Tomiya, Masahiro Enomoto, Toshiyuki Sato, Daigo Morishita, Shigehiko Izumi, Kouji Niizeki, Shunji Suzuki, Takami Morita, Gyo Kawata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
keyword
keyword
79935
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"