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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913797/promoting-gait-recovery-and-limiting-neuropathic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#1
Catherine Mercier, Meyke Roosink, Jason Bouffard, Laurent J Bouyer
Most persons living with a spinal cord injury experience neuropathic pain in the months following their lesion, at the moment where they receive intensive gait rehabilitation. Based on studies using animal models, it has been proposed that central sensitization in nociceptive pathways (maladaptive plasticity) and plasticity related to motor learning (adaptive plasticity) share common neural mechanisms and compete with each other. This article aims to address the discrepancy between the growing body of basic science literature supporting this hypothesis and the general belief in rehabilitation research that pain and gait rehabilitation represent two independent problems...
December 2, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913796/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-assisted-intention-monitoring-for-the-rehabilitation-of-executive-impairments-following-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Fergus Gracey, Jessica E Fish, Eve Greenfield, Andrew Bateman, Donna Malley, Gemma Hardy, Jessica Ingham, Jonathan J Evans, Tom Manly
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can impair executive function, impeding planning and attainment of intentions. Research shows promise for some goal-management rehabilitation interventions. However, evidence that alerts assist monitoring and completion of day-to-day intentions is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of brief goal-directed rehabilitation paired with periodic SMS text messages designed to enhance executive monitoring of intentions (assisted intention monitoring [AIM])...
December 2, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913200/pharyngeal-swallowing-mechanics-secondary-to-hemispheric-stroke
#3
Nelson H May, Jessica M Pisegna, Sarah Marchina, Susan E Langmore, Sandeep Kumar, William G Pearson
BACKGROUND: Computational analysis of swallowing mechanics (CASM) is a method that utilizes multivariate shape change analysis to uncover covariant elements of pharyngeal swallowing mechanics associated with impairment using videofluoroscopic swallowing studies. The goals of this preliminary study were to (1) characterize swallowing mechanics underlying stroke-related dysphagia, (2) decipher the impact of left and right hemispheric strokes on pharyngeal swallowing mechanics, and (3) determine pharyngeal swallowing mechanics associated with penetration-aspiration status...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912998/electrodiagnosis-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Christian M Custodio
With numerous advancements in early detection and multimodal therapy, cancer has become a chronic disease. As the number of cancer survivors continues to increase, physiatrists and other neuromuscular disease specialists are more likely to encounter individuals with residual impairments, disabilities, and/or handicaps resulting from cancer or related treatments. The patient with cancer is especially prone to injury directed at the peripheral nervous system at multiple anatomic levels. Electrodiagnosis is an invaluable tool in the evaluation of neuromuscular disorders in this patient population...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#5
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905155/optimising-qualitative-longitudinal-analysis-insights-from-a-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-adaptation
#6
Joanna K Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about aspects that influence recovery and adaptation in the postacute phase of disabling health events is key to understanding how best to provide appropriate rehabilitation and health services. Qualitative longitudinal research makes it possible to look for patterns, key time points and critical moments that could be vital for interventions and supports. However, strategies that support robust data management and analysis for longitudinal qualitative research in health-care are not well documented in the literature...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904913/statistical-process-control-a-feasibility-study-of-the-application-of-time-series-measurement-in-early-neurorehabilitation-after-acquired-brain-injury
#7
Gabriela Markovic, Marie-Louise Schult, Aniko Bartfai, Mattias Elg
BACKGROUND: Progress in early cognitive recovery after acquired brain injury is uneven and unpredictable, and thus the evaluation of rehabilitation is complex. The use of time-series measurements is susceptible to statistical change due to process variation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using a time-series method, statistical process control, in early cognitive rehabilitation. METHOD: Participants were 27 patients with acquired brain injury undergoing interdisciplinary rehabilitation of attention within 4 months post-injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904793/current-concepts-in-treatment-of-patellofemoral-osteochondritis-dissecans
#8
Chris Juneau, Russ Paine, Eric Chicas, Emily Gardner, Lane Bailey, James McDermott
: Identification, protection, and management of patellofemoral articular cartilage lesions continue to remain on the forefront of sports medicine rehabilitation. Due to high-level compression forces that are applied through the patellofemoral (PF) joint, managing articular cartilage lesions is challenging for sports medicine specialists. Articular cartilage damage may exist in a wide spectrum of injuries ranging from small, single areas of focal damage to wide spread osteoarthritis involving large chondral regions...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903590/anterior-cruciate-ligament-derived-stem-cells-transduced-with-bmp2-accelerate-graft-bone-integration-after-acl-reconstruction
#9
Yohei Kawakami, Koji Takayama, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Ying Tang, Bing Wang, Yutaka Mifune, James H Cummins, Ryan J Warth, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka, Freddie H Fu, Johnny Huard
BACKGROUND: Strong graft-bone integration is a prerequisite for successful graft remodeling after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using soft tissue grafts. Novel strategies to accelerate soft tissue graft-bone integration are needed to reduce the need for bone-tendon-bone graft harvest, reduce patient convalescence, facilitate rehabilitation, and reduce total recovery time after ACL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The application of ACL-derived stem cells with enhanced expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) onto soft tissue grafts in the form of cell sheets will both accelerate and improve the quality of graft-bone integration after ACL reconstruction in a rat model...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901450/usefulness-of-serum-cardiac-troponin-i-concentration-as-a-marker-of-survival-of-harbor-seal-phoca-vitulina-pups-during-rehabilitation
#10
Sonja Fonfara, Janne Sundermeyer, Domingo Casamian Sorrosal, Corinna Weber, Tanja Rosenberger
OBJECTIVE To measure serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations in orphaned harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pups at various points during rehabilitation in a seal rescue center and determine whether cTnI concentration was associated with survival during rehabilitation and duration of rehabilitation. DESIGN Serial cross-sectional study. ANIMALS Fifty-five 2- to 9-day-old harbor seal pups. PROCEDURES Blood samples for serum cTnI concentration measurement, CBC, and serum biochemical analysis were obtained from seal pups at admission into a seal rescue center, after 2 weeks of rehabilitation at the center, and prior to release...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901413/dose-response-outcomes-associated-with-different-forms-of-locomotor-training-in-persons-with-chronic-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Evan Blake Sandler, Kathryn E Roach, Edelle C Field-Fote
Outcomes of training are thought to be related to amount of training (training dose). While various approaches to locomotor training have been used to improve walking function in persons with spinal cord injury, little is known about the relationship between dose of locomotor training and walking outcomes. This secondary analysis aimed to identify the relationship between training dose and improvement in walking distance and speed associated with the largest randomized clinical trial to date of locomotor training in participants with chronic motor-incomplete spinal cord injury (MISCI)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900291/elastin-a-possible-genetic-biomarker-for-more-severe-ligament-injuries-in-elite-soccer-a-pilot-study
#12
Rosa Artells, Ricard Pruna, Alexandre Dellal, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: The study of new genetic biomarkers in genes related to connective tissue repair and regeneration may help to identify individuals with greater predisposition to injury, who may benefit from targeted preventive measures, and those who require longer recovery time following a muscle, ligament or tendon injury. The present study investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms of the Elastin gene could be related to MCL injury. METHODS: 60 top class football players were studied to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms for the Elastin (ELN) gene using Allelic Discrimination analysis...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900196/muscle-function-is-associated-with-future-patient-reported-outcomes-in-young-adults-with-acl-injury
#13
Vala Flosadottir, Ewa M Roos, Eva Ageberg
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consequences of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury include worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and a decrease in activity level. Muscle function can be improved by targeted exercise. Our aims were to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among lower extremity muscle function and PROs after ACL injury. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (15 women, mean 30 years) with ACL injury or reconstruction, from the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559), were assessed with hop performance, muscle power and postural orientation 3 years (SD 0...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899894/moderate-load-eccentric-exercise-a-distinct-novel-training-modality
#14
REVIEW
Hans Hoppeler
Over the last 20 years a number of studies have been published using progressive eccentric exercise protocols on motorized ergometers or similar devices that allow for controlled application of eccentric loads. Exercise protocols ramp eccentric loads over an initial 3 weeks period in order to prevent muscle damage and delayed onset muscle soreness. Final training loads reach 400-500 W in rehabilitative settings and over 1200 W in elite athletes. Training is typically carried out three times per week for durations of 20-30 min...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899761/rehabilitation-augments-hematoma-clearance-and-attenuates-oxidative-injury-and-ion-dyshomeostasis-after-brain-hemorrhage
#15
Michael R Williamson, Kristen Dietrich, Mark J Hackett, Sally Caine, Colby A Nadeau, Jasmine R Aziz, Helen Nichol, Phyllis G Paterson, Frederick Colbourne
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We assessed the elemental and biochemical effects of rehabilitation after intracerebral hemorrhage, with emphasis on iron-mediated oxidative stress, using a novel multimodal biospectroscopic imaging approach. METHODS: Collagenase-induced striatal hemorrhage was produced in rats that were randomized to enriched rehabilitation or control intervention starting on day 7. Animals were euthanized on day 14 or 21, a period of ongoing cell death...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897188/community-participation-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-queensland-australia
#16
J J Carr, M B Kendall, D I Amsters, K J Pershouse, P Kuipers, P Buettner, R N Barker
STUDY DESIGN: Sequential mixed method design. OBJECTIVES: Determine factors associated with community participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Phase I consisted of a quantitative telephone survey of 270 people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years. To verify and interpret survey findings, Phase II involved a qualitative investigation. One focus group, one dyadic and one in-depth interview were conducted with a separate sample of eight people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896364/-proximal-rupture-of-the-hamstring-tendon-from-clinical-presentation-to-diagnosis-and-therapy
#17
S Bauer, M Riegger, K J Friedrich, W Reichert, W G Blakeney, C Haag
Rupture of the proximal tendon enthesis of the hamstring muscle (ICM) accounts for approximately 10% of all injuries of the ICM. It occurs most commonly in athletes and active middle-aged individuals. The complete rupture of all three tendons in active patients is generally seen as an indication for surgical repair of the tendon enthesis; however, the correct diagnosis is often not reached in a timely manner. This can lead to prolonged symptoms with pain, weakness and neuralgia. Operative treatment consists of anchor repair of the tendons resulting in good clinical outcome in several case series...
November 28, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894286/the-family-experiences-of-in-hospital-care-questionnaire-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fecq-tbi-a-validation-study
#18
Audny Anke, Unn Sollid Manskow, Oddgeir Friborg, Cecilie Røe, Cathrine Arntzen
BACKGROUND: Family members are important for support and care of their close relative after severe traumas, and their experiences are vital health care quality indicators. The objective was to describe the development of the Family Experiences of in-hospital Care Questionnaire for family members of patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury (FECQ-TBI), and to evaluate its psychometric properties and validity. METHODS: The design of the study is a Norwegian multicentre study inviting 171 family members...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#19
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#20
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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