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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531919/bupleurum-chinense-extract-ameliorates-an-ova-induced-murine-allergic-asthma-through-the-reduction-of-the-th2-and-th17-cytokines-production-by-inactivation-of-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#1
Thi Tho Bui, Chun Hua Piao, Chang Ho Song, Hee Soon Shin, Ok Hee Chai
Bupleurum chinense belongs to the Bupleurum spp. family that has been used in traditional herbal medicine for over thousand years. It has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hepato-protective, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-fibrotic and immunomodulatory effect. However, the effect of B. Chinense on allergic asthma remains unclear. This study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of B. Chinense extracts (BCE) on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice model. In the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model, we evaluated the number of total cells, differential inflammatory cells and the production of proinflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung homogenate as well as histological structure...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528648/copper-and-antibiotics-discovery-modes-of-action-and-opportunities-for-medicinal-applications
#2
Alex G Dalecki, Cameron L Crawford, Frank Wolschendorf
Copper is a ubiquitous element in the environment as well as living organisms, with its redox capabilities and complexation potential making it indispensable for many cellular functions. However, these same properties can be highly detrimental to prokaryotes and eukaryotes when not properly controlled, damaging many biomolecules including DNA, lipids, and proteins. To restrict free copper concentrations, all bacteria have developed mechanisms of resistance, sequestering and effluxing labile copper to minimize its deleterious effects...
2017: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528516/combined-effects-of-chinese-medicine-feed-and-ginger-extract-bath-on-co-infection-of-ichthyophthirius-multifiliis-and-dactylogyrus-ctenopharyngodonid-in-grass-carp
#3
Yao-Wu Fu, Bin Wang, Qi-Zhong Zhang, De-Hai Xu, De-Jie Lin, Xing-Ya Yang, Shu-Qun Zhu, Jing-Yang Pan, Qian Deng, Yan-Meng Liu, Sheng-Yu Zhou
Dactylogyrus ctenopharyngodonid and Ichthyophthirius multifiliis are two important ectoparasites of freshwater fish. Co-infection by the two parasites leads to high fish mortality and results in heavy economic losses. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of medicated feed and a ginger extract bath against D. ctenopharyngodonid and I. multifiliis on grass carp and investigate the hematological response of grass carp co-infected by the two parasites. These results demonstrated that red blood cell (RBC) and thrombocyte percentage among leucocytes significantly decreased after grass carp were co-infected by D...
May 20, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527511/accumulation-of-biomass-and-four-triterpenoids-in-two-stage-cultured-poria-cocos-mycelia-and-diuretic-activity-in-rats
#4
Gao-Sheng Hu, Chong-Gui Huang, Yang Zhang, Wei Xiao, Jing-Ming Jia
Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, an important medicinal and food fungus, is well known in East Asia. Due to growing market demand, long cultivation period, and consumption of pine trunk during cultivation, developing alternative methods for producing P. cocos and/or its active components is of interest. In the present study, the effects of different culture methods on biomass and accumulation of four triterpenoids were investigated. The ethanol extract of fermented mycelium (EFM) was orally administered to rats. Urine output and concentrations of electrolytes (Na(+), K(+), and Cl(-)) were measured...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526570/role-of-medicinal-plants-on-growth-performance-and-immune-status-in-fish
#5
REVIEW
Elham Awad, Amani Awaad
Disease outbreaks increase proportionally with increases in intensive aquaculture. Natural products including medicinal plants have been known from thousands of years for treating some human diseases. It is well known that many active compounds are responsible for potential bio-activities. For that reason, there has been considerable interest in the use of medicinal plants in aquaculture with a view to providing safe and eco-friendly compounds for replacing antibiotics and chemical compounds as well as to enhance immune status and control fish diseases...
May 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526021/current-status-challenges-and-the-way-forward-for-clinical-pharmacy-service-in-ethiopian-public-hospitals
#6
Arebu Issa Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle, Belete Ayalneh, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy service has evolved steadily over the past few decades and is now contributing to the 'patient care journey' at all stages. It is improving the safety and effectiveness of medicines and has made a significant contribution to the avoidance of medication errors. In Ethiopia, clinical pharmacy service is in its initial phase, being started in July 2013. This study therefore aimed at assessing the status, challenges and way forward of clinical pharmacy service in the country...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524381/antifungal-activity-of-gallic-acid-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#7
Zhi-Jian Li, Meng Liu, Gulina Dawuti, Qin Dou, Yu Ma, Heng-Ge Liu, Silafu Aibai
Gallic acid (GA) is a polyphenol natural compound found in many medicinal plant species, including pomegranate rind (Punica granatum L.), and has been shown to have antiinflammatory and antibacterial properties. Pomegranate rind is used to treat bacterial and fungal pathogens in Uyghur and other systems of traditional medicine, but, surprisingly, the effects of GA on antifungal activity have not yet been reported. In this study, we aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of GA on fungal strains both in vitro and in vivo...
May 19, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524038/-intervention-effect-of-qingzao-runfei-huazhuo-xingxue-decoction-on-pm2-5-induced-pulmonary-injury-in-mice
#8
Jinbo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yanxia Chen, Xinlu Wang, Aihua Hou, Lingling Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Qingzao Runfei Huazhuo Xingxue decoction (QRHXD) on inflammatory reaction and histopathology in mice with PM2.5-induced pulmonary injury, and to approach the possible mechanism of prevention and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine on lung injury induced by haze. METHODS: Fifty healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10): namely control, PM2.5, PM2.5 + low-, moderate-, and high-dose groups. The PM2...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524025/-effect-of-esmolol-on-hemodynamics-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#9
Shupeng Wang, Min Li, Jun Duan, Li Yi, Xu Huang, Desheng Chen, Gang Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of heart rate control with esmolol on hemodynamics, inflammatory cytokines and clinical outcomes in patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The patients with septic shock admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from August 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled. After 24 hours of resuscitation and other therapy, they were randomly divided into two groups by sealed envelope...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523173/thrombotic-responses-to-coronary-stents-bioresorbable-scaffolds-and-the-kounis-hypersensitivity-associated-acute-thrombotic-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, Anastasios Roumeliotis, Grigorios Tsigas, George Soufras, Nicholas Grapsas, Periklis Davlouros, George Hahalis
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with coronary stent implantation is a life-saving medical procedure that has become, nowadays, the most frequent performed therapeutic procedure in medicine. Plain balloon angioplasty, bare metal stents, first and second generation drug-eluting stents, bioresorbable and bioabsorbable scaffolds have offered diachronically a great advance against coronary artery disease and have enriched our medical armamentarium. Stented areas constitute vulnerable sites for endothelial damage, endothelial dysfunction, flow turbulence, hemorheologic changes, platelet dysfunction, coagulation changes and fibrinolytic disturbances...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522917/effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-xiangbin-prescription-on-gastrointestinal-motility
#11
Zhi Jiang, Li-Xing Cao, Bo Liu, Qi-Cheng Chen, Wen-Fan Shang, Lu Zhou, Dan-Yan Li, De-An Guo, Zhi-Qiang Chen
AIM: To investigate the effects of Xiangbin prescription (XBP), a Chinese herbal concoction, on gastrointestinal motility. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers were recruited for this randomized controlled trial of XBP. Antroduodenojejunal manometry was used to monitor gastrointestinal motility in these subjects. After the subjects had fasted for at least 12 h, XBP (n = 30) or placebo (n = 10) was orally administrated and gastrointestinal motility was recorded for 4 h...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522742/evaluation-of-radiopharmaceutical-adverse-reaction-reports-to-the-british-nuclear-medicine-society-for-the-period-2007-to-2016
#12
Tracia-Gay Kennedy-Dixon, Maxine Gossell-Williams, Margaret Cooper, Moez Trabelsi, Sobhan Vinjamuri
Objective: This study sought to answer the calls for the restoration of reports of adverse reactions from the European Association of Nuclear Medicine. It assessed reports of adverse reactions to radiopharmaceuticals (ARRPs) that were submitted to the British Nuclear Medicine Society's (BNMS) Radiopharmaceutical Adverse Reactions and Product Defects online database during the period January 2007 to December 2016. Methodology: This investigation was a pharmacovigilance based, non-experimental, cross-sectional study aimed at finding the prevalence and association between radiopharmaceuticals and adverse reactions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522317/the-association-between-cytochrome-p450-3a-progesterone-receptor-polymorphisms-plasma-17-ohpc-concentrations-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#13
Martha L Bustos, Steve N Caritis, Kathleen A Jablonski, Uma M Reddy, Yoram Sorokin, John M Thorp, Michael W Varner, Ronald J Wapner, Jay D Iams, Marshall W Carpenter, Alan M Peaceman, Brian M Mercer, Anthony Sciscione, Dwight J Rouse, Susan M Ramin
BACKGROUND: Infants born before 37 weeks' gestation are of public health concern since complications associated with preterm birth are the leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age and a major cause of morbidity and lifelong disability. The administration of 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) reduces preterm birth by 33% in women with history spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). We demonstrated previously that plasma concentrations of 17-OHPC vary widely among pregnant women and that women with 17-OHPC plasma concentrations in the lowest quartile had SPTB rates of 40% vs rates of 25% in those women with higher concentrations...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521752/synthesis-characterization-and-biological-verification-of-anti-her2-indocyanine-green-doxorubicin-loaded-polyethyleneimine-coated-perfluorocarbon-double-nanoemulsions-for-targeted-photochemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Yun-Ting Ma
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death among females worldwide. Among various types of breast cancer, the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer is known to be more aggressive and often resistant to medicinal treatment, leading to an insufficient prognosis and poor susceptibility to chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy in the current clinic. These circumstances implicate that developing an improved therapeutic strategy rather than persistently changing the anticancer drugs for trying is truly needed to successfully cure this type of breast cancer...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521399/acetonitrile-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-radix-exhibits-growth-inhibitory-effects-on-prostate-cancer-cells-through-the-induction-of-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis
#15
June Lee, Bu Young Choi, Young-Sam Keum
In the present study, the effects of the acetonitrile or water extracts from 400 selected traditional medicinal plants on the growth of PC-3 cells were investigated, and it was demonstrated that an acetonitrile extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza Radix exhibited the most marked cytotoxic effects on PC-3 cells. It was observed that the acetonitrile extract of S. miltiorrhiza Radix induced marked cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in PC-3 cells through the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. It was also demonstrated that oral administration of the acetonitrile extract of S...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521395/marsdenia-tenacissima-extract-suppresses-tumor-growth-and-angiogenesis-in-a20-mouse-lymphoma
#16
Xingbin Dai, Yanhua Ji, Pengjun Jiang, Xuemei Sun
Marsdenia tenacissima (MT), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been utilized in the treatment of a variety of malignant conditions for decades, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Angiogenesis, new blood vessel formation by nearby endothelial cells (ECs) from pre-existing vessels, plays a key role in cancer growth. In the present study, the effects of MT extract (MTE) on EC proliferation and apoptosis in vitro, and on A20 mouse lymphoma growth and angiogenesis in vivo were investigated. MTE exhibited an anti-proliferative effect on the ECs, with a half maximal inhibitory concentration of 11...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521373/paediatric-medicines-regulatory-and-scientific-issues
#17
Chrysa Daousani, Vangelis D Karalis
In the past, dosage regimens authorized for adults were extrapolated to children relying mainly on empirical dosage adjustments. However, children are not small adults, but a distinct and heterogeneous group in terms of physiology, disease occurrence, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and also psychological, cognitive, and behavioral aspects. Even though it would be helpful to know the physiological changes and the special drug treatment needs in children, this task could not be performed due to ethical reasons...
May 18, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520220/endothelial-damage-effects-of-circulating-microparticles-from-patients-with-stable-angina-is-reduced-by-aspirin-though-erk-p38-mapks-pathways
#18
Cheng Gong, Xue-Feng Shan, Xu-Lang Wang, Wei-Wei Dong, Zhe Li, D Xin-Hong Liu, Wei Zhang, Kun Xing, Feng-Jun Chang
INTRODUCTION: Platelet activation participate in the development of both coronary artery disease (CAD) and circulating microparticles (MPs). As a commonly used medicine for coronary heart disease, whether aspirin affects the function of MPs remains unclear. AIMS: This study was designed to test MPs from healthy subjects, stable angina (SA) patients before and after aspirin administration were obtained. MPs origins were tested by flow cytometry. Rat thoracic aortas were incubated with MPs (with or without aspirin) to determine the effects of MPs on expression of ERK1/2, JNKs and p38 MAPK...
May 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515181/measuring-ability-to-assess-claims-about-treatment-effects-the-development-of-the-claim-evaluation-tools
#19
Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Andrew David Oxman, Iain Chalmers, Sarah Rosenbaum, Øystein Guttersrud
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Claim Evaluation Tools, a set of flexible items to measure people's ability to assess claims about treatment effects. SETTING: Methodologists and members of the community (including children) in Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Norway, the UK and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In the iterative development of the items, we used purposeful sampling of people with training in research methodology, such as teachers of evidence-based medicine, as well as patients and members of the public from low-income and high-income countries...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513568/using-uplc-ms-ms-for-characterization-of-active-components-in-extracts-of-yupingfeng-and-application-to-a-comparative-pharmacokinetic-study-in-rat-plasma-after-oral-administration
#20
Meng-Qi Jia, Ye-Juan Xiong, Yun Xue, Yan Wang, Chao Yan
Yupingfeng (YPF), a famous traditional Chinese medicine, which contains a large array of compounds, has been effectually used in health protection. A two-dimensional liquid chromatography (²D-LC) combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS) method was firstly established to separate and identify chemical components in YPF. A total of 33 compounds were identified, including 15 constituents (flavonoids and saponins) in Astragali radix; seven constituents (sesquiterpenoids and polysaccharide) in Atractylodis rhizoma; and 11 constituents (chromone and coumarins) in Saposhnikoviae radix...
May 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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