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Paula J Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Tom Smith, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are associated with poor outcomes following thoracotomy and lung resection. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy is now frequently utilised as an alternative to thoracotomy, however patients remain at risk for development of PPC. There is little known of the short-term outcome associated with PPC following VATS lobectomy and if there are any potential risk factors that could be modified to prevent PPC development; our study aimed to investigate this...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Ehab Mostafa Elzawawy, Melad Naim Kelada, Ahmed Farouk Al Karmouty
INTRODUCTION: Latissimus dorsi (LD) flap has been used for reconstructive purposes in oncoplastic breast surgery. Using large part of the muscle as a flap leads to a residual functional loss. Muscle sparing and mini LD flaps can be used with no functional sequelae. However, the design of such flap presents a challenge. METHODS: Twenty cadavers were dissected on both sides to identify the different vascular patterns of the thoracodorsal (TD) pedicle. The vessels were counted, and the following measurements were taken: diameter, length, distance from inferior angel of scapula, and vertebral level...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ehab Zaki Azzam, Salma Samir Omar
BACKGROUND: Surgical excision alone for auricular keloids is frequently followed by recurrence making combining treatment options necessary. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the long-term efficacy of combining surgical excision, cryosurgery, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treatment of auricular keloids. METHODS: This interventional study was carried out on fifty auricular keloids in 50 patients. Patients were subjected to a combination therapy of surgical excision of the keloids, intraoperative cryosurgery, and PRP injections...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Sheela B Abraham, Aline Mazen Alsakka Amini, Noha Ehab Khorshed, Manal Awad
Objective: An important determinant of job satisfaction and life fulfillment is the quality of life (QOL) of the individuals working in a particular field. Currently, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), there is limited research pertaining to the QOL of dentists. The main objective of this study was to assess QOL of dentists in the UAE. Materials and Methods: The World Health Organization (WHO) QOL-BREF questionnaire (the World Health Organization abbreviated instrument for QOL assessment), which assesses QOL in physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains, was found to be a suitable instrument for use...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Abdelfattah M Selim, Mahmoud M Elhaig, Sherif A Moawed, Ehab El-Nahas
Aim: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and potential risk factors associated with Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) disease in cattle and buffaloes in Egypt, to model the potential risk factors associated with the disease using logistic regression (LR) models, and to fit the best predictive model for the current data. Materials and Methods: A total of 740 blood samples were collected within November 2012-March 2013 from animals aged between 6 months and 3 years...
March 2018: Veterinary World
Omar Ahmed, Takeshi Ogura, Ali Eldahrouty, Hanaa Khalaf, Ehab Mohammed, Hussein Okasha, Ayat Sameer, Usama Abdelaal, Kazuhide Higuchi
Background/Aim: Recently, endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) has emerged using a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS). The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of this procedure. In addition, the efficacy and safety of EUS-GBD with SEMS were assessed. Patients and Methods: Thirteen consecutive patients who underwent EUS-GBD for acute cholecystitis between February 2014 and September 2016 were included in this retrospective study...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Fateheya M Metwally, Hend Rashad, Hala M Zeidan, Ayman Kilany, Ehab R Abdol Raouf
The role of bisphenol A (BPA) in autism was investigated in 49 children (mean age = 5.950 ± 1.911 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and 40 comparable age and sex matched children used as controls (mean age = 5.333 ± 2.279 years). In addition, 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) was also studied as a biomarker of oxidative stress in the same set of two selected groups. The results showed that both BPA and 8-oxodG were significantly higher in children with autism than those of control children ( p values = 0...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Evan T Liechty, Andrew D Strongrich, Ehab M Moussa, Elizabeth Topp, Alina A Alexeenko
PURPOSE: Monitoring process conditions during lyophilization is essential to ensuring product quality for lyophilized pharmaceutical products. Residual gas analysis has been applied previously in lyophilization applications for leak detection, determination of endpoint in primary and secondary drying, monitoring sterilization processes, and measuring complex solvents. The purpose of this study is to investigate the temporal evolution of the process gas for various formulations during lyophilization to better understand the relative extraction rates of various molecular compounds over the course of primary drying...
April 11, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Morakot Kaewthamasorn, Mika Takeda, Tawee Saiwichai, Jesse N Gitaka, Sonthaya Tiawsirisup, Yuhei Imasato, Ehab Mossaad, Ali Sarani, Winai Kaewlamun, Manun Channumsin, Suchart Chaiworakul, Wichit Katepongpun, Surapong Teeveerapunya, Jarus Panthong, Dominic K Mureithi, Saw Bawm, Lat Lat Htun, Mar Mar Win, Ahmed Ali Ismail, Abdalla Mohamed Ibrahim, Keisuke Suganuma, Hassan Hakimi, Ryo Nakao, Ken Katakura, Masahito Asada, Osamu Kaneko
Plasmodium was first identified in a goat in Angola in 1923, and only recently characterized by DNA isolation from a goat blood sample in Zambia. Goats were first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent approximately 10,000 years ago, and are now globally distributed. It is not known if the Plasmodium identified in African goats originated from parasites circulating in the local ungulates, or if it co-evolved in the goat before its domestication. To address this question, we performed PCR-based surveillance using a total of 1,299 goat blood samples collected from Sudan and Kenya in Africa, Iran in west Asia, and Myanmar and Thailand in southeast Asia...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Moran Amit, Samantha Tam, Ahmed S Abdelmeguid, Michael E Kupferman, Shirley Y Su, Shaan M Raza, Franco DeMonte, Ehab Y Hanna
BACKGROUND: Head and neck mucosal melanoma is a locally aggressive tumor with a high recurrence rate. The paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity are the most common primary tumor sites. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify independent predictors of outcome in sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) and characterize the patterns of treatment failure. METHODS: This study included 198 patients with SNMM who had been treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1 January 1991 through 31 December 2016...
April 6, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Sherif Mohamed Zaki, Fayza Abdelraouf Abdelgawad, Ehab Abdel Aziz El-Shaarawy, Rasha Abdel Khalek Radwan, Basma Emad Aboul-Hoda
BACKGROUND: Stress exposure exerts direct effects on the morphology and functionality of the adrenal cortex. In addition, aging effects growth, differentiation, apoptosis and cellularity of the cortex. The missing data is the combined effect of stress and aging on the adrenal cortex. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the structural changes in the adrenal cortex following the exposure to stress in the adult and aged albino rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 rats were divided into groups I, II (adult and senile)...
April 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ehab Atallah, Charles A Schiffer, Kevin P Weinfurt, Mei-Jie Zhang, Jerald P Radich, Vivian G Oehler, Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, Michael W N Deininger, Li Lin, Richard A Larson, Michael J Mauro, Joseph O Moore, Ellen K Ritchie, Neil P Shah, Richard T Silver, Martha Wadleigh, Jorge Cortes, James Thompson, Jessica Guhl, Mary M Horowitz, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) offers significant improvements over previous treatments in terms of survival and toxicity yet nevertheless is associated with reduced health-related quality of life and very high cost. Several small studies from Europe and Australia suggested that discontinuing TKIs with regular monitoring was safe. METHODS: The Life After Stopping TKIs (LAST) study is a large, U.S.-based study that aims to improve the evidence for clinical decision making regarding TKI discontinuation with monitoring in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who have a deep molecular response to TKI therapy...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ahmed Anwar Khattab, Muhammad Said El-Mekkawy, Mohamed Ahmed Helwa, Ehab Seif Omar
INTRODUCTION: Resistin is a proinflammatory hormone recently proposed as a sepsis biomarker. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic values of this marker in neonatal sepsis. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study that includes 60 term and late preterm neonates with proven and possible sepsis besides 30 healthy controls. Resistin and other biomarkers, like C-reactive protein (CRP), were measured within 2 h of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Robert Schneidewend, Paul Hosking, Ruta Brazauskas, Jess Peterson, Carlie Beaudin, Laura Michaelis, Ehab Atallah, Parameswaran Hari, Karen Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Acta Haematologica
Ehab Azab, Rashad Kebeish, A K Hegazy
The phenylurea herbicide, linuron (LIN), is used to control various types of weeds. Despite its efficient role in controlling weeds, it presents a persistent problem to the environment. In the current study, phytoremediation properties of transgenic CYP1A2 Arabidopsis thaliana plants to LIN were assessed. CYP1A2 gene was firstly cloned and expressed in bacteria before proceeding to plants. In presence of LIN, The growth of CYP1A2 expressing bacteria was superior compared to control bacteria transformed with the empty bacterial expression vector pET22b(+)...
March 22, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Maria Bonsignore, Daniela Salvagio Manta, Ehab A Al-Tayeb Sharif, Fabio D'Agostino, Anna Traina, Enza Maria Quinci, Luigi Giaramita, Calogera Monastero, Mohamed Benothman, Mario Sprovieri
A comprehensive assessment of the potential adverse effects on environment and human health generated by the inputs of chemicals from the most important Libyan petrochemical plant is presented. Ecotoxicological risk associated with the presence of As, Hg, Ni, Zn and PAHs in marine sediments is low or moderate, with a probability of toxicity for ecosystem <9% and <20% for heavy metals and PAHs respectively. However, surface sediments result strongly enriched in Hg and As of anthropogenic origin. Investigation of metals in fish allowed to assess potential risks for human populations via fish intake...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Nicola Oswald, Eshan Senanayake, Babu Naidu, Haitham Khalil, Ehab Bishay
PURPOSE: Reconstruction after sternal resection is performed according to surgeon intuition; physiologic evidence for selection of prostheses is lacking. We present our experience of the in vivo function of a novel device for sternal reconstruction. DESCRIPTION: A three-dimensional-printed titanium and porous polyethylene sternal prosthesis was made according to the patient's computed tomographic scan. The titanium arms slot over adjacent ribs and are fixed in place with screws...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ehab Tousson, Mohamed F Bayomy, Alaa A Ahmed
Etoposide is a semi-synthetic compound derived from the plant podophyllum pelltatum and are antineoplastic agents long been used for treatment of human malignancies. The present study was conducted to examine the possible modifying effects of rosemary aqueous extract against sperm abnormalities, testes injury, DNA fragmentation, apoptosis and Ki67 alterations induced by Etoposide in male rats. A total of 50 adult male rats were divided into 5 groups (1st, control; 2nd, rosemary; 3rd, Etoposide; 4th, co-treated Etoposide with rosemary; 5th, post-treated Etoposide with rosemary)...
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Reda Tolba, Ehab Meselhy, Carlos E Guerra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Ochsner Journal
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