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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#1
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222869/new-generation-cardioverter-defibrillator-lead-with-a-floating-atrial-sensing-dipole-long-term-performance
#2
Erdal Safak, Giuseppe D Ancona, Hilmi Kaplan, Evren Caglayan, Stephan Kische, Alper Öner, Hüseyin Ince, Jasmin Ortak
OBJECTIVES: Study aim is to present the long-term performance of a new generation implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) electrode with floating atrial dipole (Linox S DX, Biotronik). BACKGROUND: The single ICD electrode with a floating dipole in the atrial chamber was introduced about 15 years ago to overcome risk of inappropriate shock. METHODS: After implant, internal ECG data were prospectively collected via tele-monitoring (Home Monitoring, Biotronik)...
December 9, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220423/tpeak-tend-interval-during-therapeutic-hypothermia-can-predict-upcoming-ventricular-fibrillation-in-subjects-with-aborted-arrhythmic-sudden-cardiac-death-3-years-follow-up-results
#3
Namsik Yoon, Seo Hong, Aaron Glass, Sung Soo Kim, Min Chul Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Ki Hong Lee, Doo Sun Sim, Hyun Ju Yoon, Kye Hun Kim, Young Joon Hong, Hyung Wook Park, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Jeong, Jong Chun Park, Jeong Gwan Cho
Aims: Prolonged Tpeak-Tend interval has been shown to be markers of arrhythmogenesis in various cardiac disorders. However, its dynamicity is one of the obstacles to predict fatal ventricular arrhythmia. This study investigated whether Tpeak-Tend interval during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is associated with ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility and clinical arrhythmia in subjects with aborted arrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD). Methods and results: The study group included 31 patients (24 males, age 39...
December 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202133/the-accuracy-of-hospital-icd-9-cm-codes-for-determining-sickle-cell-disease-genotype
#4
Angela B Snyder, Peter A Lane, Mei Zhou, Susan T Paulukonis, Mary M Hulihan
Sickle cell disease affects more than 100,000 individuals in the United States, among whom disease severity varies considerably. One factor that influences disease severity is the sickle cell disease genotype. For this reason, clinical prevention and treatment guidelines tend to differentiate between genotypes. However, previous research suggests caution when using a claimsbased determination of sickle cell disease genotype in healthcare quality studies. The objective of this study was to describe the extent of miscoding for the major sickle cell disease genotypes in hospital discharge data...
2017: Journal of Rare Diseases Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201144/length-of-stay-costs-and-complications-in-lumbar-disc-herniation-surgery-by-standard-plif-versus-a-new-dynamic-interspinous-stabilization-technique
#5
Manuel Segura-Trepichio, David Candela-Zaplana, José Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, Antonio Martin-Benlloch, Andreu Nolasco
Background: The number of lumbar spine surgeries has been increasing during the last 20 years, which also leads to an increase in hospital costs and complications related to surgery. Therefore, there is a greater concern about the costs and safety of the techniques and implants used. Methods: Patients (aged from 18 to 50 years) presenting with lumbago /sciatica (ICD-10-CM M54.3, M54.4) due to lumbar disc herniation lasting more than 12 weeks, were included. Patients with disc herniation larger than size-2 or size-3 according to the MSU Classification were eligible for participation...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200006/impact-of-sustained-virologic-response-on-short-term-clinical-outcomes-in-hepatitis-c-related-cirrhosis
#6
Muhammad H Bashir, Javid Fazili, Mohammad F Madhoun, Rajesh Kanagala, Sixia Chen, Salman Nusrat
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of cirrhosis, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Treatment of the underlying etiology has been shown to improve fibrosis and cirrhosis. AIM: We sought to evaluate the impact of a sustained virologic response on liver chemistries, model for end stage liver disease (MELD) score, Child-Pugh-Turcotte score (CPT), and fibrosis 4 score (FIB4) in patients with liver cirrhosis secondary to HCV with portal hypertension, with or without decompensation...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198903/canadian-registry-of-implantable-electronic-device-outcomes-longer-term-follow-up-of-the-riata-lead-under-advisory
#7
Ratika Parkash, Bernard Thibault, Francois Philippon, Iqwal Mangat, Benoit Coutu, Matthew Bennett, Eugene Crystal, Jeffrey Healey, Atul Verma, Roopinder Sandhu, Douglas Cameron, Felix Ayala-Paredes, Laurence Sterns, Vidal Essebag, Marcio Sturmer, Pablo Nery, George Wells, Andrew Krahn
BACKGROUND: The Riata lead advisory was announced in 2011 and has posed unique management challenges due to cable externalization and insulation abrasion, in some cases leading to sudden loss of defibrillation. OBJECTIVE: We sought to provide further data on the rate of electrical failure in population of patients with a Riata lead under advisory. METHODS: Using the Canadian Registry of Electronic Device Outcomes, prospective follow up data was collected on 1352 Riata leads under advisory in 17 ICD implantation centers in Canada...
November 30, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#8
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194831/analysis-of-arrhythmic-events-is-useful-to-detect-lead-failure-earlier-in-patients-followed-by-remote-monitoring
#9
Nobuhiro Nishii, Akihito Miyoshi, Motoki Kubo, Masakazu Miyamoto, Yoshimasa Morimoto, Satoshi Kawada, Koji Nakagawa, Atsuyuki Watanabe, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hiroshi Morita, Hiroshi Ito
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring (RM) has been advocated as the new standard of care for patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). RM has allowed the early detection of adverse clinical events, such as arrhythmia, lead failure, and battery depletion. However, lead failure was often identified only by arrhythmic events, but not impedance abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To compare the usefulness of arrhythmic events with conventional impedance abnormalities for identifying lead failure in CIED patients followed by RM...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183260/vital-statistics-and-early-death-predictors-of-north-american-professional-basketball-players-a-historical-examination
#10
Srdjan Lemez, Nick Wattie, Tyler Lawler, Joseph Baker
While empirical evidence suggests that elite athletes have superior lifespan outcomes relative to the general population, less is known regarding their causes of death. The purpose of this study was to critically examine the mortality outcomes of deceased National Basketball Association and American Basketball Association players. Death data were collected from publicly available sources until 11 December 2015, and causes of death were categorized using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180267/cardiac-arrest-and-brugada-syndrome-is-drug-induced-type-1-ecg-pattern-always-a-marker-of-low-risk
#11
Pietro Delise, Giuseppe Allocca, Nadir Sitta, Federico Migliore, Federica Dagradi, Carla Spazzolini, Luigi Sciarra, Valeria Carinci, Domenico Corrado, Leonardo Calò, Peter J Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed as affected by Brugada syndrome (BrS) on the basis of a drug-induced type 1 ECG pattern (type1) are regarded as at low risk for cardiac arrest. We tested whether this assumption matches reality. METHODS: The study population included 26 patients from our group and 217 patients from three studies published between 2002 and 2013, all of them with aborted cardiac arrest (ACA) and in whom a previously unrecognized type1 (spontaneous or drug-induced) was discovered after the event, thus leading to the diagnosis of BrS...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178898/the-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-as-a-bridge-to-reimplantation-in-patients-with-icd-or-crt-d-related-infections
#12
L Castro, S Pecha, M Linder, J Vogler, N Gosau, C Meyer, S Willems, H Reichenspurner, S Hakmi
BACKGROUND: The approach to treat device infection in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) is a challenging procedure. Optimal treatment is complete extraction of the infected device. To protect these patients from sudden cardiac arrest while waiting for reimplantation and to avoid recurrent infection, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) seems to be a valuable solution. Therefore, we investigated the management and outcome of patients with ICD or CRT-D infections using the WCD as a bridge to re-implantation after lead extraction procedures...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173417/the-subcutaneous-defibrillator
#13
REVIEW
Jonathan Weinstock, Christopher Madias
The transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has been shown in multiple studies to be effective in the prevention of sudden cardiac death in select populations. The Achilles heel of traditional ICD technology has been the transvenous lead. The subcutaneous ICD provides effective sudden death protection while avoiding lead-related complications of traditional transvenous systems. The subcutaneous ICD is a reasonable option for patients with an ICD indication who do not need bradycardia pacing or cardiac resynchronization therapy...
December 2017: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170857/comorbidities-and-medication-use-in-patients-with-a-recent-clinical-fracture-at-the-fracture-liaison-service
#14
L Vranken, C E Wyers, R Y Van der Velde, H M Janzing, S Kaarsemaker, P P Geusens, J P Van den Bergh
In this cross-sectional study, two-thirds of Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) patients had comorbidities and medications associated with increased bone- or fall-related fracture risk. Bone-related and fall-related fracture risk (BRR and FRR) were associated with age and fracture type, but not with gender or BMD. Systematic evaluation of these factors leads to a more profound assessment in FLS care. INTRODUCTION: This study is a systematic evaluation of comorbidities and medications associated with increased fracture risk in patients aged 50-90 years with a recent fracture visiting the FLS...
November 23, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160431/classification-of-deaths-in-women-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth
#15
Manuella Coutinho Brayner, Sandra Valongueiro Alves
OBJECTIVE: To reclassify deaths of women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2000 to 2010. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory study, developed from the following steps: translation to Portuguese of the item "HIV and aids" of the United Nations document "The WHO application of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium: DCI MM 2012"; development of a classification algorithm of deaths of women living with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth; and reclassification of deaths by a group of experts...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159526/cardiovascular-disease-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-japan-academic-consortium-of-kidney-transplantation-jack-cohort-study
#16
Masayoshi Okumi, Yoichi Kakuta, Kohei Unagami, Ryoichi Maenosono, Katsunori Miyake, Junpei Iizuka, Toshio Takagi, Hideki Ishida, Kazunari Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The number of kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) from diabetic nephropathy (DN) and with cardiovascular disease (CVD) history has increased worldwide. Nevertheless, epidemiologic evidence of CVD in KTRs remains limited. METHODS: We investigated post-transplant CVD in 1614 adult KTRs between 1990 and 2014. CVD was defined according to the international classification of diseases (ICD-10). All-cause mortality was also investigated. Final follow-up was performed in March 2016...
November 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154461/patient-understanding-of-disease-and-the-use-and-outcome-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#17
Shankar Baskar, John L Jefferies, Lisa Salberg, Philip R Khoury, David S Spar, Timothy K Knilans, Richard J Czosek
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young individuals. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are the primary therapy for sudden death prevention; however, are associated with both physical and psychological complications. We sought to determine factors associated with ICD understanding and patient satisfaction. This was a cross-sectional study, using patient/parent answered questionnaires distributed to patients enrolled in the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Association...
November 20, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153019/-the-actual-questions-of-the-care-of-rare-diseases
#18
Gábor Pogány
The aim was to present the actual situation of rare diseases, especially to characterize the circumstances in Hungary. The most important developments were summarized which could help the care of rare disease patients in the everyday practice. There are around 800 000 patients with rare diseases in Hungary. The lack of information leads to "invisibility" for the health and social care system (most of them without ICD code). Therefore, these patients still have a huge disadvantage even when compared to the patients of common diseases...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152426/an-overview-of-infant-mortality-trends-in-qatar-from-2004-to-2014
#19
Mohammed Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Amine Toumi, Shams Eldin Khalifa, Hammad Akram
Background Infant mortality is an important health indicator that estimates population well-being. Infant mortality has declined globally but is still a major public health challenge. This article provides the characteristics, causes, burden, and trends of infant mortality in Qatar. Methods Frequencies, percentages, and rates were calculated using data from birth-death registries over 2004-2014 to describe infant mortality by nationality, gender, and age group. We calculated the relative risks of the top causes of infant mortality among subgroups according to the 10(th) Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10, Version 2016)...
September 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146275/beat-to-beat-variations-in-activation-recovery-interval-derived-from-the-right-ventricular-electrogram-can-monitor-arrhythmic-risk-under-anesthetic-and-awake-conditions-in-the-canine-chronic-atrioventricular-block-model
#20
Sofieke C Wijers, David J Sprenkeler, Alexandre Bossu, Albert Dunnink, Jet D M Beekman, Rosanne Varkevisser, Alfonso Aranda Hernández, Mathias Meine, Marc A Vos
BACKGROUND: In the chronic atrioventricular block (CAVB) dog model, beat-to-beat variation of repolarization in the left ventricle (LV) quantified as short-term variability of the left monophasic action potential duration (STVLVMAPD) increases abruptly upon challenge with a pro arrhythmic drug. This increase occurs before the first ectopic beat (EB), specifically in subjects that demonstrate subsequent repetitive Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias (TdP). OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate that STV is feasible to monitor arrhythmic risk through the use of the intracardiac electrogram (EGM) derived from the right ventricle (RV) lead from pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD)...
November 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
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