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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728595/malaria-after-international-travel-a-geosentinel-analysis-2003-2016
#1
Kristina M Angelo, Michael Libman, Eric Caumes, Davidson H Hamer, Kevin C Kain, Karin Leder, Martin P Grobusch, Stefan H Hagmann, Phyllis Kozarsky, David G Lalloo, Poh-Lian Lim, Calvin Patimeteeporn, Philippe Gautret, Silvia Odolini, François Chappuis, Douglas H Esposito
BACKGROUND: More than 30,000 malaria cases are reported annually among international travellers. Despite improvements in malaria control, malaria continues to threaten travellers due to inaccurate perception of risk and sub-optimal pre-travel preparation. METHODS: Records with a confirmed malaria diagnosis after travel from January 2003 to July 2016 were obtained from GeoSentinel, a global surveillance network of travel and tropical medicine providers that monitors travel-related morbidity...
July 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722093/-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-wheat-cellulose-particles-in-the-treatment-of-internal-hemorrhoids
#2
Yunhua Peng, Wei Yang, Yehuang Wang, Xiaohua Fan, Xueping Zheng, Juanjuan Gai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of wheat cellulose particles (testa triticum tricum purify, Fiberform) in the treatment of internal hemorrhoid. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial was adopted. From October 2015 to July 2016, 60 patients with internal hemorrhoid were enrolled from three medical centers, including Department of Anorectum, Shuguang Hospital of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Department of Anorectum, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Department of Anorectum, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#3
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712474/postherpetic-neuralgia-practical-experiences-return-to-traditional-chinese-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Majid Avijgan, Seyedeh Tahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in the affected area. It often occurs mainly in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This complication causes suffering in patients and reduces the quality of life. In western medicine's viewpoints, PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that are used to manage the pain relief...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711901/secondary-focal-form-of-yersinia-enterocolitica-infection-with-prolonged-polyarthritis-in-young-caucasian-male-a-case-report
#5
Aniuta S Sydorchuk, Oksana I Holyar, Yurii O Randiuk, Vasyl D Sorokhan, Leonid I Sydorchuk, Nonna A Bohachyk, Yadviga V Venglovska, Andrii M Sokol
Current issue deals with an interesting clinical case of a rare infectious disease in a Caucasian young male patient, caused by Yersinia enterocоlitica. Infection proceeded in the development of secondary focal form, which was accompanied by prolonged polyarthritis. We described a clinical case of secondary focal form with prolonged polyarthritis caused by Y. enterocolitica O:3 serogroup in young patient with the purpose of focusing on the early clinical and laboratory diagnosistics of Yersiniosis that would minimize the role of medical errors in diagnostics made by general practitioners...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705161/entrustment-of-the-on-call-senior-medical-resident-role-implications-for-patient-safety-and-collective-care
#6
Noureen Huda, Lisa Faden, Mark Goldszmidt
BACKGROUND: The on-call responsibilities of a senior medicine resident (SMR) may include the admission transition of patient care on medical teaching teams (MTT), supervision of junior trainees, and ensuring patient safety. In many institutions, there is no standardised assessment of SMR competency prior to granting these on-call responsibilities in internal medicine. In order to fulfill competency based medical education requirements, training programs need to develop assessment approaches to make and defend such entrustment decisions...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702256/physician-knowledge-of-a-rare-foot-condition-influence-of-diabetic-patient-population-on-self-described-knowledge-and-treatment
#7
Brian M Schmidt, James S Wrobel, Crystal M Holmes
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthopathy (CN), a rare foot and ankle condition usually complicating diabetes mellitus, leads to deformity, poor quality of life, and increased mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of this condition in the diabetic patient population is not currently known but has been reportedly misdiagnosed in up to 95% of cases. METHODS: We sought to evaluate general knowledge regarding CN in non-foot specialist clinical faculty at a large academic institution and to understand their practice habits...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700651/metric-based-vs-peer-reviewed-evaluation-of-a-research-output-lesson-learnt-from-uk-s-national-research-assessment-exercise
#8
Kushwanth Koya, Gobinda Chowdhury
PURPOSE: There is a general inquisition regarding the monetary value of a research output, as a substantial amount of funding in modern academia is essentially awarded to good research presented in the form of journal articles, conferences papers, performances, compositions, exhibitions, books and book chapters etc., which, eventually leads to another question if the value varies across different disciplines. Answers to these questions will not only assist academics and researchers, but will also help higher education institutions (HEIs) make informed decisions in their administrative and research policies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679490/continuous-monitoring-of-vital-signs-using-wearable-devices-on-the-general-ward-pilot-study
#9
Mariska Weenk, Harry van Goor, Bas Frietman, Lucien Jlpg Engelen, Cornelis Jhm van Laarhoven, Jan Smit, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Tom H van de Belt
BACKGROUND: Measurement of vital signs in hospitalized patients is necessary to assess the clinical situation of the patient. Early warning scores (EWS), such as the modified early warning score (MEWS), are generally calculated 3 times a day, but these may not capture early deterioration. A delay in diagnosing deterioration is associated with increased mortality. Continuous monitoring with wearable devices might detect clinical deterioration at an earlier stage, which allows clinicians to take corrective actions...
July 5, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674145/the-strataa-study-protocol-a-programme-to-assess-the-burden-of-enteric-fever-in-bangladesh-malawi-and-nepal-using-prospective-population-census-passive-surveillance-serological-studies-and-healthcare-utilisation-surveys
#10
Thomas C Darton, James E Meiring, Susan Tonks, Md Arifuzzaman Khan, Farhana Khanam, Mila Shakya, Deus Thindwa, Stephen Baker, Buddha Basnyat, John D Clemens, Gordon Dougan, Christiane Dolecek, Sarah J Dunstan, Melita A Gordon, Robert S Heyderman, Kathryn E Holt, Virginia E Pitzer, Firdausi Qadri, K Zaman, Andrew J Pollard
INTRODUCTION: Invasive infections caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Paratyphi A are estimated to account for 12-27 million febrile illness episodes worldwide annually. Determining the true burden of typhoidal Salmonellae infections is hindered by lack of population-based studies and adequate laboratory diagnostics.The Strategic Typhoid alliance across Africa and Asia study takes a systematic approach to measuring the age-stratified burden of clinical and subclinical disease caused by typhoidal Salmonellae infections at three high-incidence urban sites in Africa and Asia...
July 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658825/uncovering-metabolic-syndrome-among-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-india
#11
Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, Jitendra Singh, Pradeep Gupta, M L Patel, Vivek Kumar, Shyam Chand Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is known to cause various systemic problems including Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). MetS is a group of cardiovascular risk factors. By assessing MetS, one can assess the cardiovascular disease risk. There is increasing evidence of MetS in COPD patients. However, the frequency of MetS and its individual components are not still been clearly shown which is likely to vary in different population. AIM: To know the extent of association of metabolic syndrome and its components in patients with COPD...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652958/lidocaine-induced-systemic-toxicity-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Badar Hasan, Talal Asif, Maryam Hasan
For the past 50 years, local anesthetics such as lidocaine have been commonly used in various clinical settings. Its use is not just limited to anesthesia and surgery but is also frequently utilized in internal medicine and in primary care setting for bedside procedures. Despite its widespread use, most physicians are not familiar with the life-threatening manifestations of lidocaine toxicity and its treatment. Our case demonstrates a successful resuscitation after cardiac arrest in a healthy 33-year-old female with systemic lidocaine toxicity after she received lidocaine as a local anesthetic...
May 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651923/randomized-controlled-trials-covering-pharmaceutical-care-and-medicines-management-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rozina Kousar, Ghulam Murtaza, Saira Azhar, Shujaat Ali Khan, Louise Curley
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of pharmaceutical care on hospitalizations, mortality and clinical outcomes in patients. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases to identify studies that were published between 2004 and January 2017. Studies included in this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that spanned across both community and hospital settings. Using strict inclusion/exclusion criteria studies were included if they reported level 1 or 2 outcomes in the hierarchy of outcome measure i...
June 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645980/association-between-human-herpesvirus-infections-and-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Harriet Forbes, Judith Breuer, Andrew C Hayward, Angelique Mavrodaris, Basil H Ridha, Martin Rossor, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth
INTRODUCTION: Persisting neurotropic viruses are proposed to increase the risk of dementia, but evidence of association from robust, adequately powered population studies is lacking. This is essential to inform clinical trials of targeted preventive interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a comprehensive systematic review of published and grey literature of the association between infection with, reactivation of, vaccination against or treatment of any of the eight human herpesviruses and dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645616/epidemiological-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-complicated-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome
#15
R Monte-Secades, M Blanco-Soto, J A Díaz-Peromingo, A Sanvisens-Bergé, M C Martín-González, A Barbosa, B Rosón-Hernández, M A Tejero-Delgado, R Puerta-Louro, R Rabuñal-Rey
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of epidemiological and sociodemographic factors in complicated alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicentre, observational prospective study was conducted on consecutively added patients with AWS hospitalised in internal medicine departments. We recorded sociodemographic, epidemiological, clinical and progression data. Complicated AWS was defined as that which progressed with seizures or delirium tremens...
June 20, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619299/comparative-cost-analysis-of-inpatient-integrative-medicine-results-of-a-pilot-study
#16
Thomas Ostermann, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Costs of integrative treatment alone and in comparison with other treatment approaches have scarcely been reported in the past. This study presents results of a comparative cost analysis of an inpatient integrative medicine treatment costs. METHODS: Data from 2006 for inpatients referred to a Department of Integrative Medicine in Germany were used. Case-related treatment costs were calculated, and transformed into Casemix-Indices and revenues per DRG...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614452/-profile-of-clinical-trials-enrolling-brazilian-children
#17
Jean Mendes de Lucena Vieira, Elisangela da Costa Lima, Marcelo Gerardin Poirot Land, Miriam Ventura, Helena Lutescia Luna Coelho
This study aimed to characterize the clinical trials with medicines enrolling Brazilian children and adolescents, registered in the databases of Clinical Trials and the Brazilian Clinical Trials Network (ReBEC) from 1994 to 2014. Only 462 clinical trials enrolled Brazilian children and adolescents. There was an increase in registrations beginning in 2003, with an important drop in 2011. Among these trials, 35.5% were hosted in Brazil. The international clinical trials were mostly conducted by North American companies...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603243/-erratum-an-unnoticed-origin-of-fever-periapical-tooth-abscess-three-case-reports-and-literature-review
#18
Ferhat Arslan, Ergenekon Karagöz, Birsen Yigit Arslan, Ali Mert
Erratum Following publication of the Original article An unnoticed origin of fever: Periapical tooth abscess - Three case reports and literature review (Infez. Med., volume 24, issue 1, pages 67-70, year 2016) We became aware that some authors were missing from the title page The correct list of the authors and affiliations is the following An unnoticed origin of fever: Periapical tooth abscess - Three case reports and literature review Ferhat Arslan1, Ergenekon Karagöz2, Mesut Yilmaz1, Ayse Batirel3, Birsen Yigit Arslan4, Nedim Ozer5, Nadir Alpay6, Ali Mert1 1Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul Medipol University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey 2Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Van Military Hospital, Van, Turkey 3Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey 4Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Esenyurt State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey 5Department of Dentistry, Istanbul Medipol University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey 6Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey...
June 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602566/dis-integration-of-communication-in-healthcare-education-workplace-learning-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
Marcy E Rosenbaum
The purpose of this paper, based on a 2016 Heidelberg International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) plenary presentation, is to examine a key problem in communication skills training for health professional learners. Studies have pointed to a decline in medical students' communication skills and attitudes as they proceed through their education, particularly during their clinical workplace training experiences. This paper explores some of the key factors in this disintegration, drawing on selected literature and highlighting some curriculum efforts and research conducted at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine as a case study of these issues...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589536/distinguishing-pathogenic-mutations-from-background-genetic-noise-in-cardiology-the-use-of-large-genome-databases-for-genetic-interpretation
#20
REVIEW
Jonas Ghouse, Morten W Skov, Robert S Bigseth, Gustav Ahlberg, Jørgen K Kanters, Morten S Olesen
Advances in clinical genetic testing has led to increased insight into the human genome, including how challenging it is to interpret rare genetic variation. In some cases, the ability to detect genetic mutations exceeds the ability to understand their clinical impact, limiting the advantage of these technologies. Obstacles in genomic medicine are many and include: understanding the level of certainty/uncertainty behind pathogenicity determination, the numerous different variant interpretation-guidelines used by clinical laboratories, delivering the certain or uncertain result to the patient, helping patients evaluate medical decisions in light of uncertainty regarding the consequence of the findings...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Genetics
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