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Feeding and eating disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#1
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738782/pathological-and-non-pathological-variants-of-restrictive-eating-behaviors-in-middle-childhood-a-latent-class-analysis
#2
Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Although restrictive eating behaviors are very common during early childhood, their precise nature and clinical correlates remain unclear. Especially, there is little evidence on restrictive eating behaviors in older children and their associations with children's shape concern. The present population-based study sought to delineate subgroups of restrictive eating patterns in N = 799 7-14 year old children. Using Latent Class Analysis, children were classified based on six restrictive eating behaviors (for example, picky eating, food neophobia, and eating-related anxiety) and shape concern, separately in three age groups...
May 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#3
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675593/prevalence-of-pica-and-rumination-behaviors-in-german-children-aged-7-14-and-their-associations-with-feeding-eating-and-general-psychopathology-a-population-based-study
#4
Andrea S Hartmann, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Despite potentially severe medical consequences of pica and rumination disorder (RD), little is known about their prevalence and association with other psychopathology in childhood. As a part of a larger population-based study, 804 children aged 7-14 years and their parents were asked about their experience of pica and RD behaviors, and associated eating, feeding and general psychopathology. A total of 12.31 and 11.49% of the participants reported having engaged in pica or RD behaviors, respectively, at least once...
April 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649515/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-body-image-disordered-eating-and-breastfeeding-among-postpartum-women
#5
Rachel F Rodgers, Jennifer L O'Flynn, Althea Bourdeau, Emily Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy. METHODS: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607713/association-of-24-h-maternal-deprivation-with-a-saline-injection-in-the-neonatal-period-alters-adult-stress-response-and-brain-monoamines-in-a-sex-dependent-fashion
#6
Rafael Cabbia, Amanda Consoli, Deborah Suchecki
Maternal deprivation (MD) disinhibits the adrenal glands, rendering them responsive to various stressors, including saline injection, and this increased corticosterone (CORT) response can last for as long as 2 h. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that association of MD on day 11 with a saline injection would alter emotional behavior, CORT response, and brain monoamine levels, in male and female adult rats. Rats were submitted to the novelty suppressed feeding (NSF), the sucrose negative contrast test (SNCT), social investigation test (SIT), and the elevated plus maze (EPM)...
April 1, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603398/gastrostomy-tube-feeding-in-children-with-developmental-or-acquired-disorders-a-longitudinal-comparison-on-healthcare-provision-and-eating-outcomes-4-years-after-gastrostomy
#7
Ellen Backman, Ann-Kristin Karlsson, Lotta Sjögreen
BACKGROUND: Studies on long-term feeding and eating outcomes in children requiring gastrostomy tube feeding (GT) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe children with developmental or acquired disorders receiving GT and to compare longitudinal eating and feeding outcomes. A secondary aim was to explore healthcare provision related to eating and feeding. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records of children in 1 administrative region of Sweden with GT placement between 2005 and 2012...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574216/activity-based-anorexia-activates-crf-immunoreactive-neurons-in-female-rats
#8
Sophie Scharner, Tiemo Friedrich, Miriam Goebel-Stengel, Peter Kobelt, Matthias Rose, Andreas Stengel
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is a well-established animal model mimicking the eating disorder anorexia nervosa (AN). Since the pathophysiology of AN is yet poorly understood and specific drug treatments are lacking so far, animal models might be useful to further understand this disease. ABA consists of time-restricted access to food for 1.5 h/day and the possibility to exercise in a running wheel for 24 h/day. This combination leads to robust body weight loss as observed in AN. Here, we investigated the activation of brain corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons, a transmitter involved in the response to stress, emotional processes and also food intake...
March 21, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528678/network-analysis-of-pediatric-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-a-treatment-seeking-transdiagnostic-sample
#9
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Markus Moessner, Kelsie T Forbush, Erin C Accurso, Daniel Le Grange
Classifying eating disorders in youth is challenging in light of developmental considerations and high rates of diagnostic migration. Understanding the transactional relationships among eating disorder symptoms, both across the transdiagnostic spectrum and within specific diagnostic categories, may clarify which core eating disorder symptoms contribute to, and maintain, eating-related psychopathology in youth. We utilized network analysis to investigate interrelationships among eating disorder symptoms in 636 treatment-seeking children and adolescents (90...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517250/predictors-of-eating-behavior-in-middle-childhood-a-hybrid-fixed-effects-model
#10
Oda Bjørklund, Jay Belsky, Lars Wichstrøm, Silje Steinsbekk
Children's eating behavior influences energy intake and thus weight through choices of type and amount of food. One type of eating behavior, food responsiveness, defined as eating in response to external cues such as the sight and smell of food, is particularly related to increased caloric intake and weight. Because little is known about the potential determinants of such behavior, we focus herein on child and parent predictors of food responsiveness in a large community sample of Norwegian 6-year-olds, followed up at ages 8 and 10...
March 8, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515353/intra-accumbens-raclopride-administration-prevents-behavioral-changes-induced-by-intermittent-access-to-sucrose-solution
#11
Josué O Suárez-Ortiz, Felipe Cortés-Salazar, Ariadna L Malagón-Carrillo, Verónica E López-Alonso, Juan M Mancilla-Díaz, Juan G Tejas-Juárez, Rodrigo E Escartín-Pérez
Overeating is one of the most relevant clinical features in Binge Eating Disorder and in some obesity patients. According to several studies, alterations in the mesolimbic dopaminergic transmission produced by non-homeostatic feeding behavior may be associated with changes in the reward system similar to those produced by drugs of abuse. Although it is known that binge-eating is related with changes in dopaminergic transmission mediated by D2 receptors in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS), it has not been determined whether these receptors may be a potential target for the treatment of eating pathology with binge-eating...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479232/a-shift-to-placing-parents-in-charge-does-it-improve-weight-gain-in-youth-with-anorexia
#12
Joanne L Gusella, Anna G Campbell, Kristin Lalji
Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as a promising approach for medically stable youth with anorexia nervosa (AN). While there is evidence that therapists embrace the core principles of FBT, most face barriers in implementing the model with fidelity. Little research has been conducted to determine whether adhering to the core methods of placing parents in charge are sufficient in restoring weight in youth with AN. This study involved a chart review of youth under 16 years of age, treated by a Canadian tertiary care health centre-based eating disorders team (EDT)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476894/sex-differences-in-the-neuroadaptations-of-reward-related-circuits-in-response-to-subchronic-variable-stress
#13
Song Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Stacy M Ku, Barbara Juarez, Carole Morel, Nikos Tzavaras, Sarah Montgomery, Georgia E Hodes, Anna Brancato, Scott J Russo, Jun-Li Cao, Ming-Hu Han
Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder. However, fewer studies in rodent models of depression have used female animals, leading to a relative lack of understanding of the female brain's response to stress, especially at a neural circuit level. In this study, we utilized a 6-day subchronic variable stress (SCVS) mouse model and measured novelty suppressed feeding as behavioral criteria to evaluate susceptibility to SCVS in male and female mice. First, we showed that SCVS induced a decrease in latency to eat (susceptible phenotype) in female mice, but not in males (resilient phenotype)...
April 15, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460915/-nutritional-support-to-patients-with-severe-blood-circulation-disorders
#14
S E Chuprina, O V Nebogina, N A Zhigulskaya
Eating disorders in stroke patients are always accompanied by structural and functional changes in the body, which leads to violations of adaptive reserves and trophic homeostasis. It is known that trophic homeostasis, together with optimal oxygen supply, forms the basis of the vital activity of the organism and is a necessary condition for overcoming of many pathological conditions. Insufficient nutrition leads to a slower recovery of patients, increases the risk of complications, predicts prolonged hospital stay, increases mortality...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456490/limited-access-to-a-high-fat-diet-alters-endocannabinoid-tone-in-female-rats
#15
Valentina Satta, Maria Scherma, Fabiana Piscitelli, Paolo Usai, M Paola Castelli, Tiziana Bisogno, Walter Fratta, Paola Fadda
Emerging evidence suggest an impaired endocannabinoid activity in the pathophysiology of binge eating disorder (BED). Herein, we investigated whether endocannabinoid tone could be modified as a consequence of dietary-induced binge eating in female rats. For this purpose, brain levels of the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), as well as two endocannabinoid-like lipids, oleoylethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), were assessed in different brain areas involved in the hedonic feeding (i...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455021/effect-of-dopamine-receptor-d4-drd4-haplotypes-on-general-psychopathology-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#16
Guillermo Gervasini, Luz M González, Carmen Gamero-Villarroel, Sonia Mota-Zamorano, Juan Antonio Carrillo, Isalud Flores, Angustias García-Herráiz
Among the many candidate genes analyzed in eating disorder (ED) patients, those involved in dopaminergic functions may be of special relevance, as dopamine is known to play a significant role in feeding behavior, the distortion of body image, hyperactivity and reward and reinforcement processes. We aimed to determine the effect of functional polymorphisms and haplotypes in the Dopamine Receptor D4 (DRD4) gene on general psychopathological symptoms in ED patients. Two-hundred-and-seventy-three ED patients [199 with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and 74 with Bulimia Nervosa (BN)] completed the SCL-90R inventory and were genotyped for four functional, clinically relevant DRD4 polymorphisms: three variants in the promoter region [120-bp tandem repeat (TR, long vs...
May 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437028/changes-in-the-peripheral-endocannabinoid-system-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-eating-disorders
#17
Anna Capasso, Walter Milano, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eating Disorder (ED) is characterized by persistently and severely disturbed eating behaviours. They arise from a combination of long-standing behavioural, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors and result in insufficient nutrient ingestion and/or adsorption. The three main EDs are: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. We review the role of peripheral endocannabinoids in eating behaviour. DISCUSSION: The neuronal pathways involved in feeding behaviours are closely related to catecholaminergic, serotoninergic and peptidergic systems...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410981/diet-and-microbiota-linked-in-health-and-disease
#18
REVIEW
T Requena, M C Martínez-Cuesta, C Peláez
Diet has shaped microbiota profiles through human evolution. Traditional gut microbiomes are described to be driven by high levels of Prevotella. In the present, however, it is consistently described a lower microbial richness in urban industrialized populations compared with individuals living in rural settings, Bacteroides being predominant among urban-industrial gut microbiomes. Components of diet are highly influential in shaping the gut microbiota, being fiber, fat, proteins, polyphenols and micronutrients differentially metabolized by generalist and specialized microorganisms alone or through the phenomenon of cross-feeding...
February 21, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399331/eating-disorders-in-children-is-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-feeding-disorder-or-an-eating-disorder-and-what-are-the-implications-for-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Grace A Kennedy, Madeline R Wick, Pamela K Keel
Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a current diagnosis in the "Feeding and Eating Disorders" section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition) and captures a heterogeneous presentation of eating disturbances. In recent years, ARFID has been studied primarily within the context of eating disorders despite having historical roots as a feeding disorder. The following review examines ARFID's similarities with and differences from feeding disorders and eating disorders, focusing on research published within the last three years...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383381/a-family-centered-feeding-intervention-to-promote-food-acceptance-and-decrease-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-asd-report-of-follow-up-data-on-a-train-the-trainer-model-using-eat-up
#20
Deirdre Muldoon, Joanna Cosbey
Purpose: This research note outlines the usefulness of Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP), a train-the-trainer, family-centered feeding intervention, for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This report is a follow-up on a pilot study (n = 4) of the EAT-UP intervention previously completed by the same authors. Method: Participants were 3 families of children with ASD receiving services from an outpatient department of a larger rehabilitation hospital in the northeastern United States...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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