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Adventist Health Study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701389/meal-frequency-and-timing-are-associated-with-changes-in-body-mass-index-in-adventist-health-study-2
#1
Hana Kahleova, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary E Fraser
Background: Scientific evidence for the optimal number, timing, and size of meals is lacking.Objective: We investigated the relation between meal frequency and timing and changes in body mass index (BMI) in the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2), a relatively healthy North American cohort.Methods: The analysis used data from 50,660 adult members aged ≥30 y of Seventh-day Adventist churches in the United States and Canada (mean ± SD follow-up: 7.42 ± 1.23 y). The number of meals per day, length of overnight fast, consumption of breakfast, and timing of the largest meal were exposure variables...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691170/the-body-mass-index-of-adolescents-attending-seventh-day-adventist-schools-in-australia-2001-2012
#2
Bevan A Craig, Darren P Morton, Lillian M Kent, Terry L Butler, Paul M Rankin, Kevin R Price
BACKGROUND: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. METHODS: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and weight, demographics (age, sex, year level, religion), and select health behaviors. RESULTS: Compared with national norms, lower rates of overweight and obesity were observed in the study cohort, but higher rates of underweight...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646928/the-association-between-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-and-incident-adenocarcinoma-subtype-of-lung-cancer
#3
Lida Gharibvand, W Lawrence Beeson, David Shavlik, Raymond Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary, Samuel Soret, Synnove F Knutsen
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most common lung cancer among non-smokers, but few studies have assessed the effect of PM2.5 on AC among never smokers. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between ambient PM2.5 and incident lung AC in the Adventist Health and Smog Study-2 (AHSMOG-2), a cohort of 80,044 non-smokers (81% never smokers) followed for 7.5 years (597,177 person-years) (2002-2011). METHODS: Incident lung AC was identified through linkage with U...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639252/ethnic-variations-in-serum-25-oh-d-levels-and-bone-ultrasound-attenuation-measurements-in-blacks-and-whites
#4
Rosario Sakamoto, D Thorpe, R Knutsen, L Beeson, S Knutsen
Vitamin D deficiency is more common in Blacks, yet Blacks have lower prevalence of bone fragility fractures or osteoporosis than Whites. Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) has been used to explore the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and bone quality in White and non-white populations. We investigated serum 25(OH)D status with corresponding BUA measurements assessed cross sectionally in a cohort of 232 Blacks and 260 Whites, aged 30-95 years who were part of the calibration study of the large Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435513/pathways-from-religion-to-health-mediation-by-psychosocial-and-lifestyle-mechanisms
#5
Kelly R Morton, Jerry W Lee, Leslie R Martin
Religiosity, often measured as attendance at religious services, is linked to better physical health and longevity though the mechanisms linking the two are debated. Potential explanations include: a healthier lifestyle, increased social support from congregational members, and/or more positive emotions. Thus far, these mechanisms have not been tested simultaneously in a single model though they likely operate synergistically. We test this model predicting all-cause mortality in Seventh-day Adventists, a denomination that explicitly promotes a healthy lifestyle...
February 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#6
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130879/variations-in-dietary-intake-and-plasma-concentrations-of-plant-sterols-across-plant-based-diets-among-north-american-adults
#7
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Dieter Lütjohann, Rawiwan Sirirat, Andrew Mashchak, Gary E Fraser, Ella Haddad
SCOPE: Phytosterols are bioactive compounds in plants with similar cholesterol-lowering properties as vegetarian diets. However, information on phytosterol intake and plasma plant sterols among vegetarians is sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined dietary intake and plasma concentration of plant sterols and cholesterol across five dietary patterns in the Adventist Health Study-2 Calibration Sub-study (n = 861, 66% females, average age 61 years). To measure intake and plasma concentrations of these compounds, we used 24-h dietary recalls and gas-liquid chromatography-flame ionization detection, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128767/chronic-neurodegenerative-illnesses-and-epilepsy-in-danish-adventists-and-baptists-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#8
Lau Caspar Thygesen, Louise NØrreslet Gimsing, Andrea Bautz, Niels Christian Hvidt, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge of the influence of lifestyle risk factors and religious living on chronic neurological diseases exists. Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) do not consume tobacco, alcohol, or pork, and many adhere to lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, and Baptists discourage excessive use of alcohol and tobacco. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the incidence of four common chronic neurological illnesses: dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and epilepsy in a large cohort of Danish Adventists and Baptists was different compared to the general Danish population...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122784/validating-polyphenol-intake-estimates-from-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-by-using-repeated-24-h-dietary-recalls-and-a-unique-method-of-triads-approach-with-2-biomarkers
#9
Nasira M Burkholder-Cooley, Sujatha S Rajaram, Ella H Haddad, Keiji Oda, Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Background: The assessment of polyphenol intake in free-living subjects is challenging, mostly because of the difficulty in accurately measuring phenolic content and the wide presence of phenolics in foods.Objective: The aims of this study were to evaluate the validity of polyphenol intake estimated from food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) by using the mean of 6 measurements of a 24-h dietary recall (24-HR) as a reference and to apply a unique method-of-triads approach to assess validity coefficients (VCs) between latent "true" dietary estimates, total urinary polyphenol (TUP) excretion, and a surrogate biomarker (plasma carotenoids)...
March 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921420/-frequency-and-timing-of-meals-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-adventist-health-study-2
#10
Hana Kahleová, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary Fraser
GOAL: Our study focuses on examining the relationship between the frequency and timing of meals and changes in BMI in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) which represents a relatively healthy population in North America. METHODOLOGY: A longitudinal analysis was undertaken using data from 48 673 individuals monitored over an average period of 7.43 ± 1.24 years. The number of meals per day, length of nighttime fasting, eating breakfast and timing of the largest meal of the day (breakfast 5-11 a...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864745/use-of-sedatives-antidepressants-and-antipsychotic-medicine-among-seventh-day-adventists-and-baptists-in-denmark
#11
Peter Rasmussen, Christoffer Johansen, Niels Christian Hvidt, Alex Kappel Kørup, Jens Søndergaard, Lau Caspar Thygesen
Earlier it has been found that female Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) and Baptists have an increased incidence of psychiatric affective disorders, in contrast to findings that religious practice is associated with better health. In this study, we examined whether the increase in incidence is due to less use of prescribed antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics by members of these religious societies than by the general population. In a cohort study, we examined records of all drugs redeemed by 3121 SDA and 2888 Baptists and 29,817 age- and gender-matched members of the general population between 1995 and 2010 in the Danish Prescription Register and compared the prevalence and incidence of use of antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738128/does-the-social-gradient-remain-in-the-dietary-habits-of-a-health-conscious-population-a-study-of-seventh-day-adventists-in-west-malaysia
#12
Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547290/the-role-of-religious-involvement-in-the-relationship-between-early-trauma-and-health-outcomes-among-adult-survivors
#13
Katia G Reinert, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Jerry W Lee, Sarah Szanton
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of religious involvement and related indicators - religious coping, intrinsic religiosity, forgiveness and gratitude - in reducing the negative impact of early traumatic stress on the mental and physical health of adult survivors. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze self-reported data of 10,283 Seventh-day Adventist men and women across North America. The study also included an original analysis on a subsample (n = 496) of the larger group, examining diabetes risk factors in conjunction with Adverse Childhood Events (ACE) data...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519054/the-association-between-ambient-fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-lung-cancer-incidence-results-from-the-ahsmog-2-study
#14
Lida Gharibvand, David Shavlik, Mark Ghamsary, W Lawrence Beeson, Samuel Soret, Raymond Knutsen, Synnove F Knutsen
BACKGROUND: There is a positive association between ambient fine particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and incidence and mortality of lung cancer (LC), but few studies have assessed the relationship between ambient PM2.5 and LC among never smokers. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between PM2.5 and risk of LC using the Adventist Health and Smog Study-2 (AHSMOG-2), a cohort of health conscious nonsmokers where 81% have never smoked...
March 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453769/spiritual-intimacy-marital-intimacy-and-physical-psychological-well-being-spiritual-meaning-as-a-mediator
#15
Karen J Holland, Jerry W Lee, Helen H Marshak, Leslie R Martin
OBJECTIVE: Intimacy is an essential part of marital relationships, spiritual relationships, and is also a factor in well-being, but there is little research simultaneously examining the links among spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, and well-being. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to examine associations among the latent variables-spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, spiritual meaning, and well-being-in a cross-sectional study of 5,720 married adults aged 29-100 years (M = 58...
August 2016: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188896/trans-fatty-acid-intake-is-related-to-emotional-affect-in-the-adventist-health-study-2
#16
Patricia A Ford, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jerry W Lee, Serena Tonstad
Trans fatty acids in Western diets increase health risks, and have been associated with the risk of depression. We hypothesized that intakes of trans fatty acids (primarily from margarines and baked goods) were inversely associated with positive affect and positively associated with negative affect in a longitudinal study. Church attendees residing in North America completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2002-6 as part of the Adventist Health Study-2. A subset in which we excluded participants with established cardiovascular disease (n=8,771) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 2006-7...
June 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167653/comparative-study-of-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-of-adventists-and-non-adventists-from-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-state-in-the-period-from-2003-to-2009
#17
Elizabete Regina Araújo Oliveira, Nágela Valadão Cade, Ana Paula Costa Velten, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Eduardo Faerstein
INTRODUCTION: Populations with healthier habits have been investigated regarding their pattern of disease occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at evaluating mortality patterns (all-cause, cardiovascular diseases) among members of the Seventh-day Adventists Church in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, and to compare those with the mortality rates in the State population. METHODS: The study investigated 14.519 living Adventists and 995 deaths among those aged ≥ 30 years old from 2003 to 2009...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127938/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-diseases-asthma-and-neurodegenerative-diseases
#18
Alexander Medina-Remón, Richard Kirwan, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Ramón Estruch
Diet and lifestyle play a significant role in the development chronic diseases; however the full complexity of this relationship is not yet understood. Dietary pattern investigation, which reflects the complexity of dietary intake, has emerged as an alternative and complementary approach for examining the association between diet and chronic diseases. Literature on this association has largely focused on individual nutrients, with conflicting outcomes, but individuals consume a combination of foods from many groups that form dietary patterns...
April 29, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080936/comparison-of-polyphenol-intakes-according-to-distinct-dietary-patterns-and-food-sources-in-the-adventist-health-study-2-cohort
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nasira Burkholder-Cooley, Sujatha Rajaram, Ella Haddad, Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Evidence suggests a relationship between polyphenol intake and health benefits. Polyphenol intake among a large US cohort with diverse dietary practices ranging from meatless to omnivorous diets has not been previously evaluated. The primary aim of this study was to compare polyphenol intakes of several vegetarian and non-vegetarian dietary patterns and to assess phenolic intake by food source. To characterise dietary intake, a FFQ was administered to 77 441 participants of the Adventist Health Study-2. Dietary patterns were defined based on the absence of animal food consumption as vegan, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian and non-vegetarian...
June 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010212/religiosity-dietary-habit-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetable-and-vegetarian-status-among-seventh-day-adventists-in-west-malaysia
#20
Min-Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
Religion has been shown to be salutary on health, and a possible link between religion and positive health outcomes is diet. Research has shown that religiosity is associated with better diet but most studies were conducted in a multi-denominational context, which might be confounded with theological differences. This study examined the relationship between religiosity and diet within a homogenous group of believers. Data from survey of 574 Seventh-Day Adventists residing in West Malaysia, aged 18-80, were analyzed using multiple regressions...
2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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