Read by QxMD icon Read

cesarean indications

Evangelia Elenis, Gunilla Sydsjö, Alkistis Skalkidou, Claudia Lampic, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies resulting through oocyte donation have been associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes for the mother, such as gestational hypertensive disorders. However, little is known about possible neonatal complications of such pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neonatal health outcomes among singleton pregnancies in a population of relatively young and healthy oocyte recipients in Sweden, taking into account the medical indication leading to treatment...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: The WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve quality of obstetric care worldwide. This study aimed to study the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a district hospital in rural Rwanda by applying this approach. METHODS: A facility based, prospective cohort study conducted at a district hospital in rural Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. Subjects were followed from time of admission to discharge or death...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Susanne Hesselman, Maria Jonsson, Eva-Britta Råssjö, Monika Windling, Ulf Högberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the maternal complications associated with cesarean section (CS) in the extremely preterm period according to the gestational week (GW) and to indication of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective case-referent study with a review of medical records of women who delivered at 22-27 weeks of gestation (n=647) at two level III units in Sweden. For abdominal delivery, gestational length was stratified into 22-24 (n=105) and 25-27 (n=301) weeks...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Masaki Ogawa, Yoshio Matsuda, Akihito Nakai, Masako Hayashi, Shoji Sato, Shigeki Matsubara
OBJECTIVES: Placental weight (PW) and fetal/placental weight ratio (F/P) have been considered to be useful parameters for understanding the pathophysiology of fetal growth. However, there have been no standard data on PW and F/P in Asian populations. This study was conducted to establish nomograms of PW and F/P in the Japanese population and to clarify characteristics of PW and F/P in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Included in the study were 79,590 Japanese cases: 58,871 vaginal and 20,719 cesarean deliveries at obstetrical facilities (2001-2002) and registered to the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Database...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
M Eslier, M Lemonnier, M Koné, S Roumieux, M Dreyfus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to compare the mode of delivery after a caesarean performed before 28 weeks of gestation compared to a control group of patients who had a caesarean at term. Our secondary objective was to compare the risk of uterine rupture in these both groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control was realised in a level III maternal center between the 1st of January 2001 and the 31th of December 2010. All patients who underwent caesarean section between 22 and 28 weeks of gestation were included, regardless of the indication of caesarean section, their gender and type of pregnancy (single or multiple)...
October 13, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Serena Xodo, Gabriele Saccone, Ewoud Schuit, Isis Amer-Wåhlin, Vincenzo Berghella
Recently, a meta-analysis, including 26,526 laboring vertex singletons at term, summarized all available level-1 data from six high-quality randomized clinical trials on the use of ST analysis (STAN) during labor as an adjunct to conventional intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring. The meta-analysis showed that STAN did not improve perinatal outcomes or decrease cesarean deliveries. Nonetheless there are still reasons to believe STAN may have a role in the future research on intrapartum fetal monitoring. Out of six trials included in the meta-analysis, two included all cephalic singletons in labor, and four enrolled only high-risk pregnant women...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Johanna Quist-Nelson, Kathryn Landers, Rebekah McCurdy, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version (ECV) increases the likelihood of a vaginal delivery in patients with breech presentation. Our objective was to determine the rate of cephalic vaginal delivery in women undergoing ECV after PROM. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all case reports, case series, and clinical trials of patients undergoing an ECV after PROM ≥ 24 weeks. Maternal demographics and outcome data were obtained. The primary outcome was rate of cephalic vaginal delivery...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nada Aracic, Ivica Stipic, Ivana Jakus Alujevic, Petar Poljak, Mario Stipic
AIM: To evaluate the influence of cervical length (CL) and parity as prediction factors for assessment of cesarean section (CS) risk in women with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term and unfavorable cervix, undergoing induction of labor (IOL) with dinoprostone intracervical gel. METHODS: A prospective study involved 50 nulliparous and 51 multiparous women admitted for IOL. Pre-induction CL was measured and delivery outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Nulliparous women were younger than the multiparous (26...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Marie-Noëlle Bélanger-Lévesque, Marc Dumas, Simon Blouin, Jean-Charles Pasquier
BACKGROUND: While spirituality is well described in end-of-life care literature, research on its place in the delivery room remains largely limited to mother-oriented qualitative studies focusing on life-threatening situations (e.g., high-risk pregnancies). Our aim was to compare mothers' and fathers' spirituality during childbirth. METHODS: A mixed methods questionnaire was developed from our childbirth-related spirituality categorization and distributed to all parents of newborns, 12-24 h postpartum, over 45 consecutive days...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Xiangdi Yu, Fangxiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain during cesarean delivery is one of the more common reasons for a successful medicolegal claim. However, creating an extensive block area can result in hypotension, so determining the precise dose of local anesthetic is critical. OBJECTIVES: Investigate effects of parturient height on the median effective dose (ED50) of intrathecally-administered ropivacaine. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional analytic study. SETTING: Anesthesiology department in a provinicial hospital in China...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Mohamed Derbel, Dhia Mekki, Abir Riahi, Kaouther Dimassi, Mhamed Sami Mebazaa, Mohamed Faouzi Gara
Background Although Oxytocin is used systematically during caesarean section, no recommendation precise optimal dose for this indication. The bolus administration of 10 IU intravenously after extraction of the newborn, is accompanied by side effects mainly hemodynamic. Objectives To compare two Oxytocin protocols:  05 IU bolus Vs. 10 IU bolus during Cesarean section by studying their respective effectiveness (effects on uterine tone) and adverse effects. Methods A prospective randomized double-blind study including 87 term parturients for undergoing a C-section under loco regional anesthesia...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Shoaleh Shami, Karim Nasseri, Mousa Shirmohammadi, Farzad Sarshivi, Negin Ghadami, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Mokhtar Pouladi, Arvin Barzanji
INTRODUCTION: Shivering is among the unpleasant and potentially harmful side effects of spinal anesthesia. The aim of this randomized double-blind clinical trial was to compare the antishivering effect of two different doses of intrathecal pethidine on the incidence and intensity of shivering and other side effects in patients who underwent cesarean section. METHODS: In this study, 150 parturient females scheduled for nonemergent cesarean section were randomly allocated to three groups...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Shiue-Shan Weng, Chen-Li Lin, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
This study aimed to examine the association of social support, social factors, and maternal complications with cesarean deliveries in native and immigrant women, and to explore the association between acculturation and cesarean deliveries in immigrant women in Taiwan. This prospective panel study was conducted from August 2012 through April 2014 and included 222 native and 147 immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. Cesarean rates did not differ significantly between native and immigrant women, including the overall cesarean rate (28...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Paweł J Stanirowski, Anna Kociszewska, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
INTRODUCTION: Incisional surgical site infections (SSIs) occur in approximately 1.8-9.2% of patients undergoing cesarean section (CS) and contribute to prolonged hospitalization time and increased treatment costs. Dressings impregnated with dialkylcarbamoyl chloride (DACC) are an innovative approach to wound treatment based on a solely physical mechanism of action, and therefore can be used safely and without time restrictions in women during the puerperal and lactation period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-blinded randomized, controlled pilot study was conducted at the Mazovian Bródno Hospital, a tertiary care hospital, between December 2013 and March 2014, and it evaluated the presence of superficial and deep SSIs in patients during the first 14 days after a CS...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
M Bourdon, P F Ceccaldi, G Girard, M Koskas, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVES: To study inter-observer variability of decision concerning the route of delivery using pelvimetry in case of one previous cesarean section and abnormal pelvic measures. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Observational study conducted in 2014 in 4 university maternity units among 36 obstetricians. Two groups of obstetricians - as they practiced in a center where pelvimetry was routinely performed (n=12) or not (n=24) - had to choose a route of delivery for 10 clinical cases of women with a single uterine scar and a tight pelvis...
September 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Mahmoud H Ibrahim, Asmaa N Moustafa, Ahmed A Fadil Saedii, Ebtesam E Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity and we measure cord blood erythropoietin and NRBC count as indices of hypoxia and predictors of neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective cohort study was done in Minia University Hospital, carried out from May 2015 to April 2016.270 full term neonates born to mothers of various body mass indices were included .Excluded were neonates with major factors known to be associated with a potential increase in fetal erythropoiesis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Daniela Cantone, Concetta Paola Pelullo, Mariagrazia Cancellieri, Francesco Attena
BACKGROUND: Among European Countries, Italy has the highest rate of cesarean section (36.8%), and in the Campania region this rate reaches 60.0%. QUESTION: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate whether participation in antenatal classes during pregnancy reduces the rate of cesarean delivery in southern Italy. METHODS: We selected three local health authorities, with the lowest, the highest, and an intermediate rate of cesarean delivery...
September 26, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Raphael Câmara, Marcelo Burlá, José Ferrari, Lana Lima, Joffre Amim, Antonio Braga, Jorge Rezende
Cesarean section by maternal request is the one performed on a pregnant woman without medical indication and without contraindication to vaginal delivery. There is great controversy over requested cesarean section. Potential risks include complications in subsequent pregnancies, such as uterine rupture, placenta previa and accreta. Potential benefits of requested cesareans include a lower risk of postpartum hemorrhage in the first cesarean and fewer surgical complications compared with vaginal delivery. Cesarean section by request should never be performed before 39 weeks...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Eran Hadar, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
PURPOSE: Maternal age is an important consideration for antenatal care, labor and delivery. We aimed to evaluate the induction of labor (IoL) failure rates among elderly nulliparous women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all nulliparous women at 34 + 0 to 41 + 6 weeks, undergoing cervical ripening by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) vaginal insert. Study group included elderly (≥35 years) nulliparous and control group included non-elderly (<35 years) nulliparous women...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Dimitrios Papoutsis, Angeliki Antonakou, Adam Gornall, Chara Tzavara, Michelle Mohajer
PURPOSE: To develop a risk-assessment model for the prediction of emergency cesarean section (CS) in women having induction of labor (IOL). METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of women with IOL for any indication between 2007 and 2013. Women induced for stillbirths and with multiple pregnancies were excluded. The primary objective was to identify risk factors associated with CS delivery and to construct a risk-prediction tool. RESULTS: 6169 women were identified with mean age of 28...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"