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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344079/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-intent-among-mothers-of-newborn-babies-in-da-nang-viet-nam
#1
Phuong Thi Kim Nguyen, Hoang Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Thanh Thai, Kirsty Foster, Christine L Roberts, Ben J Marais
Background: Breastfeeding is recognized as the single most cost-effective intervention to reduce child morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have explored perceived barriers to breastfeeding and factors associated with breastfeeding intent among mothers of newborn babies in Viet Nam. We conducted a study to assess breastfeeding initiation rates, intent to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months or more and perceived barriers to breastfeed among mothers of newborn babies in Da Nang, Viet Nam...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343991/trends-and-inequities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-indonesia-1986-2012
#2
Herfina Y Nababan, Md Hasan, Tiara Marthias, Rolina Dhital, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar
Purpose: Overall health status indicators have improved significantly over the past three decades in Indonesia. However, the country's maternal mortality ratio remains high with a stark inequality by region. Fewer studies have explored access inequity in maternal health care service over time using multiple inequality markers. In this study, we analyzed Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data to explore trends and inequities in use of any antenatal care (ANC), four or more ANC (ANC4+), institutional birth, and cesarean section (c-section) birth in Indonesia during 1986-2012 to inform policy for future strategies ending preventable maternal deaths...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338000/progression-of-the-first-stage-of-spontaneous-labour-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-two-sub-saharan-african-countries
#3
Olufemi T Oladapo, Joao Paulo Souza, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Gleici Perdoná, Domingos Alves, Hayala Souza, Rodrigo Reis, Livia Oliveira-Ciabati, Alexandre Maiorano, Adesina Akintan, Francis E Alu, Lawal Oyeneyin, Amos Adebayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Miriam Nakalembe, Hadiza A Idris, Ola Okike, Fernando Althabe, Vanora Hundley, France Donnay, Robert Pattinson, Harshadkumar C Sanghvi, Jen E Jardine, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua P Vogel, Mary Ellen Stanton, Meghan Bohren, Jun Zhang, Tina Lavender, Jerker Liljestrand, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Matthews Mathai, Rajiv Bahl, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Escalation in the global rates of labour interventions, particularly cesarean section and oxytocin augmentation, has renewed interest in a better understanding of natural labour progression. Methodological advancements in statistical and computational techniques addressing the limitations of pioneer studies have led to novel findings and triggered a re-evaluation of current labour practices. As part of the World Health Organization's Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty (BOLD) project, which aimed to develop a new labour monitoring-to-action tool, we examined the patterns of labour progression as depicted by cervical dilatation over time in a cohort of women in Nigeria and Uganda who gave birth vaginally following a spontaneous labour onset...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336477/intraoperative-adverse-events-associated-with-extremely-preterm-cesarean-deliveries
#4
Charline Bertholdt, Sophie Menard, Pierre Delorme, Marie-Charlotte Lamau, François Goffinet, Camille Le Ray
INTRODUCTION: At the same time as survival is increasing among premature babies born before 26 weeks of gestation, the rates of cesarean deliveries before 26 weeks is also rising. Our purpose was to compare the frequency of intraoperative adverse events during cesarean deliveries at two gestational age groups: 24-25 weeks and 26-27 weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study included all women with cesarean deliveries performed before 28+0 weeks from 2007 through 2015...
January 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324608/quality-assurance-practices-in-obstetric-care-a-survey-of-hospitals-in-california
#5
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Henry C Lee, Grace Villarin Dueñas, Kimberly D Gregory, Holly K Grossetta Nardini, Christian M Pettker, Jessica L Illuzzi, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess hospital practices in obstetric quality management activities and identify institutional characteristics associated with utilization of evidence-supported practices. METHODS: Data for this study came from a statewide survey of obstetric hospitals in California regarding their organization and delivery of perinatal care. We analyzed responses from 185 hospitals that completed quality assurance sections of the survey to assess their practices in a broad spectrum of quality enhancement activities...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320992/caesarean-delivery-related-blood-transfusion-correlates-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southwest-nigeria
#6
Fatimat M Akinlusi, Kabiru A Rabiu, Idayat A Durojaiye, Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Tawaqualit A Ottun, Yusuf A Oshodi
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery carries a risk of major intra-operative blood loss and its performance is often delayed by non-availability of blood and blood products. Unnecessary cross-matching and reservation of blood lead to apparent scarcity in centres with limited supply. This study set out to identify the risk factors for blood transfusion in women who underwent caesarean delivery at a tertiary obstetric unit with a view to ensuring efficient blood utilization. METHODS: A prospective cohort analysis of 906 women who had caesarean deliveries at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria between January and December, 2011...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316371/asthma-and-atopic-dermatitis-after-early-late-and-post-term-birth
#7
Päivi Korhonen, Paula Haataja, Riitta Ojala, Mikko Hirvonen, Matti Korppi, Marita Paassilta, Jukka Uotila, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi Tammela
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and risk factors of asthma and atopic dermatitis by seven years of age after early-term (ET) (37+0 -38+6 weeks), full-term (FT) (39+0 -40+6 weeks), late-term (LT) (41+0 -41+6 weeks), and especially post-term (PT) (≥42 weeks) birth. METHODS: Altogether, 965 203 infants born between 1991 and 2008 in Finland were investigated in ET, FT, LT, and PT groups. Data on asthma medication reimbursement and hospital visits for atopic dermatitis were retrieved from national health databases...
January 5, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316014/effects-of-daytime-versus-night-time-cesarean-deliveries-on-stage-ii-lactogenesis
#8
Gülşah İlhan, Fatma V Atmaca, Ayşenur Çümen, Ali G Zebitay, Emre S Güngör, Ayşe F G Karasu
AIM: The circadian timing system has a rhythm and one of the roles of this system is the mediation of hormonal and metabolic adaptations to lactation. This study was conducted to determine whether the time to stage II lactogenesis differed in women who underwent cesarean section (CS) in the daytime (DT) or night-time (NT). METHODS: This study was conducted at Süleymaniye Research and Education Hospital between June and December 2016. Two hundred and eighty-eight mothers who had a cesarean delivery and their healthy singleton neonates were included...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314234/institutional-setting-and-wealth-gradients-in-cesarean-delivery-rates-evidence-from-six-developing-countries
#9
Ardeshir Sepehri
BACKGROUND: The influence of the type of institutional setting on cesarean delivery is well documented. However, the traditional boundaries between public and private providers have become increasingly blurred with the commercialization of the state health sector that allows providers to tailor the quantity and quality of care according to patients' ability to pay. This study examined wealth-related variations in cesarean rates in six lower- and upper-middle income countries: the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guatemala, Jordan, Pakistan, and the Philippines...
January 4, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298964/-assessment-of-relationship-between-doppler-flows-in-pregnancies-after-41-week-and-the-incidence-of-cesarean-sections-with-induced-labour
#10
Hanna Makles, Jacek R Wilczyński
HASH(0x48f8618) AIM: The aim of the study was to assess a relationship between the Doppler flows in foetal vessels, i.e. the middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UMA), umbilical vein (UV) and ductus venosus (DV) as well as in maternal vessels, i.e. the right uterine artery (UAR), left uterine artery (UAL) and the incidence of cesarean sections in pregnancies after 41 week with induced labour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 130 pregnant women, including 100 pregnant women, between 41 and 42 weeks of gestation, in whom induced labour resulted in a cesarean section due to three main indications: lack of progress of labour (Group I-44), signs of foetal distress (Group II-32) and lack of response to induced labour (Group III-24)...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273264/early-elective-delivery-disparities-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-women-after-statewide-policy-implementation
#11
Katy B Kozhimannil, Ifeoma Muoto, Blair G Darney, Aaron B Caughey, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Oregon implemented a policy that reduced the state's rate of early (before 39 weeks' gestation) elective (without medical need) births. OBJECTIVE: This analysis measured differential policy effects by race, examining whether Oregon's policy was associated with changes in non-Hispanic Black-White disparities in early elective cesarean and labor induction. METHODS: We used Oregon birth certificate data, defining prepolicy (2008-2010) and postpolicy (2012-2014) periods, including non-Hispanic Black and White women who gave birth during these periods (n = 121,272)...
December 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262486/-association-between-elective-cesarean-section-and-infants-developmental-behaviors-a-cohort-study
#12
Y F Sun, K Huang, Y B Hu, H Gao, Y Niu, X Y Tao, R W Tao, P Zhu, F B Tao
Objective: To investigate the effect of elective cesarean section (ECS) on infants' developmental behaviors. Methods: A total of 3 474 pregnant women living in Ma'anshan more than 6 months and accepting obstetric examination in Ma'anshan Maternal and Child Care Center were recruited from May 2013 to September 2014. Excluding participants with pregnancy termination (162), twin pregnancy (39), assisted delivery (14), emergency cesarean section (76) and unclear delivery mode (141), 3 042 pair of mother and infant entered the final analysis...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249007/human-umbilical-cord-blood-cd45-pan-hematopoietic-cells-induced-a-neurotherapeutic-effect-in-mice-with-traumatic-brain-injury-immunophenotyping-comparison-of-maternal-and-neonatal-parameters-and-immunomodulation
#13
Galit Gincberg, Esther Shohami, Philip Lazarovici, Uriel Elchalal
Human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) transplantation has become an alternative cell therapy for hematological and oncological malignancies in the clinic and is considered for neurological disorders. The heterogeneity in the content of the different stem and progenitor cells composing HUCB mononuclear cells (MNC) may influence their engraftment and neurotherapeutic effect. We hypothesized that CD45 pan-hematopoietic marker expression is heterogeneous in MNC, and therefore, CD45+ subpopulation enrichment for neurotherapy may provide a tool to overcome cellular variance in different HUCB units...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245247/accuracy-of-intrapartum-fetal-blood-gas-analysis-by-scalp-sampling-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Ziad Hilal, Jennifer Mrkvicka, Günther A Rezniczek, Askin Dogan, Clemens B Tempfer
Fetal blood gas analysis (FBGA) using scalp blood is commonly used to identify serious fetal distress. However, there is a lack of data regarding its accuracy and reliability. The aim of this study was to determine the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of FBGA for predicting postpartum acidosis in case of nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracings (NRFHRT). To this end, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton term deliveries with NRFHRT according to Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique and Fisher cardiotocography scores undergoing FBGA in a university hospital...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231912/-cerebroplacental-ratio-cpr-and-amniotic-fluid-index-afi-as-prognostic-factors-of-terminating-pregnancy-with-cesarean-section-after-induction-of-labour
#15
Hanna Makles, Jacek R Wilczyński
HASH(0x4762c00) AIM: The aim of the study was to estimate the value of the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in pregnancies after 41 week as prognostic factors of terminating pregnancy with cesarean section after induction of labour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 130 pregnant women, including 100 women, between 41 and 42 weeks of gestation, in whom induced labour resulted in a cesarean section due to three main indications: lack of progress of labour - group I - 44 pregnant women, signs of foetal distress - group II - 32 pregnant women and lack of response to induced labour - group III - 24 pregnant women...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229362/french-validation-and-adaptation-of-the-grobman-nomogram-for-prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#16
Jean-Baptiste Haumonte, Mélina Raylet, Marie Christophe, Franck Mauviel, Armelle Bertrand, Raoul Desbriere, Claude d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predict vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226752/influence-of-time-of-delivery-on-risk-of-adverse-neonatal-outcome-in-different-size-of-delivery-units-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-finland
#17
Elina Karalis, Mika Gissler, Anna-Maija Tapper, Veli-Matti Ulander
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of time of birth on adverse neonatal outcome in singleton term hospital births. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical Birth Register Data in Finland from 2005 to 2009. Study population was all hospital births (n = 263,901), excluding multiple pregnancies, preterm births <37 weeks, major congenital anomalies or birth defects, and antepartum stillbirths. Main outcome measures were either 1-minute Apgar score 0-3, 5-minute Apgar score 0-6, or umbilical artery pH <7...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215514/misoprostol-with-foley-bulb-compared-with-misoprostol-alone-for-cervical-ripening-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zainab Al-Ibraheemi, Lois Brustman, Brianne E Bimson, Natalie Porat, Barak Rosenn
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cervical ripening using a combination of misoprostol and a transcervical Foley bulb leads to delivery within a shorter time compared with misoprostol alone. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was offered to women admitted for cervical ripening. Inclusion criteria were gestational age 37 weeks or greater with intact membranes, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, and Bishop score 6 or less. Exclusion criteria included, among others, prior uterine surgery, ruptured membranes, and any contraindication to vaginal delivery...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212464/sexual-dysfunction-and-mode-of-delivery-in-chinese-primiparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Dazhi Fan, Song Li, Wen Wang, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Up to now, there is controversy over the effect of delivery mode cesarean delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery on sexual function. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis in postpartum women to explore the mode of delivery, cesarean delivery, and spontaneous vaginal delivery and differences in postpartum sexual function (short- and long-term) in Chinese primiparous women. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biological Medical Literature database and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database were conducted to identify any study in each database published to August 31, 2017...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208680/subtle-modifications-to-oxytocin-produce-ligands-that-retain-potency-and-improved-selectivity-across-species
#20
Markus Muttenthaler, Åsa Andersson, Irina Vetter, Rohit Menon, Marta Busnelli, Lotten Ragnarsson, Christian Bergmayr, Sarah Arrowsmith, Jennifer R Deuis, Han Sheng Chiu, Nathan J Palpant, Margaret O'Brien, Terry J Smith, Susan Wray, Inga D Neumann, Christian W Gruber, Richard J Lewis, Paul F Alewood
Oxytocin and vasopressin mediate various physiological functions that are important for osmoregulation, reproduction, cardiovascular function, social behavior, memory, and learning through four G protein-coupled receptors that are also implicated in high-profile disorders. Targeting these receptors is challenging because of the difficulty in obtaining ligands that retain selectivity across rodents and humans for translational studies. We identified a selective and more stable oxytocin receptor (OTR) agonist by subtly modifying the pharmacophore framework of human oxytocin and vasopressin...
December 5, 2017: Science Signaling
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