keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145693/early-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Sanjay M Aher
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia and to provide neuro protection and protection against necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ESAs (erythropoietin (EPO) and/or Darbe) initiated early (before eight days after birth) compared with placebo or no intervention in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, adverse neurological outcomes, and feeding intolerance including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141590/health-nutrition-and-development-of-children-born-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-in-rural-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Catherine M Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medical comorbidities, yet little is known about their developmental outcomes in low-income countries. This study evaluated the health, nutritional, and developmental status of preterm/LBW children at ages 1-3 years in Rwanda. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of preterm/LBW infants discharged between October 2011 and October 2013 from a hospital neonatal unit in rural Rwanda...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131241/insulin-like-growth-factor-i-reduces-the-occurrence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-by-reducing-inflammatory-response-and-protecting-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-in-neonatal-rats-model
#3
F Tian, G-R Liu, N Li, G Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of enteral supplement of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) on dynamic changes of TLR4, NF-κB, IL-6, SIgA and MUC2 in intestinal tissues of neonatal rats, and to investigate the protective effects and possible mechanisms of IGF-1 on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific pathogen free (SPF) neonatal Sprague Dawley (SD) rats aged 3 days old were randomly divided into 3 groups, namely, normal control group, NEC model group and IGF-1 intervention group...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131125/splanchnic-cerebral-oxygenation-ratio-decreases-during-enteral-feedings-in-anemic-preterm-infants-observations-under-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#4
Katherine Braski, Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, Manndi Loertscher, Qian Ding, Xiaoming Sheng, Mariana Baserga
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in premature infants. Due to risks with red blood cell transfusions, many anemic infants are not transfused. The implications of this pathophysiologic status, especially at times of increased metabolic demand (enteral feedings), is not well understood. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows for the noninvasive determination of regional oxygen saturations (rSO2) in tissues such as the brain and mesentery, giving insight into their oxygen sufficiency. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that during enteral feedings very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a hematocrit ≤28% will experience a decrease in splanchnic rSO2 and splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR)...
November 8, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130825/late-preterm-infants-early-term-infants-and-timing-of-elective-deliveries-current-status-in-a-korean-medical-center
#5
Hyun Suna Ko, Yu-Ria Jang, Hanggooa Yun, Jeonga Ha Wie, Sae Kyunga Choi, In Yanga Park, Jong Chula Shin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the current perinatal outcomes among infants born late preterm and early term compared to those born full term and evaluate the optimal gestational age for delivery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study for births occurred at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital over the past 7 years. Statistical comparison was performed using χ(2) test and multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 7580 women met the study criteria...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130703/nutritional-practices-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-national-survey
#6
Gerardo Rodríguez-Martínez, Eduardo Narbona, Marcos Linés, María Gormaz, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón, Ricardo Closa, José Uberos, Carlos Zozaya, María L Couce
BACKGROUND: Significant efforts have been made to improve the nutritional support of very preterm infants. Large surveys may help to know the nutritional practices for preterm infants in neonatal units and identify if they are in line with the current guidelines. METHODS: A multicentre nationwide web-based survey on clinical feeding practices in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was conducted in tertiary neonatal hospitals that admit infants with a birth weight < 1,500 g and/or a gestational age of < 32 weeks...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130702/-short-medium-and-long-term-benefits-of-human-milk-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Bibiana Chinea Jiménez, Yumana Awad Parada, Antonio Villarino Marín, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos
AIM: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of human milk feeding during the first weeks of life in very low birth weight infants on weight gain at discharge, length of hospitalization, postmenstrual age at discharge and nutritional assessment, growth and neurodevelopment at two and five years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Longitudinal study of very-low-birth-weight infants (< 1,500 grams) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of La Paz University Hospital, from January 1st 2009 to December 31st 2009, followed in the follow-up clinic...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130288/optimising-early-neonatal-nutrition-using-translational-research-methodology
#8
Denise Page, Melissa Gilroy, Elizabeth Hurrion, Lisa Clark, Shelley Wilkinson
AIM: Preterm birth has been described as a 'nutritional emergency', with these infants often born with minimal nutrition reserves. Failure to provide adequate early nutrition jeopardises growth and neurodevelopment. Consensual nutrition guidelines exist for infants who weigh <1500 g; however, audits have identified shortfalls in their adherence, consequently highlighting an evidence-practice gap. This work aimed to identify the barriers to the delivery of early optimal nutrition in a tertiary-level Neonatal Critical Care Unit to inform an implementation project to ensure best practice care...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127961/fundoplication
#9
REVIEW
Bethany J Slater, Steven S Rothenberg
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition in infants. Symptoms from pathologic GERD include regurgitation, irritability when feeding, failure to thrive, and respiratory problems. Treatment typically starts with dietary modifications and postural changes. Antireflux medications may then be added. Indications for operative management in neonates and infants include poor weight gain, failure to thrive, acute life-threatening events, and continued respiratory symptoms. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has become the standard of care for surgical treatment of children with GERD...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123503/hyperleptinemia-in-neonatally-overfed-female-rats-does-not-dysregulate-feeding-circuitry
#10
Ilvana Ziko, Luba Sominsky, Thai-Xinh Nguyen, Kit-Yi Yam, Simone De Luca, Aniko Korosi, Sarah J Spencer
Neonatal overfeeding during the first weeks of life in male rats is associated with a disruption in the peripheral and central leptin systems. Neonatally overfed male rats have increased circulating leptin in the first 2 weeks of life, which corresponds to an increase in body weight compared to normally fed counterparts. These effects are associated with a short-term disruption in the connectivity of neuropeptide Y (NPY), agouti-related peptide (AgRP), and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons within the regions of the hypothalamus responsible for control of energy balance and food intake...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122829/retrospective-cohort-analysis-on-pancreatic-enzyme-substitution-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-with-postnatal-growth-failure
#11
Julian O Ziegler, Christoph Maas, Wolfgang Bernhard, Joerg Arand, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pancreatic enzyme substitution (PES) in selected very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with poor postnatal growth despite intensified nutritional support. DESIGN: Retrospective historic cohort study with matched controls. SETTING: Single level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Infants with a gestational age at birth <32 weeks and birth weight <1500 g born between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014 (n=26) who received PES for restricted postnatal growth despite intensified enteral nutritional support in comparison with infants matched for birth weight, birth year, gestational and postnatal age (n=52)...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120457/management-of-neonatal-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-by-peritoneal-needle-aspiration
#12
M Gébus, J-L Michel, S Samperiz, L Harper, J-L Alessandri, D Ramful
OBJECTIVE: To describe conservative management of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in preterm infants using peritoneal needle aspiration (PNA). STUDY DESIGN: Monocentric retrospective review of SIP cases treated primarily by PNA between 1999 and 2015 (n=31). RESULTS: Mean gestational age was 29.2±2.4 weeks and birthweight 1149±428 g. SIP occurred at 3.7±2.2 days of life. PNA achieved definitive treatment in 18 patients (60%) with a mean of 1...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111080/morbidity-and-mortality-among-big-babies-who-develop-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-analysis
#13
Cristine S Velazco, Brenna S Fullerton, Charles R Hong, Kate A Morrow, Erika M Edwards, Roger F Soll, Tom Jaksic, Jeffrey D Horbar, Biren P Modi
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is classically a disease of prematurity, with less reported regarding morbidity and mortality of this disease among other infants. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 2009 to 2015 at 252 Vermont Oxford Network member centers on neonates with birth weight>2500g admitted to a participating NICU within 28days of birth. RESULTS: Of 1629 neonates with NEC, gestational age was 37 (36, 39) weeks, and 45% had major congenital anomalies, most commonly gastrointestinal defects (20%), congenital heart defects (18%), and chromosomal anomalies (7%)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102383/maternal-cultural-practices-for-neonates-care-in-upper-egypt
#14
Atiat Osman, Yousr Gaffer, Awatif Sharkawy, Debra Brandon
PROBLEM: Little is known about the home practices and care given to neonates born in Egypt. BACKGROUND: Two thirds of all infant deaths in Egypt occur in the neonatal period and many of these deaths occur in the home environment out of sight of health care providers. Understanding cultural practices and beliefs about caring for neonates may help direct appropriate interventions to improve infant outcomes. AIM: To describe maternal cultural care practices used with neonates and highlight harmful practices in order to identify areas of required change in care...
October 25, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102133/short-communication-the-effect-of-heat-treatment-of-bovine-colostrum-on-the-concentration-of-oligosaccharides-in-colostrum-and-in-the-intestine-of-neonatal-male-holstein-calves
#15
Amanda J Fischer, Nilusha Malmuthuge, Le Luo Guan, Michael A Steele
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the heat treatment (HT, 60°C for 60 min) on the concentration of bovine colostrum oligosaccharides (bCO) in pooled bovine colostrum and the intestine of neonatal male Holstein calves after feeding. First-milking colostrum was pooled from both primiparous and multiparous cows, and half of the pooled colostrum was heat-treated at 60°C for 60 min (HC), whereas the other half was not heat-treated and remained fresh (FC). At birth, 32 male Holstein calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: (1) control calves that did not receive colostrum for the duration of the experiment and were euthanized at 6 h (NC, n = 4) or 12 h (NC, n = 4), (2) calves fed fresh colostrum (FC) and were euthanized at 6 h (FC, n = 6) or 12 h (FC, n = 6), or (3) calves fed heat-treated colostrum (HC) and euthanized at 6 h (HC, n = 6) or 12 h (HC, n = 6)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102099/white-lipped-tree-viper-cryptelytrops-albolabris-envenomation-in-an-american-viper-keeper
#16
Spencer Greene, Laura Ann Galdamez, Richard Tomasheski
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are common in many regions of the United States. Bites from exotic species, however, are rare. The white-lipped tree viper, Cryptelytrops (formerly Trimeresurus) albolabris, is a pit viper native to Southeast Asia. Bites are common in countries such as Myanmar, India, Thailand, Indonesia, and China. In this report, we describe an envenomation in an American viper keeper. CASE REPORT: A healthy 28-year-old right-handed man who collects venomous snakes experienced a bite to the distal left thumb from a neonatal C...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099941/formula-feeding-predisposes-neonatal-piglets-to-clostridium-difficile-gut-infection
#17
Lukasz Grzeskowiak, Beatriz Martínez-Vallespín, Temesgen H Dadi, Judith Radloff, Salah Amasheh, Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Andre Franke, Knut Reinert, Wilfried Vahjen, Jürgen Zentek, Robert Pieper
Spontaneous Clostridium difficile (CD) outbreaks occur in neonatal piglets but the predisposing factors are largely not known. To study the conditions for CD colonisation and infection development, neonatal piglets (n=48) were moved into isolators, fed bovine milk-based formula and infected with CD 078. Analyses included: clinical scoring; faecal CD, toxin B, calprotectin; post-mortem colon histopathology. Controls were non-infected suckling piglets. Faeces from suckling, formula-fed and formula-fed-CD-infected piglets were used for metagenomics...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097605/pura-syndrome-clinical-delineation-and-genotype-phenotype-study-in-32-individuals-with-review-of-published-literature
#18
Margot R F Reijnders, Robert Janowski, Mohsan Alvi, Jay E Self, Ton J van Essen, Maaike Vreeburg, Rob P W Rouhl, Servi J C Stevens, Alexander P A Stegmann, Jolanda Schieving, Rolph Pfundt, Katinke van Dijk, Eric Smeets, Connie T R M Stumpel, Levinus A Bok, Jan Maarten Cobben, Marc Engelen, Sahar Mansour, Margo Whiteford, Kate E Chandler, Sofia Douzgou, Nicola S Cooper, Ene-Choo Tan, Roger Foo, Angeline H M Lai, Julia Rankin, Andrew Green, Tuula Lönnqvist, Pirjo Isohanni, Shelley Williams, Ilene Ruhoy, Karen S Carvalho, James J Dowling, Dorit L Lev, Katalin Sterbova, Petra Lassuthova, Jana Neupauerová, Jeff L Waugh, Sotirios Keros, Jill Clayton-Smith, Sarah F Smithson, Han G Brunner, Ceciel van Hoeckel, Mel Anderson, Virginia E Clowes, Victoria Mok Siu, The Ddd Study, Paulo Selber, Richard J Leventer, Christoffer Nellaker, Dierk Niessing, David Hunt, Diana Baralle
BACKGROUND: De novo mutations in PURA have recently been described to cause PURA syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by severe intellectual disability (ID), epilepsy, feeding difficulties and neonatal hypotonia. OBJECTIVES: To delineate the clinical spectrum of PURA syndrome and study genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: Diagnostic or research-based exome or Sanger sequencing was performed in individuals with ID. We systematically collected clinical and mutation data on newly ascertained PURA syndrome individuals, evaluated data of previously reported individuals and performed a computational analysis of photographs...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093195/the-effect-of-high-fat-diet-on-secreted-milk-transcriptome-in-mid-lactation-mice
#19
Yulu Chen, Junhui Wang, Shiqi Yang, Sagar Utturkar, Jennifer Crodian, Shelby Cummings, Jyothi Thimmapuram, Phillip San Miguel, Shihuan Kuang, Michael Gribskov, Karen Plaut, Theresa Casey
High fat diet (HFD) during lactation alters milk composition and is associated with development of metabolic diseases in the offspring. We hypothesized that HFD affects milk microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA content, which potentially impact offspring development. Our objective was to determine the effect of maternal HFD on secreted milk transcriptome. To meet this objective, 4-week old female ICR mice were divided into two treatment groups: control diet (CD) containing 10% kcal fat and HFD containing 60% kcal fat...
November 1, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092682/evaluation-of-dynamic-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-very-low-birth-weighted-preterms
#20
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Sara Erol, İlter Arifoglu, Murat Alisik, Ozcan Erel, Nihal Demirel
BACKGROUND: Thiols are organic compounds containing sulfhydryl groups which exert antioxidant effects via dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis. The shift towards disulfides indicates the presence of oxidative environment. Thiol-disulfide homeostasis has not been evaluated in neonates. We aimed to evaluate dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 grams (25-32 weeks of gestation) were included...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
79891
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"