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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190946/effects-of-pmto-in-foster-families-with-children-with-behavior-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Anne M Maaskant, Floor B van Rooij, Geertjan J Overbeek, Frans J Oort, Maureen Arntz, Jo M A Hermanns
The present randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of Parent Management Training Oregon for foster parents with foster children (aged 4-12) with severe externalizing behavior problems in long-term foster care arrangements. Foster children's behavior problems are challenging for foster parents and increase the risk of placement breakdown. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of established interventions to improve child and parent functioning in foster families. The goal of Parent Management Training Oregon, a relatively long and intensive (6-9 months, with weekly sessions) parent management training, is to reduce children's problem behavior through improvement of parenting practices...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188795/maternal-imprisonment-economic-marginality-and-unmet-health-needs-in-early-adulthood
#2
Holly Foster, John Hagan
There is relatively little research on access to the health care needed by children whose mothers have been incarcerated, and even fewer studies of how effects of lack of access continue and cumulate as these children transition from living with parents, parent surrogates, or foster care into adulthood. We find in a nationally representative U.S. panel study (n=9418 participants from 1995 to 2007-2008 in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health) that young adult children of incarcerated mothers are less likely to receive the health care they need...
February 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186386/investigating-self-efficacy-disease-knowledge-and-adherence-to-treatment-in-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Nicholas R Faint, Janelle M Staton, Stephen M Stick, Juliet M Foster, André Schultz
AIM: Patient adherence is integral to the effectiveness of prescribed treatment, and is associated with beneficial disease outcomes, yet in adolescents with cystic fibrosis, adherence is often sub-optimal. Multiple factors may contribute to treatment adherence, including disease knowledge and self-efficacy. In adolescents with cystic fibrosis: (i) to compare the disease knowledge of adolescents and their parents before transition to adult care; (ii) to determine the relationship between disease knowledge (adolescent, parent) and adherence; and (iii) to evaluate self-efficacy and its association with disease knowledge and adherence...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185977/the-central-role-of-relationships-to-trauma-informed-integrated-care-for-children-and-youth
#4
Jonathan D Brown, Melissa A King, Lawrence S Wissow
OBJECTIVE: Primary care plays an essential role in the primary and secondary prevention of children's mental health problems. A growing series of trials have demonstrated the capacity of primary care providers to deliver care that specifically addresses risks to healthy social and emotional development by incorporating mental health services into their routines and integrating their work with the mental health care system. This paper describes elements common to various integration schemes that seem essential to their success...
February 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152611/effects-of-the-abc-intervention-on-foster-children-s-receptive-vocabulary
#5
Kristin Bernard, Amy Hyoeun Lee, Mary Dozier
Children with histories of maltreatment and disruptions in care are at elevated risk for impairments in early language development, which contribute to difficulties in other developmental domains across childhood. Given research demonstrating associations between parent responsiveness and children's early language development, we examined whether a parenting intervention administered in infancy improved preschool receptive language skills in children involved with the child welfare system. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention that aims to enhance parent-child interactions...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137343/identifying-domains-of-quality-of-life-in-children-with-cancer-undergoing-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study-with-professionals
#6
Josianne Avoine-Blondin, Véronique Parent, Magali Lahaye, Nago Humbert, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVE: The goal of pediatric palliative care (PPC) is to maintain the quality of life (QoL) of children whose lives are threatened. However, there are sparse scientific data on the domains of QoL in this particular context, and no measurement strategies are available. The present study aims to describe the domains of QoL in the context of PPC in oncology, according to the perceptions of professional caregivers. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a random sample of 20 professional caregivers from the Division of Hematology/Oncology at Le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine (Montréal, Canada)...
January 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124485/addressing-the-mental-health-needs-of-looked-after-children-in-foster-care-the-experiences-of-foster-carers
#7
W York, J Jones
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: In the UK and internationally, the number of looked after children is increasing year on year. Mental health problems among looked after children are significantly higher than in the general population, and the uptake of mental health services for these children is low. There is a poor prognosis for children with untreated mental health problems; this is further compounded if the child is within the care system. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This study adds to our understanding of foster carers' experiences of the mental health needs of looked after children and demonstrates some of the challenges associated with accessing appropriate and timely mental health services...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124189/black-white-differences-in-child-maltreatment-reports-and-foster-care-placements-a-statistical-decomposition-using-linked-administrative-data
#8
Tim Maloney, Nan Jiang, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Erin Dalton, Rhema Vaithianathan
Introduction Official statistics have confirmed that relative to their presence in the population and relative to white children, black children have consistently higher rates of contact with child protective services (CPS). We used linked administrative data and statistical decomposition techniques to generate new insights into black and white differences in child maltreatment reports and foster care placements. Methods Birth records for all children born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, between 2008 and 2010 were linked to administrative service records originating in multiple county data systems...
January 25, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096681/the-relatives-voice-how-do-relatives-experience-participation-in-reablement-a-qualitative-study
#9
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Herdis Alvsvåg, Oddvar Førland
BACKGROUND: Reablement is an early and time-limited home-based model of rehabilitation intervention with an emphasis on intensive, goal-oriented, and multidisciplinary assistance for persons experiencing functional decline. When rehabilitation in general takes place in the person's own home, in contrast to an institution, relatives may have larger responsibilities in helping and supporting the family member. Although there is evidence, showing that family caregivers, such as spouses and children, experience burdens and demanding situations related to their caregiving role, there are currently few publications exploring relatives' experiences of participating in reablement...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094094/sira-p-development-and-testing
#10
Kristina L Foster, Lacey D Bergerhofer, Janis B Smith, Michele M Fix, Adrienne Olney, Ashley Sherman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a new skin risk assessment scale called Skin Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention (SIRA+P) and to establish initial reliability and validity of the scale among patients ranging in age from birth, including pre-term, to adulthood, regardless of age or acuity of illness. STUDY DESIGN: The single-site study was a retrospective chart review to evaluate the measurement properties of SIRA+P. Charts of 385 patients of all ages and in all units (including the neonatal and pediatric intensive care units) of a free-standing children's hospital were included...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044032/overcoming-challenges-to-care-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-a-case-study-and-commentary
#11
Rebekah J Savage, Jasmine M Reese, Stephenie Wallace, Timothy Wang, Traci Jester, Robert Lowe, LaKeshia Hyndman, Nefertiti Durant
Youth in the criminal justice system commonly suffer from multiple medical and psychological health problems. Because they likely live in lower socioeconomic environments, the medical care they receive through the justice system might be their only recent medical care and can result in the discovery of health problems or chronic illnesses that must be managed while in the system and beyond. We describe the case of an adolescent diagnosed with a serious chronic disease during his time in an urban detention center to illustrate how health workers and justice staff must use a team approach in caring for this vulnerable population of children...
January 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029758/adoption-and-foster-care-analysis-and-reporting-system-final-rule
#12
(no author information available yet)
The Social Security Act (the Act) requires that ACF regulate a national data collection system that provides comprehensive demographic and case-specific information on children who are in foster care and adopted. This final rule replaces existing Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) regulations and the appendices to require title IV-E agencies to collect and report data to ACF on children in out-of-home care, and who exit out-of-home care to adoption or legal guardianship, children in out-of-home care who are covered by the Indian Child Welfare Act, and children who are covered by a title IV-E adoption or guardianship assistance agreement...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012168/can-housing-and-service-interventions-reduce-family-separations-for-families-who-experience-homelessness
#13
Marybeth Shinn, Scott R Brown, Daniel Gubits
Family break-up is common in families experiencing homelessness. This paper examines the extent of separations of children from parents and of partners from each other and whether housing and service interventions reduced separations and their precursors among 1857 families across 12 sites who participated in the Family Options Study. Families in shelters were randomized to offers of one of three interventions: permanent housing subsidies that reduce expenditures for rent to 30% of families' income, temporary rapid re-housing subsidies with some services directed at housing and employment, and transitional housing in supervised facilities with extensive psychosocial services...
December 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997227/aggressive-drive-derivatives-in-the-rorschachs-of-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-latent-structure-and-clinical-correlates
#14
David Joubert, Linda Webster
Psychological assessment can play an important role in informing the intervention process with child and adolescent victims of maltreatment. This study investigated the validity of the Rorschach in assessing aggressive drive derivatives using a profile-based approach, with a sample of 108 children and adolescents in foster care. Aggression indicators were derived from the work of Gacono and Meloy ( 1994 ). Latent class analysis yielded a 4-class model including gender and age as covariates. The first 2 classes were characterized by low prevalence rates across all indicators of aggression, and were distinguished primarily on the basis of participant's age...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#15
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993335/the-oregon-model-of-behavior-family-therapy-from-intervention-design-to-promoting-large-scale-system-change
#16
Thomas Dishion, Marion Forgatch, Patricia Chamberlain, William E Pelham
This paper reviews the evolution of the Oregon model of family behavior therapy over the past four decades. Inspired by basic research on family interaction and innovation in behavior change theory, a set of intervention strategies were developed that were effective for reducing multiple forms of problem behavior in children (e.g., Patterson, Chamberlain, & Reid, 1982). Over the ensuing decades, the behavior family therapy principles were applied and adapted to promote children's adjustment to address family formation and adaptation (Family Check-Up model), family disruption and maladaptation (Parent Management Training-Oregon model), and family attenuation and dissolution (Treatment Foster Care-Oregon model)...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993164/fostering-effective-early-learning-feel-through-a-professional-development-programme-for-early-childhood-educators-to-improve-professional-practice-and-child-outcomes-in-the-year-before-formal-schooling-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Edward Melhuish, Steven J Howard, Iram Siraj, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Denise Kingston, Marc de Rosnay, Elisabeth Duursma, Betty Luu
BACKGROUND: A substantial research base documents the benefits of attendance at high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) for positive behavioural and learning outcomes. Research has also found that the quality of many young children's experiences and opportunities in ECEC depends on the skills, dispositions and understandings of the early childhood adult educators. Increasingly, research has shown that the quality of children's interactions with educators and their peers, more than any other programme feature, influence what children learn and how they feel about learning...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990039/foster-care-placement-change-the-role-of-family-dynamics-and-household-composition
#18
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Lew Bank, Bowen McBeath
Sibling co-placement and kinship care have each been shown to protect against the occurrence of placement change for youth in substitute care. However, little is known about the effects of different combinations of sibling placement and relative caregiver status on placement change. Nor does the field fully understand how family dynamics may differ in these households. Utilizing data from the Supporting Siblings in Foster Care study, this paper examines family dynamics across four typologies of living composition, and tests the effects of living composition membership on the odds of experiencing a placement change over an 18-month period of time...
September 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974330/post-exposure-prophylaxis-guidelines-for-children-and-adolescents-potentially-exposed-to-hiv
#19
REVIEW
Alasdair Bamford, Gareth Tudor-Williams, Caroline Foster
UK guidelines for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in adults have recently been updated. Indications for PEP have been modified and there has been a change in the recommended antiretroviral therapy for adults to a combination of raltegravir with tenofovir and emtricitabine (Truvada). Raltegravir and tenofovir are now available in paediatric formulations and offer improved safety and tolerability over previously recommended ritonavir-boosted lopinavir with zidovudine. This guideline provides recommendations for those caring for children potentially exposed to HIV and other bloodborne viruses in primary care, emergency departments, secondary care and specialist paediatric HIV centres...
January 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940775/mental-and-physical-health-of-children-in-foster-care
#20
Kristin Turney, Christopher Wildeman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Each year, nearly 1% of US children spend time in foster care, with 6% of US children placed in foster care at least once between their birth and 18th birthday. Although a large literature considers the consequences of foster care placement for children's wellbeing, no study has used a nationally representative sample of US children to compare the mental and physical health of children placed in foster care to the health of children not placed in foster care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
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