Read by QxMD icon Read

Children in foster care

Alessandro Consolaro, Esi M Morgan, Gabriella Giancane, Silvia Rosina, Stefano Lanni, Angelo Ravelli
Information technology in paediatric rheumatology has seen several exciting developments in recent years. The new multidimensional questionnaires for juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile dermatomyositis, and juvenile autoinflammatory diseases integrate all major parent- and child-reported outcomes (PCROs) used in these diseases into a single tool, and provide an effective guide to manage, document change in health, assess effectiveness of therapeutic interventions, and verify the parent and child satisfaction with illness outcome...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Elizabeth T Gershoff, Sarah A Font, Catherine A Taylor, Rebecca H Foster, Ann Budzak Garza, Denyse Olson-Dorff, Amy Terreros, Monica Nielsen-Parker, Lisa Spector
Several medical professional organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, recommend that parents avoid hitting children for disciplinary purposes (e.g., spanking) and that medical professionals advise parents to use alternative methods. The extent to which medical professionals continue to endorse spanking is unknown. This study is the first to examine attitudes about spanking among staff throughout medical settings, including non-direct care staff. A total of 2580 staff at a large general medical center and 733 staff at a children's hospital completed an online survey; respondents were roughly divided between staff who provide direct care to patients (e...
October 13, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
W David Lohr, V Faye Jones
Children in foster care have exceptional needs due to their histories of abuse, neglect, and increased exposure to violence. The rates of psychiatric symptoms and disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder, are much higher in children in foster care; furthermore, the rate of these children receiving psychotropic medications is 3 times that of children who are not in foster care. Pediatricians, in their role of providing a medical home, play a central role in safeguarding the physical and mental health of these children...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Pietro Ferrara, Marta Scancarello, Yeganeh M Khazrai, Lorenza Romani, Costanza Cutrona, Laura DE Gara, Gianni Bona
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of foster children, the quality of daily menus in group homes and the Food Security inside these organizations have been poorly studied and this study means to investigate them. METHODS: A sample of 125 children, ranging in age from 0-17 years, among seven group homes (group A) was compared with 121 children of the general population we (group B). To evaluate nutritional status, BMI percentiles were used. Mean percentiles of both groups were compared through statistical analysis...
October 12, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Christine L Gray, Brian W Pence, Lynne C Messer, Jan Ostermann, Rachel A Whetten, Nathan M Thielman, Karen O'Donnell, Kathryn Whetten
BACKGROUND: Communities and nations seeking to foster social responsibility in their youth are interested in understanding factors that predict and promote youth involvement in public activities. Orphans and separated children (OSC) are a vulnerable population whose numbers are increasing, particularly in resource-poor settings. Understanding whether and how OSC are engaged in civic activities is important for community and world leaders who need to provide care for OSC and ensure their involvement in sustainable development...
October 11, 2016: Globalization and Health
Mary Dozier, Caroline K P Roben, E B Caron, Julie Hoye, Kristin Bernard
In this paper, we highlight issues we consider key to the development of an evidence-based intervention for the parents of young children who had experienced early adversity. The intervention was initially developed for foster infants, but adapted for infants living with their neglecting parents, then for young children adopted internationally, and finally for toddlers in foster care or living with neglecting birth parents. The intervention and its adaptations share a focus on the importance of providing nurturance to children when they are distressed, and following children's lead when they are not distressed...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Elizabeth Jestico, Teresa Finlay
BACKGROUND: In the UK children with cancer are cared for by children's nurses in a variety of settings, specialist and non-specialist. Whilst post-registration specialist education is available to some nurses, many nurses rely solely on pre-registration education to competently care for these children. This study explores whether nurses perceive that this adequately prepares them. OBJECTIVES: To explore the extent to which qualified nurses perceive that pre-registration nurse education prepares them to care for children with cancer; to consider the implications for children's nursing pre-registration curricula...
September 30, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Alisa N Almas, Kathryn A Degnan, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox
Young children removed from institutions and placed into foster care or adoptive homes have been shown to experience significant gains in IQ relative to children who remain in institutions. Less is known about the long-term impact of severe early deprivation on development in late childhood. Data are presented from a follow-up of children at 12 years of age in the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized clinical trial of foster care for institutionally reared children. Of the original 136 children in the study, 107 were tested with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV...
October 6, 2016: Developmental Psychology
Rachel Flynn, Dawn Hartfield
Purpose The Edmonton Zone, one of five Zones in Alberta Health Services (the health system in the province of Alberta, Canada), established a quality management framework (QMF) as a means to improve the delivery of high quality health care in the spring of 2014. The purpose of this research study was to understand the factors that facilitated or hindered the implementation of a quality improvement (QI) initiative for hand hygiene led by a newly formed frontline unit quality council (UQC), a part of the QMF, based out of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at the Stollery Children's Hospital in the Edmonton Zone...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Kaci Osenga, Andrea Postier, Jill Dreyfus, Laurie Foster, Wrenda Teeple, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
CONTEXT: Specialized pediatric palliative care (PPC) services have become more common in urban pediatric hospital settings, though little is known about palliative care specialist involvement. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare circumstances prior to death in children who spent their last days of life in an inpatient pediatric hospital setting, with or without PPC provider involvement during their inpatient stay. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of medical records of children for the last inpatient stay that resulted in death at a children's hospital setting between January 2012 through June 2013...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Kim Foster, Alexandra Young, Rebecca Mitchell, Connie Van, Kate Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Physical injury is a leading cause of death and disability among children worldwide and the largest cause of paediatric hospital admission. Parents of critically injured children are at increased risk of developing mental and emotional distress in the aftermath of child injury. In the Australian context, there is limited evidence on parent experiences of child injury and hospitalisation, and minimal understanding of their support needs. The aim of this investigation was to explore parents' experiences of having a critically injured child during the acute hospitalisation phase of injury, and to determine their support needs during this time...
September 23, 2016: Injury
Tahl I Frenkel, Kalsea J Koss, Bonny Donzella, Kristin A Frenn, Connie Lamm, Nathan A Fox, Megan R Gunnar
Individual differences in the propensity for left versus right frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry may underlie differences in approach/withdrawal tendencies and mental health deficits. Growing evidence suggests that early life adversity may shape brain development and contribute to the emergence of mental health problems. The present study examined frontal EEG asymmetry (FEA) following the transition to family care in children adopted internationally from institutional care settings between 15 and 36 months of age (N = 82; 46 female, 36 male)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Kathryn L Humphreys, Kyle Esteves, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Stacy S Drury
Studies examining the association between early adversity and longitudinal changes in telomere length within the same individual are rare, yet are likely to provide novel insight into the subsequent lasting effects of negative early experiences. We sought to examine the association between institutional care history and telomere shortening longitudinally across middle childhood and into adolescence. Buccal DNA was collected 2-4 times, between the ages of 6 and 15 years, in 79 children enrolled in the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), a longitudinal study exploring the impact of early institutional rearing on child health and development...
September 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Elspeth M Slayter
The promotion of speedy, permanent outcomes for foster children is a central child welfare policy goal. However, while children with intellectual disability (ID) are at greater risk for child welfare involvement, little is known about their case outcomes. This cross-sectional national study explores between-group foster care outcomes. Foster children with intellectual disability were more likely to have experienced an adoption disruption or dissolution but less likely to be reunified with a parent, primary caretaker or other family member...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann
A proper preparation for foster parents to care for abused and neglected children includes effective training and initial diagnostics in order to plan individual treatment. Hence, a basic knowledge about the main psychosocial and developmental problems associated with abuse and neglect and their prevalence in foster children is needed. For this purpose, a systematical literature review and a series of meta-analyses were conducted. A total of 25 studies reporting data on development (n = 4,033), mental health (n = 726), and attachment (n = 255) of foster children in preschool age met the inclusion criteria...
September 22, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Sarah Verbiest, Erin McClain, Suzanne Woodward
In January 2015, the US Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative (PCHHC) established a new national vision that all women and men of reproductive age will achieve optimal health and wellness, fostering a healthy life course for them and any children they may have. Achieving this vision presents both challenges and opportunities. This manuscript describes the reasons why the US needs to prioritize preconception health as well as its efforts historically to advance change. The authors share lessons from past work and current strategies in the US to reach this ambitious goal...
September 20, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Monica L Oxford, Susan J Spieker, Mary Jane Lohr, Charles B Fleming
We conducted a community-based randomized control trial with intent-to-treat analysis on Promoting First Relationships® (PFR), a 10-week home visiting program. The study included 247 families with 10- to 24-month-old children who had a recent, open child protective services investigation of child maltreatment. Families were randomly assigned to receive either the 10-week home visiting PFR service or a telephone-based, three-call resource and referral (R&R) service. Across postintervention time points, parents in the PFR condition scored higher than families in the R&R condition in parent understanding of toddlers' social emotional needs (d = ...
September 19, 2016: Child Maltreatment
Onyinyechi C Ukaegbe, Nnaemeka G Umedum, Ethel N Chime, Foster T Orji
OBJECTIVES: Despite a global improvement in health care delivery, rural areas in developing countries still have poor access to specialist care. This study aims to assess the occurrences of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders among rural primary school children in south-eastern Nigeria. METHODS: Two rural primary schools were selected randomly from one of the rural regions of South Eastern State of Nigeria. All the pupils of the schools who gave consent were recruited...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Shingisai Chando, Christian Young, Jonathan C Craig, Hasantha Gunasekera, Allison Tong
UNLABELLED: This study aims to describe parental experiences and perspectives of caring for a child with otitis media. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies on parental perspectives on caring for a child with otitis media. We searched electronic databases to July 2015. Seventeen studies involving 284 participants from six countries were included. We identified seven themes: diminishing competency (guilt over failure to identify symptoms, helpless and despairing, fear of complications, disempowered and dismissed); disrupting life schedules (disturbing sleep, interfering with work, burden on family); social isolation (stigma and judgement, sick consciousness); threatening normal development (delaying growth milestones, impairing interpersonal skills, impeding education); taking ownership (recognising symptoms, diagnostic closure, working the system, protecting against physical trauma, contingency planning); valuing support (needing respite, depending on community, clinician validation); and cherishing health (relief with treatment success, inspiring resilience)...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Michael F Urban, Leana Olivier, Jacobus G Louw, Chanelle Lombard, Denis L Viljoen, Fiona Scorgie, Matthew F Chersich
BACKGROUND: Mixed ancestry populations in South Africa have amongst the highest rates of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) worldwide. Defining the drinking patterns of women with a FAS child guides FAS preventive interventions. METHODS: Data were drawn from FAS prevalence surveys conducted in three districts: Witzenberg (Cape Winelands), Frances Baard (inland mining town) and Saldanha Bay (coastal towns). 156 mothers and 50 proxy informants of school-entry children diagnosed with FAS and partial-FAS were interviewed, and compared with 55 controls recruited in Saldanha Bay...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"