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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626279/nutritional-status-of-foster-children-in-the-u-s-implications-for-cognitive-and-behavioral-development
#1
Ursula A Tooley, Zeina Makhoul, Philip A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. METHOD: Relevant studies for inclusion were identified from numerous sources (e...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#2
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#3
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618321/the-crucial-role-of-the-micro-caregiving-environment-factors-associated-with-attachment-styles-in-alternative-care-in-chile
#4
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis
The distribution of attachment styles has been shown to differ between groups of children living with their parents and children placed in alternative care (AC), defined as residential or foster. However, this is the first study in Latin America to explore possible factors affecting the quality of attachment in children living in both residential and foster care. Two groups of children (N=57) were compared: one group living in Residential Homes (RC) and the other in Foster Care (FC) in Chile. Children's, caregivers' and structural factors (e...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602119/improving-the-quality-of-end-of-life-care-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-through-the-early-implementation-of-palliative-care
#5
Lauren Ranallo
Providing end-of-life care to children with cancer is most ideally achieved by initiating palliative care at the time of diagnosis, advocating for supportive care throughout the treatment trajectory, and implementing hospice care during the terminal phase. The guiding principles behind offering palliative care to pediatric oncology patients are the prioritization of providing holistic care and management of disease-based symptoms. Pediatric hematology-oncology nurses and clinicians have a unique responsibility to support the patient and family unit and foster a sense of hope, while also preparing the family for the prognosis and a challenging treatment trajectory that could result in the child's death...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587521/can-medicaid-claims-validly-ascertain-foster-care-status
#6
Ramesh Raghavan, Derek S Brown, Benjamin T Allaire
Medicaid claims have been used to identify populations of children in foster care in the current literature; however, the ability of such an approach to validly ascertain a foster care population is unknown. This study linked children in the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being-I to their Medicaid claims from 36 states using their Social Security numbers. Using this match, we examined discordance between caregiver report of foster care placement and the foster care eligibility code contained in the child's Medicaid claims...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578826/estimating-the-number-of-children-in-formal-alternative-care-challenges-and-results
#7
Nicole Petrowski, Claudia Cappa, Peter Gross
Given the relatively large body of literature documenting the adverse impacts of institutionalization on children's developmental outcomes and well-being, it is essential that countries work towards reducing the number of children in alternative care (particularly institutional care), and, when possible, reunite children with their families. In order to do so, reliable estimates of the numbers of children living in such settings are essential. However, many countries still lack functional administrative systems for enumerating children living outside of family care...
May 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570148/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-obesity-and-metabolism-an-emerging-frontier-in-lung-health-and-disease
#8
Benjamin T Suratt, Niki D J Ubags, Deepa Rastogi, Kelan G Tantisira, Benjamin J Marsland, Irina Petrache, Janice B Allen, Jason H T Bates, Fernando Holguin, Meredith C McCormack, Evangelos D Michelakis, Stephen M Black, Manu Jain, Ana L Mora, Viswanathan Natarajan, Yury I Miller, Michael B Fessler, Konstantin G Birukov, Ross S Summer, Stephanie A Shore, Anne E Dixon
The world is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of obesity. This epidemic has changed the presentation and etiology of common diseases. For example, steatohepatitis, directly attributable to obesity, is now the most common cause of cirrhosis in the United States. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children. Pulmonary researchers and clinicians are just beginning to appreciate the impact of obesity and altered metabolism on common pulmonary diseases. Obesity has recently been identified as a major risk factor for the development of asthma and for acute respiratory distress syndrome...
June 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569621/attachment-orientations-and-psychological-adjustment-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer-a-matched-group-comparison
#9
Maria Cusinato, Vincenzo Calvo, Gianni Bisogno, Elisabetta Viscardi, Marta Pillon, Enrico Opocher, Giuseppe Basso, Maria Montanaro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood cancer on parents' adult attachment, social support, marital adjustment, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: 30 parents of children with childhood cancer and 30 matched controls completed the following questionnaires: Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 (DAS-4), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - form Y (STAI-Y), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566024/fostering-activation-among-latino-parents-of-children-with-mental-health-needs-an-rct
#10
Kathleen C Thomas, Gabriela L Stein, Christianna S Williams, Mónica Pérez Jolles, Betsy L Sleath, Maria Martinez, San Juanita García, Linda E Guzman, Charlotte E Williams, Joseph P Morrissey
OBJECTIVE: Latino families raising children with mental health and other special health care needs report greater dissatisfaction with care compared with other families. Activation is a promising strategy to eliminate disparities. This study examined the comparative effectiveness of MePrEPA, an activation intervention for Latino parents whose children receive mental health services. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (N=172) was conducted in a Spanish-language mental health clinic to assess the effectiveness of MePrEPA, a four-week group psychoeducational intervention to enhance parent activation among Latino parents, compared with a parent-support control group...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557726/modifiable-resilience-factors-to-childhood-adversity-for-clinical-pediatric-practice
#11
REVIEW
Flora Traub, Renée Boynton-Jarrett
Childhood adversity is highly prevalent and associated with risk for poor health outcomes in childhood and throughout the life course. Empirical literature on resilience over the past 40 years has identified protective factors for traumatized children that improve health outcomes. Despite these empirical investigations of resilience, there is limited integration of these findings into proactive strategies to mitigate the impact of adverse childhood experiences. We review the state of resilience research, with a focus on recent work, as it pertains to protecting children from the health impacts of early adversity...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551458/maternal-substance-use-and-child-protection-a-rapid-evidence-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-loss-of-child-care
#12
REVIEW
Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Sally Marlow, Marggie Boreham, Gail Gilchrist
This article reviews the literature on the factors associated with mothers who use substances losing care of their children. A rapid evidence assessment was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses. Medline and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify primary research studies published in English during January 2000-September 2016. Studies were included if they presented individual, formal support (e.g., receiving substance use treatment) or informal support (e...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550383/-you-can-carry-the-torch-now-a-qualitative-analysis-of-parents-experiences-caring-for-a-child-with-trisomy-13-or-18
#13
Joshua D Arthur, Divya Gupta
Trisomy 13 and 18 (T 13/18) are rare chromosomal abnormalities associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improved survival rates and increased prevalence of aggressive medical intervention have resulted in families and physicians holding different perspectives regarding the appropriate management of children with T 13/18. Families were invited for open-ended interviews regarding their experiences with the medical care of a child with T 13/18 over the past 5 years. Seven of 33 invited families were surveyed; those who had spent more than 40 days in the hospital were most likely to accept the invitation (OR 8...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544874/the-relative-safety-of-paternal-maternal-and-traditional-foster-care-placements
#14
Jesse J Helton, Brian B Boutwell, Michael DiBernardo
When children are placed into foster care the caseworker must give preference to an adult relative, many of whom are grandparents, over an unrelated caregiver. This kinship preference is based in evolutionary biology, which suggests that the imperative to care for a child should be greater for kin versus non-kin. However, not all kin are related to a child in the same way, and level of paternity uncertainty may influence level of care provided. For instance, maternal grandparents can be assured that they share genetic material with their grandchild, while paternal grandparents may not have the same level of certainty...
May 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533916/pediatric-intensive-care-stress-ulcer-prevention-pic-up-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#15
Mark Duffett, Karen Choong, Jennifer Foster, Elaine Gilfoyle, Jacques Lacroix, Nikhil Pai, Lehana Thabane, Deborah J Cook
BACKGROUND: Despite sparse pediatric data on effectiveness, the majority of critically ill children receive medications to prevent gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Stress ulcer prophylaxis may have unintended consequences-increasing the risk of nosocomial infections-which may be more serious and common than the bleeding which these drugs are prescribed to prevent. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in pediatric critical care are exceptionally challenging to complete, thus a rigorous pilot RCT is crucial...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#16
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#17
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508674/psychosocial-screening-and-monitoring-for-children-in-foster-care-psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-assessment-checklist-in-a-dutch-population-study
#18
Anouk Goemans, Michael Tarren-Sweeney, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
Children in foster care experience higher levels and rates of psychosocial difficulties than children from the general population. Governments and child welfare services have a responsibility to identify those children in care who have need for therapeutic services. This can be achieved through systematic screening and monitoring of psychosocial difficulties among all children in foster care. However, general screening and assessment measures such as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) might not adequately screen for the range of difficulties experienced by foster children...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508021/examining-the-roles-and-experiences-of-fathers-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
David B Nicholas
This study examined roles and experiences of fathers of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Based on interpretive description, semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 fathers of children receiving a range of treatments (transplant, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and CKD not requiring renal replacement therapy). Fathers described various experiences and means of adjusting to shifts associated with pediatric CKD. These included loss of personal control, a sense of personal isolation, and a stance of remaining strong amidst personal suffering...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499473/-child-protection-a-question-of-society
#20
Nicolas Klein
Child protection is a sector undergoing major changes in which local authorities play a central role. There are several different types of child protection measures covering different needs: monitoring in the home, foster family, placement in a children's home or a stay in a mother-and-baby centre for young mothers. For all these children and adolescents, leaving care is a key moment which requires support.
May 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
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