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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#1
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778301/behavioral-coping-plans-one-inter-professional-team-s-approach-to-patient-centered-care
#2
Katherine Wittling, Jessica Palumbo Dufur, Ashley McClain, Margaret Gettis
BACKGROUND: Surgical encounters for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are stressful to patients, families and health care providers. It is recognized that parents best anticipate needs of children with ASD. Including a family in the plan of care for the child is imperative. In response to the need for targeted, tailored care, an inter-professional surgical services team convened to determine best practices for addressing a behavioral and developmental plan for children with ASD in the surgical services arena...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773268/recent-therapeutic-advances-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#3
REVIEW
Gabriella Giancane, Alessandra Alongi, Silvia Rosina, Jessica Tibaldi, Alessandro Consolaro, Angelo Ravelli
Over the past two decades, the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has been revolutionized by the increased tendency toward early aggressive interventions and the availability of the novel biologic medications. In 2017, three novel randomized controlled trials have evaluated the effectiveness and tolerability of golimumab and tocilizumab in polyarticular JIA, and shown that methotrexate may increase and prolong the effect of intra-articular corticosteroid injection in children with oligoarthritis...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#4
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#5
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757103/end-of-life-trends-and-patterns-among-children-in-the-us-foster-care-system-2005-2015
#6
Lisa C Lindley, Elspeth M Slayter
Drawing on national, longitudinal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System data (2005-2015), demographic, health, foster care, and geographic characteristics of decedents (N = 3,653) aged 1-17 years were examined. On average, decedents were 6 years old, the highest proportion died as infants, and experienced significant trauma in their short lives either through maltreatment or exposure to parental substance use. A noted increase in Medicaid coverage among decedents over time suggests critical access to concurrent treatment and hospice care, but this is unavailable to children with private insurance...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750620/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-in-foster-care-children-and-adolescents
#7
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727766/ameliorating-the-biological-impacts-of-childhood-adversity-a-review-of-intervention-programs
#8
REVIEW
Sukhdip K Purewal Boparai, Vanessa Au, Kadiatou Koita, Debora Lee Oh, Susan Briner, Nadine Burke Harris, Monica Bucci
Childhood adversity negatively impacts the biological development of children and has been linked to poor health outcomes across the life course. The purpose of this literature review is to explore and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions that have addressed an array of biological markers and physical health outcomes in children and adolescents affected by adversity. PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Sociological Abstracts databases and additional sources (Cochrane, WHO, NIH trial registries) were searched for English language studies published between January 2007 and September 2017...
May 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723028/children-s-behavioral-health-needs-and-satisfaction-and-commitment-of-foster-and-adoptive-parents-do-trauma-informed-services-make-a-difference
#9
Erin R Barnett, Sarah E Cleary, Rebecca L Butcher, Mary K Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Caring for children in foster or adoptive care with behavioral health needs can severely stress parents, contributing to adverse outcomes for children and families. Trauma-informed services from the child welfare and mental health sectors may help prevent poor outcomes by helping children and parents identify and understand trauma and its impact on children's behavioral health and receive effective treatment. To help understand the role of trauma-informed services for the child welfare population, we examined whether trauma-informed child welfare and mental health services moderated the relationship between children's behavioral health needs and parent satisfaction and commitment...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720361/automated-modular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-decision-support-system-miror-an-application-in-pediatric-cancer-diagnosis
#10
Niloufar Zarinabad, Emma M Meeus, Karen Manias, Katharine Foster, Andrew Peet
BACKGROUND: Advances in magnetic resonance imaging and the introduction of clinical decision support systems has underlined the need for an analysis tool to extract and analyze relevant information from magnetic resonance imaging data to aid decision making, prevent errors, and enhance health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design and develop a modular medical image region of interest analysis tool and repository (MIROR) for automatic processing, classification, evaluation, and representation of advanced magnetic resonance imaging data...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706162/course-of-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-from-early-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#11
Katherine L Guyon-Harris, Kathryn L Humphreys, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah
OBJECTIVE: Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is poorly understood beyond early childhood. The course of DSED signs in a sample of children who experienced severe, early deprivation from early childhood to early adolescence was examined using variable-centered (linear mixed modeling) and person-centered (growth mixture modeling) approaches. METHOD: The study included 124 children with a history of institutional care from a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an alternative to institutional care and 69 community comparison children matched by age and sex...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699524/epidemiological-study-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-in-lithuania
#12
Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman, Einar Heiervang
BACKGROUND: From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic change since the past decades. Together with determining the prevalence rates of disorders and assessing the needs for the services, this study has also shifted attention from the highly selective samples of children attending children and adolescent mental health services towards less severe cases of psychopathology as well as different attitudes of parents and teachers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695312/microbial-preparations-probiotics-for-the-prevention-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-adults-and-children-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-6-851-participants
#13
Bradley C Johnston, Lyubov Lytvyn, Calvin Ka-Fung Lo, Stephen J Allen, Duolao Wang, Hania Szajewska, Mark Miller, Stephan Ehrhardt, John Sampalis, Deniz G Duman, Pietro Pozzoni, Agostino Colli, Elisabet Lönnermark, Christian P Selinger, Samford Wong, Susan Plummer, Mary Hickson, Ruzha Pancheva, Sandra Hirsch, Bengt Klarin, Joshua Z Goldenberg, Li Wang, Lawrence Mbuagbauw, Gary Foster, Anna Maw, Behnam Sadeghirad, Lehana Thabane, Dominik Mertz
OBJECTIVETo determine whether probiotic prophylaxes reduce the odds of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults and children.DESIGNIndividual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), adjusting for risk factors.METHODSWe searched 6 databases and 11 grey literature sources from inception to April 2016. We identified 32 RCTs (n=8,713); among them, 18 RCTs provided IPD (n=6,851 participants) comparing probiotic prophylaxis to placebo or no treatment (standard care). One reviewer prepared the IPD, and 2 reviewers extracted data, rated study quality, and graded evidence quality...
April 26, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668737/evicted-children-and-subsequent-placement-in-out-of-home-care-a-cohort-study
#14
Lisa Berg, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals' health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659597/measuring-movement-into-residential-care-institutions-in-haiti-after-hurricane-matthew-a-pilot-study
#15
Beth L Rubenstein, Matthew MacFarlane, Celina Jensen, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: Governments have an ethical imperative to safeguard children in residential care institutions at all times, including in the aftermath of an emergency. Yet, a lack of accurate data about how the magnitude and characteristics of this population may change due to an emergency impedes leaders' ability to formulate responsive policies and services, mobilize resources and foster accountability. The purpose of this study was therefore to determine the feasibility of evaluating movement of children into residential care following an emergency...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626260/clinical-utility-of-pharmacogenetic-testing-in-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-mental-disorders
#16
Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
This is a retrospective cohort study of 20 children and adolescents to evaluate the clinical utility of a pharmacogenetic decision support tool. Twenty children and adolescents underwent pharmacogenetic testing between June 2014 and May 2017. All children and adolescents were evaluated at Puerta de Hierro University Hospital-Majadahonda (Madrid, Spain). We report the proportion of patients achieving clinical improvement, amelioration of side effects, and changes in number of drugs. Data normality was assessed with the Shapiro-Wilk test, and changes of pre- and post-pharmacogenetic testing were analyzed with the Wilcoxon test for paired samples...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623526/what-is-the-impact-of-placement-type-on-educational-and-health-outcomes-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Aoife O'Higgins, Eleanor Marie Ott, Michael William Shea
Record numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors have been arriving in high-income countries since 2015. Child welfare agencies and non-governmental organisations tasked with providing services have struggled to cope with demands on their services as a result. Despite this, there is little research on how best to meet their needs and in particular what services can mitigate the psychological difficulties they face. As a result, the evidence base for social services for refugee children remains very limited. This paper is a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on the relationship between care placement type and the educational, mental health and physical health outcomes of unaccompanied refugee minors...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620556/parent-perspectives-of-receiving-early-information-about-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-options-from-their-child-s-pediatric-providers
#18
Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Joan E Haase
BACKGROUND: Parents of children diagnosed with cancer may experience decision regret about cancer treatment decisions and dissatisfaction with the perceived clarity in information received from their child's providers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe parental perspectives about receiving an early palliative care and end-of-life (PC/EOL) communication intervention titled "Communication Plan: Early through End of Life Intervention" (COMPLETE) from an interprofessional team of physician and registered nurse providers...
April 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617924/commentary-gaze-aversion-and-unnoticed-phenomena
#19
Desmond K Runyan
Child abuse is a social phenomenon that has been under-researched and under-supported. The scale of the problem is large with over 3 million US children reported for abuse or neglect each year. An estimated 15% of confirmed victims may be placed in out-of-home care to ensure their safety. Studies have not previously examined the impact of losing a child into foster care on maternal health and mortality. Family and maternal risk factors, such as teen pregnancy, intimate partner violence or drug and alcohol abuse, have been well documented as risk factors for maltreatment...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579005/a-pediatric-service-learning-program-in-physical-therapy-education
#20
Yu-Jen Hou, Wen-Yu Liu, Yang-Hua Lin, Hen-Yu Lien, Alice M K Wong, Chien-Min Chen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report was to describe a pediatric service-learning program in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education in Taiwan. KEY POINTS: To meet the needs of the local community and provide preclinical service-learning experience to PT students with people with physical disability, a service-learning program of a 2-day camp for children with cerebral palsy (CP) was developed in 2012. To date, 356 entry-level PT students have participated in this program, serving 286 children and their families...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
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