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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346234/a-qualitative-study-of-multidisciplinary-providers-experiences-with-the-transfer-process-for-injured-children-and-ideas-for-improvement
#1
Marcie Gawel, Beth Emerson, John S Giuliano, Alana Rosenberg, Karl E Minges, Shelli Feder, Pina Violano, Patricia Morrell, Judy Petersen, Emily Christison-Lagay, Marc Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Most injured children initially present to a community hospital, and many will require transfer to a regional pediatric trauma center. The purpose of this study was 1) to explore multidisciplinary providers' experiences with the process of transferring injured children and 2) to describe proposed ideas for process improvement. METHODS: This qualitative study involved 26 semistructured interviews. Subjects were recruited from 6 community hospital emergency departments and the trauma and transport teams of a level I pediatric trauma center in New Haven, Conn...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344079/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-intent-among-mothers-of-newborn-babies-in-da-nang-viet-nam
#2
Phuong Thi Kim Nguyen, Hoang Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Thanh Thai, Kirsty Foster, Christine L Roberts, Ben J Marais
Background: Breastfeeding is recognized as the single most cost-effective intervention to reduce child morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have explored perceived barriers to breastfeeding and factors associated with breastfeeding intent among mothers of newborn babies in Viet Nam. We conducted a study to assess breastfeeding initiation rates, intent to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months or more and perceived barriers to breastfeed among mothers of newborn babies in Da Nang, Viet Nam...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335152/-i-foster-babies-awaiting-adoption
#3
Isabelle Legrée
A mother's decision to give up a child is followed by a two-month period during which she may go back on her decision. During this time, the baby may be cared for in a care home or placed with a specialist foster family. An interview with Christiane Hamel, a retired children's nurse who has chosen to foster children in her home.
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325593/evaluating-the-long-term-impact-of-the-fostering-changes-training-programme-for-foster-carers-in-wales-the-confidence-in-care-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Gwenllian Moody, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Rebecca Cannings-John, Sue Channon, Elinor Coulman, Mandy Lau, Alyson Rees, Jonathan Scourfield, Jeremy Segrott, Michael Robling
BACKGROUND: The Fostering Changes programme was developed by the Adoption and Fostering National Team at the Maudsley Hospital, South London, in conjunction with King's College London. It is a 12-week group-based training programme for foster and kin carers, which aims to build positive relationships between carers and children, encourage positive child behaviour and set appropriate limits, through a practical skills-based approach. The programme also aims to improve foster carers' understanding of the causes of children's social and emotional difficulties and their confidence in applying this knowledge in various situations...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#5
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#6
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285558/meta-ethnography-of-experiences-of-early-discharge-with-a-focus-on-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia
#7
REVIEW
Jessica E Morgan, Jemma Cleminson, Lesley A Stewart, Robert S Phillips, Karl Atkin
PURPOSE (STATING THE MAIN PURPOSES AND RESEARCH QUESTION): Many children have no significant sequelae of febrile neutropenia. A systematic review of clinical studies demonstrated patients at low risk of septic complications can be safely treated as outpatients using oral antibiotics with low rates of treatment failure. Introducing earlier discharge may improve quality of life, reduce hospital acquired infection and reduce healthcare service pressures. However, the review raised concerns that this might not be acceptable to patients, families and healthcare professionals...
December 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276324/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-for-foster-children
#8
Frances L Lynch, John F Dickerson, Katherine C Pears, Philip A Fisher
Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. However, communities need information on relative costs and benefits associated with programs to make informed choices...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260923/exploring-engagement-in-a-virtual-community-of-practice-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-who-are-non-users-lurkers-and-posters
#9
Karen Hurtubise, Gabrielle Pratte, Lisa Rivard, Jade Berbari, Léa Héguy, Chantal Camden
PURPOSE: Communities of practice are increasingly recognized in rehabilitation as useful knowledge transfer tools; however, little is known about their users. This exploratory study describes the characteristics of participants and non-participants invited to engage in a pediatric rehabilitation virtual community of practice. In addition, we explored virtual community of practice utilization behaviors, engagement predictors, and the impact of strategies designed to foster engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants' demographics including information-seeking style and organization e-readiness, as well as online platform frequency of use data were collected and analyzed using descriptive, comparative, and predictive statistics...
December 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259562/early-adverse-caregiving-experiences-and-preschoolers-current-attachment-affect-brain-responses-during-facial-familiarity-processing-an-erp-study
#10
Melanie T Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Gottfried Spangler
When being placed into more benign environments like foster care, children from adverse rearing backgrounds are capable of forming attachment relationships to new caregivers within the first year of placement, while certain problematic social behaviors appear to be more persistent. Assuming that early averse experiences shape neural circuits underlying social behavior, neurophysiological studies on individual differences in early social-information processing have great informative value. More precisely, ERP studies have repeatedly shown face processing to be sensitive to experience especially regarding the caregiving background...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249401/-infants-living-with-their-mothers-in-the-rennes-france-prison-for-women-between-1998%C3%A2-and-2013-facts-and-perspectives
#11
A Blanchard, L Bébin, S Leroux, M Roussey, M-A Horel, M Desforges, I Page, Y Bidet, M Balençon
Every year in France, nearly 50 infants live in a prison nursery with their mother. According to French law, infants can live with their mother in the prison nursery until they reach 18 months of age. The international community is concerned about the lack of validated social, medical and legal data on these infants living in prison. This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Medical and paramedical files of the General Council of Île-et-Vilaine, France, were studied. Every infant born between 1998 and 2013 while their mother was in prison were included...
December 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248084/adolescents-right-to-participate-opportunities-and-challenges-for-health-care-professionals
#12
Jonathan Todres, Angela Diaz
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals and patients are partners in health care delivery, and this partnership is critical in the treatment of adolescents. International children's rights law establishes that all children have a right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. Fulfillment of that right is as critical in health care settings as any other area of children's lives. OBJECTIVES: In this article we examine the right to participate under international children's rights law, its relevance to health care settings, and how health care professionals can foster adolescents' participation to fulfill children's rights and improve health care outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237154/effects-of-early-life-adversity-on-hippocampal-structures-and-associated-hpa-axis-functions
#13
Brigitte Dahmen, Vanessa B Puetz, Wolfgang Scharke, Georg G von Polier, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Early-life adversity (ELA) is one of the major risk factors for serious mental and physical health risks later in life. ELA has been associated with dysfunctional neurodevelopment, especially in brain structures such as the hippocampus, and with dysfunction of the stress system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Children who have experienced ELA are also more likely to suffer from mental health disorders such as depression later in life. The exact interplay of aberrant neurodevelopment and HPA axis dysfunction as risks for psychopathology is not yet clear...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232964/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-family-finding-a-relative-search-and-engagement-intervention-for-youth-lingering-in-foster-care
#14
Sharon Vandivere, Karin E Malm, Tiffany J Allen, Sarah Catherine Williams, Amy McKlindon
BACKGROUND: Youth who have experienced foster care are at risk of negative outcomes in adulthood. The family finding model aims to promote more positive outcomes by finding and engaging relatives of children in foster care in order to provide options for legal and emotional permanency. OBJECTIVES: The present study tested whether family finding, as implemented in North Carolina from 2008 through 2011, improved child welfare outcomes for youth at risk of emancipating foster care without permanency...
December 2017: Evaluation Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226117/pediatric-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-review-with-pooled-analysis-and-critical-care-emphasis
#15
REVIEW
Kenneth E Remy, Jason W Custer, Joshua Cappell, Cortney B Foster, Nan A Garber, L Kyle Walker, Liliana Simon, Dayanand Bagdure
Purpose: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is being recognized with increasing frequency among children. Given the paucity of evidence to guide the critical care management of these complex patients, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature with pooled analysis of published case reports and case series. Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Web of Science for relevant published studies...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#16
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217290/growth-patterns-in-early-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-the-childhood-arthritis-prospective-study-caps
#17
Flora McErlane, Roberto Carrasco, Lianne Kearsley-Fleet, Eileen M Baildam, Lucy R Wedderburn, Helen E Foster, Yiannis Ioannou, S E Alice Chieng, Joyce E Davidson, Wendy Thomson, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVES: To investigate early vertical growth patterns and factors associated with poor growth in a modern inception cohort of UK children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) using data from the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study (CAPS). METHODS: A study period of 3 years was chosen. Children included in this analysis had a physician diagnosis of JIA and had height measurements available at both baseline and at 3-years of follow-up. Height is presented as z-scores calculated using World Health Organisation growth standards for age and gender...
November 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190341/oral-health-care-needs-of-young-adults-transitioning-from-foster-care
#18
Ann Carrellas, Angelique Day, Tamara Cadet
Children who have aged out of the foster care system face considerable barriers in accessing oral health care. Although this population of foster care alumni may have Medicaid insurance while they are in care to cover dental care, 39 percent of youths who have aged out of foster care do not have dental insurance. This mixed methods study examines factors that contribute to the oral health care disparities of children who have transitioned from foster care. Multivariate analysis revealed that foster care alumni without dental insurance are 93...
November 28, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188292/association-of-the-world-war-ii-finnish-evacuation-of-children-with-psychiatric-hospitalization-in-the-next-generation
#19
Torsten Santavirta, Nina Santavirta, Stephen E Gilman
Importance: Although there is evidence that adverse childhood experiences are associated with worse mental health in adulthood, scarce evidence is available regarding an emerging concern that the next generation might also be affected. Objective: To compare the risk of psychiatric hospitalization in cousins whose parents were vs were not exposed to the Finnish evacuation policy that involved a mean 2-year stay with a Swedish foster family. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multigenerational, population-based cohort study of Finnish individuals and their siblings born between January 1, 1933, and December 31, 1944, analyzed the association of evacuee status as a child during World War II in the first generation with the risk of psychiatric hospitalization among offspring in the second generation...
November 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177801/methodological-challenges-to-the-evaluation-of-interventions-for-foster-kinship-carers-and-children-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Adam Dickes, Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, John McAloon
Caregivers of children in alternative care face a complex range of challenges that can result in placement disruption and poor long-term outcomes. Interventions designed to help carers meet these challenges report positive outcomes. Nevertheless, several reviewers have reported these positive results may be mitigated by limitations in trial methodology. This review aims to systematically review these methodological challenges and limitations, to provide an analysis of the current state of the evidence base for these interventions...
November 24, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
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