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Preeclampsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591353/le-diab%C3%A3-te-pendant-la-grossesse
#1
Howard Berger, Robert Gagnon, Mathew Sermer, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard N Brown, Emmanuel Bujold, Stephanie L Cooper, Robert Gagnon, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas M Menticoglou, William R Mundle, Anne Roggensack, Frank L Sanderson, Jennifer D Walsh
OBJECTIF: La présente Directive passe en revue les données probantes liées au diagnostic et à la prise en charge obstétricale du diabète durant la grossesse. ISSUES: Les issues évaluées étaient les issues maternelles à court et à long terme, dont la prééclampsie, la césarienne, le diabète éventuel et d'autres complications cardiovasculaires et les issues fœtales, dont les anomalies congénitales, la mortinaissance, la macrosomie, le traumatisme de la naissance, l'hypoglycémie et les effets à long terme...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877461/p-156-liddle-s-syndrome-uncommon-secondary-hypertension-a-case-report
#2
H Fay, P Y Courand, B Harbaoui, A Defforges-Ranc, F Khettab, X Jeunemaitre, P Lantelme
OBJECTIFS: Le syndrome de Liddle est une cause rare d'HTA monogénique décrite pour la première fois en 1963. Il existe actuellement 80 cas décrits dans le monde mais la prévalence de la maladie est très certainement sousestimée par défaut de diagnostic. La transmission est autosomique dominante avec une pénétrance incomplète secondaire à une mutation sur le canal sodique ENaC au niveau du tubule collecteur. MéTHODES: Une patiente de 22 ans, d'origine africaine nous est adressée au décours de sa 3e grossesse qui s'est compliquée d'une prééclampsie (G3P3)...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877348/p-049-effect-of-varying-fentanyl-dose-and-bupivacaine-isobar-in-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-with-preeclamptia
#3
N Yahiouche, S Felfli, S Saidi, H Lahmar, O Khar-Bouguia
OBJECTIFS: L'objectif de cette étude est d'évaluer la stabilité hémodynamique, l'analgésie peropératoire, ainsi que l'effet sur le nouveau-né des rachianesthésies pratiquées avec une faible dose de bupivacaine isobare associées à des doses variables de fentanyl chez les parturientes souffrant de prééclampsie. MéTHODES: 30 parturientes, consentantes, ont été colligées de façon prospective et admises au bloc de gynécologie obstétrique pour césarienne programmée sur pré-éclampsie (PE) sévère...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26596029/-blood-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-purines-in-pregnant
#4
E V Oreshnikov, S F Oreshnikov
The research includes 88 pregnant women, that had their purine basis and malondialdehyde in water thermocoagulate extract of venous blood and cerebrospinal fluid examined (along with common standards clinical-laboratory tests) before the spinal anesthesia for the caesarian section was provided It was detected that preeclampsy and HELLP-syndine feature the increased adenine guanine hypoxantine and uric acid levels in cerebrospinal fluid, as well as increased concentrations of blood malondyaldehyde (higher than upper normal level), accompany with the increased hemotaencephalic barrier permeability for adenine, guanine and hypoxantine...
July 2015: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25252542/-peculiarities-of-treatment-of-ulcerative-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-pregnant-women
#5
M V Trofimov
The occurrence rate of gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) of nonvaricosal genesis in pregnant women was analyzed. The risk of complications occurrence in the pregnancy course while performing local endoscopic hemostasis and prophylaxis of the hemorrhage recurrence occurrence was established. Application of elaborated treatment method for GIH of nonvaricosic genesis in pregnant women have promoted reduction of the severe complications rate in the pregnancy course, applying elimination of the vasoconstrictor and uterotonic effects of adrenalin, reduction of esophagogastroduodenoscopy duration...
June 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21966798/-preeclampsy-and-eclampsia-1956
#6
Fernando Zetina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2011: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20882028/hypotension-in-pregnant-women-a-population-based-case-control-study-of-pregnancy-complications-and-birth-outcomes
#7
Ferenc Bánhidy, Nándor Acs, Erzsébet H Puhó, Andrew E Czeizel
Hypotension is frequent in pregnant women; nevertheless, its association with pregnancy complications and birth outcomes has not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the possible association of hypotension in pregnant women with pregnancy complications and with the risk for preterm birth, low birthweight and different congenital abnormalities (CAs) in the children of these mothers in the population-based data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of CAs, 1980-1996. Prospectively and medically recorded hypotension was evaluated in 537 pregnant women who later had offspring with CAs (case group) and 1268 pregnant women with hypotension who later delivered newborn infants without CAs (control group); controls were matched to sex and birth week of cases (in the year when cases were born), in addition to residence of mothers...
January 2011: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19433776/hypertensive-pregnancy-disorders-and-subsequent-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-mother
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jacob A Lykke, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Baha M Sibai, Edmund F Funai, Elizabeth W Triche, Michael J Paidas
Minimal data exist concerning the relationship between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and various subsequent cardiovascular events and the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on these. In a registry-based cohort study, we identified women delivering in Denmark from 1978 to 2007 with a first singleton (n=782 287) and 2 first consecutive singleton deliveries (n=536 419). The exposures were gestational hypertension and mild and severe preeclampsia. We adjusted for preterm delivery, small for gestational age, placental abruption, and stillbirth and, in a second model, we also adjusted for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus...
June 2009: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19332162/application-of-proteomics-for-diagnosis-of-fetal-aneuploidies-and-pregnancy-complications
#9
REVIEW
Aggeliki Kolialexi, Athanasios K Anagnostopoulos, Ariadni Mavrou, George Th Tsangaris
Proteomic technologies represent new strategies towards high-throughput, simultaneous analysis of thousands of biological molecules leading to the discovery of biomarkers for early diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of pregnancy outcome. Proteomics have additional relevance in understanding pathophysiology and the development of molecularly targeted therapeutics. Comparison of normal human amniotic fluid proteome with that coming from pregnancies carrying fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities facilitated the detection of panels of potential biomarkers for prenatal detection of fetal aneuploidies...
July 21, 2009: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18637570/-pre-eclampsia-eclampsia-clinical-aptitude-on-primary-attention
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Victor M Gómez-López, Jesús Ramírez-Martínez, Martha E García-Ruiz, Ignacio Lee-Santos, Guadalupe Fong-Jaramillo, Carlos Barrientos-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical aptitude in preeclampsy and eclampsy attention in medical personnel that work in first level of attention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, prospective comparative study was performed to compare the clinical aptitude in pre-eclampsy and eclampsy attention in family practice physicians. A questionnaire comprising four clinical real cases, that belong to maternal death cases developed in the previous year of the study, was applied to 77 doctors that work at a familiar medicine unit...
March 2008: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18571828/severe-very-early-onset-preeclampsia-subsequent-pregnancies-and-future-parental-cardiovascular-health
#11
Ingrid P M Gaugler-Senden, Anne L Berends, Christianne J M de Groot, Eric A P Steegers
OBJECTIVE: To study subsequent pregnancy outcome in women with severe, very early onset preeclampsia (onset before 24 weeks' gestation) and to analyze cardiovascular risk profiles of these women and their partners. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty women with preeclampsia with an onset before 24 weeks' gestation, admitted between 1 January 1993 and 31 December 2002 at a tertiary university referral center, were enrolled in the study. Data on subsequent pregnancies were obtained from medical records...
October 2008: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18177564/-ultrasonographic-characteristics-of-biliary-gallbladder-in-patients-with-preeclampsia-eclampsia
#12
Juan Gustavo Vázquez-Rodríguez, Soledad Chiñas-Velázquez
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia-eclampsia is a hypertensive disease of pregnancy with systemic complications. Studies regarding ultrasonographic characteristics of biliary gallbladder are limited. We undertook this study to determine the ultrasonographic biliary gallbladder characteristics in patients with preeclampsia-eclampsia. METHODS: This was a case series comprised of 115 women studied who were diagnosed with preeclampsia-eclampsia during pregnancy or the postpartum period...
November 2007: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17904960/placental-angiogenesis-markers-sflt-1-and-plgf-response-to-cigarette-smoke
#13
Ramkrishna Mehendale, Judith Hibbard, Asgerally Fazleabas, Richard Leach
OBJECTIVE: Excess soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), and reduced placental growth factor (PlGF) mediate the genesis of preeclampsia. Cigarette smoking reduces the risk of preeclampsia. We hypothesized that placental secretion of sFlt-1 and PlGF was affected by exposure to cigarette smoke extract. STUDY DESIGN: Term placental villous explants were cultured with cigarette smoke extract. Media were analyzed for sFlt-1 and PlGF...
October 2007: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17660599/-relationship-of-cholelithiasis-with-obesity-in-pregnancy
#14
N V Merabishvili, S O Kamladze, G T Sulaberidze
The aim of investigation was to study the influence of obesity on the development of cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis in pregnant patients. The type of investigation was case-control study. Inclusion criteria were cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. Exclusion criteria were severe maternal diseases (preeclampsy, eclampsy, haemorrhagia) during pregnancy and in past. The main group consisted of 30 cases. For each case 2-4 pregnant patients served as control. Obesity was assessed by body mass index (BMI), and visceral obesity before pregnancy--by waist circumference (WC, criterium of WC>88 cm)...
June 2007: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17403398/effects-of-birth-spacing-on-maternal-health-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Anyeli Rosas-Bermúdez, Ana C Kafury-Goeta
The objective of the study was to explore the association between birth spacing and risk of adverse maternal outcomes. The study was a systematic review of observational studies that examined the relationship between interpregnancy or birth intervals and adverse maternal outcomes. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, long interpregnancy intervals, possibly longer than 5 years, are independently associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia. There is emerging evidence that women with long interpregnancy intervals are at increased risk for labor dystocia and that short intervals are associated with increased risks of uterine rupture in women attempting a vaginal birth after previous cesarean delivery and uteroplacental bleeding disorders (placental abruption and placenta previa)...
April 2007: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16723106/mgso4-prevents-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-an-animal-model-of-preeclampsia
#16
Brian J Coates, Tom L Broderick, Lyn M Batia, Cynthia A Standley
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that cardiac function would be reduced in a pregnant rat model of preeclampsia induced by L-NAME, a NOS inhibitor, and be reversed with magnesium sulfate prophylaxis. STUDY DESIGN: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were bred in-house. On gestational day 17, rats were anesthetized and osmotic minipumps were implanted to continuously deliver saline, L-NAME, or L-NAME and MgSO4. On gestational day 21, hearts were isolated and perfused in the working mode using Krebs Henseleit buffer...
November 2006: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16286850/perceived-exertion-during-prepregnancy-physical-activity-and-preeclampsia-risk
#17
Carole B Rudra, Michelle A Williams, I-Min Lee, Raymond S Miller, Tanya K Sorensen
PURPOSE: Studies have shown that absolute intensity of physical activity is associated with reduced risk of preeclampsia. This analysis was performed to examine whether relative intensity may also be related to preeclampsia risk. METHODS: Using data from a case-control study conducted from 1998 to 2002, the authors assessed the relation between perceived exertion (i.e., relative intensity) during usual recreational physical activity in the year before pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia...
November 2005: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12494810/-intravenous-beta-2-adrenergic-agonists-for-tocolytic-therapy-in-pre-eclampsia-two-cases-of-acute-pulmonary-edema
#18
C Eliat, L Lassel, Y M Guillou, G Le Bouar
Two cases of pulmonary oedema during beta 2-adrenergic agonist therapy in pre-eclampsia pregnant patients are reported. In our first case, the pulmonary oedema was exceptionally severe, because the patient (twins at 26 SA) had to be intubated and ventilated, but the caesarean section was performed only 6 weeks later. These two clinical observations underline the fact that B2 adrenergic agonist are not indicated for the treatment of preeclampsy. Furthermore they suggest that such patients should be rapidly admitted to intensive care units...
November 2002: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12380459/mirror-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Alex C Vidaeff, E Rebecca Pschirrer, Joan M Mastrobattista, Larry C Gilstrap, Susan M Ramin
BACKGROUND: Water retention in a pregnant woman can mirror fetal hydropic changes. This clinical presentation has been named "mirror syndrome." Awareness of the syndrome is important due to the associated fetal and maternal risks. CASE: A 26-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 1011, presented at 31 weeks' gestation with significant edema and a 7-km weight gain in one week. Sonographic evaluation revealed hydramnios and fetal ascites. Maternal workup was negative for preeclampsia, diabetes, or cardiac or renal dysfunction...
September 2002: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12215470/prognostic-value-of-office-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-measurements-in-pregnancy
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ramón C Hermida, Diana E Ayala
With the objective to assess the prognostic value of office values as compared with ambulatory monitoring in pregnancy, we analyzed 2430 blood pressure series systematically sampled from 403 untreated pregnant women for 48 consecutive hours every 4 weeks from the first visit to the hospital until delivery. Women were divided into 5 groups: "detected" gestational hypertension, women with office blood pressures >140/90 mm Hg after 20 weeks of gestation and hyperbaric index (area of blood pressure excess above the upper limit of a time-specified tolerance interval) consistently above the threshold for diagnosing hypertension in pregnancy; "undetected" gestational hypertension, office values <140/90 mm Hg but hyperbaric index above the threshold for diagnosis; normotension, both office values and hyperbaric index below the thresholds for diagnosis; white coat hypertension, women with recorded diagnosis of gestational hypertension but hyperbaric index consistently below the threshold for diagnosis; and preeclampsia, defined as gestational hypertension and proteinuria...
September 2002: Hypertension
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