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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916354/accurate-assessment-of-bowel-length-the-method-of-measurement-matters
#1
Eleanor D Muise, John J Tackett, Kevin A Callender, Neeru Gandotra, Michaela C Bamdad, Robert A Cowles
PURPOSE: Small intestinal length has prognostic significance for patients with short bowel syndrome, and accurate measurement of Roux-en-Y limbs is considered important. The flexible elasticity of bowel makes its measurement highly subjective, yet a recommended method for intestinal measurement allowing accurate comparisons between surgeons remains undefined. Measurement of intestinal length has been described, but no comparison of the fidelity of measurement technique has been made. We hypothesized that silk suture and umbilical tape would yield the most consistent measurements...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859284/comparison-of-rehydration-techniques-for-fingerprinting-the-deceased-after-mummification
#2
Chun-Chieh Chen, Chao-Kai Yang, Chun-Yu Chen, Henry C Lee, Sheng-Meng Wang
Postmortem decay causes fingertip decomposition, desiccation, shriveling, and rigidity, reducing the possibility of obtaining sufficiently clear fingerprints for identification. In this study, five rehydration solutions (ammonium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium hydroxide, urea, and warm water) followed by three fingerprint recording methods (photograph, inking roll, and dusting tape) were investigated to process mummified fingertips from an unidentified cadaver. The results show that sodium carbonate treatment is the most effective for minutiae restoration, followed by ammonium hydroxide treatment...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694905/in-situ-growth-of-highly-adhesive-surface-layer-on-titanium-foil-as-durable-counter-electrodes-for-efficient-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#3
Wantao Liu, Peng Xu, Yanjun Guo, Yuan Lin, Xiong Yin, Guangshi Tang, Meng He
Counter electrodes (CEs) of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are usually fabricated by depositing catalytic materials on substrates. The poor adhesion of the catalytic material to the substrate often results in the exfoliation of catalytic materials, and then the deterioration of cell performance or even the failure of DSCs. In this study, a highly adhesive surface layer is in situ grown on the titanium foil via a facile process and applied as CEs for DSCs. The DSCs applying such CEs demonstrate decent power conversion efficiencies, 6...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684089/high-throughput-multi-image-cryohistology-of-mineralized-tissues
#4
Nathaniel A Dyment, Xi Jiang, Li Chen, Seung-Hyun Hong, Douglas J Adams, Cheryl Ackert-Bicknell, Dong-Guk Shin, David W Rowe
There is an increasing need for efficient phenotyping and histopathology of a variety of tissues. This phenotyping need is evident with the ambitious projects to disrupt every gene in the mouse genome. The research community needs rapid and inexpensive means to phenotype tissues via histology. Histological analyses of skeletal tissues are often time consuming and semi-quantitative at best, regularly requiring subjective interpretation of slides from trained individuals. Here, we present a cryohistological paradigm for efficient and inexpensive phenotyping of mineralized tissues...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659542/assessing-size-and-strength-of-the-clavicle-for-its-usefulness-for-sex-estimation-in-a-british-medieval-sample
#5
Thomas Atterton, Isabelle De Groote, Constantine Eliopoulos
The construction of the biological profile from human skeletal remains is the foundation of anthropological examination. However, remains may be fragmentary and the elements usually employed, such as the pelvis and skull, are not available. The clavicle has been successfully used for sex estimation in samples from Iran and Greece. In the present study, the aim was to test the suitability of the measurements used in those previous studies on a British Medieval population. In addition, the project tested whether discrimination between sexes was due to size or clavicular strength...
October 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648574/bipod-arthroscopic-acromioclavicular-repair-restores-bidirectional-stability
#6
Joe De Beer, Michael Schaer, Kim Latendresse, Sumit Raniga, Beat K Moor, Matthias A Zumstein
Stabilizing the acromioclavicular joint in the vertical and horizontal planes is challenging, and most current techniques do not reliably achieve this goal. The BiPOD repair is an arthroscopically assisted procedure performed with image intensifier guidance that reconstructs the coracoclavicular ligaments as well as the acromioclavicular ligaments to achieve bidirectional stability. Repair is achieved with a combination of 2-mm FiberTape (Arthrex, Naples, Florida) and 20-mm Poly-Tape (Neoligaments, Leeds, England) to achieve rigid repair, prevent bone abrasion, and promote tissue ingrowth...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632855/the-effects-of-rigid-scapular-taping-on-acromio-humeral-distance-in-healthy-shoulders-an-observational-study
#7
Alva H Bdaiwi, Tanya Anne Mackenzie, Lee Heerington, Ian Horlsey, Ann Cools
CONTEXT: Compromise to the acromio-humeral distance has been reported in subjects with subacromial impingement syndrome when compared to healthy subjects. In clinical practice patients are taped with the intention of altering scapular position and influencing the acromio-humeral distance. However, research to determine the effects of taping on acromio-humeral distance is exiguous. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of ridged taping techniques to increase posterior scapular tilt and upward scapular rotation on the acromio-humeral distance...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448236/high-throughput-dna-extraction-of-forensic-adhesive-tapes
#8
Christina Forsberg, Linda Jansson, Ricky Ansell, Johannes Hedman
Tape-lifting has since its introduction in the early 2000's become a well-established sampling method in forensic DNA analysis. Sampling is quick and straightforward while the following DNA extraction is more challenging due to the "stickiness", rigidity and size of the tape. We have developed, validated and implemented a simple and efficient direct lysis DNA extraction protocol for adhesive tapes that requires limited manual labour. The method uses Chelex beads and is applied with SceneSafe FAST tape. This direct lysis protocol provided higher mean DNA yields than PrepFiler Express BTA on Automate Express, although the differences were not significant when using clothes worn in a controlled fashion as reference material (p=0...
September 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442336/immediate-effects-of-sports-taping-applied-on-the-lead-knee-of-low-and-high-handicapped-golfers-during-golf-swing
#9
Tae-Gyu Kim, Eun-Kuk Kim, Jong-Chul Park
Elite golf athletes suffer from various musculoskeletal injuries due to repeated golf swings. Repetitive varus moment during golf swing has been suggested as a possible cause of injuries to the lead knee. The aim of this study was to objectively and quantitatively evaluate the immediate effects of sports taping on the lead knee of elite golfers to restrict varus moment. Thirty-one elite golfers were assigned to the low (LHG, n = 15) or high handicapped group (HHG, n = 16). By using 3-dimensional motion analysis, the lead knee position on the frontal plane with and without rigid taping (RT), elastic taping (ET), and placebo taping (PT) was identified in four separate phases by the five events of golf swing: the peak of the back swing (E1), parallel to the ground during downswing (E2), ball impact (E3), parallel to the ground during follow-through (E4), and finish (E5)...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262625/the-effect-of-ankle-taping-on-functional-performance-in-participants-with-functional-ankle-instability
#10
Shane Halim-Kertanegara, Jacqueline Raymond, Claire E Hiller, Sharon L Kilbreath, Kathryn M Refshauge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of rigid ankle tape on functional performance, self-efficacy and perceived stability, confidence and reassurance during functional tasks in participants with functional ankle instability. DESIGN: Clinical measurement, crossover design. METHODS: Participants (n = 25) with functional ankle instability (Cumberland Ankle Instability Score < 25) were recruited from university students and sporting clubs...
April 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079974/the-cost-effectiveness-of-semi-rigid-ankle-brace-to-facilitate-return-to-work-following-first-time-acute-ankle-sprains
#11
Francis Fatoye, Carol Haigh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the cost-effectiveness of semi-rigid ankle brace to facilitate return to work following first-time acute ankle sprains. DESIGN: Economic evaluation based on cost-utility analysis. BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a source of morbidity and absenteeism from work, accounting for 15-20% of all sports injuries. Semi-rigid ankle brace and taping are functional treatment interventions used by Musculoskeletal Physiotherapists and Nurses to facilitate return to work following acute ankle sprains...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926612/diagnosis-and-management-of-common-foot-fractures
#12
David Bica, Ryan A Sprouse, Joseph Armen
Foot fractures are among the most common foot injuries evaluated by primary care physicians. They most often involve the metatarsals and toes. Patients typically present with varying signs and symptoms, the most common being pain and trouble with ambulation. Diagnosis requires radiographic evaluation, although emerging evidence demonstrates that ultrasonography may be just as accurate. Management is determined by the location of the fracture and its effect on balance and weight bearing. Metatarsal shaft fractures are initially treated with a posterior splint and avoidance of weight-bearing activities; subsequent treatment consists of a short leg walking cast or boot for four to six weeks...
February 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26793511/suprapubic-assisted-transurethral-excision-of-a-vaginal-mesh-eroded-into-the-bladder
#13
L Cormio, G Liuzzi, P Massenio, N Ruocco, G Di Fino, V Mancini, O Selvaggio, G Carrieri
A 56-year-old woman with irritative voiding symptoms and recurrent urinary infections was found to have erosion into the bladder of a tension-free vaginal tape placed 61 months before. To achieve radical excision, a 26Fr Amplatz sheath was placed suprapubically under endoscopic vision. A rigid nephroscope with grasping forceps was used to pull the eroded mesh out of the bladder wall while excising it transurethrally with a resectoscope. Postoperative course was uneventful; 12 months after surgery the patient remains asymptomatic...
May 2015: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26426730/effect-of-friction-on-the-peeling-test-at-zero-degrees
#14
Suomi Ponce, José Bico, Benoît Roman
We describe the peeling of an elastomeric strip adhering to a glass plate through van der Waals interactions in the limit of a zero peeling angle. In contrast to classical studies that predict a saturation of the pulling force, in this lap test configuration the force continuously increases, while a sliding front propagates along the tape. The strip eventually detaches from the substrate when the front reaches its end. Although the evolution of the force is reminiscent of recent studies involving a compliant adhesive coupled with a rigid backing, the progression of a front is in contradiction with such a mechanism...
December 28, 2015: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26261938/the-effects-of-rigid-scapular-taping-on-acromio-humeral-distance-in-healthy-shoulders-an-observational-study
#15
Alva H Bdaiwi, Tanya Anne Mackenzie, Lee Heerington, Ian Horlsey, Ann Cools
CONTEXT: Compromise to the acromio-humeral distance has been reported in subjects with subacromial impingement syndrome when compared to healthy subjects. In clinical practice patients are taped with the intention of altering scapular position and influencing the acromio-humeral distance. However, research to determine the effects of taping on acromio-humeral distance is exiguous. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of ridged taping techniques to increase posterior scapular tilt and upward scapular rotation on the acromio-humeral distance...
August 10, 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26251211/effect-of-taping-on-foot-kinematics-in-persons-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#16
Kevin Deschamps, Bart Dingenen, Femke Pans, Isabelle Van Bavel, Giovanni Arnoldo Matricali, Filip Staes
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in rigid-foot and multi-segmental foot kinematics between healthy (control) and chronic ankle instability (CAI) participants during running and to evaluate the effect of low-Dye (LD) and high-Dye (HD) taping on foot kinematics of CAI subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, comparative study. METHODS: Kinematic data of 12 controls and 15 CAI participants were collected by a 3D motion analysis system during running...
July 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26044353/randomized-comparison-of-tape-versus-semi-rigid-and-versus-lace-up-ankle-support-in-the-treatment-of-acute-lateral-ankle-ligament-injury
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M P J van den Bekerom, Robert van Kimmenade, I N Sierevelt, Karin Eggink, G M M J Kerkhoffs, C N van Dijk, E E J Raven
PURPOSE: Functional treatment is the optimal non-surgical treatment for acute lateral ankle ligament injury (ALALI) in favour of immobilization treatment. There is no single most effective functional treatment (tape, semi-rigid brace or lace-up brace) based on currently available randomized trials. METHODS: This study is designed as a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the difference in functional outcome after treatment with tape versus semi-rigid versus lace-up ankle support (brace) for grades II and III ALALIs...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25776123/efficacy-of-adhesive-taping-as-an-adjunt-to-physical-rehabilitation-to-influence-outcomes-post-stroke-a-systematic-review
#18
Namrata Grampurohit, Sujata Pradhan, Deborah Kartin
BACKGROUND: Adhesive taping as a therapeutic modality post-stroke has been investigated for two decades. No systematic review of the evidence to inform clinical practice exists. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy of adhesive taping as an adjunct to physical rehabilitation on outcomes related to body function and structure, activity, and participation post-stroke. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Web of Science from 1966 through December 2013 were searched...
February 2015: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25719722/the-newborn-butterfly-project-a-shortened-treatment-protocol-for-ear-molding
#19
Melissa A Doft, Alison B Goodkind, Shawn Diamond, Jennifer I DiPace, Ashutosh Kacker, Anthony N LaBruna
BACKGROUND: Secondary to circulating maternal estrogens, a baby's ear cartilage is unusually plastic during the first few weeks of life, providing an opportunity to correct ear deformities by molding. If molding is initiated during the first days of life with a more rigid molding system than previously described in the literature, the authors hypothesized that treatment time would be reduced and the correction rate would increase. METHODS: An interdisciplinary team identified and assessed all infants born with ear deformities at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center...
March 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25679343/the-effect-of-elastic-therapeutic-taping-on-back-extensor-muscle-endurance-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lindsey Hagen, Jeffrey J Hebert, Joel Dekanich, Shane Koppenhaver
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, crossover trial. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of elastic therapeutic taping (ETT) applied to the lumbar paraspinal region on back muscle endurance (BME) compared to no tape or a rigid therapeutic taping (RTT) procedure in individuals with nonspecific low back pain. BACKGROUND: Elastic therapeutic taping is an increasingly popular intervention for clinicians who treat patients with low back pain. However, no studies have investigated the effect of ETT on back extensor muscle performance in a symptomatic population...
March 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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