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Scar cosmetic

Mi Yu, Jun Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is an active compound that can promote wound healing. PDRN stimulates wound healing by enhancing angiogenesis and increasing fibroblast growth rates. Laser skin resurfacing is a popular cosmetic procedure for skin rejuvenation. Despite excellent improvement of photo-damaged skin and acne scarring, it is accompanied with drawbacks, such as prolonged erythema and crusting. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the effect of PDRN on wounds induced by fractional laser resurfacing...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Iffat Hassan, Peerzada Sajad, Atiya Yaseen, Syed Mubashir, Saniya Akhter, Roohi Wani
BACKGROUND: Epidermal naevi are benign hamartomatous growths of the skin which are generally asymptomatic with a benign course but are cosmetically disagreeable. Topical treatments such as steroids, calcipotriol, 5 fluorouracil, podophyllin, retinoids and cryotherapy are ineffective and surgical excision results in scar formation. Therapy is often challenging. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the response of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in the management of epidermal naevi...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Steven T Lanier, Jing Liu, Claudia Chavez-Munoz, Thomas A Mustoe, Robert D Galiano
There is a growing interest in the development and evaluation of therapeutic agents that improve the cosmetic appearance of scars. Existing nonhuman animal models to study scarring, while valuable, have well-acknowledged limitations, as it is accepted that the biology of human scarring differs significantly from scarring in other species. Moreover, human clinical trials of scarring require large numbers of subjects to achieve statistical power and are plagued by inherent intersubject variability because of the complex nature of wound healing in human beings...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Min-Hui Hung, Chun-Ta Liao, Chung-Jan Kang, Shiang-Fu Huang
Most parotid tumors grow slowly, and sometimes these patients do not request surgical treatment until the tumors become large and affect their appearance. The surgical treatment of these large tumors is usually accompanied by large skin defects after excision, and it is challenging for surgeons to close the defect primarily. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor (largest dimension, 110 mm) and the case of a 79-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor measuring approximately 77 mm that had existed for decades...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
K L M Pfistermüller, S Manoharan, D Desai, P M Cuckow
INTRODUCTION: Repair of severe primary and revision hypospadias is a demanding procedure. Debate continues as to whether a two-stage approach or single-stage technique is superior. The two-stage procedure with a free graft involves penile straightening followed by application of a graft for the neourethral plate at stage one; with tubularization at stage two after graft maturation. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of a single surgeon's experience with the two-stage repair using a free graft for both severe primary and revision hypospadias with long-term follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
So-Eun Han, Eun-Ji Kim, Hyun Hwan Sung, Jai-Kyong Pyon
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of extensive penoscrotal defects is a surgical challenge. Resurfacing defects in highly complex three-dimensional structures and restoring their function are an essential part of the reconstruction of penoscrotal regions. OBJECTIVE: We describe a technique using internal pudendal artery perforator (IPAP) pedicled propeller flaps created from the gluteal fold. This could be a reliable surgical option that maintains a natural looking scrotal pouch with minimal donor site morbidity and optimal sexual activity...
October 12, 2016: European Urology
Sajni I Khemchandani
INTRODUCTION: Classic bladder exstrophy (BE) is a rare malformation of the genito-urinary tract affecting 1:50,000 to 1:100,000 live births. The surgical reconstruction of the BE-epispadias complex is challenging for the most experienced pediatric urologists, surgeons, and orthopedists. PURPOSE: To assess the success of staged reconstruction of the BE and long-term effects on the upper urinary tract, renal function, and continence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is retrospective study; between 1994 and 2013, 30 patients with BE have undergone stage 1 repair at the institute...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Yuqian Zhao, Xueyong Li, Xiaoli Xu, Zhi He, Lei Cui, Xiaoxing Lv
Hypertrophic scarring (HS) is an overcompensation of wound healing that increases the risk of cosmetic disfigurement and functional impairment. No gold standard has been established for the treatment or prevention of HS. Our study aims to elucidate the expression and function of lumican in the pathogenesis of HS as well as the underlying mechanism involved in this procedure. An animal model of HS (rabbit ear) was established, and the Ad-lumican vectors were locally injected. Primary fibroblasts isolated from patients with hypertrophic burn scars were used in vitro...
September 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ali Balevi, Pelin Üstüner, Mustafa Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Recalcitrant facial verruca plana (FVP) may persist for years and full remission is not always achieved with conventional therapies. The clinical success rates reported for different lasers are highly variable and only one study evaluated the Er:YAG laser for the treatment of FVP. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Er:YAG is safe and effective for the treatment of recalcitrant FVP. METHODS: Forty-six patients with recalcitrant FVP were treated by Er:YAG at four-week intervals...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Xiao-Kun Lin, Da-Zhou Wu, Jing-Li Cai, Cong-De Chen, Ke-Lai Wang
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic surgery is the current accepted approach in most pediatric surgical centers. In an attempt to further minimize the surgical trauma and improve cosmetic outcome, new techniques with a single incision through the umbilicus have been proposed and we believe they will become the standard choices for pediatric surgery. This report describes our initial experience with transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic surgery (TSILS) in children with conventional instruments...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Anne F Klassen, Stefan J Cano, James C Grotting, Stephen B Baker, Jean Carruthers, Alastair Carruthers, Nancy Van Laeken, Jonathan M Sykes, Jonathan A Schwitzer, Andrea L Pusic
Importance: Aesthetic eye treatments can dramatically change a person's appearance, but outcomes are rarely measured from the patient perspective. The patient perspective could be measured using an eye-specific patient-reported outcome measure. Objective: To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of FACE-Q scales and an adverse effect checklist designed to measure outcomes following cosmetic eye treatments. Design, Setting, and Participants: Pretreatment and posttreatment patients 18 years and older who had undergone facial aesthetic procedures were recruited from plastic surgery clinics in United States and Canada and completed FACE-Q scales between June 6, 2010, and July 14, 2014...
September 15, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
D Slullitel, H Galán, V F Della, F Ibañez
INTRODUCTION: The surgical treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation remains controversial. We describe herein a combined two-stage technique that includes an arthroscopic approach followed by a mini-invasive approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 41 patients with acromioclavicular dislocation grades III, IV and V. Acute and chronic lesions and revision surgeries were included during the follow-up. Patients with other shoulder conditions were excluded. Mean age was 28...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Mina Alvandipour, Babak Gharedaghi, Hamed Khodabakhsh, Mohammad Yasin Karami
PURPOSE: Infection is one of the most frequent complications that can occur after ileostomy closure. The incidence of wound infection depends on the skin closure technique, but there is no agreement on the perfect closure method for an ileostomy wound. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of infection, the patient's approval, and the patient's pain between purse-string closure (PSC) and the usual linear closure (LC) of a stoma wound. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial enrolled 66 patients who underwent a stoma closure from February 2015 to May 2015 in Sari Emam Khomeini Hospital...
August 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
Qing-Qing He, Jian Zhu, Da-Yong Zhuang, Zi-Yi Fan, Lu-Ming Zheng, Peng Zhou, Lei Hou, Fang Yu, Yan-Ning Li, Lei Xiao, Xue-Feng Dong, Gao-Feng Ni
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are young women. Therefore, minimally invasive endoscopic thyroidectomy with central neck dissection (CND) emerged and showed well-accepted results with improved cosmetic outcome, accelerated healing, and comforting the patients. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robotic total thyroidectomy with CND via bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), compared with conventional open procedure in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Eric Arnaud
In cases of skull trauma, emergency surgery for cranial decompression typically involves the shortest approach, with the incision lying directly on or immediately near the bony defect. Subsequent reconstructive plastic surgery for the skull is difficult in such cases because incisions taken on the previous scar overlying the bony defect are prone to dehiscence and infection. Herein, we describe a technique for creating a well-vascularized delayed skin flap via multistaged operation before the actual skull reconstruction...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Shin Hwang, Jong-Woo Choi, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Won Song, Dong-Hwan Jung
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Open surgery for choledochal cyst has a disadvantage of skin incision scar from operative wound, which can be a definite disadvantage especially in young female patients. This study focused on the cosmetic aspect of skin incision for resection of choledochal cyst in young female patients. METHODS: During a 2-year study period, 11 adult female patients aged less than 40 years underwent primary resection of choledochal cyst by a single surgeon. The cosmetic effect of two types of skin incision was evaluated...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery
Perihan Ozturk, Hakan Kıran, Ergul Belge Kurutas, Kamil Mulayim, Fazıl Avcı
OBJECTIVE: Striae gravidarum is a form of scarring on the skin observed during pregnancy and can cause serious cosmetic problems. Striae gravidarum may be influenced by hormonal changes, although the etiology is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether body mass index (BMI) and serum collagenase-2 levels in pregnant women are related to the development of striae gravidarum. METHODS: Thirty pregnant women with striae, 30 pregnant women without striae, and 32 health controls were enrolled in the study...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Heidi Wat, Douglas C Wu, Henry Hin Lee Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fractionated photothermolysis (FP) has revolutionized modern laser technology. By creating selective columns of microthermal damage, fractionated devices allows for greater treatment depths to be achieved without the prolonged downtime and risk of complications seen in traditional fully ablative laser resurfacing. Fractional resurfacing is a proven method to treat a variety of cutaneous conditions. In the Caucasian patient, a wide range of devices and treatment settings can be utilized safely and effectively...
September 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Ju-Hyang Lee, Orapan Aryasit, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo, Llewellyn Lee, Owen N Johnson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgical treatments for the correction of congenital ptosis with poor levator function, including frontalis suspension or maximal levator resection, remain controversial. We evaluated the postoperative surgical and cosmetic outcomes after maximal levator resection for unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function. METHODS: A retrospective, interventional case series was performed. A total of 243 patients with 243 eyelids (210 unilateral and 33 bilateral asymmetric ptosis) who underwent unilateral maximal levator resection were included...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Sigal Tal, Hillel S Maresky, Theodore Bryan, Ella Ziv, Dov Klein, Assaf Persitz, Lior Heller
BACKGROUND: Despite being considered a non-invasive procedure, injections can cause adverse outcomes including infections, overfilling, asymmetry, foreign body granulomas, and reactions that lead to scarring. Complications may be associated with the procedure itself, the physician's technique, and/or the type of agent injected. In these instances, it is important to be able locate and identify the substance used. This study investigated the viability of using MRI to correctly identify injected substances, their symmetry of distribution, and related complications...
2016: Head & Face Medicine
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