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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702001/clearance-of-somatic-mutations-at-remission-and-the-risk-of-relapse-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#1
Kiyomi Morita, Hagop M Kantarjian, Feng Wang, Yuanqing Yan, Carlos Bueso-Ramos, Koji Sasaki, Ghayas C Issa, Sa Wang, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Xingzhi Song, Jianhua Zhang, Samantha Tippen, Rebecca Thornton, Marcus Coyle, Latasha Little, Curtis Gumbs, Naveen Pemmaraju, Naval Daver, Courtney D DiNardo, Marina Konopleva, Michael Andreeff, Farhad Ravandi, Jorge E Cortes, Tapan Kadia, Elias Jabbour, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Keyur P Patel, P Andrew Futreal, Koichi Takahashi
Purpose The aim of the current study was to determine whether the degree of mutation clearance at remission predicts the risk of relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients and Methods One hundred thirty-one previously untreated patients with AML who received intensive induction chemotherapy and attained morphologic complete remission (CR) at day 30 were studied. Pretreatment and CR bone marrow were analyzed using targeted capture DNA sequencing. We analyzed the association between mutation clearance (MC) on the basis of variant allele frequency (VAF) at CR (MC2...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627830/prediction-of-biochemical-recurrence-following-radiotherapy-among-patients-with-persistent-psa-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-single-center-experience
#2
Chenhui Xiang, Xiaoyong Liu, Shenglong Chen, Pengqiao Wang
Radiotherapy (RT) is applied in prostate cancer patients with a biochemical recurrence (BcR) after radical prostatectomy (RP). However, for the patients with persistent PSA but not undergoing the process of BcR, it remains unknown whether the application of RT can exempt them from the upcoming BcR. In this study, we identified 104 patients treated with RP who had persistent PSA level >0.1 but ≤0.2 ng/mL at 6-8 weeks after RP, of which 52 were treated with postoperative RT. Overall, 51 patients experienced BcR, among which 20 patients were treated with postoperative RT...
April 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480573/persistence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-gait-speed-recovery-in-older-adults-after-hip-fracture
#3
Alan M Rathbun, Michelle D Shardell, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Denise Orwig, Glenn V Ostir, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Jay Magaziner
OBJECTIVE: Depression after hip fracture in older adults is associated with worse physical performance; however, depressive symptoms are dynamic, fluctuating during the recovery period. The study aim was to determine how the persistence of depressive symptoms over time cumulatively affects the recovery of physical performance. METHODS: Marginal structural models estimated the cumulative effect of persistence of depressive symptoms on gait speed during hip fracture recovery among older adults (n = 284) enrolled in the Baltimore Hip Studies 7th cohort...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459556/concurrent-variant-type-3-autoimmune-polyglandular-syndrome-and-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-japanese-woman
#4
Toshie Iijima, Takafumi Niitani, Seiichi Tanaka, Kazunori Yanagi, Teruo Jojima, Kunihiro Suzuki, Isao Usui, Yoshimasa Aso
We describe a very rare case of concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A previously healthy 65-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our university hospital with a 2-month history of general fatigue and hyperglycemia. Laboratory tests revealed severe hyperglycemia (plasma glucose 543 mg/dL and HbA1c 10.7%) with ketonuria (3+). Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and IA-2 antibodies were positive, and the serum C peptide level was markedly decreased to 0...
April 26, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388324/taxane-chemotherapy-vs-antiandrogen-agents-as-first-line-therapy-for-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#5
Guru Sonpavde, Ahong Huang, Li Wang, Onur Baser, Raymond Miao
OBJECTIVES: To assess treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) receiving first-line chemotherapy or antiandrogen therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients initiating first-line antiandrogen therapy (abiraterone, enzalutamide) or chemotherapy (taxane) between October 2012 and September 2014 were retrospectively identified in the US Veterans Health Administration database. The impact of antiandrogen therapy vs chemotherapy on overall survival (OS) and time to discontinuation was assessed using Cox proportional hazard models, adjusting for prior androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) duration and available prognostic factors...
February 1, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372470/uric-acid-lowering-and-renoprotective-effects-of-topiroxostat-a-selective-xanthine-oxidoreductase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-and-hyperuricemia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-study-upward-study
#6
Takashi Wada, Tatsuo Hosoya, Daisuke Honda, Ryusuke Sakamoto, Kazutaka Narita, Tomomitsu Sasaki, Daisuke Okui, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is supposed to be an independent risk factor for kidney dysfunction in diabetic patients. We attempted to examine the uric acid-lowering effect and the renoprotective effect of topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidoreductase inhibitor, in patients with diabetic nephropathy and hyperuricemia in this pilot study. METHODS: The study design was randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. A total of 65 patients with hyperuricemia and diabetic nephropathy with microalbuminuria were enrolled and assigned to either the topiroxostat group or the placebo group...
January 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368077/retrospective-analysis-to-determine-outcomes-of-patients-with-bilateral-wilms-tumor-undergoing-nephron-sparing-surgery-15-year-tertiary-single-institution-experience
#7
Xiao-Hui Tan, De-Ying Zhang, Xing Liu, Tao Lin, Da-Wei He, Xu-Liang Li, Guang-Hui Wei
PURPOSE: To describe our clinical experience with nephron sparing surgery (NSS) for bilateral Wilms tumor and evaluate the outcomes of patients treated at one of the largest pediatric medical centers in China. METHODS: Medical records of children with bilateral Wilms tumor undergoing NSS in the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University during a 15-year period were retrospectively analyzed. Data collected were composed of age at surgery, tumor response, tumor rupture during resection, final pathologic margins, use of radiation therapy, pathology reports, renal function, and patient survival...
January 24, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238644/impact-of-preoperative-anemia-on-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-elective-posterior-cervical-fusion
#8
Kevin Phan, Alexander E Dunn, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, James E Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Few studies have investigated the role of preoperative anemia on postoperative outcomes of posterior cervical fusion. This study looked to investigate the potential relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative outcomes following posterior cervical spine fusion. Methods: Data from patients undergoing elective posterior cervical fusions between 2005 and 2012 was collected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database using inclusion/exclusion criteria...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203252/occurrence-and-improvement-of-renal-dysfunction-and-serum-potassium-abnormality-during-administration-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-in-patients-with-hematological-disorders-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Tadakazu Kondo, Kazunai Aoki, Kouhei Yamashita, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) has the potential to cause two major adverse events, renal dysfunction and serum potassium abnormality; however, appropriate clinical management of these events remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed data regarding 128 hematology patients who received L-AMB in our institute and examined the association between clinical characteristics and renal dysfunction or serum potassium abnormality. We found that the median weight-normalized dose of L-AMB was 2.69mg/kg and the median administration period was 16days...
February 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198704/ischemic-flap-survival-improvement-by-composition-selective-fat-grafting-with-novel-adipose-tissue-derived-product-stromal-vascular-fraction-gel
#10
Pan Zhang, Jingwei Feng, Yunjun Liao, Junrong Cai, Tao Zhou, Mingliang Sun, Jianhua Gao, Kai Gao
BACKGROUND: Flap necrosis due to insufficient blood supply is a common postoperative complication in random pattern flaps. Stem cell therapies have emerged as promising biologics for tissue ischemia. A novel fat derived product, stromal vascular fraction gel (SVF-gel), can be prepared with lipoaspirate through simple mechanical processing, removing only the lipid content. SVF-gel enriches adipose-derived stem cells and potentially beneficial for flap necrosis. METHODS: Nude mice ischemic flaps were treated with human SVF-gel, stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cell suspension or saline (n = 10)...
January 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114732/amyloid-%C3%AE-deposition-and-suspected-non-alzheimer-pathophysiology-and-cognitive-decline-patterns-for-12-years-in-oldest-old-participants-without-dementia
#11
Yujing Zhao, Dana L Tudorascu, Oscar L Lopez, Ann D Cohen, Chester A Mathis, Howard J Aizenstein, Julie C Price, Lewis H Kuller, M Ilyas Kamboh, Steven T DeKosky, William E Klunk, Beth E Snitz
Importance: The prevalence of pathologic conditions of the brain associated with Alzheimer disease increases strongly with age. Little is known about the distribution and clinical significance of preclinical biomarker staging in the oldest old, when most individuals without dementia are likely to have positive biomarkers. Objective: To compare the patterns of long-term cognitive decline in multiple domains by preclinical biomarker status in the oldest old without dementia...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089004/knee-stability-and-movement-coordination-impairments-knee-ligament-sprain-revision-2017
#12
David S Logerstedt, David Scalzitti, May Arna Risberg, Lars Engebretsen, Kate E Webster, Julian Feller, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Michael J Axe, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to knee ligament sprain...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043525/long-term-follow-up-and-post-relapse-outcome-of-patients-with-localized-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-treated-in-the-italian-sarcoma-group-soft-tissue-sarcoma-isg-sts-protocol-0303
#13
R De Sanctis, L Giordano, C Colombo, A De Paoli, P Navarria, C Sangalli, A Buonadonna, R Sanfilippo, G Bertola, M Fiore, A Marrari, F Navarria, A Bertuzzi, P G Casali, S Basso, A Santoro, V Quagliuolo, A Gronchi
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess patterns of recurrence and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for localized retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) after neoadjuvant high dose long-infusion ifosfamide (HLI) and radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Patients received three cycles of HLI (14 g/m(2)). RT was started in combination with II cycle up to a total dose of 50.4 Gy. Surgery was scheduled 4-6 weeks after the end of RT. The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival (RFS) after surgery...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831755/a-model-of-natural-degradation-of-17-%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-in-surface-water-and-identification-of-degradation-products-by-gc-ms
#14
Tomas Nejedly, Jiri Klimes
Over the past decade, the environment has been polluted by a wide spectrum of exogenous chemicals and environmental analysis has become one of the most progressive parts of analytical research. The aim of this work was to determine the kinetics of natural degradation, and to identify the degradation products of the massively used estrogenic drug, 17-α-ethinylestradiol. The photodegradation, oxidation and thermostability conditions were selected according to ICH requirements for pharmaceutical stability testing...
October 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606121/the-risk-factors-of-failed-reimplantation-arthroplasty-for-periprosthetic-hip-infection
#15
Shun-Wun Jhan, Yu-Der Lu, Mel S Lee, Chen-Hsiang Lee, Jun-Wen Wang, Feng-Chih Kuo
BACKGROUND: Two-stage reimplantation arthroplasty is one of the standard treatments for chronic periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Scanty data exist regarding the risk factors for failure after two-stage reimplantation for periprosthetic hip infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate and identify the risk factors associated with failure after two-stage reimplantation hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with hip PJI treated with a two-stage reimplantation protocol at our institution from 2005 to 2012 were reviewed...
June 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559171/anatomical-and-technical-predictors-of-perioperative-clinical-outcomes-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#16
Ali F AbuRahma, Trevor DerDerian, Nizar Hariri, Elliot Adams, Joseph AbuRahma, L Scott Dean, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Patrick A Stone
BACKGROUND: A few other studies have reported the effects of anatomical and technical factors on clinical outcomes of carotid artery stenting (CAS). This study analyzed the effect of these factors on perioperative stroke/myocardial infarction/death after CAS. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 409 of 456 patients who underwent CAS during the study period. A logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effects of anatomical and technical factors on perioperative stroke, death, and myocardial infarction (major adverse events [MAEs])...
August 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549073/use-of-repeated-blood-pressure-and-cholesterol-measurements-to-improve-cardiovascular-disease-risk-prediction-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#17
Ellie Paige, Jessica Barrett, Lisa Pennells, Michael Sweeting, Peter Willeit, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Vilmundur Gudnason, Børge G Nordestgaard, Bruce M Psaty, Uri Goldbourt, Lyle G Best, Gerd Assmann, Jukka T Salonen, Paul J Nietert, W M Monique Verschuren, Eric J Brunner, Richard A Kronmal, Veikko Salomaa, Stephan J L Bakker, Gilles R Dagenais, Shinichi Sato, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Johann Willeit, Altan Onat, Agustin Gómez de la Cámara, Ronan Roussel, Henry Völzke, Rachel Dankner, Robert W Tipping, Tom W Meade, Chiara Donfrancesco, Lewis H Kuller, Annette Peters, John Gallacher, Daan Kromhout, Hiroyasu Iso, Matthew Knuiman, Edoardo Casiglia, Maryam Kavousi, Luigi Palmieri, Johan Sundström, Barry R Davis, Inger Njølstad, David Couper, John Danesh, Simon G Thompson, Angela Wood
The added value of incorporating information from repeated blood pressure and cholesterol measurements to predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has not been rigorously assessed. We used data on 191,445 adults from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration (38 cohorts from 17 countries with data encompassing 1962-2014) with more than 1 million measurements of systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Over a median 12 years of follow-up, 21,170 CVD events occurred...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500045/sodium-lactate-negatively-regulates-shewanella-putrefaciens-cn32-biofilm-formation-via-a-three-component-regulatory-system-lrbs-lrba-lrbr
#18
Cong Liu, Jinshui Yang, Liang Liu, Baozhen Li, Hongli Yuan, Weijie Liu
The capability of biofilm formation has a major impact on the industrial and biotechnological applications of Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. However, the detailed regulatory mechanisms underlying biofilm formation in this strain remain largely unknown. In the present report, we describe a three-component regulatory system which negatively regulates the biofilm formation of S. putrefaciens CN32. This system consists of a histidine kinase LrbS (Sputcn32_0303) and two cognate response regulators, including a transcription factor, LrbA (Sputcn32_0304), and a phosphodiesterase, LrbR (Sputcn32_0305)...
July 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440753/is-hla-the-cause-of-the-high-incidence-of-type-1-diabetes-in-the-canary-islands-results-from-the-type-1-diabetes-genetics-consortium-t1dgc
#19
Angelo Santana Del Pino, Nathan Medina-Rodríguez, Marta Hernández-García, Francisco J Nóvoa-Mogollón, Ana M Wägner
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Canary Islands is the highest reported so far in Spain, and among the highest worldwide. The HLA region accounts for approximately half the genetic risk of type 1 diabetes. Our aim was to assess distribution of high-risk and protective HLA haplotypes in the Canarian families included in the T1DGC, as compared to the rest of Spain. METHODS: The T1DGC study, an international project to study the genetics and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, enrolled more than 3000 families with type 1 diabetes worldwide...
March 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260301/-identification-of-hla-class-%C3%A2-susceptible-alleles-and-genotypes-in-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults
#20
N N Yin, S M Luo, J Lin, Z G Xie, G Huang, X Li, P L Zheng, J P Wang, Z G Zhou
Objective: To identify human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 susceptible alleles and genotypes in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) patients of Chinese Han nationality. Methods: All subjects including 652 LADA patients and 1 181 healthy controls from 1999 to 2015 in Han nationality region of Hunan province were genotyped with high resolution at HLA-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 locus by PCR-sequence based typing (PCR-SBT). Frequencies of genotypes between patients and controls were compared by chi square test...
February 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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