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Posterior uveitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108140/steroid-treatment-in-ocular-tuberculosis-a-double-edged-sword
#1
S Souissi, T David, L Beral
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a Caribbean patient with an atypical presentation of bilateral tuberculous chorioretinopathy. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman, with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes, was referred to our center for a sudden loss of vision in the right eye to hand motions. Ophthalmic examination revealed only right papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Laboratory examination revealed no signs of inflammation...
January 17, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080153/long-term-change-of-subfoveal-choroidal-thickness-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-patients-with-posterior-uveitis
#2
UnChul Park, In Hwan Cho, Sang Woong Moon, Hyeong Gon Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) in Behçet's disease (BD) patients with posterior uveitis. METHODS: Changes in SCT measured with enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography during quiescent phase were assessed during >24 months in 63 BD patients and control group. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics showed no difference, but the BD group showed poorer visual acuity (p = 0.013) and smaller SCT (p = 0...
January 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078992/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-ii-retina-diseases-uveitis-optic-neuropathies-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#3
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health. AIM: The analysis of influence of tobacco smoking on retina diseases, uveitis, optic neuropathies, and thyroid-associated orbitopathy in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, covering the years 2000-2016. RESULTS: In adults, tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related macular degeneration, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, uveitis and inflamed cystoid macular edema as well as Grave`s ophthalmopathy...
January 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070744/changes-in-patterns-of-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-northern-italy-analysis-of-990-consecutive-cases
#4
Cimino Luca, Aldigeri Raffaella, Marchi Sylvia, Mastrofilippo Valentina, Viscogliosi Fabiana, Coassin Marco, Soldani Annamaria, Savoldi Luisa, De Fanti Alessandro, Belloni Lucia, Zerbini Alessandro, Parmeggiani Maria, Chersich Matthew, Soriano Alessandra, Salvarani Carlo, Fontana Luigi
PURPOSE: The role of uveitis, an uncommon ocular disease, is often neglected in research and treatment of autoimmune conditions. The study described the spectrum of uveitis at a referral center in North Italy, and compared that to a previously published series of patients. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with uveitis diagnosed from 2013 to 2015 at the Immunology Eye Unit, Arcispedale S. M. Nuova-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. We examined patient characteristics, disease spectrum, and etiologies...
January 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058168/a-case-of-lyme-disease-accompanied-by-uveitis-and-white-dot-syndrome
#5
İlkay Kılıç Müftüoğlu, Yonca Aydın Akova, Sirel Gür Güngör
In this case report we aimed to present a case of Lyme disease presenting as peripheral retinal vasculitis, intermediate uveitis and multifocal white dots in the posterior pole. The patient exhibited vitritis and snowball opacities in both eyes. A diagnosis of Lyme disease was made based on clinical, angiographic and laboratory findings. Fundus fluorescein angiography revealed optic nerve and retinal venous leakage as well as multiple hyperfluorescent foci in both eyes. The patient's symptoms and ocular findings significant improved after treatment with a combination of systemic antibiotics and steroids...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058156/paradoxical-worsening-of-tubercular-serpiginous-like-choroiditis-after-initiation-of-antitubercular-therapy
#6
Ebru Esen, Selçuk Sızmaz, Zeynep Kunt, Nihal Demircan
In this study, a case with tubercular choroiditis showing severe macular edema and progression of choroidal lesions following initiation of antitubercular treatment is presented and the management of posterior uveitis associated with tuberculosis is evaluated. A 40-year-old female patient was admitted with decreased vision in her right eye and her fundoscopic examination revealed serpiginous choroiditis. It was learned from her medical history that she had taken antitubercular therapy 9 years ago. Mantoux tuberculin skin test showed an area of induration measuring 15 mm and a positive interferon-gamma release assay was documented...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039672/two-cases-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma-a-diagnostic-challenge-the-supporting-role-of-multimodal-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma
#7
Mariachiara Morara, Federico Foschi, Chiara Veronese, Carlo Torrazza, Francesco Bacci, Vittorio Stefoni, P Antonio Ciardella
PURPOSE: To report two cases of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), which presented as intermediate and posterior uveitis. METHODS: Combined clinical assessment, multimodal imaging with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, brain magnetic resonance imaging and vitreous and retinal biopsy. Case 1 was a 48-year-old woman who complained of visual loss in her right eye secondary to a diffuse vitreous opacification and multiple chorioretinal lesions...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012878/viral-posterior-uveitis
#8
REVIEW
Joanne H Lee, Aniruddha Agarwal, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Cecilia S Lee, Vishali Gupta, Carlos E Pavesio, Rupesh Agrawal
The causes of posterior uveitis can be divided into infectious, autoimmune, or masquerade syndromes. Viral infections. a significant cause of sight-threatening ocular diseases in the posterior segment,, include human herpesviruses, measles, rubella, and arboviruses such as dengue, West Nile, and chikungunya virus. Viral posterior uveitis may occur as an isolated ocular disease in congenital or acquired infections or as part of a systemic viral illness. Many viruses remain latent in the infected host with a risk of reactivation that depends on various factors, including virulence and host immunity, age, and comorbidities...
December 21, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010155/change-in-visual-function-in-uveitis-patients-after-treatment-an-experience-from-nepal
#9
Nita Sunam Gamal, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Dev Narayan Shah
PURPOSE: To assess the change in visual function in uveitis patients after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This one and a half year prospective study was conducted among 180 new uveitis patients. A questionnaire was used to assess the visual function in uveitis cases and analysis of effect size change was also done. RESULTS: The male to female ratio was 1.3:1. The mean vision at presentation was 0.49 logMAR units, which improved to 0.39 logMAR units and 0...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002270/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-uveitis
#10
Moncef Khairallah, Nesrine Abroug, Sana Khochtali, Anis Mahmoud, Bechir Jelliti, Gabriel Coscas, Marco Lupidi, Rim Kahloun, Salim Ben Yahia
PURPOSE: To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) findings in eyes with Behçet uveitis (BU) and to compare these findings with those of fluorescein angiography (FA). METHODS: Prospective, comparative, cross-sectional study. Patients presenting with clinically active BU involving the posterior segment were evaluated using FA, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and OCTA. Optical coherence tomography angiograms were reviewed and analyzed...
December 20, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998457/-the-application-of-ultra-wide-field-angiography-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-patients-with-posterior-and-panuveitis
#11
Y Chi, C Y Guo, Y Peng, L J Qiao, L Yang
Objective: To evaluate the clinical application of ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography in posterior and panuveitis patients. Methods: It's a prospective, observational case series study. A total of 82 eyes of 42 patients conformed to the research criteria of posterior and panuveitis. Clinical examinations, conventional fluorescein angiography and ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiograms were performed for each patient. The main outcome was the detection of peripheral retinal changes by ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography, and how these changes influenced the evaluation and management of the disease...
December 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982726/a-bayesian-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-antimetabolite-therapies-for-non-infectious-uveitis
#12
Erica N Browne, Sivakumar R Rathinam, Anuradha Kanakath, Radhika Thundikandy, Manohar Babu, Thomas M Lietman, Nisha R Acharya
PURPOSE: To conduct a Bayesian analysis of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) for non-infectious uveitis using expert opinion as a subjective prior belief. METHODS: A RCT was conducted to determine which antimetabolite, methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil, is more effective as an initial corticosteroid-sparing agent for the treatment of intermediate, posterior, and pan-uveitis. Before the release of trial results, expert opinion on the relative effectiveness of these two medications was collected via online survey...
February 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980877/suprachoroidal-corticosteroid-administration-a-novel-route-for-local-treatment-of-noninfectious-uveitis
#13
Debra A Goldstein, Diana Do, Glenn Noronha, Jennifer M Kissner, Sunil K Srivastava, Quan D Nguyen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of suprachoroidal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in patients with noninfectious uveitis. METHODS: In this Phase 1/2 open-label clinical study, a single suprachoroidal injection of 4-mg TA in 100 μL was performed in the study eye of patients with noninfectious intermediate, posterior, or pan-uveitis, and follow-up obtained for 26 weeks. RESULTS: Nine individuals with chronic uveitis were enrolled...
December 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956325/profile-of-patients-with-uveitis-referred-to-a-multidisciplinary-unit-in-northern-spain
#14
P Fanlo, H Heras, D Pérez, G Tiberio, G Espinosa, A Adan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main characteristics of a cohort of patients with uveitis referred to a multidisciplinary unit in northern Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of patients evaluated in the Multidisciplinary Unit of the Navarra Hospital Complex from the period January 2010 until March 2015. An analysis was performed on the demographic characteristics, origin, types of uveitis, laterality, and aetiology. The present series was also compared with 2 previous series from Castilla y León and Barcelona...
December 7, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956292/surgical-indications-outcomes-and-complications-with-the-use-of-a-modified-capsular-tension-ring-during-cataract-surgery
#15
Bo Li, Yongjun Wang, Monali S Malvankar-Mehta, Cindy M L Hutnik
PURPOSE: To determine the surgical indications, outcomes, and complications with the use of modified capsular tension rings (CTRs) during cataract surgery. SETTING: Ivey Eye Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic review of databases was conducted for studies related to the use of modified CTRs during cataract surgery that were published between 1992 and 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939402/bilateral-posterior-uveitis-associated-with-zika-virus-infection
#16
Shilpa Kodati, Tara N Palmore, Frank A Spellman, Denise Cunningham, Benjamin Weistrop, H Nida Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937751/failure-to-integrate-quantitative-measurement-methods-of-ocular-inflammation-hampers-clinical-practice-and-trials-on-new-therapies-for-posterior-uveitis
#17
Carl P Herbort, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Piergiorgio Neri, Carlos Pavésio, Sumru Onal, Phuc LeHoang
Uveitis is one of the fields in ophthalmology where a tremendous evolution took place in the past 25 years. Not only did we gain access to more efficient, more targeted, and better tolerated therapies, but also in parallel precise and quantitative measurement methods developed allowing the clinician to evaluate these therapies and adjust therapeutic intervention with a high degree of precision. Objective and quantitative measurement of the global level of intraocular inflammation became possible for most inflammatory diseases with direct or spill-over anterior chamber inflammation, thanks to laser flare photometry...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937076/uveitic-glaucoma-long-term-clinical-outcome-and-risk-factors-for-progression
#18
Yael Sharon, Ronit Friling, Moshe Luski, Belén Quizhpe Campoverde, Radgonde Amer, Michal Kramer
PURPOSE: To study the long-term clinical outcomes of uveitic glaucoma and to identify risk factors for progression. METHODS: Retrospective study of uveitic glaucoma patients in two tertiary medical centers in 2003-2015. Patient- and disease-related data was retrieved. Clinical parameters and visual fields measured at predetermined time points were recorded. Outcome measures included maintaining intraocular pressure ≤21 mmHg and preserving visual fields. RESULTS: Included were 34 patients (53 eyes), with a mean follow-up of 7 years...
December 12, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937033/epidemiology-of-uveitis-in-a-tertiary-care-referral-institute-in-north-india
#19
Mohit Dogra, Ramandeep Singh, Aniruddha Agarwal, Ashok Sharma, Simar Rajan Singh, Natasha Gautam, Sonam Yangzes, Ramanuj Samanta, Manu Sharma, Kanika Aggarwal, Aman Sharma, Kusum Sharma, Reema Bansal, Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To report epidemiology of uveitis in a tertiary-care referral institute in North India. METHODS: Hospital records of patients with uveitis between June 2011 and September 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 1912 patients, 56.64% were males. Anterior uveitis (43.04%) was the most common manifestation followed by posterior uveitis (24.58%), panuveitis (16.21%), and intermediate uveitis (10.66%). Specific etiologies could be ascertained in 60...
December 12, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932287/serum-levels-of-neurotrophic-factors-in-active-toxoplasmic-retinochoroiditis
#20
Cynthia Azeredo Cordeiro, Erica Leandro Marciano Vieira, Natália Pessoa Rocha, Vinicius Monteiro Castro, Juliana Lambert Oréfice, Tatiana Barichello, Rogerio Alves Costa, Fernando Oréfice, Lucy Young, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
: Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis (TR) is the most common identifiable cause of posterior uveitis in Brazil. Response to treatment and clinical presentation may vary significantly. We assessed serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), neurotrophin (NT)-3, and NT-4/5 in patients with active TR, before and after TR treatment. METHODS: Twenty patients with active lesion and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
December 5, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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