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Vogt Koyanagi Harada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537523/the-pattern-of-uveitis-in-sri-lanka
#1
Jay Siak, Mirna Kumaradas, Soon-Phaik Chee
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of uveitis at a tertiary uveitis referral clinic in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Consecutive charts identified from a registry between January 2010 and December 2014 at the Mediclinic Hospital, Colombo were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among 750 patients, anterior uveitis (AU) was the most common (285, 38%), followed by posterior uveitis (187, 25%), intermediate uveitis (150, 20%), and panuveitis (128, 17%). 485 (65%) were idiopathic...
May 24, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535268/evaluation-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-as-a-biomarker-of-treatment-response-in-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#2
Cristhian A Urzua, Julia Guerrero, Hector Gatica, Victor Velasquez, Annelise Goecke
Purpose: This study is aimed to investigate the role of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) isoforms in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as biomarkers of glucocorticoid (GC) resistance and to validate a set of clinical predictive factors in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included a total of 21 patients with VKH. A complete ophthalmologic evaluation was carried out at baseline that recorded the presence of any clinical predictive factors (visual acuity ≤ 20/200, tinnitus, chronic disease, and fundus depigmentation)...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528606/vitiligo-not-simply-a-skin-disease
#3
REVIEW
Jusleen Ahluwalia, Lilia M Correa-Selm, Babar K Rao
Melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation, are present in other parts of the body, such as the ocular, auditory, nervous, and cardiac systems. Within these systems, their roles serve a different purpose than their classical counterparts in skin as pigment cells. Such roles include cell turnover in retinal pigment epithelium, maintenance of balance and prevention of environmental damage in the auditory neuroepithelium, role-playing as dendritic cells within the leptomeninges, and prevention of oxidative damage in adipose tissue...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503445/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-incomplete-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#4
Gilda Cennamo, Mario R Romano, Claudio Iovino, Giuseppe de Crecchio, Giovanni Cennamo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469878/vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-like-posterior-uveitis-in-the-course-of-nivolumab-anti-pd-1-antibody-interposed-by-vemurafenib-braf-inhibitor-for-metastatic-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma
#5
Toshihiko Matsuo, Osamu Yamasaki
A patient with metastatic cutaneous malignant melanoma developed Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease-like posterior uveitis after two nivolumab (anti-PD-1 antibody) injections. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, with the background of autoimmunity against choroidal melanocytes, suggests nivolumab be working by disintegrating inhibition circuit of T cells against a common epitope shared between melanoma cells and normal melanocytes.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432342/hypermethylation-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-8-irf8-confers-risk-to-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#6
Yiguo Qiu, Hongsong Yu, Yunyun Zhu, Zi Ye, Jing Deng, Wencheng Su, Qingfeng Cao, Gangxiang Yuan, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang
Aberrant methylation change of IRF8 confers risk to various tumors, and abnormal expression of IRF8 is involved in many autoimmune diseases, including ocular Behcet's disease. However, whether the methylation change of IRF8 is associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease remains unknown. In the present study, we found a decreased IRF8 mRNA expression in association with a higher methylation level in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) from active VKH patients compared with the normal and inactive subjects...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429127/uveitis-in-siriraj-hospital-pattern-differences-between-immune-related-uveitis-and-infectious-uveitis-in-a-university-based-tertiary-care-hospital
#7
Nattaporn Tesavibul, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Pitipol Choopong, Sujintana Tanterdtham
PURPOSE: To describe a proportion of uveitis and to analyse differences between immune-related uveitis and infectious uveitis groups. METHODS: A retrospective study of 458 uveitis patients were categorized into immune-related uveitis, infectious uveitis, masquerade, and undetermined groups. The pattern of inflammation was described. Subgroup analysis was performed to compare pattern differences between immune-related uveitis and infectious uveitis groups. RESULTS: The most common location of inflammation was the anterior eye segment...
April 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412807/-clinical-features-risk-factors-and-progresses-on-treatment-of-recurrent-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#8
S S Jia, C Zhao, X S Liu, M F Zhang
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease(VKH) is a bilateral, granulomatous panuveitis associated with central nervous system, auditory, and integumentary manifestations. Clinically, VKH usually responds well to early aggressive glucocorticosteroid treatment and may be cured without any clinically significant sequelae. Some patients, however, may enter the chronic recurrent phase, which may result in marked loss of vision due to complications such as complicated cataract, secondary glaucoma and maculopathy. Recurrent VKH is mainly characterized by anterior uveitis associated with thickening of the choroid...
April 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389634/tuberculous-posterior-sclero-uveitis-with-features-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-uveitis-an-unusual-case
#9
Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, George Kitsos, Athanasios Konstantinidis, Constantina Gartzonika, Evgenia Svarna, Konstantinos Malamos, Emmanouil Katsanevakis, Chris Kalogeropoulos
BACKGROUND Ocular tuberculosis (TB) is a clinical entity that presents with a wide range of clinical manifestations. It is regarded as an extremely challenging condition from the point of view of diagnostic approach and calls for early diagnosis and prompt treatment, as it can potentially lead to blindness. CASE REPORT This is a case report of a 32-year-old male from southern India who has been living and working in Greece over the last 10 years and presented with 2-week history of pain and progressive visual impairment of his left eye...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382438/the-effect-on-choroidal-changes-of-the-route-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#10
Un Chul Park, In Hwan Cho, Eun Kyung Lee, Hyeong Gon Yu
PURPOSE: To determine whether route of corticosteroid administration during the acute stage of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease affects depigmentary change and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) during the convalescent stage. METHODS: In this retrospective comparative study, VKH patients with the interval between diagnosis and final follow-up of ≥ 24 months were divided into two groups according to route of systemic corticosteroid; intravenous pulse therapy (IV pulse group) and oral administration (oral group)...
April 5, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361380/a-challenged-case-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-syndrome-when-dermatological-manifestations-came-first
#11
Inês Coutinho, Catarina Pedrosa, Cristina Santos, Susana Pina, Maria Lisboa, Manuela Bernardo, Isabel Prieto
INTRODUCTION: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKHS) is an inflammatory systemic autoimmune disease principally affecting pigmented tissues in the ocular, auditory, integumentary and central nervous systems. Patients are generally women in the fourth decade of life. The prognosis is correlated mainly with the time between diagnosis and the start of treatment and number of recurrent episodes of inflammation. Most complications are mainly ocular. The purpose of this paper is to describe a clinical case of VKHS...
March 30, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323511/photoreceptor-cell-injury-starts-in-the-initial-stage-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#12
Ruilin Zhu, Jing Zhang, Lijun Qiao, Yadi Zhang, Xiaopeng Gu, Liu Yang
PURPOSE: To demonstrate photoreceptor cell injury in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: The SD-OCT and FAF tests of 16 patients diagnosed with VKH disease that was followed up from the initial stage to the convalescent stage were reviewed. RESULTS: In the initial stage of VKH disease, there was hyperautofluerescence around the macular edema. In the convalescent stage of VKH disease, loss of photoreceptor and injury of RPE have been detected by OCT scan at the same area, which was corresponded with the abnormalities in FAF...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323505/pattern-of-uveitis-in-a-referral-hospital-in-bangladesh
#13
Zahedur Rahman, Ziaul Ahsan, Niaz Abdur Rahman, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in a tertiary eye care center in Bangladesh. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all uveitis cases visiting uveitis clinic of Bangladesh Eye Hospital between January, 2009 and April, 2015. RESULTS: In total, 652 patients (mean age 32.3 years, female 47.8%) were included in the study. Uveitis was bilateral in 42.6% of cases. Anterior uveitis was the most common (39.2%) case, closely followed by intermediate uveitis (22...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299496/contribution-of-dual-fluorescein-and-indocyanine-green-angiography-to-the-appraisal-of-posterior-involvement-in-birdshot-retinochoroiditis-and-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#14
Ozlem Balci, Bruno Jeannin, Carl P Herbort
PURPOSE: To assess the levels of retinal and choroidal involvement in initial-onset birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease, two stromal choroiditis entities. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients diagnosed with BRC and VKH, seen during initial-onset disease at the Centre for Ophthalmic Specialized Care, Lausanne, Switzerland. Angiographic signs were quantified, using an established dual fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) scoring system for uveitis, and the FA/ICGA score ratios were compared between diseases...
March 15, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283106/vogt-koyanagi-harada-syndrome-mimicking-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Raghad Algahtani, Abdulah Alkahtani, Saeed Alwadie
Vogt Koyanagi Harada (VKH) Syndrome, also called uveomeningioencephalitis, is a chronic disorder characterized by inflammation of the uvea, meninges, auditory system, and integumentary system. The association between VKH syndrome and multiple sclerosis (MS) has been reported only once in the literature in a patient who developed VKH syndrome after two years of the diagnosis of MS. In this article, we report a case who was misdiagnosed and treated as MS until she was proven to have VKH syndrome, and a diagnosis of MS was excluded...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278322/promoter-hypermethylation-of-gata3-il-4-and-tgf-%C3%AE-confers-susceptibility-to-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-in-han-chinese
#16
Yunyun Zhu, Hongsong Yu, Yiguo Qiu, Zi Ye, Wencheng Su, Jing Deng, Qingfeng Cao, Gangxiang Yuan, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang
Purpose: We investigated the role of promoter methylation of transcriptional and inflammatory factors, including TBX21, GATA3, RORγt, FOXP3, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17A, and TGF-β in the development of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. Methods: The promoter methylation levels were detected by the Sequenom MassARRAY system in CD4+ T cells that were separated from 20 healthy individuals and 32 VKH patients (20 in the active stage without medication, 12 in inactive stage with medication)...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260142/the-spectrum-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-in-iran
#17
Alireza Hedayatfar, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Nasser Karimi, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Negin Badie, Mahsa Zameni, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To report the spectrum of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease in Persians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with VKH disease at four referral centers in Iran. Patients' demographics, ocular and extraocular manifestations, treatment modalities, complications, and visual outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients with a mean age of 32.1 ± 12.6 years (range 7-79 years) were studied...
March 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242123/bilateral-exudative-retinal-detachment-associated-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-in-a-patient-treated-with-corticosteroids
#18
T Rueda-Rueda, J L Sánchez-Vicente, L Llerena-Manzorro, A Medina-Tapia, L González-García, A Alfaro-Juárez, C Vital-Berral, F López-Herrero, A Muñoz-Morales, L S Ortega, Á Herrador-Montiel
CASE REPORT: The case is presented on a 54-year-old woman with a central serous chorioretinopathy, misdiagnosed as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, and treated with systemic corticosteroids. The patient presented with a bilateral bullous exudative retinal detachment. DISCUSSION: Discontinuation of corticosteroid therapy, surgical drainage of subretinal fluid, and photodynamic therapy, led to anatomical and functional improvement. The recognition of an atypical presentation of central serous chorioretinopathy may avoid complications of the inappropriate treatment with corticosteroids...
February 24, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241069/early-post-treatment-choroidal-thickness-to-alert-sunset-glow-fundus-in-patients-with-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids
#19
Kiriko Hirooka, Wataru Saito, Kenichi Namba, Kazuomi Mizuuchi, Daiju Iwata, Yuki Hashimoto, Susumu Ishida
PURPOSE: To determine if early post-treatment central choroidal thickness (CCT) changes can predict sunset glow fundus (SGF) development in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease treated using systemic corticosteroids. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 39 eyes of 21 treatment-naïve patients with acute VKH disease who could be followed up for more than 12 months after systemic corticosteroid therapy. The eyes were divided into two groups according to whether SGF was present or absent at 12 months (9 eyes of 5 patients versus 30 eyes of 16 patients, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203189/a-mystery-of-bilateral-annular-choroidal-and-exudative-retinal-detachment-with-no-systemic-involvement-is-it-part-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-spectrum-or-a-new-entity
#20
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Walter Andreatta, Li Jiang, Kenan Damer, Jalil Al-Ibrahim
A 65-year-old Caucasian male presented to the eye emergency department with bilateral significant visual loss. He was otherwise healthy with no significant past medical history. Ophthalmic history was significant for chronic open-angle glaucoma, for which the patient was using latanoprost once daily to both eyes. There was no preceding history of trauma or ocular surgery and the patient was emmetropic. Two weeks prior to his presentation, he reported a headache, which settled spontaneously. Slit-lamp examination demonstrated bilateral keratic precipitates, bilateral significantly shallow anterior chamber, and bilaterally normal intraocular pressures of 16 mm Hg...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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