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Multifocal choroiditis

Rosa Dolz-Marco, David Sarraf, Vincent Giovinazzo, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To describe multimodal imaging findings of an evolving case of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy occurring in a young healthy male. METHODS: Case report of a patient with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy including comprehensive systemic and ocular examinations. Ultra-widefield autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and serial optical coherence tomography angiography were performed...
October 18, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Dana Ahnood, Savitha Madhusudhan, Marie D Tsaloumas, Nadia K Waheed, Pearse A Keane, Alastair K Denniston
Punctate Inner Choroidopathy (PIC), an idiopathic inflammatory multifocal chorioretinopathy that predominantly affects young myopic women, appears to be relatively rare, but there is limited data to support accurate estimates of prevalence, and it is likely that the condition is under-diagnosed. The etiological relationship between PIC and other conditions within the 'white dot syndromes' group remains uncertain. We, like others, would suggest that PIC and multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis (MCP) represent a single disease process that is modified by host factors (including host immunoregulation) to cause the range of clinical phenotypes seen...
October 14, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
Raksha Rao, Renelle Pointdujour-Lim, Arupa Ganguly, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral multifocal melanoma in a patient with germ line BRCA-associated protein 1 mutation. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 67-year-old white woman with a family history of lung and liver cancers developed blurred visual acuity of 20/30 in the left eye. She was discovered to have two independent pigmented choroidal melanomas in the macula and superotemporally, both demonstrating overlying subretinal fluid and orange pigment...
October 4, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Alain Gaudric, Sarah Mrejen
PURPOSE: To determine what retinal layer is primarily involved in multiple evanescent white dot syndrome compared with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy using multimodal imaging including indocyanine green angiography. METHODS: Color fundus photographs and fluorescein angiography, ICGA and spectral domain optical coherence tomography images of two typical acute cases, one of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and one of multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, were assessed and compared...
September 21, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Aniruddha Agarwal, Kanika Aggarwal, Ankit Deokar, Spoorti Krishna Reddy Mandadi, Simar Rajan Singh, Ramandeep Singh, Aman Sharma, Reema Bansal, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of lesions of tubercular multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis (TB MSC) that developed paradoxical worsening (PW). METHODS: In this prospective study, subjects with TB MSC who developed PW upon initiation of anti-tubercular therapy were included. Multimodal imaging was performed using OCTA, enhanced-depth imaging OCT, fluorescein angiography (FA), and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA)...
September 6, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Alessio Cerquaglia, Marco Lupidi, Tito Fiore, Barbara Iaccheri, Paolo Perri, Carlo Cagini
The aim of the study was to report the clinical utility of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in characterizing and differentiating inflammatory lesions and choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in multifocal choroiditis (MFC). A patient affected by MFC complaining central visual loss and scotoma in his left eye was fully investigated with dye-based angiographies, structural OCT and OCT-A. A reactivation of macular CNV was initially suspected, while OCT-A revealed the absence of any decorrelation signal both over the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and between RPE and Bruchs' membrane...
September 2, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Alex Fonollosa, Sonia Valsero, Joseba Artaraz, Ioana Ruiz-Arruza
BACKGROUND: Continuous progression of lesions despite an adequate treatment has been described in tubercular multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis. Reported treatments for this paradoxical response include systemic steroids, immunosuppressive drugs, and intravitreal methotrexate. We describe the use of dexamethasone intravitreal implants in a patient presenting with this condition. FINDINGS: A 46-year-old woman sought medical attention for scotomas in her left eye...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
M Roca, M Menezo, J M Ronchera, J M Esteban, B Roca
CASE REPORT: Punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) is a variant of multifocal choroiditis that principally affects young and healthy women. A case of this condition is described in a woman who presented with a scotoma as the main complaint. Four months after the diagnosis of PIC, she developed an exudative neurosensory detachment associated with an active focus of juxtafoveal choroiditis. Finally, with systemic corticosteroids and intravitreal ranibizumab, she made excellent progress. DISCUSSION: Intravitreal ranibizumab, associated with systemic corticosteroids, may be an effective treatment for exudative neurosensory detachment complicating PIC...
August 20, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Ashleigh L Levison, Kimberly M Baynes, Careen Y Lowder, Peter K Kaiser, Sunil K Srivastava
PURPOSE: To describe the findings seen on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) and multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis (MCP) complicated by choroidal neovascular membranes. METHODS: This was an Institutional Review Board-approved prospective, descriptive case series. 12 patients with PIC and MCP complicated by choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) were included. Each patient underwent slit-lamp examination by a uveitis specialist followed by conventional spectral domain OCT imaging of the macula...
August 18, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Aaron Nagiel, Daniel B Rootman, Tara A McCannel
BACKGROUND: To illustrate the evolution of paraneoplastic vitelliform maculopathy over one year using optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 65-year-old man with a history of ocular melanocytosis and choroidal melanoma of the left eye treated with plaque brachytherapy 3 years prior returned for his yearly follow-up visit. The visual acuity in the right eye was 20/20. Subtle thickening of the interdigitation zone layer was noted on optical coherence tomography...
August 16, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Shiyuan Wang, Peiquan Zhao
PURPOSE: To describe a peculiar choroidal entity using multimodality imaging and to further understand the relationship between focal choroidal excavation and central serous chorioretinopathy. CASE REPORT: A peculiar entity was detected in both eyes of a 20-year-old male patient who was followed for more than 4 years; one perifoveal focal choroidal excavation and two extrafoveal focal choroidal excavations were noted in each eye. The bilateral perifoveal focal choroidal excavations exhibited progressive development with repeated interconversion between the nonconforming and conforming types...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Reiko Kinouchi, Noriko Nishikawa, Akihiro Ishibazawa, Akitoshi Yoshida
Few cases have been reported describing choroidal vasculature in acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. We report choroidal vasculature changes in an APMPPE patient with the clinical course characterized by OCT angiography. A 39-year-old female was referred to us for bilateral multiple white spots in bilateral fundus. The best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/50 in the left eye. Multiple yellowish-white placoid lesions were observed in bilateral fundus, and fluorescein angiography showed a "block early, stain late" pattern at the placoid lesions characteristic of APMPPE...
July 28, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Z Szepessy, B B Entz, Z Z Nagy
Syphilis is an infectious disease that can cause a wide variety of ocular signs. One of the rarest manifestations of ocular syphilis is acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis (ASPPC). We report the case of an immunocompetent 38-year-old woman diagnosed with unilateral, atypical, acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis. Fundoscopic examination revealed a yellow-white, subretinal, placoid lesion at the posterior pole, which is typical sign of ASPPC. In the periphery of the retina, multifocal choroiditis was also found...
July 26, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Paulo H E Arruda, Gregory W Stevenson, Mary L Killian, Eric R Burrough, Phillip C Gauger, Karen M Harmon, Drew R Magstadt, Kyoung-Jin Yoon, Jianqiang Zhang, Darin M Madson, Pablo Piñeyro, Rachel J Derscheid, Kent J Schwartz, Vickie L Cooper, Patrick G Halbur, Rodger G Main, Yuko Sato, Bailey L Arruda
The largest outbreak of highly pathogenic avian Influenza A virus (HPAIV) infection in U.S. history began in December 2014 resulting in the euthanasia of millions of birds and collateral economic consequences to the U.S. poultry industry. We describe 2 cases of H5N2 HPAIV infection in laying hens in Iowa. Following a sharp increase in mortality with minimal clinical signs, 15 dead birds, from 2 unrelated farms, were submitted to the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. Common lesions included diffuse edema and multifocal hemorrhage of the comb, catarrhal exudate in the oropharynx, and multifocal tracheal hemorrhage...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Naseh Mohammadi, Fariba Ghassemi, Esfandiar Shojaei, Pardis Moradnejad
PURPOSE: To describe a case of bilateral presumed tuberculous choroiditis which resolved promptly with a short course of antituberculous therapy. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old lady presented with bilateral visual loss of 8 months'duration. Considering the presence of pan-uveitis, severe macular edema, multifocal leakage on fluorescein angiography, positive tuberculin skin test, and after excluding other diseases, she underwent anti-tuberculous therapy (ATT) for disseminated choroiditis due to presumed ocular tuberculosis...
April 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Yoshimasa Kuroda, Sotaro Ooto, Kenji Yamashiro, Akio Oishi, Hideo Nakanishi, Hiroshi Tamura, Naoko Ueda-Arakawa, Nagahisa Yoshimura
PURPOSE: To investigate the choroidal vascular structural changes in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) by using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: We prospectively examined 40 eyes of 34 consecutive patients with CSC. Three-dimensional choroidal images of the macular area, covering 3 × 3 mm and 6 × 6 mm, were obtained with SS-OCT. En face images of the microvasculature of the inner choroid and large choroidal vessel layers were converted to binary images...
September 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Polina Astroz, Sarah Mrejen, Eric H Souied, Camille Jung, Salomon Y Cohen
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of tilted disk syndrome (TDS) and inferior staphyloma on the macular clinical expression of MFC. METHODS: Medical charts of patients with MFC examined since 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent standard examination and multimodal imaging including fundus color photography, fundus autofluorescence, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Two groups of patients were compared : Group 1 with TDS and inferior staphyloma and Group 2 without...
July 1, 2016: Retina
Martin Gliem, Philipp L Müller, Johannes Birtel, Doris Hendig, Frank G Holz, Peter Charbel Issa
PURPOSE: To characterize atrophy of the outer retina and the retinal pigment epithelium in patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE). METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, the frequency and phenotypic characteristics of manifest atrophy were investigated in 276 eyes of 139 patients using color fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (AF) imaging, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Progression rates of atrophy were quantified in eyes with longitudinal AF recordings...
June 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Lu Cheng, Xia Chen, Sisi Weng, Lei Mao, Yuanyuan Gong, Suqin Yu, Xun Xu
PURPOSE: To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) findings in multifocal choroiditis (MFC) with active lesions and to characterize the concordance between the OCTA and other traditional imaging modalities. DESIGN: Reliability and validity analysis. METHODS: Patients with suspected choroidal neovascularization (CNV) or acute inflammatory lesions associated with MFC were assessed in this study. All participants underwent preliminary traditional multimodal imaging including color fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, near-infrared reflectance imaging, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and fluorescence angiography (FA)...
September 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Susanna S Park, Sumeer Thinda, Dae Yu Kim, Robert J Zawadzki, John S Werner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
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