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Near Death Experiences

Mark Corbett
Conceivably, in an ideal world, all patients with a life-limiting illness would receive optimal hospice and palliative care so that no one would ever wish to hasten their own death. The reality, however, is that despite provision of optimal hospice and palliative care, individuals with terminal illness experience suffering, loss of meaning, or deterioration in quality of life to the extent where they express the desire to expedite the dying process. While there has been extensive discussion surrounding physician-assisted death (PAD), there has been less attention paid to the practice of voluntary stopping eating and drinking (VSED) near the end of life...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Jeffrey L Levin, Alina Rouk, Sara Shepherd, George A Hurst, Jerry W McLarty
The Tyler asbestos plant produced pipe insulation from 1954 to 1972 and exclusively used amosite asbestos. There were 1130 former workers of this plant during the period of operation. A death certificate mortality analysis was published regarding this plant in 1998 for the period through 1993. This study represents an update of the mortality analysis with additional certificates collected for deaths occurring through 2011.Searches of the National Death Index database were conducted in 2004 and again in 2013...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Minnie Bluhm, Cathleen M Connell, Raymond G De Vries, Nancy K Janz, Kathleen E Bickel, Maria J Silveira
PURPOSE: The value of chemotherapy for patients with cancer in the last weeks of life warrants examination. Late chemotherapy may not improve survival or quality of life but typically precludes hospice enrollment and may result in additional symptoms, increased use of other aggressive treatments, and worsening quality of life. Few studies have explored oncologists' rationales for administering chemotherapy near death. This study examines the self-reported factors that influence oncologists' decisions about late chemotherapy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Stephanie Kukora, Nathan Gollehon, Naomi Laventhal
BACKGROUND: Some pregnant patients with complex fetal anomalies meet with paediatric palliative care subspecialists prior to delivery, but referral to antenatal palliative care consultation (APCC) is not standard. Little is known about its role in perinatal decision-making. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective cohort study was undertaken for patients referred for outpatient antenatal counselling by a neonatologist over a two-and-half-year period. Patients also receiving APCC were compared with infants with similar prognoses who did not...
September 16, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Jane Österlind, Britt-Marie Ternestedt, Görel Hansebo, Ingrid Hellström
AIM: The aim of the study was to deepen the understanding of how older persons living in a nursing home experience life close to death. BACKGROUND: A move to and a life in a nursing home while being close to death is a reality for many older people in Sweden. Being able to express thoughts and feelings about death has been described as both crucial for sustaining personhood as well as for establishing a meaningful existence at the end of life. Important are the experiences of older people living in nursing homes who are approaching death...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Jessica Påfs, Aimable Musafili, Pauline Binder-Finnema, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Stephen Rulisa, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Rwanda has made remarkable progress in decreasing the number of maternal deaths, yet women still face morbidities and mortalities during pregnancy. We explored care-seeking and experiences of maternity care among women who suffered a near-miss event during either the early or late stage of pregnancy, and identified potential health system limitations or barriers to maternal survival in this setting. METHODS: A framework of Naturalistic Inquiry guided the study design and analysis, and the 'three delays' model facilitated data sorting...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jessica R Hoag, Upendra Hegde, Rebecca Zweifler, Marianne Berwick, Helen Swede
Mortality from metastatic cutaneous melanoma is substantially heterogeneous as reflected in three distant metastatic (M1) subtypes with metastasis to skin, subcutaneous tissue, or distant lymph nodes (M1a), conferring nearly half the risk of death compared with distant visceral metastasis (M1c). It remains unknown whether older patients experience the survival benefit from the M1a subtype given a higher overall mortality risk. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result data were retrieved from 1878 metastatic melanoma patients, from 2005 to 2009, with follow-up through 2011...
October 2016: Melanoma Research
Jennifer E Fergeson, Shiven S Patel, Richard F Lockey
Asthma affects about 300 million people globally and accounts for 1 in every 250 deaths in the world. Approximately 12 million people in the United States each year experience an acute exacerbation of their asthma, a quarter of which require hospitalization. Acute asthma should be differentiated from poor asthma control. Patients with acute asthma will exhibit increasing shortness of breath, chest tightness, coughing, and/or wheezing. In contrast, poor asthma control typically presents with a diurnal variability in airflow and is a characteristic that is usually not seen during an acute exacerbation...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lisa Kleppel, Patricia D Suplee, Alison M Stuebe, Debra Bingham
Purpose To showcase several current national initiatives that focus on reducing maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity and promote postpartum health and wellness for all women. Description Maternal injuries and deaths are a serious public health concern with tremendous impact on families, communities, and healthcare providers. Over the past two decades, it has become apparent that the timing of serious maternal complications has shifted, with more than half of deaths occurring in the immediate postpartum period up to 1 year following birth...
August 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Xiangzheng Chen, Yangping Wu, Tinghan Yang, Mingtian Wei, Yuxi Wang, Xiangbing Deng, Congcong Shen, Wenting Li, Hang Zhang, Weiyong Xu, Lantu Gou, Yong Zeng, Yonghui Zhang, Ziqiang Wang, Jinliang Yang
BACKGROUND: Cachexia has a devastating impact on survival and quality of life for many cancer patients and contributes to nearly one-third of all cancer deaths; also, it is associated with poor responses to chemotherapy and survival. A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of cancer-associated cachexia (CAC), coupled with effective therapeutic approaches, will improve management of progressive functional impairment in cancer patients. Salidroside, a phenylpropanoid glycoside in Rhodiola rosea L, has been reported to possess potential anti-fatigue, anti-ageing, and anti-Alzheimer's disease properties...
May 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Jung Ae Lee, Nam Kwon Lee, Won Sup Yoon, Dae Sik Yang, Chul Yong Kim, Se Ryun Lee, Hwa Jeong Seong
AIM: Our study analyzed the frequency and causes of treatment interruption among patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: A total of 1637 RT courses in 1500 patients were reviewed from September 2009 to October 2013. A continuous break over 7 days or a discontinuous break over 14 days was regarded as a temporary break and RT under 80% of planned treatment was regarded as incomplete. RESULTS: Two-hundred and twenty courses (13...
August 4, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
E Krzywinska, V Kokoza, M Morris, E de la Casa-Esperon, A S Raikhel, J Krzywinski
In many taxa, sex chromosomes are heteromorphic and largely non-recombining. Evolutionary models predict that spread of recombination suppression on the Y chromosome is fueled by the accumulation of sexually antagonistic alleles in close linkage to the sex determination region. However, empirical evidence for the existence of sexually antagonistic alleles is scarce. In the mosquito Aedes aegypti, the sex-determining chromosomes are homomorphic. The region of suppressed recombination, which surrounds the male-specific sex-determining gene, remains very small, despite ancient origin of the sex chromosomes in the Aedes lineage...
August 3, 2016: Heredity
Nickhill Bhakta, Qi Liu, Frederick Yeo, Malek Baassiri, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Deo K Srivastava, Monika L Metzger, Matthew J Krasin, Kirsten K Ness, Melissa M Hudson, Yutaka Yasui, Leslie L Robison
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of cardiovascular morbidity in paediatric, adolescent, and young adult survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma is not known. Using medically ascertained data, we applied the cumulative burden metric to compare chronic cardiovascular health conditions in survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma and general population controls. METHODS: For this study, participant data were obtained from two ongoing cohort studies at St Jude Children's Research Hospital: the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) and the St Jude Long-term Follow-up Study (SJLTFU)...
September 2016: Lancet Oncology
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, William A Fischer, Timothy M Uyeki, Thomas E Fletcher, Neill K J Adhikari, Gina Portella, Francois Lamontagne, Christophe Clement, Shevin T Jacob, Lewis Rubinson, Abel Vanderschuren, Jan Hajek, Srinivas Murthy, Mauricio Ferri, Ian Crozier, Elhadj Ibrahima, Marie-Claire Lamah, John S Schieffelin, David Brett-Major, Daniel G Bausch, Nikki Shindo, Adrienne K Chan, Tim O'Dempsey, Sharmistha Mishra, Michael Jacobs, Stuart Dickson, G Marshall Lyon, Robert A Fowler
As of 20 May 2016 there have been 28,646 cases and 11,323 deaths resulting from the West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak reported to the World Health Organization. There continue to be sporadic flare-ups of EVD cases in West Africa.EVD presentation is nonspecific and characterized initially by onset of fatigue, myalgias, arthralgias, headache, and fever; this is followed several days later by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Anorexia and gastrointestinal losses lead to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, and metabolic acidosis, and, in some patients, acute kidney injury...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Emily Rowlinson, Erica Dueger, Adel Mansour, Nahed Azzazy, Hoda Mansour, Lisa Peters, Summer Rosenstock, Sarah Hamid, Mayar M Said, Mohamed Geneidy, Monier Abd Allah, Amr Kandeel
INTRODUCTION: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are responsible for nearly two million childhood deaths worldwide. A limited number of studies have been published on the epidemiology of viral respiratory pathogens in Egypt. METHODS: A total of 6113 hospitalized patients >1 month of age with suspected ARI were enrolled between June 23, 2009 and December 31, 2013. Naso-and oropharyngeal specimens were collected and tested for influenza A and B, respiratory syncytial virus, human metapneumovirus, adenovirus, and parainfluenza viruses 1-3...
July 26, 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Abdulbasit Musa, Nega Assefa, Fitsum Weldegebreal, Habtamu Mitiku, Zelalem Teklemariam
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, every year 289,000 women die related to pregnancy and its complications. Nearly, all of these deaths occur in developing countries and more than half of this deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Report suggested that using contraceptives can reduce this maternal mortality by 44 %. Even if, Ethiopia is one of the countries with highest maternal mortality, only 41 % of married women are using family planning. This analysis aimed at assessing factor associated with experience of contraceptive use before pregnancy among women who gave birth in Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Ethiopia...
2016: BMC Public Health
Barry J Maron, Ethan J Rowin, Susan A Casey, Martin S Maron
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a relatively common genetic heart disease encumbered throughout much of its almost 60-year history by a large measure of misunderstanding and the perception of a grim outcome without effective treatment options. However, it is now apparent that the majority of patients affected with HCM can achieve normal or near-normal life expectancy without disability, and usually do not require major treatment interventions. Nevertheless, for those patients with HCM who are at risk for (or experience) disease-related complications, a constellation of comprehensive nonpharmacologic management strategies have evolved over the last 15 years, altering the natural history and disease course for many, including implantable defibrillators, heart transplant, external defibrillation/therapeutic hypothermia, advances in surgical myectomy, and alcohol ablation...
April 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Sue Yazaki Sun, Donald P Goldstein, Marilyn R Bernstein, Neil S Horowitz, Rosiane Mattar, Izildinha Maestá, Antonio Braga, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTCs) and maternal near misses (MNMs) at the New England Trophoblastic Disease Center (NETDC) in recent years, when there has been earlier diagnosis of molar pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This study included patients with molar pregnancy at the NETDC between 1994 and 2013. Clinical and pathologic reports were reviewed. PLTC and MNM criteria and maternal deaths were searched in medical records using the World Health Organization criteria and classification...
May 2016: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Marian Krawczyk, Romayne Gallagher
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the concept of "communicating prognostic uncertainty" which emerged from a mixed methods survey asking family members to rank their satisfaction in seven domains of hospital end-of-life care. METHODS: Open-ended questions were embedded within a previously validated survey asking family members about satisfaction with end-of-life care. The purpose was to understand, in the participants' own words, the connection between their numerical rankings of satisfaction and the experience of care...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
Olive Kobusingye, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Joseph Magoola, Lynn Atuyambe, Olakunle Olange
The study aimed to determine the drowning burden in four Ugandan lakeside districts; the prevalence of life jacket use, and community knowledge and attitudes regarding water safety. Subjects were recruited as they disembarked from boats. A structured questionnaire was used for demographics, experience on water, details of incidents in water, and awareness of drowning prevention measures. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews were held. The study interviewed 544 participants; 81.1% male, 86...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
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