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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903447/integrating-a-clinical-librarian-to-increase-trainee-application-of-evidence-based-medicine-on-patient-family-centered-rounds
#1
Lisa E Herrmann, Jeffrey C Winer, Jeremy Kern, Susan Keller, Padmaja Pavuluri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873009/systematic-review-and-need-assessment-of-pediatric-trauma-outcome-benchmarking-tools-for-low-resource-settings
#2
REVIEW
Etienne St-Louis, Jade Séguin, Daniel Roizblatt, Dan Leon Deckelbaum, Robert Baird, Tarek Razek
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of mortality and disability in children worldwide. The World Health Organization reports that 95% of all childhood injury deaths occur in Low-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC). Injury scores have been developed to facilitate risk stratification, clinical decision making, and research. Trauma registries in LMIC depend on adapted trauma scores that do not rely on investigations that require unavailable material or human resources. We sought to review and assess the existing trauma scores used in pediatric patients...
November 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851680/how-do-i-find-the-evidence-find-your-librarian-stat
#3
Emily Eresuma, Erica Lake
Clinical nurses often struggle with a lack of time and proficiency when it comes to finding and reviewing research. Knowing where to start, and discerning which search terms will retrieve the best results, can be arduous. As expert searchers, medical librarians have the skills and knowledge to make significant contributions to the clinical team, helping nurses navigate information resources and research from start to finish. When there is not direct access to a librarian, the toolbox of resources outlined in the article can save nurses' time and effort when they require quality, evidence-based information...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849333/fibrates-for-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-events
#4
REVIEW
Tobias Jakob, Alain J Nordmann, Stefan Schandelmaier, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Matthias Briel
BACKGROUND: Fibrates are effective for modifying atherogenic dyslipidaemia, and particularly for lowering serum triglycerides. However, evidence that fibrates reduce mortality and morbidity associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), or overall mortality and morbidity, in the primary prevention of CVD is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This Cochrane Review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits and harms of fibrates versus placebo or usual care or fibrates plus other lipid-modifying drugs versus other lipid-modifying drugs alone for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality...
November 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842615/the-use-of-milrinone-in-patients-with-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review
#5
Marcelo Lannes, Frederick Zeiler, Céline Guichon, Jeanne Teitelbaum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of the evidence supporting the use of milrinone for the management of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). DESIGN: Primary outcomes were functional neurological status and the incidence of cerebral infarction. Search strategies adapted to the different databases were developed by a professional librarian. Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, SCOPUS, BIOSIS, Global Health, Health Star, Open SIGLE, Google Scholar and the New York Academy of Medicine Gray Literature were searched as well as clinical trials databases and the proceedings of several scientific meetings...
November 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822158/using-the-journal-bmj-case-reports-to-promote-the-publication-of-clinical-case-reports
#6
Blanca San José Montano
OBJECTIVE: The study updates and enhances clinicians' knowledge about clinical case reports (CCRs) and encourages publication of such articles. METHODS: The author developed and offered a session about BMJ Case Reports to medical and surgical departments in the University Hospital of Móstoles. The session reviewed the contents and add-on services of the journal, conventional and alternative indicators of journal quality, use of CCRs to share valuable clinical lessons, and manuscript preparation and submission...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793259/clinical-issues-november-2016
#7
Melissa Kovac
AORN guidelines in the National Guideline Clearinghouse Key words: National Guideline Clearinghouse, AORN guidelines. Role of medical librarians in developing AORN guidelines Key words: medical librarians, systematic reviews, Institute of Medicine, National Guideline Clearinghouse. Articles cited in AORN guidelines Key words: AORN guidelines, National Library of Medicine, PubMed, interlibrary loan.
November 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767404/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Waleed Brinjikji, Vivek N Iyer, Christopher P Wood, Giuseppe Lanzino
OBJECTIVE Patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) are known to suffer from high rates of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature examining prevalence rates, characteristics, and clinical presentation of cerebral AVMs in the HHT population. METHODS To identify studies on AVM prevalence and characteristics in the HHT population, 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science) were searched by a reference librarian with over 30 years experience in systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759671/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-executive-summary
#9
Ann Marie Flannery, Mandeep S Tamber, Catherine Mazzola, Paul Klimo, Lissa C Baird, Rachana Tyagi, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is a common problem seen by pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by the Plagiocephaly Guideline Task Force, a multidisciplinary team made up of physician volunteers (clinical experts), medical librarians, and clinical guidelines specialists...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732721/clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-aabb-red-blood-cell-transfusion-thresholds-and-storage
#10
Jeffrey L Carson, Gordon Guyatt, Nancy M Heddle, Brenda J Grossman, Claudia S Cohn, Mark K Fung, Terry Gernsheimer, John B Holcomb, Lewis J Kaplan, Louis M Katz, Nikki Peterson, Glenn Ramsey, Sunil V Rao, John D Roback, Aryeh Shander, Aaron A R Tobian
Importance: More than 100 million units of blood are collected worldwide each year, yet the indication for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and the optimal length of RBC storage prior to transfusion are uncertain. Objective: To provide recommendations for the target hemoglobin level for RBC transfusion among hospitalized adult patients who are hemodynamically stable and the length of time RBCs should be stored prior to transfusion. Evidence Review: Reference librarians conducted a literature search for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating hemoglobin thresholds for RBC transfusion (1950-May 2016) and RBC storage duration (1948-May 2016) without language restrictions...
November 15, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637249/financial-and-legal-decision-making-capacity-in-the-aphasic-population-a-narrative-review
#11
Frances Carr
INTRODUCTION: Capacity is assumed to be present unless proven otherwise. Assessments of specific decision-making capacity for financial and legal decisions, although challenging in the general population, becomes almost impossible for individuals with language disorders (i.e. aphasia) in the absence of appropriate communication aids. Several capacity aids exist for the general population; however, it is unclear whether any communication aids exist specifically for the aphasic population to assist assessment of financial and legal decision-making capacity...
September 16, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592807/guideline-summary-review-an-evidence-based-clinical-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adult-isthmic-spondylolisthesis
#12
D Scott Kreiner, Jamie Baisden, Daniel J Mazanec, Rakesh D Patel, Robert S Bess, Douglas Burton, Norman B Chutkan, Bernard A Cohen, Charles H Crawford, Gary Ghiselli, Amgad S Hanna, Steven W Hwang, Cumhur Kilincer, Mark E Myers, Paul Park, Karie A Rosolowski, Anil K Sharma, Christopher K Taleghani, Terry R Trammell, Andrew N Vo, Keith D Williams
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The North American Spine Society's (NASS) Evidence-Based Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Adult Isthmic Spondylolisthesis features evidence-based recommendations for diagnosing and treating adult patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis. The guideline is intended to reflect contemporary treatment concepts for symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis as reflected in the highest quality clinical literature available on this subject as of June 2013. NASS' guideline on this topic is the only guideline on adult isthmic spondylolisthesis accepted in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's National Guideline Clearinghouse...
September 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556086/use-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-pec-to-treat-sigmoid-volvulus-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Lucinda Frank, Alex Moran, Ceri Beaton
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy provides an alternative management option for patients with recurrent sigmoid volvulus who are considered too high risk to undergo surgery. We reviewed the literature to assess whether the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines published in 2006 supporting the use of percutaneous endoscopic colostomy are still valid. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541547/a-clinical-librarian-nursing-partnership-to-bridge-clinical-practice-and-research-in-an-oncology-setting
#14
Pamela K Ginex, Marisol Hernandez, Mark Vrabel
Nurses in clinical settings in which evidence-based, individualized care is expected are often the best resource to identify important clinical questions and gaps in practice. These nurses are frequently challenged by a lack of resources to fully develop their questions and identify the most appropriate methods to answer them. A strategic and ongoing partnership between medical library services and nursing can support nurses as they embark on the process of answering these questions and, ultimately, improving patient care and clinical outcomes...
September 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532316/the-effectiveness-of-ayurvedic-oil-based-nasal-instillation-nasya-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-facial-paralysis-ardita-a-systematic-review
#15
Manuel Joseph Vivera, Judith Streak Gomersall
BACKGROUND: Ardita (facial paralysis) is a medical condition that disfigures or distorts the facial appearance of the sufferer causing facial asymmetry and malfunction. Ardita patients may benefit from considering alternative treatments such as Ayurveda, including Taila Nasya (nasal instillation of medicated oil). OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of different Nasya oils in the treatment of Ardita. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Studies conducted on adult sufferers (18-70 years) of Ardita (chronic or acute) in any setting were considered...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503692/international-collaborations-in-learning-and-teaching-perspectives-from-a-visiting-professorship
#16
Hannah Spring, Marita Kunkel, Isaac Gilman, Nancy Henderson, John White
This article provides a reflection on the outcomes of an international collaboration between health librarians and academics at York St John University and Pacific University Oregon. In particular, it describes how a month-long visiting professorship from an academic with a clinical librarian background at the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences helped to develop and inform teaching practice in the areas of information literacy and evidence-based health practice on health programmes at Pacific University. Perspectives are offered from both institutions on the rich exchange of knowledge and practice that took place during the visit and the ongoing impact it has had on teaching practices...
September 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465807/impact-of-cytomegalovirus-reactivation-on-clinical-outcomes-in-immunocompetent-critically-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Philippe Lachance, Justin Chen, Robin Featherstone, Wendy Sligl
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in critically ill patients is a well-recognized phenomenon with an incidence as high as 71 %. A number of studies have investigated the association between CMV reactivation and outcomes in critically ill patients with conflicting results. We propose to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the impact of CMV reactivation on patient-centered outcomes and measures of health resource utilization in immunocompetent critically ill patients...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367583/neoadjuvant-endocrine-therapy-for-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Laura M Spring, Arjun Gupta, Kerry L Reynolds, Michele A Gadd, Leif W Ellisen, Steven J Isakoff, Beverly Moy, Aditya Bardia
Importance: Estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) tumors of the breast are generally highly responsive to endocrine treatment. Although endocrine therapy is the mainstay of adjuvant treatment for ER+ breast cancer, the role of endocrine therapy in the neoadjuvant setting is unclear. Objective: To evaluate the effect of neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) on the response rate and the rate of breast conservation surgery (BCS) for ER+ breast cancer. Data Sources: Based on PRISMA guidelines, a librarian-led search of PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE was performed to identify eligible trials published from inception to May 15, 2015...
November 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366120/instructional-methods-used-by-health-sciences-librarians-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-ebp-a-systematic-review
#19
Stephanie M Swanberg, Carolyn Ching Dennison, Alison Farrell, Viola Machel, Christine Marton, Kelly K O'Brien, Virginia Pannabecker, Mindy Thuna, Assako Nitta Holyoke
BACKGROUND: Librarians often teach evidence-based practice (EBP) within health sciences curricula. It is not known what teaching methods are most effective. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted searching CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC, LISTA, PubMed, Scopus, and others. Searches were completed through December 2014. No limits were applied. Hand searching of Medical Library Association annual meeting abstracts from 2009-2014 was also completed. Studies must be about EBP instruction by a librarian within undergraduate or graduate health sciences curricula and include skills assessment...
July 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150187/impact-of-e-alert-for-detection-of-acute-kidney-injury-on-processes-of-care-and-outcomes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Philippe Lachance, Pierre-Marc Villeneuve, Francis P Wilson, Nicholas M Selby, Robin Featherstone, Oleksa Rewa, Sean M Bagshaw
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in hospitalised patients. It imposes significant risk for major morbidity and mortality. Moreover, patients suffering an episode of AKI consume considerable health resources. Recently, a number of studies have evaluated the implementation of automated electronic alerts (e-alerts) configured from electronic medical records (EMR) and clinical information systems (CIS) to warn healthcare providers of early or impending AKI in hospitalised patients...
May 5, 2016: BMJ Open
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