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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457499/factors-related-to-alcohol-consumption-among-japanese-physicians
#1
Noriyasu Ohida, Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Osamu Itani, Takashi Ohida
This study aimed to investigate the drinking habits of Japanese physicians, and clarify their causal factors. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 6000 male and 1500 female physicians, selected from among members of the Japan Medical Association. We analyzed the correlation of drinking habits with age, medical department, smoking and exercise status, work environment, sleep problems, and mental health. The response rate was 79.4%. Physicians with a heavy drinking habit were most frequently men in their 60s and women in their 20s to 50s...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453235/a-workforce-survey-on-developmental-behavioral-pediatrics
#2
Carolyn Bridgemohan, Nerissa S Bauer, Britt A Nielsen, Anne DeBattista, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Linda B Paul, Nancy Roizen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental-behavioral conditions are common, affecting ∼15% of US children. The prevalence and complexity of these conditions are increasing despite long wait times and a limited pipeline of new providers. We surveyed a convenience sample of the developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) workforce to determine current practices, workforce trends, and future needs. METHODS: An electronic survey was e-mailed to 1568 members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Council on Children with Disabilities, the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, and the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Developmental and Behavioral Mental Health Special Interest Group...
February 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452371/a-bidirectional-association-between-cognitive-ability-in-young-adulthood-and-epilepsy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Merete Osler, Erik L Mortensen, Kaare Christensen, Gunhild T Christensen
Aim: To investigate the bidirectional association between cognitive ability in young adulthood and epilepsy. Methods: This cohort study included 1 159 076 men enrolled in the mandatory conscription board examination from the Danish Conscription Database (DCD; 658 465 men examined 1957-84), the Danish Defence Personnel Organization Database (DPOD; 216 509 men examined 1987-2005) and the Danish Conscription Registry (DCR; 284 102 men examined 2006-15). A supplementary analysis included 14 814 female volunteers...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452028/meningococcal-disease-and-vaccination-knowledge-and-acceptability-among-adolescents-in-italy
#4
Concetta Paola Pelullo, Francesco Napolitano, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practice about invasive meningococcal disease and the relative vaccine for adolescent in Italy. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May 2017 among a sample of 771 adolescents in the geographic area of Naples (Italy). A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was used to collect demographics, knowledge about meningitis and preventive measures, perceived risk for contracting meningitis, attitude towards the utility of meningococcal vaccine, and adolescents' willingness to receive a meningococcal vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451069/arthritis-and-use-of-hydroxychloroquine-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-macrophage-activation-syndrome-among-adult-patients-hospitalized-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
E M Cohen, K D'Silva, D Kreps, M B Son, K H Costenbader
Background Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is an uncommon but serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to identify factors associated with MAS among adult hospitalized SLE patients. Methods Within the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) Lupus Center Registry, we identified adult SLE patients > age 17 who had been hospitalized from 1970 to 2016, with either ferritin > 5000 ng/ml during admission or "macrophage activation syndrome" or "MAS" in discharge summary...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450864/real-world-evaluation-of-direct-and-indirect-economic-burden-among-endometriosis-patients-in-the-united-states
#6
Ahmed M Soliman, Eric Surrey, Machaon Bonafede, James K Nelson, Jane Castelli-Haley
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of endometriosis and the need for treatment in the USA has led to the need to explore the contemporary cost burden associated with the disease. This retrospective cohort study compared direct and indirect healthcare costs in patients with endometriosis to a control group without endometriosis. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years with endometriosis (date of initial diagnosis = index date) were identified in the Truven Health MarketScan ® Commercial database between 2010 and 2014 and female control patients without endometriosis were matched by age and index year...
February 15, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450402/modeling-the-consumer-s-perception-of-experiential-marketing-in-the-romanian-private-ophthalmologic-services
#7
Consuela-Mădălina Gheorghe, Iuliana-Raluca Gheorghe, Victor Lorin Purcărea
Introduction. The importance of experience in marketing grew, as the concept itself is very personal and difficult to measure. Experience turns out to be complicated but once placed in a context it gets significant features. As the health care competitive environment increases, marketers are looking for new and effective methods of engaging consumers by using experiential marketing strategies. Moreover, little is known about the consumers' perceptions related to ophthalmologic services. Aim. The objective of this paper was to measure the consumer's perception of experiential marketing in the Romanian private ophthalmologic services by using structural equation modeling...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450205/revision-surgery-after-cartilage-repair-data-from-the-german-cartilage-registry-knorpelregister-dgou
#8
Jan M Pestka, Nam H Luu, Norbert P Südkamp, Peter Angele, Gunther Spahn, Wolfgang Zinser, Philipp Niemeyer
Background: Various operative strategies have been introduced to restore the integrity of articular cartilage when injured. The frequency of revision surgery after cartilage regenerative surgery remains incompletely understood. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to identify the reasons for revision surgery after cartilage regenerative surgery of the knee. We hypothesized that in a large patient cohort, revision rates would differ from those in the current literature...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449263/patterns-of-methadone-maintenance-treatment-provision-in-ontario-policy-success-or-pendulum-excess
#9
Paul Kurdyak, Binu Jacob, Juveria Zaheer, Benedikt Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To describe recent trends and patterns in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) practice regionally and over time in the province of Ontario. DESIGN: Population-based descriptive study using health administrative data between September 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014. SETTING: Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All active MMT-prescribing physicians and patients receiving MMT in the study period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Characteristics of MMT-prescribing physicians, including age, sex, specialty type, practice region, and practice volume; characteristics of patients receiving MMT, including age, sex, neighbourhood income, and region of residence...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449197/letter-from-a-young-female-physician-candidate
#10
Esra Bilir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449049/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-national-study-of-antimicrobial-treatment-for-pediatric-urinary-tract-infection
#11
M Lagree, S Bontemps, R Dessein, F Angoulvant, F Madhi, A Martinot, R Cohen, F Dubos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical practices for ESBL-producing urinary tract infection (UTI) in France. METHODS: We performed an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional, hospital-based study in 22 pediatric departments of university or secondary care hospitals. We collected data of the last five patients presenting with ESBL-producing UTI in 2012 and the physicians' therapeutic approach to two case vignettes of acute non-septic ESBL-producing pyelonephritis (7-month-old girl) and cystitis (30-month-old girl)...
February 12, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448952/a-survey-of-workplace-violence-against-physicians-in-the-hospitals-myanmar
#12
Yuichi Kasai, Tetsutaro Mizuno, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Si Thu, Thein Aung Kyaw, Kyaw Aung Htun
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence in hospitals is recently becoming a major global concern in many countries. However, in Myanmar, we have felt that patients and their families have rarely made unreasonable complaints in hospitals, and then, the purpose of this study is to report the current state of workplace violence in hospitals in Myanmar. Participants are 196 physicians (108 males and 88 females) in hospitals in Myanmar. RESULTS: A descriptive survey was conducted in regard to verbal abuse and physical violence from patients or the people concerned...
February 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445974/impact-of-acquisition-and-interpretation-on-total-inter-observer-variability-in-echocardiography-results-from-the-quality-assurance-program-of-the-staab-cohort-study
#13
Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Margret Breunig, Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Peter U Heuschmann, Stefan Störk
Variability related to image acquisition and interpretation is an important issue of echocardiography in clinical trials. Nevertheless, there is no broadly accepted standard method for quality assessment of echocardiography in clinical research reports. We present analyses based on the echocardiography quality-assurance program of the ongoing STAAB cohort study (characteristics and course of heart failure stages A-B and determinants of progression). In 43 healthy individuals (mean age 50 ± 14 years; 18 females), duplicate echocardiography scans were acquired and mutually interpreted by one of three trained sonographers and an EACVI certified physician, respectively...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445304/prevalence-of-medication-errors-in-primary-health-care-at-bahrain-defence-force-hospital-prescription-based-study
#14
Fatema Aljasmi, Fatema Almalood, Ahmed Al Ansari
Background: One of the important activities that physicians - particularly general practitioners - perform is prescribing. It occurs in most health care facilities and especially in primary health care (PHC) settings. Objectives: This study aims to determine what types of prescribing errors are made in PHC at Bahrain Defence Force (BDF) Hospital, and how common they are. Methods: This was a retrospective study of data from PHC at BDF Hospital...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439699/exposure-to-cooking-oil-fumes-and-chronic-bronchitis-in-nonsmoking-women-aged-40%C3%A2-years-and-over-a-health-care-based-study
#15
Huang-Chi Chen, Chia-Fang Wu, Inn-Wen Chong, Ming-Tsang Wu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of exposure to cooking oil fumes (COFs) on the development of non-malignant respiratory diseases in nonsmoking women. This study investigated the relationship between exposure to COFs and chronic bronchitis in female Taiwanese non-smokers. METHODS: Searching the 1999 claims and registration records maintained by Taiwan's National Health Insurance Program, we identified 1846 women aged 40 years or older diagnosed as having chronic bronchitis (ICD-9 code: 491) at least twice in 1999 as potential study cases and 4624 women who had no diagnosis of chronic bronchitis the same year as potential study controls...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438648/managing-menopausal-symptoms-after-cancer-an-evidence-based-approach-for-primary-care
#16
Jennifer L Marino, Helen C McNamara, Martha Hickey
Impaired ovarian function and menopausal symptoms are common after cancer treatment. Menopausal symptoms often occur at an earlier age in women with cancer, and may be more severe than in natural menopause; they may be the most persistent and troubling sequelae of cancer. A third of female patients with cancer report dissatisfaction with the quality and length of physician-patient discussions about reproductive health, including menopause. Systemic menopausal hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, but it is not suitable for all patients after cancer - where it is unsuitable, alternative effective non-hormonal treatments are available...
February 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436766/burnout-among-female-emergency-medicine-physicians-a-nationwide-study
#17
Atefeh Soltanifar, Elham Pishbin, Negin Attaran Mashhadi, Mona Najaf Najafi, Maryam Siahtir
OBJECTIVE: The challenging and stressful nature of emergency medicine place the practitioners of this young branch of medicine at risk of burnout. In Iran, the number of women choosing the specialty of emergency medicine has been increasing in recent years. No studies have focused on burnout among female emergency medicine physicians. We conducted this study to evaluate the level of burnout in female emergency medicine physicians in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all Iranian female emergency medicine physicians with more than 2 years of work experience as specialists, received a questionnaire containing 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory scales and 7-item Cassidy social support scale, as well as questions about workload and career satisfaction...
February 13, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436567/asthma-prevalence-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Mohammed O Al Ghobain, Saleh S Algazlan, Talal M Oreibi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate asthma prevalence and to measure asthma symptoms among Saudi adults in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS)questionnaire carried out between April and June 2016, among male and female Saudi nationals aged 20-44 years living in Riyadh. Disproportionate cluster sampling method was used. Asthma was defined based on answering "yes" to any of the following: Have you had wheezing when you did not have a cold in the last 12 months? Have you been told by a physician to have asthma? Are you taking medicine for asthma? RESULTS: A total of 2,405 participants completed the survey...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436565/level-of-diabetes-knowledge-among-adult-patients-with-diabetes-using-diabetes-knowledge-test
#19
Asim M Zowgar, Muhammad I Siddiqui, Khalid M Alattas
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of diabetes knowledge and to identify the main knowledge gaps among patients with diabetes (both types 1 and 2) as there is a high prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and included governmental primary healthcare centers and hospitals from November 2016 until February 2017. A self-administrated Diabetes Knowledge Test 2 (DKT2) was used to determine the level of diabetes knowledge...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435807/treatment-outcome-of-creatine-transporter-deficiency-international-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Theodora U J Bruun, Sarah Sidky, Anabela O Bandeira, Francoise-Guillaume Debray, Can Ficicioglu, Jennifer Goldstein, Kairit Joost, Dwight D Koeberl, Diogo Luísa, Marie-Cecile Nassogne, Siobhan O'Sullivan, Katrin Õunap, Andreas Schulze, Lionel van Maldergem, Gajja S Salomons, Saadet Mercimek-Andrews
To evaluate the outcome of current treatment for creatine transporter (CRTR) deficiency, we developed a clinical severity score and initiated an international treatment registry. An online questionnaire was completed by physicians following patients with CRTR deficiency on a treatment, including creatine and/or arginine, and/or glycine. Clinical severity score included 1) global developmental delay/intellectual disability; 2) seizures; 3) behavioural disorder. Phenotype scored 1-3 = mild; 4-6 = moderate; and 7-9 = severe...
February 12, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
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