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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742851/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-control-among-women-of-childbearing-age-in-hossana-town-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yitagesu Habtu Aweke, Samuel Yohannes Ayanto, Tariku Laelago Ersado
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer which Ethiopia put a strategic goal to reduce its incidence and mortality by 2020. Lack of knowledge and poor attitude towards the disease and risk factors can affect screening practice and development of preventive behavior for cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, practices and factors for each domain for cervical cancer among women of child bearing age in Hossana town, Southern, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741410/how-can-precision-medicine-be-applied-to-temporomandibular-disorders-and-its-comorbidities
#2
Joan B Wilentz, Allen W Cowley
The Eighth Scientific Meeting of The TMJ Association, Ltd. was held in Bethesda, Maryland, September 11-13, 2016. As in the past, the meeting was cosponsored by components of the National Institutes of Health with speakers invited to review the state of temporomandibular disorder science and propose recommendations to further progress. The theme of precision medicine, which aims to tailor disease treatment and prevention to match the characteristics of an individual patient (genetic, epigenetic, environmental, lifestyle) underscored the current consensus that temporomandibular disorders are no longer viewed as local conditions of jaw pain and dysfunction...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739684/impact-of-parental-cancer-on-children
#3
REVIEW
Binay K Shah, Jeffery Armaly, Erin Swieter
BACKGROUND/AIM: The majority of cancers affect the elderly, but 22.4% of all cases occur in the ages of 21-55. This age range represents common childbearing and child-rearing years, which imply that many of these patients have minor children. Approximately 2.85 million children under 18 live with a parent affected by cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed and Google Scholar were searched to identify literature on impact of parental cancer on children and potential interventions to support parents and children...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739423/sociodemographic-and-economic-characteristics-of-susceptibility-to-rubella-among-women-preparing-for-pregnancy-in-rural-china
#4
Fangchao Liu, Shikun Zhang, Jue Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Min Liu
OBJECTIVE: Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy can result in congenital defects and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of rubella infection is greatly determined by level of rubella antibodies in serum. We conducted a survey on seronegativity rates of rubella antibodies in 0.78 million women who were planning to have a baby in rural China in order to evaluate the herd susceptibility in different age groups and Per Capita GDP regions. METHODS: In order to evaluate the herd susceptibility to rubella, we launched a nationwide population-based study of Chinese rural women who were planning to have a baby aged 21-49 years...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738869/maternal-depression-in-syrian-refugee-women-recently-moved-to-canada-a-preliminary-study
#5
Asma Ahmed, Angela Bowen, Cindy Xin Feng
BACKGROUND: Refugee women are almost five times more likely to develop postpartum depression than Canadian-born women. This can be attributed to various difficulties they faced before coming to Canada as well as during resettlement. Moreover, refugee women usually face many obstacles when accessing health services, including language and cultural barriers, as well as unique help-seeking behaviors that are influenced by various cultural and practical factors. There has been a recent, rapid influx of Syrian refugees to Canada, and many of them are childbearing women...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738791/anthropometric-indices-for-non-pregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-differ-widely-among-four-low-middle-income-populations
#6
K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander, Carl L Bose, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Melissa Bauserman
BACKGROUND: Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four rural communities in low- to low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Anthropometry and maternal characteristics/household wealth questionnaires were obtained for NPW enrolled in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737270/hospital-ownership-status-and-cesareans-in-the-united-states-the-effect-of-for-profit-hospitals
#7
Theresa Morris, Kelly McNamara, Christine H Morton
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing proportion of United States hospitals that are for-profit, we examined whether women who give birth in for-profit hospitals are more likely to have cesareans than women who give birth in not-for-profit hospitals. We hypothesized that cesareans are more likely to occur in for-profit hospitals because of the organizational emphasis on short-term financial indicators, including payment of shareholder dividends. METHODS: We used logistic regression and difference of means tests to analyze data from the Listening to Mothers III survey of women who gave birth in the United States in 2011 and 2012...
July 24, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735326/high-seroprevalence-of-cmv-among-women-of-childbearing-age-implicates-high-burden-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-poland
#8
Joanna Siennicka, Milena Dunal-Szcepaniak, Agnieszka Trzcińska, Paulina Godzik, Magdalena Rosińska
Cytomegaloviruses are common worldwide, with variable frequency of infections. The infection in pregnancy may lead to pregnancy loss or serious sequelae for the child. To understand the risk posed by CMV in Poland we conducted cross-sectional study on women aged 15-49 basing on existing serum bank. Age dependent incidence, the rates of congenital infection and sequelae were modelled from sero-prevalence, literature and demographic data. The overall anti-CMV IgG prevalence was 81.9% increasing from 74.3% in <30 years old to 94...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732252/update-on-medical-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#9
REVIEW
Fátima Faustino, Margarida Martinho, José Reis, Fernanda Águas
OBJECTIVES: In this review paper, the pros and cons of the available pharmacological options for the treatment of uterine fibroids are explored, including oral progestogens, levonorgestrel intra-uterine device, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs and progesterone receptor modulators with an emphasis on ulipristal acetate. STUDY DESIGN: The choice of the appropriate therapeutic approach for uterine fibroids depends on several factors, including women's age, parity, childbearing aspirations and wish to preserve fertility, extent and severity of symptoms, size, number and location of myomas, risk of malignancy and proximity to menopause...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732243/modeling-trait-depression-amplifies-the-effect-of-childbearing-on-postpartum-depression
#10
Kristen G Merkitch, Katherine G Jonas, Michael W O'Hara
BACKGROUND: The literature on the relative risk for depression in the postpartum period has largely focused on state (or episodic) depression, and has not addressed trait depression (a woman's general tendency to experience depressed mood). The present study evaluates the association between childbirth and depression in the postpartum period, taking into account the role of stable differences in women's vulnerability for depression across a 10-year span. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (N = 4385) were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#11
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730256/advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy-the-imperative-of-physical-breast-examination-in-pregnancy
#12
Anca Angela Simionescu, Claudia Valentina Georgescu, Mirela Corina Ghiluşi, Sabrina Ioana Stoica, Mircea Dragoş Median
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer diagnosed among women; its association with pregnancy is not encountered. As childbearing age is increasing, the diagnosis of breast cancer associated pregnancy tends to be more often than years ago. Here we report a case of a 37-year-old patient, gravida 7, para 7, diagnosed at 30 weeks gestation with metastatic breast cancer. The patient presented to hospital due to an altered performance status. Obstetrical evaluation was within normal range. A metastatic infiltrating breast cancer poorly differentiated (G3) with satellite skin lesions (T4b), ipsilateral axillary and supraclavicular lymph nodes (N3), lung metastasis bilateral with pleural effusion and hepatic metastasis (M1), were diagnosed...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727522/impact-of-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-on-maternal-obesity-at-age-40-years-an-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample
#13
Barbara Abrams, Jeremy Coyle, Alison K Cohen, Irene Headen, Alan Hubbard, Lorrene Ritchie, David H Rehkopf
OBJECTIVES: To model the hypothetical impact of preventing excessive gestational weight gain on midlife obesity and compare the estimated reduction with the US Healthy People 2020 goal of a 10% reduction of obesity prevalence in adults. METHODS: We analyzed 3917 women with 1 to 3 pregnancies in the prospective US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, from 1979 to 2012. We compared the estimated obesity prevalence between 2 scenarios: gestational weight gain as reported and under the scenario of a hypothetical intervention that all women with excessive gestational weight gain instead gained as recommended by the Institute of Medicine (2009)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726062/valproic-acid-in-women-and-girls-of-childbearing-age
#14
REVIEW
Dorothy Gotlib, Rachel Ramaswamy, Jacob E Kurlander, Alana DeRiggi, Michelle Riba
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to evaluate recent literature on valproic acid (VPA) in women and girls of childbearing age and to emphasize new findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research confirms VPAs teratogenicity and risk of hormone disruption. VPA exposure in utero increases the risk for a variety of major congenital malformations (MCMs), reduced IQ and behavioral problems. In girls and women, VPA increases the risk of hormone abnormalities, obesity, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725099/changes-in-employment-uncertainty-and-the-fertility-intention-realization-link-an-analysis-based-on-the-swiss-household-panel
#15
Doris Hanappi, Valérie-Anne Ryser, Laura Bernardi, Jean-Marie Le Goff
How do changes in employment uncertainty matter for fertility? Empirical studies on the impact of employment uncertainty on reproductive decision-making offer a variety of conclusions, ranging from gender and socio-economic differences in the effect of employment uncertainty on fertility intentions and behaviour, to the effect of employment on changes in fertility intentions. This article analyses the association between a change in subjective employment uncertainty and fertility intentions and behaviour by distinguishing male and female partners' employment uncertainty, and examines the variation in these associations by education...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725098/choosing-to-remain-childless-a-comparative-study-of-fertility-intentions-among-women-and-men-in-italy-and-britain
#16
Francesca Fiori, Francesca Rinesi, Elspeth Graham
Pathways to childlessness may differ not only between individuals but also at the population level. This paper investigates differences in childlessness by comparing two countries-Britain and Italy-where levels of childlessness are high in comparison with many other European countries, but which have distinct fertility trajectories and family regimes. Using data from two large, representative national samples of women and men of reproductive age in a co-residential partnership, it presents a rich analysis of the characteristics associated with intended childlessness, net of the aspects associated with being childless at interview...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723303/folate-serum-levels-in-italian-women-entering-an-in-vitro-fertilization-program
#17
Adalisa Ponzano, Gian Mario Tiboni
Italian public health authorities recommend women of childbearing age to assume a daily dose of 0.4 mg of folic acid (FA) from at least one month before conception in order to reduce the risk of having children affected by neural tube defects (NTDs). In this study, folate, homocysteine and vitamin B12 serum levels were determined in 77 women entering an in vitro fertilization program. About 75% of patients had serum folate values compatible with the intake of the recommended dose of FA for at least three months, whereas only the 61% of them reached or exceeded the serum folate concentration regarded as the optimal concentration during the periconceptional period...
July 19, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722558/situating-mobile-health-a-qualitative-study-of-mhealth-expectations-in-the-rural-health-district-of-nouna-burkina-faso
#18
Vincent Duclos, Maurice Yé, Kagoné Moubassira, Hamidou Sanou, N Hélène Sawadogo, Gilles Bibeau, Ali Sié
BACKGROUND: The implementation of mobile health (mHealth) projects in low- and middle-income countries raises high and well-documented expectations among development agencies, policymakers and researchers. By contrast, the expectations of direct and indirect mHealth users are not often examined. In preparation for a proposed intervention in the Nouna Health District, in rural Burkina Faso, this study investigates the expected benefits, challenges and limitations associated with mHealth, approaching these expectations as a form of situated knowledge, inseparable from local conditions, practices and experiences...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720492/prevention-of-congenital-chagas-disease-by-benznidazole-treatment-in-reproductive-age-women-an-observational-study
#19
María G Álvarez, Carlos Vigliano, Bruno Lococo, Graciela Bertocchi, Rodolfo Viotti
Since the decline in new cases of infection by insect/vector, congenital Chagas disease has become more relevant in the transmission of Chagas disease. Treatment with benznidazole significantly reduces the parasitemia, which constitutes an important factor linked to vertical transmission. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether treatment with benznidazole previously administered to women of childbearing age can prevent or reduce the incidence of new cases of congenital Chagas disease. An historical cohort study that included all women in reproductive age (15-45 years) assisted in our center was designed...
July 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718898/exposure-to-biologic-therapies-during-conception-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#20
E M Pottinger, R T Woolf, L S Exton, A D Burden, C Nelson-Piercy, C H Smith
Biologic therapies are effective treatments for psoriasis and are often used in women of childbearing age. To evaluate the safety of biologic therapy in conception and/or pregnancy, we have performed a systematic review of Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases for multivariable adjusted studies of women exposed to biologic therapy relevant to the treatment of psoriasis during conception and/or pregnancy. We identified four population-based cohort studies involving 1300 women exposed to TNF-α inhibitors (TNFi) 3 months prior to or during the first 3 months of pregnancy...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
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