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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145319/primary-myelofibrosis-and-pregnancy-outcomes-after-low-molecular-weight-heparin-administration-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Roxana Elena Bohîlţea, Monica Mihaela Cîrstoiu, Crîngu Antoniu Ionescu, Emilia Niculescu-Mizil, Ana Maria Vlădăreanu, Irina Voican, Mihai Dimitriu, Natalia Turcan
RATIONALE: Primary myelofibrosis is encountered with the myeloproliferative diseases and is the least prevalent among women of childbearing age. The prognosis is guided by pancytopenia, leukemic transformation and thrombosis which are the dominant complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: Data regarding protocol management during pregnancy in the context of myelofibrosis are insufficient. Fewer than ten cases have been described until now and half of this cases have resulted in fetal death due to placental infarction during the second and third trimesters...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143630/examining-the-mechanisms-by-which-women-s-status-and-empowerment-affect-skilled-birth-attendant-use-in-senegal-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#2
Kyoko Shimamoto, Jessica D Gipson
BACKGROUND: Despite the reduction in maternal deaths globally, maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high, particularly in some regions of the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, maternal mortality rates have even increased recently, with 201,000 deaths in 2015 as compared to 179,000 in 2013. Use of a skilled birth attendant (SBA) at delivery has remained low, despite evidence of the effectiveness of SBAs in reducing maternal deaths. Women's empowerment is increasingly recognized as a key determinant of maternal health care-seeking and outcomes, yet empirical examinations of the linkages between women's empowerment and delivery care use are particularly limited, especially from sub-Saharan Africa...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141364/-effects-of-combination-therapy-with-aspirin-prednisone-and-elevit-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-early-pregnancy-loss
#3
H Ou, Q Yu
Objective: To investigate the effect of triple therapy with aspirin, prednisone and Elevit in patients with unexplained recurrent early pregnancy loss. Methods: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016, a total of 353 women of childbearing age were enrolled in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, including blood, urine and vaginal swabs. One hundred and fifty-five patients were observed normal results of blood test, urine test and vaginal swabs. According to the treatment regimen, 155 patients were divided into two groups, 89 patients (57...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141330/-prenatal-supplementations-of-iron-iron-containing-multimicronutrients-and-antianemic-chinese-patent-medicines-in-women-in-shaanxi-province-2010-2013
#4
D M Liu, J M Li, P F Qu, S N Dang, X Y Wu, R Zhang, H Yan, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods: A sample of 28 367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139276/preventing-stroke-and-assessing-risk-in-women
#5
Tracey Keteepe-Arachi, Sanjay Sharma
Ischaemic stroke is rare in premenopausal women but risk increases with advancing age and doubles in the ten years following the menopause. Up to the age of 75 years men have a 25% higher risk of suffering a stroke compared with women. However, the increased life expectancy of women ultimately results in a higher overall incidence. Twice as many women die from stroke compare with breast cancer. Women with cerebrovascular disease are more likely to present with atypical symptoms than men. Altered mental status (including unresponsiveness, confusion and behavioural change) is the most common nonconventional symptom, and is reported by 23% of women compared with 15% of men...
March 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134068/living-with-own-or-husband-s-mother-in-the-household-is-associated-with-lower-number-of-children-a-cross-cultural-analysis
#6
Susanne Huber, Patricia Zahourek, Martin Fieder
It has been discussed in the literature that the presence of kin, particularly the presence of a women's own mother or her mother in law, may have fertility effects. We aimed to examine the effects of the presence of a woman's own or her husband's mother in the household on a woman's fertility in terms of number of children on a broad basis by analysing census data of over two million married women aged between 15 and 34 years from 14 countries worldwide. We find that with the exception of Iraq, across all countries, the majority of women live only with their spouse in the household...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132070/sixteen-year-history-of-rituximab-therapy-for-1085-pemphigus-vulgaris-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Soheil Tavakolpour, HamidReza Mahmoudi, Kamran Balighi, Robabeh Abedini, Maryam Daneshpazhooh
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare autoimmune disease due to the production of pathogenic autoantibodies directed against desmoglein 1 and 3, usually affecting both skin and mucous membranes. Recently, rituximab, a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody which targets the CD20 molecules have been regarded as a promising treatment for PV. In this study, a systematic review was conducted to conclude on how and which PV patients could benefit from rituximab infusion. Search in PubMed results in 114 relevant studies, which met the criteria...
November 10, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130759/preeclampsia-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-sle-nephritis-prophylactic-treatment-with-multidisciplinary-approach-are-important-keys-to-prevent-adverse-obstetrics-outcomes
#8
Federico Mecacci, Serena Simeone, Calogero Lino Cirami, Mauro Cozzolino, Caterina Serena, Marianna Pina Rambaldi, Pamela Gallo, Lorenzo Emmi, Daniele Cammelli, Giorgio Mello, Marco Matucci Cerinic
INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) commonly affects women of childbearing age. Hypertension, antiphospholipid syndrome and lupus nephritis are risk factors for adverse maternal/fetal outcome. The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to compare pregnancy outcomes in patients with and without SLE nephritis, using a multidisciplinary approach and a broad prophylaxis protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from 86 pregnancies complicated by SLE...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130403/urinary-iodine-perchlorate-and-thiocyanate-concentrations-in-u-s-lactating-women
#9
Sun Y Lee, Alicia M McCarthy, Hindi E Stohl, Sherrine A Ibrahim, Christina Jeong, Lewis E Braverman, Wendy Siqian Ma, Xuemei He, Jorge H Mestman, Kristin E Schuller, Katherine A Jahreis, Elizabeth N Pearce, Angela M Leung
BACKGROUND: Iodine is an essential micronutrient for thyroid hormone production. Adequate iodine intake and normal thyroid function are important during early development, and breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine excreted in breast milk for their iodine nutrition. The proportion of U.S. women of childbearing age with urinary iodine concentration (UIC) <50µg/L has been increasing, and a subset of lactating women may have inadequate iodine intake. UIC may also be influenced by environmental exposure to perchlorate and thiocyanate, competitive inhibitors of iodine transport into thyroid and lactating mammary glands...
November 12, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125506/should-the-dose-of-folic-acid-be-adjusted-for-mexican-population-the-pilot-prevention-program-implemented-in-nuevo-leon-mexico
#10
Laura E Martinez de Villarreal
In 1980 Smithells et al. reported that the intake of folic acid (FA) prevents the recurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs) [1]. After this and several other studies were conducted, the intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid per day, at least three months before and three months during pregnancy for prevention of NTD, was proposed [2,3,4]. Other strategies were also developed to increase folate blood levels in woman of childbearing age such as promoting the consumption of folate rich foods and food fortification (flour and most recently rice) [5]...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125115/roles-of-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary-axis-in-the-abnormal-endocrine-functions-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
Fan Wang, Zheng-Hong Zhang, Kai-Zhuan Xiao, Zheng-Chao Wang
Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrine disease in women of childbearing age. While it can be affected by a variety of factors,its pathophysiology remains unclear. Its clinical features mainly include anovulation,hyperandrogenism,and hyperinsulinemia,which are closely related with abnormal neuroendocrine system. Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis(HPG) plays a crucial regulatory role in various life activities in mammals. In particular,hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary(HPO) axis can be abnormal in PCOS patients...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121511/medical-egg-freezing-and-cancer-patients-hopes-fertility-preservation-at-the-intersection-of-life-and-death
#12
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Pasquale Patrizio
Egg freezing (i.e., oocyte cryopreservation) is a new reproductive technology that allows women's eggs to be frozen and stored for future use. Over the past five years, so-called "medical egg freezing" (MEF) has begun to play a major role as a form of fertility preservation for young women with cancer and other fertility-threatening medical conditions. Indeed, women who are candidates for MEF are often facing the "double jeopardy" of fertility loss and potential death. In this article, we examine the experiences of the first generation of women to use MEF in the United States and Israel, two countries where experimental use of MEF began early, and where MEF is now offered clinically in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120703/maternal-obesity-gestational-weight-gain-and-asthma-in-offspring
#13
Kristen J Polinski, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian, Alexander C McLain
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is common among women of childbearing age; intrauterine exposure to maternal obesity or gestational weight gain may influence the development of asthma in early childhood. We examined the relationships of maternal obesity and gestational weight gain with asthma in offspring. METHODS: We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, which has a nationally representative sample of children followed from birth in 2001 through age 4 (n = 6,450)...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117355/current-gaps-in-ovarian-cancer-epidemiology-the-need-for-new-population-based-research
#14
Jennifer A Doherty, Allan Jensen, Linda E Kelemen, Celeste L Pearce, Elizabeth Poole, Joellen M Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Shelley S Tworoger, Penelope M Webb, Nicolas Wentzensen
With recent ovarian cancer screening studies showing no clinically significant mortality benefit, preventing this disease, identifying high-risk populations, and extending survival remain priorities. However, several challenges are impeding progress in ovarian cancer research. With most studies capturing exposure information from 10 or more years ago, evaluation of how changing patterns of exposures, such as new oral contraceptive formulations and increased intrauterine device use, might influence ovarian cancer risk and survival is difficult...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114556/the-prevalence-of-preconception-care-its-relation-with-recipients-individuality-fertility-and-the-causes-of-lack-of-checkup-in-women-who-gave-birth-in-isfahan-hospitals-in-2016
#15
Parisa Shadab, Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Ghasem Yadegarfar
BACKGROUND: Preconception care is a set of interventions that aim to identify and repair the factors that can affect the outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of receiving preconception care, its relation with recipients' individuality, fertility, and determining the reason for lack of checkup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that was conducted based on simple stratified random quota sampling on 702 women who gave birth in hospitals of Isfahan (Iran) from April to June in 2016...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112671/travel-characteristics-and-pretravel-health-care-among-pregnant-or-breastfeeding-u-s-women-preparing-for-international-travel
#16
Stefan H F Hagmann, Sowmya R Rao, Regina C LaRocque, Stefanie Erskine, Emily S Jentes, Allison T Walker, Elizabeth D Barnett, Lin H Chen, Davidson H Hamer, Edward T Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To study characteristics and preventive interventions of adult pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seeking pretravel health care in the United States. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data (2009-2014) of pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seen at U.S. travel clinics participating in Global TravEpiNet. Nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding adult female travelers of childbearing age were used for comparison. We evaluated the prescription of malaria chemoprophylaxis and antibiotics for this population as well as the administration of three travel-related vaccines: hepatitis A, typhoid, and yellow fever...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112666/disparities-in-chronic-conditions-among-women-hospitalized-for-delivery-in-the-united-states-2005-2014
#17
Lindsay K Admon, Tyler N A Winkelman, Michelle H Moniz, Matthew M Davis, Michele Heisler, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To estimate trends in the prevalence and socioeconomic distribution of chronic conditions among women hospitalized for obstetric delivery in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective, serial cross-sectional analysis was conducted using 2005-2014 data from the National Inpatient Sample. We estimated the prevalence of eight common, chronic conditions, each associated with obstetric morbidity and mortality, among all childbearing women and then across socioeconomic predictors of obstetric outcomes...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105729/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-pregnancy-how-can-health-services-adapt-to-the-needs-of-indigenous-women-a-qualitative-study
#18
Suzanne Belton, Sue Kruske, Lisa Jackson Pulver, Juanita Sherwood, Kylie Tune, Jonathan Carapetis, Geraldine Vaughan, Michael Peek, Claire McLintock, Elizabeth Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To study rheumatic heart disease health literacy and its impact on pregnancy, and to identify how health services could more effectively meet the needs of pregnant women with rheumatic heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Researchers observed and interviewed a small number of Aboriginal women and their families during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum as they interacted with the health system. An Aboriginal Yarning method of relationship building over time, participant observations and interviews with Aboriginal women were used in the study...
November 6, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101052/cluster-analysis-profiling-of-behaviors-in-zebrafish-larvae-treated-with-antidepressants-and-pesticides
#19
Holly Richendrfer, Robbert Creton
Antidepressants are used by a substantial number of women in their childbearing years. Treatment may continue during pregnancy, since untreated depression poses a risk to the mother and child. However, many antidepressants readily pass through the placental barrier to reach the fetus or may be ingested by the newborn via breastmilk. Little is known about the effects of antidepressants on brain development and subsequent behavior in young children. In the current study, we used zebrafish as a model system to examine the neurodevelopmental effects of three commonly prescribed antidepressants, sertraline, duloxetine and bupropion...
October 31, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099069/association-between-duration-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-postpartum-depression
#20
Jing Yan, Yuyan Liu, Lujia Cao, Yuzhi Zheng, Wen Li, Guowei Huang
Postpartum depression (PPD), as a common complication of childbearing, could have adverse consequences on mothers, children, and families. This cohort study aimed to assess the association between duration of folic acid (FA) supplementation during pregnancy and the onset of PPD in Chinese women. A total of 1592 participants were recruited, and data collected between July 2015 and March 2017 in Tianjin, China. Participants' baseline data were collected regarding socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, obstetric history, and FA supplementation during pregnancy...
November 2, 2017: Nutrients
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