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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549220/physiological-responses-during-intermittent-running-exercise-differ-between-outdoor-and-treadmill-running
#1
Marco Panascì, Romuald Lepers, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Hervè Assadi
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s high intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age: 22±1 years-old; body mass: 66±7 kg; stature: 176±06 cm, weekly training volume: 5±2 h·week<sup>-1</sup>), performed Fitness Intermittent test 45-15 in order to determine VO<sub>2max</sub> and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV) and then completed in random order three different training sessions consisting of 30s run -30s rest outdoor on athletic track (30-30 Track) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest on treadmill (30-30 Treadmill) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest at MAV+15% (30-30+15% MAV Treadmill)...
May 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549209/genotypic-correlation-and-path-analysis-in-early-and-super-early-maize-genotypes
#2
B M Alves, A Cargnelutti Filho
The aims of this study were to assess the linear relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits and to identify promising traits for indirect selection in early and super-early maturing maize genotypes. Two trials were run in the 2009/2010 agricultural year, each consisting of a randomized block design with three replications. One trial was run on 36 early maturing maize genotypes and the other on 22 super-early maturing genotypes. Six agronomic traits, 11 protein-nutritional traits, and four energetic-nutritional traits were measured...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548625/acute-procedural-outcomes-of-orbital-atherectomy-for-the-treatment-of-common-femoral-artery-disease-sub-analysis-of-the-confirm-registries
#3
Michael S Lee, Daniel Heikali, Jihad Mustapha, George Adams, Ehtisham Mahmud
This analysis compared the angiographic outcomes of patients treated with orbital atherectomy for calcified common femoral artery (CFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. The ideal revascularization strategy for CFA disease is unknown. Endarterectomy has been considered the standard of care for CFA disease for over 50 years. Endovascular intervention is becoming more commonly used to revascularize the CFA given the advances in technology and the less invasive nature of the procedure. Patient demographics, lesion characteristics, and procedure data for all CONFIRM patients with at least one CFA lesion location ( n=147 patients; n=200 lesions) were compared to patients with at least one SFA lesion location ( n=1508 patients; n=2367 lesions)...
May 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548615/social-media-networking-in-pediatric-hydrocephalus-a-point-prevalence-analysis-of-utilization
#4
Ghassan Awad Elkarim, Naif M Alotaibi, Nardin Samuel, Shelly Wang, George M Ibrahim, Aria Fallah, Alexander G Weil, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE A recent survey has shown that caregivers of children with shunt-treated hydrocephalus frequently use social media networks for support and information gathering. The objective of this study is to describe and assess social media utilization among users interested in hydrocephalus. METHODS Publicly accessible accounts and videos dedicated to the topic of hydrocephalus were comprehensively searched across 3 social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube) throughout March 2016. Summary statistics were calculated on standard metrics of social media popularity...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548387/a-quantitative-systems-physiology-model-of-renal-function-and-blood-pressure-regulation-model-description
#5
K M Hallow, Y Gebremichael
Renal function plays a central role in cardiovascular, kidney, and multiple other diseases, and many existing and novel therapies act through renal mechanisms. Even with decades of accumulated knowledge of renal physiology, pathophysiology, and pharmacology, the dynamics of renal function remain difficult to understand and predict, often resulting in unexpected or counterintuitive therapy responses. Quantitative systems pharmacology modeling of renal function integrates this accumulated knowledge into a quantitative framework, allowing evaluation of competing hypotheses, identification of knowledge gaps, and generation of new experimentally testable hypotheses...
May 26, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548158/visible-light-assisted-hydrogen-generation-from-complete-decomposition-of-hydrous-hydrazine-using-rhodium-modified-tio2-photocatalysts
#6
Pawan Kumar, Anurag Kumar, Clémence Queffélec, Dietrich Gudat, Qi Wang, Suman L Jain, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits
Hydrogen is considered to be an ideal energy carrier, which produces only water when combined with oxygen and thus has no detrimental effect on the environment. While the catalytic decomposition of hydrous hydrazine for the production of hydrogen is well explored, little is known about its photocatalytic decomposition. The present paper describes a highly efficient photochemical methodology for the production of hydrogen through the decomposition of aqueous hydrazine using titanium dioxide nanoparticles modified with a Rh(i) coordinated catechol phosphane ligand (TiO2-Rh) as a photocatalyst under visible light irradiation...
May 26, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548000/assessment-for-improving-the-performance-of-nicus-the-italian-experience
#7
Simone Fanelli, Antonello Zangrandi
This paper describes neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in Italy using a set of organizational variables identifying management profile. The correlations between variables, and how these are impacted by structural aspects of the department or hospital, are investigated. The research was conducted within the 5-year far-reaching and complex SONAR study run by the Italian Neonatal Network, which maps NICU, monitors outcomes of member centres, defines organizational models, and identifies best practices to improve care quality...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547664/-it-was-a-lot-tougher-than-i-thought-it-would-be-a-qualitative-study-on-the-changing-nature-of-being-a-hemophilia-carrier
#8
Charlotte von der Lippe, Jan C Frich, Anna Harris, Kari Nyheim Solbrække
Studies on carriers of genetic disorders mainly focus on the process of genetic testing and reproductive choices, and less on how psychosocial aspects of being a carrier change over time. Our study sought to understand more about the psychosocial aspects of hemophilia carrier status, and thereby improve counseling aiming to advance carriers' quality of life and well-being. We analyzed 16 in-depth interviews from women who were carriers of hemophilia and had a son with hemophilia. Three themes emerged: Guilt and sorrow across generations; the choices and future consequences of genetic testing; and preparing to have a child with hemophilia...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547378/the-impact-of-economic-complexity-on-carbon-emissions-evidence-from-france
#9
Muhlis Can, Giray Gozgor
This paper reanalyzes the determinants of the CO2 emissions in France. For this purpose, it considers the unit root test with two structural breaks and a dynamic ordinary least squares estimation. The paper also considers the effects of the energy consumption and the economic complexity on CO2 emissions. First, it is observed that the EKC hypothesis is valid in France. Second, the positive effect of the energy consumption on CO2 emissions is obtained. Third, it is observed that a higher economic complexity suppresses the level of CO2 emissions in the long run...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547077/effects-of-the-combined-treatment-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-with-mild-exercise-and-thyroid-hormone-on-brain-damage-and-apoptosis-in-a-mouse-focal-cerebral-ischemia-model
#10
Kobar Akhoundzadeh, Abedin Vakili, Hamid Reza Sameni, Abbas Ali Vafaei, Ali Rashidy-Pour, Manouchehr Safari, Razieh Mohammadkhani
This study examined whether post-stroke bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) therapy combined with exercise (EX) and/or thyroid hormone (TH) could reduce brain damage in an experimental ischemic stroke in mice. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced under Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) guide by 45 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), followed by 7 days of reperfusion in albino mice. BMSCs were injected into the right cerebral ventricle 24 h after MCAO, followed by daily injection of T3 (20 μg/100 g weight S...
May 25, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546906/recent-progress-in-energy-driven-water-splitting
#11
REVIEW
Si Yin Tee, Khin Yin Win, Wee Siang Teo, Leng-Duei Koh, Shuhua Liu, Choon Peng Teng, Ming-Yong Han
Hydrogen is readily obtained from renewable and non-renewable resources via water splitting by using thermal, electrical, photonic and biochemical energy. The major hydrogen production is generated from thermal energy through steam reforming/gasification of fossil fuel. As the commonly used non-renewable resources will be depleted in the long run, there is great demand to utilize renewable energy resources for hydrogen production. Most of the renewable resources may be used to produce electricity for driving water splitting while challenges remain to improve cost-effectiveness...
May 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546201/burn-to-run-in-the-u-s-a
#12
Barbara R Jasny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545929/a-simple-hplc-uv-method-for-quantification-of-enzalutamide-and-its-active-metabolite-n-desmethyl-enzalutamide-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
Alicja Puszkiel, Alain Plé, Olivier Huillard, Gaëlle Noé, Constance Thibault, Stéphane Oudard, François Goldwasser, Michel Vidal, Jérome Alexandre, Benoit Blanchet
Enzalutamide is currently approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). To date, a single liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectroscopy method is available to measure plasma enzalutamide concentrations in mCRPC patients. In this work, an accurate and sensitive HPLC-UV method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of enzalutamide and its active metabolite, N-desmethyl enzalutamide in plasma from mCRPC patients. Before precipitation of proteins with acetonitrile, samples were spiked with nilutamide (internal standard)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545887/how-to-identify-high-radiation-burden-from-computed-tomography-an-example-in-obese-children
#14
Daniel L Lodwick, Jennifer N Cooper, Brent Adler, Choonsik Lee, Kelly Kelleher, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
BACKGROUND: Radiation burden from the use of computed tomography (CT) imaging may not be evenly distributed. We tested whether overweight and obese children receive higher radiation burden from CT imaging. METHODS: An automated software tool (DoseWizard) assessed patient-level radiation dose from CT and merged results with clinical data from the electronic health record. CT scans of the head, chest, and abdomen/pelvis (A/P) performed at our institution from January 2013 to August 2015 on patients aged <16 y were processed using this software...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545804/knemometry-assessment-of-short-term-growth-in-children-with-asthma-receiving-fluticasone-furoate-for-2-weeks-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#15
Ole D Wolthers, Sally Stone, Philippe Bareille, Susan Tomkins, Sanjeev Khindri
PURPOSE: A dry powder inhaler formulation of the inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone furoate (FF) is being evaluated for use in children. An important potential risk associated with the use of inhaled corticosteroids in children is growth suppression. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the short-term lower leg growth in children with asthma treated for 2 weeks with inhaled FF versus placebo from the ELLIPTA inhaler. METHODS: Prepubertal children with persistent asthma (n = 60; aged 5 to <12 years) were recruited into a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover, noninferiority study...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545560/influences-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-on-the-kinematics-in-multi-segmental-spine-pelvis-and-lower-extremities-during-five-activities-of-daily-living
#16
Shengzheng Kuai, Wenyu Zhou, Zhenhua Liao, Run Ji, Daiqi Guo, Rui Zhang, Weiqiang Liu
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem that can contribute to motor dysfunction. Previous studies reporting the changes in kinematic characteristics caused by LBP present conflicting results. This study aimed to apply the multisegmental spinal model to investigate the kinematic changes in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) during five activities of daily living (ADLs). METHODS: Twenty-six healthy subjects and 7 LDH patients participated in this study and performed level walking, stair climbing, trunk flexion, and ipsilateral and contralateral pickups...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545504/a-case-report-of-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-complicated-by-acute-renal-failure-and-tubulo-interstitial-nephritis
#17
Nilukshana Yogendranathan, H M M T B Herath, Thenuka Sivasundaram, R Constantine, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: Run Rat® is a rodenticide widely used against small mammals. It comprises of a minimum of 32% zinc phosphide which is highly toxic in acute exposures to humans. It may be consumed accidentally or intentionally. It enters the body via skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Zinc phosphide is hydrolyzed by the gastric acid and is transformed into phosphine gas. Phosphine is a respiratory toxin that inhibits cytochrome C oxidase system resulting in renal failure and liver failure...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545461/interventions-to-reduce-inequalities-in-health-and-early-child-development-in-europe-from-a-qualitative-perspective
#18
Joana Morrison, Hynek Pikhart, Peter Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical stage of development. Inequalities in experiences affect children's wellbeing and determine their development. Early years interventions focusing on children and their parents may help address inequalities during this critical period. Understanding the experiences and perceptions of parents receiving early years programmes and staff providing these may help service development and delivery. The objective of this study was to describe staff and parents' accounts of how early childhood programmes in different European country contexts improved child development...
May 25, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545387/impact-of-e-publication-changes-in-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-for-algae-fungi-and-plants-melbourne-code-2012-did-we-need-to-run-for-our-lives
#19
Nicky Nicolson, Katherine Challis, Allan Tucker, Sandra Knapp
BACKGROUND: At the Nomenclature Section of the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia (IBC), the botanical community voted to allow electronic publication of nomenclatural acts for algae, fungi and plants, and to abolish the rule requiring Latin descriptions or diagnoses for new taxa. Since the 1st January 2012, botanists have been able to publish new names in electronic journals and may use Latin or English as the language of description or diagnosis. RESULTS: Using data on vascular plants from the International Plant Names Index (IPNI) spanning the time period in which these changes occurred, we analysed trajectories in publication trends and assessed the impact of these new rules for descriptions of new species and nomenclatural acts...
May 25, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545075/an-improved-ant-colony-optimization-algorithm-with-fault-tolerance-for-job-scheduling-in-grid-computing-systems
#20
Hajara Idris, Absalom E Ezugwu, Sahalu B Junaidu, Aderemi O Adewumi
The Grid scheduler, schedules user jobs on the best available resource in terms of resource characteristics by optimizing job execution time. Resource failure in Grid is no longer an exception but a regular occurring event as resources are increasingly being used by the scientific community to solve computationally intensive problems which typically run for days or even months. It is therefore absolutely essential that these long-running applications are able to tolerate failures and avoid re-computations from scratch after resource failure has occurred, to satisfy the user's Quality of Service (QoS) requirement...
2017: PloS One
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