Read by QxMD icon Read

Radius head

B Lakshmi Divya, P Narasimha Rao
SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis), a rare inflammatory disorder, is an association of distinct skin disorders with pustules with osteoarticular inflammation. Its etiology remains unclear, and various treatment regimens frequently fail to control the disease. An 18-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with severe nodulocystic acne on the face with pain at both the wrists and lower back associated with high-grade fever and chills. On physical examination, he had severe tenderness at both wrist joints and lower back, along with swelling of right wrist...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Seok Hyun Bae, Shin Hee Kang, Chi Shian Feng, Joohyun Park, Jae Hoon Jeong, Kayoung Yi
PURPOSE: To investigate optic nerve head size and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness according to refractive status and axial length. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 252 eyes of 252 healthy volunteers underwent ocular biometry measurement as well as optic nerve head and RNFL imaging by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Correlation and linear regression analyses were performed for all subjects. The magnification effect was adjusted by the modified axial length method...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
L Ernstbrunner, J-D Werthel, T Hatta, A R Thoreson, H Resch, K-N An, P Moroder
OBJECTIVES: The bony shoulder stability ratio (BSSR) allows for quantification of the bony stabilisers in vivo. We aimed to biomechanically validate the BSSR, determine whether joint incongruence affects the stability ratio (SR) of a shoulder model, and determine the correct parameters (glenoid concavity versus humeral head radius) for calculation of the BSSR in vivo. METHODS: Four polyethylene balls (radii: 19.1 mm to 38.1 mm) were used to mould four fitting sockets in four different depths (3...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Chesley F Durgin Iii, E Meade Spratley, Jibanananda Satpathy, William A Jiranek, Jennifer S Wayne
Identifying native femoral version from proximal femoral landmarks would be of benefit both for preoperative assessment as well as intraoperatively. To identify potential markers for femoral anteversion, an empirical framework was developed for orientation-independent analysis of the proximal femur from pelvic CT to allow for segmentation of the proximal femur into five constituent regions: Femoral head, femoral neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter and femoral shaft. The framework is based on the identification of differences in the radius of curvature at anatomic zones of transition between regions of the proximal femur, followed by non-linear geometric shape fitting...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Yaiza Lópiz, Ana González, Carlos García-Fernández, Javier García-Coiradas, Fernando Marco
INTRODUCTION: At present, surgical treatment of comminuted radial head fractures without associated instability continues to be controversial. When anatomical reconstruction is not possible, radial head excision is performed. However, the appearance of long-term complications with this technique, along with the development of new radial head implants situates arthroplasty as a promising surgical alternative. The purpose of the present study was to compare the mid-term functional outcomes of both techniques...
September 2016: Injury
Erich M Gauger, Lauren L Casnovsky, Erica J Gauger, Deborah C Bohn, Ann E Van Heest
This study reviewed the clinical history and management of acquired growth arrest in the upper extremity in pediatric patients. The records of all patients presenting from 1996 to 2012 with radiographically proven acquired growth arrest were reviewed. Records were examined to determine the etiology and site of growth arrest, management, and complications. Patients with tumors or hereditary etiology were excluded. A total of 44 patients (24 boys and 20 girls) with 51 physeal arrests who presented at a mean age of 10...
September 29, 2016: Orthopedics
Parham Daneshvar, Ryan Willing, Markian Pahuta, Ruby Grewal, Graham J W King
PURPOSE: Using a novel technique, we assess and describe the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) anatomy. The purpose of this study was to provide the anatomic dimensions of the DRUJ and to evaluate contralateral symmetry. METHODS: Computed tomography images of 100 cadaveric forearms were obtained. Three-dimensional models of the radius and ulna were generated and evaluated using 3-dimensional modeling software. Measurements of the radius of curvature of the sigmoid notch (SN) and ulnar head (UH), as well as the length of the SN and volar and dorsal lips were performed in the axial and coronal sequences...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Myung Chul Choi, Peter J Chung, Chaeyeon Song, Herbert P Miller, E Kiris, Youli Li, Leslie Wilson, Stuart C Feinstein, Cyrus R Safinya
BACKGROUND: Microtubules (MTs) are protein nanotubes comprised of straight protofilaments (PFs), head to tail assemblies of αβ-tubulin heterodimers. Previously, it was shown that Tau, a microtubule-associated protein (MAP) localized to neuronal axons, regulates the average number of PFs in microtubules with increasing inner radius <Rin(MT)> observed for increasing Tau/tubulin-dimer molar ratio ΦTau at paclitaxel/tubulin-dimer molar ratio ΛPtxl=1/1. METHODS: We report a synchrotron SAXS and TEM study of the phase behavior of microtubules as a function of varying concentrations of paclitaxel (1/32≤ΛPtxl≤1/4) and Tau (human isoform 3RS, 0≤Φ3RS≤1/2) at room temperature...
September 12, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
J Phadnis, A C Watts
The Essex Lopresti lesion is a rare triad of injury to the radial head, interosseous membrane of the forearm and distal radio-ulnar joint, which results in longitudinal instability of the radius. If unrecognized this leads to chronic pain and disability which is difficult to salvage. Early recognition and appropriate treatment is therefore desirable to prevent long-term problems. The aim of this article is to review the pathoanatomy of longitudinal radius instability and use the existing literature and authors' experience to provide recommendations for recognition and treatment of acute and chronic forearm instability, including description of the author's technique for interosseous membrane reconstruction...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Salvatore Bisicchia, Cosimo Tudisco
Fracture-dislocations of the elbow can be difficult to treat, with unsatisfactory results in some cases. In general, it is preferable to preserve the fractured radial head when possible, but some patients present a unique treatment challenge because of extremely comminuted fractures and bone loss. In these cases, the only options available are radial head prosthesis or allograft. The authors present a case of a 45-year-old man with a fracture-dislocation of the left elbow that was treated with an allograft of the radial head and neck because of extreme comminution of the fracture...
September 8, 2016: Orthopedics
Georgina Royle, Nadia Falzone, Radka Chakalova, Katherine Vallis, Sverre Myhra
PURPOSE: A challenge for single-cell dosimetry of internalized Auger electron-emitting (AE) radiopharmaceuticals remains how best to elucidate their spatial distribution. To this end, a method, photoresist autoradiography (PAR), was previously developed to identify the lateral spatial distribution of AE-emitting radionuclides internalized in single cancer cells. In this paper, we present a simple mathematical model based on the radius and depth of radiation-induced patterns in photoresist material to identify the location in the z-plane of an (111)In source capable of generating the pattern...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
J Franke, S Y Vetter, N Beisemann, B Swartman, P A Grützner, M Schnetzke
BACKGROUND: The results and immediate consequences of intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) imaging in the treatment of AO classification type C fractures of the distal radius, the tibial head and the tibial pilon were analyzed and compared with published results on general intraoperative revision rates following intraoperative 3D-imaging. METHODS: In this retrospective study 279 patients with AO type C fractures of the distal radius (n = 84), tibial head (n = 109) and tibial pilon (n = 86) who underwent intraoperative 3D-imaging were included...
October 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Goo Hyun Baek, Jihyeung Kim
BACKGROUND: Oligodactyly of the hand is one of the rarest congenital anomalies of upper extremities and defined as the presence of fewer than five fingers on a hand. Although it usually occurs in association with hypoplasia or absence of ulna, it can occur without abnormality of the forearm bones. The purpose of this study is to present clinical features and radiographic characteristics of hand oligodactyly with thumb. METHODS: Five patients of oligodactyly with thumb who showed normal forearm bones, were evaluated...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Andres F Cabezas, Kristi Krebes, Michael M Hussey, Brandon G Santoni, Hyuong Sik Kim, Mark A Frankle, Joo Han Oh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if there were significant differences in glenohumeral joint morphology between North American and East Asian populations that may influence sizing and selection of shoulder arthroplasty systems. METHODS: Computed tomography reconstructions of 92 North American and 58 East Asian patients were used to perform 3-dimensional measurements. The proximal humeral position was normalized in all patients by aligning it with the scapular plane utilizing anatomic landmarks...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Xuejing Li, Lin Wang, Zhixin Liu, Daoyi Dong
This paper considers the consensus behavior of a spatially distributed 3-D dynamical network composed of heterogeneous agents: leaders and followers, in which the leaders have the preferred information about the destination, while the followers do not have. All followers move in a 3-D Euclidean space with a given speed and with their headings updated according to the average velocity of the corresponding neighbors. Compared with the 2-D model, a key point lies in how to analyze the dynamical behavior of a "linear" nonhomogeneous equation where the nonhomogeneous term strongly nonlinearly depends on the states of all agents...
August 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Tanya T Khan, Betsy Colon-Acevedo, Pradeep Mettu, Claudio DeLorenzi, Julie A Woodward
BACKGROUND: Embolia cutis medicamentosa (ECM) is a rare phenomenon attributed to intra-arterial drug injection. Glabellar filler injections can result in potentially devastating visual loss from inadvertent retrograde arteriolar embolization due to the extensive vasculature within the upper face. The minimum amount of filler necessary to potentiate this complication has not yet been reported. OBJECTIVES: We aim to determine the volume of filler necessary to occupy the supratrochlear artery from the glabella to the bifurcation of the ophthalmic and central retinal arteries...
August 16, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Stéphane Isabettini, Marianne Liebi, Joachim Kohlbrecher, Takashi Ishikawa, Erich J Windhab, Peter Fischer, Peter Walde, Simon Kuster
Bicelles composed of DMPC and phospholipids capable of chelating lanthanide ions, such as 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-ethanolamine-diethylene triaminepentaacetate (DMPE-DTPA), are highly tunable magnetically responsive soft materials. Further doping of these systems with cholesterol-DTPA conjugates complexed to a lanthanide ion considerably enhances the bicelle's size and magnetic alignability. The high value of these cholesterol conjugates for bicelle design remains largely unexplored. Herein, we examine how molecular structural alterations within the cholesterol-DTPA conjugates lead to contrasting self-assembled polymolecular aggregate structures when incorporated into DMPC/DMPE-DTPA/Tm(3+) bilayers...
September 6, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
John W Karl, Lauren H Redler, Peter Tang
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of radial head resection for radial head fracture have shown mixed outcomes, depending on the integrity of the soft-tissue stabilizers of the elbow, forearm, and wrist. METHODS: We report a case of a symptomatic delayed proximal migration of the radius after radial head excision for radial neck nonunion which was managed with a staged radial head replacement. Informed consent was obtained from the individual in this case report. RESULTS: At 7 months after radial head replacement, the patient had 90 degrees of forearm supination and 85 degrees of pronation...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Andras Heijink, Izaäk F Kodde, Paul G H Mulder, C Niek Van Dijk, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Theoretical advantages of bipolar over monopolar radial head arthroplasty include better accommodation of radiocapitellar malalignment, reduction of capitellar abrasion, and reduction of stress at the bone-to-cement and cement-to-implant interfaces. Our purpose was to report the midterm results of cemented bipolar radial head arthroplasty. METHODS: Twenty-five patients were treated by cemented bipolar radial head arthroplasty for acute fracture of the radial head, earlier treatment that had failed, or posttraumatic sequelae...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Eoin Parle, Hannah Larmon, David Taylor
Insects are among the most diverse groups of animals on Earth. Their cuticle exoskeletons vary greatly in terms of size and shape, and are subjected to different applied forces during daily activities. We investigated the biomechanics of the tibiae of three different insect species: the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria), American cockroach (Periplaneta americana) and Death's Head cockroach (Blaberus discoidalis). In a previous work, we showed that these tibiae vary not only in geometry (length, radius and thickness) but also in material quality (Young's modulus) and in the applied stress required to cause failure when loaded in bending...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"