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Radius head

Yosadara Ruiz-Morales, Ascencion Romero-Martínez
The first critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the ionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), in diluted aqueous solution, has been determined at room temperature from the investigation of the bulk viscosity, at several concentrations of SDS, by means of coarse grain molecular dynamics simulations. The coarse-grained model molecules at the mesoscale level are adopted. The bulk viscosity of SDS was calculated at several millimolar concentrations of SDS in water using the MARTINI force field by means of NVT shear Mesocite molecular dynamics...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Francisco Del Piñal, Eduardo Moraleda, Jaime S Rúas, Ana Rodriguez-Vega, Alexis Studer
PURPOSE: To present a new arthroscopic method for treating supination losses. METHODS: Six patients (15-71 y) were eligible for this study. All had a history of trauma to the wrist more than 6 months previously. Five of them had sustained a distal radius fracture: 3 had been treated with a volar plate (1 of them for an extra-articular malunion), 1 with an external fixator and K-wires, and 1 had been treated in a cast. One of these patients underwent a further operation for correcting an intra-articular malunion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Shuyang Han, Jerry W Alexander, Vijai S Thomas, Joshua Choi, Joshua D Harris, David B Doherty, Jonathan R T Jeffers, Philip C Noble
BACKGROUND: Hip "microinstability" is commonly cited as the cause of symptoms that occur in the presence of translation of the femoral head away from conformity with the acetabular fossa. However, there is still no consistent objective criteria defining its presence and biomechanical basis. One hypothesis is that abnormal motion of the articular surfaces occurs because of capsular laxity, ultimately leading to clinical symptoms. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between capsular laxity and abnormal rotation and translation of the hip...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Reshma Munbodh, Jonathan P S Knisely, David A Jaffray, Douglas J Moseley
PURPOSE: We present and evaluate a fully automated 2D-3D intensity-based registration framework using a single limited field-of-view (FOV) 2D kV radiograph and a 3D kV CBCT for 3D estimation of patient setup errors during brain radiotherapy. METHODS: We evaluated two similarity measures, the Pearson correlation coefficient on image intensity values (ICC) and maximum likelihood measure with Gaussian noise (MLG), derived from the statistics of transmission images...
February 22, 2018: Medical Physics
Caiyun Wang, Jing Han
The interaction radius r plays an important role in the collective behavior of many multi-agent systems because it defines the interaction network among agents. For the topic of intervention on collective behavior of multi-agent systems, does r also affect the intervention performance? In this paper we study whether it is easier to change the convergent heading of the group by adding some special agents (called shills) into the Vicsek model when r is larger (or smaller). Two kinds of shills are considered: fixed-heading shills (like leaders that never change their headings) and evolvable-heading shills (like normal agents but with carefully designed initial headings)...
2018: PloS One
Yusuke Kawano, Noboru Matsumura, Akihiko Murai, Mitsunori Tada, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeo Nagura
PURPOSE: To evaluate the distance and position of humeral head translation during glenohumeral motion and to investigate the function of the rotator cuff in glenohumeral translation. METHODS: Using 9 cadavers, glenohumeral translation during passive pendulum motion was tracked by an optical motion capture system. Tension was applied to 5 compartments of the rotator cuff muscles, and 7 different conditions of rotator cuff dysfunction were sequentially simulated. Three-dimensional glenohumeral structure was reconstructed from the computed tomography images of the specimens, and the distance and position of glenohumeral translation were compared among the conditions...
February 8, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Christina Salas, Justin A Brantley, James Clark, Mahmoud Reda Taha, Orrin B Myers, Deana Mercer
PURPOSE: "Damage" is an engineering term defining a period between a state of material perfection and the onset of crack initiation. Clinically, it is a loss of fixation due to microstructural breakdown, indirectly measured as a reduction of stiffness of the bone-implant construct, normalized by the cross-sectional area and length of the bone. The purpose of this study was to characterize damage in a cadaver model of extra-articular distal radius fracture with dorsal comminution treated using 2-column volar distal radius plates...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
James D Michelson, Jessie W Janowski, Mark D Charlson
BACKGROUND: Previous qualitative studies have linked first metatarsal head morphology with hallux valgus (HV) and hallux rigidus (HR). This study used a quantitative measurement of 1st MT radius of curvature to assess if HR MT heads were flatter than HV heads. METHODS: Weight bearing foot films were used in HV, HR, and normal patients (no forefoot complaints) to measure the metatarsal head radius of curvature (normalized by dividing the radius of curvature by the first metatarsal length to adjust for magnification and foot size)...
May 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Cesar Satoshi Miyazaki, Daniel Augusto Maranho, Paulo Moraes Agnollitto, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa
Objective: To evaluate the age in which the secondary ossification centers of the elbow appear and fuse in the Brazilian population. Methods: Nearly thirty radiographs were randomly selected for each age group from 0 to 18 years, with a total of 544 radiographs from 439 patients, between 2010 and 2015, without abnormalities secondary to trauma, metabolic or bone tumor diseases. Radiographs were retrospectively evaluated by two blind and independent observers, according to the presence or not of the ossification centers, and the fusion between them...
November 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Mengyu Wang, Qingying Jin, Hui Wang, Dian Li, Neda Baniasadi, Tobias Elze
Purpose: We quantified the interrelationship between retinal blood vessel (BV) anatomical variation, spherical equivalent (SE) of refractive error, and functional diagnostic parameters in glaucoma to identify optimal parameters for the improvement of optical coherence tomography (OCT) retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) norms. Methods: A trained observer marked the intersections of the main superior/inferior temporal arteries and veins with concentric circles around the optic nerve head (ONH) center on fundus images...
January 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Leslie Fink Barnes, Joseph Lombardi, Thomas R Gardner, Robert J Strauch, Melvin P Rosenwasser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the complete visible surface area of the radial head, neck, and coronoid in the Kaplan and Kocher approaches to the lateral elbow. The hypothesis was that the Kaplan approach would afford greater visibility due to the differential anatomy of the intermuscular planes. METHODS: Ten cadavers were dissected with the Kaplan and Kocher approaches, and the visible surface area was measured in situ using a 3-dimensional digitizer...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Ming-Liang Li, Jian-Shui Mao, Chong-Bin Zhou, Ji-Wei Wang, Zhi-Jun Ye
OBJECTIVE: To summarize experiences of operative treatment for Essex-Lopresti injury, and analyze the effect of the compare repair of interosseous membrane of forearm(IOM)on the forearm function. METHODS: Twenty-four patients of Essex-Lopresti injury were treated from January 2005 to December 2013, 16 patients(group A) with radius and/or ulna fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation of radius or ulna and repair of forearm bone membrane at the same time, and then treated with open reduction and internal fixation of head of radius, as well as lower ulnar joint fixation or repair of wrist triangle fiber complex...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
John G Coury, Zachary C Lum, Marc A Trzeciak
CASE: We describe the case of a 66-year-old man who sustained a nondisplaced radial neck fracture and subsequently developed a symptomatic nonunion. After a period of unsuccessful conservative treatment, a radial head resection was performed. CONCLUSION: Radial neck fractures, unlike their radial head counterparts, have a low rate of nonunion. Our patient's only positive risk factor was age, but he developed a nonunion. At the 2-year follow-up after excision of the radial head, there was a lack of proximal migration of the radius during axial loading, demonstrating a positive outcome without the need for replacement of the radial head...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
Y Zhan, C F Luo, Y J Chen
PURPOSE: Direct location of a "safe zone" on a CT axial view is inadequate because the radial head is circular in shape. Previous "safe zone" location methods are not appropriate if the physician is unable to visualize the actual radial head. This study aims to introduce a new method to locate the "safe zone" on CT. METHODS: CT scans were performed on 20 intact cadaveric upper limbs from 20 different corpses in full pronation and supination. The DICOM-format raw data were then re-sliced and analyzed in Mimics 17...
December 11, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Lynne M Feehan, Linda L Li, Heather A McKay
BACKGROUND: We used High Resolution - peripheral Quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) imaging to examine peri-articular bone quality in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explore whether bone quality improved over 12-months in individuals receiving care consistent with practice guidelines. METHODS: A 1-year longitudinal cohort study (Baseline and 12-months) evaluating individuals with early RA compared to age/sex-matched peers. Personal demographic and health and lifestyle information were collected for all...
December 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Shi-Jin Feng, Ben-Yi Cao, An-Zheng Li, Hong-Xin Chen, Qi-Teng Zheng
The most commonly used method of operating landfills more sustainably is to promote rapid biodegradation and stabilization of municipal solid waste (MSW) by leachate recirculation. The present study is an application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to the 3D modeling of leachate recirculation in bioreactor landfills using vertical wells. The objective is to model and investigate the hydrodynamic and biochemical behavior of MSW subject to leachate recirculation. The results indicate that the maximum recirculated leachate volume can be reached when vertical wells are set at the upper middle part of a landfill (HW /HT  = 0...
February 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hiromasa Akino, Shunpei Hama, Masataka Yasuda, Kenta Minato, Masahiro Miyashita
Distal ulnar fractures often occur with distal radius fractures (DRFs), and ulnar styloid fractures commonly occur in the setting of DRF. However, isolated ulnar head fractures are rare. We report a case of isolated ulnar head fracture in which we performed bone resection because the ulnar head bone fragment fractured when internal screw fixation was attempted. His outcome at 18 months postoperatively was considered excellent. However, we do not advocate bone resection other than failure of fixation and the difficult case to perform internal fixation...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Shinichi Abe, Naomitsu Tomita, Masahito Yamamoto, Minako Sato, Hiroshi Abe, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
The median nerve passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the pronator teres muscle (PT), although variations such as absence of the ulnar head may exist. We observed histological sections of the upper extremity from 24 embryos and fetuses. In the early stage, the PT extended between the radius and the medial epicondyle of the humerus, but no candidate for the ulnar head was found. In mid-term fetuses, the ulnar margin of the PT was attached to the elbow joint capsule. Moreover, in late-stage fetuses, a small deep part of the PT arose from the thick joint capsule of the humero-ulnar joint near the coronoid process of the ulna...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
Hui Taek Kim, Le Viet Can, Tae Young Ahn, In Hee Kim
Background: Various deformities can occur in the forearm bones when the traumatically dislocated radial head is untreated for a long period. Without correction of all deformities, reduction of the dislocated radial head is difficult to maintain, and forearm and elbow motion will deteriorate after reduction. We evaluated radiographic parameters of forearms with traumatically dislocated radial heads (and of the normal sides) to understand the resulting deformities and the effectiveness of surgical treatment...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Yohann Couqueberg, Romain Augoyard, Marc Augoyard, Valérie Berry-Kromer, Céline Bouby, Loïc Girod
The aim of the study is to provide some characteristic parameters of the anatomy of metatarsals from computed tomography (CT) scans. These data are important for more anatomical metatarsal head resurfacing prosthesis conception. Measures were performed on 20 CT scans from 17 patients with a mean age of 44.35 ± 15.75 years old. The panel was composed of 40% male and 50% left feet. Measurements were divided in 2 distinct categories: linear measurements with length of metatarsal, head radius and head, and diaphysis and base thicknesses, and cross-sectional area measurements, including cortical and cancellous bone area at 10%, 25%, 50%, 60%, 75%, and 90% of the metatarsal's length...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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