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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742880/same-day-hiv-testing-with-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-versus-standard-care-for-persons-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-unblinded-trial
#1
Serena P Koenig, Nancy Dorvil, Jessy G Dévieux, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Cynthia Riviere, Mikerlyne Faustin, Kerlyne Lavoile, Christian Perodin, Alexandra Apollon, Limathe Duverger, Margaret L McNairy, Kelly A Hennessey, Ariadne Souroutzidis, Pierre-Yves Cremieux, Patrice Severe, Jean W Pape
BACKGROUND: Attrition during the period from HIV testing to antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is high worldwide. We assessed whether same-day HIV testing and ART initiation improves retention and virologic suppression. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted an unblinded, randomized trial of standard ART initiation versus same-day HIV testing and ART initiation among eligible adults ≥18 years old with World Health Organization Stage 1 or 2 disease and CD4 count ≤500 cells/mm3...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737079/menstrual-education-and-personal-hygiene-supplies-to-empower-young-women-in-haiti
#2
Patricia Coker-Bolt, Annika Jansson, Sherridan Bigg, Elizabeth Hammond, Harmony Hudson, Sarah Hunkler, Jana Kitch, Heather Richardson, Erica Tiedemann, Janet O'Flynn, Marie Dominque Laurent
Recent studies report that Haitian women are concerned about unmet women's health issues. The Days for Girls (DfG) International program features women's health education and personal hygiene kits to ensure women understand the process of menstruation and sanitary hygiene practices. The aim was to train Haitian seamstresses to produce the DfG kits during an in-country workshop and investigate the perceived benefit of the DfG program in young women who used the DfG kits. Posttest only design was used to measure the effectiveness of DfG workshop and postsurvey to study perception of women using DfG kits...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734541/response-to-mortality-length-of-stay-bloodstream-and-respiratory-viral-infections-in-a-pediatric-intensivecare-unit-comment-on-data-sparsity
#3
Kam Lun Hon, Maggie Haitian Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#4
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721935/prevalence-of-eye-disease-and-visual-impairment-in-%C3%A3-le-de-la-gonave-ha%C3%A3-ti
#5
B Tousignant, J Brûlé
Epidemiological data describing the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Haiti are sparse. The Haitian National Committee for the Prevention of Blindness (CNPC) estimates the prevalence of blindness at 1 %. Other regional data estimate moderate and severe visual impairment at 5% and 22%, respectively. IRIS Mundial (IM) is a non-governmental organization collaborating with the CNPC to develop eye care infrastructure in Haiti. To estimate the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment on the Haitian island of Gonâve, to assist in planning of relevant eye care infrastructure...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712383/retrospective-genomic-analysis-of-vibrio-cholerae-o1-el-tor-strains-from-different-places-in-india-reveals-the-presence-of-ctxb-7-allele-found-in-haitian-isolates
#6
R DE, T Ramamurthy, B L Sarkar, A K Mukhopadhyay, G P Pazhani, S Sarkar, S Dutta, G B Nair
A total of 45 strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolated from 10 different places in India where they were associated with cases of cholera between the years 2007 and 2008 were examined by molecular methods. With the help of phenotypic and genotypic tests the strains were confirmed to be O1 El Tor biotype strains with classical ctxB gene. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis by double - mismatch amplification mutation assay PCR showed 16 of these strains carried the ctxB-7 allele reported in Haitian strains...
August 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688192/assessment-of-human-papillomavirus-awareness-in-association-with-head-and-neck-cancer-at-a-screening-event
#7
Michael H Berger, Erin R Cohen, Alan G Shamrock, Brandon Chan, Michelle Camp, Kaming Lo, Zoukaa B Sargi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the baseline awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as a cause of head and neck cancer (HNC) to design improved targeted screening and education efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of collected survey at a cancer screening event. METHODS: This was a screening event at three hospitals and one community center in Miami, Florida. Participants were recruited throughout the Greater Miami area...
July 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674316/vibrio-cholerae-o1-ogawa-strains-carrying-the-ctxb7-allele-caused-large-cholera-outbreak-during-2014-in-the-tribal-areas-of-odisha-india
#8
Bibhuti Bhusan Pal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Smruti Ranjan Nayak, Anima Mohanty, Bhagyalaxmi Biswal
The large outbreak of cholera reported during July to Sept, 2014 in Narla block of Kalahandi district was investigated to find out the causative organism. The rectal swabs collected from diarrhoea patients and environmental water samples were sub-cultured following standard techniques. The causative organism was V.cholerae O1 Ogawa biotype El Tor while DMAMA-PCR assay confirmed that all strains were ctxB7 of Haitian variants V.cholerae O1. The water samples were negative for V. cholerae .The V.cholerae O1 strains were sensitive to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, doxycycline, azithromycin,; but were resistant to erythromycin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, furazolidone, neomycine, cotrimoxazole, nalidixic acid and ampicilin...
July 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630562/unstoppable-how-advocates-persevered-in-the-fight-for-justice-for-haitian-cholera-victims
#9
Adam Houston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#10
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
August 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625543/characterization-of-vibrio-cholerae-o1-strains-that-trace-the-origin-of-haitian-like-genetic-traits
#11
Priyanka Ghosh, Dhirendra Kumar, Goutam Chowdhury, Puneeta Singh, Prosenjit Samanta, Shanta Dutta, T Ramamurthy, N C Sharma, Preety Sinha, Yogendra Prasad, Sumio Shinoda, Asish K Mukhopadhyay
Vibrio cholerae O1 is the etiological agent of the severe diarrheal disease cholera. The bacterium has recently been causing outbreaks in Haiti with catastrophic effects. Numerous mutations have been reported in V. cholerae O1 strains associated with the Haitian outbreak. These mutations encompass among other the genes encoding virulence factors such as the pilin subunit of the toxin-co-regulated pilus (tcpA), cholera toxin B subunit (ctxB), repeat in toxins (rtxA), and other genes such as the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of gyrase A (gyrA), rstB of RS element along with the alteration in the number of repeat sequences at the promoter region of ctxAB...
June 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#12
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611976/a-sustained-partnership-between-a-haitian-children-s-hospital-and-north-american-academic-medical-centers
#13
Michael P Koster, Jackson H Williams, Jacqueline Gautier, Renee Alce, Bernard E Trappey
Global health initiatives from academic medical centers have rapidly proliferated over the last decade. This paper endeavors to describe our 5-year experience as an academic medical collaborative supporting healthcare delivery, medical training, and research at Hôpital Saint Damien-Nos Petits Frères et Soeurs, the only freestanding children's hospital in Haiti. Descriptions of the history and current activities of our academic medical collaborative, its partnership and communication structure, its evolution to fill the expressed needs of our host site, its funding mechanisms, and its challenges and opportunities for the future are included...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572304/complete-genomic-sequence-of-dengue-virus-1-isolated-from-plasma-collected-from-a-haitian-child-in-2014
#14
EDITORIAL
Maha Elbadry, Sarah White, Julia Loeb, Massimiliano Tagliamonte, Marco Salemi, J Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars, Bernard Okech, Glenn Morris, John Lednicky
An outbreak of dengue fever followed a chikungunya fever outbreak in Haiti in 2014. We detected Dengue virus 1 (DENV-1) in plasma samples collected between May 2014 and February 2015. A representative isolate was fully sequenced, and phylogenetic analyses indicate that it groups within the genotype V South American and Caribbean DENV-1 clades.
June 1, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566556/estimation-of-clinical-parameters-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-by-exhaled-breath-full-scan-mass-spectrometry-data-and-iterative-pca-with-intensity-screening-ips-algorithm
#15
Maggie Haitian Wang, Steven Y F Lau, Ka Chun Chong, Chloe Kwok, Maria Lai, Hau Yin Chung, Chung Shun Ho, Cheuk Chun Szeto, Benny Zee
Breath mass spectrometry is a useful tool for identifying important compounds associated with health. However, there have been few studies that explored human exhaled breath by full-scan mass spectrometry as a non-invasive method for medical diagnosis, which may be attributed to the difficulties resulting from multicollinearity and small sample sizes relative to a large number of product ions. In this study, breath samples from 54 chronic kidney disease patients were analyzed by selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) in the full-scan mode...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562766/wuchereria-bancrofti-infection-in-haitian-immigrants-and-the-risk-of-re-emergence-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#16
Edson Fidelis da Silva, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães de Lacerda, Gilberto Fontes, Maria Paula Gomes Mourão, Marilaine Martins
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a public health problem in Haiti. Thus, the emigration of Haitians to Brazil is worrisome because of the risk for LF re-emergence. METHODS: Blood samples of Haitian immigrants, aged ≥18 years, who emigrated to Manaus (Brazilian Amazon), were examined using thick blood smears, membrane blood filtration, and immunochromatography. RESULTS: Of the 244 immigrants evaluated, 1 (0.4%) tested positive for W...
March 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562238/the-orthopedic-trauma-symposium-improving-care-of-orthopedic-injuries-in-haiti
#17
Ryan Normore, Helena Greene, Allison DeLong, Andrew Furey
BACKGROUND: Although single-trip volunteer medical teams can provide much-needed acute trauma care following natural disasters, their ability to leave a legacy of improved care in the region is often limited. One way to improve treatment of traumatic injuries is through conference-based teaching, such as the Orthopedic Trauma Symposium (OTS), which took place in Haiti in 2014. However, there is little research evaluating the effectiveness of such teaching tools. We evaluated the OTS and the potential benefits of future iterations of the course...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536078/akt-is-critically-involved-in-the-antagonism-of-braf-inhibitor-sorafenib-against-dabrafenib-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-harboring-both-wild-type-and-mutant-v600e-braf-genes
#18
Hongbin Wang, Haitian Quan, Liguang Lou
BRAF, one of the key factors in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, plays an important role in cell functions including growth and proliferation. Inhibition of BRAF represents a promising antitumor strategy. Dabrafenib, a type I inhibitor of BRAF interrupting RAF/MEK interaction, has been approved by FDA as a single agent or combined with MEK inhibitor trametinib for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600E mutation-positive advanced melanoma. In the present study, we investigated the feasibility of combined treatment with dabrafenib and sorafenib, type I and type II BRAF inhibitor respectively, on colorectal cancer cells with BRAF V600E mutation...
July 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508717/expanding-the-haitian-rehabilitation-workforce-employment-situation-and-perceptions-of-graduates-from-three-rehabilitation-technician-training-programs
#19
Nancy Descôteaux, Valérie Chagnon, Xin Di Dong, Eric Ellemo, Alessandra Hamelin, Evans Juste, Xavier Laplante, Allison Miron, Philippe Morency, Katherine Samuel, David Charles, Matthew Hunt
PURPOSE: This article examines the employment situation and perceptions of graduates from three rehabilitation technician (RT) programs in Haiti. METHODS: In this mixed method study, 74 of 93 recent graduates completed a questionnaire, and 20 graduates participated in an in-depth qualitative interview. We analyzed survey results using descriptive statistics. We used a qualitative description approach and analyzed the interviews using constant comparative techniques...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497097/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-educational-techniques-in-teaching-basic-arthroscopic-skills-in-a-low-income-country
#20
Abhiram R Bhashyam, Catherine Logan, Heather J Roberts, Rameez A Qudsi, Jacky Fils, George S M Dyer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how to introduce complex technologies like arthroscopy into low-income countries. Thus, we compared low- versus high-resource intensive methods of teaching basic arthroscopic skills in a randomized controlled trial in Haiti. METHODS: Forty-eight Haitian orthopaedic surgeons and residents attending an orthopaedic conference in Haiti were block randomized to receive instruction through a composite video (Control) or a composite video plus hands-on teaching with an expert visiting surgeon (Intervention)...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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