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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150186/articular-scaling-and-body-mass-estimation-in-platyrrhines-and-catarrhines-modern-variation-and-application-to-fossil-anthropoids
#1
Jonathan M G Perry, Siobhán B Cooke, Jacqueline A Runestad Connour, M Loring Burgess, Christopher B Ruff
Body mass is an important component of any paleobiological reconstruction. Reliable skeletal dimensions for making estimates are desirable but extant primate reference samples with known body masses are rare. We estimated body mass in a sample of extinct platyrrhines and Fayum anthropoids based on four measurements of the articular surfaces of the humerus and femur. Estimates were based on a large extant reference sample of wild-collected individuals with associated body masses, including previously published and new data from extant platyrrhines, cercopithecoids, and hominoids...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#2
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138650/evaluation-of-antibiotic-self-medication-among-outpatients-of-the-state-university-hospital-of-port-au-prince-haiti-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kenny Moise, Joseph Junior Bernard, Jean Hugues Henrys
In Haiti, where all drugs are available over the counter, self-medication with antibiotics appears as a common practice. Inappropriate use of beta-lactams and macrolides is likely to contribute to the development of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to (i) assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics, (ii) explore the contributing factors (age, gender and educational background) and (iii) identify specific antibiotic drug classes used among patients attending the outpatient clinic of the State University Hospital of Port-au-Prince...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#4
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082817/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-ptsd-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-haitian-migrants-in-southern-brazil
#5
Alice E Brunnet, Laura T Bolaséll, João LA Weber, Christian H Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of mental health disorders in migrants are controversial. The socio-historical and economic background of the host country may play an important role in the mental health status of migrants. As studies are mostly conducted in developed countries, researching migration in developing countries may add important information to scientific literature. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression symptoms in Haitian migrants in southern Brazil...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077499/human-immunodeficiency-virus-negative-associated-lymphangioma-like-kaposi-s-sarcoma-with-variable-clinical-presentationsa-case-report
#6
Georgios Kotzias, Modupe Agunbiade, Leon Isaac, Morteza Khaladj
Lymphangioma-like Kaposi's sarcoma (LLKS) is a rare histologic variant of KS. Kaposi's sarcoma is also known as human herpesvirus type 8. The clinical presentation of the LLKS lesion is highly unusual and similar to that of classic KS but with multinodular vascular tumors and lymphedema. We present a 63-year-old native Haitian man with multiple slowly progressive exophytic ulcerated lesions covering more than 60% of his left lower extremity with no systemic involvement. Much confusion surrounded the clinical presentation of these wounds, and we postulated several differential diagnoses...
September 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064361/strengthening-national-disease-surveillance-and-response-haiti-2010-2015
#7
Stanley Juin, Nicolas Schaad, Donald Lafontant, Gerard A Joseph, Ezra Barzilay, Jacques Boncy, Robert Barrais, Frantz Jean Louis, Nadia Lapierre Jean Charles, Salomon Corvil, Nickolsno Barthelemy, Amber Dismer, Jean Samuel Pierre, Roodly W Archer, Mayer Antoine, Barbara Marston, Mark Katz, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, David L Fitter, David Lowrance, Roopal Patel
Haiti's health system has faced many challenges over the years, with competing health priorities in the context of chronic financial and human resource limitations. As a result, the existing notifiable disease surveillance system was unable to provide the most basic epidemiologic data for public health decision-making and action. In the wake of the January 2010 earthquake, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population collaborated with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Pan American Health Organization, and other local and international partners to implement a functional national surveillance system...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064356/expansion-of-vaccination-services-and-strengthening-vaccine-preventable-diseases-surveillance-in-haiti-2010-2016
#8
Rania A Tohme, Jeannot Francois, Kathleen F Cavallaro, Gilson Paluku, Idrissa Yalcouye, Ernsley Jackson, Tracie Wright, Paul Adrien, Mark A Katz, Terri B Hyde, Pape Faye, Francine Kimanuka, Vance Dietz, John Vertefeuille, David Lowrance, Benjamin Dahl, Roopal Patel
Following the 2010 earthquake, Haiti was at heightened risk for vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) outbreaks due to the exacerbation of long-standing gaps in the vaccination program and subsequent risk of VPD importation from other countries. Therefore, partners supported the Haitian Ministry of Health and Population to improve vaccination services and VPD surveillance. During 2010-2016, three polio, measles, and rubella vaccination campaigns were implemented, achieving a coverage > 90% among children and maintaining Haiti free of those VPDs...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064354/building-and-rebuilding-the-national-public-health-laboratory-systems-and-services-before-and-after-the-earthquake-and-cholera-epidemic-haiti-2009-2015
#9
Frantz Jean Louis, Josiane Buteau, Jacques Boncy, Renette Anselme, Magalie Stanislas, Mary C Nagel, Stanley Juin, Macarthur Charles, Robert Burris, Eva Antoine, Chunfu Yang, Mireille Kalou, John Vertefeuille, Barbara J Marston, David W Lowrance, Varough Deyde
Before the 2010 devastating earthquake and cholera outbreak, Haiti's public health laboratory systems were weak and services were limited. There was no national laboratory strategic plan and only minimal coordination across the laboratory network. Laboratory capacity was further weakened by the destruction of over 25 laboratories and testing sites at the departmental and peripheral levels and the loss of life among the laboratory health-care workers. However, since 2010, tremendous progress has been made in building stronger laboratory infrastructure and training a qualified public health laboratory workforce across the country, allowing for decentralization of access to quality-assured services...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061521/effect-of-heparan-sulfate-mimetics-from-escherichia-coli-k5-polysaccharide-on-sdf-1-cxcl12-induced-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-vitro
#10
Haitian Fu, Chao Deng, Liping Teng, Zhi Cai, Jinghua Chen, Guozhong Lu
In tumorigenesis, CXCL12 level increases sharply because of tumor tissue hypoxia. As CXCR4 cells, endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are mobilized to tumor bed through the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis and are involved in tumor angiogenesis. In this process, either glycosaminoglycan (GAG) or heparan sulfate (HS) carried by membrane proteoglycans is implicated. Exogenous soluble HS mimetics can act as a competitive inhibitor of membranous HS, thereby preventing the formation of a normal signal axis. In this work, the effect of HS mimetics on the CXCL12-induced EPCs in vitro was investigated...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058456/cholera-control-and-anti-haitian-stigma-in-the-dominican-republic-from-migration-policy-to-lived-experience
#11
Hunter M Keys, Bonnie N Kaiser, Jenny W Foster, Matthew C Freeman, Rob Stephenson, Andrea J Lund, Brandon A Kohrt
As cholera spread from Haiti to the Dominican Republic, Haitian migrants, a largely undocumented and stigmatized population in Dominican society, became a focus of public health concern. Concurrent to the epidemic, the Dominican legislature enacted new documentation requirements. This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of anti-Haitian stigma in the Dominican Republic from June to August 2012. Eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with Haitian and Dominican community members. Five in-depth interviews were held with key informants in the migration policy sector...
October 23, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#12
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037294/diagnostic-yield-of-active-case-finding-for-tuberculosis-and-hiv-at-the-household-level-in-slums-in-haiti
#13
V R Rivera, M-A Jean-Juste, S C Gluck, H T Reeder, J Sainristil, P Julma, M Peck, P Joseph, O Ocheretina, C Perodin, R Secours, M Duran-Mendicuti, L Hashiguchi, P Y Cremieux, S P Koenig, J W Pape
SETTING: Haiti has the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the Americas, with an estimated prevalence of 254 per 100 000 population. The Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes, GHESKIO) conducted active case finding (ACF) for TB at the household level in nine slums in Port-au-Prince. OBJECTIVE: We report on the prevalence of undiagnosed TB detected through GHESKIO's ACF campaign...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026358/medicine-in-society-health-project-five-students-journey-to-a-resource-limited-clinic-in-the-haitian-countryside
#14
Aneesh Gupta, Marie Claire Lamb, John Sisney, Chantel Taylor, Timothy Ziethen, Yvens Laborde
BACKGROUND: Five medical students traveled with 4 doctors and a medical photographer to Mayaya, La Victoire, Haiti, as part of a Medicine in Society rotation to provide medical care to the indigenous population. METHODS: Preparation for the trip involved special study in identifying microbes and using blood analysis equipment; work in a clinic for underserved people in the New Orleans, LA, area; background reading; Haitian dialect classes; and development of ideas for streamlining clinic operations...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023139/sheltering-haitian-humanitarian-parolees-in-san-diego-a-local-health-department-s-response-to-an-international-crisis
#15
Catherine L Blaser, Christine Murto
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983011/complete-genomic-sequence-of-dengue-virus-serotype-4-isolated-from-plasma-collected-from-a-haitian-child-in-2014
#16
Maha A Elbadry, Sarah K White, Julia C Loeb, Massimiliano S Tagliamonte, Marco Salemi, Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars, Taina Telisma, Mohammed Rashid, J Glenn Morris, John A Lednicky
While data are limited, there is increasing evidence that infections by dengue viruses are endemic in Haiti. In 2014, an outbreak caused by dengue virus 4 (DENV-4) followed a chikungunya fever outbreak. We present here the complete genome sequence of one isolate grouped within the genotype II South America and Caribbean DENV-4 clades.
October 5, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977553/transcription-translation-coupling-direct-interactions-of-rna-polymerase-with-ribosomes-and-ribosomal-subunits
#17
Haitian Fan, Adam B Conn, Preston B Williams, Stephen Diggs, Joseph Hahm, Howard B Gamper, Ya-Ming Hou, Seán E O'Leary, Yinsheng Wang, Gregor M Blaha
In prokaryotes, RNA polymerase and ribosomes can bind concurrently to the same RNA transcript, leading to the functional coupling of transcription and translation. The interactions between RNA polymerase and ribosomes are crucial for the coordination of transcription with translation. Here, we report that RNA polymerase directly binds ribosomes and isolated large and small ribosomal subunits. RNA polymerase and ribosomes form a one-to-one complex with a micromolar dissociation constant. The formation of the complex is modulated by the conformational and functional states of RNA polymerase and the ribosome...
August 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976114/economic-determinants-of-breastfeeding-in-haiti-the-effects-of-poverty-food-insecurity-and-employment-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-an-urban-population
#18
Carolyn Lesorogol, Caitlin Bond, Sherlie Jean Louis Dulience, Lora Iannotti
There is limited and inconsistent empirical evidence regarding the role of economic factors in breastfeeding practices, globally. Studies have found both negative and positive associations between low income and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Employment, which should improve household income, may reduce EBF due to separation of mother and infant. In the context of a randomized controlled study of lipid-based complementary feeding in an urban slum in Cap Haitien, Haiti, we examined the economic factors influencing breastfeeding practices using mixed methods...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973643/tacrolimus-rescues-the-signaling-and-gene-expression-signature-of-endothelial-alk1-loss-of-function-and-improves-hht-vascular-pathology
#19
Santiago Ruiz, Pallavi Chandakkar, Haitian Zhao, Julien Papoin, Prodyot K Chatterjee, Erica Christen, Christine N Metz, Lionel Blanc, Fabien Campagne, Philippe Marambaud
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a highly debilitating and life-threatening genetic vascular disorder arising from endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and hypervascularization, for which no cure exists. Because HHT is caused by loss-of-function mutations in BMP9-ALK1-Smad1/5/8 signaling, interventions aimed at activating this pathway are of therapeutic value. We interrogated the whole-transcriptome in human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs) and found that ALK1 signaling inhibition was associated with a specific pro-angiogenic gene expression signature, which included a significant elevation of DLL4 expression...
September 14, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959120/examining-the-unique-characteristics-of-a-non-probability-sample-of-undocumented-female-sex-workers-with-dependent-children-the-case-of-haitians-in-the-dominican-republic
#20
Christine Tagliaferri Rael, Alan Sheinfil, Karen Hampanda, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Andrea Norcini Pala, William Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Sexuality & Culture
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