keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Haitian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340166/complete-blood-count-reference-ranges-from-a-rural-haitian-ambulatory-care-clinic
#1
Robert F Downey
Background: At rural healthcare centers in developing countries, it is difficult to recruit healthy individuals for reference range studies. So, in this study, I evaluated complete blood count (CBC) data to determine reference ranges for a rural Haitian population. Methods: A convenience sample of laboratory records was reviewed to obtain CBC results for 157 adult patients with normal screening examination results. Central 95% reference ranges were determined for male and female subjects...
March 10, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337738/does-birth-under-registration-reduce-childhood-immunization-evidence-from-the-dominican-republic
#2
Steve Brito, Ana Corbacho, Rene Osorio
The consequences of lacking birth certificates remain largely unexplored in the economic literature. We intend to fill this knowledge gap studying the effect of lacking birth certificates on immunization of children in the Dominican Republic. This is an interesting country because a significant number of children of Haitian descent face the consequences of lacking proper documentation. We use the distance to the civil registry office and the mother's document of identification as instrumental variables of the child's birth certificate...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334355/a-zoom-focus-algorithm-zfa-to-locate-the-optimal-testing-region-for-rare-variant-association-tests
#3
Maggie Haitian Wang, Haoyi Weng, Rui Sun, Jack Lee, William Ka Kei Wu, Ka Chun Chong, Benny Chung-Ying Zee
Motivation: Increasing amounts of whole exome or genome sequencing data present the challenge of analysing rare variants with extremely small minor allele frequencies. Various statistical tests have been proposed, which are specifically configured to increase power for rare variants by conducting the test within a certain bin, such as a gene or a pathway. However, a gene may contain from several to thousands of markers, and not all of them are related to the phenotype. Combining functional and non-functional variants in an arbitrary genomic region could impair the testing power...
March 11, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291386/occurrence-of-toxigenic-fungi-and-aflatoxin-potential-of-aspergillus-spp-strains-associated-with-subsistence-farmed-crops-in-haiti
#4
Junior Aristil, Giovanni Venturini, Alberto Spada
Subsistence farming and poor storage facilities favor toxigenic fungal contamination and mycotoxin accumulation in staple foods from tropical countries such as Haiti. The present preliminary study was designed to evaluate the occurrence of toxigenic fungi in Haitian foodstuffs to define the mycotoxin risk associated with Haitian crops. The objectives of this research were to determine the distribution of toxigenic fungi in the Haitian crops maize, moringa, and peanut seeds and to screen Aspergillus section Flavi (ASF) isolates for production of aflatoxins B1 and G1 in vitro...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282947/disparity-in-retention-in-care-and-viral-suppression-for-black-caribbean-born-immigrants-living-with-hiv-in-florida
#5
Elena Cyrus, Christyl Dawson, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Daniel E Mauck, Mariana Sanchez, Lorene M Maddox, Mary Jo Trepka
(1) The study aim was to assess disparities in non-retention in HIV care and non-viral suppression among non-Hispanic Black Caribbean immigrants living with HIV in Florida. (2) We analyzed cases involving individuals, aged ≥13, who met CDC HIV case definition during 2000-2014. Chi square test was used to evaluate differences in non-retention and non-viral suppression by country of origin/race/ethnicity. Multilevel logistic regressions with three referent groups [US-born Blacks, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs)] were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282245/live-with-the-disease-like-you-used-to-before-you-knew-you-were-infected-a-qualitative-study-among-10-year-survivors-living-with-hiv-in-haiti
#6
Samuel Pierre, Vanessa Riviera, Circee Phara Jean, Marie Jude Jean Louis, Lindsey K Reif, Patrice Severe, Vanessa Rouzier, Warren D Johnson, Jean W Pape, Daniel W Fitzgerald, Margaret L McNairy, Carla Boutin-Foster
In 2003, the Haitian Study Group on Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), a nonprofit organization, began administering antiretroviral therapy (ART) to its patients. This practice transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a more manageable chronic condition. However, relatively few studies focus on the experiences of survivors. This study provided a unique opportunity to interview patients who survived at least 10 years after being treated with ART at GHESKIO. The goal of the study was to elicit from patients their perspectives on what enabled them to survive with AIDS...
March 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264045/art-attrition-and-risk-factors-among-option-b-patients-in-haiti-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Nancy Puttkammer, Jean Wysler Domerçant, Michelle Adler, Krista Yuhas, Martine Myrtil, Paul Young, Kesner François, Reynold Grand'Pierre, David Lowrance
OBJECTIVES: In October 2012, the Haitian Ministry of Health endorsed the "Option B+" strategy to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and achieve HIV epidemic control. The objective of this paper is to assess and identify risk factors for attrition from the national ART program among Option B+ patients in the 12 months after ART initiation. DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included patients newly initiating ART from October 2012-August 2013 at 68 ART sites covering 45% of all newly enrolled ART patients in all regions of Haiti...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250531/assessing-the-quality-of-primary-care-in-haiti
#8
Anna D Gage, Hannah H Leslie, Asaf Bitton, J Gregory Jerome, Roody Thermidor, Jean Paul Joseph, Margaret E Kruk
OBJECTIVE: To develop a composite measure of primary care quality and apply it to Haiti's primary care system. METHODS: Using the Primary Health Care Performance Initiative's framework, we defined four domains of primary care service delivery: (i) accessible care; (ii) effective service delivery; (iii) management and organization; and (iv) primary care functions. We gave each primary care facility in Haiti a quality score for each domain and overall, with poor, fair and good quality indicated by scores of 0...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235883/ethical-questions-identified-in-a-study-of-local-and-expatriate-responders-perspectives-of-vulnerability-in-the-2010-haiti-earthquake
#9
Evelyne Durocher, Ryoa Chung, Christiane Rochon, Jean-Hugues Henrys, Catherine Olivier, Matthew Hunt
BACKGROUND: Situations of disaster that prompt international humanitarian responses are rife with ethical tensions. The 2010 Haiti earthquake caused great destruction and prompted a massive humanitarian response. The widespread needs experienced by the population and the scale of the response inevitably rendered priority-setting difficult, and gave rise to ethical challenges. PURPOSE: This paper presents four ethical questions identified in the analysis of a study on vulnerability and equity in the humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222682/a-statistical-method-utilizing-information-of-imported-cases-to-estimate-the-transmissibility-for-an-influenza-pandemic
#10
Ka Chun Chong, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Maggie Haitian Wang
BACKGROUND: In a new influenza pandemic, travel data such as arrival times of cases seeded by the originating country can be regarded as a combination of the epidemic size and the mobility networks of infections connecting the originating country with other regions. It can be a complete and timely source for estimating the basic reproduction number (R 0 ), a key indicator of disease transmissibility. METHOD: In this study, we developed a likelihood-based method using arrival times of infected cases in different countries to estimate R 0 for influenza pandemics...
February 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212544/protective-effect-of-dhea-on-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-damage-and-apoptosis-in-primary-rat-leydig-cells
#11
Xiao Ding, Lei Yu, Chongyang Ge, Haitian Ma
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is widely used as a nutritional supplement due to its putative anti-aging properties. However, the effect of DHEA in Leydig cells, a major target cell of DHEA biotransformation in male, are not clear. The present study aimed to investigate the preventative effect of DHEA on oxidative damage and apoptosis after H2O2 treatment in Leydig cells. The results showed that DHEA treatment attenuated the reduction of cell viability induced by H2O2. No differences were observed on the superoxide anion (O2-) content, while DHEA treatment decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and hydroxyl radical (•OH) content in H2O2-treated Leydig cells...
February 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207688/transmission-of-zika-virus-haiti-october-12-2015-september-10-2016
#12
Ito Journel, Lesly L Andrécy, Dudley Metellus, Jean S Pierre, Rose Murka Faublas, Stanley Juin, Amber M Dismer, David L Fitter, Daniel Neptune, Marie José Laraque, Salomon Corvil, Manise Pierre, Josiane Buteau, Donald Lafontant, Roopal Patel, Jean Frantz Lemoine, David W Lowrance, Macarthur Charles, Jacques Boncy, Paul Adrien
Zika virus disease is caused by infection with a flavivirus with broad geographic distribution and is most frequently transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease was first identified in the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas in 2015 and was followed by a surge in reported cases of congenital microcephaly in Brazil; Zika virus disease rapidly spread to the rest of the region and the Caribbean (1), including Haiti. Infection with the virus is associated with adverse fetal outcomes (1) and rare neurologic complications in adults...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192523/bead-based-immunoassay-allows-sub-picogram-detection-of-histidine-rich-protein-2-from-plasmodium-falciparum-and-estimates-reliability-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests
#13
Eric Rogier, Mateusz Plucinski, Naomi Lucchi, Kimberly Mace, Michelle Chang, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Baltazar Candrinho, James Colborn, Rafael Dimbu, Filomeno Fortes, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, John Barnwell
Detection of histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) from the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum provides evidence for active or recent infection, and is utilized for both diagnostic and surveillance purposes, but current laboratory immunoassays for HRP2 are hindered by low sensitivities and high costs. Here we present a new HRP2 immunoassay based on antigen capture through a bead-based system capable of detecting HRP2 at sub-picogram levels. The assay is highly specific and cost-effective, allowing fast processing and screening of large numbers of samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152996/quality-and-uptake-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-haiti
#14
Kelsey R Mirkovic, Eva Lathrop, Erin N Hulland, Reginald Jean-Louis, Daniel Lauture, Ghislaine Desinor D'Alexis, Endang Hanzel, Reynold Grand-Pierre
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement, maternal mortality in Haiti remains high at 359/100,000 live births. Improving access to high quality antenatal and postnatal care has been shown to reduce maternal mortality and improve newborn outcomes. Little is known regarding the quality and uptake of antenatal and postnatal care among Haitian women. METHODS: Exit interviews were conducted with all pregnant and postpartum women seeking care from large health facilities (n = 10) in the Nord and Nord-Est department and communes of St...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146335/women-s-and-healthcare-workers-beliefs-and-experiences-surrounding-abortion-the-case-of-haiti
#15
Laura Dean Albuja, Rosina Cianelli, Debbie Anglade, Brenda Owusu, Laly Joseph, Sonique Sailsman, Lilian Ferrer
PURPOSE: Women in developing countries usually encounter serious inequities in terms of women's health. To date, there is limited understanding of abortion from the perspective of Haitian women. As a limited-resource country, Haiti faces complex social issues and healthcare challenges. With abortion being illegal, many adult and teenage women seek clandestine abortions. The aim of this study was to explore and gain a greater understanding of women's and healthcare workers' beliefs and experiences about abortion in Haiti...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134005/chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-screening-and-treatment-of-pregnant-women-in-port-au-prince-haiti
#16
Claire C Bristow, Patricia Mathelier, Oksana Ocheretina, Daphne Benoit, Jean W Pape, Adriane Wynn, Jeffrey D Klausner
In Haiti, routine screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among pregnant women is not conducted; yet these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with adverse birth and newborn health outcomes. We aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of screening and the prevalence of STIs among pregnant women in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Pregnant women of at least 18 years of age who attend Haitian Study Group for Kaposi's sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO) clinics in Port-au-Prince, Haiti provided self-collected vaginal swab specimens...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129137/tracking-disease-digital-epidemiology-offers-new-promise-in-predicting-outbreaks
#17
Mary Bates
On 19 October 2010, ten months after a devastating earthquake hit Haiti, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) was notified of a sudden surge in patients suffering from watery diarrhea and dehydration. Two days later, the Haiti National Public Health Laboratory identified the culprit: Vibrio cholerae. On 22 October, officials announced the first cholera outbreak in Haiti in more than a century.
January 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114652/feasibility-of-fecal-immunochemical-testing-among-hispanic-and-haitian-immigrants-living-in-south-florida
#18
Natasha Schaefer Solle, Daniel A Sussman, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Julia Seay, Jordan Baeker-Bispo, Erin N Kobetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111146/interpreting-the-transmissibility-of-measles-in-two-different-post-periods-of-supplementary-immunization-activities-in-hubei-china
#19
Ka Chun Chong, Chi Zhang, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Tongyong Luo, Lei Wang, Greta Chun Huen Tam, Katherine Min Jia, Riyang Sun, Maggie Haitian Wang, Xuhua Guan
Although evidence has shown that supplementary immunization activity (SIA) campaigns greatly reduce the incidence of measles, their effects on disease transmissibility have seldom been monitored. A great decrease in the number of cases may be a false signal of early success towards measles elimination to policy makers. By interpreting the transmissibility in two different post-SIA periods in Hubei, China, the current study showed sustained measles transmissions despite a reduced number of cases. Two population-based cross-sectional serological surveys of measles antibodies were conducted in Hubei province in mid-2010 and mid-2011 after the implementation of SIAs...
January 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109483/otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-in-a-low-income-country-the-haitian-experience
#20
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David Walmer, Mack L Cheney, Anna H Messner
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries. Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH). This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
7978
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"