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Facial asymmetry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446701/endoscopic-excision-of-benign-facial-masses-in-children-a-review-of-outcomes
#1
Deshka Foster, Tiffany J Sinclair, Jordan S Taylor, Sanjeev Dutta, Hermann P Lorenz, Matias Bruzoni
PURPOSE: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. We reviewed our center's experience with endoscopic removal of benign facial lesions and compared these cases with an equivalent series of open cases...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437505/cleft-skeletal-asymmetry-asymmetry-index-classification-and-application
#2
Delnaz S Patel, Rachel Jacobson, Yao Duan, Linping Zhao, David Morris, Mimis N Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively measure the extent of 3D asymmetry of the facial skeleton in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) using an asymmetry index (AI) approach, and to illustrate the applicability of the index in guiding and measuring treatment outcome. METHOD: Two groups of subjects between the ages of 15 and 20 who had archived CBCT scan were included in this study. Twenty-five patients with complete UCLP were compared with 50 age-matched noncleft subjects...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428084/corrigendum-to-directional-asymmetry-of-facial-and-limb-traits-in-horses-and-ponies-vet-j-198-2013-e46-51
#3
K Leśniak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419598/occlusion-fit-three-dimensional-printed-zygoma-repositioner
#4
Jinyong Cho, Jae-Sung Kwon, Ui-Lyong Lee
Reduction malarplasty is utilized to reshape the facial form into an oval shape. However, complications and unfavorable results in reduction malarplasty have been reported. Reoperation of a nonunion malar complex is difficult relative to the achievement of a satisfactory outcome using the intraoral approach with a narrow surgical field because the normal anatomy has been destroyed, and previous surgery may have caused asymmetry. In this situation, computer-aided simulation surgery and surgical guides can serve as effective solutions to overcome the limitations of reoperative malarplasty using the intraoral approach...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407505/role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-a-large-field-of-view-in-goldenhar-syndrome
#5
Cosimo Nardi, Luisa De Falco, Valeria Selvi, Chiara Lorini, Linda Calistri, Stefano Colagrande
INTRODUCTION: Goldenhar syndrome is a rare disease with hemifacial microsomia and craniofacial disorders originating from the first and second branchial arches, such as ocular, auricular, and vertebral anomalies. The complexity and variety of the ways in which the disease presents itself usually need several examinations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate both craniofacial and vertebral skeletal anomalies and asymmetries between the nonaffected and affected sides in patients with Goldenhar syndrome by using cone-beam computed tomography...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407498/no-association-between-types-of-unilateral-mandibular-condylar-abnormalities-and-facial-asymmetry-in-orthopedic-treated-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
Peter Bangsgaard Stoustrup, Nicole Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Lehn, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Linda Z Arvidsson, Marinka Twilt, Paolo M Cattaneo, Annelise Küseler, Anne Estmann Christensen, Troels Herlin, Thomas Klit Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Dentofacial asymmetries are often observed in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvements. The aim of this split-face study was to associate types of radiologic TMJ abnormalities with the degree of dentofacial asymmetry in patients with unilateral TMJ involvements assessed with cone-beam computed tomography. METHODS: Forty-seven JIA patients and 19 nonarthritic control subjects were included in the study...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387666/the-role-of-lingual-bone-grafting-in-the-treatment-of-displaced-edentulous-mandibular-fracture-with-severe-atrophy
#7
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Introduction: Treatment of edentulous atrophic mandible with severe atrophy is a challenge based on local conditions and systemic diseases confronted by the age group affected. If bone grafting is indicated, it is often used in lateral or inferior aspects of the mandible. Case Report: A 70-year-old male with a unilateral fracture of the atrophied left mandibular body was managed by lingual bone grafting and inferior border miniplate fixation to prevent two common problems after fracture healing; the need for plate removal before denture fabrication and facial asymmetry in the unilateral body fracture...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387305/craniomaxillofacial-fibrous-dysplasia-conservative-treatment-and-maxillary-osteotomy-using-the-schuchardt-kufner-technique
#8
Manlio Galiè, Giulia Carnevali, Giovanni Elia, Massimo Pedriali, Luigi C Clauser
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a disturbance of the mesenchymal tissue that accounts for 2.5% of all bone tumors and more than 7% of nonmalignant bone tumors. In the craniomaxillofacial region, FD affects the calvaria, skull base, zygoma, and jaws, the prevalent site being the maxilla (50% of cases). Therapy for craniomaxillofacial FD is surgical. The goals of surgery are to prevent functional disorders and restore facial symmetry, volume, and contour. In this article, we present a case of a young female patient affected by right orbital-zygomatic-maxillary FD...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384393/intralesional-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-eccrine-hidrocystomas
#9
Mehdi Gheisari, Behnaz Hamedani, RezaM Robati, Nikoo Mozafari
BACKGROUND: Multiple eccrine hidrocystomas (MEH) are benign cystic lesions of the sweat gland ducts. They are characterized by translucent, skin-colored or bluish dome-shaped papules on the face, causing cosmetic concern. Recently, botulinum toxin-A, because of its antiperspirant properties, has been used to treat facial MEH. However, there are only some case reports in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Here, we conducted a prospective study to assess the efficacy and safety of intralesional injection of botulinum toxin-A (Dysport) for the treatment of MEH...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381639/condylar-hyperplasia-in-a-monozygotic-twin-girl-an-argument-about-etiology
#10
Douglas Rangel Goulart, Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez, Rodrigo Fariña, Sergio Olate
The diagnosis of unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) requires a combined assessment consisting of clinical, radiological, and histopathological examination. The etiology of this condition is unknown. The purpose of this study is to report a rare case of UCH in a monozygotic twin. A 15-year-old girl was referred to our department complaining of facial asymmetry and malocclusion. Computed tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography imaging reveal enlargement of the left condyle and condylar neck, and an increased uptake that was diagnosed as active UCH...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381618/cone-beam-computed-tomography-based-three-dimensional-mcnamara-cephalometric-analysis
#11
Rodrigo Mologni Gonçalves Dos Santos, José Mario De Martino, Francisco Haiter Neto, Luis Augusto Passeri
This article introduces a method that extends the McNamara cephalometric analysis to produce 3-dimensional (3D) measurement values from cone-beam computed tomography images. In the extended method, the cephalometric landmarks are represented by 3D points; the bilateral cephalometric landmarks are identified on both sides of the skull; the cephalometric lines, with the exception of the facial axis, are represented by 3D lines; the cephalometric planes, with the exception of the facial plane, are represented by planes; the effective mandibular length, the effective midfacial length, and the lower anterior facial height are measured as 3D point-to-point distances; the nasion perpendicular to point A, the pogonion to nasion perpendicular, the upper incisor to point A vertical, and the lower incisor to point A-pogonion line are measured each as components of a vector; the facial axis angle is measured as a line-to-plane angle; and the mandibular plane angle is measured as a plane-to-plane angle...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376479/tooth-loss-and-craniofacial-factors-associated-with-changes-in-mandibular-condylar-morphology
#12
Vandilson Pinheiro Rodrigues, Benedito Viana Freitas, Izabel Cristina Vieira de Oliveira, Pedro César Fernandes Dos Santos, Heloiza Viana Freitas de Melo, Jose Bosio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between tooth loss and craniofacial factors with changes in mandibular condylar morphology. METHODS: A total of 123 patients participated in this cross-sectional study. The mandibular condylar morphology was evaluated using digital panoramic radiography. The exposure variables included gender, age group, molar relationship, facial growth pattern, facial asymmetry, dental midline, posterior crossbite, presence of fixed dental prosthesis, and tooth loss...
January 29, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373407/the-individualized-facelift-technique-in-improving-facial-asymmetry-for-asian-patients
#13
Pan Zhang, Bing Sui, Lihong Ren, Jenny Yang, Xu Ma, Qingchun Li, Daping Yang
PURPOSE: Among multiple influential factors affecting facial symmetry, the role of soft tissue is often overlooked. Skin and skeletal differences between Asian and Caucasian people also require the adaptation of current techniques for Asian patients. This article aimed to explore the ability of individual facelift techniques to improve facial symmetry and reset youthful eye in Asian people, while a new method, called the grid method, was tried to evaluate the improvement in facial symmetry...
January 25, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369906/primary-repair-in-patients-with-unilateral-complete-cleft-of-lip-and-primary-palate-assessment-of-outcomes
#14
Shiaw-Yu Chang, Daniel Lonic, Betty Chien-Jung Pai, Lun-Jou Lo
OBJECTIVE: Asymmetry of median facial structures is a major concern for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate, and the principal goal of its treatment is to restore symmetry. Unilateral complete cleft of lip and primary palate (UCCLPP) is an uncommon subgroup and rarely reported. Patients with UCCLPP have protruding and deviating premaxilla, rendering a primary repair difficult. This study evaluated consecutive patients with UCCLPP and presented their treatment outcome. METHODS: We assessed 36 patients with UCCLPP and collected clinical information...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368383/clinical-and-cytogenomic-findings-in-oav-spectrum
#15
Silvia Bragagnolo, Mileny E S Colovati, Malu Z Souza, Anelise G Dantas, Maria F F de Soares, Maria I Melaragno, Ana B Perez
The oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (OAVS) is characterized by anomalies involving the development of the first and second pharyngeal arches during the embryonic period. The phenotype is highly heterogeneous, involving ears, eyes, face, neck, and other systems and organs. There is no agreement in the literature for the minimum phenotypic inclusion criteria, but the primary phenotype involves hemifacial microsomia with facial asymmetry and microtia. Most cases are sporadic and the etiology of this syndrome is not well known...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351035/conscious-perception-of-facial-asymmetry-in-a-unilateral-cleft-lip-model
#16
Allison M Dobbie, Ralph C Ward, Samuel L Oyer, Lewis J Overton, Elizabeth G Hill, Krishna G Patel
OBJECTIVE: Lip asymmetry after a unilateral cleft lip repair can be perceived as an unsatisfactory result. The objective of this study is to determine the degree of upper lip asymmetry and/or nasal alar hooding required for recognition of asymmetry in a simulated model of unilateral cleft lip. DESIGN: A model of unilateral cleft lip was created using digital morphing software to simulate asymmetries in vermilion height and nasal hooding in photographs of children...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346049/microphthalmia-corneal-dermoids-and-congenital-anomalies-resembling-goldenhar-syndrome-in-a-cat
#17
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343858/developmental-pathways-inferred-from-modularity-morphological-integration-and-fluctuating-asymmetry-patterns-in-the-human-face
#18
Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez, Francesc Muñoz-Muñoz, Jorge Gomez-Valdes, Celia Cintas, Pablo Navarro, Caio Cesar Silva de Cerqueira, Carolina Paschetta, Soledad de Azevedo, Virginia Ramallo, Victor Acuña-Alonzo, Kaustubh Adhikari, Macarena Fuentes-Guajardo, Tábita Hünemeier, Paola Everardo, Francisco de Avila, Claudia Jaramillo, Williams Arias, Carla Gallo, Giovani Poletti, Gabriel Bedoya, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Francisco Rothhammer, Javier Rosique, Andres Ruiz-Linares, Rolando Gonzalez-Jose
Facial asymmetries are usually measured and interpreted as proxies to developmental noise. However, analyses focused on its developmental and genetic architecture are scarce. To advance on this topic, studies based on a comprehensive and simultaneous analysis of modularity, morphological integration and facial asymmetries including both phenotypic and genomic information are needed. Here we explore several modularity hypotheses on a sample of Latin American mestizos, in order to test if modularity and integration patterns differ across several genomic ancestry backgrounds...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342029/association-of-involutional-lower-eyelid-entropion-with-reduced-upper-eyelid-position-relative-to-the-corneal-light-reflex-quantification-of-facial-asymmetry
#19
Paul O Phelps, Edward J Wladis, Dale R Meyer
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between upper eyelid position relative to the corneal light reflex (MRD1) and to delineate an association between eyelid height and involutional lower eyelid entropion. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients presenting for entropion repair to an academic ophthalmic plastic surgery service. A total of 111 patients were included in the study; 95 had unilateral involutional lower eyelid entropion, and 16 had bilateral lower eyelid entropion...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338280/variable-skeletal-anatomical-features-of-acromegaly-in-the-skull-and-craniocervical-junction
#20
Maria Piagkou, Othon Manolakos, Theodore Troupis, Nikolaos Lazaridis, Konstantinos Laios, Alexandros Samolis, Konstantinos Natsis
OBJECTIVE: This study adds important information regarding the morphological alterations caused by growth hormone hypersecretion in the skull and craniocervical junction (CCJ). A variably asymmetric skull due to acromegaly coexists with expansion of the paranasal sinuses and multiple Wormian bones. CASE REPORT: A pathologically asymmetric dry skull of a European male, aged 38 years at death, with cranial vault and skull base thickening is described. The extensive paranasal sinus pneumatization caused a generalized thinning of the bony walls...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
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