keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346680/human-papillomavirus-in-cervical-cancer-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-one-cause-two-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Tara A Berman, John T Schiller
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes greater than 5% of cancers worldwide, including all cervical cancers and an alarmingly increasing proportion of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs). Despite markedly reduced cervical cancer incidence in industrialized nations with organized screening programs, cervical cancer remains the second most common cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, as developing countries lack resources for universal, high-quality screening. In the United States, HPV-related OPC is only 1 of 5 cancers with a rising incidence since 1975 and now has taken over the cervix as the most common site of HPV-related cancer...
March 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346599/genomics-health-disparities-and-missed-opportunities-for-the-nation-s-research-agenda
#2
Kathleen McGlone West, Erika Blacksher, Wylie Burke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346524/rare-mutations-and-potentially-damaging-missense-variants-in-genes-encoding-fibrillar-collagens-and-proteins-involved-in-their-production-are-candidates-for-risk-for-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#3
Bhavi P Modi, Maria E Teves, Laurel N Pearson, Hardik I Parikh, Piya Chaemsaithong, Nihar U Sheth, Timothy P York, Roberto Romero, Jerome F Strauss
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is the leading identifiable cause of preterm birth with ~ 40% of preterm births being associated with PPROM and occurs in 1% - 2% of all pregnancies. We hypothesized that multiple rare variants in fetal genes involved in extracellular matrix synthesis would associate with PPROM, based on the assumption that impaired elaboration of matrix proteins would reduce fetal membrane tensile strength, predisposing to unscheduled rupture. We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) on neonatal DNA derived from pregnancies complicated by PPROM (49 cases) and healthy term deliveries (20 controls) to identify candidate mutations/variants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346182/social-otitis-media-ear-infection-and-disparity-in-australia
#4
Georgina Kenyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346131/lack-of-diversity-in-personal-health-record-evaluations-with-older-adult-participants-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
Laura Kneale, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Older adults are not adopting personal health records (PHRs) at the same rates as other adult populations. Disparities in adoption rates are also reported in older adult subgroups. The variability in adoption may be because PHRs are not designed to meet older adult users. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed PHR evaluation studies to examine the characteristics and perspectives of older adult study participants to identify their self-reported needs. METHOD: We searched Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase for PHR evaluation studies that involved older adult participants...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346109/assessing-process-of-paediatric-care-in-a-resource-limited-setting-a-cross-sectional-audit-of-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#6
Celestin Hategeka, Jeannie Shoveller, Lisine Tuyisenge, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Routine assessment of quality of care helps identify deficiencies which need to be improved. While gaps in the emergency care of children have been documented across sub-Saharan Africa, data from Rwanda are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the care of sick infants and children admitted to Rwandan district hospitals and the extent to which it follows currently recommended clinical practice guidelines in Rwanda. METHODS: Data were gathered during a retrospective cross-sectional audit of eight district hospitals across Rwanda in 2012/2013...
March 27, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345917/enantiodivergent-synthesis-of-tertiary-%C3%AE-aryl-1-indanones-evidence-toward-disparate-mechanisms-in-the-palladium-catalyzed-decarboxylative-asymmetric-protonation
#7
Cian Kingston, Patrick J Guiry
Herein, we describe a study into the scope and origin of an enantiodivergent effect in the palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative asymmetric protonation. By switching the achiral proton source, both enantiomers of a series of tertiary α-aryl-1-indanones are readily accessed from the corresponding α-aryl-β-keto allyl esters. In this example of dual stereocontrol, enantioselectivities up to 94% (S) and 92% (R) were achieved using Meldrum's acid and formic acid, respectively. In an attempt to rationalize this switch in absolute configuration an investigation of the ambiguous mechanism of the decarboxylative asymmetric protonation was conducted...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345764/the-tarsal-metatarsal-complex-of-caviomorph-rodents-anatomy-and-functional-adaptive-analysis
#8
Adriana M Candela, Nahuel A Muñoz, César M García-Esponda
Caviomorph rodents represent a major adaptive radiation of Neotropical mammals. They occupy a variety of ecological niches, which is also reflected in their wide array of locomotor behaviors. It is expected that this radiation would be mirrored by an equivalent disparity of tarsal-metatarsal morphology. Here, the tarsal-metatarsal complex of Erethizontidae, Cuniculidae, Dasyproctidae, Caviidae, Chinchillidae, Octodontidae, Ctenomyidae, and Echimyidae was examined, in order to evaluate its anatomical variation and functional-adaptive relevance in relation to locomotor behaviors...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345673/sex-dependent-effects-on-gut-microbiota-regulate-hepatic-carcinogenic-outcomes
#9
Guoxiang Xie, Xiaoning Wang, Aihua Zhao, Jingyu Yan, Wenlian Chen, Runqiu Jiang, Junfang Ji, Fengjie Huang, Yunjing Zhang, Sha Lei, Kun Ge, Xiaojiao Zheng, Cynthia Rajani, Rosanna A Alegado, Jiajian Liu, Ping Liu, Jeremy Nicholson, Wei Jia
Emerging evidence points to a strong association between sex and gut microbiota, bile acids (BAs), and gastrointestinal cancers. Here, we investigated the mechanistic link between microbiota and hepatocellular carcinogenesis using a streptozotocin-high fat diet (STZ-HFD) induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-hepatocellular carcinoma (NASH-HCC) murine model and compared results for both sexes. STZ-HFD feeding induced a much higher incidence of HCC in male mice with substantially increased intrahepatic retention of hydrophobic BAs and decreased hepatic expression of tumor-suppressive microRNAs...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345246/effect-of-history-and-context-on-forensic-pathologist-interpretation-of-photographs-of-patterned-injury-of-the-skin
#10
William R Oliver
In a previous study, a survey-based analysis of pathologist diagnoses of patterned injury was performed. Subjects were provided with photographs of "classic" injuries and asked to diagnose the lesion in the absence of history or context. There was a relatively low diagnostic consensus among respondents. A second survey suggested that the disparate answers were not due to a strong belief in different diagnoses, but instead reflected how the respondents dealt with ambiguity. A third survey was created that asked participants to evaluate patterned injuries of the skin, but provided history and contextual information...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345210/geographic-disparities-in-availability-of-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-for-medicaid-enrollees
#11
Amanda J Abraham, Christina M Andrews, Marissa E Yingling, Jerry Shannon
OBJECTIVE: To examine county-level geographic variation in treatment admissions among opioid treatment programs (OTPs) that accept Medicaid in the continental United States. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data come from the 2012 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services. STUDY DESIGN/DATA COLLECTION: We used local measures of spatial autocorrelation (LISA) analysis to identify (1) clusters of counties with higher and lower than average rates of opioid use disorders and (2) clusters of counties with higher and lower than average treatment admissions among OTPs that accept Medicaid, adjusting for county population size...
March 27, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345187/novel-biomarkers-for-prostate-cancer-an-evidence-based-review-for-use-in-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Vikram M Narayan, Badrinath R Konety, Christopher Warlick
Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease with disparate outcomes. Traditional clinical parameters are limited in their ability to differentiate between these cases, and there is uncertainty regarding management strategies. A number of novel biomarkers have emerged, but how best to use them at the point of care remains confusing. In the present review, we describe the most common novel biomarkers, their key supporting literature, and propose a meaningful algorithm for their use in clinical practice. To identify commercially available prostate cancer diagnostic tests, we carried out a PubMed literature search (through May 2016)...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344644/strategies-for-using-nanoprobes-to-perceive-and-treat-cancer-activity-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Byunghoon Kang, Aastha Kukreja, Daesub Song, Yong-Min Huh, Seungjoo Haam
Nanomedicine has seen a significant increase in research on stimuli-responsive activatable nanoprobes for tumor-specific delivery and diagnosis. The tumor microenvironment has particular characteristics that can be exploited to implement therapeutic strategies based on disparities between normal tissues and tumor tissues, including differences in pH, oxygenation, enzymatic expression, gene activation/inactivation, and vasculature. The nanocarriers of activatable nanoparticles maintain their structure while circulating in the body and, upon reaching the tumor site, are altered by unique tumoral stimuli, leading to the release of a drug or other agent...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344119/acculturation-and-weight-change-in-asian-american-children-evidence-from-the-ecls-k-2011
#14
Cassandra S Diep, Tom Baranowski, Rachel T Kimbro
Despite relatively low rates of overweight and obesity among Asian-American children, disparities exist based on acculturation, socioeconomic status, and Asian ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between acculturation and weight change in Asian-American children. Secondary aims were to compare changes by Asian ethnic group and acculturation x socioeconomic status. Participants included 1200 Asian-American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11, a longitudinal study of U...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343580/behavioral-thermal-tolerances-of-free-ranging-rattlesnakes-crotalus-oreganus-during-the-summer-foraging-season
#15
Breanna J Putman, Rulon W Clark
Increasing temperature due to climate change is one of the greatest challenges for wildlife worldwide. Behavioral data on free-ranging individuals is necessary to determine at what temperatures animals modify activity as this would determine their capacity to continue to move, forage, and mate under altered thermal regimes. In particular, high temperatures could limit available surface activity time and time spent on fitness-related activities. Conversely, performance, such as feeding rate, can increase with temperature potentially having positive fitness effects...
April 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#16
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343110/the-harder-they-fall-sex-and-race-ethnic-specific-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-foreclosure-crisis
#17
Jason N Houle, Michael T Light
Previous work shows suicide rates increase during economic recessions, but little research has examined the extent to which the foreclosure crisis-a unique aspect of the Great Recession-has contributed to disparities in rising suicide rates by race and sex. We develop and test two competing hypotheses regarding the association between foreclosures and race by sex specific suicide rates. We link foreclosure data (RealtyTrac) and suicide data (CDC) from 174 metropolitan areas from 2005 to 2010 (1044 MSA-year observations) and find that-net of time invariant unobserved between-metro area differences, national time trends, and time-varying confounders-a rise in the foreclosure rate is associated with a marginal increase in suicide, but this main effect masks considerable heterogeneity across groups...
March 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343022/stakeholder-evaluation-of-an-online-program-to-promote-physical-activity-and-workplace-safety-for-individuals-with-disability
#18
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Laurel Kincl, Simon Driver, Brittany Heller
Individuals with disabilities face increasing health and employment disparities, including increased risk of morbidity and mortality and decreased earnings, occupational roles, and greater risk of injury at work. Thus, there is a need to improve workplace safety and health promotion efforts for people with disability. The purpose of this study was to obtain stakeholder feedback about an online program, Be Active, Work Safe, which was developed to increase the physical activity and workplace safety practices of individuals with disability...
March 11, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343000/evidence-for-similar-patterns-of-neural-activity-elicted-by-picture-and-word-based-representations-of-natural-scenes
#19
Manoj Kumar, Kara D Federmeier, Li Fei-Fei, Diane M Beck
A long-standing core question in cognitive science is whether different modalities and representation types (pictures, words, sounds, etc.) access a common store of semantic information. Although different input types have been shown to activate a shared network of brain regions, this does not necessitate that there is a common representation, as the neurons in these regions could still differentially process the different modalities. However, multi-voxel pattern analysis can be used to assess whether, e.g...
March 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342956/disparities-in-telephone-cpr-access-and-timing-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
Tomas Nuño, Bentley J Bobrow, Karen A Rogge-Miller, Micah Panczyk, Terry Mullins, Wayne Tormala, Antonio Estrada, Samuel M Keim, Daniel W Spaite
AIM: Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone -cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected OHCA by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. METHODS: The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013...
March 22, 2017: Resuscitation
keyword
keyword
7977
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"