keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445589/a-network-engineering-perspective-on-probing-and-perturbing-cognition-with-neurofeedback
#1
REVIEW
Danielle S Bassett, Ankit N Khambhati
Network science and engineering provide a flexible and generalizable tool set to describe and manipulate complex systems characterized by heterogeneous interaction patterns among component parts. While classically applied to social systems, these tools have recently proven to be particularly useful in the study of the brain. In this review, we describe the nascent use of these tools to understand human cognition, and we discuss their utility in informing the meaningful and predictable perturbation of cognition in combination with the emerging capabilities of neurofeedback...
April 26, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445431/assessing-diabetes-and-factors-associated-with-foregoing-medical-care-among-persons-with-diabetes-disparities-facing-american-indian-alaska-native-black-hispanic-low-income-and-southern-adults-in-the-u-s-2011-2015
#2
Samuel D Towne, Jane Bolin, Alva Ferdinand, Emily Joy Nicklett, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
Objective: Identify individual- and place-based factors associated with diagnosed diabetes and forgone medical care among those diagnosed with diabetes. Background: Diabetes affects millions of individuals globally. In the U.S. alone the prevalence rate of diagnosed diabetes has more than doubled over the past 20 years (4.2% in 1994 to 10% in 2014). Methods: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2011-2015) was used to identify factors associated with self-reported diabetes diagnoses (ever diagnosed) among U...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444992/effects-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-pregnancy-among-us-military-veterans-lessons-for-research-on-stress-and-racial-disparities
#3
Dawn P Misra, Carmen Giurgescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#4
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444829/disparities-in-hiv-1-transmitted-drug-resistance-detected-by-ultradeep-sequencing-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-heterosexual-populations
#5
E Todesco, C Charpentier, M Bertine, M Wirden, A Storto, N Desire, M Grude, T Nguyen, S Sayon, Y Yazdanpanah, C Katlama, D Descamps, V Calvez, A G Marcelin
OBJECTIVES: Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) can impair the response to first-line antiretroviral therapy. In treatment-naïve patients chronically infected with HIV type 1 (HIV-1), it was previously shown through Sanger sequencing that TDR was more common in men who have sex with men (MSM) than in other transmission risk groups. We aimed to compare two HIV-1 transmission groups in terms of the presence of TDR mutations. METHODS: We investigated, through Sanger sequencing and ultradeep sequencing (UDS), the presence of resistance mutations, both in majority (> 20%) and in minority (1-20%) proportions, in 70 treatment-naïve MSM and 70 treatment-naïve heterosexual patients who recently screened positive for HIV-1...
April 26, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444552/income-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-over-a-one-year-period-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-linear-mixed-model-analysis
#6
Jens Klein, Daniel Lüdecke, Kerstin Hofreuter-Gätgens, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
PURPOSE: To examine income-related disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over a one-year period after surgery (radical prostatectomy) and its contributory factors in a longitudinal perspective. Evidence of associations between income and HRQOL among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is sparse and their explanations still remain unclear. METHODS: 246 males of two German hospitals filled out a questionnaire at the time of acute treatment, 6 and 12 months later...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444529/-we-deserve-better-perceptions-of-hiv-testing-campaigns-among-black-and-latino-msm-in-new-york-city
#7
Kathryn Drumhiller, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Tiffiany M Aholou, Madeline Y Sutton, Jose Nanin
In 2014, Black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM) comprised 64.1% of HIV diagnoses among MSM in the U.S. Routine HIV testing allows earlier diagnosis, linkage to care, and improved health outcomes. HIV testing campaigns may increase HIV awareness and testing behaviors, but perceptions of these campaigns by BLMSM have been understudied. We explored perceptions of HIV testing campaigns with BLMSM in New York City (NYC) to inform campaign strategies that target BLMSM for HIV testing...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444483/exploring-racial-gender-and-insurance-disparities-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-fractures
#8
Sarah C DeShields, Cynthia C Romero, Tina D Cunningham
The objective of this study is to examine racial, gender, and insurance disparities in hospital outcomes among patients diagnosed with osteoporotic fractures aged 55 years and older. A total of 36,153 patients were included in this study. The sample was constructed from de-identified patient-level data for 2011 through 2014 from the Virginia Health Information (VHI) inpatient discharge database. Differences in mortality and 30-day readmission across race, gender, and insurance status were examined using logistic regression and generalized linear models for hospital charges and length of stay...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444470/sexual-orientation-differences-in-health-and-wellbeing-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#9
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Mona Loutfy
Sexual orientation differences in health and wellbeing among women living with HIV (WLH) are underexplored. Limited research available, however, suggests that sexual minority WLH may experience barriers to HIV care. Cross-sectional baseline data was analyzed from a Canadian cohort study with WLH (sexual minority women [SMW]: n = 180; heterosexual women: n = 1240). SMW (median age 38 years, IQR 13) included bisexual (58.9%), lesbian (17.8%) and other sexualities (23.3%). In multivariable analyses adjusting for age, poverty, education, and ethnicity, SMW identity was associated with increased odds of: clinical (80% vs...
April 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444288/us-suicide-rates-display-growing-geographic-disparity
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444233/neighborhood-variation-in-the-price-of-cheap-tobacco-products-in-california-results-from-healthy-stores-for-a-healthy-community
#11
Lisa Henriksen, Elizabeth Andersen-Rodgers, Xueying Zhang, April Roeseler, Dennis L Sun, Trent O Johnson, Nina C Schleicher
Background.: Retail marketing surveillance research highlights concerns about lower-priced cigarettes in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, but focuses almost exclusively on premium brands. To remedy this gap in the literature, the current study examines neighborhood variation in prices for the cheapest cigarettes and a popular brand of cigarillos in a large statewide sample of licensed tobacco retailers in a low-tax state. Methods.: All 61 local health departments in California trained data collectors to conduct observations in a census of eligible licensed tobacco retailers in randomly selected zip codes (n=7,393 stores, completion rate=91%)...
April 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444155/hospitalization-rates-among-people-with-hiv-aids-in-new-york-city-2013
#12
Rachael Lazar, Laura Kersanske, Qiang Xia, Demetre Daskalakis, Sarah L Braunstein
Background: Hospitalizations are an important indicator of health care quality and access for people with HIV/AIDS. This study assesses hospitalization rates among people with HIV/AIDS in New York City. Methods: We performed a deterministic match between people in the New York City HIV surveillance registry alive as of 1/1/2013 and diagnosed with HIV as of 12/31/2013 and patient-level inpatient hospitalization records during 2013. Event-level data were analyzed to determine characteristics of and reasons for hospitalizations...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444108/racial-ethnic-differences-in-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-chronic-kidney-disease-the-chronic-renal-insufficiency-cohort
#13
Faraz S Ahmad, Xuan Cai, Katherine Kunkel, Ana C Ricardo, James P Lash, Dominic S Raj, Jiang He, Amanda H Anderson, Matthew J Budoff, Julie A Wright Nunes, Jason Roy, Jackson T Wright, Alan S Go, Martin G St John Sutton, John W Kusek, Tamara Isakova, Myles Wolf, Martin G Keane
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and it is especially common among Blacks. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important subclinical marker of CVD, but there are limited data on racial variation in left ventricular structure and function among persons with CKD. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study, we compared the prevalence of different types of left ventricular remodeling (concentric hypertrophy, eccentric hypertrophy, and concentric remodeling) by race/ethnicity...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443905/predicting-oligomer-polymer-compatibility-and-the-impact-on-nanoscale-segregation-in-thin-films
#14
Elise F D Sabattié, Jos Tasche, Mark R Wilson, Maximilian W A Skoda, Arwel Hughes, Torsten Lindner, Richard L Thompson
Compatibility between oligomers and polymers was systematically assessed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and was correlated with similarity in saturation and solubility parameter. These measurements enabled validation of detailed volume of mixing calculations using Statistical Association Fluid Theory (SAFT-γ Mie) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, which can be used to predict behaviour beyond the experimentally accessible conditions. These simulations confirmed that squalane is somewhat more compatible with poly(isoprene), "PI" than poly(butadiene), "PB", and further enabled prediction of the temperature dependence of compatibility...
April 26, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443357/informed-consent-and-the-aftermath-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-ethical-considerations
#15
Pamela Bjorklund, Denise M Lund
BACKGROUND: Patients often are confronted with the choice to allow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should cardiac arrest occur. Typically, informed consent for CPR does not also include detailed discussion about survival rates, possible consequences of survival, and/or potential impacts on functionality post-CPR. OBJECTIVE: A lack of communication about these issues between providers and patients/families complicates CPR decision-making and highlights the ethical imperative of practice changes that educate patients and families in those deeper and more detailed ways...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443342/catalyzing-implementation-of-evidence-based-interventions-in-safety-net-settings-a-clinical-community-partnership-in-south-los-angeles
#16
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Roberto B Vargas, Donzella Lee, Lark Galloway-Gilliam, LaVonna B Lewis
This study is a process evaluation of a clinical-community partnership that implemented evidence-based interventions in clinical safety net settings. Adoption and implementation of evidence-based interventions in these settings can help reduce health disparities by improving the quality of clinical preventive services in health care settings with underserved populations. A clinical-community partnership model is a possible avenue to catalyze adoption and implementation of interventions amid organizational barriers to change...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443280/in-vivo-reprogramming-of-cancer-metabolism-by-myc
#17
REVIEW
Roman Camarda, Jeremy Williams, Andrei Goga
The past few decades have welcomed tremendous advancements toward understanding the functional significance of altered metabolism during tumorigenesis. However, many conclusions drawn from studies of cancer cells in a dish (i.e., in vitro) have been put into question as multiple lines of evidence have demonstrated that the metabolism of cells can differ significantly from that of primary tumors (in vivo). This realization, along with the need to identify tissue-specific vulnerabilities of driver oncogenes, has led to an increased focus on oncogene-dependent metabolic programming in vivo...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442533/racial-disparities-in-stage-specific-gastric-cancer-analysis-of-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-program-database
#18
Gang Zhang, Xing Zhao, Jie Li, Yu Yuan, Ming Wen, Xin Hao, Ping Li, Aimin Zhang
The incidence of gastric cancer is declining in western countries but continues to represent a serious health problem worldwide, especially in Asia and among Asian Americans. This study aimed to investigate ethnic disparities in stage-specific gastric cancer, including differences in incidence, treatment and survival. The cohort study was analyzed using the data set of patients with gastric cancer registered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program from 2004 to 2013. Among 54,165 patients with gastric cancer, 38,308 were whites (70...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442506/genome-wide-association-studies-of-chemotherapeutic-toxicities-genomics-of-inequality
#19
Brandon Mapes, Omar El Charif, Shereen Al-Sawwaf, M Eileen Dolan
With an estimated global population of cancer survivors exceeding 32 million and growing, there is a heightened awareness of the long-term toxicities resulting from cancer treatments and their impact on quality of life. Unexplained heterogeneity in the persistence and development of toxicities, as well as an incomplete understanding of their mechanisms have generated a growing need for the identification of predictive pharmacogenomic markers. Early studies addressing this need used a candidate gene approach; however, over the last decade, unbiased and comprehensive genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have provided markers of phenotypic risk and potential targets to explore the mechanistic and regulatory pathways of biological functions associated with chemotherapeutic toxicity...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442414/inhibition-of-allogeneic-cytotoxic-t-cell-cd8-proliferation-via-polymer-induced-treg-cd4-cells
#20
Ning Kang, Wendy M Toyofuku, Xining Yang, Mark D Scott
T cell-mediated immune rejection remains a barrier to successful transplantation. Polymer-based bioengineering of cells may provide an effective means of preventing allorecognition and the proliferation of cytotoxic (CD8(+)) T lymphocytes (CTL). Using MHC-disparate murine splenocytes modified with succinimidyl valerate activated methoxypoly(ethylene glycol) [SVA-mPEG] polymers, the effects of leukocyte immunocamouflage on CD8(+) and CD4(+) alloproliferation and T regulatory (Treg) cell induction were assessed in a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) model...
April 22, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
keyword
keyword
7977
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"