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Anti cancer nutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317223/cancer-with-low-cathepsin-d-levels-is-susceptible-to-v-atpase-inhibition
#1
Satoshi Kitazawa, Satoru Nishizawa, Hideyuki Nakagawa, Masaaki Funata, Kazuho Nishimura, Tomoyoshi Soga, Takahito Hara
Vacuolar (H(+) )-ATPases (V-ATPases) have important roles in the supply of nutrients to tumors by mediating autophagy and the endocytic uptake of extracellular fluids. Accordingly, V-ATPases are attractive therapeutic targets for cancer. However, the clinical use of V-ATPase inhibitors as anti-cancer drugs has not been realized, possibly owing to their high toxicity in humans. V-ATPase inhibition may be an appropriate strategy in highly susceptible cancers. In this study, we explored markers of V-ATPase inhibitor sensitivity...
March 19, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274614/metformin-represses-glucose-starvation-induced-autophagic-response-in-microvascular-endothelial-cells-and-promotes-cell-death
#2
Samson Mathews Samuel, Suparna Ghosh, Yasser Majeed, Gnanapragasam Arunachalam, Mohamed M Emara, Hong Ding, Chris R Triggle
Metformin, the most frequently administered drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, is being investigated for its potential in the treatment of various types of cancer; however, the cellular basis for this putative anti-cancer action remains controversial. In the current study we examined the effect of metformin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy in glucose-starved micro-vascular endothelial cells (MECs). The rationale for our experimental protocol is that in a growing tumor MECs are subjected to hypoxia and nutrient/glucose starvation that results from the reduced supply and relatively high consumption of glucose...
March 6, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270148/mdm4-actively-restrains-cytoplasmic-mtorc1-by-sensing-nutrient-availability
#3
Francesca Mancini, Emanuela Teveroni, Giusy Di Conza, Valentina Monteleone, Ivan Arisi, Marsha Pellegrino, Marianna Buttarelli, Luisa Pieroni, Mara D'Onofrio, Andrea Urbani, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Massimiliano Mazzone, Fabiola Moretti
BACKGROUND: Many tumor-related factors have shown the ability to affect metabolic pathways by paving the way for cancer-specific metabolic features. Here, we investigate the regulation of mTORC1 by MDM4, a p53-inhibitor with oncogenic or anti-survival activities depending on cell growth conditions. METHOD: MDM4-mTOR relationship was analysed through experiments of overexpression or silencing of endogenous proteins in cell culture and using purified proteins in vitro...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270076/doxycycline-as-potential-anti-cancer-agent
#4
Isra Ali, Khalid O Alfarouk, Stephan J Reshkin, Muntaser E Ibrahim
Cancer cells do create hostile microenvironment (deprivation of nutrients, accumulation of acidity, anoxic habitat). Those cells are not only adapted to this sanctuary environment, blunting of immunity but also, grow, migrate to the distal area (metastasis) and communicate with each other in a unique population structure and organization too (clonal expansion). The adaptation requirements push those types of adaptable cells (cancer cells) to be primitive cells. The prevailing pharmacological approach in treating cancer is developing a chemotherapeutic agent that acts on rapidly proliferating cells that stuck with normally growing epithelium and bone marrow too...
February 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268596/evaluation-of-multidrug-cancer-chronotherapy-based-on-cell-cycle-model-under-influences-of-circadian-clock
#5
Hiroshi Inokawa, Norihiro Katayama, Mitsuyuki Nakao
The intracellular circadian clock mechanisms are known to affect various substantial cellular machinery such as cell cycle progression, inflammatory response, apoptosis, and DNA repair. Cancer growth in various tissues is still under circadian control, which may be at least partly underlain by the survived connections between the intracellular machinery and the clock. Considering such findings, chronotherapy has been applied to cancer treatments, in which anti-cancer drugs are administered in scheduled circadian times so as to resolve the trade-off between damages against the normal and cancer cells...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257059/chitosan-based-multifunctional-platforms-for-local-delivery-of-therapeutics
#6
REVIEW
Seong-Chul Hong, Seung-Yup Yoo, Hyeongmin Kim, Jaehwi Lee
Chitosan has been widely used as a key biomaterial for the development of drug delivery systems intended to be administered via oral and parenteral routes. In particular, chitosan-based microparticles are the most frequently employed delivery system, along with specialized systems such as hydrogels, nanoparticles and thin films. Based on the progress made in chitosan-based drug delivery systems, the usefulness of chitosan has further expanded to anti-cancer chemoembolization, tissue engineering, and stem cell research...
March 1, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239982/phytochemicals-in-quinoa-and-amaranth-grains-and-their-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-potential-health-beneficial-effects-a-review
#7
Yao Tang, Rong Tsao
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) are pseudocereal grains rich in both macronutrients and micronutrients including vitamins and minerals. The proteins are particularly of high nutritional quality due to the outstanding balance of essential amino acids. However, recent research strongly suggests that the essential nutrients such as phytochemicals of quinoa and amaranth may also with potential health beneficial effects. This review focuses on the phytochemical composition of quinoa and amaranth seeds, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of hydrophilic (e...
February 26, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226775/evaluation-of-multidrug-cancer-chronotherapy-based-on-cell-cycle-model-under-influences-of-circadian-clock
#8
Hiroshi Inokawa, Norihiro Katayama, Mitsuyuki Nakao, Hiroshi Inokawa, Norihiro Katayama, Mitsuyuki Nakao, Mitsuyuki Nakao, Hiroshi Inokawa, Norihiro Katayama
The intracellular circadian clock mechanisms are known to affect various substantial cellular machinery such as cell cycle progression, inflammatory response, apoptosis, and DNA repair. Cancer growth in various tissues is still under circadian control, which may be at least partly underlain by the survived connections between the intracellular machinery and the clock. Considering such findings, chronotherapy has been applied to cancer treatments, in which anti-cancer drugs are administered in scheduled circadian times so as to resolve the trade-off between damages against the normal and cancer cells...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187289/tumorigenic-and-immunosuppressive-effects-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Juan R Cubillos-Ruiz, Sarah E Bettigole, Laurie H Glimcher
Malignant cells utilize diverse strategies that enable them to thrive under adverse conditions while simultaneously inhibiting the development of anti-tumor immune responses. Hostile microenvironmental conditions within tumor masses, such as nutrient deprivation, oxygen limitation, high metabolic demand, and oxidative stress, disturb the protein-folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), thereby provoking a cellular state of "ER stress." Sustained activation of ER stress sensors endows malignant cells with greater tumorigenic, metastatic, and drug-resistant capacity...
February 9, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161789/treatment-of-pancreatic-insufficiency-using-pancreatic-extract-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-a-pilot-study-picnic
#10
Nicholas Zdenkowski, George Radvan, Leanna Pugliese, Julie Charlton, Christopher Oldmeadow, Allison Fraser, Antonino Bonaventura
PURPOSE: Survival with advanced pancreatic cancer is less than 12 months. Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency may contribute to pancreatic cancer-related cachexia, via nutrient malabsorption. We aimed to determine the feasibility of prescribing pancreatic extract (Creon®) for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer, without frank malabsorption, were randomised in this feasibility study to pancreatic extract 50,000 units with meals and 25,000 units with snacks, or placebo...
February 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129624/erianin-inhibits-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-induced-tumor-angiogenesis
#11
Chang Su, Peng Zhang, Jianwen Liu, Yiou Cao
Tumor angiogenesis is the key process in tumor growth and metastasis, and transfers essential nutrients for solid tumor. Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis has been recognized as a more effective anti-cancer strategy for NSCLC and has acquired certain therapeutic effects. IDO has non-immune functions including regulating tumor angiogenesis and IDO dysregulation in cancer pathogenesis has been valued. Erianin is a natural product isolated from Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl. The antitumor activity of erianin in many kinds of cancers had been demonstrated in previous studies...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112156/mtorc1-inhibition-in-cancer-cells-protects-from-glutaminolysis-mediated-apoptosis-during-nutrient-limitation
#12
Victor H Villar, Tra Ly Nguyen, Vanessa Delcroix, Silvia Terés, Marion Bouchecareilh, Bénédicte Salin, Clément Bodineau, Pierre Vacher, Muriel Priault, Pierre Soubeyran, Raúl V Durán
A master coordinator of cell growth, mTORC1 is activated by different metabolic inputs, particularly the metabolism of glutamine (glutaminolysis), to control a vast range of cellular processes, including autophagy. As a well-recognized tumour promoter, inhibitors of mTORC1 such as rapamycin have been approved as anti-cancer agents, but their overall outcome in patients is rather poor. Here we show that mTORC1 also presents tumour suppressor features in conditions of nutrient restrictions. Thus, the activation of mTORC1 by glutaminolysis during nutritional imbalance inhibits autophagy and induces apoptosis in cancer cells...
January 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107190/radiosynthesis-and-validation-of-%C3%A2-18f-3-fluoro-2-hydroxypropionate-18f-flac-as-a-pet-tracer-of-lactate-to-monitor-mct1-dependent-lactate-uptake-in-tumors
#13
Vincent F Van Hée, Daniel Labar, Gwenaël Dehon, Debora Grasso, Vincent Grégoire, Giulio G Muccioli, Raphaël Frédérick, Pierre Sonveaux
Cancers develop metabolic strategies to cope with their microenvironment often characterized by hypoxia, limited nutrient bioavailability and exposure to anticancer treatments. Among these strategies, the metabolic symbiosis based on the exchange of lactate between hypoxic/glycolytic cancer cells that convert glucose to lactate and oxidative cancer cells that preferentially use lactate as an oxidative fuel optimizes the bioavailability of glucose to hypoxic cancer cells. This metabolic cooperation has been described in various human cancers and can provide resistance to anti-angiogenic therapies...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105371/unfolding-anti-tumor-immunity-er-stress-responses-sculpt-tolerogenic-myeloid-cells-in-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Juan R Cubillos-Ruiz, Eslam Mohamed, Paulo C Rodriguez
Established tumors build a stressful and hostile microenvironment that blocks the development of protective innate and adaptive immune responses. Different subsets of immunoregulatory myeloid populations, including dendritic cells, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and macrophages, accumulate in the stressed tumor milieu and represent a major impediment to the success of various forms of cancer immunotherapy. Specific conditions and factors within tumor masses, including hypoxia, nutrient starvation, low pH, and increased levels of free radicals, provoke a state of "endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress" in both malignant cells and infiltrating myeloid cells...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100868/growth-inhibition-of-refractory-human-gallbladder-cancer-cells-by-retinol-and-its-mechanism-of-action
#15
Chuan Li, Masahiko Imai, Shinya Hasegawa, Masahiro Yamasaki, Noriko Takahashi
Among the constituents of the essential nutrient vitamin A, retinol is a potent suppressor of refractory cancer cell growth linked to tumor progression, showing greater efficacy than retinoic acid (RA). However, the mechanisms of retinol action on human refractory cancer are not known well. In the current study, we examined the actions of retinol on proliferation of human gallbladder cancer NOZ C-1 cells. Retinol and RA inhibited the proliferation of human NOZ C-1 cells in dose-dependent manner, while RA was less potent than retinol...
January 18, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100867/effects-of-pre-and-post-administration-of-vitamin-a-on-the-growth-of-refractory-cancers-in-xenograft-mice
#16
Chuan Li, Masahiko Imai, Masahiro Yamasaki, Shinya Hasegawa, Noriko Takahashi
Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that is obtained from the daily diet. The major forms of vitamin A in the body consist of retinol, retinal, retinoic acid (RA), and retinyl esters. Retinal is fundamental for vision and RA is used in clinical therapy of human acute promyelocytic leukemia. The actions of retinol and retinyl palmitate (RP) are not known well. Recently, we found that retinol is a potent anti-proliferative agent against human refractory cancers, including gallbladder cancer, being more effective than RA, while RP was inactive...
January 18, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100096/targeting-therapy-resistant-cancer-stem-cells-by-hyperthermia
#17
A L Oei, L E M Vriend, P M Krawczyk, M R Horsman, N A P Franken, J Crezee
Eradication of all malignant cells is the ultimate but challenging goal of anti-cancer treatment; most traditional clinically-available approaches fail because there are cells in a tumour that either escape therapy or become therapy-resistant. A subpopulation of cancer cells, the cancer stem cells (CSCs), is considered to be of particular significance for tumour initiation, progression and metastasis. CSCs are considered in particular to be therapy-resistant and may drive disease recurrence, which positions CSCs in the focus of anti-cancer research, but successful CSC-targeting therapies are limited...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092382/a-vascularized-and-perfused-organ-on-a-chip-platform-for-large-scale-drug-screening-applications
#18
Duc T T Phan, Xiaolin Wang, Brianna M Craver, Agua Sobrino, Da Zhao, Jerry C Chen, Lilian Y N Lee, Steven C George, Abraham P Lee, Christopher C W Hughes
There is a growing awareness that complex 3-dimensional (3D) organs are not well represented by monolayers of a single cell type - the standard format for many drug screens. To address this deficiency, and with the goal of improving screens so that drugs with good efficacy and low toxicity can be identified, microphysiological systems (MPS) are being developed that better capture the complexity of in vivo physiology. We have previously described an organ-on-a-chip platform that incorporates perfused microvessels, such that survival of the surrounding tissue is entirely dependent on delivery of nutrients through the vessels...
January 31, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074546/hypoxia-and-cellular-metabolism-in-tumour-pathophysiology
#19
Scott K Parks, Yann Cormerais, Jacques Pouysségur
Cancer cells are optimised for growth and survival via an ability to outcompete normal cells in their microenvironment. Many of these advantageous cellular adaptations are promoted by the pathophysiological hypoxia that arises in solid tumours due to incomplete vascularisation. Tumour cells are thus faced with the challenge of an increased need for nutrients to support the drive for proliferation in the face of a diminished extracellular supply. Among the many modifications occurring in tumour cells, hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) act as essential drivers of key pro-survival pathways via the promotion of numerous membrane and cytosolic proteins...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058568/assessment-of-the-antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-the-wild-edible-mushroom-agaricus-lanipes-f-h-m%C3%A3-ller-jul-sch%C3%A3-ff-hlav%C3%A3-%C3%A4-ek
#20
Oğuzhan Kaygusuz, Meruyert Kaygusuz, Yavuz Dodurga, Mücahit Seçme, Emine Nur Herken, Kutret Gezer
The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the wild edible mushroom Agaricus lanipes, and also to investigate its cytotoxicity and potential and possible apoptotic effect against the A549 lung cancer cell line in in vitro conditions. Total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, lipid hydroperoxides, and total free -SH levels of A. lanipes were found to be 4.55 mg T/g, 14.6 mg GA equivalent/g, 3...
February 2017: Cytotechnology
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