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Anti cancer nutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503088/restoring-trail-induced-apoptosis-using-naturopathy-hercules-joins-hand-with-nature-to-triumph-over-lernaean-hydra
#1
REVIEW
Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Girolamo Ranieri, Sundas Fayyaz, Ilaria Marech
Cancer is a multifaceted disease. Our deepened knowledge about genetic and biological mechanisms of cancer cells presents an opportunity to explore the inter-individual differences in the body's ability to metabolize and respond to different nutrients. It is becoming progressively more understandable that the deregulation of several signaling pathways and the alterations in apoptotic response are some of the major determinants that underpin carcinogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)-mediated signaling has gained a remarkable appreciation because of its ability to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells leaving normal cells intact...
February 2017: Current Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492544/halofuginone-dually-regulates-autophagic-flux-through-nutrient-sensing-pathways-in-colorectal-cancer
#2
Guo-Qing Chen, Rui-Hong Gong, Da-Jian Yang, Ge Zhang, Ai-Ping Lu, Siu-Cheong Yan, Shu-Hai Lin, Zhao-Xiang Bian
Autophagy has a key role in metabolism and impacts on tumorigenesis. Our previous study found that halofuginone (HF) exerts anticancer activity in colorectal cancer (CRC) by downregulating Akt/mTORC1 (mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1) signaling pathway. But whether and how HF regulates autophagy and metabolism to inhibit cancer growth remains an open question. Here, we unveil that HF activates ULK1 by downregulation of its phosphorylation site at Ser757 through Akt/mTORC1 signaling pathway, resulting in induction of autophagic flux under nutrient-rich condition...
May 11, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489075/lipoprotein-biomimetic-nanostructure-enables-efficient-targeting-delivery-of-sirna-to-ras-activated-glioblastoma-cells-via-macropinocytosis
#3
Jia-Lin Huang, Gan Jiang, Qing-Xiang Song, Xiao Gu, Meng Hu, Xiao-Lin Wang, Hua-Hua Song, Le-Pei Chen, Ying-Ying Lin, Di Jiang, Jun Chen, Jun-Feng Feng, Yong-Ming Qiu, Ji-Yao Jiang, Xin-Guo Jiang, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Xiao-Ling Gao
Hyperactivated Ras regulates many oncogenic pathways in several malignant human cancers including glioblastoma and it is an attractive target for cancer therapies. Ras activation in cancer cells drives protein internalization via macropinocytosis as a key nutrient-gaining process. By utilizing this unique endocytosis pathway, here we create a biologically inspired nanostructure that can induce cancer cells to 'drink drugs' for targeting activating transcription factor-5 (ATF5), an overexpressed anti-apoptotic transcription factor in glioblastoma...
May 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486399/assessment-of-heparanase-mediated-angiogenesis-using-microvascular-endothelial-cells-identification-of-%C3%AE-carrageenan-derivative-as-a-potent-anti-angiogenic-agent
#4
Nicolas Poupard, Pamela Badarou, Fabienne Fasani, Hugo Groult, Nicolas Bridiau, Frédéric Sannier, Stéphanie Bordenave-Juchereau, Claudine Kieda, Jean-Marie Piot, Catherine Grillon, Ingrid Fruitier-Arnaudin, Thierry Maugard
Heparanase is overexpressed by tumor cells and degrades the extracellular matrix proteoglycans through cleavage of heparan sulfates (HS), allowing pro-angiogenic factor release and thus playing a key role in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. Here we propose new HS analogs as potent heparanase inhibitors: Heparin as a positive control, Dextran Sulfate, λ-Carrageenan, and modified forms of them obtained by depolymerization associated to glycol splitting (RD-GS). After heparanase activity assessment, 11 kDa RD-GS-λ-Carrageenan emerged as the most effective heparanase inhibitor with an IC50 of 7...
May 9, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480405/potential-administration-of-lipoic-acid-and-coenzyme-q-against-adipogensis-target-for-weight-reduction
#5
Maryam A Al-Ghamdi, Hani Choudhry, Huda A Al-Doghather, Etimad H Huwait, Taha A Kumosani, Said S Moselhy
BACKGROUND: Body overweight and obesity were considered as a risk factor for many systemic diseases as diabetic hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and some cancers. The lipoic acid and Co Q are considered as coenzymes needed for enhancement metabolic rate. The goal of this study is to evaluate the anti-obese effect of lipoic acid alone or combined with Co-Q in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety male albino rats (100-150g) were used in this study, divided into six groups (15 each)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461484/protein-mediated-viral-latency-is-a-novel-mechanism-for-merkel-cell-polyomavirus-persistence
#6
Hyun Jin Kwun, Yuan Chang, Patrick S Moore
Viral latency, in which a virus genome does not replicate independently of the host cell genome and produces no infectious particles, is required for long-term virus persistence. There is no known latency mechanism for chronic small DNA virus infections. Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) causes an aggressive skin cancer after prolonged infection and requires an active large T (LT) phosphoprotein helicase to replicate. We show that evolutionarily conserved MCV LT phosphorylation sites are constitutively recognized by cellular Fbw7, βTrCP, and Skp2 Skp-F-box-cullin (SCF) E3 ubiquitin ligases, which degrade and suppress steady-state LT protein levels...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452959/anti-inflammatory-mechanism-involved-in-pomegranate-mediated-prevention-of-breast-cancer-the-role-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-nrf2-signaling-pathways
#7
Animesh Mandal, Deepak Bhatia, Anupam Bishayee
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.), a nutrient-rich unique fruit, has been used for centuries for the prevention and treatment of various inflammation-driven diseases. Based on our previous study, a characterized pomegranate emulsion (PE) exhibited a striking inhibition of dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-initiated rat mammary tumorigenesis via antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing mechanisms. The objective of the present work is to investigate the anti-inflammatory mechanism of action of PE during DMBA rat mammary carcinogenesis by evaluating the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor erythroid 2p45 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2)...
April 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445144/stroma-derived-hgf-drives-metabolic-adaptation-of-colorectal-cancer-to-angiogenesis-inhibitors
#8
Alessia Mira, Virginia Morello, Maria Virtudes Céspedes, Timothy Perera, Paolo M Comoglio, Ramon Mangues, Paolo Michieli
The role of paracrine Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) in the resistance to angiogenesis inhibitors (AIs) is hidden in xenograft models because mouse HGF fails to fully activate human MET. To uncover it, we compared the efficacy of AIs in wild-type and human HGF knock-in SCID mice bearing orthotopic human colorectal tumors. Species-specific HGF/MET signaling dramatically impaired the response to anti-angiogenic agents and boosted metastatic dissemination. In cell-based assays mimicking the consequences of anti-angiogenic therapy, colorectal cancer cells were completely resistant to hypoxia but extremely sensitive to nutrient deprivation...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429085/the-role-of-rna-alternative-splicing-in-regulating-cancer-metabolism
#9
REVIEW
Itamar Kozlovski, Zahava Siegfried, Adi Amar-Schwartz, Rotem Karni
Tumor cells alter their metabolism by a wide array of mechanisms to promote growth and proliferation. Dysregulated expression and/or somatic mutations of key components of the glycolytic pathway/TCA cycle as well as other metabolic pathways allow tumor cells to improve their ability to survive harsh conditions such as hypoxia and the presence of reactive oxygen species, as well as the ability to obtain nutrients to increase lipids, protein, and nucleic acids biogenesis. Approximately 95% of the human protein encoding genes undergo alternative splicing (AS), a regulated process of gene expression that greatly diversifies the proteome by creating multiple proteins from a single gene...
April 20, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399862/chitosan-nanoparticle-mediated-co-delivery-of-shatg-5-and-gefitinib-synergistically-promoted-the-efficacy-of-chemotherapeutics-through-the-modulation-of-autophagy
#10
Yan Zheng, Chang Su, Liang Zhao, Yijie Shi
BACKGROUND: Autophagy reportedly plays vital and complex roles in many diseases. During times of starvation or energy deficiency, autophagy will occur at higher levels to provide cells with the nutrients or energy necessary to survive in stressful conditions. Some anti-cancer drugs induce protective autophagy and reduce cell apoptosis. Autophagy can adversely affect apoptosis, and blocking autophagy will increase the sensitivity of cells to apoptosis signals. METHODS: We designed chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) to promote the co-delivery of gefitinib (an anti-cancer drug) and shRNA-expressing plasmid DNA that targets the Atg-5 gene (shAtg-5) as an autophagy inhibitor to improve anti-cancer effects and autophagy mediation...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399181/evolutionary-emergence-of-angiogenesis-in-avascular-tumors-using-a-spatial-public-goods-game
#11
Javad Salimi Sartakhti, Mohammad Hossein Manshaei, David Basanta, Mehdi Sadeghi
Natural selection in cancer often results in the emergence of increasingly malignant tumor cells that display many if not all of the hallmarks of cancer. One of the most important traits acquired during cancer progression is angiogenesis. Tumor cells capable of secreting pro-angiogenic factors can be seen as cooperators where the improved oxygenation, nutrient delivery and waste disposal resulting from angiogenesis could be seen as a public good. Under this view, the relatively costly secretion of molecular signals required to orchestrate angiogenesis would be undertaken exclusively by cooperating tumor cells but the benefits of angiogenesis would be felt by neighboring tumor cells regardless of their contribution to the process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392768/cannabidiol-reduces-leukemic-cell-size-but-is-it-important
#12
Nikoletta Kalenderoglou, Tara Macpherson, Karen L Wright
The anti-cancer effect of the plant-derived cannabinoid, cannabidiol, has been widely demonstrated both in vivo and in vitro. However, this body of preclinical work has not been translated into clinical use. Key issues around this failure can be related to narrow dose effects, the cell model used and incomplete efficacy. A model of acute lymphoblastic disease, the Jurkat T cell line, has been used extensively to study the cannabinoid system in the immune system and cannabinoid-induced apoptosis. Using these cells, this study sought to investigate the outcome of those remaining viable cells post-treatment with cannabidiol, both in terms of cell size and tracking any subsequent recovery...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391610/essential-amino-acid-mixtures-drive-cancer-cells-to-apoptosis-through-proteasome-inhibition-and-autophagy-activation
#13
Laura Bonfili, Valentina Cecarini, Massimiliano Cuccioloni, Mauro Angeletti, Vincenzo Flati, Giovanni Corsetti, Evasio Pasini, Francesco S Dioguardi, Anna Maria Eleuteri
Cancer cells require both energy and material to survive and duplicate in a competitive environment. Nutrients, such as amino acids (AAs), are not only a caloric source, but can also modulate cell metabolism and modify hormone homeostasis. Our hypothesis is that the environmental messages provided by AAs rule the dynamics of cancer cell life or death, and the alteration of the balance between essential amino acids (EAAs) and non-essential amino acids (NEAAs) (lower and higher than 50%, respectively) present in nutrients may represent a key instrument to alter environment-dependent messages, thus mastering cancer cells destiny...
April 8, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361267/anti-angiogenesis-for-cancer-revisited-is-there-a-role-for-combinations-with-immunotherapy
#14
REVIEW
Rakesh R Ramjiawan, Arjan W Griffioen, Dan G Duda
Angiogenesis is defined as the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vessels and has been characterized as an essential process for tumor cell proliferation and viability. This has led to the development of pharmacological agents for anti-angiogenesis to disrupt the vascular supply and starve tumor of nutrients and oxygen, primarily through blockade of VEGF/VEGFR signaling. This effort has resulted in 11 anti-VEGF drugs approved for certain advanced cancers, alone or in combination with chemotherapy or other targeted therapies...
March 30, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358375/novel-prosurvival-function-of-yip1a-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells-constitutive-activation-of-the-ire1-and-perk-pathways-of-the-unfolded-protein-response
#15
Yuki Taguchi, Yuta Horiuchi, Fumi Kano, Masayuki Murata
Cancer cells are under chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress due to hypoxia, low levels of nutrients, and a high metabolic demand for proliferation. To survive, they constitutively activate the unfolded protein response (UPR). The inositol-requiring protein 1 (IRE1) and protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) signaling branches of the UPR have been shown to have cytoprotective roles in cancer cells. UPR-induced autophagy is another prosurvival strategy of cancer cells, possibly to remove misfolded proteins and supply nutrients...
March 30, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351332/tumor-rim-cells-from-resistance-to-vascular-targeting-agents-to-complete-tumor-ablation
#16
REVIEW
Khaled Seidi, Rana Jahanban-Esfahlan, Nosratollah Zarghami
Current vascular targeting strategies pursue two main goals: anti-angiogenesis agents aim to halt sprouting and the formation of new blood vessels, while vascular disrupting agents along with coaguligands seek to compromise blood circulation in the vessels. The ultimate goal of such therapies is to deprive tumor cells out of oxygen and nutrients long enough to succumb cancer cells to death. Most of vascular targeting agents presented promising therapeutic potential, but the final goal which is cure is rarely achieved...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346347/biosynthesis-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitors-by-a-newly-isolated-bacterium-paenibacillus-sp-tku042-and-its-effect-on-reducing-plasma-glucose-in-a-mouse-model
#17
Van Bon Nguyen, Anh Dzung Nguyen, Yao-Haur Kuo, San-Lang Wang
Paenibacillus sp. TKU042, a bacterium isolated from Taiwanese soil, produced α-glucosidase inhibitors (aGIs) in the culture supernatant when commercial nutrient broth (NB) was used as the medium for fermentation. The supernatant of fermented NB (FNB) showed stronger inhibitory activities than acarbose, a commercial anti-diabetic drug. The IC50 and maximum α-glucosidase inhibitory activities (aGIA) of FNB and acarbose against α-glucosidase were 81 μg/mL, 92% and 1395 μg/mL, 63%, respectively. FNB was found to be strongly thermostable, retaining 95% of its relative activity, even after heating at 100 °C for 30 min...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317223/cancer-with-low-cathepsin-d-levels-is-susceptible-to-v-atpase-inhibition
#18
Satoshi Kitazawa, Satoru Nishizawa, Hideyuki Nakagawa, Masaaki Funata, Kazuho Nishimura, Tomoyoshi Soga, Takahito Hara
Vacuolar (H(+) )-ATPases (V-ATPases) have important roles in the supply of nutrients to tumors by mediating autophagy and the endocytic uptake of extracellular fluids. Accordingly, V-ATPases are attractive therapeutic targets for cancer. However, the clinical use of V-ATPase inhibitors as anti-cancer drugs has not been realized, possibly owing to their high toxicity in humans. V-ATPase inhibition may be an appropriate strategy in highly susceptible cancers. In this study, we explored markers of V-ATPase inhibitor sensitivity...
March 19, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274614/metformin-represses-glucose-starvation-induced-autophagic-response-in-microvascular-endothelial-cells-and-promotes-cell-death
#19
Samson Mathews Samuel, Suparna Ghosh, Yasser Majeed, Gnanapragasam Arunachalam, Mohamed M Emara, Hong Ding, Chris R Triggle
Metformin, the most frequently administered drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, is being investigated for its potential in the treatment of various types of cancer; however, the cellular basis for this putative anti-cancer action remains controversial. In the current study we examined the effect of metformin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy in glucose-starved micro-vascular endothelial cells (MECs). The rationale for our experimental protocol is that in a growing tumor MECs are subjected to hypoxia and nutrient/glucose starvation that results from the reduced supply and relatively high consumption of glucose...
May 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270148/mdm4-actively-restrains-cytoplasmic-mtorc1-by-sensing-nutrient-availability
#20
Francesca Mancini, Emanuela Teveroni, Giusy Di Conza, Valentina Monteleone, Ivan Arisi, Marsha Pellegrino, Marianna Buttarelli, Luisa Pieroni, Mara D'Onofrio, Andrea Urbani, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Massimiliano Mazzone, Fabiola Moretti
BACKGROUND: Many tumor-related factors have shown the ability to affect metabolic pathways by paving the way for cancer-specific metabolic features. Here, we investigate the regulation of mTORC1 by MDM4, a p53-inhibitor with oncogenic or anti-survival activities depending on cell growth conditions. METHOD: MDM4-mTOR relationship was analysed through experiments of overexpression or silencing of endogenous proteins in cell culture and using purified proteins in vitro...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Cancer
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