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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907429/comprehensive-approach-to-reestablishing-form-and-function-after-radical-parotidectomy
#1
Peter J Ciolek, Brandon L Prendes, Michael A Fritz
INTRODUCTION: The reconstructive goals following radical parotidectomy include restoration of symmetry, reanimation of the face, and reestablishment of oral competence. We present our experience utilizing the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap, orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer (OTTT), and facial nerve cable grafting to reestablish form and function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2016, 17 patients underwent radical parotidectomy followed by immediate reconstruction...
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907121/position-of-draining-venous-cannula-in-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-and-respiratory-circulatory-support-in-adult-patients
#2
B Frenckner, M Broman, M Broomé
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used in critically ill patients with severe pulmonary and/or cardiac failure. Blood is drained from the venous system and pumped through a membrane oxygenator where it is oxygenated. For pulmonary support, the blood is returned to the patient via a vein (veno-venous ECMO) and for pulmonary/circulatory support it is returned via an artery (veno-arterial ECMO).Veno-venous ECMO can be performed either with a single dual-lumen cannula or with two separate single-lumen cannulas...
June 15, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906223/new-mouse-model-of-pulmonary-hypertension-induced-by-respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis
#3
Dai Kimura, Jordy Saravia, Sridhar Jaligama, Isabella McNamara, Luan D Vu, Ryan D Sullivan, Salvatore Mancarella, Dahui You, Stephania A Cormier
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been observed in up to 75% of infants with moderate to severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in infants with congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to establish a mouse model of PH secondary to RSV bronchiolitis that mimics the disease etiology as it occurs in infants. Neonatal mice were infected with RSV at 5 days of age, and then re-infected 4 weeks later. Serum free medium was administered to age-matched mice as control...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893828/in-vivo-protective-effect-of-geraniol-on-colonization-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-in-rat-jugular-vein-catheter-model
#4
Arunachalam Kannappan, Ramar Mohankumar, Ramanathan Srinivasan, Govindaraju Archunan, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian, Kandasamy Ruckmani, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Staphylococcal infections associated with indwelling medical devices are difficult to eradicate owing to its recalcitrant nature of biofilms to conventional antibiotics. In our earlier study, we reported the efficacy of geraniol (GE) in inhibiting the in vitro biofilm formation of S. epidermidis and adaptive resistant development. To examine the in vivo potential of GE in eradicating the in vivo colonization of S. epidermidis, an implanted rat jugular vein catheter model was developed. Oral supplementation of GE (GE at 200 mg/kg bw for three days) in rats infected with S...
June 11, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893417/inadvertent-pacemaker-lead-dislodgement
#5
Jaime-Jürgen Eulert-Grehn, Gerard Schmidt, Jörg Kempfert, Christoph Starck
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an established treatment option for aortic valve stenosis in patients with a high risk for conventional surgical valve replacement. A well-known complication is the development of conduction abnormalities. In the case of a new third degree atrio-ventricular block the complication can be life-threatening and permanent pacing is needed. Often these patients have a venous sheath placed in the jugular vein for the perioperative period. We report a case of inadvertent dislodgement of a permanent pacemaker lead after removal of a preoperatively placed venous sheath in a TAVI patient...
June 12, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888810/short-and-midterm-results-for-internal-jugular-vein-extension-for-short-right-renal-vein-kidney-transplant
#6
Tony Lu, Stephanie G Yi, Jean Bismuth, Richard J Knight, A Osama Gaber, Carlos F Bechara
Renal transplantation remains the definitive treatment for end stage renal disease (ESRD). The shorter renal vein in right donor nephrectomies is associated with higher incidence of technical failure. We present here our experience with autologous internal jugular vein (IJV) conduits to facilitate living-donor transplants. Six patients underwent right, living-donor kidney transplant with simultaneous IJV harvest over a one year period. All had bilateral jugular duplex scans preoperatively, and were placed on aspirin 81 mg postoperatively...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880278/adverse-reactions-to-fentanyl-transdermal-patches-in-calves-a-preliminary-clinical-and-pharmacokinetic-study
#7
Joe S Smith, Jonathan P Mochel, David J Borts, Kerrie A Lewis, Johann F Coetzee
OBJECTIVE: To describe adverse reactions and measure plasma fentanyl concentrations in calves following administration of a fentanyl transdermal patch (FTP). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental clinical study. ANIMALS: Six female Holstein calves and one male Angus calf. Four calves were healthy experimental animals and three calves were clinical patients. METHODS: Plasma fentanyl concentrations were measured in blood collected from a jugular vein...
April 11, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879807/investigation-of-the-blood-biomarkers-related-with-meat-quality-and-quantity-in-hanwoo-steers
#8
Yea Hwang Moon, Woong Ki Cho, Sung Sill Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between blood components and carcass traits, and to find the biomarkers related to meat quality and quantity in Hanwoo steers. Methods: One hundred twenty-six Hanwoo steers (8-9 months of age, body weight of 185.6±24.38 kg) were used to find the correlation between blood compositions and carcass traits. The steers were fed concentrate and rice straw (30 steers) or total mixed rations (96 steers) during the whole experimental period...
May 31, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873688/pathophysiology-study-of-filler-induced-blindness
#9
Ki-Hyun Cho, Edoardo Dalla Pozza, Gabor Toth, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, James E Zins
Background: A number of authors have proposed retrograde arterial embolism as the responsible mechanism for filler-induced blindness. However, no previous human study has substantiated this proposed mechanism. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology of filler-induced blindness using a fresh cadaver perfusion technique. Methods: A fresh cadaver head perfusion model that simulates both physiologic blood pressure and flow rate of the carotid artery, ophthalmic artery, supratrochlear artery was used...
June 5, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872354/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-in-the-emergency-department-experience-in-a-hospital-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#10
German Devia Jaramillo, Jenny Torres Castillo, Freddy Lozano, Angélica Ramírez
Introduction: The use of central venous catheters (CVCs) in the emergency room (ER) is a valuable tool for the comprehensive management of critically ill patients; however, the positioning of these devices is not free of complications. Currently, the use of ultrasound is considered a useful and safe tool to carry out these procedures, but in Colombia, the number of emergency departments providing this tool is scarce and there is no literature describing the experience in our country. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the experience regarding placement of ultrasound-guided CVCs by emergency physicians in an institution in Bogotá, as well as the associated complications...
2018: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872339/kissing-stents-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-due-to-mediastinal-fibrosis
#11
Jérémy Bardet, Dominique Fabre, Philippe Brenot, Claire Watkins, Elie Fadel
Purpose: To report the endovascular reconstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC), innominate and internal jugular veins following stenosis due to mediastinal fibrosis. Case Report: A 36-year-old female with mediastinal fibrosis was referred for symptomatic SVC syndrome (SVCS). A covered stent was inserted in the SVC with 2 kissing stents in the innominate and jugular veins via anterograde right femoral vein access with sandwich technique. She exhibited near-immediate relief of debilitating symptoms...
2018: Open Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866688/dural-arteriovenous-fistula-associated-with-a-glomus-jugulare-tumour-presenting-with-only-pulsatile-tinnitus
#12
Patric Darvie, Christopher Storey, Anil Nanda, Hugo Cuellar-Saenz
We present the second known case of a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) associated with a glomus jugulare tumour in a 66-year-old man and the first with a presenting symptom of pulsatile tinnitus. The tumour occluded the left internal jugular vein at the bulb. Our patient opted for monitoring, but the tinnitus progressed and became debilitating, prompting him to proceed with embolisation of the tumour. Angiography revealed a DAVF of the left transverse sinus with retrograde flow. Embolisation of 80% of the tumour did not relieve symptoms...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864573/over-shunting-associated-myelopathy-osam-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-jugular-vein-occlusion
#13
S D Adib, T K Hauser, D C Engel, M Tatagiba, M Skardelly, K Ramina
BACKGROUND: Over-shunting associated myelopathy (OSAM) is a very rare complication of ventricular shunt therapy, and only 11 previous cases have been reported in the literature. We report the successful surgical management of a case of OSAM in a patient with bilateral jugular vein occlusion and congenital hydrocephalus. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old-patient with shunt-dependent, congenital hydrocephalus presented with an 8-year history of progressive tetraparesis and gait disturbance in our department...
June 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863633/central-venous-line-and-dialysis-catheter-position-affects-drug-clearance-during-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-an-animal-model
#14
Robert Frithiof, Anna Bandert, Anders Larsson, Miklos Lipcsey, David Smekal
In intensive care, drugs are commonly administered through central venous catheters (CVC). These catheters and central venous dialysis catheters (CVDC) are often placed in the same vessel for practical reasons. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate if the position of CVC and CVDC influences the elimination of infused drugs, during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). In a randomized, cross-over model, anesthetized piglets received both a CVC and a CVDC in a jugular vein. Another CVDC was placed in a femoral vein for comparison...
May 29, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862219/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-morphine-self-administration-and-pain-modulation-in-rats
#15
Somayeh Ahmadi, Maryam Radahmadi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Effat Ramshini
Background: Exercise reverses retention deficit induced by morphine. The present study investigated the effect of aerobic exercise on tolerance to morphine usage and pain modulation. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups as follows: (1) saline group (S), (2) morphine group (M), (3) saline + exercise (S + E), and (4) morphine + exercise group (M + E). The rats were initially trained to receive small pellets of food by pressing an active lever in the self-administration apparatus...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861572/pseudoaneurysm-of-thyrocervical-trunk-following-left-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation
#16
S Ezhilnilavan, P S Priyamvada, E Swamiappan, S Haridasan, S Parameswaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860680/rapid-onset-plasma-leakage-of-extracorporeal-oxygenation-membranes-possibly-due-to-hyperbilirubinemia
#17
Yoshiko Kida, Shinichiro Ohshimo, Michihito Kyo, Yuko Tanabe, Kei Suzuki, Koji Hosokawa, Nobuaki Shime
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an emerging tool for supporting cardiopulmonary function in patients with cardiorespiratory failure or arrest. The oxygenator of the ECMO circuit requires effective oxygenation and removal of carbon dioxide from the blood. Major problems that can occur with the oxygenator include plasma leakage, one of the late-onset serious complications necessitating device replacement. However, the rapid onset of plasma leakage is rare. We present a 1-year-old boy with acute respiratory failure due to Pneumocystis and Aspergillus pneumonia...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859345/hypoxia-compounds-exercise-induced-free-radical-formation-in-humans-partitioning-contributions-from-the-cerebral-and-femoral-circulation
#18
Damian M Bailey, Peter Rasmussen, Kevin A Evans, Aske M Bohm, Morten Zaar, Henning B Nielsen, Patrice Brassard, Nikolai B Nordsborg, Pernille H Homann, Peter B Raven, Jane McEneny, Ian S Young, Joe M McCord, Niels H Secher
This study examined to what extent the human cerebral and femoral circulation contribute to free radical formation during basal and exercise-induced responses to hypoxia. Healthy participants (5♂, 5♀) were randomly assigned single-blinded to normoxic (21% O2 ) and hypoxic (10% O2 ) trials with measurements taken at rest and 30min after cycling at 70% of maximal power output in hypoxia and equivalent relative and absolute intensities in normoxia. Blood was sampled from the brachial artery (a), internal jugular and femoral veins (v) for non-enzymatic antioxidants (HPLC), ascorbate radical (A•- , electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation (spectrophotometry)...
May 30, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849343/delayed-migration-and-perforation-of-the-jugular-vein-by-a-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter
#19
Joshua J Oliver, R Erik Connor, Jacob R Powell, Jessica M Oliver, Brit Long
We report a case of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) migration and perforation of the left internal jugular vein in a home health setting in an 80-year-old female. A left sided PICC was placed for treatment of diverticulitis following hospital discharge. She complained of sudden onset left sided neck pain immediately after starting an infusion of vancomycin. In the emergency department the injury was identified by portable chest radiograph and computed tomography of her neck. Following removal of the line, she had an uneventful course...
November 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849275/lemierre-syndrome-as-a-complication-of-laryngeal-carcinoma
#20
Christopher Colbert, Molly McCormack, Wesley Eilbert, Lynea Bull
Lemierre syndrome is a rare condition characterized by a septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with septicemia and metastatic foci of infection. It typically occurs as the result of an infection in the head and neck, most commonly pharyngitis. For reasons that are unclear, the incidence of Lemierre syndrome has been increasing over the past 15 years. Diagnosis of Lemierre syndrome is often delayed, and identification of internal jugular vein thrombosis is often the first indicator of its presence...
February 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
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