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jugular veins

Soichi Kojima, Takao Hiraki, Hideo Gobara, Toshihiro Iguchi, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yusuke Matsui, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Susumu Kanazawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate retrospectively the fracture risk of totally implanted venous access devices connected to Groshong silicone (SC) versus polyurethane (PU) catheters, inserted via the internal jugular vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 384 SC and 221 PU central venous catheters implanted via the internal jugular vein. The presence of catheter fracture was evaluated. Variables possibly related to catheter fracture were evaluated. First, in order to determine the factors associated with fracture, fracture rates were compared with the log-rank test between the two groups divided by each of the variables...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Christine Brøkner, Dag Austbø, Jon A Næsset, Dominique Blache, Knud Erik B Knudsen, Hanne H Hansen, Anne-Helene Tauson
BACKGROUND: Dietary sugar and starch affect plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. Little information is available about the effect of dietary fibre on plasma glucose and insulin concentration. It is hypothesized that different dietary fibre compositions will alter post-prandial glycaemic- and insulinemic index of test meals. The objective was to measure postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations in horses fed meals of different fibre compositions. METHODS: Blood was drawn via jugular vein puncture and the glycaemic and insulinemic index were calculated...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
W-Y Guo, C-C J Lee, C-J Lin, H-C Yang, H-M Wu, C-C Wu, W-Y Chung, K-D Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sinus stenosis occasionally occurs in dural arteriovenous fistulas. Sinus stenosis impedes venous outflow and aggravates intracranial hypertension by reversing cortical venous drainage. This study aimed to analyze the likelihood of sinus stenosis and its impact on cerebral hemodynamics of various types of dural arteriovenous fistulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula in the transverse-sigmoid sinus were reviewed and divided into 3 groups: Cognard type I, type IIa, and types with cortical venous drainage...
October 20, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Michael J Osgood, Kevin Sexton, Igor Voskresensky, Kyle Hocking, Jun Song, Padmini Komalavilas, Colleen Brophy, Joyce Cheung-Flynn
BACKGROUND: Intimal hyperplasia remains the primary cause of vein graft failure for the 1 million yearly bypass procedures performed using human saphenous vein (HSV) grafts. This response to injury is caused in part by the harvest and preparation of the conduit. The use of Brilliant Blue FCF (FCF) restores injury-induced loss of function in vascular tissues possibly via inhibition of purinergic receptor signaling. This study investigated whether pretreatment of the vein graft with FCF prevents intimal hyperplasia...
August 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
K V Vinod, S Nishanth, M V Vidya
Haemothorax is an uncommon and serious complication, occurring most often during or immediately after percutaneous internal jugular and subclavian vein catheterizations. Delayed haemothorax is a rare complication, especially following right-sided catheterization. We report a case of acute yellow phosphorus poisoning with acute liver failure (resulting from rat killer paste ingestion) in a 28-year-old male who developed right-sided haemothorax eight days after placement of right internal jugular central venous catheter...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Banafsheh Bakhshoude, Hassan Ravari, Gholam Hosein Kazemzadeh, Masoud Pezeshki Rad
INTRODUCTION: Currently, venography is the standard diagnostic method to examine veins before implementing access, which is invasive in nature. Computerized tomography venography (CTV) can simultaneously indicate deep and superficial venous systems in the upper extremity and their relation to the surrounding anatomical structures; however, its diagnostic value in the detection of central venous disease has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of CT venography compared to venography in the diagnosis of stenosis and the occlusion of subclavian veins and the superior vena in renal failure patients...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Ceren Kizmazoglu, Joung H Lee, Burak Sade
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a case of 4th ventricular mass, whose management had to be modified due to a rare variation of the occipital sinus (OS). CLINICAL DESCRIPTION: 32 year-old female presented with persistent headache and nausea. MRI showed a 4th ventricular mass and hydrocephalus. Venous sinus anatomy appeared unusual, thus an MRV was performed. MRV revealed the OS as the main drainage pathway for the whole brain, providing the only drainage between the superior sagittal sinus and the jugular veins through the marginal sinus (MS)...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Mangalachulli Pottammal Ranjith, Kayakkal Shajudeen, Sankaran Prasanth
A 52-year-old male with history of dilated cardiomyopathy was admitted with progressive dizziness and worsening dyspnea. His blood pressure was 100/60 with a regular pulse of 70 per minute. Jugular vein wave showed a prominent pulse like regular cannon waves. Cannon wave occurs in conditions with atrioventricular dissociation and right atrial contraction against a closed tricuspid valve. Large A waves are associated with reduced right ventricular compliance or elevated right ventricular end-diastolic pressure...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Wangde Dai, Elissa Cheung, Rick J Alleman, Justin B Perry, Mitchell E Allen, David A Brown, Robert A Kloner
PURPOSE: Dysfunctional mitochondria are considered to be the major source of intracellular reactive oxygen species and play a central role in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. This study sought to determine effects of mitochondria-targeted cytoprotective peptide SBT-20 on myocardial infarct size in two different models of ischemia/reperfusion. METHODS: For in vivo studies, anesthetized Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 h of reperfusion...
October 17, 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Tomomi Kogiso, Etsuko Hashimoto, Taito Ito, Toshifumi Hara, Yuichi Ikarashi, Kazuhisa Kodama, Makiko Taniai, Nobuyuki Torii, Kentaro Yoshinaga, Satoru Morita, Yutaka Takahashi, Junji Tanaka, Shuji Sakai, Masakazu Yamamoto, Katsutoshi Tokushige
A 56-year-old man was diagnosed with aplastic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria at 43 years of age and treatment with cyclosporin A was started. Liver cirrhosis, ascites, and thrombus in the hepatic veins were found at 56 years of age and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) was diagnosed according to angiography findings. He was treated with diuretics and paracentesis was performed several times, but with limited efficacy. A Denver(®) peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) was inserted into the right jugular vein; his ascites and renal function improved immediately and his general condition has remained good for 12 months since starting the above treatment regimen...
2016: Internal Medicine
Serhat Güler, Burak Tatlı
Sinus pericranii (SP) is an uncommon vascular pathology that is characterized by a nodular structure emerging from the scalp. It is generally asymptomatic. Typically, it is aclose to soft, compressive, fluctuant swelling, intracranial sinus. The swelling increases during the Valsalva maneuver, jugular vein compression, coughing, or crying attacks. The diagnosis was confirmed by CT, MRI, and MR angiography. Here, we conclude that SP is a rare cause of headache and that the asymptomatic lesion become symptomatic as a result of association with pseudotumor cerebri...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Nezar Adili, Mohamed Melizi, Hadj Belabbas
AIM: This investigation is placed in the context of continuity of a preliminary study already published; it was conducted in cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and dogs; the main aim is to reveal and develop criteria for the animal species determination based on the morphometric parameters of red blood cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were taken from the jugular vein; and the smears were confectioned on slides immediately after the blood collection and stained according to the May-Gründwald Giemsa method...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Rintaro Yokoyama, Satoshi Iihoshi, Kei Miyata, Kentaro Toyama, Katsuya Komatsu, Masahiko Wanibuchi, Nobuhiro Mikuni
OBJECT: We report a relatively rare case of pediatric iatrogenic extradural vertebral arteriovenous fistula. CASE: A five-year-old boy with a history of multiple surgeries for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return(TAPVR)exhibited vascular engorgement of his right neck from about 4 years old. We thought that this was caused by his past operations. He demonstrated swollen blood vessels in the right neck and pulmonary hypertension with increased right heart load...
October 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Nagoor Basha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Stefano Cappanera, Beatrice Tiri, Lavinia M Saraca, Daniela Francisci
Lemierre's syndrome is a dangerous potential sequela of pharyngitis that results in septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. A high index of suspicion is needed to consider this diagnosis in the workup of pharyngitis and should be aggressively treated once. Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, mainly Fusobacterium necrophorum are implicated. Before the antibiotic era, Lemierre's syndrome was common and often fatal. But with the introduction of penicillin in the 1940s, the incidence of the syndrome dropped, and it eventually became known as the "forgotten disease"...
September 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Javier Corral, Geri Villanueva
We are reporting a case of a healthy 21-year-old male, with no significant past medical history, who was found to have an incidental nonocclusive deep vein thrombosis in the right internal jugular vein detected on a head MRI previously ordered for work-up of headaches. A follow-up upper extremity venous Doppler ultrasound confirmed the presence of a partially occlusive deep vein thrombosis in the right jugular vein. The case presented is unique for the reason that the patient is young and has no prior risk factor, personal or familial, for venous thrombosis except for associated polycythemia on clinical presentation...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Prakashchandra Shetty, Satheesha B Nayak, Rajesh Thangarajan, Melanie Rose D'Souza
Persistence of jugulocephalic vein is one of the extremely rare variations of the cephalic vein. Knowledge of such a variation is of utmost importance to orthopedic surgeons while treating the fractures of the clavicle, head and neck surgeons, during surgery of the lower part of neck, for cardiothoracic surgeons and radiologists during catheterization and cardiac device placement. We report the persistent jugulocephalic vein in an adult male cadaver, observed during the routine dissection classes. The right cephalic vein ascended upwards, superficial to the lateral part of the clavicle and terminated into the external jugular vein...
September 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Rawat, Yatin Mehta
Goal-directed therapy (GDT) encompasses guidance of intravenous (IV) fluid and vasopressor/inotropic therapy by cardiac output or similar parameters to help in early recognition and management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients. With the aim of establishing the utility of perioperative GDT using robust clinical and biochemical outcomes, we conducted the present study. This multicenter randomized controlled study included 130 patients of either sex, with European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation ≥3 undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Tanmoy Ghatak, Ratender Kumar Singh, Arvind Kumar Baronia
INTRODUCTION: Introducer needle tip is not clearly visible during the real-time ultrasound (US)-guided central vein cannulation (CVC). Blind tip leads to mechanical complications. This study was designed to evaluate whether real-time US-guided CVC with a marked introducer needle is superior to the existing unmarked needle. METHODOLOGY: Sixty-two critically ill patients aged 18-60 years of either sex were included in the study. The patients were randomized into two groups based on whether a marked or unmarked introducer needle was used...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Madan Mohan Maddali, Venkitaramanan Arun, Al-Ajmi Ahmed Wala, Maher Jaffer Al-Bahrani, Cheskey Manoj Jayatilaka, Arora Ram Nishant
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to compare the incidence of accidental arterial puncture during right internal jugular vein (RIJV) cannulation with and without ultrasound guidance (USG). The secondary end points were to assess if USG improves the chances of successful first pass cannulation and if BMI has an impact on incidence of arterial puncture and the number of attempts that are to be made for successful cannulation. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective observational study performed at a single tertiary cardiac care center...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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