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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820785/collective-efficacy-physical-activity-and-health-outcomes-among-mothers
#1
Deirdre Dlugonski, Bhibha M Das, Tiesha R Martin, Autumn Palmer
Motherhood is associated with low rates of physical activity that increase disease risk. Most theory-based approaches to increasing physical activity focus on personal rather than social factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among perceptions of community collective efficacy and objectively measured physical activity, self-efficacy, social support, and health. Mothers completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer for 7 days. There was a significant, positive association between physical activity and collective efficacy-social cohesion subscale...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820716/evaluation-of-community-directed-operation-of-black-fly-traps-for-entomological-surveillance-of-onchocerca-volvulus-transmission-in-the-madi-mid-north-focus-of-onchocerciasis-in-northern-uganda
#2
Denis Loum, Charles R Katholi, Thomson Lakwo, Peace Habomugisha, Edridah M Tukahebwa, Thomas R Unnasch
Entomological measures of transmission are important metrics specified by the World Health Organization to document the suppression and interruption of transmission of Onchocerca volvulus, the causative agent of onchocerciasis. These metrics require testing of large numbers of vector black flies. Black fly collection has relied on human landing collections, which are inefficient and potentially hazardous. As the focus of the international community has shifted from onchocerciasis control to elimination, replacement of human landing collections has become a priority...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820705/the-impact-of-introducing-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-on-fever-case-management-a-synthesis-of-ten-studies-from-the-act-consortium
#3
Katia J Bruxvoort, Baptiste Leurent, Clare I R Chandler, Evelyn K Ansah, Frank Baiden, Anders Björkman, Helen E D Burchett, Sîan E Clarke, Bonnie Cundill, Debora D DiLiberto, Kristina Elfving, Catherine Goodman, Kristian S Hansen, S Patrick Kachur, Sham Lal, David G Lalloo, Toby Leslie, Pascal Magnussen, Lindsay Mangham-Jefferies, Andreas Mårtensson, Ismail Mayan, Anthony K Mbonye, Mwinyi I Msellem, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Mark W Rowland, Delér Shakely, Sarah G Staedke, Lasse S Vestergaard, Jayne Webster, Christopher J M Whitty, Virginia L Wiseman, Shunmay Yeung, David Schellenberg, Heidi Hopkins
Since 2010, the World Health Organization has been recommending that all suspected cases of malaria be confirmed with parasite-based diagnosis before treatment. These guidelines represent a paradigm shift away from presumptive antimalarial treatment of fever. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) are central to implementing this policy, intended to target artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) to patients with confirmed malaria and to improve management of patients with nonmalarial fevers. The ACT Consortium conducted ten linked studies, eight in sub-Saharan Africa and two in Afghanistan, to evaluate the impact of mRDT introduction on case management across settings that vary in malaria endemicity and healthcare provider type...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820690/scaling-up-of-an-innovative-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-transmission-in-uruguay-in-the-framework-of-an-intersectoral-approach-with-and-without-community-participation
#4
César Basso, Elsa García da Rosa, Rosario Lairihoy, Ruben M Caffera, Ingrid Roche, Cristina González, Ricardo da Rosa, Alexis Gularte, Eduardo Alfonso-Sierra, Max Petzold, Axel Kroeger, Johannes Sommerfeld
To contribute to the prevention of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, a process of scaling up an innovative intervention to reduce Aedes aegypti habitats, was carried out in the city of Salto (Uruguay) based on a transdisciplinary analysis of the eco-bio-social determinants. The intervention in one-third of the city included the distributions of plastic bags for all households to collect all discarded water containers that were recollected by the Ministry of Health and the Municipality vector control services. The results were evaluated in 20 randomly assigned clusters of 100 households each, in the intervention and control arm...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820641/identifying-communication-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-among-appalachian-kentuckians
#5
Audrey Smith Bachman, Elisia L Cohen, Tom Collins, Jennifer Hatcher, Richard Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
Utilizing data from 40 in-depth interviews, this article identifies both barriers and facilitators to colorectal screening guideline adherence among Appalachian Kentucky adults recruited through a community-based research network. Key findings identify (a) varying levels of knowledge about screening guidelines, (b) reticence to engage in screening processes, and (c) nuanced communication with healthcare providers and family members regarding screening adherence. What participants knew about the screening process was often derived from personal stories or recalled stories from family members about their screening experiences...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820602/intricate-resonant-raman-response-in-anisotropic-res2
#6
Amber McCreary, Jeffrey R Simpson, Yuanxi Wang, Daniel Rhodes, Kazunori Fujisawa, Luis Balicas, Madan Dubey, Vincent H Crespi, Mauricio Terrones, Angela R Hight Walker
The strong in-plane anisotropy of rhenium disulfide (ReS2) offers an additional physical parameter that can be tuned for advanced applications such as logic circuits, thin-film polarizers, and polarization-sensitive photodetectors. ReS2 also presents advantages for optoelectronics, as it is both a direct-gap semiconductor for few-layer thicknesses (unlike MoS2 or WS2) and stable in air (unlike black phosphorus). Raman spectroscopy is one of the most powerful characterization techniques to non-destructively and sensitively probe the fundamental photo-physics of a 2D material...
August 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820515/the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-discussing-clinical-trials
#7
Susan A Flocke, Elizabeth Antognoli, Barbara J Daly, Brigid Jackson, Sarah E Fulton, Tasnuva M Liu, Jessica Surdam, Sharon Manne, Neal J Meropol
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe oncology nurses' experiences discussing clinical trials with their patients, and to assess barriers to these discussions.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A qualitative study designed to elicit narratives from oncology nurses. 
. SETTING: Community- and academic-based oncology clinics throughout the United States.
. PARTICIPANTS: 33 oncology nurses involved in direct patient care in community-based and large hospital-based settings...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820506/physiological-and-ecological-implications-of-an-iron-or-hydrogen-oxidizing-member-of-the-zetaproteobacteria-ghiorsea-bivora-gen-nov-sp-nov
#8
Jiro F Mori, Jarrod J Scott, Kevin W Hager, Craig L Moyer, Kirsten Küsel, David Emerson
Chemosynthetic Fe-oxidizing communities are common at diffuse-flow hydrothermal vents throughout the world's oceans. The foundational members of these communities are the Zetaproteobacteria, a class of Proteobacteria that is primarily associated with ecosystems fueled by ferrous iron, Fe(II). We report here the discovery of two new isolates of Zetaproteobacteria isolated from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (TAG-1), and the Mariana back-arc (SV-108), that are unique in that they can utilize either Fe(II) or molecular hydrogen (H2) as sole electron donor and oxygen as terminal electron acceptor for growth...
August 18, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820270/second-line-treatment-options-for-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Frank C Passero, Muhammad Wasif Saif
ABTRACT Introduction: Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) refractory to first-line therapy have a dismal prognosis and limited therapeutic options, with only one option consisting of nanoliposomal irinotecan in combination with fluorouracil and folinic acid which was approved by FDA based upon results of the phase III NAPOLI-1 study. Areas covered: We performed a literature search for relevant published clinical trials, abstracts of trials in progress and ongoing or planned trials for the second line treatment of APC using Pubmed...
August 18, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820227/emergency-management-leadership-in-2030-shaping-the-next-generation-meta-leader
#10
Carol L Cwiak, Ronald Campbell, Matthew G Cassavechia, Chuck Haynes, Lanita A Lloyd, Neil Brockway, George O Navarini, Byron E Piatt, Mary Senger
The complexities, interdependencies, and ambiguity that face next generation emergency management meta-leaders in an ever-evolving global community heighten the expectation and need for competencies that far exceed those common in practice today and necessitate the ability to move seamlessly through the dimensions of meta-leadership (ie, the person, the situation, and connectivity) while utilizing scientific-based evidence, information, resources, processes, and tools. The objective of this effort was to examine the recently developed next generation emergency management competencies through a meta-leadership lens by juxtaposing the competencies and the meta-leadership model...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820030/epidemiology-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-implications-for-the-perfusion-profession-a-2017-update
#11
Joseph J Sistino, David C Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: By analyzing epidemiological trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD), key stakeholders can make informed decisions on the future of disease burden and treatment. Accordingly, the cardiovascular perfusion community would benefit from data that would help predict future professional resource utilization. METHODS: In 2003, the changes in the number of hospital discharges for CVD from 1990 to 2000 were published, based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)...
September 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819844/fourier-ptychographic-microscopy-for-rapid-high-resolution-imaging-of-circulating-tumor-cells-enriched-by-microfiltration
#12
Anthony Williams, Jaebum Chung, Changhuei Yang, Richard J Cote
Examining the hematogenous compartment for evidence of metastasis has increased significantly within the oncology research community in recent years, due to the development of technologies aimed at the enrichment of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), the subpopulation of primary tumor cells that gain access to the circulatory system and are responsible for colonization at distant sites. In contrast to other technologies, filtration-based CTC enrichment, which exploits differences in size between larger tumor cells and surrounding smaller, non-tumor blood cells, has the potential to improve CTC characterization through isolation of tumor cell populations with greater molecular heterogeneity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819505/use-of-validated-community-based-trachoma-trichiasis-tt-case-finders-to-measure-the-total-backlog-and-detect-when-elimination-threshold-is-achieved-a-tt-methodology-paper
#13
Jefitha Karimurio, Hillary Rono, Doris Njomo, John Sironka, Catherine Kareko, Michael Gichangi, Ernest Barasa, Alice Mwangi, Kefa Ronald, Francis Kiio
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization recommends TT surveys to be conducted in adults aged 15+ years (TT 15 survey) and certifies elimination of TT as a public health problem when there is less than 1 unknown case per 1,000 people of all ages. There is no standard survey method to accurately confirm this elimination prevalence threshold of 0.1% because rare conditions require large and expensive prevalence survey samples. The aim of this study was to develop an accurate operational research method to measure the total backlog of TT in people of all ages and detect when the elimination threshold is achieved...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819495/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-pregnant-women-in-osogbo-metropolis-southwest-nigeria
#14
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Oluwatosin Adediran Adeoye, Adeleye Abiodun Adeomi, Donatus Sabageh, Adebola Afolake Adejimi
INTRODUCTION: High maternal mortality is a major problem in Nigeria. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness will ensure that women can have professional delivery thus reducing obstetric complications. This study assessed the birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Osogbo metropolis, a south western community in Nigeria. METHODS: A community based descriptive cross sectional survey was used. A total of 180 women were selected using multistage sampling technique...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819349/the-anexo-in-northern-california-an-alcoholics-anonymous-based-recovery-residence-in-latino-communities
#15
Victor Garcia, Anna Pagano, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
Our ethnographic study on help-seeking pathways of Latino immigrants in northern California reveals that they turn to anexos in their treatment and recovery quest. Anexos are linguistically- and culturally-specific recovery houses with origins in Mexico and Alcoholics Anonymous and a long history in Latino communities across the United States. Drawing on the findings of our study, we characterize the anexos and compare them to other recovery residences using National Alliance for Recovery Residences (NARR) criteria...
2017: Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819272/rapid-peat-accumulation-favours-the-occurrence-of-both-fen-and-bog-microbial-communities-within-a-mediterranean-free-floating-peat-island
#16
Giuseppe Concheri, Piergiorgio Stevanato, Claudio Zaccone, William Shotyk, Valeria D'Orazio, Teodoro Miano, Pietro Piffanelli, Valeria Rizzi, Chiara Ferrandi, Andrea Squartini
The unique environment of a 4m-thick, free-floating peat island within the Posta Fibreno lake (Central Italy) was analyzed using DNA-based techniques to assess bacterial and fungal community members identity and abundance. Two depths were sampled at 41 and 279 cm from the surface, the former corresponding to an emerged portion of Sphagnum residues accumulated less than 30 yrs ago, and the latter mainly consisting of silty peat belonging to the deeply submerged part of the island, dating back to 1520-1660 AD...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819111/community-outbreaks-of-group-a-streptococcus-revealed-by-genome-sequencing
#17
Claire E Turner, Luke Bedford, Nicholas M Brown, Kim Judge, M Estée Török, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock
The frequent occurrence of disease outbreaks in humans caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an on-going public health threat. Conventional bacterial typing methods lack the discriminatory power to confidently confirm or refute outbreaks in hospital and community settings. Microbial whole genome sequencing (WGS) provides a potential solution to this, but, there has been limited population-based surveillance with accompanying sequence data. We performed retrospective genomic surveillance of 93 clinical GAS isolates from individuals in a defined geographic region...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819098/protection-and-consolidation-of-stone-heritage-by-self-inoculation-with-indigenous-carbonatogenic-bacterial-communities
#18
Fadwa Jroundi, Mara Schiro, Encarnación Ruiz-Agudo, Kerstin Elert, Inés Martín-Sánchez, María Teresa González-Muñoz, Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro
Enhanced salt weathering resulting from global warming and increasing environmental pollution is endangering the survival of stone monuments and artworks. To mitigate the effects of these deleterious processes, numerous conservation treatments have been applied that, however, show limited efficacy. Here we present a novel, environmentally friendly, bacterial self-inoculation approach for the conservation of stone, based on the isolation of an indigenous community of carbonatogenic bacteria from salt damaged stone, followed by their culture and re-application back onto the same stone...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818646/best-practice-in-research-consensus-statement-on-ethnopharmacological-field-studies-consefs
#19
REVIEW
Michael Heinrich, Andreas Lardos, Marco Leonti, Caroline Weckerle, Merlin Willcox
BACKGROUND: Ethnopharmacological research aims at gathering information on local and traditional uses of plants and other natural substances. However, the approaches used and the methods employed vary, and while such a variability is desirable in terms of scientific diversity, research must adhere to well defined quality standards and reproducible methods OBJECTIVES: With ConSEFS (the Consensus Statement on Ethnopharmacological Field Studies) we want to define best-practice in developing, conducting and reporting field studies focusing on local and traditional uses of medicinal and food plants, including studies using a historical approach...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818277/economics-of-self-measured-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Verughese Jacob, Sajal K Chattopadhyay, Krista K Proia, David P Hopkins, Jeffrey Reynolds, Anilkrishna B Thota, Christopher D Jones, Daniel T Lackland, Kimberly J Rask, Nicolaas P Pronk, John M Clymer, Ron Z Goetzel
CONTEXT: The health and economic burden of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is substantial. This systematic review evaluated the economic evidence of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring interventions to control hypertension. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The literature search from database inception to March 2015 identified 22 studies for inclusion with three types of interventions: SMBP used alone, SMBP with additional support, and SMBP within team-based care (TBC)...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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