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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651326/heterogeneity-in-cultivation-based-monitoring-of-airborne-bacterial-biodiversity-in-animal-farms
#1
Udo Jäckel, Elena Martin, Jenny Schäfer
Diversity analyses of bioaerosol samples from highly loaded workplaces as found in agricultural production or waste management help to improve the knowledge of exposure levels of workers. However, different used methods resulting in the detection of different bacterial species at the same work places. The present study obviously supports the deviation of received results using cultivation and further isolation approaches. Within the present study, the bacterial community at workplaces was estimated using the powerful tool of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses after cultivation procedure...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#2
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651150/cognitive-remediation-improves-executive-functions-self-regulation-and-quality-of-life-in-residents-of-a-substance-use-disorder-therapeutic-community
#3
Ely M Marceau, Jamie Berry, Joanne Lunn, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common in substance use disorder (SUD) populations and hinders treatment. We previously found that 50% of residents in SUD therapeutic communities had been hospitalized for head injuries; this was a significant determinant of cognitive impairment. The current study aimed to establish whether cognitive remediation improves executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation in an ecologically valid sample of female residents attending SUD therapeutic community treatment, including those with past head injuries and psychiatric comorbidities...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651107/how-seasonality-and-weather-affect-perinatal-health-comparing-the-experiences-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-mothers-in-kanungu-district-uganda
#4
Sarah MacVicar, Lea Berrang-Ford, Sherilee Harper, Vivienne Steele, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus Namanya Bambaiha, Sabastien Twesigomwe, Grace Asaasira, Nancy Ross
Maternal and newborn health disparities and the health impacts of climate change present grand challenges for global health equity, and there remain knowledge gaps in our understanding of how these challenges intersect. This study examines the pathways through which mothers are affected by seasonal and meteorological factors in sub-Saharan Africa in general, and Kanungu District (Uganda), in particular. We conducted a community-based study consisting of focus group discussions with mothers and interviews with health care workers in Kanungu District...
June 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650917/long-term-changes-in-left-ventricular-mass-echocardiographic-findings-from-a-general-population
#5
Cesare Cuspidi, Fosca Quarti, Raffaella Dell'Oro, Rita Facchetti, Michele Bombelli, Carla Sala, Marijana Tadic, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia
AIM: We sought to assess the long-term changes in left ventricular (LV) mass in a population-based sample, focusing on new onset, persistence, regression and severity of LV hypertrophy (LVH), as well as on the demographic and clinical variables independently related to this dynamic process. METHODS: A total of 1113 participants with measurable echocardiographic parameters at baseline and after a 10-year follow-up were included in the analysis. Cut points for LVH were derived from current echocardiographic guidelines...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650814/multi-label-classification-by-semi-supervised-singular-value-decomposition
#6
Liping Jing, Chenyang Shen, Liu Yang, Jian Yu, Michael K Ng
Multi-label problems arise in various domains including automatic multimedia data categorization, and have generated significant interest in computer vision and machine learning community. However, existing methods do not adequately address two key challenges: exploiting correlations between labels and making up for the lack of labeled data or even missing labeled data. In this paper, we proposed to use a semi-supervised singular value decomposition to handle these two challenges. The proposed model takes advantage of the nuclear norm regularization on the singular value decomposition to effectively capture the label correlations...
June 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650780/i-am-a-pediatric-dentist-why-is-substance-abuse-among-my-patients-my-concern
#7
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman
The rapidly evolving demographic base of our communities intensifies the need for an awareness which in the past seemed beyond the traditional concerns of pediatric dentists; in this case, substance abuse by teenagers. A review was carried out regarding evolving demographics, the proportion of teenagers involved with substance abuse, the rationale for the use of varying elicit substances and the associated symptoms. A series of options for action are considered given the potential for pediatric dentists to be involved in the care of teenagers using elicit substances...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650413/community-priorities-for-hospital-based-prevention-initiatives-results-from-a-deliberating-public
#8
Marthe R Gold, Lindsey Realmuto, Maya Scherer, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss
CONTEXT: Internal revenue service provisions require not-for-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit." In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires these hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments that involve appropriate stakeholders. These requirements signal government interest in creating opportunities for developing programs that are well tailored and responsive to the needs of the communities served. Gaining meaningful input from residents is a critical aspect of these processes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650378/community-based-care-of-the-fibromyalgia-patient-strategies-to-promote-self-management
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650366/community-based-care-of-the-fibromyalgia-patient-strategies-to-promote-self-management
#10
Kimberly Davis, Lana Sargent, Victoria Menzies
Along with a variety of distressing symptoms, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) brings with it substantial physical, psychosocial, and financial costs. Research shows that self-management is an effective means to manage FM and can lead to fewer healthcare visits. Yet due to the complexity of this disorder, healthcare providers need to be able to tailor treatment to individual patients by understanding effective treatment interventions. Home healthcare nurses (HHNs) are in a unique position to assess and implement effective treatment recommendations in the home setting and as such could consider incorporating self-management strategies into the home visit with the FM patient...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650250/a-retrospective-longitudinal-claims-based-comparison-of-concomitant-diagnoses-between-individuals-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#11
Amanda M Kong, Dana Hurley, Kristin A Evans, Diana Brixner, Csilla Csoboth, Jeannie Visootsak
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) experience various comorbidities in excess of the prevalence seen among the non-DS population. However, the extent of the excess burden of comorbidities specifically within commercially and publicly insured DS populations aged < 21 years is not currently known. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the most common diagnoses among individuals with DS who have either commercial or Medicaid insurance and (b) compare the prevalence of those diagnoses between DS cases and non-DS controls...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#12
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649869/hivr4p-2016-partnering-for-prevention-conference-summary-and-highlights
#13
Barbara L Shacklett, Cynthia A Derdeyn, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Raphael Landovitz, Colin Anthony, Anna-Janina Behrens, Thomas Hope, Elise Landais, Lorna Leal, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Lynn Morris, Nelly Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Veronica Noseda, Srinika Ranasinghe, Damien C Tully, Yegor Voronin, Mitchell Warren, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Irene Y Xie, Gabriella Scarlatti, Bargavi Thyagarajan
HIV Research for Prevention: AIDS Vaccine, Microbicide and ARV-based Prevention Science (HIVR4P) was built upon a growing consensus that effective HIV prevention requires a combination of approaches and that understanding, analyzing and debating the cross-cutting issues that impact prevention research are all essential to combat the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. To that end, the biennial HIVR4P conference is dedicated to all biomedical HIV prevention research approaches, including HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP and treatment as prevention...
June 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649849/toward-establishing-a-standard-symptom-set-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-evidence-from-teacher-ratings-in-a-community-sample
#14
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Aidan P Schmitt, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649668/metabolic-costs-of-daily-activity-in-older-adults-chores-xl-study-design-and-methods
#15
Duane B Corbett, Amal A Wanigatunga, Vincenzo Valiani, Eileen M Handberg, Thomas W Buford, Babette Brumback, Ramon Casanova, Christopher M Janelle, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: For over 20 years, normative data has guided the prescription of physical activity. This data has since been applied to research and used to plan interventions. While this data seemingly provides accurate estimates of the metabolic cost of daily activities in young adults, the accuracy of use among older adults is less clear. As such, a thorough evaluation of the metabolic cost of daily activities in community dwelling adults across the lifespan is needed. METHODS: The Metabolic Costs of Daily Activity in Older Adults Study is a cross-sectional study designed to compare the metabolic cost of daily activities in 250 community dwelling adults across the lifespan...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649454/methods-guiding-stakeholder-engagement-in-planning-a-pragmatic-study-on-changing-stroke-systems-of-care
#16
Sabina B Gesell, Karen Potvin Klein, Jacqueline Halladay, Janet Prvu Bettger, Janet Freburger, Doyle M Cummings, Barbara J Lutz, Sylvia Coleman, Cheryl Bushnell, Wayne Rosamond, Pamela W Duncan
BACKGROUND: The Comprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) Study is one of the first large pragmatic randomized-controlled clinical trials using comparative effectiveness research methods, funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. In the COMPASS Study, we compare the effectiveness of a patient-centered, transitional care intervention versus usual care for stroke patients discharged home from acute care. Outcomes include stroke patient post-discharge functional status and caregiver strain 90 days after discharge, and hospital readmissions...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649414/characterisation-and-comparison-of-bacterial-communities-on-reverse-osmosis-membranes-of-a-full-scale-desalination-plant-by-bacterial-16s-rrna-gene-metabarcoding
#17
Veena Nagaraj, Lucy Skillman, Goen Ho, Dan Li, Alexander Gofton
Microbiomes of full-scale seawater reverse osmosis membranes are complex and subject to variation within and between membrane units. The pre-existing bacterial communities of unused membranes before operation have been largely ignored in biofouling studies. This study is novel as unused membranes were used as a critical benchmark for comparison. Fouled seawater reverse osmosis membrane biofilm communities from an array of autopsied membrane samples, following a 7-year operational life-span in a full-scale desalination plant in Western Australia, were characterised by 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding using the bacterial primers 515F and 806R...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649349/stochastic-losses-of-fire-dependent-endemic-herbs-revealed-by-a-65-year-chronosequence-of-dispersal-limited-woody-plant-encroachment
#18
John Stephen Brewer
The factors responsible for maintaining diverse groundcover plant communities of high conservation value in frequently burned wet pine savannas are poorly understood. While most management involves manipulating extrinsic factors important in maintaining species diversity (e.g., fire regimes), most ecological theory (e.g., niche theory and neutral theory) examines how traits exhibited by the species promote species coexistence. Furthermore, although many ecologists focus on processes that maintain local species diversity, conservation biologists have argued that other indices (e...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649338/estimating-and-interpreting-migration-of-amazonian-forests-using-spatially-implicit-and-semi-explicit-neutral-models
#19
Edwin Pos, Juan Ernesto Guevara Andino, Daniel Sabatier, Jean-François Molino, Nigel Pitman, Hugo Mogollón, David Neill, Carlos Cerón, Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Anthony Di Fiore, Raquel Thomas, Milton Tirado, Kenneth R Young, Ophelia Wang, Rodrigo Sierra, Roosevelt García-Villacorta, Roderick Zagt, Walter Palacios Cuenca, Milton Aulestia, Hans Ter Steege
With many sophisticated methods available for estimating migration, ecologists face the difficult decision of choosing for their specific line of work. Here we test and compare several methods, performing sanity and robustness tests, applying to large-scale data and discussing the results and interpretation. Five methods were selected to compare for their ability to estimate migration from spatially implicit and semi-explicit simulations based on three large-scale field datasets from South America (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Ecuador)...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649333/assessing-the-impact-of-revegetation-and-weed-control-on-urban-sensitive-bird-species
#20
Carla L Archibald, Matthew McKinney, Karen Mustin, Danielle F Shanahan, Hugh P Possingham
Nature in cities is concentrated in urban green spaces, which are key areas for urban biodiversity and also important areas to connect people with nature. To conserve urban biodiversity within these natural refugia, habitat restoration such as weed control and revegetation is often implemented. These actions are expected to benefit biodiversity, although species known to be affected by urbanization may not be interacting with restoration in the ways we anticipate. In this study, we use a case study to explore how urban restoration activities impact different bird species...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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