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Outpatient imaging efficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679728/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lumbar-spine-determining-clinical-impact-and-potential-harm-from-overuse
#1
Nathan M Wnuk, Tarik K Alkasab, Daniel I Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spine MRI is frequently said to be "overused" in the evaluation of low-back pain, yet data concerning the extent of overuse and on potential harmful effects are lacking. PURPOSE: To determine the proportion of examinations with a detectable impact on patient care (actionable outcomes). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study PATIENT SAMPLE: 5,365 outpatient lumbar spine MR examinations OUTCOME MEASURES: Actionable outcomes included: 1) findings leading to an intervention making use of anatomical information such as surgery; 2) new diagnoses of cancer, infection, or fracture; or 3) following known lumbar spine pathology...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530323/economics-of-mri-operations-after-implementation-of-interpersonal-skills-training
#2
Joseph A Ladapo, Charles E Spritzer, Xuan V Nguyen, Judy Pool, Elvira Lang
PURPOSE: Examine the cost of MRI operations before and after implementation of interpersonal skills training to reduce unanticipated patient-related events in an academic medical center. METHODS: Teams at four MRI sites (two hospital-based, two freestanding) were trained in evidence-based communication skills in February to April 2015. Training was designed to enable staff members to help patients mobilize their innate coping skills in response to any distress they experienced during their MRI visit...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510685/case-report-8-years-after-liver-transplantation-de-novo-hepatocellular-carcinoma-8-months-after-hcv-clearance-through-ifn-free-antiviral-therapy
#3
Giuliano Ramadori, Patrizia Bosio, Federico Moriconi, Ihtzaz A Malik
BACKGROUND: After orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), recurrent HCC mostly develops within 2 years. All cases of de novo HCC described so far occurred later than 2 years after OLT. Prevention of post-transplantation HCC has usually been tried to achieve by curing or controlling recurrent liver disease. This has been rationale for treatment with interferon (IFN)/ribavirin of HCV-recurrence in patients after OLT, transplanted for advanced HCV-induced liver disease and/or HCC...
March 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505695/age-adjusted-d-dimer-cut-off-leads-to-more-efficient-diagnosis-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-emergency-department-a-comparison-of-four-assays
#4
Maria Farm, Anwar J Siddiqui, Liselotte Onelöv, Ingela Järnberg, Jaak Eintrei, Filip Maskovic, Anders Kallner, Margareta Holmström, Jovan P Antovic
BACKGROUND: The study compares different D-dimer assays and age-adjusted cutoffs in outpatients with suspected venous thromboembolism (VTE). The plasma concentration of this sensitive biomarker is increased by activated coagulation, but also by several conditions that are linked to an increased risk of VTE. One such condition is old age, which poses a common clinical problem where many prefer not to analyze D-dimer in elderly patients. Age-adjusted cutoffs have been validated for both deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism, aiming to increase specificity without notably decreasing sensitivity...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432754/optimizing-research-in-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids-with-development-of-a-computable-phenotype-for-use-with-electronic-health-records
#5
Sarah R Hoffman, Anissa I Vines, Jacqueline R Halladay, Emily Pfaff, Lauren Schiff, Daniel Westreich, Aditi Sundaresan, La-Shell Johnson, Wanda K Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Women with symptomatic uterine fibroids can report a myriad of symptoms, including pain, bleeding, infertility, and psychosocial sequelae. Optimizing fibroid research requires the ability to enroll populations of women with image-confirmed symptomatic uterine fibroids. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an electronic health record-based algorithm to identify women with symptomatic uterine fibroids for a comparative effectiveness study of medical or surgical treatments on quality-of-life measures...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353834/-evaluation-of-efficiencies-on-the-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mri-for-preoperative-assessment-of-liver-metastases-from-colorectal-carcinoma
#6
Kunihiro Iwata, Toshiharu Moriya, Sadahiro Nakagawa, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
1) to evaluate efficiencies of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-EOB-MRI) for preoperative assessment of liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma, and 2) to compare them with other diagnostic imaging modalities. The subjects of the analysis were outpatients with advanced colorectal cancer who are at risk of developing liver metastases (initial setting: pre-test probability=20%). At initial setting, we performed a decision analysis to calculate numbers of true positive (TP), false negative (FN), false positive (FP) and true negative (TN) test results per 1000 patients of Gd-EOB-MRI and other imaging modalities (conventional contrast agent-enhanced MRI, contrast-enhanced CT and 18 F-FDG PET/CT)...
2018: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334520/invited-commentary-evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#7
Aki Kawasaki
This Invited Commentary discusses the following article: BACKGROUND:: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
March 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321107/can-i-send-this-patient-with-stroke-home-strategies-managing-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-stroke-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Bernard P Chang, Sara Rostanski, Joshua Willey, Benjamin Kummer, Eliza Miller, Mitchell Elkind
BACKGROUND: While transient ischemic attack and minor stroke (TIAMS) are common conditions evaluated in the emergency department (ED), there is controversy regarding the most effective and efficient strategies for managing them in the ED. Some patients are discharged after evaluation in the ED and cared for in the outpatient setting, while others remain in an observation unit without being admitted or discharged, and others experience prolonged and potentially costly inpatient admissions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275146/prevalence-of-complications-leading-to-a-health-care-contact-after-transrectal-prostate-biopsies-a-prospective-controlled-multicenter-study-based-on-a-selected-study-cohort
#9
Juha Knaapila, Marianne Gunell, Kari Syvänen, Otto Ettala, Esa Kähkönen, Tarja Lamminen, Marjo Seppänen, Ivan Jambor, Antti Rannikko, Jarno Riikonen, Eveliina Munukka, Erkki Eerola, Antti J Hakanen, Peter J Boström
BACKGROUND: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) is typically considered a safe procedure. However, infectious complications have been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To determine the contemporary rate of biopsy-related infectious and noninfectious complications after TRUS-Bx, and identify potential risk factors associated with the complications. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a prospective multicenter study and a substudy of a trial investigating the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in prostate cancer diagnosis (multi-IMPROD, NCT02241122)...
December 20, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273687/ophthalmoscopy-in-the-21st-century-the-2017-h-houston-merritt-lecture
#10
REVIEW
Valérie Biousse, Beau B Bruce, Nancy J Newman
Although the usefulness of viewing the ocular fundus is well-recognized, ophthalmoscopy is infrequently and poorly performed by most nonophthalmologist physicians, including neurologists. Barriers to the practice of ophthalmoscopy by nonophthalmologists include not only the technical difficulty related to direct ophthalmoscopy, but also lack of adequate training and discouragement by preceptors. Recent studies have shown that digital retinal fundus photographs with electronic transmission and remote interpretation of images by an ophthalmologist are an efficient and reliable way to allow examination of the ocular fundus in patients with systemic disorders such as diabetes mellitus...
January 23, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195710/health-it-and-inappropriate-utilization-of-outpatient-imaging-a-cross-sectional-study-of-u-s-hospitals
#11
Ajit Appari, M Eric Johnson, Denise L Anthony
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of information technology (IT), measured by Meaningful Use capability, is associated with lower rates of inappropriate utilization of imaging services in hospital outpatient settings. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 3332 nonfederal U.S. hospitals using data from: Hospital Compare (2011 outpatient imaging efficiency measures), HIMSS Analytics (2009 health IT), and Health Indicator Warehouse (market characteristics)...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044295/clinical-decision-rules-for-pulmonary-embolism-in-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Anne R Bass, Kara G Fields, Rie Goto, Gregory Turissini, Shirin Dey, Linda A Russell
Background  Clinical decision rules (CDRs) for pulmonary embolism (PE) have been validated in outpatients, but their performance in hospitalized patients is not well characterized. Objectives  The goal of this systematic literature review was to assess the performance of CDRs for PE in hospitalized patients. Methods  We performed a structured literature search using Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library for articles published on or before January 18, 2017. Two authors reviewed all titles, abstracts and full texts...
November 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030346/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-aortic-dissection-detection-risk-score-plus-d-dimer-for-acute-aortic-syndromes-the-advised-prospective-multicenter-study
#13
Peiman Nazerian, Christian Mueller, Alexandre de Matos Soeiro, Bernd A Leidel, Sibilla Anna Teresa Salvadeo, Francesca Giachino, Simone Vanni, Karin Grimm, Múcio Tavares Oliveira, Emanuele Pivetta, Enrico Lupia, Stefano Grifoni, Fulvio Morello
BACKGROUND: Acute aortic syndromes (AASs) are rare and severe cardiovascular emergencies with unspecific symptoms. For AASs, both misdiagnosis and overtesting are key concerns, and standardized diagnostic strategies may help physicians to balance these risks. D-dimer (DD) is highly sensitive for AAS but is inadequate as a stand-alone test. Integration of pretest probability assessment with DD testing is feasible, but the safety and efficiency of such a diagnostic strategy are currently unknown...
January 16, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029689/implementation-of-a-cloud-based-electronic-medical-record-exchange-system-in-compliance-with-the-integrating-healthcare-enterprise-s-cross-enterprise-document-sharing-integration-profile
#14
Chien Hua Wu, Ruey Kei Chiu, Hong Mo Yeh, Da Wei Wang
In 2011, the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Taiwan established the National Electronic Medical Record Exchange Center (EEC) to permit the sharing of medical resources among hospitals. This system can presently exchange electronic medical records (EMRs) among hospitals, in the form of medical imaging reports, laboratory test reports, discharge summaries, outpatient records, and outpatient medication records. Hospitals can send or retrieve EMRs over the virtual private network by connecting to the EEC through a gateway...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864165/public-reporting-of-mri-of-the-lumbar-spine-for-low-back-pain-and-changes-in-clinical-documentation
#15
Jonathan A Flug, Kimberly E Lind
OBJECTIVE: OP-8 is the Medicare imaging efficiency metric for MRI of the lumbar spine for low back pain in the outpatient hospital. We studied trends in exclusion criteria coding over time by site of service after implementation of OP-8 to evaluate provider's response to public reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis using the Medicare Limited Data Set 5% sample for beneficiaries with MRI lumbar spine and lower back pain during 2009 to 2014...
December 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#16
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
November 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467520/transdiagnostic-associations-between-functional-brain-network-integrity-and-cognition
#17
Julia M Sheffield, Sridhar Kandala, Carol A Tamminga, Godfrey D Pearlson, Matcheri S Keshavan, John A Sweeney, Brett A Clementz, Dov B Lerman-Sinkoff, S Kristian Hill, Deanna M Barch
Importance: Cognitive impairment occurs across the psychosis spectrum and is associated with functional outcome. However, it is unknown whether these shared manifestations of cognitive dysfunction across diagnostic categories also reflect shared neurobiological mechanisms or whether the source of impairment differs. Objective: To examine whether the general cognitive deficit observed across psychotic disorders is similarly associated with functional integrity of 2 brain networks widely implicated in supporting many cognitive domains...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445191/evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#18
Ama Sadaka, Samantha L Schockman, Karl C Golnik
BACKGROUND: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437802/surveillance-after-resection-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-curative-intent-a-multicenter-survey-in-germany-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Thomas J Ettrich, Lucas A Schulte, Natalie Eitel, Kristin Ettrich, Andreas W Berger, Lukas Perkhofer, Thomas Seufferlein
Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers with high risk of relapse even after curative-intended resection. There are no evidence-based recommendations for surveillance in actual guidelines. Given this situation and as a basis for prospective studies, we wanted to determine the current practice of surveillance after pancreatic cancer resection in German institutions. Methods A web-based questionnaire was sent in 2015 to 300 German institutions (hospitals, outpatient clinics, and private practices) experienced in the care of patients with PDAC...
July 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427416/shoulder-ultrasonography-performed-by-orthopedic-surgeons-increases-efficiency-in-diagnosis-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#20
Chih-Hao Chiu, Poyu Chen, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Yeung-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are very common and their incidence increases with age. Shoulder ultrasonography has recently gained popularity in detecting rotator cuff tears because of its efficiency, cost-effectiveness, time-saving, and real-time nature of the procedure. Well-trained orthopedic surgeons may utilize shoulder ultrasonography to diagnose rotator cuff tears. The wait time of patients planned to have shoulder MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to rule in rotator cuff tears may decrease after orthopedic surgeon start doing shoulder ultrasonography as a screening tool for that...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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