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Outpatient imaging efficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#1
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467520/transdiagnostic-associations-between-functional-brain-network-integrity-and-cognition
#2
Julia M Sheffield, Sridhar Kandala, Carol A Tamminga, Godfrey D Pearlson, Matcheri S Keshavan, John A Sweeney, Brett A Clementz, Dov B Lerman-Sinkoff, S Kristian Hill, Deanna M Barch
Importance: Cognitive impairment occurs across the psychosis spectrum and is associated with functional outcome. However, it is unknown whether these shared manifestations of cognitive dysfunction across diagnostic categories also reflect shared neurobiological mechanisms or whether the source of impairment differs. Objective: To examine whether the general cognitive deficit observed across psychotic disorders is similarly associated with functional integrity of 2 brain networks widely implicated in supporting many cognitive domains...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445191/evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#3
Ama Sadaka, Samantha L Schockman, Karl C Golnik
BACKGROUND: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437802/surveillance-after-resection-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-curative-intent-a-multicenter-survey-in-germany-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Thomas J Ettrich, Lucas A Schulte, Natalie Eitel, Kristin Ettrich, Andreas W Berger, Lukas Perkhofer, Thomas Seufferlein
Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers with high risk of relapse even after curative-intended resection. There are no evidence-based recommendations for surveillance in actual guidelines. Given this situation and as a basis for prospective studies, we wanted to determine the current practice of surveillance after pancreatic cancer resection in German institutions. Methods A web-based questionnaire was sent in 2015 to 300 German institutions (hospitals, outpatient clinics, and private practices) experienced in the care of patients with PDAC...
April 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427416/shoulder-ultrasonography-performed-by-orthopedic-surgeons-increases-efficiency-in-diagnosis-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#5
Chih-Hao Chiu, Poyu Chen, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Yeung-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are very common and their incidence increases with age. Shoulder ultrasonography has recently gained popularity in detecting rotator cuff tears because of its efficiency, cost-effectiveness, time-saving, and real-time nature of the procedure. Well-trained orthopedic surgeons may utilize shoulder ultrasonography to diagnose rotator cuff tears. The wait time of patients planned to have shoulder MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to rule in rotator cuff tears may decrease after orthopedic surgeon start doing shoulder ultrasonography as a screening tool for that...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375914/low-back-pain
#6
Jinny O Tavee, Kerry H Levin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of evaluating and treating low back pain in the outpatient setting. RECENT FINDINGS: As most cases of acute low back pain have a favorable prognosis, current guidelines on imaging studies recommend conservative treatment for 6 weeks prior to obtaining an MRI if no red flags are present. Of these red flags, a prior history of cancer is the strongest risk factor for a malignant etiology and requires urgent evaluation with MRI...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375910/dizziness-in-the-outpatient-care-setting
#7
Terry D Fife
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes an approach to evaluating dizziness for the general neurologist and reviews common and important causes of dizziness and vertigo. RECENT FINDINGS: Improved methods of diagnosing patients with vertigo and dizziness have been evolving, including additional diagnostic criteria and characterization of some common conditions that cause dizziness (eg, vestibular migraine, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, chronic subjective dizziness)...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327977/the-ethics-of-choosing-wisely-the-use-of-neuroimaging-for-uncomplicated-headache
#8
David J Cote, Edward R Laws
The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluation of headache remains excessive among physicians across many specialties according to both the American Headache Society and the American College of Radiology, despite recent attempts at limiting overuse of imaging and procedures. As part of the Choosing Wisely campaign, both of these organizations have explicitly recommended against imaging in patients with uncomplicated or typical migraine headaches. Yet, the practice nevertheless remains prevalent, with estimates ranging from 12...
May 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254445/new-device-for-intermittent-emptying-of-the-bladder-in-female-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#9
Salvador V C Lima, Fábio O Vilar, Eugênio S Lustosa, Daniel C C Aragão, Fernanda C F S Calisto, Flávia C M Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a challenging problem for the urological community. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the most commonly used method to restore bladder emptying to the state close to the physiological condition. This procedure can cause negative aspects such as pain and possible urethral injury. In addition, there is a negative impact on self-image and decline in quality of patient's life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new intraurethral self-retaining device (ISRD), in female children and adolescents, as an attractive alternative to CIC...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795820/cost-of-illness-among-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer-in-turkey
#10
Ergun Oksuz, Simten Malhan, Bilge Sonmez, Rukiye Numanoglu Tekin
AIM: To evaluate the annual cost of patients with Wagner grade 3-4-5 diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) from the public payer's perspective in Turkey. METHODS: This study was conducted focused on a time frame of one year from the public payer's perspective. Cost-of-illness (COI) methodology, which was developed by the World Health Organization, was used in the generation of cost data. By following a clinical path with the COI method, the main total expenses were reached by multiplying the number of uses of each expense item, the percentage of cases that used them and unit costs...
October 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782870/factors-associated-with-the-decision-of-the-rheumatologist-to-order-sacroiliac-joints-magnetic-resonance-imaging-si-mri-or-hla-b27-testing-in-the-diagnostic-work-up-of-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-in-clinical-practice
#11
Wilson Bautista-Molano, Robert B M Landewé, Cesar Serna, Rafael Valle-Oñate, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the patients' characteristics associated with the clinical decision to request SI-MRI and/or HLA-B27 in patients with SpA in daily practice. METHODS: Patients referred to a rheumatology outpatient-clinic in a national referral-centre were selected. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of SpA according to the rheumatologist were included. SI-MRI and HLA-B27 was available for patients in whom the rheumatologists had ordered these tests. Characteristics associated with ordering SI-MRI or HLA-B27 were identified with univariable analyses...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686648/telehealth-interventions-for-reducing-waiting-lists-and-waiting-times-for-specialist-outpatient-services-a-scoping-review
#12
Liam J Caffery, Mutaz Farjian, Anthony C Smith
We undertook a scoping review of the published literature to identify and summarise key findings on the telehealth interventions that influence waiting times or waiting lists for specialist outpatient services. Searches were conducted to identify relevant articles. Articles were included if the telehealth intervention restructured or made the referral process more efficient. We excluded studies that simply increased capacity. Two categories of interventions were identified - electronic consultations and image-based triage...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557630/strategies-for-assessing-renal-function-prior-to-outpatient-contrast-enhanced-ct-a-uk-survey
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Martine Ann Harris, Beverly Snaith, Ruth Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To identify current UK screening practices prior to contrast-enhanced CT. To determine the patient management strategies to minimize the risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) risk in outpatients. METHODS: An invitation to complete an electronic survey was distributed to the CT managers of 174 UK adult National Health Service hospital trusts. The survey included questions related to local protocols and national guidance on which these are based...
November 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504650/the-mini-c-arm-adds-quality-and-efficiency-to-the-pediatric-orthopedic-outpatient-clinic
#14
Matthew G Fanelli, William L Hennrikus, Jennifer M Slough Hill, Douglas G Armstrong, Steven H King
The mini C-arm has become increasingly popular in the practice of orthopedics. To the authors' knowledge, its use in the pediatric orthopedic outpatient clinic has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practice efficiency and radiation exposure to the patient when the mini C-arm was used in the pediatric orthopedic outpatient clinic. One hundred consecutive midshaft and distal forearm fractures were evaluated by one orthopedic surgeon in follow-up using a mini C-arm. For each case, the radiation physicist calculated the amount of skin exposure in milligray (mGy)...
November 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493745/improving-the-safety-and-efficiency-of-outpatient-lumbar-puncture-service
#15
Mark Sweeney, Adam Al-Diwani, Robert Hadden
Lumbar puncture (LP) is a commonly performed procedure in diagnosis and management of neurological conditions. LP is generally safe, however there are a number of potentially serious complications, including epidural haematoma and cerebral herniation. The risks of these should be considered and minimised prior to undertaking LP. Our regional neuroscience centre provides an outpatient LP service for patients throughout southeast England. Referrals from distant hospitals meant there was frequently no access to important clinical information, including indication for LP, past medical history, or medication history until the day of the procedure, and no access to results of investigations such as coagulation profile, platelet count, or intracranial imaging...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318582/impact-of-the-new-jersey-breast-density-law-on-imaging-and-intervention-volumes-and-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#16
Linda M Sanders, Alexander B King, Koren S Goodman
PURPOSE: Increased breast density is acknowledged as an independent risk factor for breast cancer and may obscure malignancy on mammography. Approximately half of all mammograms depict dense breasts. Legislation related to mandatory breast density notification was first enacted in Connecticut in 2009. On May 1, 2014, New Jersey joined other states with similar legislation. The New Jersey breast density law (NJBDL) mandates that mammography reports acknowledge the relevance and masking effect of mammographic breast density...
October 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318577/the-patient-experience-in-radiology-observations-from-over-3-500-patient-feedback-reports-in-a-single-institution
#17
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Kristine Pysarenko
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with the patient experience in radiology based on patient feedback reports from a single institution. METHODS: In a departmental patient experience committee initiative, all imaging outpatients are provided names and roles of all departmental employees with whom they interact, along with contact information for providing feedback after their appointment. All resulting feedback was recorded in a web-based database. A total of 3,675 patient comments over a 3-year period were assessed in terms of major themes...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295173/core-needle-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-head-and-neck-lesions-a-retrospective-study-of-3%C3%A2-years
#18
Vitor Hugo Candido Ferreira, Laurindo Moacir Sassi, Roberta Targa Stramandinoli Zanicotti, Gyl Henrique Albrecht Ramos, Juliana Elizabeth Jung, Juliana Lucena Schussel
The management of head and neck tumors is guided by its nature, location and extension. Despite CNB accuracy and efficiency being widely described in the literature, there are few studies that evaluate the diagnostic utility of the technique performed in an outpatient setting, in the diagnosis of head and neck tumors. The aim of this study is to present the experience, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the CNB performed in an outpatient setting, free handed, in an important oncology school-hospital. A total of 2007 patients with tumors in the head and neck treated for a period of 3 years were evaluated...
December 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160008/fulfilling-outpatient-medicine-responsibilities-during-internal-medicine-residency-a-quantitative-study-of-housestaff-participation-with-between-visit-tasks
#19
Jason Hom, Ilana Richman, Jonathan H Chen, Baldeep Singh, Casey Crump, Jeffrey Chi
BACKGROUND: Internal Medicine residents experience conflict between inpatient and outpatient medicine responsibilities. Outpatient "between visit" responsibilities such as reviewing lab and imaging data, responding to medication refill requests and replying to patient inquiries compete for time and attention with inpatient duties. By examining Electronic Health Record (EHR) audits, our study quantitatively describes this balance between competing responsibilities, focusing on housestaff participation with "between visit" outpatient responsibilities...
May 10, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118098/determining-waiting-room-occupancy-at-an-outpatient-clinic-using-simulated-observations-and%C3%A2-probability-duration-curves
#20
Jing Ai, Catherine Oglevee, Oleg Pianykh
Adequate allocation of physical resources in hospitals has become increasingly important with the rise of health care costs. Seat utilization in outpatient clinic waiting rooms is one resource that is particularly important to monitor, to not only ensure patient satisfaction but also accommodate patient flow. Currently, very few studies are available on seat occupancy and patient flow in standard waiting rooms, and studies often neglect important factors, such as hourly patterns of patient influx and occupancy duration...
June 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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