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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141316/-a-clinical-analysis-of-micafungin-treatment-of-pulmonary-invasive-fungal-infection-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-leukemia-or-post-hematopoietic-stem-cells-transplantation
#1
K Huang, K Y Qiu, L L Deng, J P Fang, Y Li, H X Guo, D H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of micafungin (MCF) for pulmonary invasive fungal disease (PIFD) in pediatric patients with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation. Method: Twenty-five neutropenic PIFD children with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were selected from January 2012 to June 2015, including 12 males and 13 females, age range 2-15 (average 6.2±2.0) years. There were 12 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after chemotherapy, 4 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 9 cases of β-thalassemia major after allo-HSCT...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136724/-expert-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-renal-impairment-of-multiple-myeloma
#2
(no author information available yet)
Renal impairment (RI) is a common complication of multiple myeloma (MM), which is presented as chronic kidney disease (CKD) or acute kidney injury (AKI). The typical pathological feature is cast nephropathy. Presently international system staging (ISS) is used in evaluating MM. Although the classic Durie-Salmon staging system could be still used in clinical practice, it may miss out some patients with renal impairment. For evaluations of RI in MM patients with CKD, it's recommended to assess the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by creatinine based formula CKD-epidemiology collaboration (EPI) or modification of diet in renal disease(MDRD) and to stage the renal injuries according to 2013 Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) CKD guidelines...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108511/effects-of-benign-prostate-hyperplasia-on-allografts-in-kidney-transplant
#3
Ali Murat Gokce, Mehmet Remzi Erdem, Ruhi Caglar, Cevdet Kaya, Leyla Ozel, Mesut Izzet Titiz
OBJECTIVES: Benign prostate hyperplasia is frequently diagnosed in elderly chronic renal failure patients. Although it is asymptomatic because urine flow declines in those with chronic renal failure, it may become symptomatic when urine flow increases after renal transplant. Untreated benign prostate hyperplasia may lead to several complications that adversely affect the kidney allograft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our retrospective study investigated data from 286 male transplant patients...
October 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103327/in-vivo-mr-imaging-of-folate-receptor-expression-with-the-folate-specific-nanospheres-in-a-c6-glioblastoma-model
#4
Yanli An, Qiusha Tang, Rui Yang, Dongfang Liu, Dongsheng Zhang
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of magnetic albumin nanospheres conjugated with folate (FA-MAN) to provide FR-specific enhancement of C6 glioblastoma on magnetic resonance (MR) images. PROCEDURES: Active targeting effect of magnetic albumin nanospheres conjugated with folate (FA-MAN) was evaluated based on MR images and histopathological analysis. MR imaging of subcutaneously transplanted C6 glioblastomas was performed after intravenous injection of FA-MAN, non-targeted (magnetic albumin nanospheres, MAN) and FA-inhibited (magnetic albumin nanospheres conjugated with folate plus folate, FA-MAN + FA) agents at designated time points...
November 5, 2017: Computer Assisted Surgery (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075059/monomorphic-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-after-kidney-transplantation-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-clinicopathological-characteristics-treatments-and-prognostic-factors
#5
Li Fu, Jianlan Xie, Jun Lin, Jingshi Wang, Na Wei, Dayong Huang, Tingting Wang, Jing Shen, Xiaoge Zhou, Zhao Wang
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid neoplasms associated with immunosuppression following transplantation. Among PTLDs, monomorphic PTLD (m-PTLD) is the largest category; however, its characteristics and survival outcome are not fully understood because of low incidence. This study enrolled 30 adult patients with m-PTLD after kidney-transplantation (KT, n = 17) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT, n = 13) from January 1998 to December 2014...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072572/can-zero-hour-cortical-biopsy-predict-early-graft-outcomes-after-living-donor-renal-transplantation
#6
Ranjeet Singh Rathore, Nisarg Mehta, Sony Bhaskar Mehta, Manas Babu, Devesh Bansal, Biju S Pillai, Mohan P Sam, H Krishnamoorthy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify relevance of subclinical pathological findings in the kidneys of living donors and correlate these with early graft renal function. METHODS: This was a prospective study on 84 living donor kidney transplant recipients over a period of two years. In all the donors, cortical wedge biopsy was taken and sent for assessment of glomerular, mesangial, and tubule status. The graft function of patients with normal histology was compared with those of abnormal histological findings at one, three, and six months, and one year post-surgery...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039889/robot-assisted-single-port-radical-nephrectomy-and-cholecystectomy-description-and-technical-aspects
#7
Francisco Hidelbrando Alves Mota Filho, Luis Felipe Sávio, Rafael Eiji Sakata, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Marco Antonio Nunes da Silva, Ronaldo Maia, Carlo Passerotti
INTRODUCTION: Robot-Assisted Single Site Radical Nephrectomy (RASS-RN) has been reported by surgeons in Europe and United States (1-3). To our best knowledge this video presents the first RASS-RN with concomitant cholecystectomy performed in Latin America. CASE: A 66 year-old renal transplant male due to chronic renal failure presented with an incidental 1.3cm nodule in the upper pole of the right kidney. In addition, symptomatic gallbladder stones were detected...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038419/expression-and-clinical-significance-of-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinases-1-timp-1-and-a-disintegrin-and-metalloproteinase-with-thrombospondin-type-1-motif-1-adamts1-in-post-kidney-transplant-bladder-tumors
#8
Wenrui Xue, Zijian Zhang, Song Zeng, Yue Xu, Qiang Zhang, Wei Wang, Yu Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaopeng Hu
BACKGROUND To investigate the expression and clinical significance of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif 1 (ADAMTS1) in post-kidney-transplant bladder tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 27 patients with new bladder tumors occurring after surgical kidney transplants (the experimental group) and 56 patients with conventional new bladder tumors (the control group) were included in this study. All the patients were confirmed to have transitional cell carcinomas by postoperative pathological examination...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036810/naturalizing-activity-and-safety-of-human-monoclonal-antibodies-against-of-hepatitis-c-virus
#9
Tawfeek H Abelhafez, Ashraf A Tabll, Mostafa K El-Awady, Mohammad M Mashaly, Reem El Shenawy, Yasmine S El-Abd, Maysa H Shaker, Camelia A Abdel Malak
AIM: Assessment of neutralizing activity of the human monoclonal antibodies against HCV and also study its safety in experimental small animals (Swiss mice). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of neutralizing activity of the human monoclonal antibodies against HCV envelope regions (E1, E2) by two methods (by HCV cc infectious system and by using positive HCV positive serum as source of HCV particles (neutralizing assay 2). Dot ELISA were used to study the activity of the generated antibodies...
September 29, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021661/successful-renal-transplant-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-hiv-associated-nephropathy
#10
Anshuman Sood, David Hakim, Abhishek Bose
HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is a pathological state of the kidneys due to longstanding, uncontrolled HIV infection. With the rapid progression of HIVAN to end-stage kidney failure, there is a significant potential for renal transplantation to improve the quality of life in these patients. Numerous studies have been recently published documenting renal transplantation as a primary treatment for HIVAN. With the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, allograft and patient survival rates of HIV-infected persons are nearly identical to those who are HIV negative...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982622/retroperitoneal-compartment-syndrome-in-renal-transplantation-how-to-salvage-the-graft
#11
Karen Pineda-Solís, Wen Yan Xie, Vivian McAlister, Alp Sener, Patrick P Luke
OBJECTIVE: Early allograft dysfunction may be caused by several technical factors including vascular complications such as thrombosis, kinking, or extrinsic compression. Renal allograft compartment syndrome (RACS) is an unrecognized cause of early allograft dysfunction. This complication is characterized by increased pressure of the iliac fossa that reduces the blood supply to the graft with a potentially devastating consequence. The main objective when recognizing this condition is to create a tension-free muscle closure...
September 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975130/multiple-myeloma-as-the-underlying-cause-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy-leading-to-acute-kidney-injury-revisiting-a-very-rare-entity
#12
Savneek Chugh, Asim Kichloo, Firas Jafri, Liga Yusvirazi, Robert Lerner
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) describes a pathological process of microvascular thrombosis, consumptive thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, leading to end-organ ischemia and infarction, affecting particularly the kidney and brain. TMA is a pathological feature of a number of clinical disorders including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Rare but important, TMA may also occur in malignancy, connective tissue disease, malignant hypertension, and renal transplantation (rejection or drug toxicity)...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969067/prevalence-and-survival-prognosis-of-prostate-cancer-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-retrospective-study-based-on-the-korea-national-database-2003-2010
#13
Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Yoon Seok Suh, Young Ae Kim, Jin Hyuk Hong, Tong Sun Kuark, Eun Sook Lee, Kang Hyun Lee
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence and prognosis of prostate cancer (PC) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), determine the risk factors for overall survival (OS) and PC-specific survival (CSS), and evaluate differences in PC-related clinical therapeutic patterns between patients with and without PC-ESRD. METHODS: This observational population study, performed at the National Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute in Korea, included patients with PC and ESRD from the nationwide Korean Health Insurance System and Korean Central Cancer Registry data...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932227/targeted-delivery-of-neutralizing-anti-c5-antibody-to-renal-endothelium-prevents-complement-dependent-tissue-damage
#14
Paolo Durigutto, Daniele Sblattero, Stefania Biffi, Luca De Maso, Chiara Garrovo, Gabriele Baj, Federico Colombo, Fabio Fischetti, Antonio F Di Naro, Francesco Tedesco, Paolo Macor
Complement activation is largely implicated in the pathogenesis of several clinical conditions and its therapeutic neutralization has proven effective in preventing tissue and organ damage. A problem that still needs to be solved in the therapeutic control of complement-mediated diseases is how to avoid side effects associated with chronic neutralization of the complement system, in particular, the increased risk of infections. We addressed this issue developing a strategy based on the preferential delivery of a C5 complement inhibitor to the organ involved in the pathologic process...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918445/pre-emptive-intestinal-transplant-the-surgeon-s-point-of-view
#15
REVIEW
Augusto Lauro, Ignazio R Marino, Kishore R Iyer
Pre-emptive transplantation is a well-established practice for certain types of end-organ failure such as in the use of kidney transplantation. For irreversible intestinal failure, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) remains the gold standard, due to the suboptimal long-term results of intestinal transplantation. As such, the only role for pre-emptive transplantation, if at all, will be for patients identified to be at high risk of complications and mortality while on definitive long-term TPN. In these patients, the timing of early listing and transplantation could become life-saving, taking into account that mortality on the waiting list is still the highest for intestinal candidates...
November 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889098/reversal-of-arterial-stiffness-and-maladaptative-arterial-remodeling-after-kidney-transplantation
#16
Alexandre Karras, Pierre Boutouyrie, Marie Briet, Erwan Bozec, Jean-Philippe Haymann, Christophe Legendre, Lawrence P McMahon, Michel Delahousse
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is characterized by stiffening, thinning, dilatation, and increased circumferential wall stress of large arteries, associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Kidney transplantation (KT) reverses many pathological features of chronic kidney disease and improves life expectancy; however, longitudinal studies exploring the impact of KT on recipient large arteries are scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was designed to appraise arterial changes following KT...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884334/periostin-in-kidney-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Niki Prakoura, Christos Chatziantoniou
Chronic kidney disease is an incurable to date pathology, with renal replacement therapy through dialysis or transplantation being the only available option for end-stage patients. A deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing the progression of kidney diseases will permit the identification of unknown mediators and potential novel markers or targets of therapy which promise more efficient diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Over the last years, periostin was established by several studies as a novel key player in the progression of renal disease...
December 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869173/-ablative-therapy-in-kidney-cancer-indications
#18
T Tricard, G Tsoumakidou, V Lindner, J Garnon, G Albrand, X Cathelineau, A Gangi, H Lang
BACKGROUND: Ablative therapies (AT) in kidney cancer are rising. It's important to evaluate the situation of this therapy. The aim of this study is to identify the best indications for AT treatment for kidney cancer. METHODS: Review of literature using Medline and Embase databases. Study were selected based on scientific relevance. Clinical keys centered on the best requirements to indicate ablative therapies. RESULTS: AT is indicated according to specific tumor and patients criteria...
August 30, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845001/-effect-of-m2-macrophage-against-rejection-on-islet-allografts-in-diabetic-mice
#19
Qi Liang, Ting Liu, Li Feng, Lingling Deng, Pengfei Rong, Wei Wang
To explore the possibility of using peritoneal alternatively activated M2 macrophages to prevent rejection after islet allotransplantation in a murine model.
 Methods: Peritoneal monocytes from C57BL/6 mice were induced and modulated to M2 and M0 macrophages in vitro, then the phenotype of macrophage was assessed by flow cytometry. C57BL/6 mice were induced diabetic by streptozotocin (STZ) injection and transplanted with islets isolated from BALB/c mice under the left kidney capsule. The recipients were randomly divided to 3 groups (n=8)...
July 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838442/late-onset-allograft-aspergillosis-in-an-hiv-positive-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#20
M Kamal, S Apewokin, M Anand, B G Abu Jawdeh, A Govil, M M Sheikh, S Shah
Aspergillus infection of the allograft in renal transplant patients is rare and associated with a high mortality. We report a case of a 21-year-old, human immunodeficiency virus-positive, deceased-donor kidney recipient who presented 1 year after transplant with oliguric kidney injury. A nuclear medicine renal scan revealed absence of flow to the transplanted kidney, and a urine fungal culture was positive for Aspergillus flavus. The diagnosis was confirmed with the presence of fungal hyphae along with thrombosis in the vascular structures in renal allograft pathology...
September 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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